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HORNADAY BADGE HANDBOOK

VIEWS: 31 PAGES: 63

									HORNADAY BADGE HANDBOOK




  A Guide for Scouts in the Capitol
            Area Council
Seeking to Earn the Hornaday Badge




           Prepared for the
Capitol Area Council Hornaday Committee
        www.hornadaybsa.com
             October 2008
HORNADAY BADGE HANDBOOK



 A Guide for Scouts in the Capitol
 Area Council Seeking to Earn the
        Hornaday Badge




            October 2008
Only by striving to better our planet can we truly hope to better ourselves.

Contained in this pamphlet are all the information and resources needed to
begin work on this prestigious award.



      “Treat the earth well: it was not given to you by your parents,
       it was loaned to you by your children. We do not inherit the
        Earth from our Ancestors; we borrow it from our Children.”
                                                          Native American Proverb
                            INTRODUCTION
This Handbook has been developed so that young men and women may
achieve a higher learning in the principles of ecology, wildlife protection,
and natural resource conservation. It was prepared for the very specific
purpose of guiding Boy Scouts in the Capitol Area Council (CAC) whose
goal is to earn the Hornaday Badge in conjunction with completing their
Eagle service project. The authors hope it accomplishes that purpose. The
information on Council procedures was correct at the time of publication
in 2008. You may want to check with the Council Conservation Committee
for any changes since that time.
For those Scouts who are not in the Capitol Area Council, not doing their
Hornaday project in conjunction with their Eagle service project, or are
seeking a different Hornaday award, we hope the information will be
useful, but we offer no assurance that specific information in this
Handbook will be correct in your situation. Before starting any of the
awards, be sure to check with your Council Committee for any other rules
and regulations that may or may not apply to you.
For those seeking a Hornaday medal please note that medal projects are
reviewed and approved by the National Hornaday Committee, not by the
Council Committee. Your Council Committee can assist you with the
national approval process, but the Scout is responsible for obtaining
approval of his projects.
There is a CAC Hornaday web site: www.hornadaybsa.org. You will find
information there on how to contact the current members of the
Hornaday Committee about a prospective project. All of the forms found
in this Handbook are available as WORD and PDF documents on the web
site. The most recent version of the Handbook itself is also available
there. If you have comments or suggestions on how the Handbook can be
improved, you can offer them through the web site.
The web site also has the information and on-line registration for the
semi-annual Hornaday Weekends sponsored by the Committee at Lost
Pines Scout Reservation near Bastrop. Hornaday weekends begin on the
third Friday of October and April. There are twenty Merit Badges in the
Hornaday Awards program. Every weekend, classes are conducted
covering all of these badges, and are taught by adult professionals in
their respective fields. The web site indicates which requirements of each
badge can be completed during the weekend. There are also
opportunities during each weekend to review potential or approved
projects with Committee members. Many of the merit badge instructors
are affiliated with government agencies that are potential sponsoring
organizations for projects; creating networking opportunities.
This Handbook is organized as three chapters and a series of Appendixes.
Chapter One describes the origins of the Hornaday program and its
relationship to the goals and values of Scouting. Chapter Two is a detailed
discussion of the process and procedures by which a Scout earns the
Hornaday Badge. Forms referenced in this chapter are found in the
appendices. Chapter Three is a case study of a successful CAC Hornaday
project.
                      ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The CAC Hornaday Committee was organized in 2005 by Brian McClure,
Jeffrey Fry, and Gerry Beathard. At the time of publication, the
Committee has grown to the members listed below. Since the Committee
began to organize the program, a number of informational documents
and slide presentations have been developed by Committee members. In
preparing this Handbook, we have drawn freely from these materials.
The principal author of this Handbook is Josh Rutenberg. Josh earned his
Hornaday Badge and became an Eagle Scout in 2005. He was a member
of Troop 28 and Venture Crews 36, 911, and 1441. He is currently
attending Rice University where he plans to major in Environmental
Science. Josh’s Hornaday project is the subject of the case study in
Chapter Three.
This Handbook was developed as a Wood Badge Ticket Item from SR-833
(Fall 2007). It has been a pleasure to work with Josh Rutenberg and the
members of the CAC Hornaday Committee on this project. While a
number of scouters have been kind enough to review and comment on
the Handbook, any errors are my responsibility.
Ron Luke, Editor
Austin, Texas

           Hornaday Committee Members, October 2008
            Co-Founders: Gerry Beathard, Greg Boyd, Jeffrey Fry,
                        Brian McClure (Chair)
       Committee Members: Heather Ball, Robert Chavez, Hilary Johns,
  Mike Love, Ron Luke, Claire McAdams, John Moore, Kimberly Owens,
              Martin Payne, Billy Russell, Gary Smeltzer
                                  TABLE OF CONTENTS



Chapter One The Hornaday Awards Program ................................................. 1
 Scouting and Conservation....................................................................... 1
 Who Was William Hornaday? .................................................................... 1
 The Origins of the Hornaday Award ........................................................... 2
 Current Awards ...................................................................................... 3
 Scout Awards ......................................................................................... 3
 Badges and Medals ................................................................................. 4
 Unit Award Certificate ............................................................................. 5
 Adult Awards .......................................................................................... 5
 Role of the Capitol Area Council Hornaday Committee ................................. 5
 Additional Information on the Hornaday Program ........................................ 6
Chapter Two Earning the Hornaday Badge .................................................... 7
 Getting Started....................................................................................... 7
 Advisors and Sponsors ............................................................................ 9
 The Hornaday Advisor ............................................................................. 9
 The Sponsoring Organization .................................................................. 11
 The Conservation Advisor ...................................................................... 12
 The Eagle Advisor ................................................................................. 12
 Choosing a Project ................................................................................ 13
 Sample Projects.................................................................................... 14
 Research ............................................................................................. 16
 Project Proposal.................................................................................... 17
 Project Approval ................................................................................... 18
 Project Planning.................................................................................... 19
 Project Execution .................................................................................. 24
 Application and Approval ....................................................................... 26
 After The Badge ................................................................................... 28
Chapter Three: Case Study of a Soil & Water Conservation Project ............... 30
 Introduction ......................................................................................... 30
 Choosing a Project ................................................................................ 30
 Research ............................................................................................. 31
 The Sponsoring Organization: Hill Country Conservancy ............................ 33
 Project Approval ................................................................................... 36
 Project Planning.................................................................................... 37
 Project Execution .................................................................................. 41
 After The Badge ................................................................................... 49
Appendix A: Hornaday Application Form ..................................................... 51
Appendix B: Applicant’s Checklist .............................................................. 52
                        CHAPTER ONE
                THE HORNADAY AWARDS PROGRAM
                        Scouting and Conservation
         “The nation behaves well if it treats the natural resources as
            assets which it must turn over to the next generation
                   increased, and not impaired, in value.”
                        President Theodore Roosevelt
Conservation and environmental education have always been an
important part of the program of the Boy Scouts of America. Camping,
hiking, canoeing, and a respect for the outdoors are part of the Scouting
heritage. Scouting’s commitment to wise conservation practices is
expressed in the Outdoor Code:
As a citizen of the world, I will do my best to –
   Be   clean in my outdoor manners
   Be   careful with fire
   Be   considerate in the outdoors
   Be   conservation-minded
Conservation and stewardship involve the careful future management and
planning of an area. The goals of conservation and stewardship are to
sustain both natural and cultural resources for the enjoyment and benefit
of all. Each individual has a responsibility to care for the environment in
which he or she lives, including both natural and cultural resources.
                             Scouting actively promotes environmental
                             stewardship by teaching low-impact and no-
                             trace methods of camping and hiking. Scouting
                             encourages young people to be conservation-
                             minded at home, in their communities, and in
                             all other aspects of their lives. The Hornaday
                             program is one of Scouting’s most important
                             programs to encourage and recognize this
                             stewardship by scouts, units, and scouters.

                                     Who Was William Hornaday?
                             Dr. William Temple Hornaday (December 1,
                             1854-March 6, 1937) played a key role in early
                             twentieth-century wildlife awareness and
                             conservation. His efforts resulted in the


                                       1
recovery of several species and educated countless numbers of people
about the importance of environmental awareness.
William T. Hornaday was born in Plainfield, Indiana to William Temple
Hornaday, Sr. and Martha Hornaday. After graduating from Oskaloosa
College, he studied at Iowa State University for two years, learning about
subjects such as botany, forestry, paleontology, and zoology. After his
sophomore year, Hornaday left to join the Natural Science Establishment
of Henry Augustus Ward.
From 1877 to 1878, Hornaday traveled across India and Southeast Asia.
Shortly thereafter, Hornaday was appointed Chief Taxidermist of the
United States National Museum (later known as the Smithsonian
Institute) where he served for 18 years.
Dr. Hornaday established many early environmental organizations,
including the Smithsonian National Zoological Park, located in
Washington, D.C., and authored around 26 different books ranging from
topics of birds and mammals to resource conservation. Dr. Hornaday was
also a co-founder of and the first director of the Bronx Zoo. He stayed on
as director for 30 years.
Of all his contributions, Dr. Hornaday is best known for his efforts in
restoring the population of the American Bison. On the verge of
extinction, the American Bison had little hope for recovery. In 1905, he
co-founded the American Bison Society with Theodore Roosevelt. In
charge of the last few remaining American Bison, Hornaday bred large
groups for several zoos, including a herd for the New York Zoological
Park.
Dr. Hornaday also had a profound impact on wilderness practices within
the Boy Scout of America. Dr. Hornaday spent several years writing
articles for Boy’s Life and authoring sections of The Boy Scout Handbook.
Many of Dr. Hornaday’s thoughts and ideas remain a central part of the
Scouting movement.

                 The Origins of the Hornaday Award
In 1914, Dr. Hornaday created the first Wildlife Protection Medal to be
awarded for individuals with outstanding contributions to the
environment. The award was funded by the New York Zoological Society’s
Permanent Wild life Protection Fund (Association?). Originally, the award
could be earned by anyone, not just Scouts. On June 29, 1917, Mrs.
Margaret Olivia Sage became the first recipient of the Wildlife Protection
Medal. Dr. Hornaday presented the purpose of his awarded in a letter:



                                    2
       “The objects of the annual medal offered by the Permanent
       Wild Life Protection Fund (Association?) to the Boy Scouts of
       America are the following: First, to furnish a lasting token of
         appreciation of valuable services rendered to the wild life
        cause; Second, to attract attention to the duty of the good
       citizen toward wild life, and Third, to develop new leaders in
               the warfare against the destroyers of wild life”
                        Dr. Hornaday, May 1, 1920
A total of five Wildlife Protection Medals were awarded between 1922 and
1937. After Dr. Hornaday’s death in 1937, the award was renamed in his
honor. From 1920 to 1950, no more than one Hornaday Medal was
awarded each year, and for 21 of those years, no medal was awarded.
Although there are, no known records of exactly how many Hornaday
Medals, Badges, and Certificates have been awarded in total, numbers
indicate that approximately 1,200 Medals and Badges have been awarded
since the program’s inception. Since 2000, 25 Silver Hornaday Medals
have been awarded.

