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HORNADAY BADGE HANDBOOK A Guide for Scouts in the Capitol Area Council Seeking to Earn the Hornaday Badge Prepared for the Capitol Area Council Hornaday Committee www.hornadaybsa.com October 2008 HORNADAY BADGE HANDBOOK A Guide for Scouts in the Capitol Area Council Seeking to Earn the Hornaday Badge October 2008 Only by striving to better our planet can we truly hope to better ourselves. Contained in this pamphlet are all the information and resources needed to begin work on this prestigious award. “Treat the earth well: it was not given to you by your parents, it was loaned to you by your children. We do not inherit the Earth from our Ancestors; we borrow it from our Children.” Native American Proverb INTRODUCTION This Handbook has been developed so that young men and women may achieve a higher learning in the principles of ecology, wildlife protection, and natural resource conservation. It was prepared for the very specific purpose of guiding Boy Scouts in the Capitol Area Council (CAC) whose goal is to earn the Hornaday Badge in conjunction with completing their Eagle service project. The authors hope it accomplishes that purpose. The information on Council procedures was correct at the time of publication in 2008. You may want to check with the Council Conservation Committee for any changes since that time. For those Scouts who are not in the Capitol Area Council, not doing their Hornaday project in conjunction with their Eagle service project, or are seeking a different Hornaday award, we hope the information will be useful, but we offer no assurance that specific information in this Handbook will be correct in your situation. Before starting any of the awards, be sure to check with your Council Committee for any other rules and regulations that may or may not apply to you. For those seeking a Hornaday medal please note that medal projects are reviewed and approved by the National Hornaday Committee, not by the Council Committee. Your Council Committee can assist you with the national approval process, but the Scout is responsible for obtaining approval of his projects. There is a CAC Hornaday web site: www.hornadaybsa.org. You will find information there on how to contact the current members of the Hornaday Committee about a prospective project. All of the forms found in this Handbook are available as WORD and PDF documents on the web site. The most recent version of the Handbook itself is also available there. If you have comments or suggestions on how the Handbook can be improved, you can offer them through the web site. The web site also has the information and on-line registration for the semi-annual Hornaday Weekends sponsored by the Committee at Lost Pines Scout Reservation near Bastrop. Hornaday weekends begin on the third Friday of October and April. There are twenty Merit Badges in the Hornaday Awards program. Every weekend, classes are conducted covering all of these badges, and are taught by adult professionals in their respective fields. The web site indicates which requirements of each badge can be completed during the weekend. There are also opportunities during each weekend to review potential or approved projects with Committee members. Many of the merit badge instructors are affiliated with government agencies that are potential sponsoring organizations for projects; creating networking opportunities. This Handbook is organized as three chapters and a series of Appendixes. Chapter One describes the origins of the Hornaday program and its relationship to the goals and values of Scouting. Chapter Two is a detailed discussion of the process and procedures by which a Scout earns the Hornaday Badge. Forms referenced in this chapter are found in the appendices. Chapter Three is a case study of a successful CAC Hornaday project. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The CAC Hornaday Committee was organized in 2005 by Brian McClure, Jeffrey Fry, and Gerry Beathard. At the time of publication, the Committee has grown to the members listed below. Since the Committee began to organize the program, a number of informational documents and slide presentations have been developed by Committee members. In preparing this Handbook, we have drawn freely from these materials. The principal author of this Handbook is Josh Rutenberg. Josh earned his Hornaday Badge and became an Eagle Scout in 2005. He was a member of Troop 28 and Venture Crews 36, 911, and 1441. He is currently attending Rice University where he plans to major in Environmental Science. Josh’s Hornaday project is the subject of the case study in Chapter Three. This Handbook was developed as a Wood Badge Ticket Item from SR-833 (Fall 2007). It has been a pleasure to work with Josh Rutenberg and the members of the CAC Hornaday Committee on this project. While a number of scouters have been kind enough to review and comment on the Handbook, any errors are my responsibility. Ron Luke, Editor Austin, Texas Hornaday Committee Members, October 2008 Co-Founders: Gerry Beathard, Greg Boyd, Jeffrey Fry, Brian McClure (Chair) Committee Members: Heather Ball, Robert Chavez, Hilary Johns, Mike Love, Ron Luke, Claire McAdams, John Moore, Kimberly Owens, Martin Payne, Billy Russell, Gary Smeltzer TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter One The Hornaday Awards Program ................................................. 1 Scouting and Conservation....................................................................... 1 Who Was William Hornaday? .................................................................... 1 The Origins of the Hornaday Award ........................................................... 2 Current Awards ...................................................................................... 3 Scout Awards ......................................................................................... 3 Badges and Medals ................................................................................. 4 Unit Award Certificate ............................................................................. 5 Adult Awards .......................................................................................... 5 Role of the Capitol Area Council Hornaday Committee ................................. 5 Additional Information on the Hornaday Program ........................................ 6 Chapter Two Earning the Hornaday Badge .................................................... 7 Getting Started....................................................................................... 7 Advisors and Sponsors ............................................................................ 9 The Hornaday Advisor ............................................................................. 9 The Sponsoring Organization .................................................................. 11 The Conservation Advisor ...................................................................... 12 The Eagle Advisor ................................................................................. 12 Choosing a Project ................................................................................ 13 Sample Projects.................................................................................... 14 Research ............................................................................................. 16 Project Proposal.................................................................................... 17 Project Approval ................................................................................... 18 Project Planning.................................................................................... 19 Project Execution .................................................................................. 24 Application and Approval ....................................................................... 26 After The Badge ................................................................................... 28 Chapter Three: Case Study of a Soil & Water Conservation Project ............... 30 Introduction ......................................................................................... 30 Choosing a Project ................................................................................ 30 Research ............................................................................................. 31 The Sponsoring Organization: Hill Country Conservancy ............................ 33 Project Approval ................................................................................... 36 Project Planning.................................................................................... 37 Project Execution .................................................................................. 41 After The Badge ................................................................................... 49 Appendix A: Hornaday Application Form ..................................................... 51 Appendix B: Applicant’s Checklist .............................................................. 52 CHAPTER ONE THE HORNADAY AWARDS PROGRAM Scouting and Conservation “The nation behaves well if it treats the natural resources as assets which it must turn over to the next generation increased, and not impaired, in value.” President Theodore Roosevelt Conservation and environmental education have always been an important part of the program of the Boy Scouts of America. Camping, hiking, canoeing, and a respect for the outdoors are part of the Scouting heritage. Scouting’s commitment to wise conservation practices is expressed in the Outdoor Code: As a citizen of the world, I will do my best to – Be clean in my outdoor manners Be careful with fire Be considerate in the outdoors Be conservation-minded Conservation and stewardship involve the careful future management and planning of an area. The goals of conservation and stewardship are to sustain both natural and cultural resources for the enjoyment and benefit of all. Each individual has a responsibility to care for the environment in which he or she lives, including both natural and cultural resources. Scouting actively promotes environmental stewardship by teaching low-impact and no- trace methods of camping and hiking. Scouting encourages young people to be conservation- minded at home, in their communities, and in all other aspects of their lives. The Hornaday program is one of Scouting’s most important programs to encourage and recognize this stewardship by scouts, units, and scouters. Who Was William Hornaday? Dr. William Temple Hornaday (December 1, 1854-March 6, 1937) played a key role in early twentieth-century wildlife awareness and conservation. His efforts resulted in the 1 recovery of several species and educated countless numbers of people about the importance of environmental awareness. William T. Hornaday was born in Plainfield, Indiana to William Temple Hornaday, Sr. and Martha Hornaday. After graduating from Oskaloosa College, he studied at Iowa State University for two years, learning about subjects such as botany, forestry, paleontology, and zoology. After his sophomore year, Hornaday left to join the Natural Science Establishment of Henry Augustus Ward. From 1877 to 1878, Hornaday traveled across India and Southeast Asia. Shortly thereafter, Hornaday was appointed Chief Taxidermist of the United States National Museum (later known as the Smithsonian Institute) where he served for 18 years. Dr. Hornaday established many early environmental organizations, including the Smithsonian National Zoological Park, located in Washington, D.C., and authored around 26 different books ranging from topics of birds and mammals to resource conservation. Dr. Hornaday was also a co-founder of and the first director of the Bronx Zoo. He stayed on as director for 30 years. Of all his contributions, Dr. Hornaday is best known for his efforts in restoring the population of the American Bison. On the verge of extinction, the American Bison had little hope for recovery. In 1905, he co-founded the American Bison Society with Theodore Roosevelt. In charge of the last few remaining American Bison, Hornaday bred large groups for several zoos, including a herd for the New York Zoological Park. Dr. Hornaday also had a profound impact on wilderness practices within the Boy Scout of America. Dr. Hornaday spent several years writing articles for Boy’s Life and authoring sections of The Boy Scout Handbook. Many of Dr. Hornaday’s thoughts and ideas remain a central part of the Scouting movement. The Origins of the Hornaday Award In 1914, Dr. Hornaday created the first Wildlife Protection Medal to be awarded for individuals with outstanding contributions to the environment. The award was funded by the New York Zoological Society’s Permanent Wild life Protection Fund (Association?). Originally, the award could be earned by anyone, not just Scouts. On June 29, 1917, Mrs. Margaret Olivia Sage became the first recipient of the Wildlife Protection Medal. Dr. Hornaday presented the purpose of his awarded in a letter: 2 “The objects of the annual medal offered by the Permanent Wild Life Protection Fund (Association?) to the Boy Scouts of America are the following: First, to furnish a lasting token of appreciation of valuable services rendered to the wild life cause; Second, to attract attention to the duty of the good citizen toward wild life, and Third, to develop new leaders in the