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					CPO
Birthday
01 April 2003
110 Years of Leadership
100 Years of Leadership
   from CNO Admiral Frank B Kelso II on April 1, 1993

      – “In the United States Navy, the title
        "Chief Petty Officer" carries with it
        responsibilities and privileges no other
        armed force in the world grants enlisted
        people. These responsibilities and
        privileges exist because for 100 years,
        Chiefs have routinely sought out
        greater challenges and assumed more
        responsibility.”
100 Years of Leadership
   from CNO Admiral Frank B Kelso II on April 1, 1993

     –“The example set by Chiefs for the
      last century inspires our young
      men and women of today. Indeed
      what Americans see in our
      impressive young Sailors is the
      tradition of devotion and
      dedication the first Chiefs
      established with their sacrifices
      and valor.”
100 Years of Leadership
   from CNO Admiral Frank B Kelso II on April 1, 1993

     – “In large measure they have not only
       ensured my success, but the success
       of every person who has served in our
       Navy. I encourage each of you to mark
       this significant anniversary with
       appropriate ceremonies to show our
       respect, admiration, and appreciation
       for those who have served our Navy as
       Chief Petty Officers.”
100 Years of Leadership
  from CNO Admiral Frank B Kelso II on April 1, 1993

    –“Their successors, today's
     Chief Petty Officers, are no less
     dedicated. They prove their
     worth every day and continue to
     meet great challenges and
     endure adversity to protect our
     nation's interests.”
100 Years of Leadership
   from CNO Admiral Frank B Kelso II on April 1, 1993

     –“Our challenge to Chief Petty
      Officers of the 21st Century is
      to reaffirm the commitment to
      faith and fellowship that have
      allowed their comrades-in-
      arms before them to wear "the
      hat" with tremendous pride.”
                     The First CHIEF

                      The Continental Navy established the
                        foundation of relative grades and
                      classifications that led to the ultimate
                         establishment of the CPO grade


 During the Revolutionary War, Jacob Wasbie, a
  Cook's Mate serving on board the Alfred, one of the
  first Continental Navy warships, was promoted to
  "Chief Cook"
 On June 1, 1776. Chief Cook is construed to mean
  Cook or Ship's Cook which was the official rating
  title at that time. This is the earliest example of the
  use the term "Chief" located to date by the author.
   The Most Senior Rate?
 As one can determine from the foregoing
  evidence, Boatswain's Mates have not
  always been the senior rating in the Navy.
  However, if one tries to enlighten some of
  them they will usually get their danders up
  and argue until red in the face. Likewise,
  Aviation Machinist's Mates have not always
  been the senior rating within the Aviation
  Branch. From 1924 to 1933, and again from
  1942 to 1948, the rating of Aviation Pilot
  topped the mechs as well as all other
  aviation ratings.
 The Most Senior Rate?

 Navy Regulations of 1865, 1870, and 1876 fail to show Chief
  Boatswain's Mate and Chief Gunner's Mate as different rates
  or levels from Boatswain's Mate and Gunner's Mate
  respectively. It therefore follows that to justify calling the
  Chief Boatswain's Mate and the Chief Gunner's Mate
  additional rates one has to depend upon General Order 36 of
  May 16, 1864 (effective July 1, 1864), and Tables of
  Allowances for the 1870s which list them as rates or ratings
  along with Boatswain's Mate and Gunner's Mate. To answer
  the question of whether the Chief Boatswain's Mate, Chief
  Gunner's Mate, and Chief Quartermaster or Signal
  Quartermaster of the 1863-93 era were or were not actually
  Chief Petty Officers is elementary. They were not Chief Petty
  Officers due to the fact that the grade had not yet been
  created.
The Most Senior Rate?