                             Current Awards
The current Hornaday program includes awards for scouts, units and
scouters. All the awards are briefly described in the following section.

                              Scout Awards
Scouts, Varsity Scouts, or Venturers may earn the Hornaday Badge and
Medals. All scout awards require the scout to earn certain merit badges
from the following 20 conservation and environmental management merit
badges.


                    Table 1 Hornaday Merit Badges
       Group I                         Group II
    Energy           Bird Study          Nature
    Environmental    Fishing             Nuclear Science
     Science          Gardening           Oceanography
    Fish and         Geology Insect      Plant Study
     Wildlife           Study              Pulp and Paper
     Management       Landscape           Reptile and Amphibian
    Forestry           Architecture        Study
    Public Health    Mammal Study        Weather
    Soil and Water
     Conservation


                                      3
Venturers applying for the Hornaday Badge or Medals may earn the merit
badges or may complete alternative requirements. A Venturer who began
working on his project as a Boy Scout may count merit badges when
applying. In place of merit badges, Venturers must complete the Ecology
and Plant and Wildlife requirements for the Venturing Ranger Award.
Scout awards also require the scout to carry out one or more
conservation projects. Acceptable projects fall in one of eight categories:
   Air and Water Pollution Control
   Energy Conservation
   Fish and Wildlife Management
   Forestry and Range Management
   Hazardous Materials and Waste Disposal
   Invasive Species Control
   Resource Recovery
   Soil and Water Conservation
In addition to the project documentation required on all Hornaday
projects, a Venturer must provide specific information on:
   The research performed in connection with the conservation projects
     undertaken. The relevant research must be cited at the appropriate
     location in the conservation project documentation. A bibliography
     must be provided that lists sources cited. The bibliography must be
     formatted according to established standards.
   The applicant’s entire Hornaday effort. This evaluation, included in the
     application packet in Appendix A, should contain information on
     alternatives considered for each project and an explanation of why
     each specific conservation project was selected, procedures used,
     processes used, staffing levels used, funding requirements, and so
     on.
   The lessons learned. Included in the report in Appendix B, this details
     what the applicant, in hindsight, would do differently on each
     project. The section should include recommended changes in project
     selection; procedures, processes, and staffing levels used; funding
     requirements; and evaluations of project effectiveness over time.

                           Badges and Medals
Hornaday Badge. To earn the Hornaday Badge, scouts must earn three
Merit Badges from Group I, two Merit Badges from Group II, and plan,
lead, and carry out one conservation project
Hornaday Bronze Medal. Scouts need to earn four Merit Badges from
Group I and two Merit Badges from Group II. One of the four Merit


                                     4
Badges from Group I must be Environmental Science. The Scout must
also plan, lead, and carry out three substantial conservation projects,
each from a different category. When completed, the Scout will send in a
neat binder to the National Committee, which meets a few times each
year to discuss recipients. There are no limits on the number of Bronze
Medals awarded each year.
Hornaday Silver Medal. Scouts need to earn all six Merit Badges from
Group I and three Merit Badges from Group II. The Scout must also plan,
lead, and carry out four substantial conservation projects, each from a
different category. When completed, the Scout will send in a neat binder
to the National Committee, which meets a few times a year to discuss
recipients. The number of Silver Medals awarded each year is limited to
six. A Scout who applies for the Silver Medal but fails to receive it may
receive the Bronze Medal instead.

                        Unit Award Certificate
Hornaday Certificate. A Unit (Pack, Troop, Crew, Ship, etc.) may earn a
Hornaday Certificate by fulfilling two requirements. First, the Unit must
plan and carry out one conservation project from any of the project
categories. Second, the Unit must have at least 60% participation from
ALL of its registered youth and adult members in planning and/or carrying
out the project. When completed, the Unit will be awarded a certificate by
the Council Committee.

                             Adult Awards
Gold Badge. A Gold Badge is awarded to an adult who has made
significant contributions to resource conservation at the Council level.
This includes helping others in learning about resource conservation. The
Badge is awarded by the Council Committee.
Gold Medal. A Gold Medal is the highest form of recognition for an Adult
in conservation. Those adults who earn a Gold Medal have typically made
contributions to conservation at the national level for 20 years or more.
The Medal is awarded by the Council.

       Role of the Capitol Area Council Hornaday Committee
The Capital Area Council Hornaday Committee was organized to
encourage and support scouts and scouters in earning Hornaday Awards
as part of the Council’s efforts to teach conservation and environmental
management. Only a small percentage of scouts who become Eagles earn
the Hornaday Badge or a Hornaday Medal. The Committee wants to help
more Eagles become Hornaday Eagles. Earning a Hornaday Award is a

                                    5
great achievement and something to be proud of for life. Hopefully you
too will soon earn this distinguished honor.
The Committee pursues its goal by sponsoring Hornaday Award
Weekends, helping scouts find projects, advisors, and sponsoring
organizations, evaluating applications for awards, and by spreading
information on the program through materials such as this Handbook.
The remainder of this Handbook will explain the steps in completing a
project for the Hornaday Badge and provides a case study of successful
projects completed by scouts in the Council.

         Additional Information on the Hornaday Program
Additional information on the Hornaday Program can be found on the web
sites listed below. Scouts should always obtain parental permission before
visiting any Internet web site.
Capitol Area Council Hornaday Weekend Site:
http://www.hornadaybsa.org
Sam Houston Area Council Site: http://www.conservationbsa.com
Merit Badge Requirements: www.meritbadge.com
National Boy Scouts of America Site:
http://www.scouting.org/Awards/HornadayAwards/awards.aspx
Boy’s Life Article on the Hornaday Awards: “Go Green,” March 2008.
Boy’s Life Magazine. Boy Scouts of America.
Available Online: http://www.boyslife.org/gogreenseries/3965/william-t-
hornaday-awards/
Scouting Magazine Article on Hornaday: Daniel, Douglass K. “A Place to
Thrive,” October 2007. Scouting Magazine. Boy Scouts of America.
Available Online:
http://www.scoutingmagazine.org/issues/0710/index.html
Biography of William T. Hornaday: William Temple Hornaday. University
of Iowa, 2000.
http://www.uiowa.edu/~nathist/Site/explorers%20and%20expeditions/h
ornadaystory.html
Interesting Facts about the Awards: Eby, David L. Hornaday Facts and
Inaccuracies. http://www.usscouts.org/history/hornadayawardfacts.asp




                                    6
                              CHAPTER TWO
                       EARNING THE HORNADAY BADGE

            “A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.”
                                  Ancient Chinese Proverb

                                         Getting Started
Earning the Hornaday Badge may seem like an impossible task at first,
especially when you factor in your commitments to school, community,
and friends. The achievement will be difficult, but that is what makes it
well worth the time and effort. Remember, you will be making a real
difference to real people and places.
The easiest way to start is by breaking down large steps into smaller
ones, and by finding people who can assist you in your efforts. The Boy
Scouts of America (BSA) does not expect a Life Scout to know the ins and
outs of conservation and environmental management. The BSA also
understands that carrying out a service project is a learning experience,
and a Scout may make mistakes along the way. However, locating
advisors will allow you to develop an understanding of your project’s
significance, and provide you with the knowledge to help you if you are
stuck.
What is important to understand is how a Hornaday project differs from
an Eagle project. A Hornaday project has several requirements that are
not found in all Eagle service projects. The Hornaday project must
contain:
   Research                              Coverage
   Documentation                         Continuation
   Conservation
These five components are further defined below. They are what will
make your Hornaday project go above and beyond many Eagle projects.
Table 2 is a flowchart of a Hornaday Badge project1 that shows the major
elements and milestones for most, if not all, projects. We suggest you
take a minute to study this chart before reading further. The rest of this
chapter is a more in-depth description of the elements on the flow chart.


1 2008; by Josh Rutenberg, from a 2008 flowchart by Claire McAdams, based on a 2006 flowchart by Hilary
Johns based on www.scouting.org Eagle Scout Leadership Service Project Workbook (www.nesa.org); and
Requirements and Awards Application with Conservation Committee and Adviser Guidelines for William T.
Hornaday Awards for Distinguished Service to Natural Resource Conservation (Pub 21-107, 2005, BSA, P.O.
Box 152079, Irving, TX 75015).


                                                    7
Table 2: The William T. Hornaday Awards Process




                       8
Keep your Hornaday Conservation Adviser (the person you choose to
work with at the agency or organization with which you are doing your
project), your BSA Unit Leader (Scoutmaster), your Unit
Commissioner, and your District and Council Hornaday Committee
informed throughout this process
Keep in mind that a Hornaday project takes longer to complete than
many Eagle projects, so get started early and start planning! Projects
often take six months or more just for planning. Be careful not to wait
until the last minute!

                        Advisors and Sponsors
Every Hornaday project is a team effort. Before the Scout recruits and
leads the team that carries out the project, he must recruit a team of
advisors and a sponsoring organization Table 3 identifies the project
advisory group and summarizes the role of each position. Because we
assume the Scout will use the same project to satisfy Eagle and
Hornaday Badge requirements, the troop and district Eagle advisors
are considered part of this team.
                       The Hornaday Advisor
One of the first and most important steps you will take is selecting a
Hornaday advisor. You cannot formally begin the Hornaday process
until you have an approved advisor. A Hornaday Advisor is an adult
who understands the requirements and process of the Hornaday Badge
and is there to guide you through that process and point out any
possible problems with your project satisfying all requirements. The
Hornaday Advisor is not expected to have technical or professional
expertise regarding your project or to have any formal relationship
with the sponsoring organization.
The Council Conservation Committee (CCC) will approve a Hornaday
Advisor that you nominate for your project, or assign an advisor. The
Hornaday Advisor will often be a member of the Hornaday Committee
or of the Council Conservation Committee, although this is not a
formal requirement. While it is possible that your troop Eagle project
advisor can serve as your Hornaday Advisor, this should be discussed
with the CCC as not all Eagle project advisors will be familiar with the
Hornaday project requirements and process. To find an Advisor, talk
with the CCC. Information on how to contact the CCC for Capitol Area
Council can be found at www.hornadaybsa.org.