warfare against the destroyers of wild life” Dr. Hornaday, May 1, 1920 A total of five Wildlife Protection Medals were awarded between 1922 and 1937. After Dr. Hornaday’s death in 1937, the award was renamed in his honor. From 1920 to 1950, no more than one Hornaday Medal was awarded each year, and for 21 of those years, no medal was awarded. Although there are, no known records of exactly how many Hornaday Medals, Badges, and Certificates have been awarded in total, numbers indicate that approximately 1,200 Medals and Badges have been awarded since the program’s inception. Since 2000, 25 Silver Hornaday Medals have been awarded. Current Awards The current Hornaday program includes awards for scouts, units and scouters. All the awards are briefly described in the following section. Scout Awards Scouts, Varsity Scouts, or Venturers may earn the Hornaday Badge and Medals. All scout awards require the scout to earn certain merit badges from the following 20 conservation and environmental management merit badges. Table 1 Hornaday Merit Badges Group I Group II Energy Bird Study Nature Environmental Fishing Nuclear Science Science Gardening Oceanography Fish and Geology Insect Plant Study Wildlife Study Pulp and Paper Management Landscape Reptile and Amphibian Forestry Architecture Study Public Health Mammal Study Weather Soil and Water Conservation 3 Venturers applying for the Hornaday Badge or Medals may earn the merit badges or may complete alternative requirements. A Venturer who began working on his project as a Boy Scout may count merit badges when applying. In place of merit badges, Venturers must complete the Ecology and Plant and Wildlife requirements for the Venturing Ranger Award. Scout awards also require the scout to carry out one or more conservation projects. Acceptable projects fall in one of eight categories: Air and Water Pollution Control Energy Conservation Fish and Wildlife Management Forestry and Range Management Hazardous Materials and Waste Disposal Invasive Species Control Resource Recovery Soil and Water Conservation In addition to the project documentation required on all Hornaday projects, a Venturer must provide specific information on: The research performed in connection with the conservation projects undertaken. The relevant research must be cited at the appropriate location in the conservation project documentation. A bibliography must be provided that lists sources cited. The bibliography must be formatted according to established standards. The applicant’s entire Hornaday effort. This evaluation, included in the application packet in Appendix A, should contain information on alternatives considered for each project and an explanation of why each specific conservation project was selected, procedures used, processes used, staffing levels used, funding requirements, and so on. The lessons learned. Included in the report in Appendix B, this details what the applicant, in hindsight, would do differently on each project. The section should include recommended changes in project selection; procedures, processes, and staffing levels used; funding requirements; and evaluations of project effectiveness over time. Badges and Medals Hornaday Badge. To earn the Hornaday Badge, scouts must earn three Merit Badges from Group I, two Merit Badges from Group II, and plan, lead, and carry out one conservation project Hornaday Bronze Medal. Scouts need to earn four Merit Badges from Group I and two Merit Badges from Group II. One of the four Merit 4 Badges from Group I must be Environmental Science. The Scout must also plan, lead, and carry out three substantial conservation projects, each from a different category. When completed, the Scout will send in a neat binder to the National Committee, which meets a few times each year to discuss recipients. There are no limits on the number of Bronze Medals awarded each year. Hornaday Silver Medal. Scouts need to earn all six Merit Badges from Group I and three Merit Badges from Group II. The Scout must also plan, lead, and carry out four substantial conservation projects, each from a different category. When completed, the Scout will send in a neat binder to the National Committee, which meets a few times a year to discuss recipients. The number of Silver Medals awarded each year is limited to six. A Scout who applies for the Silver Medal but fails to receive it may receive the Bronze Medal instead. Unit Award Certificate Hornaday Certificate. A Unit (Pack, Troop, Crew, Ship, etc.) may earn a Hornaday Certificate by fulfilling two requirements. First, the Unit must plan and carry out one conservation project from any of the project categories. Second, the Unit must have at least 60% participation from ALL of its registered youth and adult members in planning and/or carrying out the project. When completed, the Unit will be awarded a certificate by the Council Committee. Adult Awards Gold Badge. A Gold Badge is awarded to an adult who has made significant contributions to resource conservation at the Council level. This includes helping others in learning about resource conservation. The Badge is awarded by the Council Committee. Gold Medal. A Gold Medal is the highest form of recognition for an Adult in conservation. Those adults who earn a Gold Medal have typically made contributions to conservation at the national level for 20 years or more. The Medal is awarded by the Council. Role of the Capitol Area Council Hornaday Committee The Capital Area Council Hornaday Committee was organized to encourage and support scouts and scouters in earning Hornaday Awards as part of the Council’s efforts to teach conservation and environmental management. Only a small percentage of scouts who become Eagles earn the Hornaday Badge or a Hornaday Medal. The Committee wants to help more Eagles become Hornaday Eagles. Earning a Hornaday Award is a 5 great achievement and something to be proud of for life. Hopefully you too will soon earn this distinguished honor. The Committee pursues its goal by sponsoring Hornaday Award Weekends, helping scouts find projects, advisors, and sponsoring organizations, evaluating applications for awards, and by spreading information on the program through materials such as this Handbook. The remainder of this Handbook will explain the steps in completing a project for the Hornaday Badge and provides a case study of successful projects completed by scouts in the Council. Additional Information on the Hornaday Program Additional information on the Hornaday Program can be found on the web sites listed below. Scouts should always obtain parental permission before visiting any Internet web site. Capitol Area Council Hornaday Weekend Site: http://www.hornadaybsa.org Sam Houston Area Council Site: http://www.conservationbsa.com Merit Badge Requirements: www.meritbadge.com National Boy Scouts of America Site: http://www.scouting.org/Awards/HornadayAwards/awards.aspx Boy’s Life Article on the Hornaday Awards: “Go Green,” March 2008. Boy’s Life Magazine. Boy Scouts of America. Available Online: http://www.boyslife.org/gogreenseries/3965/william-t- hornaday-awards/ Scouting Magazine Article on Hornaday: Daniel, Douglass K. “A Place to Thrive,” October 2007. Scouting Magazine. Boy Scouts of America. Available Online: http://www.scoutingmagazine.org/issues/0710/index.html Biography of William T. Hornaday: William Temple Hornaday. University of Iowa, 2000. http://www.uiowa.edu/~nathist/Site/explorers%20and%20expeditions/h ornadaystory.html Interesting Facts about the Awards: Eby, David L. Hornaday Facts and Inaccuracies. http://www.usscouts.org/history/hornadayawardfacts.asp 6 CHAPTER TWO EARNING THE HORNADAY BADGE “A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.” Ancient Chinese Proverb Getting Started Earning the Hornaday Badge may seem like an impossible task at first, especially when you factor in your commitments to school, community, and friends. The achievement will be difficult, but that is what makes it well worth the time and effort. Remember, you will be making a real difference to real people and places. The easiest way to start is by breaking down large steps into smaller ones, and by finding people who can assist you in your efforts. The Boy Scouts of America (BSA) does not expect a Life Scout to know the ins and outs of conservation and environmental management. The BSA also understands that carrying out a service project is a learning experience, and a Scout may make mistakes along the way. However, locating advisors will allow you to develop an understanding of your project’s significance, and provide you with the knowledge to help you if you are stuck. What is important to understand is how a Hornaday project differs from an Eagle project. A Hornaday project has several requirements that are not found in all Eagle service projects. The Hornaday project must contain: Research Coverage Documentation Continuation Conservation These five components are further defined below. They are what will make your Hornaday project go above and beyond many Eagle projects. Table 2 is a flowchart of a Hornaday Badge project1 that shows the major elements and milestones for most, if not all, projects. We suggest you take a minute to study this chart before reading further. The rest of this chapter is a more in-depth description of the elements on the flow chart. 1 2008; by Josh Rutenberg, from a 2008 flowchart by Claire McAdams, based on a 2006 flowchart by Hilary Johns based on www.scouting.org Eagle Scout Leadership Service Project Workbook (www.nesa.org); and Requirements and Awards Application with Conservation Committee and Adviser Guidelines for William T. Hornaday Awards for Distinguished Service to Natural Resource Conservation (Pub 21-107, 2005, BSA, P.O. Box 152079, Irving, TX 75015). 7 Table 2: The William T. Hornaday Awards Process 8 Keep your Hornaday Conservation Adviser (the person you choose to work with at the agency or organization with which you are doing your project), your BSA Unit Leader (Scoutmaster), your Unit Commissioner, and your District and Council Hornaday Committee informed throughout this process Keep in mind that a Hornaday project takes longer to complete than many Eagle projects, so get started early and start planning! Projects often take six months or more just for planning. Be careful not to wait until the last minute! Advisors and Sponsors Every Hornaday project is a team effort. Before the Scout recruits and leads the team that carries out the project, he must recruit a team of advisors and a sponsoring organization Table 3 identifies the project advisory group and summarizes the role of each position. Because we assume the Scout will use the same project to satisfy Eagle and Hornaday Badge requirements, the troop and district Eagle advisors are considered part of this team. The Hornaday Advisor One of the first and most important steps you will take is selecting a Hornaday advisor. You cannot formally begin the Hornaday process until you have an approved advisor. A Hornaday Advisor is an adult who understands the requirements and process of the Hornaday Badge and is there to guide you through that process and point out any possible problems with your project satisfying all requirements. The Hornaday Advisor is not expected to have technical or professional expertise regarding your project or to have any formal relationship with the sponsoring organization. The Council Conservation Committee (CCC) will approve a Hornaday Advisor that you nominate for your project, or assign an advisor. The Hornaday Advisor will often be a member of the Hornaday Committee or of the Council Conservation Committee, although this is not a formal requirement. While it is possible that your troop Eagle project advisor can serve as your Hornaday Advisor, this should be discussed with the CCC as not all Eagle project advisors will be familiar with the Hornaday project requirements and process. To find an Advisor, talk with the CCC. Information on how to contact the CCC for Capitol Area Council can be found at www.hornadaybsa.org. 9 Table 3 Project Advisory Group Candidate Develops project ideas Plans and researches possible projects Documents all aspects of the project Obtains all labor and materials needed Keeps track of budget information Completes Eagle and Hornaday workbooks Contacts media for publicity Ensures continuation of the project Contacts Advisors as needed Troop Facilitates the Candidate’s application process Advancement for Eagle Chair Assists the Candidate in any questions he may have about the Eagle application process Discusses Eagle project ideas with the Candidate Sets up Candidate’s Eagle Board of Review Eagle Advisor Ensures the Candidate has a well-thought- out, well organized, meaningful Eagle project Hornaday Facilitates the Candidate’s application process Advisor for Hornaday Assists the Candidate in any questions he may have about the Hornaday application process Discusses Hornaday project ideas with the Candidate Sets up Candidate’s Hornaday Board of Review Conservation Preferably a Conservation professional or an Advisor individual involved in conservation efforts Helps the Candidate select an appropriate conservation project Guides the Candidate on how to properly research and document information Introduces the Candidate to his role in the bigger picture on conservation Sponsoring Provides a location at which to carry out the Organization project Provides assistance in finding materials when requested