   On January 1, 1884, when the new
    pay rates became effective, there
    existed the three aforementioned
    rates carrying the word Chief--
    Boatswain's Mate, Gunner's Mate,
    and Quartermaster--all paid $35.00
    per month. Several other rates were
    paid higher amounts, ranging from
    $40.00 to $70.00 per month.
The Most Senior Rate?
  On April 1, 1893, two important steps were taken.
   First, the grade of Chief Petty Officer was
   established; secondly, most enlisted men received
   a pay raise. The question is often asked, "Who was
   the first Chief Petty Officer?" The answer is flatly:
   "There was no first Chief Petty Officer due to the
   fact that nearly all ratings carried as Petty Officers
   First Class from 1885 were automatically shifted to
   the Chief Petty Officer level." Exceptions were
   Schoolmasters, who stayed at first class; Ship's
   Writers, who stayed the same but expanded to
   include second and third class; and Carpenter's
   Mates, who had been carried as second class petty
   officers but were extended to include chief, first,
   second, and third classes. Therefore, the Chief
   Petty Officer grade on April 1, 1893, encompassed
   the nine rates shown in Table 2.
 CPO Ratings as of
 April 1, 1893
Seaman Branch            Artificer Branch       Special Branch
Chief Master-at-Arms     Chief Machinist        Chief Yeoman
Chief Boatswain's Mate   Chief Carpenter's Mate Apothecary
Chief Quartermaster                             Band Masters
Chief Gunner's Mate




                               by CWO-4 Lester B. Tucker,
                               USN (Retired)
Senior & Master Chief...
 The pay grades of E-8 and E-9, Senior Chief and Master Chief, were
  created effective June 1, 1958, under a 1958 Amendment to the Career
  Compensation Act of 1949. Eligibility for promotion to E-8, the Senior
  Chief level, was restricted to Chiefs (Permanent Appointment) with a
  minimum of four years in grade and a total of ten years of service. For
  elevation from E- 7 to Master Chief, E-9, a minimum of six years service
  as a Chief Petty Officer with a total of 13 years service was required. The
  E-5 through E-9 levels included all ratings except Teleman and Printer
  which at the time were being phased out of the naval rating structure.
  People holding those ratings were absorbed or converted to Yeoman or
  Radioman from Teleman and primarily to Lithographer from Printer.
  Service-wide examinations for outstanding Chiefs were held on August
  5, 1958, with the first promotions becoming effective on November 16,
  1958. A few months later, a second group of Chiefs from the February
  1959 examinations were elevated to E-8 and E-9 effective on May 16,
  1959. The names of the first two groups of selectees are listed in Bureau
  of Naval Personnel Notices 1430 of October 17, 1958, and May 20, 1959.
  It is noted that after the May 1959 elevations, promotions to E-9 were
  through Senior Chief only.
Compression of Rates
  On July 1, 1965, compression of
   several ratings at the two top grades
   was enforced. Six new rating titles
   were created:
    –   Master Chief Steam Propulsion man
    –   Master Chief Aircraft Maintenance man
    –   Master Chief Avionics Technician
    –   Master Chief Precision Instrument man
    –   Master Chief Construction man
    –   Master Chief Equipment man
 Chief Medal of Honor
 Recipients
 Spanish American War 1898

   Bennett, James H., Chief Boatswain's Mate, USS Marblehead, Cienfuegos,
   Cuba, 11 May 1898
   Brady, George F., Chief Gunner's Mate, USS Winslow, Cardenas, Cuba, 11
   May 1898
   Cooney, Thomas C., Chief Machinist, USS Winslow, Cardenas, Cuba, 11
   May 1898
   Itrich, Franz A., Chief Carpenter's Mate, USS Petrel, Manila, P.I., 1 May 1898
   Johnsen, Hans, Chief Machinist, USS Winslow, Cardenas, Cuba, 11 May
   1898
   Montague, Daniel, Chief Master-at-Arms, USS Merrimac, Santiago de Cuba,
   2 Jun 1898
   Sunquist, Axel, Chief Carpenter's Mate, USS Marblehead, Cienfuegos, Cuba,
   11 May 1898
 Chief Medal of Honor
 Recipients
 1899

  Shanahan, Patrick, Chief Boatswain's Mate, USS Alliance, 28 May
  1899
  Stokes, John, Chief Master-at-Arms, USS New York, off Jamaica,
  31 Mar 1899