                                    9
                Table 3 Project Advisory Group
Candidate          Develops project ideas
                   Plans and researches possible projects
                   Documents all aspects of the project
                   Obtains all labor and materials needed
                   Keeps track of budget information
                   Completes Eagle and Hornaday workbooks
                   Contacts media for publicity
                   Ensures continuation of the project
                   Contacts Advisors as needed
Troop              Facilitates the Candidate’s application process
Advancement          for Eagle
Chair              Assists the Candidate in any questions he may
                     have about the Eagle application process
                   Discusses Eagle project ideas with the
                     Candidate
                   Sets up Candidate’s Eagle Board of Review
Eagle Advisor      Ensures the Candidate has a well-thought-
                     out, well organized, meaningful Eagle project
Hornaday           Facilitates the Candidate’s application process
Advisor              for Hornaday
                   Assists the Candidate in any questions he may
                     have about the Hornaday application process
                   Discusses Hornaday project ideas with the
                     Candidate
                   Sets up Candidate’s Hornaday Board of
                     Review
Conservation       Preferably a Conservation professional or an
Advisor              individual involved in conservation efforts
                   Helps the Candidate select an appropriate
                     conservation project
                   Guides the Candidate on how to properly
                     research and document information
                   Introduces the Candidate to his role in the
                     bigger picture on conservation
Sponsoring         Provides a location at which to carry out the
Organization         project
                   Provides assistance in finding materials when
                     requested
                   Assists in giving the Candidate outlets for
                     publicity



                                10
By talking with your Hornaday Advisor, you may come to a better
understanding of your personal role in natural resource conservation
and the environmental movement. The Hornaday Advisor can help a
Scout in several ways. First, a Hornaday Advisor can help you evaluate
project ideas and select a project. If you have difficulty finding a
sponsoring organization, your Advisor may be able to make
suggestions and point you in the right direction. Second, your
Hornaday Advisor can give you periodic feedback on your project plan
and any shortcomings in meeting requirements.
                    The Sponsoring Organization
Once you have a Hornaday Advisor, the next step is to find a
sponsoring organization. The sponsoring organization will be the
organization that owns or controls the resource on which you carry out
your project. Sponsoring organizations can be federal or state
agencies, cities, counties, schools or private landowners. In Texas,
examples of organizations include the Lower Colorado River Authority
(LCRA), Texas Parks and Wildlife, the Hill Country Conservancy, the
Heritage Society of Austin, the University of Texas at Austin, Texas
A&M, and many others. Be sure the Sponsoring organization will
satisfy Eagle service project requirements.
Boy Scouts and Venturers are eager to help resource management
agencies care for the environment. Scouts are active participants in
outdoor activities and want to become involved in projects that are
good for the land, air and water. They are enthusiastic about doing
their part in caring for our natural resources.
Projects that involve Scouts in the protection and conservation of
natural resources often allow agencies to complete conservation work
that could otherwise be difficult due to budget and staffing constraints.
This is especially true for private non-profit organizations. Scouts are a
very creative and dependable work force. Hands-on participation in
conservation projects can inspire Scouts to become lifelong stewards
of the land.
Conservation efforts made possible by agency partnerships can give
you an effective way to practice the environmental messages you
learned in Scouting. Frequently, you will find that agency personnel
were at one time scouts themselves.
Most agencies have volunteer coordinators or other field personnel
who will work with Scouts. Working with Scouts may be a new
experience for some agencies. It may be helpful for the Scout to
provide the agency with information about the Scouting program and
the value of conservation partnership.
                                    11
                      The Conservation Advisor
A Conservation Advisor is an individual who represents or works with
the sponsoring organization. The Conservation Advisor will guide you
through available projects, the purposes of those projects, and the
amount of labor and materials each project will require.
A Conservation Advisor will have a firm background in, and
understanding of, conservation practices. Once you have worked with
your Troop and Hornaday Advisor to decide on a project, the
Conservation Advisor will instruct you on the importance of the
project, who or what it benefits from it, and how the project will
accomplish this. However, it is still your task to properly research the
project and find possible solutions. The Advisor is never a substitute
for research. One of the Conservation Advisor’s main roles is to
introduce you into the larger picture of resource conservation, by
facilitating your ability to understand the important part you play.
One of the Advisor’s roles is to provide the Scout with project-related
coaching and facilitation. This might include discussing various project
options, possible resources, instructing the Scout how to research the
internet for project-related agencies, or how to find and communicate
with the appropriate contact within an agency. It is your job to figure
out which of these methods are best suited for your project, and the
ramifications that could come from each choice. Figuring out the best
method of instillation may require several meetings between you and
your Conservation Advisor.

                          The Eagle Advisor
The final member of your Hornaday Award project advisory team is
your Eagle Service Project Advisor. Assuming you want the same
project to satisfy the Eagle and Hornaday Award requirements, you
must also work with your troop’s Eagle Advisor and make sure that
you have completed all the required documentation and obtained all
the necessary signatures for project approval and project completion.
Each troop and district has its own expectations for what makes an
acceptable Eagle project. While it would be unusual for a project to
meet Hornaday Award requirements and not satisfy the troop or
district’s requirements, it could happen. If necessary, arrange
meetings that include your Hornaday and Eagle Advisors to reach
agreement on the project.




                                   12
                          Choosing a Project
The badge requires the Scout to conduct a “significant and unique”
conservation project in a field of conservation. Picking a suitable
project is one of the first difficult steps for the Scout to overcome.
There is no set rule for what makes a project “significant and unique.”
The project must be “significant” enough without being of such a scale
that it totally overwhelms the Scout. Certainly, Dr. Hornaday was
looking for that outstanding youth whose actions were truly worthy of
note. The criteria used for Eagle Scout service projects to have a long
lasting benefit for church, school, or community may be a good one to
follow here as well. As Dr. Hornaday stated, “actual results … count
heavily” in determining the significance of a project.
A project must fit into one of the eight project categories. Some
generic types of projects may be able to fit into several different
categories, depending on specific local circumstances. For instance, a
trail reconstruction project may fit in soil and water conservation if it
was done to address erosion, fish and wildlife management if it was
done to reduce the impacts of human intervention into critical habitat,
or may not be a Hornaday project at all if it was not done to address
an environmental problem but rather only for recreational access. On
the other hand, several projects may be very closely related. For
instance, a specific site may be able to support separate projects in
forestry and range management, soil and water conservation, and air
and water pollution control. Each project must be able to stand on its
own and specific work items cannot be double counted in the different
projects.
The CCC will ultimately review each project as part of the Hornaday
Award application. Committee members will base their judgments on
the work accomplished relative to the applicant’s age. The decisions
are based on several principal factors:
   How much the applicant has actually contributed to the
     improvement or better management of natural resources and the
     environment, and the extent to which the applicant has learned
     from that experience.
   The leadership the applicant has demonstrated in the planning and
     execution of the project(s).
   The extent to which the applicant has encouraged others to plan,
     understand, appreciate, and practice sound conservation and
     protection methods.
These factors should be considered when selecting a project.


                                    13
While we do not precisely define “significant and unique,” it might help
if we look at the same project executed two different ways.
In one case, a Scout gets some of the members of his or her unit to go
out and plant a few hundred seedlings in an old burned-over area.
In another, the Scout does some research into why the area has not
naturally regenerated and what native species are common to the
area. Then the Scout conducts an inventory. He then finds a good,
reliable source for those native plants, designs a tree planting event,
and through flyers, radio spots, newspaper articles, etc. gets the
community to turn out with their unit and plant those same few
hundred seedlings. Then, the following year, he goes back to the area
to document survival to see if replanting may be needed.
The actual results (planting the seedlings) for these two projects are
the same. Some reviewers may consider both significant. However,
the second example stands out in several areas. It would have a better
chance of successfully passing any review it may face, and results in
better education of the Scout, the unit, and the community.

                           Sample Projects
There are eight categories of Hornaday Projects. Each of these
categories covers a broad range of projects. Sometimes a project may
fall into multiple categories. Knowing what category your projects fall
into is important. Your project must fit into at least on of the eight
categories to qualify as a Hornaday project. It is very important to
understand which category your project falls into so you can get a
better idea of your project’s impact and give you a path to follow when
performing research.
The case study in Chapter Three of this Handbook describes the
process for choosing a project in detail. It also shows how an initial
idea may not turn out to be the project ultimately chosen. Here are
examples of potential project in each of the eight categories.
Energy Conservation. Work with adults in the sponsoring
organization to conduct an energy audit of the home of a low-income
family, preparatory to weatherizing it for energy conservation.
Determine the materials needed and their costs. Help organize a
workforce and undertake the needed improvements over several
weekends. This effort should be part of the chartered organization's
community outreach. Record the long-term impact by analyzing utility
savings.



                                   14
Soil and Water Conservation. Work with a local park authority to
develop and maintain trails and paths, control stream bank erosion
(with water bars, ripraps, grass and shrub planting), conduct a wildlife
census, and "adopt" a stream.
Fish and Wildlife Management. With advice and assistance from
state conservation department officials, introduce carp and catfish into
algae-choked farm ponds to help reduce the algae load. Build nesting
boxes and set them out for waterfowl. Plant hundreds of trees for
windbreaks in at least 10 fields for wildlife habitat and to help control
soil erosion. Plant native grasses that benefit wildlife. Using a portable
puppet theater, make presentations on fish and wildlife conservation
to young children.
Forestry and Range Management. Work with a range specialist to
collect, analyze, plant, and maintain trees and native grasses suitable
to the local environment to control erosion and provide wildlife
habitats. Record the short-term and long-term impacts.
Resource Recovery (Recycling). Design a survey of fellow students
to discover recycling and pollution-prevention opportunities in the
school. This could include activities such as recycling high-grade paper,
reusing some paper products in the classroom, making use of
disposable materials from the school cafeteria, and collecting glass and
recyclable metal containers. Present the findings of the survey to
school administrators and the school board. Achieve, as a result, the
launch of an innovative recycling program in your school that delivers
considerable dollar savings to the system with strong student, teacher,
and school administrator support.
Air and Water Pollution Control. Work on a legislator's staff to draft
legislation and encourage enactment of state laws that require the
planting of trees along all state highway rights-of-way to assist in
reducing motor-vehicle air pollution, as well as filtering silt and many
toxic substances.
Hazardous Material Disposal and Management. Working with local
environmental officials, design and organize a program in which
special plastic bags to dispose of hazardous materials are distributed
by Scouts to homeowners. The homeowners are asked to bag and
deposit their used household batteries at special locations operated by
city hazardous waste officials for appropriate disposal. Scouts design
the informational brochure and run the public information campaign to
explain the environmental problems created by household batteries.
The program reduces serious discharge of pollutants by the local waste
incinerator.

                                    15
Invasive Species Control. Working with a land-management agency
or organization, help control or eliminate exotic plant or animal species
that pose a threat to native species. Educate others to recognize
invasive species and to conserve and protect our native plant and
animal heritage.
Other good ideas for projects may be found in the publications and
pamphlets of groups such as the National Audubon Society, the Izaak
Walton League, the National Wildlife Federation, or governmental
agencies including the Environmental Protection Agency, US Forest
Service, Army Corps of Engineers, Bureau of Land Management, Fish
and Wildlife Service, National Park Service, state natural resource
conservation agencies, and state cooperative extension services.
Always discuss project ideas with your Eagle Advisor, your Hornaday
Advisor, and your Conservation Advisor as you go through the
selection process.

                               Research
A fundamental part of the Hornaday program is education. By
educating yourself, you can teach others and possibly even start a
chain reaction. Naturally, your knowledge has to come from
somewhere. Therefore, proper research is an essential component to
every Hornaday project.
As soon as you have your project idea (and possibly even before then)
begin to research all you can about your project. While you do not
have to be an expert on everything, you do want to be knowledgeable
about your project. If you cannot explain the purpose of your project
or how to go about doing it, you cannot expect others to understand
either.
There is a wealth of information at your fingertips covering a wide
variety of subjects. Merit Badge Pamphlets are a good starting point.
Libraries often have wide selections of nature and ecology books in the
science sections. Encyclopedias provide a way to learn about certain
environmental topics. Frequently, libraries carry old newspapers or
geographic studies that can be important in gathering information.
With parental permission, the Internet can be a useful source of
information as well.
Make sure to keep track of all the research you conduct. Properly cite
all of your sources - you will need them to refer back to and they will
need to be included in your final report.



