WAR WITH TWO NAMES FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR SEVEN YEARS WAR WHY ARE THERE TWO NAMES FOR THIS WAR? England and France were also fighting each other in Europe, Africa, Asia War lasted for 7 years-->Seven Years War What could this war also be called? See hint below World War WHO Versus France vs. Great Britain CAUSES Both countries were powerful and desired to dominate the world! France was especially a threat to Great Britain because of its strong naval and military power in North America Both countries owned colonies/territories in North America BUT Both wanted control of the Ohio Valley; French settled in the valley FIRST; lived with Native Americans where France benefited from fur trade w/ Native Americans Coureur de bois=French pioneers who traveled back to Europe and sold the fur from Native Americans for $$$$ Conflict erupts--WHY? Things turned sour when British settlers (colonists) began to move into the Ohio Valley. French attacked the settlers; French soldiers arrived WAR BEGINS 1754 Britain sent small, Virginian army to Ohio Valley, led by George Washington to fight the French and Indians Washington lost and Britain realized it had to send more troops Washington Britain officially declared war in 1756 Native Americans joined French side Hoped that if France won, Britain would stay off their land Extra credit opp: Who was William Pitt? Pitt Meanwhile.... ALBANY PLAN OF UNION IN-CLASS READING: 3)Benjamin Franklin proposed THE ALBANY PLAN OF UNION to set ALBANY PLAN OF UNION-- up a colonial council or a central >go to my wikispace government to UNITE the colonies 1) June 1754, reps from 7 British a) it would collect taxes colonies, colonial officials and reps from Six Iroquois Nations met in b) raise a militia (colonial army) Albany, NY 2) The colonies called this meeting to figure out how to deal with the French and their Indian Allies. Franklin The Crown and Colonies say “OH NO!“ England did not support the Albany Plan b/c feared the colonies would become too powerful if they united-->England would lose control No colony agreed to the plan Colonies feared losing their individual powers if they united under ONE government THE END F/I War ended in 1763; Britain won War ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris Result of the treaty: France is basically out of North America; kept only 4 small islands in the New World Spain lost Florida but got Louisiana west of Miss.River; later got Cuba and Phillipine Islands England gained Florida, Ohio Valley, Canada, all land along Atlantic Ocean Around the world, England gained India AFTER--AFTERMATH Pontiac's Rebellion (1763): Native Americans were worried that settlers would move across the Appalachian Mountains onto their land in the Ohio Country Chief Pontiac encouraged the Ottawa Indians to rebel; the attacks began at Fort Detroit Britain sent troops under the leaderhip of Col. John Bradstreet and Col. Henry Bouquet to fight against Native Americans in Ohio Country All of the tribes involved surrendered to the British THINGS CHANGE FOREVER Problems: England is in big debt from the French and Indian War England can no longer afford to stop any more Indian uprisings OR ELSE... THE TREASURY IS DRAINED!!! THINGS CHANGE FOREVER Solution: To prevent going completely broke, England passes the Proclamation of 1763: colonists can not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains!!! Western land would be for Native Americans COLONIAL REACTION FURY!!! Colonists move into OC anyway! Fighting continues Colonies realize that salutary neglect is OVER!