Assists in giving the Candidate outlets for publicity 10 By talking with your Hornaday Advisor, you may come to a better understanding of your personal role in natural resource conservation and the environmental movement. The Hornaday Advisor can help a Scout in several ways. First, a Hornaday Advisor can help you evaluate project ideas and select a project. If you have difficulty finding a sponsoring organization, your Advisor may be able to make suggestions and point you in the right direction. Second, your Hornaday Advisor can give you periodic feedback on your project plan and any shortcomings in meeting requirements. The Sponsoring Organization Once you have a Hornaday Advisor, the next step is to find a sponsoring organization. The sponsoring organization will be the organization that owns or controls the resource on which you carry out your project. Sponsoring organizations can be federal or state agencies, cities, counties, schools or private landowners. In Texas, examples of organizations include the Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA), Texas Parks and Wildlife, the Hill Country Conservancy, the Heritage Society of Austin, the University of Texas at Austin, Texas A&M, and many others. Be sure the Sponsoring organization will satisfy Eagle service project requirements. Boy Scouts and Venturers are eager to help resource management agencies care for the environment. Scouts are active participants in outdoor activities and want to become involved in projects that are good for the land, air and water. They are enthusiastic about doing their part in caring for our natural resources. Projects that involve Scouts in the protection and conservation of natural resources often allow agencies to complete conservation work that could otherwise be difficult due to budget and staffing constraints. This is especially true for private non-profit organizations. Scouts are a very creative and dependable work force. Hands-on participation in conservation projects can inspire Scouts to become lifelong stewards of the land. Conservation efforts made possible by agency partnerships can give you an effective way to practice the environmental messages you learned in Scouting. Frequently, you will find that agency personnel were at one time scouts themselves. Most agencies have volunteer coordinators or other field personnel who will work with Scouts. Working with Scouts may be a new experience for some agencies. It may be helpful for the Scout to provide the agency with information about the Scouting program and the value of conservation partnership. 11 The Conservation Advisor A Conservation Advisor is an individual who represents or works with the sponsoring organization. The Conservation Advisor will guide you through available projects, the purposes of those projects, and the amount of labor and materials each project will require. A Conservation Advisor will have a firm background in, and understanding of, conservation practices. Once you have worked with your Troop and Hornaday Advisor to decide on a project, the Conservation Advisor will instruct you on the importance of the project, who or what it benefits from it, and how the project will accomplish this. However, it is still your task to properly research the project and find possible solutions. The Advisor is never a substitute for research. One of the Conservation Advisor’s main roles is to introduce you into the larger picture of resource conservation, by facilitating your ability to understand the important part you play. One of the Advisor’s roles is to provide the Scout with project-related coaching and facilitation. This might include discussing various project options, possible resources, instructing the Scout how to research the internet for project-related agencies, or how to find and communicate with the appropriate contact within an agency. It is your job to figure out which of these methods are best suited for your project, and the ramifications that could come from each choice. Figuring out the best method of instillation may require several meetings between you and your Conservation Advisor. The Eagle Advisor The final member of your Hornaday Award project advisory team is your Eagle Service Project Advisor. Assuming you want the same project to satisfy the Eagle and Hornaday Award requirements, you must also work with your troop’s Eagle Advisor and make sure that you have completed all the required documentation and obtained all the necessary signatures for project approval and project completion. Each troop and district has its own expectations for what makes an acceptable Eagle project. While it would be unusual for a project to meet Hornaday Award requirements and not satisfy the troop or district’s requirements, it could happen. If necessary, arrange meetings that include your Hornaday and Eagle Advisors to reach agreement on the project. 12 Choosing a Project The badge requires the Scout to conduct a “significant and unique” conservation project in a field of conservation. Picking a suitable project is one of the first difficult steps for the Scout to overcome. There is no set rule for what makes a project “significant and unique.” The project must be “significant” enough without being of such a scale that it totally overwhelms the Scout. Certainly, Dr. Hornaday was looking for that outstanding youth whose actions were truly worthy of note. The criteria used for Eagle Scout service projects to have a long lasting benefit for church, school, or community may be a good one to follow here as well. As Dr. Hornaday stated, “actual results … count heavily” in determining the significance of a project. A project must fit into one of the eight project categories. Some generic types of projects may be able to fit into several different categories, depending on specific local circumstances. For instance, a trail reconstruction project may fit in soil and water conservation if it was done to address erosion, fish and wildlife management if it was done to reduce the impacts of human intervention into critical habitat, or may not be a Hornaday project at all if it was not done to address an environmental problem but rather only for recreational access. On the other hand, several projects may be very closely related. For instance, a specific site may be able to support separate projects in forestry and range management, soil and water conservation, and air and water pollution control. Each project must be able to stand on its own and specific work items cannot be double counted in the different projects. The CCC will ultimately review each project as part of the Hornaday Award application. Committee members will base their judgments on the work accomplished relative to the applicant’s age. The decisions are based on several principal factors: How much the applicant has actually contributed to the improvement or better management of natural resources and the environment, and the extent to which the applicant has learned from that experience. The leadership the applicant has demonstrated in the planning and execution of the project(s). The extent to which the applicant has encouraged others to plan, understand, appreciate, and practice sound conservation and protection methods. These factors should be considered when selecting a project. 13 While we do not precisely define “significant and unique,” it might help if we look at the same project executed two different ways. In one case, a Scout gets some of the members of his or her unit to go out and plant a few hundred seedlings in an old burned-over area. In another, the Scout does some research into why the area has not naturally regenerated and what native species are common to the area. Then the Scout conducts an inventory. He then finds a good, reliable source for those native plants, designs a tree planting event, and through flyers, radio spots, newspaper articles, etc. gets the community to turn out with their unit and plant those same few hundred seedlings. Then, the following year, he goes back to the area to document survival to see if replanting may be needed. The actual results (planting the seedlings) for these two projects are the same. Some reviewers may consider both significant. However, the second example stands out in several areas. It would have a better chance of successfully passing any review it may face, and results in better education of the Scout, the unit, and the community. Sample Projects There are eight categories of Hornaday Projects. Each of these categories covers a broad range of projects. Sometimes a project may fall into multiple categories. Knowing what category your projects fall into is important. Your project must fit into at least on of the eight categories to qualify as a Hornaday project. It is very important to understand which category your project falls into so you can get a better idea of your project’s impact and give you a path to follow when performing research. The case study in Chapter Three of this Handbook describes the process for choosing a project in detail. It also shows how an initial idea may not turn out to be the project ultimately chosen. Here are examples of potential project in each of the eight categories. Energy Conservation. Work with adults in the sponsoring organization to conduct an energy audit of the home of a low-income family, preparatory to weatherizing it for energy conservation. Determine the materials needed and their costs. Help organize a workforce and undertake the needed improvements over several weekends. This effort should be part of the chartered organization's community outreach. Record the long-term impact by analyzing utility savings. 14 Soil and Water Conservation. Work with a local park authority to develop and maintain trails and paths, control stream bank erosion (with water bars, ripraps, grass and shrub planting), conduct a wildlife census, and "adopt" a stream. Fish and Wildlife Management. With advice and assistance from state conservation department officials, introduce carp and catfish into algae-choked farm ponds to help reduce the algae load. Build nesting boxes and set them out for waterfowl. Plant hundreds of trees for windbreaks in at least 10 fields for wildlife habitat and to help control soil erosion. Plant native grasses that benefit wildlife. Using a portable puppet theater, make presentations on fish and wildlife conservation to young children. Forestry and Range Management. Work with a range specialist to collect, analyze, plant, and maintain trees and native grasses suitable to the local environment to control erosion and provide wildlife habitats. Record the short-term and long-term impacts. Resource Recovery (Recycling). Design a survey of fellow students to discover recycling and pollution-prevention opportunities in the school. This could include activities such as recycling high-grade paper, reusing some paper products in the classroom, making use of disposable materials from the school cafeteria, and collecting glass and recyclable metal containers. Present the findings of the survey to school administrators and the school board. Achieve, as a result, the launch of an innovative recycling program in your school that delivers considerable dollar savings to the system with strong student, teacher, and school administrator support. Air and Water Pollution Control. Work on a legislator's staff to draft legislation and encourage enactment of state laws that require the planting of trees along all state highway rights-of-way to assist in reducing motor-vehicle air pollution, as well as filtering silt and many toxic substances. Hazardous Material Disposal and Management. Working with local environmental officials, design and organize a program in which special plastic bags to dispose of hazardous materials are distributed by Scouts to homeowners. The homeowners are asked to bag and deposit their used household batteries at special locations operated by city hazardous waste officials for appropriate disposal. Scouts design the informational brochure and run the public information campaign to explain the environmental problems created by household batteries. The program reduces serious discharge of pollutants by the local waste incinerator. 15 Invasive Species Control. Working with a land-management agency or organization, help control or eliminate exotic plant or animal species that pose a threat to native species. Educate others to recognize invasive species and to conserve and protect our native plant and animal heritage. Other good ideas for projects may be found in the publications and pamphlets of groups such as the National Audubon Society, the Izaak Walton League, the National Wildlife Federation, or governmental agencies including the Environmental Protection Agency, US Forest Service, Army Corps of Engineers, Bureau of Land Management, Fish and Wildlife Service, National Park Service, state natural resource conservation agencies, and state cooperative extension services. Always discuss project ideas with your Eagle Advisor, your Hornaday Advisor, and your Conservation Advisor as you go through the selection process. Research A fundamental part of the Hornaday program is education. By educating yourself, you can teach others and possibly even start a chain reaction. Naturally, your knowledge has to come from somewhere. Therefore, proper research is an essential component to every Hornaday project. As soon as you have your project idea (and possibly even before then) begin to research all you can about your project. While you do not have to be an expert on everything, you do want to be knowledgeable about your project. If you cannot explain the purpose of your project or how to go about doing it, you cannot expect others to understand either. There is a wealth of information at your fingertips covering a wide variety of subjects. Merit Badge Pamphlets are a good starting point. Libraries often have wide selections of nature and ecology books in the science sections. Encyclopedias provide a way to learn about certain environmental topics. Frequently, libraries carry old newspapers or geographic studies that can be important in gathering information. With parental permission, the Internet can be a useful source of information as well. Make sure to keep track of all the research you conduct. Properly cite all of your sources - you will need them to refer back to and they will need to be included in your final report. 