  Boxer Rebellion 1900

  Clancy, Joseph, Chief Boatswain's Mate, 13, 20, 21, and 22 Jun
  1900
  Hamberger, William F., Chief Carpenter's Mate, 13, 20, 21, and 22
  Jun 1900
  Petersen, Carl E., Chief Machinist, Peking, China, 28 Jun to 17
  Aug 1900
  Chief Medal of Honor
  Recipients
 1903-1910
 Bonney, Robert Earl, Chief Watertender, USS Hopkins, 14 Feb 1910
  Clausey, John J., Chief Gunner's Mate, USS Bennington, 21 Jul 1905
  Cox, Robert E., Chief Gunner's Mate, USS Missouri, 13 Apr 1904
  Holtz, Aug, Chief Watertender, USS North Dakota, 8 Sep 1910
  Johannessen, Johannes J., Chief Watertender, USS Iowa, 25 Jan
  1905
  Klein, Robert, Chief Carpenter's Mate, USS Raleigh, 25 Jan 1904
  Monssen, Mons, Chief Gunner's Mate, USS Missouri, 13 Apr 1904
  Reid, Patrick, Chief Watertender, USS North Dakota, 8 Sep 1910
  Shacklette, William S., Hospital Steward, USS Bennington, 21 Jul
  1905
  Snyder, William E., Chief Electrician, USS Birmingham, 4 Jan 1910
  Stanton, Thomas, Chief Machinist's Mate, USS North Dakota, 8 Sep
  1910
  Walsh, Michael, Chief Machinist, USS Leyden, 21 Jan 1903
  Westa, Karl, Chief Machinist's Mate, USS North Dakota, 8 Sep 1910
   Chief Medal of Honor
   Recipients
 Vera Cruz 1914

   Bradley, George, Chief Gunner's Mate, USS Utah, Vera Cruz, 1914

   1915-1916

   Crilley, Frank W., Chief Gunner's Mate, Honolulu, T.H., 17 Apr 1915
   *Rud, George W., Chief Machinist's Mate, USS Memphis, Santo Domingo, 29
   Aug 1916
   Smith, Eugene P., Chief Watertender, USS Decatur, 9 Sep 1915

   World War I

   MacKenzie, John, Chief Boatswain's Mate, USS Remlik, 17 Dec 1917
   Ormsbee, Francis E., JR., Chief Machinist's Mate, NAS Pensacola, FL, 25 Sep
   1918
   Schmidt, Oscar, JR., Chief Gunner's Mate, USS Chestnut Hill, 9 Oct 1918.
  Chief Medal of Honor
  Recipients
 1927-1939

  Badders, William, Chief Machinist's Mate, USS Squalus, 13 May 1939
  Crandall, Orson L., Chief Boatswain's Mate, USS Squalus, 13 May
  1939
  Eadie, Thomas, Chief Gunner's Mate, off Provincetown, Mass., 18
  Dec 1927
  McDonald, James H., Chief Metalsmith, USS Squalus, 23 May 1939

