Research of Ganoderma sp. Control Methods
at Plantation and Forestry Plants
***Final Report of Tanoto Professorship Award program from Prof. Dr. Ir. SM.
Widyastuti, M.Sc, Professor of the Faculty of Forestry, Gadjah Mada University –
Jakarta, December 28, 2010—Through the Tanoto Professorship Award (TPA), since
2007 Prof. Dr. Ir. SM. Widyastuti, M. Sc usually called as Prof. Wiwiek, has been
doing research on the fungus Ganoderma philippii and Rigidoporus lignosus.
Ganoderma sp. is a fungal pathogen of red root that causes damage to crops and
forestry plantations. Because it is has a wide range of host, it is not surprising that
the Ganoderma sp. attack various types of forest and plantation crops, such as
several species of acacia (Acacia mangium, A. auriculiformis, A. oraria), sengon
(Paraserianthes falcataria), flamboyant (Delonix regia), pine (Casuarina
equisetifolia), Angsana (Pterocarpus indicus), and oil palm.
In response to the increase of fungus attacks to the plantation, researchers have
conducted various researches on Ganoderma sp., which are focused on biological
control using parasitic fungi of Ganoderma sp., Trichoderma sp. Trichoderma spp. is
known as one of the fungi that have antagonistic nature to other soil fungi. Previous
studies showed that Trichoderma spp. has antagonistic ability to inhibit the growth
of fungus soil pathogens, including Ganodema sp.
Ratih Loekito, the Program Director of Tanoto Foundation, added that Prof. Wiwiek
was selected as a recipient of the Tanoto Professorship Award program research
funding. Based on the main objectives of the program, her research has high value
benefits to society. “As an archipelagic nation, we have great natural resources,
agriculture, and forestry. Through support to control Ganoderma sp. attacks with
natural methods of Prof. Wiwiek, Tanoto Foundation hopes it could reduce potential
losses in agriculture and forestry.“
The added value of the forestry sector in Indonesia provides 82.6% of total income
sector in Indonesia. “Based on reports from the Ministry of Forestry, deposit into the
state treasury for non‐tax revenues (PNPB),) the forestry sector until the first half of
2010 reached Rp.1.338 billion or 48.24% of the target year 2010, about Rp 2.774
trillion,” added Ratih.
Prof. Wiwiek said, “Some of the research carried out both in the laboratory and in
the field are: identification types of fungi that cause root and stem rotten; isolation
and identification plant antifungal compounds and their activities against
Ganoderma sp.; knowing the level of plants’ tolerance against Ganoderma sp.
associated with higher levels of secondary metabolites in plant roots; mechanism of
infection Ganoderma sp. at the root; identifying types of Ganoderma sp. which
attack city plants/ trees; controlling biological fungus Trichoderma sp. on
Ganoderma sp. which include effectiveness, interaction between several
Trichoderma sp., and the presence of Trichoderma sp. on plant roots, and the
influence of pH on the interaction between the Ganoderma sp. and Trichoderma sp.“
The research of Ganoderma sp. is expected to bring benefits, mainly to:
1) Provide information regarding the production of metabolites (compounds for
plant resistance) produced by plants that have antifungal activity of Ganoderma sp.
2) Provide (partial) overviews about how plants respond to fungal pathogen
infection and how they infect plants.
3) Provide information on types of fungi that cause disease and of distribution
patterns of Ganoderma sp. and the base of the stem to determine the appropriate
controls to reduce economic losses.
4) Provide a reference for the improvement of disease management of Ganoderma
sp. that attack trees.
5) Provide scientific information about the ability of Trichoderma sp. in the seedbed
to suppress the growth of Ganoderma sp.
Prof. Wiwiek added, “Through the Tanoto Professorship Award, my colleague
scientists and I could develop a research that is expected to be useful in adding
scientific information about Trichoderma spp. which is applied in the seedbed to
suppress the growth of Ganoderma sp. in A. mangium. In addition, we could also
know types of pathogen fungi and distribution patterns of root and stem rot on
matoa (P. Coreceae). Thus, we could set appropriate controls to reduce the
“The Tanoto Professorship Award Program has also encouraged an atmosphere of
academic and research interests of doctoral, master, and undergraduate students.
Until now, Ganoderma mushroom research control methods has resulted 1
doctorate, 13 masters, 28 undergraduates and the number will continue to
increase,“ he said.
Besides Prof. Dr. Ir. SM Widyastuti, Tanoto Professorship Award was also given to
Prof. Dr. Herri Susanto from the Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB) with his
research on biomass gasification technology improvement.
Notes for editor
The Tanoto Foundation was established by Sukanto Tanoto and Tinah B. Tanoto. Its vision is to be the
best foundation in facilitating and improving access for a good quality of education and
empowerment. The Tanoto Foundation focuses its programs on education and empowerment. In
education, the Tanoto Foundation grants scholarships for S1 (undergraduate) and S2 (postgraduate)
students, manages Development Programs of Education Quality in 3 provinces—collaborating with
APRIL and Asian Agri, manages Advanced Education Support programs to support the development of
applicative research in higher education, and some partnership programs in education. For
empowerment programs, the Tanoto Foundation administers small business coaching programs and
society income development, independently as well as through CSR partner program, especially with
APRIL and Asian Agri. To bring significant and sustainable impacts to the society, we always adjust our
programs with the needs of local society. We hope that our programs would significantly contribute to
the poverty alleviation in Indonesia. For further information, please visit our website
For more information, please contact
Head of Communications
Phone: +62 21 392 3189
Fax: +62 21 392 3324