16 Project Proposal After conducting your research and discussing your ideas with your Eagle Advisors, Hornaday Advisor, and Conservation Advisor, you will need to create a Project Proposal. A sample Project Proposal may look like this: My proposed Hornaday Project is to stabilize an area of riverbank on the shores of Lake Austin. Several areas along the riverbank are being eroded away, and the waves created by boaters and the steep slope of the shoreline disrupt habitats along the riverbank. My project will help slow the erosion of the shoreline and provide a gentler slope for animals to access the river from the land and vice-versa. Riverbanks can be stabilized in a number of ways. My plan is to build a structure between the river and the land with concrete bags and 3x5 inch rock for backfill. This structure will follow the curves of the river and “stabilize” the riverbank from further erosion. By stair-stepping 2-3 rows of concrete bags, the slope will be reduced significantly. River water will slowly wet the bags, molding them in place over a period of weeks. A backfill of 3x5 inch rocks will extend one meter from the shoreline. This will serve to prevent further erosion of the shoreline from behind the concrete bags, and can provide a suitable habitat for small mammals and other creatures. Overall, the project will require 10-15 Scouts for moving concrete bags and backfill, and 3-7 adults to help with supervising the work and Handling hazardous equipment or vehicles. I plan to contact a building supplies company for donations of concrete. In accordance with Hornaday and to ensure the success of my project, I will educate others about safety and the impact of soil and water conservation on the environment. Examples of the safety measures I will teach include proper lifting and signs of hypothermia. Conservation principles I will teach include the dangers of accelerated erosion and why a stable shoreline is imperative to local animal habitats. The Project Proposal should explicitly address the Eagle Service Project and Hornaday award requirements, specifically the continuation and 17 communication requirements. In this way, the proposal demonstrates that this is a project that would satisfy all requirements. Once the Project Proposal has been completed, it can be copied and sent to your Scoutmaster, Eagle Advisor, Committee Chair, Hornaday Advisor, sponsoring organization, and Conservation Advisor. Expect them to have questions and comments and for the Project Proposal to go through several revisions before it is acceptable to all. This process uncovers fatal flaws in some proposals and the proposal is rejected. In that case, the Scout will need to look at other ideas and develop a new proposal. Project Approval DO NOT START YOUR PROJECT until you have obtained all of the necessary signatures for approval. In the Eagle Project Workbook, there are two pages for signatures. The first, requiring your Scoutmaster, Troop Eagle Advisor, District Eagle Advisor, and sponsoring organization MUST be completed prior to your physical work on the project. The CCC also provides a form requiring signatures from your Hornaday Advisor and Conservation Advisor. This form is Appendix A of this Handbook, and can also be downloaded from the Hornaday website. Once you have obtained all the necessary signatures, you may begin working on the physical portion of your project. Upon the completion of your project, you will be ready to obtain the final signatures of approval. Use the second signature sheet in the Eagle Workbook, requiring only signatures from your Scoutmaster, the sponsoring organization, and your own signature, and obtain the appropriate approval. After all three sheets have been properly signed, your workbook will be ready for presentation at a Board of Review - assuming you have also included all of the proper documentation and all sections of your workbook have been completed. It is a good idea to MAKE COPIES of your signatures sheets. Nothing is more embarrassing and looks more irresponsible than having to ask your (very busy) Advisors for their signatures a second time. By making a copy of your signature sheets and keeping them in a safe place, you ensure that even if your workbook gets lost (which happens quite frequently), you will be able to submit another immediately and without any hassle. 18 Project Planning Additional Research. In addition to research you may have conducted in the beginning to find a project, you will need to set aside time to look at the more detailed aspects of your project - things like developing project designs, determining the amount of materials, labor and equipment you will need, and how to get the funds to support your project. Take time to do your research correctly and thoroughly. Visit your local library, consult knowledgeable individuals, and find credible websites (your parents and advisors can help you find these websites) to help you. Do not forget to document all of your research, and take notes on what you learn. Technical Design. Before you begin to implement your project, it is important that you, your advisors, and your work crew have an idea of what your finished project will look like. Sketching out pictures and drawing diagrams can help you visualize your final product, and enable you to see things you may have missed previously. Having visual aides can also help others understand their tasks and visualize what is expected of them. Plotting a design is also a necessity when it comes to being conservation-minded. You will need to keep in mind the surrounding community, ecosystems, and environment as you try to implement your project. You may also run into financial or political concerns as you propose project ideas. This is where your research comes in: you should have several different options in mind to carry out your project. Very rarely is a project completed without some change made in the process. Remember the Scout motto: “Be Prepared.” With a design in hand, you will be more prepared to handle anything that comes your way. Material, Manpower, and Equipment. A critical part of project planning is to convert the technical design of your project into a detailed list of the material, work force, and equipment you will need to complete the project. Work closely with your Conservation Advisor to be sure you have identified the quantities of all the materials you will need. Do not forget to build in a margin of error for spoilage and for contingencies. You do not want to run out of materials when you have your work force on site. Most importantly, do not forget refreshments for your volunteers. Define the jobs on the project and how many hours it will realistically take to complete each task. Determine which jobs can be handled by 19 Scouts or other youth and which require adults. When estimating time, allow for set up, breaks, and the fact that everyone works as hard and steadily as you might like. How will the hours required to complete the project vary with the number of workers you are able to recruit? The equipment needed for each project may include computers, hand tools, power tools, vehicles, and earthmoving equipment. With the right equipment, the work will go more smoothly and quickly. If you overlook important pieces of equipment, you may not be able to complete the work in the planned time. Err on the side of having more equipment than you need. Budgeting. One you have the list of materials and equipment, you can prepare a budget. This is where you use what you learned when you earned the Personal Management Merit Badge. Whether you use paper and pencil or a computer spreadsheet, take the time to develop a detailed budget. It is a good idea to start with the assumption that you will have to buy all materials and rent any equipment except hand tools that you cannot supply yourself. Once you know how much things cost, you will know how much money you have to raise and which donated items would be the most valuable. A sample expense budget is shown in Table 4. Additional examples of project budgets are found in the case studies. Expenditures. Table 4 Estimated and Actual Expenditures Item Estimated Actual Cost Difference Cost 1 Shovel $10 $0 $10 (donated) 100 Seedlings $500 ($5 per) $500 $0 1 Gardening Pail $7 $0 $7 (donated) Total $517 $500 $17 Funding. Finding funds to make a terrific project possible may be a challenge for a Scout. Some projects may require substantial labor resources and little financial resources. Others may require significant financial resources and limited physical resources. Most projects will fall somewhere in between. Preparing a project budget can be a good way for a scout to understand the financial requirements that might be needed to complete a project. 20 Gathering materials can be easy if you are resourceful. Most federal agencies and parks and wildlife departments have tools and equipment that you can use with permission. You might own materials, or your Troop might have equipment available to you. Some companies will donate items if they know you are doing your project through Scouts (a non-profit organization). You will benefit from getting the items you require, and the company can use the expense as a tax write-off. However, you may need to put in a request early, sometimes up to a year in advance! If you need extra cash, look into getting a grant. A grant is money awarded to an individual specifically for use on a project. Agencies often give grants to individuals with well-thought-out plans and a labor force to carry out the project. Your local Chamber of Commerce may be able to supply names of businesses and contact people who have contributed funding to similar projects in the past. Many local businesses are aware of the contributions made by Scouts in their communities and are often reliable sources of funding. Do not forget to consider individuals who have a vested interest in the project or issue and sources who will donate in-kind materials, services, or information. Government support for conservation projects comes from a number of different agencies at local, state, and federal levels. Government agencies each have formal procedures and their own forms to be submitted for a funding application. The review process can be lengthy. Just like applying for a grant, it may take from six months to a year to have an answer to your request. Sources and Funds. Table 5 Funding Sources Source Amount Friends and Family $250 Sponsoring Organization Grant $100 Fundraiser $150 Total $500 The amount you spend should equal the amount that you receive. If your expenditures are less than your funds, you have a surplus that can be used to expand upon the project, returned, or put toward another Scout’s project. If your expenditures are greater than your budget, you have a deficit, and will need to find some way to fundraise to pay for the remaining cost. 21 Scheduling. Several months before you begin the actual project, you will need to determine a date and time for carrying it out. When deciding times for a project, keep the following questions in mind: How many days will you need to complete the project? What will you do each day? Will you need the entire day, or only a part of it? What will you do if you are unable to work on of your days? Scheduling the project can be as important as the physical project itself. If you are working in the summer months, try working earlier in the day or later in the evening to stay out of direct sunlight. Avoid rainy months to prevent adverse weather conditions. Plan on working in the warmer months if your project involves being in the water. Weather can also affect seed growth depending on the time of year. The best way to avoid weather - and other unforeseeable problems - is to have a back-up day planned in advance. Let everyone know that which day will be set aside if one of your original days has to be postponed. Remember the Scout motto: “Be Prepared.” Recruiting. Of course, you will need a hard-working team of volunteers to work the equipment. Enlist friends from your Troop, school, the community, the Order of the Arrow, and any other places you can think of. Many of these people will jump at the opportunity to help you, and they are a good resource. When looking for volunteers, there are limitless possibilities. It is always a good idea to start within your Troop, since fellow Scouts will have experience with leadership and working on service projects. Ask your friends from school, sports teams, clubs, and others in the community