                                   16
                          Project Proposal
After conducting your research and discussing your ideas with your
Eagle Advisors, Hornaday Advisor, and Conservation Advisor, you will
need to create a Project Proposal. A sample Project Proposal may look
like this:
      My proposed Hornaday Project is to stabilize an area of
      riverbank on the shores of Lake Austin. Several areas
      along the riverbank are being eroded away, and the waves
      created by boaters and the steep slope of the shoreline
      disrupt habitats along the riverbank. My project will help
      slow the erosion of the shoreline and provide a gentler
      slope for animals to access the river from the land and
      vice-versa.
      Riverbanks can be stabilized in a number of ways. My plan
      is to build a structure between the river and the land with
      concrete bags and 3x5 inch rock for backfill. This structure
      will follow the curves of the river and “stabilize” the
      riverbank from further erosion. By stair-stepping 2-3 rows
      of concrete bags, the slope will be reduced significantly.
      River water will slowly wet the bags, molding them in place
      over a period of weeks. A backfill of 3x5 inch rocks will
      extend one meter from the shoreline. This will serve to
      prevent further erosion of the shoreline from behind the
      concrete bags, and can provide a suitable habitat for small
      mammals and other creatures.
      Overall, the project will require 10-15 Scouts for moving
      concrete bags and backfill, and 3-7 adults to help with
      supervising the work and
      Handling hazardous equipment or vehicles. I plan to
      contact a building supplies company for donations of
      concrete. In accordance with Hornaday and to ensure the
      success of my project, I will educate others about safety
      and the impact of soil and water conservation on the
      environment. Examples of the safety measures I will teach
      include proper lifting and signs of hypothermia.
      Conservation principles I will teach include the dangers of
      accelerated erosion and why a stable shoreline is
      imperative to local animal habitats.
The Project Proposal should explicitly address the Eagle Service Project
and Hornaday award requirements, specifically the continuation and


                                   17
communication requirements. In this way, the proposal demonstrates
that this is a project that would satisfy all requirements.
Once the Project Proposal has been completed, it can be copied and
sent to your Scoutmaster, Eagle Advisor, Committee Chair, Hornaday
Advisor, sponsoring organization, and Conservation Advisor. Expect
them to have questions and comments and for the Project Proposal to
go through several revisions before it is acceptable to all. This process
uncovers fatal flaws in some proposals and the proposal is rejected. In
that case, the Scout will need to look at other ideas and develop a new
proposal.

                           Project Approval
DO NOT START YOUR PROJECT until you have obtained all of the
necessary signatures for approval. In the Eagle Project Workbook,
there are two pages for signatures. The first, requiring your
Scoutmaster, Troop Eagle Advisor, District Eagle Advisor, and
sponsoring organization MUST be completed prior to your physical
work on the project.
The CCC also provides a form requiring signatures from your Hornaday
Advisor and Conservation Advisor. This form is Appendix A of this
Handbook, and can also be downloaded from the Hornaday website.
Once you have obtained all the necessary signatures, you may begin
working on the physical portion of your project. Upon the completion
of your project, you will be ready to obtain the final signatures of
approval. Use the second signature sheet in the Eagle Workbook,
requiring only signatures from your Scoutmaster, the sponsoring
organization, and your own signature, and obtain the appropriate
approval. After all three sheets have been properly signed, your
workbook will be ready for presentation at a Board of Review -
assuming you have also included all of the proper documentation and
all sections of your workbook have been completed.
It is a good idea to MAKE COPIES of your signatures sheets. Nothing is
more embarrassing and looks more irresponsible than having to ask
your (very busy) Advisors for their signatures a second time. By
making a copy of your signature sheets and keeping them in a safe
place, you ensure that even if your workbook gets lost (which happens
quite frequently), you will be able to submit another immediately and
without any hassle.




                                   18
                           Project Planning
Additional Research. In addition to research you may have
conducted in the beginning to find a project, you will need to set aside
time to look at the more detailed aspects of your project - things like
developing project designs, determining the amount of materials, labor
and equipment you will need, and how to get the funds to support
your project.
Take time to do your research correctly and thoroughly. Visit your
local library, consult knowledgeable individuals, and find credible
websites (your parents and advisors can help you find these websites)
to help you. Do not forget to document all of your research, and take
notes on what you learn.
Technical Design. Before you begin to implement your project, it is
important that you, your advisors, and your work crew have an idea of
what your finished project will look like. Sketching out pictures and
drawing diagrams can help you visualize your final product, and enable
you to see things you may have missed previously. Having visual aides
can also help others understand their tasks and visualize what is
expected of them.
Plotting a design is also a necessity when it comes to being
conservation-minded. You will need to keep in mind the surrounding
community, ecosystems, and environment as you try to implement
your project. You may also run into financial or political concerns as
you propose project ideas. This is where your research comes in: you
should have several different options in mind to carry out your project.
Very rarely is a project completed without some change made in the
process.
Remember the Scout motto: “Be Prepared.” With a design in hand,
you will be more prepared to handle anything that comes your way.
Material, Manpower, and Equipment. A critical part of project
planning is to convert the technical design of your project into a
detailed list of the material, work force, and equipment you will need
to complete the project. Work closely with your Conservation Advisor
to be sure you have identified the quantities of all the materials you
will need. Do not forget to build in a margin of error for spoilage and
for contingencies. You do not want to run out of materials when you
have your work force on site. Most importantly, do not forget
refreshments for your volunteers.
Define the jobs on the project and how many hours it will realistically
take to complete each task. Determine which jobs can be handled by

                                   19
Scouts or other youth and which require adults. When estimating time,
allow for set up, breaks, and the fact that everyone works as hard and
steadily as you might like. How will the hours required to complete the
project vary with the number of workers you are able to recruit?
The equipment needed for each project may include computers, hand
tools, power tools, vehicles, and earthmoving equipment. With the
right equipment, the work will go more smoothly and quickly. If you
overlook important pieces of equipment, you may not be able to
complete the work in the planned time. Err on the side of having more
equipment than you need.
Budgeting. One you have the list of materials and equipment, you
can prepare a budget. This is where you use what you learned when
you earned the Personal Management Merit Badge. Whether you use
paper and pencil or a computer spreadsheet, take the time to develop
a detailed budget.
It is a good idea to start with the assumption that you will have to buy
all materials and rent any equipment except hand tools that you
cannot supply yourself. Once you know how much things cost, you will
know how much money you have to raise and which donated items
would be the most valuable. A sample expense budget is shown in
Table 4. Additional examples of project budgets are found in the case
studies.
Expenditures.

           Table 4 Estimated and Actual Expenditures
         Item          Estimated    Actual Cost Difference
                          Cost
   1 Shovel         $10            $0           $10
                                   (donated)
   100 Seedlings    $500 ($5 per)  $500         $0
   1 Gardening Pail $7             $0           $7
                                   (donated)
   Total            $517           $500         $17


Funding. Finding funds to make a terrific project possible may be a
challenge for a Scout. Some projects may require substantial labor
resources and little financial resources. Others may require significant
financial resources and limited physical resources. Most projects will
fall somewhere in between. Preparing a project budget can be a good
way for a scout to understand the financial requirements that might be
needed to complete a project.
                                   20
Gathering materials can be easy if you are resourceful. Most federal
agencies and parks and wildlife departments have tools and equipment
that you can use with permission. You might own materials, or your
Troop might have equipment available to you.
Some companies will donate items if they know you are doing your
project through Scouts (a non-profit organization). You will benefit
from getting the items you require, and the company can use the
expense as a tax write-off. However, you may need to put in a request
early, sometimes up to a year in advance!
If you need extra cash, look into getting a grant. A grant is money
awarded to an individual specifically for use on a project. Agencies
often give grants to individuals with well-thought-out plans and a labor
force to carry out the project.
Your local Chamber of Commerce may be able to supply names of
businesses and contact people who have contributed funding to similar
projects in the past. Many local businesses are aware of the
contributions made by Scouts in their communities and are often
reliable sources of funding. Do not forget to consider individuals who
have a vested interest in the project or issue and sources who will
donate in-kind materials, services, or information.
Government support for conservation projects comes from a number
of different agencies at local, state, and federal levels. Government
agencies each have formal procedures and their own forms to be
submitted for a funding application. The review process can be
lengthy. Just like applying for a grant, it may take from six months to
a year to have an answer to your request.
Sources and Funds.

                      Table 5 Funding Sources
                       Source                 Amount
         Friends and Family                 $250
         Sponsoring Organization Grant      $100
         Fundraiser                         $150
         Total                              $500
The amount you spend should equal the amount that you receive. If
your expenditures are less than your funds, you have a surplus that
can be used to expand upon the project, returned, or put toward
another Scout’s project. If your expenditures are greater than your
budget, you have a deficit, and will need to find some way to fundraise
to pay for the remaining cost.

                                   21
Scheduling. Several months before you begin the actual project, you
will need to determine a date and time for carrying it out. When
deciding times for a project, keep the following questions in mind: How
many days will you need to complete the project? What will you do
each day? Will you need the entire day, or only a part of it? What will
you do if you are unable to work on of your days?
Scheduling the project can be as important as the physical project
itself. If you are working in the summer months, try working earlier in
the day or later in the evening to stay out of direct sunlight. Avoid
rainy months to prevent adverse weather conditions. Plan on working
in the warmer months if your project involves being in the water.
Weather can also affect seed growth depending on the time of year.
The best way to avoid weather - and other unforeseeable problems - is
to have a back-up day planned in advance. Let everyone know that
which day will be set aside if one of your original days has to be
postponed. Remember the Scout motto: “Be Prepared.”
Recruiting. Of course, you will need a hard-working team of
volunteers to work the equipment. Enlist friends from your Troop,
school, the community, the Order of the Arrow, and any other places
you can think of. Many of these people will jump at the opportunity to
help you, and they are a good resource. When looking for volunteers,
there are limitless possibilities.
It is always a good idea to start within your Troop, since fellow Scouts
will have experience with leadership and working on service projects.
Ask your friends from school, sports teams, clubs, and others in the
community you are close to. The Order of the Arrow has numerous
individuals who will help you in carrying out service projects. If you are
part of a Venture Crew, Sea Scout Ship, or have been to a High
Adventure Base with a crew, you can invite them to your project.
Communication and Coverage. Teaching others is one of the most
effective ways to spread the word about resource conservation. Dr.
Hornaday helped educate others through his books and articles, many
of which were featured by the Boy Scouts.
By finding ways to include publicity in your project, you are expanding
the audience that can be educated by your project. Possible sources of
media include newspapers, television broadcasts, on-line media (i.e.
YouTube), and much more.
Before contacting a media source, determine the Who, What, When,
Where, Why, and How of your project. Who is the person carrying out
this project (you), and who are all of the Packs, Troop, Crews, schools,

