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					WAR WITH TWO NAMES




 FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR
   SEVEN YEARS WAR
    WHY ARE THERE TWO NAMES
         FOR THIS WAR?
   England and France were also fighting each other in
    Europe, Africa, Asia
   War lasted for 7 years-->Seven Years War
   What could this war also be called? See hint below


    World War
           WHO


              Versus




   France vs. Great Britain
                         CAUSES
   Both countries were powerful and desired to dominate the
    world!
            France was especially a threat to Great Britain because
             of its strong naval and military power in North
             America
   Both countries owned colonies/territories in North America
    BUT
   Both wanted control of the Ohio Valley; French settled in
    the valley FIRST; lived with Native Americans where
    France benefited from fur trade w/ Native Americans
            Coureur de bois=French pioneers who traveled back to
             Europe and sold the fur from Native Americans for
             $$$$
            Conflict erupts--WHY?
   Things turned sour when British settlers (colonists)
    began to move into the Ohio Valley.
   French attacked the settlers; French soldiers arrived
                         WAR BEGINS
   1754
   Britain sent small, Virginian army to
    Ohio Valley, led by George Washington
    to fight the French and Indians
   Washington lost and Britain realized it
    had to send more troops
                                                          Washington
   Britain officially declared war in 1756
   Native Americans joined French side
              Hoped that if France won,
               Britain would stay off their land
              Extra credit opp: Who was
               William Pitt?



                                                   Pitt
             Meanwhile....
        ALBANY PLAN OF UNION
IN-CLASS READING:        3)Benjamin Franklin proposed THE
                            ALBANY PLAN OF UNION to set
  ALBANY PLAN OF UNION--    up a colonial council or a central
  >go to my wikispace       government to UNITE the colonies
1) June 1754, reps from 7 British        a) it would collect taxes
   colonies, colonial officials and reps
   from Six Iroquois Nations met in b) raise a militia (colonial army)
   Albany, NY
2) The colonies called this meeting to
   figure out how to deal with the
   French and their Indian Allies.


                                          Franklin
The Crown and Colonies say “OH NO!“
    England did not support the Albany Plan

            b/c feared the colonies would become too powerful
             if they united-->England would lose control


    No colony agreed to the plan
            Colonies feared losing their individual powers if
             they united under ONE government
                                  THE END
   F/I War ended in 1763; Britain won
   War ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris
        Result of the treaty:
              France is basically out of North America; kept only 4 small islands in the
               New World
              Spain lost Florida but got Louisiana west of Miss.River; later got Cuba and
               Phillipine Islands
              England gained Florida, Ohio Valley, Canada, all land along Atlantic
               Ocean
              Around the world, England gained India
            AFTER--AFTERMATH
   Pontiac's Rebellion (1763):
           Native Americans were worried that settlers would
            move across the Appalachian Mountains onto their
            land in the Ohio Country
           Chief Pontiac encouraged the Ottawa Indians to
            rebel; the attacks began at Fort Detroit
           Britain sent troops under the leaderhip of Col. John
            Bradstreet and Col. Henry Bouquet to fight against
            Native Americans in Ohio Country
                  All of the tribes involved surrendered to the British
        THINGS CHANGE FOREVER
   Problems:
          England is in big
           debt from the
           French and Indian
           War
          England can no
           longer afford to
           stop any more
           Indian uprisings
           OR ELSE...
       THE TREASURY IS
         DRAINED!!!
      THINGS CHANGE FOREVER
   Solution:
To prevent going
 completely broke,
 England passes the
 Proclamation of 1763:
 colonists can not settle
 west of the Appalachian
 Mountains!!!
           Western land
            would be for
            Native Americans
         COLONIAL REACTION

   FURY!!!
   Colonists move
    into OC anyway!
   Fighting continues
   Colonies realize
    that salutary
    neglect is
        OVER!

				
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