you are close to. The Order of the Arrow has numerous individuals who will help you in carrying out service projects. If you are part of a Venture Crew, Sea Scout Ship, or have been to a High Adventure Base with a crew, you can invite them to your project. Communication and Coverage. Teaching others is one of the most effective ways to spread the word about resource conservation. Dr. Hornaday helped educate others through his books and articles, many of which were featured by the Boy Scouts. By finding ways to include publicity in your project, you are expanding the audience that can be educated by your project. Possible sources of media include newspapers, television broadcasts, on-line media (i.e. YouTube), and much more. Before contacting a media source, determine the Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How of your project. Who is the person carrying out this project (you), and who are all of the Packs, Troop, Crews, schools, 22 communities, and other individuals involved in it? What is the project trying to accomplish that it deserves attention? When is the project happening, or has it already been completed? Is it an ongoing project? Where will the project be located, and is its location an important part of its significance? Why is the project important to the local community? How does your project make a difference? Once you have given these questions plenty of thought, you are ready to begin writing a press release. A press release is a short statement (no longer than a page or two) that introduces your project to others who may be unfamiliar with what you are trying to accomplish. A good press release is brief, concise, and relates the purpose of your project in a way that others can understand. Remember, the reason you are getting media coverage is to teach others. When you teach others, they will be aware of how better to conserve resources, can pass their knowledge on to others, and may even carry out similar projects on their own. Your project is important. Every action counts and lots of small actions contribute to big changes. Having a dialog with the community is an excellent way for you to learn how valuable your efforts are to your community. Continuation. The spirit of Hornaday is not about one-time service. In fact, many projects left alone over time either disappear altogether, or create negative side effects far worse than the benefits of the original project. You have to define what continuation means for your project and create a detailed plan for how the continuation will be accomplished. Without a plan, good intentions and your commitment to continuation will be forgotten. Hornaday is about the management of resource conservation—that is, keeping up with the conditions of completed projects to ensure that they benefit future generations. By keeping a close eye on your project, you can ensure its lasting impact. You can also revise your project if something goes wrong. As part of your project planning and research, you will develop a specific continuation component and decide who will carry it out and how. Suppose you lead a project to plant 100 trees. After one year, you come back and find 50 trees remaining - not a bad survival rate. After two years, you only find 10 trees, and you notice that they look sickly and weak. Does this mean you failed? Of course not. What it does infer is that you may need to adjust your original goals and expectations. Perhaps a different species of tree will survive better in the native 23 soils, or perhaps you need to find a tree that uses less water in a dryer region. Whatever the case may be, the important part is that you find a way to look after your project, so it can be enjoyed by several generations. Some projects may require more abstract forms of continuation. Establishing a project based around distributing information, like a Community Newsletter or a Recycling Program, might require you to form a club at your school to continue future educational efforts. If your project includes building a stable structure, the structure itself may not require maintenance. One way to ensure continuation is to educate others about the project and its purpose. Bring others to the project - for a Troop or Den meeting - and give a short talk about what your project was. You may consider building a kiosk to explain the significance for you, or installing signs that give a brief description about what went on. The possibilities are endless. Documentation. While working on your project, document each step of the process as you advance. Record all of your hours spent planning, researching, meeting, and preparing for your project. Many Scouts focus on the actual time spent in the field working, and often do not realize all of the preparation, research, negotiation, design, approvals, etc. that they also completed. Keep any drawings and sketches of the project you made in order to prepare. You will need to maintain detailed records of what was done and by whom, when they did it, who was contacted and for what reason, what materials were used, and so on. Make sure to record hours for all individuals present, not just yourself. These records are also helpful in discussions with professional experts or advisors from the community. Regular periods of reflection allow the Scouts to evaluate their projects. Through this process, Scouts can determine whether their actions are on target or if they need to modify their plans. New information or unexpected events can affect the project. It is okay to rethink the project goals and objectives and to revise the action plan if necessary. Project Execution Leadership. Many Scouts interested in pursuing a Hornaday Badge may not have much experience in leadership. To be an effective leader, one must work to improve one’s skills, take the time to understand the group, and learn how to apply the appropriate leadership style for the group and situation. 24 Leadership skills can be divided into three categories: technical skills, human relations skills, and conceptual skills. Effective leaders combine these skills in a manner that helps them accomplish their goals. Technical skills are those that are specific to accomplishing a task. People with technical skills know how to perform the tasks required to get the job done. Agency partners often contribute technical skills to a project. Human relation skills are those that involve interactions with others. Human relation skills include good communication skills, the ability to understand group dynamics, and the ability to inspire and motivate people and help them feel valued and respected. Conceptual skills involve the ability to communicate and share a vision. Conceptual skills involve the ability to analyze, anticipate, and use critical thinking and problem-solving skills. Know Your Group. You will want to recruit assistance from fellow Scouts and others in the community for his or her project. Working with those that share your ideas and convictions will make the project run more smoothly. Fellow Scouts who are friends but do not share the same goals for your project can hinder the project. Choose volunteers wisely as projects often require a long-term commitment. Risk Management. Good safety and risk management planning is essential to provide a safe experience for Scouts and all other participants. Safety on the project starts with the leader. The Scout should prepare a list of safety guidelines and enlist the aid of adult leaders to ensure safety during the project. If possible, the Scout should visit the project site with the group before the actual work date to explain the project. This is a good time to identify and discuss any safety hazards or need for any special safety equipment such as goggles, gloves, or sunscreen. The Scout should enlist the assistance of at least one person who holds a current certification in First Aid and CPR to be present during the work phase of the project. The Troop or Crew should have a First Aid kit that the Scout can use while working on the project. Weather can pose an immediate and dangerous threat to Scouts. Consider weather conditions when planning work days, and have a back-up day in advance. It is far better to reschedule a work day than to place Scouts at risk. 25 It is the responsibility of the Project Leader to monitor the group. You need to keep an eye on the energy level of the group. Planning should include time for breaks and snacks. If participants are tired or bored, low spirits may threaten safety. It is always preferable to return to the project site another day rather than risk injury. Dealing with the Unexpected. You do not have to be familiar with the book, The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy to understand the importance of “DON’T PANIC.” These words are good advice, as every project will eventually meet with obstacles of some sort. Be prepared to expect the unexpected; after all, it is part of the leadership experience. As the leader of your project, it is your responsibility to deal with changes as needed. It is absolutely fine to consult with adult leaders and get their input on a situation. Just remember that you make the final decisions (you are the boss, after all). Documentation Documentation also refers to a record of the physical project itself. Arrive before the day of the project to take pictures from all angles. During the project and after it has been completed, take pictures from the same or similar angles. Then compare the site before and after, using the pictures. You can even create a display board to showcase your project at your Troop. Other forms of documentation include recognition given to your project from outside sources. Letters are a common form, especially from the sponsoring organization and the local community. If your project is featured in a newspaper, obtain a copy and include it with your final report. Both of these items document the impact of your project and the attention it has received from individuals and groups. Communication Part of project execution is carrying out your communication plan. If you want press coverage of the project as it is executed, call the media several times, including the day of the project. Prepare and circulate your press releases. Write and mail your thank you notes. Application and Approval Project Workbook. Use the Eagle Project Workbook (available through the Council Office) to document the project itself. This includes the project planning, project details, documentation of the work, budget, any changes you made, and of course, the approval 26 signature pages. This is the core of your Hornaday Workbook as well, so keep copies of the workbook. You will need to add several components to the Eagle Workbook in order to make it a Hornaday Workbook. First, you will need to include the proper paperwork—the Hornaday signature sheet, the Hornaday Badge Application, and a list of the Merit Badges you have earned. You will need to include the research you used in your project (cited properly). Document beyond that required of an Eagle project. Rather than just a few photos, include such things as detailed photos from several angles, letters received from the sponsoring organization, newspaper articles your project was featured in, and thank you notes. Your project is a trial, an experiment of sorts, which should be able to be reproduced by other Scouts who wish to carry out a similar project. With this in mind, documentation becomes a necessity and will be a major factor in distinguishing an Eagle project from a Hornaday project. Sign-off. As previously mentioned, you need to complete a total of three signature sheets before you submit your name for a Hornaday Board of Review. Two of the sheets can be found in the Eagle Scout Workbook. The initial signature sheet, which MUST be complete before the physical labor of the project occurs, requires approval from the Scoutmaster, Troop Advancement Chair, District Eagle Advisor, and sponsoring organization. The second signature sheet in the Eagle Workbook is to be completed immediately after the project has been finished, with signatures once again from the Troop Advancement Chair and the sponsoring organization, along with your signature. The Hornaday signature sheet is included in this Handbook and will be available from your CCC. See Appendix A. The sheet requires signatures from your Hornaday Advisor and your Conservation Advisor. In addition to signature sheets, the Hornaday Badge has an application of its own that must be submitted to the Council by your Hornaday Advisor. It consists of four sheets (also included in this Handbook as Appendix A or available through the CCC) that ask for your Merit Badge history, a description of your project, and signatures from each individual who also signed off on your Eagle approval sheets. Hornaday and Eagle Boards of Review. Congratulations! The hardest part is over, and you have made it to your Board of Review. Well, technically, your Boards of Review. Eagle and Hornaday Boards are completely separate boards. Your Troop Advancement Chair will work with you to set up your Eagle Board while you work with your 27 Hornaday Advisor to set up a Hornaday Board. So what can you expect from each one, and how can you best prepare yourself? First, let us look at the Eagle Board of Review. The Board itself consists of your District Eagle Advisor, a Chairperson, and individuals you select from your religious institution, community, and workplace. It