                                    22
communities, and other individuals involved in it? What is the project
trying to accomplish that it deserves attention? When is the project
happening, or has it already been completed? Is it an ongoing project?
Where will the project be located, and is its location an important part
of its significance?
Why is the project important to the local community? How does your
project make a difference?
Once you have given these questions plenty of thought, you are ready
to begin writing a press release. A press release is a short statement
(no longer than a page or two) that introduces your project to others
who may be unfamiliar with what you are trying to accomplish. A good
press release is brief, concise, and relates the purpose of your project
in a way that others can understand. Remember, the reason you are
getting media coverage is to teach others. When you teach others,
they will be aware of how better to conserve resources, can pass their
knowledge on to others, and may even carry out similar projects on
their own.
Your project is important. Every action counts and lots of small actions
contribute to big changes. Having a dialog with the community is an
excellent way for you to learn how valuable your efforts are to your
community.
Continuation. The spirit of Hornaday is not about one-time service. In
fact, many projects left alone over time either disappear altogether, or
create negative side effects far worse than the benefits of the original
project. You have to define what continuation means for your project
and create a detailed plan for how the continuation will be
accomplished. Without a plan, good intentions and your commitment
to continuation will be forgotten.
Hornaday is about the management of resource conservation—that is,
keeping up with the conditions of completed projects to ensure that
they benefit future generations. By keeping a close eye on your
project, you can ensure its lasting impact. You can also revise your
project if something goes wrong. As part of your project planning and
research, you will develop a specific continuation component and
decide who will carry it out and how.
Suppose you lead a project to plant 100 trees. After one year, you
come back and find 50 trees remaining - not a bad survival rate. After
two years, you only find 10 trees, and you notice that they look sickly
and weak. Does this mean you failed? Of course not. What it does infer
is that you may need to adjust your original goals and expectations.
Perhaps a different species of tree will survive better in the native
                                   23
soils, or perhaps you need to find a tree that uses less water in a dryer
region. Whatever the case may be, the important part is that you find
a way to look after your project, so it can be enjoyed by several
generations.
Some projects may require more abstract forms of continuation.
Establishing a project based around distributing information, like a
Community Newsletter or a Recycling Program, might require you to
form a club at your school to continue future educational efforts. If
your project includes building a stable structure, the structure itself
may not require maintenance. One way to ensure continuation is to
educate others about the project and its purpose. Bring others to the
project - for a Troop or Den meeting - and give a short talk about what
your project was. You may consider building a kiosk to explain the
significance for you, or installing signs that give a brief description
about what went on. The possibilities are endless.
Documentation. While working on your project, document each step
of the process as you advance. Record all of your hours spent
planning, researching, meeting, and preparing for your project. Many
Scouts focus on the actual time spent in the field working, and often
do not realize all of the preparation, research, negotiation, design,
approvals, etc. that they also completed. Keep any drawings and
sketches of the project you made in order to prepare.
You will need to maintain detailed records of what was done and by
whom, when they did it, who was contacted and for what reason, what
materials were used, and so on. Make sure to record hours for all
individuals present, not just yourself. These records are also helpful in
discussions with professional experts or advisors from the community.
Regular periods of reflection allow the Scouts to evaluate their
projects. Through this process, Scouts can determine whether their
actions are on target or if they need to modify their plans. New
information or unexpected events can affect the project. It is okay to
rethink the project goals and objectives and to revise the action plan if
necessary.

                          Project Execution
Leadership. Many Scouts interested in pursuing a Hornaday Badge
may not have much experience in leadership. To be an effective
leader, one must work to improve one’s skills, take the time to
understand the group, and learn how to apply the appropriate
leadership style for the group and situation.



                                   24
Leadership skills can be divided into three categories: technical skills,
human relations skills, and conceptual skills. Effective leaders combine
these skills in a manner that helps them accomplish their goals.
Technical skills are those that are specific to accomplishing a task.
People with technical skills know how to perform the tasks required to
get the job done. Agency partners often contribute technical skills to a
project.
Human relation skills are those that involve interactions with others.
Human relation skills include good communication skills, the ability to
understand group dynamics, and the ability to inspire and motivate
people and help them feel valued and respected.
Conceptual skills involve the ability to communicate and share a vision.
Conceptual skills involve the ability to analyze, anticipate, and use
critical thinking and problem-solving skills.
Know Your Group. You will want to recruit assistance from fellow
Scouts and others in the community for his or her project. Working
with those that share your ideas and convictions will make the project
run more smoothly. Fellow Scouts who are friends but do not share
the same goals for your project can hinder the project. Choose
volunteers wisely as projects often require a long-term commitment.
Risk Management. Good safety and risk management planning is
essential to provide a safe experience for Scouts and all other
participants.
Safety on the project starts with the leader. The Scout should prepare
a list of safety guidelines and enlist the aid of adult leaders to ensure
safety during the project. If possible, the Scout should visit the project
site with the group before the actual work date to explain the project.
This is a good time to identify and discuss any safety hazards or need
for any special safety equipment such as goggles, gloves, or
sunscreen.
The Scout should enlist the assistance of at least one person who holds
a current certification in First Aid and CPR to be present during the
work phase of the project. The Troop or Crew should have a First Aid
kit that the Scout can use while working on the project.
Weather can pose an immediate and dangerous threat to Scouts.
Consider weather conditions when planning work days, and have a
back-up day in advance. It is far better to reschedule a work day than
to place Scouts at risk.



                                    25
It is the responsibility of the Project Leader to monitor the group. You
need to keep an eye on the energy level of the group. Planning should
include time for breaks and snacks. If participants are tired or bored,
low spirits may threaten safety. It is always preferable to return to the
project site another day rather than risk injury.
Dealing with the Unexpected. You do not have to be familiar with
the book, The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy to understand the
importance of “DON’T PANIC.” These words are good advice, as every
project will eventually meet with obstacles of some sort. Be prepared
to expect the unexpected; after all, it is part of the leadership
experience.
As the leader of your project, it is your responsibility to deal with
changes as needed. It is absolutely fine to consult with adult leaders
and get their input on a situation. Just remember that you make the
final decisions (you are the boss, after all).

                            Documentation
Documentation also refers to a record of the physical project itself.
Arrive before the day of the project to take pictures from all angles.
During the project and after it has been completed, take pictures from
the same or similar angles. Then compare the site before and after,
using the pictures. You can even create a display board to showcase
your project at your Troop. Other forms of documentation include
recognition given to your project from outside sources. Letters are a
common form, especially from the sponsoring organization and the
local community. If your project is featured in a newspaper, obtain a
copy and include it with your final report. Both of these items
document the impact of your project and the attention it has received
from individuals and groups.

                           Communication
Part of project execution is carrying out your communication plan. If
you want press coverage of the project as it is executed, call the
media several times, including the day of the project. Prepare and
circulate your press releases. Write and mail your thank you notes.

                      Application and Approval
Project Workbook. Use the Eagle Project Workbook (available
through the Council Office) to document the project itself. This
includes the project planning, project details, documentation of the
work, budget, any changes you made, and of course, the approval

                                   26
signature pages. This is the core of your Hornaday Workbook as well,
so keep copies of the workbook.
You will need to add several components to the Eagle Workbook in
order to make it a Hornaday Workbook. First, you will need to include
the proper paperwork—the Hornaday signature sheet, the Hornaday
Badge Application, and a list of the Merit Badges you have earned. You
will need to include the research you used in your project (cited
properly). Document beyond that required of an Eagle project. Rather
than just a few photos, include such things as detailed photos from
several angles, letters received from the sponsoring organization,
newspaper articles your project was featured in, and thank you notes.
Your project is a trial, an experiment of sorts, which should be able to
be reproduced by other Scouts who wish to carry out a similar project.
With this in mind, documentation becomes a necessity and will be a
major factor in distinguishing an Eagle project from a Hornaday
project.
Sign-off. As previously mentioned, you need to complete a total of
three signature sheets before you submit your name for a Hornaday
Board of Review. Two of the sheets can be found in the Eagle Scout
Workbook. The initial signature sheet, which MUST be complete before
the physical labor of the project occurs, requires approval from the
Scoutmaster, Troop Advancement Chair, District Eagle Advisor, and
sponsoring organization. The second signature sheet in the Eagle
Workbook is to be completed immediately after the project has been
finished, with signatures once again from the Troop Advancement
Chair and the sponsoring organization, along with your signature.
The Hornaday signature sheet is included in this Handbook and will be
available from your CCC. See Appendix A. The sheet requires
signatures from your Hornaday Advisor and your Conservation
Advisor.
In addition to signature sheets, the Hornaday Badge has an application
of its own that must be submitted to the Council by your Hornaday
Advisor. It consists of four sheets (also included in this Handbook as
Appendix A or available through the CCC) that ask for your Merit
Badge history, a description of your project, and signatures from each
individual who also signed off on your Eagle approval sheets.
Hornaday and Eagle Boards of Review. Congratulations! The
hardest part is over, and you have made it to your Board of Review.
Well, technically, your Boards of Review. Eagle and Hornaday Boards
are completely separate boards. Your Troop Advancement Chair will
work with you to set up your Eagle Board while you work with your
                                   27
Hornaday Advisor to set up a Hornaday Board. So what can you expect
from each one, and how can you best prepare yourself?
First, let us look at the Eagle Board of Review. The Board itself consists
of your District Eagle Advisor, a Chairperson, and individuals you
select from your religious institution, community, and workplace. It
will be a total of between three and six people. These men and women
will ask you about your entire Scouting experience, from Cub Scouts to
Life Scout and beyond. The Board will ask you about your interaction
with the community, the service you have performed, your
involvement with your faith, and your plans for the future, among
other things. Overall, an Eagle Board of Review focuses on your
Scouting career.
A Hornaday Board of Review has slightly different objectives. First, it
will consist of approximately three representatives from the Council
Conservation Committee. These men and women will want to know
more about your project than your entire Scouting career. You should
be able to explain exactly how your project is involved in resource
conservation, its environmental impact, and the goals you have in
mind for your project to accomplish. Be prepared to list all of the
research you did in preparation for the project, and all of the
documentation you took (which should already be included in your
Hornaday Workbook). The Committee will ask you how you publicized
your project, how you educated others, and how you plan on fulfilling
the continuation aspect of your project. Unlike your Eagle Board, which
will treat your Eagle project as a leadership experience, the Hornaday
Board will focus more on the conservation-impact aspect of your
project.