  World War II

  Finn, John W., [then a Chief Petty Officer], NAS Kaneohe Bay, TH., 7
  Dec 1941
  *Peterson, Oscar V., Chief Watertender, USS Neosho, 7 May 1942
  *Tomich, Peter, Chief Watertender, USS Utah, 7 Dec 1941
MCPON’s
 Though in the works for many years, the
  position formally was established as
  "Senior Enlisted Advisor of the Navy" in
  January 1967. Its title officially was
  changed to "Master Chief Petty Officer of
  the Navy" three months later. The
  individual rating specialty marks for the
  MCPON was replaced by an inverted star
  in 1971.
 These individuals have served as Master
  Chief Petty Officer of the Navy
  MCPON’s
Master Chief Gunner Mate Delbert D. Black, USN 13Jan67 - 01Apr71
Master Chief Aviation Machinist’s Mate John "Jack" Whittet, USN 01Apr71 -
25Sep75
Master Chief Operations Specialist Robert Walker, USN 25Sep75 - 28 Sep79
Aviation Master Chief Thomas S. Crow, USN 28Sep79 - 01 Oct82
Master Chief Avionics Technician Billy C. Sanders, USN 01Oct82 - 04Oct85
Master Chief Radioman William H. Plackett, USN 04Oct85 - 09Sep88
Master Chief Aviation Electronics Technician Duane R. Bushey, USN 09Se88 - 28Aug92
Master Chief Electronics Technician (SW) John Hagan, USN 28Aug92 - 27Mar98
Master Chief Machinist’s Mate (SS/SW/AW) James L.Herdt 27 Mar. 1998 – 2002
Master Chief Machinist’s Mate (SS/AW) Terry Scott 2002 - Present
  Admiral Halsey
 The following is a true story told to ATCS(AC)
  Jack Reese USN Retired by his uncle, John
  Reese.
 AT the end of World War II, all the towns and
  cities across the country were looking for a
  “Home town boy makes good” person to
  celebrate the victory with. Los Angeles chose
  Admiral Halsey, whom it was rumored had
  done quite well. The ceremony was held on the
  steps of the LA county courthouse, and at the
  end of it when Halsey was leaving, they had a
  line of sideboys.
 Admiral Halsey
 They were active duty and retired Chief
  Petty Officers that had been brought in from
  all over the country. As he walked through
  the ranks, my uncle walked apace on the
  outside. As Halsey approached one old CPO
  that my uncle described as being older than
  God, my uncle saw them wink at each other.
 Later, at a cocktail party, my uncle had the
  opportunity to have a chat with the great
  Admiral. He commented on the wink
  between Halsey and this old Chief, and
  asked Halsey if he would mind explaining it.
Admiral Halsey
 Halsey looked at my uncle very seriously, and said
  this: " That man was my Chief when I was an
  Ensign, and no one before or after taught me as
  much about ships or men as he did. You civilians
  don’t understand. You go down to Long Beach, and
  you see those battleships sitting there, and you
  think that they float on the water, don’t you? My
  uncle replied, “Yes sir, I guess they do”. You are
  wrong, replied Halsey; they are carried to sea on the
  backs of those Chief Petty Officers!
 ATCS(AC) Jack Reese USN Retired says "For all of
  my uncles fame and money, he thought I had the
  best job and position in the world. I think he was
  right!!"
 CPO Coin History
 Leisure time in Vietnam was a commodity, but when it
   came it was utilized to the max: catching up on sleep,
  writing letters home, or letting off steam at the hootch
    bar. The latter proved to be the most popular. But
  eventually, it too, could become boring and mundane.
 To heighten excitement and foster unit esprit de corps,
 bullet clubs were formed. These were comprised of small,
  elite front line fighters who each carried a personalized
    bullet from the weapon they carried in combat. The
 ultimate use of the bullet, usually carried in a hip pocket,
           was to deny the enemy personal capture.
  CPO Coin History
 When an individual entered the hootch bar he would be
  challenged by fellow team members to produce his
  bullet. If he did, the challengers would pay his bar tab
  for the rest of the evening. If he failed to produce his
  bullet, he bought drinks for the remainder of the night.
 Eventually, personalized bullets took on disbelieving
  proportions. Some "teamies" took to carrying 20-, 40-,
  or even 150MM cannon shells. Clearly these were not
  personalized, coup de grace munitions, but rather
  manifestations of perceived individual prowess in
  combat or perhaps on R & R.
  CPO Coin History
 At the height of the bullet club's heyday, it was not an
  uncommon sight to see strewn across a barroom table, a
  very respectable representation of the full range of
  bullets, rockets, cannon and artillery shells used in
  Southeast Asia.
 In order to gain control of the situation and to avoid
  accidental discharge of the large, fully functional
  munitions, bullets were traded for coins, which reflected
  the units symbol and pride. A controlled number and/or
  the individual's name personalized each coin. The rules
  remained the same, although today they are greatly
  expanded.
CPO Coin History
 Loss of your coin was, and remains, tantamount to
  eternal disgrace and banishment. To forget your coin,
  in anticipation of a challenge, results in minor death.
 Emerging from those small, elite groups using bullets
  are today's coin challengers. Known to strike
  anywhere, at anytime, they insidiously stalk, waiting
  for the right moment to attack. An innocent bystander
  may never hear the challenge, only the challengee's
  despairing cry, "OH I FORGOT MINE!!!"
  CPO Coin Challenge Rules
1. Rules of the coin game must be given or
  explained to all new coin holders.
2. The coin MUST be carried at all times.
  You can be challenged for it anywhere, at
  any time. You must produce the coin
  without taking more than 4 steps to
  produce it.
3. When challenging, the challenger must
  state whether it is for a single drink or a
  round of drinks.
  CPO Coin Challenge Rules
4. Failure to produce a coin, for whatever
  reason, results in a bought round or single
  drinks (whatever the challenger stated).
  Once the offender (coinless challengee) has
  bought the drink or round, they can't be
  challenged again.
5. If all that are challenged produce their
  coins, the challenger loses and must buy
  the drinks for all respondents. This too
  can be expensive, so challenge wisely.
  CPO Coin Challenge Rules
6. Under no circumstances can a coin be handed to
   another in response to a challenge. If a person
   gives their coin to another, that person can now
   keep the coin -- it's theirs!!! However, if a person
   places the coin down and another person picks it
   up to examine it, that is not considered giving
   and the examiner is honor-bound to place the
   coin back where they got it. The examiner can't
   challenge while they hold another's coin. After
   negotiating a "reasonable" ransom", the
   examiner must return the member's coin.
  CPO Coin Challenge Rules
7. If a coin is lost, replacement is up to the
  individual. A new coin should be acquired
  at the earliest opportunity -- losing a coin
  and not replacing it doesn't relieve a
  member of his or her responsibilities. This
  is especially true if your fellow CPO's
  know that you traditionally carry a coin.
  CPO Coin Challenge Rules
8. The coin should be controlled at all times.
   Giving a coin to just anyone is like opening a
   fraternity to just anyone. It is an honor to be
   given a coin, let's keep it that way. A given or
   awarded coin is of more personal value than a
   purchased coin.
9. No holes may be drilled in a coin.
10. The above rules apply to anyone who is worthy
  to be given/awarded a coin, has a purchased
  coin, or who is known to be a previous
  coinholder.
  THE CHIEF PETTY OFFICER'S
  PLEDGE
• I AM A CHIEF PETTY OFFICER IN THE UNITED
  STATES NAVY...
  – I SERVE MY COUNTRY AND HER PEOPLE WITH PRIDE
    AND HONOR.