will be a total of between three and six people. These men and women will ask you about your entire Scouting experience, from Cub Scouts to Life Scout and beyond. The Board will ask you about your interaction with the community, the service you have performed, your involvement with your faith, and your plans for the future, among other things. Overall, an Eagle Board of Review focuses on your Scouting career. A Hornaday Board of Review has slightly different objectives. First, it will consist of approximately three representatives from the Council Conservation Committee. These men and women will want to know more about your project than your entire Scouting career. You should be able to explain exactly how your project is involved in resource conservation, its environmental impact, and the goals you have in mind for your project to accomplish. Be prepared to list all of the research you did in preparation for the project, and all of the documentation you took (which should already be included in your Hornaday Workbook). The Committee will ask you how you publicized your project, how you educated others, and how you plan on fulfilling the continuation aspect of your project. Unlike your Eagle Board, which will treat your Eagle project as a leadership experience, the Hornaday Board will focus more on the conservation-impact aspect of your project. After The Badge You have completed all the requirements for the Badge. Paperwork has been submitted, and now it is just a matter of waiting until the Badge gets delivered to your Troop. There is nothing more you can do… Or is there? Continuation. You are on your honor, Scout’s honor, to carry out your continuation plan. If someone else was responsible for carrying out the continuation, you should verify that they did. Giving Back. Now that you have earned the title of a Hornaday Badge recipient, you have an important duty. You are a role model for others to follow. Wear the badge on your uniform with pride. Younger boys will want to know what it stands for, and how you got it. 28 Help out as a peer advisor in your Troop. Your friends will be working on their Eagle projects soon, and they will need project ideas. They may even want to know how they can earn Hornaday Badges for themselves. And you, being the wise and experienced person you are, will be able to help them. You have had the firsthand experience, from start to finish, of the Hornaday process. If you are interested in helping others with their Hornaday projects, you can also act as a Hornaday Representative within your Troop. A Hornaday Representative directs Scouts in need of Hornaday Advisors and Conservation Advisors to the appropriate people. Since you have already worked on a project, you should be familiar with some Hornaday Advisors and Conservation Advisors already. Of course, if you still have an interest in actively conserving resources, then perhaps you will work toward your Bronze or Silver Medal. Earning a Medal is much harder than earning the Badge, but with perseverance, hard work, and a little luck, you can get there. Whatever you choose to do, we hope you continue to involve conservation in your life. What we do today can last a lifetime, or longer. 29 CHAPTER THREE: CASE STUDY OF A SOIL & WATER CONSERVATION PROJECT Introduction My name is Josh Rutenberg and I am an Eagle Scout and Hornaday Badge Recipient from Troop 28. My Troop is chartered to Congregation Agudas Achim, and is located in North Austin. I earned the rank of Life in 2003, and in 2005, I began work on my Eagle project. I knew I wanted to earn my Hornaday Badge, but I did not know how to get there. This case study is about the process I went through to earn my Hornaday Badge, beginning, like many Hornaday recipients, as a Life Scout with little experience in conservation awareness. By attending summer camps between 2002 and 2004, I had earned the Energy, Environmental Science, and Soil and Water Conservation Merit Badges required for Group 1, and the Geology and Weather Merit Badges from Group 2. Table 6 is a timeline of the project I used to satisfy requirements for my Eagle Service project and my Hornaday Badge project. Choosing a Project After earning the rank of Life Scout in 2003, I decided to postpone working on my Eagle project so I could further my leadership experience and take time to observe different Eagle projects. During the summer of 2004, I spent time talking with experts at wildlife refuges and nature preserves, exploring possible trail building, forestry, and wildlife protection projects. My parents suggested a xeriscaping project - planting flowers and trees that require little or no extra water than what the natural habitat provides. However, I was unable to find an organization to work with on my own. As more and more ideas began to form, I decided it was time to take the first steps of my Eagle service project. In February of 2005, I contacted the Troop Advancement Chair, and informed him of my interest in carrying out an Eagle project. Keeping in mind my goal to earn the Hornaday Badge, I focused on identifying a project that would fulfill both the Hornaday and Eagle project requirements. Soon after the Troop Advancement Chair and I had informed the Scoutmaster that I would be working on my project, I sought out a sponsoring organization. The Troop Advancement Chair then directed me to the Longhorn District Eagle Advisor. By March, I had contacted 30 the District Advisor for approval and I had narrowed my list to just a handful of potential projects. After I contacted my Troop Advancement Chair and Eagle Advisor, I could proceed with selecting an Eagle project. In March of 2005, while running into dead-ends for sponsoring organizations, I found a phone number for a Conservation Advisor on the District website. I contacted Mr. Nalle, a member of the Hill Country Conservancy, and asked him if the Conservancy had any conservation projects I could lead. Mr. Nalle happily accepted my offer and we set up a meeting time to discuss project ideas. Research In finding a project that appealed to me, I considered xeriscaping, habitat restoration, trail building, and several other options. After settling on riverbank stabilization with Mr. Nalle, I found three or four other projects similar to mine others had completed. From these I saw different approaches and techniques for building the stabilizer, and how the method of instillation affected the surrounding environment. It was from this research and Mr. Nalle’s advice that I decided to backfill the stabilizer with rock. From day one, research played a major role in the decisions I made. Between April and October of 2005, Mr. Nalle and I went back and forth discussing my project. I told Mr. Nalle of my interest in conservation and the Hornaday Badge, and he showed me several suitable conservation efforts in progress. Several on-going projects, including brush clearing, building birdhouses for threatened species in the area, and habitat protection, were very appealing. One in particular though, riverbank stabilization, caught my attention. After inspecting a part of the riverbank with an erosion problem, I went home and researched erosion and riverbank stabilization. For one hour a week from March to August, I searched for stabilization projects implemented by others to learn the processes and materials they used, and their overall success. I found organizations and people all across the country who were implementing similar projects hoping for achieving similar results. From their work, I developed my own plan to stabilize the riverbank, which materials to use, and how many people would be needed. Most important, I realized that I would need concrete in mesh liners, because regular concrete bags would dissolve too quickly and disperse the concrete before it hardened. I found a company called Quikrete that supplied mesh-lined concrete, and was able to place an order through Lowe’s. 31 Table 6 Timeline for Shoreline Stabilization Project 2003 Earned rank of Life Scout 2005 CHOOSING A PROJECT March - Began researching projects and recruited advisors April 3rd - First meeting with Conservation Advisor May-August - Conducted research on different projects and their impacts August 7th - 2nd Meeting with Conservation Advisor August 24th - Confirmed project with Scoutmaster September 4th Obtained approval from Troop Advancement Chair and District Eagle Advisor for project as Eagle service project. Obtained approval from Hornaday Advisor, Conservation Advisor and Sponsoring organization for project as Hornaday Badge project. PROJECT PLANNING September Researched and determined materials, equipment and labor needed Scheduled my project date on the Troop Calendar Planned purchase of materials Drafted a Technical Design Made lists of volunteers Gave a presentation to Scouts October 1st - Third meeting with Conservation Advisor PROJECT EXECUTION October 8th - Day 1 of Project October 9th - Day 2 of Project September-October - Wrote and submitted a news article to 9 papers October 27th - Westlake Picayune runs the article November 4th - Jewish Outlook runs the article APPLICATION AND APPROVAL November 12th - Final Approval from Scoutmaster Final Approval from sponsoring organization December - Board of Review held at Lost Pines Scout Reservation 2006 March - Hornaday Award presented during Eagle Scout Court of Honor 32 The Sponsoring Organization: Hill Country Conservancy2 The Hill Country Conservancy is a nonprofit land trust committed to preserving the natural beauty and open spaces of the Texas Hill Country - forever. The Hill Country Conservancy works to ensure a healthy environment and economy in the Barton Springs Edwards Aquifer region by preserving natural areas, scenic vistas, rivers and streams, working farms and ranches, and the rural heritage of the Texas Hill Country for generations to come. You can visit its website at http://www.hillcountryconservancy.org/. It is an affiliate of The Nature Conservancy, an organization that protects more than 117 million acres of land and 5,000 miles of rivers, and operates more than 100 marine conservation projects globally. The Nature Conservancy web site is http://www.nature.org. My project took place at the Bunny Run Nature Preserve - an area of land protected by the Hill Country Conservancy. Situated on the banks of the Colorado River on Lake Austin, the 35-acre Nalle Bunny Run Wildlife Preserve is not only an environmental treasure, but an important habitat restoration project as well. The preserve was donated to Hill Country Conservancy in December 2000 and is named for Anne Byrd Nalle. Mrs. Nalle had wished for years to preserve her beloved "Bunny Run" for the public to enjoy. Her strong conservation ethic inspired her husband, "Tex," and son, Bill, to join her in donating the land to Hill Country Conservancy. Bill and his wife, Christie, still live on adjoining land and partner with Hill Country Conservancy to manage the preserve. The following maps show the location and boundaries of the preserve. The location of my project is also indicated with the red flag marked as A on the maps. The Nalle Bunny Run Wildlife Preserve has, as its central mission, the enhancement of wildlife habitat—removing brush and replanting the land with native grasses, understory plants, and trees will enhance water quality on the site and support even more diverse animal populations. Hill Country Conservancy volunteers, Boy Scout troops, and others regularly help with restoration projects. 2 The information in this section draws freely from the information posted on the Hill Country Conservancy website. All statements and pictures in this section belong to the Hill Country Conservancy and its partnering organizations. 33 Texas with the Texas Hill Country Defined Nalle Bunny Run Wildlife Preserve View from Google Maps 34 Nalle Bunny Run Wildlife Preserve Nalle Bunny Run Wildlife Preserve Aerial View 35 The land also serves as an important "bridge" between the Balcones Canyonlands Preserve to the north and Wild Basin Wilderness Preserve to the south. These preserves provide habitat for rare, endangered, or threatened species, especially the golden-cheeked warbler and the black-capped vireo. The Nalle Bunny Run Wildlife Preserve is managed primarily for the benefit of songbirds, small mammals, and migratory, wintering, and breeding waterfowl. The following photos give a sense of the shoreline and upland terrain of the preserve. The Preserve borders Lake My project took place along the Austin and is home to a large shoreline, where heavy erosion variety of wildlife. from boat traffic caused the shoreline to recede. Project Approval Mr. Nalle and I defined Riverbank Stabilization as creating a permanent structure that would significantly slow riverbank erosion in the area. This fit well into the Hornaday project category of Soil and Water Conservation. The primary purpose of the project would be to break up waves from boats along Lake Austin, leaving the riverbank undisturbed. The project would also provide a more suitable habitat for fishes, reptiles, and amphibians and help restore stability to exposed tree roots. I determined that my project dealt with both soil on the shore and water in the river, so it fit well as a Soil and Water Conservation project. The primary effect of the stabilizer is to prevent accelerated erosion from cutting deeper into the shoreline and destroying more animal habitat (not to mention the dangerously exposed tree roots). Secondary effects include providing habitats for small mammals and reptiles, and a smoother slope for animals needing to reach water. The riverbank stabilization also protected tree roots from further exposure, allowing the roots to regain stability and, consequently, further reduce erosion. 