                           After The Badge
You have completed all the requirements for the Badge. Paperwork
has been submitted, and now it is just a matter of waiting until the
Badge gets delivered to your Troop. There is nothing more you can
do…
Or is there?
Continuation. You are on your honor, Scout’s honor, to carry out
your continuation plan. If someone else was responsible for carrying
out the continuation, you should verify that they did.
Giving Back. Now that you have earned the title of a Hornaday Badge
recipient, you have an important duty. You are a role model for others
to follow. Wear the badge on your uniform with pride. Younger boys
will want to know what it stands for, and how you got it.
                                    28
Help out as a peer advisor in your Troop. Your friends will be working
on their Eagle projects soon, and they will need project ideas. They
may even want to know how they can earn Hornaday Badges for
themselves. And you, being the wise and experienced person you are,
will be able to help them. You have had the firsthand experience, from
start to finish, of the Hornaday process.
If you are interested in helping others with their Hornaday projects,
you can also act as a Hornaday Representative within your Troop. A
Hornaday Representative directs Scouts in need of Hornaday Advisors
and Conservation Advisors to the appropriate people. Since you have
already worked on a project, you should be familiar with some
Hornaday Advisors and Conservation Advisors already.
Of course, if you still have an interest in actively conserving resources,
then perhaps you will work toward your Bronze or Silver Medal.
Earning a Medal is much harder than earning the Badge, but with
perseverance, hard work, and a little luck, you can get there.
Whatever you choose to do, we hope you continue to involve
conservation in your life. What we do today can last a lifetime, or
longer.




                                    29
                   CHAPTER THREE:
                 CASE STUDY OF A SOIL
             & WATER CONSERVATION PROJECT
                              Introduction
My name is Josh Rutenberg and I am an Eagle Scout and Hornaday
Badge Recipient from Troop 28. My Troop is chartered to Congregation
Agudas Achim, and is located in North Austin. I earned the rank of Life
in 2003, and in 2005, I began work on my Eagle project.
I knew I wanted to earn my Hornaday Badge, but I did not know how
to get there. This case study is about the process I went through to
earn my Hornaday Badge, beginning, like many Hornaday recipients,
as a Life Scout with little experience in conservation awareness. By
attending summer camps between 2002 and 2004, I had earned the
Energy, Environmental Science, and Soil and Water Conservation Merit
Badges required for Group 1, and the Geology and Weather Merit
Badges from Group 2. Table 6 is a timeline of the project I used to
satisfy requirements for my Eagle Service project and my Hornaday
Badge project.

                          Choosing a Project
After earning the rank of Life Scout in 2003, I decided to postpone
working on my Eagle project so I could further my leadership
experience and take time to observe different Eagle projects. During
the summer of 2004, I spent time talking with experts at wildlife
refuges and nature preserves, exploring possible trail building,
forestry, and wildlife protection projects. My parents suggested a
xeriscaping project - planting flowers and trees that require little or no
extra water than what the natural habitat provides. However, I was
unable to find an organization to work with on my own.
As more and more ideas began to form, I decided it was time to take
the first steps of my Eagle service project. In February of 2005, I
contacted the Troop Advancement Chair, and informed him of my
interest in carrying out an Eagle project. Keeping in mind my goal to
earn the Hornaday Badge, I focused on identifying a project that would
fulfill both the Hornaday and Eagle project requirements.
Soon after the Troop Advancement Chair and I had informed the
Scoutmaster that I would be working on my project, I sought out a
sponsoring organization. The Troop Advancement Chair then directed
me to the Longhorn District Eagle Advisor. By March, I had contacted

                                    30
the District Advisor for approval and I had narrowed my list to just a
handful of potential projects. After I contacted my Troop Advancement
Chair and Eagle Advisor, I could proceed with selecting an Eagle
project.
In March of 2005, while running into dead-ends for sponsoring
organizations, I found a phone number for a Conservation Advisor on
the District website. I contacted Mr. Nalle, a member of the Hill
Country Conservancy, and asked him if the Conservancy had any
conservation projects I could lead. Mr. Nalle happily accepted my offer
and we set up a meeting time to discuss project ideas.

                               Research
In finding a project that appealed to me, I considered xeriscaping,
habitat restoration, trail building, and several other options. After
settling on riverbank stabilization with Mr. Nalle, I found three or four
other projects similar to mine others had completed. From these I saw
different approaches and techniques for building the stabilizer, and
how the method of instillation affected the surrounding environment.
It was from this research and Mr. Nalle’s advice that I decided to
backfill the stabilizer with rock. From day one, research played a major
role in the decisions I made.
Between April and October of 2005, Mr. Nalle and I went back and
forth discussing my project. I told Mr. Nalle of my interest in
conservation and the Hornaday Badge, and he showed me several
suitable conservation efforts in progress. Several on-going projects,
including brush clearing, building birdhouses for threatened species in
the area, and habitat protection, were very appealing. One in
particular though, riverbank stabilization, caught my attention. After
inspecting a part of the riverbank with an erosion problem, I went
home and researched erosion and riverbank stabilization.
For one hour a week from March to August, I searched for stabilization
projects implemented by others to learn the processes and materials
they used, and their overall success. I found organizations and people
all across the country who were implementing similar projects hoping
for achieving similar results. From their work, I developed my own
plan to stabilize the riverbank, which materials to use, and how many
people would be needed. Most important, I realized that I would need
concrete in mesh liners, because regular concrete bags would dissolve
too quickly and disperse the concrete before it hardened. I found a
company called Quikrete that supplied mesh-lined concrete, and was
able to place an order through Lowe’s.


                                   31
      Table 6 Timeline for Shoreline Stabilization Project
2003
Earned rank of Life Scout
2005
CHOOSING A PROJECT
March - Began researching projects and recruited advisors
April 3rd - First meeting with Conservation Advisor
May-August - Conducted research on different projects and their
impacts
August 7th - 2nd Meeting with Conservation Advisor
August 24th - Confirmed project with Scoutmaster
September 4th
Obtained approval from Troop Advancement Chair and District Eagle
       Advisor for project as Eagle service project.
Obtained approval from Hornaday Advisor, Conservation Advisor and
       Sponsoring organization for project as Hornaday Badge project.
PROJECT PLANNING
September
Researched and determined materials, equipment and labor needed
Scheduled my project date on the Troop Calendar
Planned purchase of materials
Drafted a Technical Design
Made lists of volunteers
Gave a presentation to Scouts
October 1st - Third meeting with Conservation Advisor
PROJECT EXECUTION
October 8th - Day 1 of Project
October 9th - Day 2 of Project
September-October - Wrote and submitted a news article to 9 papers
October 27th - Westlake Picayune runs the article
November 4th - Jewish Outlook runs the article
APPLICATION AND APPROVAL
November 12th - Final Approval from Scoutmaster
Final Approval from sponsoring organization
December - Board of Review held at Lost Pines Scout Reservation
2006
March - Hornaday Award presented during Eagle Scout Court of Honor




                                 32
     The Sponsoring Organization: Hill Country Conservancy2
The Hill Country Conservancy is a nonprofit land trust committed to
preserving the natural beauty and open spaces of the Texas Hill
Country - forever. The Hill Country Conservancy works to ensure a
healthy environment and economy in the Barton Springs Edwards
Aquifer region by preserving natural areas, scenic vistas, rivers and
streams, working farms and ranches, and the rural heritage of the
Texas Hill Country for generations to come. You can visit its website at
http://www.hillcountryconservancy.org/. It is an affiliate of The Nature
Conservancy, an organization that protects more than 117 million
acres of land and 5,000 miles of rivers, and operates more than 100
marine conservation projects globally. The Nature Conservancy web
site is http://www.nature.org.
My project took place at the Bunny Run Nature Preserve - an area of
land protected by the Hill Country Conservancy. Situated on the banks
of the Colorado River on Lake Austin, the 35-acre Nalle Bunny Run
Wildlife Preserve is not only an environmental treasure, but an
important habitat restoration project as well. The preserve was
donated to Hill Country Conservancy in December 2000 and is named
for Anne Byrd Nalle. Mrs. Nalle had wished for years to preserve her
beloved "Bunny Run" for the public to enjoy. Her strong conservation
ethic inspired her husband, "Tex," and son, Bill, to join her in donating
the land to Hill Country Conservancy. Bill and his wife, Christie, still
live on adjoining land and partner with Hill Country Conservancy to
manage the preserve. The following maps show the location and
boundaries of the preserve. The location of my project is also indicated
with the red flag marked as A on the maps.
The Nalle Bunny Run Wildlife Preserve has, as its central mission, the
enhancement of wildlife habitat—removing brush and replanting the
land with native grasses, understory plants, and trees will enhance
water quality on the site and support even more diverse animal
populations. Hill Country Conservancy volunteers, Boy Scout troops,
and others regularly help with restoration projects.




2
 The information in this section draws freely from the information posted on the Hill Country Conservancy
website. All statements and pictures in this section belong to the Hill Country Conservancy and its
partnering organizations.

                                                   33
       Texas with the Texas Hill Country Defined




Nalle Bunny Run Wildlife Preserve View from Google Maps

                          34
     Nalle Bunny Run Wildlife Preserve




Nalle Bunny Run Wildlife Preserve Aerial View



                     35
The land also serves as an important "bridge" between the Balcones
Canyonlands Preserve to the north and Wild Basin Wilderness Preserve
to the south. These preserves provide habitat for rare, endangered, or
threatened species, especially the golden-cheeked warbler and the
black-capped vireo. The Nalle Bunny Run Wildlife Preserve is managed
primarily for the benefit of songbirds, small mammals, and migratory,
wintering, and breeding waterfowl. The following photos give a sense
of the shoreline and upland terrain of the preserve.




The Preserve borders Lake            My project took place along the
Austin and is home to a large        shoreline, where heavy erosion
variety of wildlife.                 from boat traffic caused the
                                     shoreline to recede.

                          Project Approval
Mr. Nalle and I defined Riverbank Stabilization as creating a
permanent structure that would significantly slow riverbank erosion in
the area. This fit well into the Hornaday project category of Soil and
Water Conservation. The primary purpose of the project would be to
break up waves from boats along Lake Austin, leaving the riverbank
undisturbed. The project would also provide a more suitable habitat for
fishes, reptiles, and amphibians and help restore stability to exposed
tree roots.
I determined that my project dealt with both soil on the shore and
water in the river, so it fit well as a Soil and Water Conservation
project. The primary effect of the stabilizer is to prevent accelerated
erosion from cutting deeper into the shoreline and destroying more
animal habitat (not to mention the dangerously exposed tree roots).
Secondary effects include providing habitats for small mammals and
reptiles, and a smoother slope for animals needing to reach water. The
riverbank stabilization also protected tree roots from further exposure,
allowing the roots to regain stability and, consequently, further reduce
erosion.

                                   36
I then discussed possible dates for my project with Mr. Nalle and my
Scoutmaster. We decided that October 8th-10th would be best, before
the river would be too cold to work in and with an extra day on
Monday (Columbus Day), in case a problem occurred on Saturday or
Sunday.
By this point, I had begun to meet with my Hornaday Advisor, Mr.
McClure. My biggest concern was how to incorporate the coverage and
continuation requirements for a Hornaday project into the Bunny Run
project. Mr. McClure outlined several possibilities and we determined
which ones would be feasible and which ones would not.
Satisfying the Continuation requirement seemed easy enough at first,
since my project was a self-contained structure requiring little upkeep.
However, that was not significant enough to satisfy the ideals of
Hornaday. Instead, I opted to educate others in my Troop and
community about the project. Word of mouth is a great opportunity to
provide Continuation and lasts long after the physical labor is
completed.
For the Coverage portion of my project, we agreed that local
newspapers could spread the word very effectively. I decided to write
a press release covering the Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How
of my project and distribute the release to an agreed list of
newspapers.