  – I SEEK NO SPECIAL FAVORS.

  – I MAKE THINGS HAPPEN, AND DO THE BEST I CAN DO.

  – I AM CHARGED WITH A LEADERSHIP ROLE LIKE NO
    OTHER IN THE WORLD.

  – I DEVELOP JUNIOR OFFICERS AND MOLD MY SAILORS.

  – I ACKNOWLEDGE FULL RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE
    ACTIONS OF MY SAILORS…
THE CHIEF PETTY OFFICER'S
PLEDGE
 – BECAUSE THESE SAILORS ARE THE SEEDS OF FUTURE
   CHIEF PETTY OFFICERS.

 – I LIVE BY THE NAVY'S CORE VALUES OF HONOR,
   COURAGE AND COMMITTMENT.

 – I SET THE EXAMPLE.

 – I ESTABLISH THE STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE.

 – MY SAILORS ARE STUDENTS AND I AM THEIR
   TEACHER.

 – I GUIDE AND INFLUENCE THE LIVES OF THESE YOUNG
   MEN AND WOMEN.
 THE CHIEF PETTY OFFICER'S
 PLEDGE
  – IN THE FINAL ANALYSIS, I WILL DETERMINE THE
    QUALITY OF THESE SAILORS.
  – THEY LOOK UP TO ME BECAUSE I TREAT THEM WITH
    DIGNITY AND RESPECT.

  – BECAUSE THEY NEED A LEADER, I AM THERE FOR
    THEM.

  – AFTER ALL...

• I AM A CHIEF PETTY OFFICER IN THE UNITED
  STATES NAVY...
"I can imagine no more rewarding
  career. And any man who may
  be asked in this century what he
  did to make his life worthwhile, I
  think can respond with a good
  deal of pride and satisfaction: 'I
  served in the United States
  Navy.'”


  – President John F. Kennedy,                 1 August 1963, in
   Bancroft Hall at the U. S. Naval Academy.
Stay safe, be strong and lead from the front!

				
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