36 I then discussed possible dates for my project with Mr. Nalle and my Scoutmaster. We decided that October 8th-10th would be best, before the river would be too cold to work in and with an extra day on Monday (Columbus Day), in case a problem occurred on Saturday or Sunday. By this point, I had begun to meet with my Hornaday Advisor, Mr. McClure. My biggest concern was how to incorporate the coverage and continuation requirements for a Hornaday project into the Bunny Run project. Mr. McClure outlined several possibilities and we determined which ones would be feasible and which ones would not. Satisfying the Continuation requirement seemed easy enough at first, since my project was a self-contained structure requiring little upkeep. However, that was not significant enough to satisfy the ideals of Hornaday. Instead, I opted to educate others in my Troop and community about the project. Word of mouth is a great opportunity to provide Continuation and lasts long after the physical labor is completed. For the Coverage portion of my project, we agreed that local newspapers could spread the word very effectively. I decided to write a press release covering the Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How of my project and distribute the release to an agreed list of newspapers. Project Planning Technical Design. Below are some schematics I sketched for my project. Materials. In its present condition, the riverbank was a sheer “drop- off” with no slope between the shoreline and the river. My technical plan was to place concrete bags in a stair-stepped manner that followed the natural curves of the riverbank. The remaining erosion hazard area between the bags and the riverbank would be backfilled with crushed rock. I developed the following list of materials necessary to execute the plan. Three pallets (60 bags total, 80 lb each) of “Quikrete: Rip-Rap” brand concrete (with plastic mesh liners to prevent premature hardening) One dump truck load of 3 x 5-inch rock (approximately eight cubic yards) One first aid kit 37 One food cooler Two bags of ice Sunscreen Equipment. Although my project was not equipment intensive (we relied on physical strength to transport concrete), it did require two important items. First, we needed a way to carry the rock, which was stationed at a central location, to the far edges of the riverbank in an efficient manner. To accomplish this, I procured ten 20-gallon buckets. In addition, for safety and ease of all participants, I purchased 20 pairs of gloves to be used for handling concrete and rocks. Labor. I estimated I would need about 20 Scouts and five or six adults to accomplish the project in two or three days. Some of the tasks would require older Scouts while some could be done by Scouts of any age. Budget and Funding. I initially approached Lowe’s and asked them to donate the concrete. Lowe’s could not donate any of the necessary concrete, so I sent in a letter to the Conservancy requesting funding for my project. I received a $250 grant that I then used to buy half of the concrete. To obtain the other $250 necessary for purchasing the remaining concrete, I wrote letters to family and friends asking for 38 donations to help with the rest of the concrete. My request was answered, and I soon had the money to buy all the remaining concrete. In addition to providing funds for concrete, Mr. Nalle (on behalf of the Conservancy) also arranged for all eight cubic yards of backfill to be purchased and delivered to the project site. The Conservancy located and then purchased the rock with its own funds. Some of the five-gallon buckets that we used to carry the backfill were donated by friends, and the remainder were donated by a local bakery. Gloves, necessary for handling the concrete bags and rocks, were purchased and donated to Troop 28 for use on other Eagle Scout projects. My family provided the food, which included lunch on Saturday, snacks throughout both days, and drinks for hydrating volunteers. More food was purchased than expected due to a higher number of participants. Extra food was also purchased, including items like Gatorade and beef jerky to give participants the extra energy they needed. The $250 grant from the Conservancy, along with the donation of backfill and buckets provided by friends and family largely covered the overall project expenses, and offset the extra costs for the food. Excess concrete and backfill were used to extend the length of the stabilizer by five feet on one side, and to repair an old and degraded stabilizer protecting another five feet of riverbank. While not accounted for in the budget, extra time also made it possible to extend the length of the stabilizer. All receipts were saved, photocopied, and documented. Receipts were later used to calculate the final balance for the budget. Scheduling. My schedule for the project consisted of two main work days and a back up day (Columbus Day), October 8th-10th. I planned a full day Saturday, a total of six hours, complete with lunch and periodic breaks throughout the day. My plan for Sunday was for three hours in the afternoon. If work on Monday was needed, it would be up to a six hour day. The schedule for Saturday involved groups carrying concrete bags to the river, placing the concrete bags into the river, and, for the younger Scouts, backfilling the area in-between. I planned to use the time on Sunday to finish placing concrete bags neatly and efficiently. It also provided a day to place any remaining concrete. Both younger and older Scouts would carry backfill to the river on this day. Monday provided a back-up day for any parts of the project that still needed to 39 be completed. This was imperative, as the concrete bags could only remain outside a short time before setting permanently. Table 7 Expenditures Item Budget Cost Variance Concrete Bags w/ $500.00 $500.00 $ 0.00 Liners 3x5in rock (8 yds^3) $250.00 Donated -$250.00 Buckets $ 10.00 $ 5.00 -$ 5.00 Food and snacks $100.00 $101.99 $ 1.99 Gloves $ 10.00 $ 6.04 -$ 3.96 Food Cooler $ 5.00 Donated -$ 5.00 Ice $ 2.00 $ 2.00 $ 0.00 Sunscreen $ 1.00 Donated -$ 1.00 Total $868.00 $615.03 -$246.97 Table 8 Sources of Funds Sources Funds Hill Country Conservancy $250 grant $250 3x5 in rock (eight cubic yards) Family Members $250 Parents $110.03 Friends $5 (in donated buckets) Total $615.03 Recruiting. Over the summer, I compiled a lengthy list of everyone I thought might be able to help, (numbering in the 50s) including members of Scout Units I was or had been a member of: Pack 36, Troops 157 and 28, and Crew 36, along with friends from McNeil High School, my community, the Tonkawa Lodge of the Order of the Arrow, and Scouts from my Philmont trek. I estimated that I would require between 10 and 20 individuals to complete my project over a period of two days. In August, I created an email list that I used to inform people of dates, times, and other important information. To properly prepare those working from my Troop, I set aside time in a September Troop meeting (about 10 minutes after the closing) and gave a brief oral presentation on the Hornaday program, the purpose of my project, and the plan for implementing the project. The day of my project, I spent the first half hour outlining the purpose of my 40 project again, focusing on the importance of its lasting environmental impact About 30 individuals, youths and adults, volunteered to help work on my project. I started sending emails and following up with phone calls in August, and continued throughout September and early October. All those on the list, along with some last-minute volunteers, showed up on one (or both) of the days ready and prepared to work. Project Execution Leadership. The biggest piece of leadership advice I received from my Scoutmaster was to avoid micromanagement at all costs. Micromanagement is trying to perform every detail of the project yourself or focusing on one small part of it, when you should be overseeing the project and watching the big picture. To best accomplish this goal, I delegated duties to team leaders who then managed individual sections. This allowed me to observe the progress of the project as a whole, while making changes that I found necessary. During my project, I was fortunate enough to have a core group of individuals I knew and trusted to get the job done. Many of these individuals were 14 years old and older, senior troop leadership, and members of a venture crew. From these people I designated three as team leaders. The team leaders and the Safety Officer were designated after talks with my Scoutmaster and Mr. Nalle. Those volunteers were then contacted one week before the work weekend to confirm their responsibilities. I assigned one team leader to concrete transportation, one to rock transportation, and one to the river (where concrete bags were being placed). Each team leader was expected to direct the placement of their material, and run their section with as much efficiency as possible. With the remaining older Scouts, especially those who were physically able to lift heavy objects, I chose a group of six to carry concrete bags in pairs. It was important that each pair worked well together, taking into consideration factors like height, age, and maturity. Safety Precautions. A primary concern of my project involved the lifting of heavy concrete bags and transporting them over a distance of several feet. Lifting safety was addressed early by both my Scoutmaster and me. I used a portion of a Troop 28 meeting in September to talk about the importance of lifting with the knees and not the back, especially with the heavy loads we would be carrying. On 41 the day of the project, participants were reminded of this, and lifting with the knees was enforced. As a secondary precaution, only older Scouts (14 years old and older) were allowed to carry concrete - all others were assigned to handling the backfill rock. Those handling rock were also instructed to lift with the knees. Involving Cub Scouts in the project required extra safety precautions. Participants under 10 years old were assigned to carry rock, a job that could be adjusted to any person’s strength and easily fixed if a spill were to occur. Since my project would be held in a colder month (October), I needed to account for cold weather complications. Scouts would be reluctant to drink water, feeling properly hydrated and not overheated. However, they could still become dehydrated. To avoid this, water would be available as needed and encouraged with breaks. For those stacking concrete in the river, we would need to watch for signs of shivering and hypothermia. On a regular basis (every hour), the participants would be switched out with a second team. As with carrying concrete, only older Scouts were allowed to work in the river. As is the case with any outdoor project, weather was a major concern. Sunscreen was provided by my family for the participants’ use, but everyone had been encouraged to bring their own through the e-mails and phone calls leading up to the project. In the event of rain, we planned to vacate the river and, in heavy rain, postpone the project for another day. Water would ruin uncovered concrete. As a final precaution, one adult was designated as the Safety Officer each day. His or her job was to ensure the safety of the participants by observing and enforcing a safe work environment. Primary goals for the Safety Officer included watching for signs of dehydration and hypothermia. The Safety Officer was also in charge of carrying a first aid kit at all times, and providing basic medical assistance when needed. Dealing with the Unexpected. Due to uncontrollable factors, I made necessary changes as my project progressed. Most of my changes dealt with weather conditions, or time and material constraints. As sections were completed at different rates, I found that I needed to reassign team leaders. My first thought was to assign a team leader for each process (i.e., carrying concrete) but soon found that assigning a Leader to each section of the shoreline was much more efficient. I also found it necessary to switch off Scouts in the river due to colder than expected air. Since my project was held in October, and cooler air 42 had arrived (the weather varied significantly from the time I started planning my project), hypothermia was a primary concern. The project was completed efficiently in two days with time left over on Sunday afternoon. With this extra time and leftover materials, we extended the original length of the stabilizer five feet to the right, and repaired five feet of an existing stabilizer. An additional ten feet of riverbank was stabilized, for a grand total of 55 feet stabilized by my project. Communication and Coverage. To obtain media coverage, I prepared a one-page article containing the details of my project. I then submitted my article to nine different newspapers in late September. My article was published in two different newspapers, the Westlake Picayune in late September, and the Jewish Outlook in early October. All three media outlets included pictures from my project. The press release is reproduced below. Shoreline Stabilization at Nalle Bunny