                          Project Planning
Technical Design. Below are some schematics I sketched for my
project.
Materials. In its present condition, the riverbank was a sheer “drop-
off” with no slope between the shoreline and the river. My technical
plan was to place concrete bags in a stair-stepped manner that
followed the natural curves of the riverbank. The remaining erosion
hazard area between the bags and the riverbank would be backfilled
with crushed rock.
I developed the following list of materials necessary to execute the
plan.
   Three pallets (60 bags total, 80 lb each) of “Quikrete: Rip-Rap”
     brand concrete (with plastic mesh liners to prevent premature
     hardening)
   One dump truck load of 3 x 5-inch rock (approximately eight cubic
     yards)
   One first aid kit

                                   37
   One food cooler
   Two bags of ice
   Sunscreen




Equipment. Although my project was not equipment intensive (we
relied on physical strength to transport concrete), it did require two
important items. First, we needed a way to carry the rock, which was
stationed at a central location, to the far edges of the riverbank in an
efficient manner. To accomplish this, I procured ten 20-gallon buckets.
In addition, for safety and ease of all participants, I purchased 20 pairs
of gloves to be used for handling concrete and rocks.
Labor. I estimated I would need about 20 Scouts and five or six adults
to accomplish the project in two or three days. Some of the tasks
would require older Scouts while some could be done by Scouts of any
age.
Budget and Funding. I initially approached Lowe’s and asked them
to donate the concrete. Lowe’s could not donate any of the necessary
concrete, so I sent in a letter to the Conservancy requesting funding
for my project. I received a $250 grant that I then used to buy half of
the concrete. To obtain the other $250 necessary for purchasing the
remaining concrete, I wrote letters to family and friends asking for

                                    38
donations to help with the rest of the concrete. My request was
answered, and I soon had the money to buy all the remaining
concrete.
In addition to providing funds for concrete, Mr. Nalle (on behalf of the
Conservancy) also arranged for all eight cubic yards of backfill to be
purchased and delivered to the project site. The Conservancy located
and then purchased the rock with its own funds.
Some of the five-gallon buckets that we used to carry the backfill were
donated by friends, and the remainder were donated by a local bakery.
Gloves, necessary for handling the concrete bags and rocks, were
purchased and donated to Troop 28 for use on other Eagle Scout
projects.
My family provided the food, which included lunch on Saturday, snacks
throughout both days, and drinks for hydrating volunteers. More food
was purchased than expected due to a higher number of participants.
Extra food was also purchased, including items like Gatorade and beef
jerky to give participants the extra energy they needed.
The $250 grant from the Conservancy, along with the donation of
backfill and buckets provided by friends and family largely covered the
overall project expenses, and offset the extra costs for the food.
Excess concrete and backfill were used to extend the length of the
stabilizer by five feet on one side, and to repair an old and degraded
stabilizer protecting another five feet of riverbank. While not
accounted for in the budget, extra time also made it possible to extend
the length of the stabilizer.
All receipts were saved, photocopied, and documented. Receipts were
later used to calculate the final balance for the budget.
Scheduling. My schedule for the project consisted of two main work
days and a back up day (Columbus Day), October 8th-10th. I planned a
full day Saturday, a total of six hours, complete with lunch and
periodic breaks throughout the day. My plan for Sunday was for three
hours in the afternoon. If work on Monday was needed, it would be up
to a six hour day.
The schedule for Saturday involved groups carrying concrete bags to
the river, placing the concrete bags into the river, and, for the younger
Scouts, backfilling the area in-between. I planned to use the time on
Sunday to finish placing concrete bags neatly and efficiently. It also
provided a day to place any remaining concrete. Both younger and
older Scouts would carry backfill to the river on this day. Monday
provided a back-up day for any parts of the project that still needed to

                                   39
be completed. This was imperative, as the concrete bags could only
remain outside a short time before setting permanently.

                            Table 7 Expenditures
         Item               Budget         Cost           Variance
 Concrete Bags w/        $500.00       $500.00           $   0.00
 Liners
 3x5in rock (8 yds^3)    $250.00         Donated         -$250.00
 Buckets                 $ 10.00         $ 5.00          -$ 5.00
 Food and snacks         $100.00         $101.99          $ 1.99
 Gloves                  $ 10.00         $ 6.04          -$ 3.96
 Food Cooler             $ 5.00          Donated         -$ 5.00
 Ice                     $ 2.00          $ 2.00           $ 0.00
 Sunscreen               $ 1.00          Donated         -$ 1.00
 Total                   $868.00         $615.03         -$246.97

                     Table 8 Sources of Funds
              Sources                          Funds
 Hill Country Conservancy         $250 grant
                                  $250 3x5 in rock (eight cubic
                                  yards)
 Family Members                   $250
 Parents                          $110.03
 Friends                          $5 (in donated buckets)
 Total                            $615.03


Recruiting. Over the summer, I compiled a lengthy list of everyone I
thought might be able to help, (numbering in the 50s) including
members of Scout Units I was or had been a member of: Pack 36,
Troops 157 and 28, and Crew 36, along with friends from
McNeil High School, my community, the Tonkawa Lodge of the Order
of the Arrow, and Scouts from my Philmont trek. I estimated that I
would require between 10 and 20 individuals to complete my project
over a period of two days. In August, I created an email list that I
used to inform people of dates, times, and other important
information.
To properly prepare those working from my Troop, I set aside time in
a September Troop meeting (about 10 minutes after the closing) and
gave a brief oral presentation on the Hornaday program, the purpose
of my project, and the plan for implementing the project. The day of
my project, I spent the first half hour outlining the purpose of my

                                  40
project again, focusing on the importance of its lasting environmental
impact
About 30 individuals, youths and adults, volunteered to help work on
my project. I started sending emails and following up with phone calls
in August, and continued throughout September and early October. All
those on the list, along with some last-minute volunteers, showed up
on one (or both) of the days ready and prepared to work.

                          Project Execution
Leadership. The biggest piece of leadership advice I received from
my Scoutmaster was to avoid micromanagement at all costs.
Micromanagement is trying to perform every detail of the project
yourself or focusing on one small part of it, when you should be
overseeing the project and watching the big picture. To best
accomplish this goal, I delegated duties to team leaders who then
managed individual sections. This allowed me to observe the progress
of the project as a whole, while making changes that I found
necessary.
During my project, I was fortunate enough to have a core group of
individuals I knew and trusted to get the job done. Many of these
individuals were 14 years old and older, senior troop leadership, and
members of a venture crew. From these people I designated three as
team leaders.
The team leaders and the Safety Officer were designated after talks
with my Scoutmaster and Mr. Nalle. Those volunteers were then
contacted one week before the work weekend to confirm their
responsibilities. I assigned one team leader to concrete transportation,
one to rock transportation, and one to the river (where concrete bags
were being placed). Each team leader was expected to direct the
placement of their material, and run their section with as much
efficiency as possible.
With the remaining older Scouts, especially those who were physically
able to lift heavy objects, I chose a group of six to carry concrete bags
in pairs. It was important that each pair worked well together, taking
into consideration factors like height, age, and maturity.
Safety Precautions. A primary concern of my project involved the
lifting of heavy concrete bags and transporting them over a distance of
several feet. Lifting safety was addressed early by both my
Scoutmaster and me. I used a portion of a Troop 28 meeting in
September to talk about the importance of lifting with the knees and
not the back, especially with the heavy loads we would be carrying. On
                                   41
the day of the project, participants were reminded of this, and lifting
with the knees was enforced. As a secondary precaution, only older
Scouts (14 years old and older) were allowed to carry concrete - all
others were assigned to handling the backfill rock. Those handling rock
were also instructed to lift with the knees.
Involving Cub Scouts in the project required extra safety precautions.
Participants under 10 years old were assigned to carry rock, a job that
could be adjusted to any person’s strength and easily fixed if a spill
were to occur.
Since my project would be held in a colder month (October), I needed
to account for cold weather complications. Scouts would be reluctant
to drink water, feeling properly hydrated and not overheated.
However, they could still become dehydrated. To avoid this, water
would be available as needed and encouraged with breaks. For those
stacking concrete in the river, we would need to watch for signs of
shivering and hypothermia. On a regular basis (every hour), the
participants would be switched out with a second team. As with
carrying concrete, only older Scouts were allowed to work in the river.
As is the case with any outdoor project, weather was a major concern.
Sunscreen was provided by my family for the participants’ use, but
everyone had been encouraged to bring their own through the e-mails
and phone calls leading up to the project. In the event of rain, we
planned to vacate the river and, in heavy rain, postpone the project
for another day. Water would ruin uncovered concrete.
As a final precaution, one adult was designated as the Safety Officer
each day. His or her job was to ensure the safety of the participants by
observing and enforcing a safe work environment. Primary goals for
the Safety Officer included watching for signs of dehydration and
hypothermia. The Safety Officer was also in charge of carrying a first
aid kit at all times, and providing basic medical assistance when
needed.
Dealing with the Unexpected. Due to uncontrollable factors, I made
necessary changes as my project progressed. Most of my changes
dealt with weather conditions, or time and material constraints.
As sections were completed at different rates, I found that I needed to
reassign team leaders. My first thought was to assign a team leader
for each process (i.e., carrying concrete) but soon found that assigning
a Leader to each section of the shoreline was much more efficient.
I also found it necessary to switch off Scouts in the river due to colder
than expected air. Since my project was held in October, and cooler air

                                   42
had arrived (the weather varied significantly from the time I started
planning my project), hypothermia was a primary concern.
The project was completed efficiently in two days with time left over
on Sunday afternoon. With this extra time and leftover materials, we
extended the original length of the stabilizer five feet to the right, and
repaired five feet of an existing stabilizer. An additional ten feet of
riverbank was stabilized, for a grand total of 55 feet stabilized by my
project.

                   Communication and Coverage.
To obtain media coverage, I prepared a one-page article containing
the details of my project. I then submitted my article to nine different
newspapers in late September. My article was published in two
different newspapers, the Westlake Picayune in late September, and
the Jewish Outlook in early October. All three media outlets included
pictures from my project. The press release is reproduced below.