Run Preserve “Over 30 Scouts and adults from Williamson and Travis Counties met at the Nalle Bunny Run Preserve from October 8th and 9th to build and improve existing riverbank stabilization projects on the shores of Lake Austin. The result of this conservation project is to protect the shoreline from erosion, create a habitat for reptiles, amphibians and fishes, and to reduce the impact of waves from river traffic on other boaters and shoreline habitats.” “Josh Rutenberg, an Eagle Scout from Troop 28 in Austin, Texas, planned and carried out his project in collaboration with the Hill Country Conservancy for his Eagle project. The completion of a conservation project is also one of several requirements necessary to earn the prestigious Hornaday Badge awarded by the Boy Scout of America in recognition of environmental conservation that will serve the community and provide an educational platform for other Scouts attempting similar projects.” “The Hornaday Awards encourage and recognize Scouts who plan, lead and carry out conservation projects that are based on sound scientific principles and practices. The projects should contribute to conservation and environmental improvement to the local community. In addition, the applicant is expected to research potential 43 project ideas and to choose, with guidance from a Hornaday Advisor, a worthy project.” Before Pictures Drop-off shoreline forms a wall Boat traffic waves erode shoreline After Pictures Stair-stepped concrete bags Concrete bags break up waves provide a gradual slope and prevent further erosion A portion of restored stabilizer built with leftover materials 44 I also wrote several letters of appreciation to those who participated in my project. This included not just those who came for the workdays, but also sponsors, advisors, and any other people who supported me in my project. Letters sent included ones to: The Hill Country Conservancy (sponsoring organization) Relatives and Friends Newspapers 45 A summary of my project was also posted on the Hill Country Conservancy website. Continuation The stabilizer is a stable structure that requires little upkeep, and the maintenance necessary can be provided at low cost by the Hill Country Conservancy staff. Mr. Nalle and the Nalle Bunny Run Preserve agreed to monitor the site and provide any necessary maintenance on the project. The stabilizer, built to last for many years with only minor repairs, will require minimal efforts on the part of the Preserve. Education was a large part of my Continuation effort. I spent part of a Troop 28 meeting educating Scouts about the importance of conservation and what my project was doing to help. I also gave similar talks before and after the completion of my project. In March 2006, I spent a day at the Conservancy educating benefactors to the Conservancy about what my project was and how it benefited wildlife at Bunny Run. Members of the Hill Country Conservancy who were interested in helping out attended an all day event hosted by the Preserve, where Mr. Nalle and others gave a series of brief presentations about ongoing and future conservation projects. I prepared a tri-fold board for the event complete with pictures from the workdays, and explained the significance of my project to the members, including its short-term impact of breaking up waves and providing habitats for animals, and its long-term goal of reducing erosion in the area. Documentation Every Eagle service project requires the Scout to develop a project workbook to document the project. With some additions to satisfy Hornaday requirements, this workbook was the way I organized my project documentation. Upon completing my project, the majority of my Eagle Workbook had been completed. I followed the format of the workbook, provided to me by my Troop, and filled it in as I went along. Dividing the work into manageable pieces was not only helpful, it was necessary. By working on a little bit each night, I documented my project thoroughly and without placing a heavy burden on myself by waiting until the last minute. I also added sections for the Hornaday portion, adjusting my workbook to include more pictures of my project, newspaper articles, letters of recommendation, and letters of appreciation. I also included the required applications for the Badge. I knew documentation would be 46 important, so I recorded everything. All the time I spent researching, planning, meeting, etc. was recorded for later use. One week before the project, I arrived at the project location to take “before” pictures. I designated my parents to take pictures of the undeveloped area. That same day, I delegated the task of taking pictures during the project to my mother. She took hundreds of pictures, enabling a step-by-step view of the project to be constructed. By the end of my project, I had hundreds of pictures to remember the project, and these pictures also served as documentation. Several of those pictures were inserted into my Eagle and Hornaday Workbooks. Appreciation and Approval All letters to and from my advisors, all receipts, and all public recognition I received were all saved in a book for later reference. Other forms of documentation I obtained later included a signed letter of recommendation from the Conservancy, newspaper articles of my project, and all the letters of appreciation I sent to participants and others. All the documentation was incorporated into my project workbook. Sign-off. It was necessary for me to obtain signatures on both the Eagle project form and the Hornaday form. The weekend after my project was completed, I visited with Mr. Nalle at the site of my project. I had my Eagle and Hornaday paperwork with me, and we discussed the project, how it went, and what else needed to be done. At the end of our discussion, I obtained his signatures of approval. Back at my Troop, I discussed what went well and what did not with my Troop Advancement Chair. When we finished, he too gave me his signature of approval. On the Hornaday Application sheet, I also obtained signatures from my Conservation Advisor and Hornaday Advisor, Mr. Nalle, and Mr. McClure, respectively. Hornaday and Eagle Boards of Review. My Eagle Board of Review preceded my Hornaday Board of Review. To set up my Eagle Board, I contacted my Troop Eagle Advisor and my District Eagle Advisor to set up a place and time. Members of my Board consisted of my District Eagle Advisor, my Religious Leader, and Representatives from my Community. Six members sat on my Eagle Board of Review. I provided each of them with a copy of my Eagle Scout Workbook, the standard document for recording one’s Eagle Project. Their questions concerned my Scout Spirit, life ambitions, and interaction with my community, along with a heavy emphasis on the project itself. They asked me how 47 I used leadership to carry out my project, the processes I went though to obtain volunteers, and materials. My Hornaday Board of Review was arranged through my Hornaday Advisor. Mr. McClure and I finally decided a Board would be held at 48 Lost Pines where I was working as a Counselor. My Board consisted of three members from the Council Conservation Committee - Mr. Fry, Mr. Beathard, and Mr. McClure. I distributed a copy of my Hornaday Workbook to each member to read during the Board of Review. Unlike my Eagle Board, the Conservation Committee inquired specifically about the use of conservation in my project, and how the impact was significant in relation to the surrounding environment. As per the Hornaday requirements, the Conservation Committee also evaluated my project with regard to research, documentation, coverage, and continuation. My Hornaday Badge was presented to me by Mr. McClure during my Eagle Court of Honor. March 4th, 2006: Josh Rutenberg, Troop 28, receives his Hornaday Badge After The Badge Earning the Hornaday Award was one of the most challenging parts of my Scouting career. However, the time and effort I put into earning the Hornaday Badge was well worth it. My work on the Badge will have a lasting impact on my life. 49 For one thing, it increased my environmental awareness, and introduced me to a field I now take a great interest in. Working with soil and water conservation opened my eyes to a whole world of opportunities. My work on the Hornaday Award led me, in part, to my decision to study environmental science in college and earn an environmental science degree. In addition to learning about resource conservation, carrying out a Hornaday project provided me with valuable experience in many areas. To complete the project, I had to improve my leadership skills, planning skills, and organizational skills. All of these characteristics will help prepare me for life, and help me in the future. Furthermore, carrying out a Hornaday project brings with it a sense of fulfillment. Every impact, no matter how small, is important. Knowing that my efforts have helped to stabilize what was once an erosion disaster is a great feeling. If I had the choice to do it over again, I would without hesitation. My efforts with the Hill Country Conservancy established a relationship with an organization that can now help me in future conservation efforts. Hornaday was a great experience and something I can be proud of for the rest of my life. Currently, I am working on my Venturing Silver and Hornaday Silver. This past summer, I served as the Nature-Ecology-Conservation Director at Lost Pines. 50 APPENDIX A: HORNADAY APPLICATION FORM Application for the William T. Hornaday Badge Name _______________________________Date of Birth__________ Applicant’s Address_________________________________________ City _______________________ State _______ Zip Code__________ Check one and indicate Unit number: Boy Scout Troop No.___________ Venturer Crew No,___________ Varsity Scout Team No._________ (Boy Scouts and Varsity Scouts only) Rank at time of application __________________________________ I became a First Class Scout on_______________________________ (Date) Council_____________________ District_______________________ Unit Leader’s Name_________________________________________ Phone No. (____) _______________ Conservation Advisor’s Name_________________________________ Phone No. (____) _______________ Statement of Applicant I have thoroughly read the requirements for this award. I have worked closely with my conservation advisor in the design and execution of each project. The work summarized in this application is of my design. I request consideration for receiving the William T. Hornaday badge. Applicant’s Signature______________________Date____________ 51 APPENDIX B: APPLICANT’S CHECKLIST Has the candidate planned, led, and carried out one significant project from one of the project categories: a) Energy Conservation b) Soil and Water Conservation c) Fish and Wildlife Management d) Forestry and Range Management e) Air and Water Pollution Control f) Resource Recovery (Recycling) g) Hazardous Material Disposal and Management h) Invasive Species Control Has the candidate performed research for the project: i) The candidate has provided documentation that research related to the project was performed. j) The candidate has provided documentation that alternatives were investigated. k) The project includes documentation related to other similar cases. l) The candidate should have a sound explanation for the best practice that has been chosen for the project. Were the project requirements clearly stated in the documentation? Were the project success criteria clearly stated in the documentation? How much has the candidate contributed to the improvement or better management of natural resources and the environment? Has the candidate shown leadership during the project? To what extent has the candidate encouraged other people to plan, understand, appreciate, and practice sound conservation and environmental protection methods. Have there been any public relations as part of the project (this can include newspaper articles, television or radio spots, etc.)? Are thank-you letters (notes of appreciation) documented as part of the project? 52 Is there a list of lessons learned (both good and bad) documented as part of the project? Is there a project plan listing the planned and actual tasks, times, and resources used on the project? Is there an appropriate level of budgeting and financial records (receipts) for this project (some projects will not require expenditures)? Are there an appropriate number of photographs / diagrams in the documentation to document the conditions before, during and after the project? (Note: some project will not require photos or diagrams – i.e., legislation might not require visual documentation.) Success of the project – Did the project meet the success criteria? Did it have an impact to the community and the environment? Did it have an impact? Is there an ongoing piece of this project which will either be and carried by others or will educate others in the future? The Scout has presented the project in a very professional manner (consider the age of the scout). 53 HORNADAY MERIT BADGES Energy Environmental Fish & Fishing Science Wildlife Bird Management Study Forestry Gardening Geology Insect Study Landscape Architecture Mammal Nature Nuclear Oceanography Plant Study Science Science Public Pulp & Reptile & Soil and Weather Health Paper Amphibian Water Study Conservation HORNADAY AWARDS Badge Gold Badge Knot (Youth) (Adult) (Medals only) Bronze Silver
"HORNADAY BADGE HANDBOOK"