       Shoreline Stabilization at Nalle Bunny Run Preserve
        “Over 30 Scouts and adults from Williamson and Travis
      Counties met at the Nalle Bunny Run Preserve from
      October 8th and 9th to build and improve existing
      riverbank stabilization projects on the shores of Lake
      Austin. The result of this conservation project is to protect
      the shoreline from erosion, create a habitat for reptiles,
      amphibians and fishes, and to reduce the impact of waves
      from river traffic on other boaters and shoreline habitats.”
      “Josh Rutenberg, an Eagle Scout from Troop 28 in Austin,
      Texas, planned and carried out his project in collaboration
      with the Hill Country Conservancy for his Eagle project.
      The completion of a conservation project is also one of
      several requirements necessary to earn the prestigious
      Hornaday Badge awarded by the Boy Scout of America in
      recognition of environmental conservation that will serve
      the community and provide an educational platform for
      other Scouts attempting similar projects.”
      “The Hornaday Awards encourage and recognize Scouts
      who plan, lead and carry out conservation projects that are
      based on sound scientific principles and practices. The
      projects should contribute to conservation and
      environmental improvement to the local community. In
      addition, the applicant is expected to research potential

                                    43
      project ideas and to choose, with guidance from a
      Hornaday Advisor, a worthy project.”

Before Pictures




Drop-off shoreline forms a wall     Boat traffic waves erode shoreline

After Pictures




Stair-stepped concrete bags         Concrete bags break up waves
provide a gradual slope             and prevent further erosion




A portion of restored stabilizer
built with leftover materials

                                   44
I also wrote several letters of appreciation to those who participated in
my project. This included not just those who came for the workdays,
but also sponsors, advisors, and any other people who supported me
in my project. Letters sent included ones to:
   The Hill Country Conservancy (sponsoring organization)
   Relatives and Friends
   Newspapers




                                   45
A summary of my project was also posted on the Hill Country
Conservancy website.

                             Continuation
The stabilizer is a stable structure that requires little upkeep, and the
maintenance necessary can be provided at low cost by the Hill Country
Conservancy staff. Mr. Nalle and the Nalle Bunny Run Preserve agreed
to monitor the site and provide any necessary maintenance on the
project. The stabilizer, built to last for many years with only minor
repairs, will require minimal efforts on the part of the Preserve.
Education was a large part of my Continuation effort. I spent part of a
Troop 28 meeting educating Scouts about the importance of
conservation and what my project was doing to help. I also gave
similar talks before and after the completion of my project.
In March 2006, I spent a day at the Conservancy educating
benefactors to the Conservancy about what my project was and how it
benefited wildlife at Bunny Run. Members of the Hill Country
Conservancy who were interested in helping out attended an all day
event hosted by the Preserve, where Mr. Nalle and others gave a
series of brief presentations about ongoing and future conservation
projects. I prepared a tri-fold board for the event complete with
pictures from the workdays, and explained the significance of my
project to the members, including its short-term impact of breaking up
waves and providing habitats for animals, and its long-term goal of
reducing erosion in the area.

                            Documentation
Every Eagle service project requires the Scout to develop a project
workbook to document the project. With some additions to satisfy
Hornaday requirements, this workbook was the way I organized my
project documentation. Upon completing my project, the majority of
my Eagle Workbook had been completed. I followed the format of the
workbook, provided to me by my Troop, and filled it in as I went
along. Dividing the work into manageable pieces was not only helpful,
it was necessary. By working on a little bit each night, I documented
my project thoroughly and without placing a heavy burden on myself
by waiting until the last minute.
I also added sections for the Hornaday portion, adjusting my workbook
to include more pictures of my project, newspaper articles, letters of
recommendation, and letters of appreciation. I also included the
required applications for the Badge. I knew documentation would be

                                   46
important, so I recorded everything. All the time I spent researching,
planning, meeting, etc. was recorded for later use.
One week before the project, I arrived at the project location to take
“before” pictures. I designated my parents to take pictures of the
undeveloped area. That same day, I delegated the task of taking
pictures during the project to my mother. She took hundreds of
pictures, enabling a step-by-step view of the project to be constructed.
By the end of my project, I had hundreds of pictures to remember the
project, and these pictures also served as documentation. Several of
those pictures were inserted into my Eagle and Hornaday Workbooks.

                     Appreciation and Approval
All letters to and from my advisors, all receipts, and all public
recognition I received were all saved in a book for later reference.
Other forms of documentation I obtained later included a signed letter
of recommendation from the Conservancy, newspaper articles of my
project, and all the letters of appreciation I sent to participants and
others. All the documentation was incorporated into my project
workbook.
Sign-off. It was necessary for me to obtain signatures on both the
Eagle project form and the Hornaday form. The weekend after my
project was completed, I visited with Mr. Nalle at the site of my
project. I had my Eagle and Hornaday paperwork with me, and we
discussed the project, how it went, and what else needed to be done.
At the end of our discussion, I obtained his signatures of approval.
Back at my Troop, I discussed what went well and what did not with
my Troop Advancement Chair. When we finished, he too gave me his
signature of approval. On the Hornaday Application sheet, I also
obtained signatures from my Conservation Advisor and Hornaday
Advisor, Mr. Nalle, and Mr. McClure, respectively.
Hornaday and Eagle Boards of Review. My Eagle Board of Review
preceded my Hornaday Board of Review. To set up my Eagle Board, I
contacted my Troop Eagle Advisor and my District Eagle Advisor to set
up a place and time. Members of my Board consisted of my District
Eagle Advisor, my Religious Leader, and Representatives from my
Community. Six members sat on my Eagle Board of Review. I provided
each of them with a copy of my Eagle Scout Workbook, the standard
document for recording one’s Eagle Project. Their questions concerned
my Scout Spirit, life ambitions, and interaction with my community,
along with a heavy emphasis on the project itself. They asked me how


                                   47
I used leadership to carry out my project, the processes I went though
to obtain volunteers, and materials.




My Hornaday Board of Review was arranged through my Hornaday
Advisor. Mr. McClure and I finally decided a Board would be held at

                                  48
Lost Pines where I was working as a Counselor. My Board consisted of
three members from the Council Conservation Committee - Mr. Fry,
Mr. Beathard, and Mr. McClure. I distributed a copy of my Hornaday
Workbook to each member to read during the Board of Review. Unlike
my Eagle Board, the Conservation Committee inquired specifically
about the use of conservation in my project, and how the impact was
significant in relation to the surrounding environment. As per the
Hornaday requirements, the Conservation Committee also evaluated
my project with regard to research, documentation, coverage, and
continuation.
My Hornaday Badge was presented to me by Mr. McClure during my
Eagle Court of Honor.




             March 4th, 2006: Josh Rutenberg, Troop 28,
                    receives his Hornaday Badge

                         After The Badge
Earning the Hornaday Award was one of the most challenging parts of
my Scouting career. However, the time and effort I put into earning
the Hornaday Badge was well worth it. My work on the Badge will have
a lasting impact on my life.


                                 49
For one thing, it increased my environmental awareness, and
introduced me to a field I now take a great interest in. Working with
soil and water conservation opened my eyes to a whole world of
opportunities. My work on the Hornaday Award led me, in part, to my
decision to study environmental science in college and earn an
environmental science degree.
In addition to learning about resource conservation, carrying out a
Hornaday project provided me with valuable experience in many
areas. To complete the project, I had to improve my leadership skills,
planning skills, and organizational skills. All of these characteristics will
help prepare me for life, and help me in the future. Furthermore,
carrying out a Hornaday project brings with it a sense of fulfillment.
Every impact, no matter how small, is important. Knowing that my
efforts have helped to stabilize what was once an erosion disaster is a
great feeling.
If I had the choice to do it over again, I would without hesitation. My
efforts with the Hill Country Conservancy established a relationship
with an organization that can now help me in future conservation
efforts. Hornaday was a great experience and something I can be
proud of for the rest of my life.
Currently, I am working on my Venturing Silver and Hornaday Silver.
This past summer, I served as the Nature-Ecology-Conservation
Director at Lost Pines.




                                     50
      APPENDIX A: HORNADAY APPLICATION FORM
                          Application for the

                 William T. Hornaday Badge
Name _______________________________Date of Birth__________
Applicant’s Address_________________________________________
City _______________________ State _______ Zip Code__________
Check one and indicate Unit number:
Boy Scout Troop No.___________ Venturer Crew No,___________
Varsity Scout Team No._________
(Boy Scouts and Varsity Scouts only)
Rank at time of application __________________________________
I became a First Class Scout on_______________________________
                                                (Date)


Council_____________________ District_______________________

Unit Leader’s Name_________________________________________

                                 Phone No. (____) _______________

Conservation Advisor’s Name_________________________________

                                 Phone No. (____) _______________
Statement of Applicant
I have thoroughly read the requirements for this award. I have worked
closely with my conservation advisor in the design and execution of
each project. The work summarized in this application is of my design.
I request consideration for receiving the William T. Hornaday badge.


Applicant’s Signature______________________Date____________




                                  51
     APPENDIX B: APPLICANT’S CHECKLIST
 Has the candidate planned, led, and carried out one
  significant project from one of the project categories:
   a) Energy Conservation
   b) Soil and Water Conservation
   c) Fish and Wildlife Management
   d) Forestry and Range Management
   e) Air and Water Pollution Control
   f) Resource Recovery (Recycling)
   g) Hazardous Material Disposal and Management
   h) Invasive Species Control
 Has the candidate performed research for the project:
   i) The candidate has provided documentation that research
      related to the project was performed.
   j) The candidate has provided documentation that
      alternatives were investigated.
   k) The project includes documentation related to other similar
      cases.
   l) The candidate should have a sound explanation for the
      best practice that has been chosen for the project.
 Were the project requirements clearly stated in the
  documentation?
 Were the project success criteria clearly stated in the
  documentation?
 How much has the candidate contributed to the improvement
  or better management of natural resources and the
  environment?
 Has the candidate shown leadership during the project?
 To what extent has the candidate encouraged other people to
  plan, understand, appreciate, and practice sound
  conservation and environmental protection methods.
 Have there been any public relations as part of the project
  (this can include newspaper articles, television or radio spots,
  etc.)?
 Are thank-you letters (notes of appreciation) documented as
  part of the project?

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 Is there a list of lessons learned (both good and bad)
  documented as part of the project?
 Is there a project plan listing the planned and actual tasks,
  times, and resources used on the project?
 Is there an appropriate level of budgeting and financial
  records (receipts) for this project (some projects will not
  require expenditures)?
 Are there an appropriate number of photographs / diagrams
  in the documentation to document the conditions before,
  during and after the project?

  (Note: some project will not require photos or diagrams – i.e.,
  legislation might not require visual documentation.)
 Success of the project – Did the project meet the success
  criteria? Did it have an impact to the community and the
  environment? Did it have an impact?
 Is there an ongoing piece of this project which will either be
  and carried by others or will educate others in the future?
 The Scout has presented the project in a very professional
  manner (consider the age of the scout).




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              HORNADAY MERIT BADGES




            Energy     Environmental      Fish &          Fishing
                          Science         Wildlife
  Bird
                                        Management
 Study




Forestry   Gardening      Geology       Insect Study     Landscape
                                                        Architecture




Mammal      Nature        Nuclear       Oceanography       Plant
 Study                    Science                         Science




Public      Pulp &       Reptile &        Soil and       Weather
Health      Paper       Amphibian          Water
                          Study         Conservation
                 HORNADAY AWARDS




 Badge                               Gold Badge         Knot
(Youth)                               (Adult)          (Medals
                                                        only)
             Bronze
                        Silver

								
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