Docstoc

Chapter 8 Creating a Nation

Document Sample
Chapter 8 Creating a Nation Powered By Docstoc
					Chapter 8: Creating a Nation
The Bill of Rights (Dec 10, 1791)
             1.  Freedom of speech
             2. Right to bear arms
             3. Protection from quartering
             4. Unreasonable search/seizure
             5. Due process
             6. Rights of the accused
             7. Trial by jury
             8. Unusual punishment
             9. Protection of non-BOR rights
             10. Power of states/people
      The People Divide
 Jeffersonian Republicans
 Federalists
 Alexander Hamilton (Treasury)
     Domestic manufactures
     Government / Entrepreneur alliance
     Conservative distrust of the masses
     “1st Report on Public Credit”
       Funding war debt (govt. bonds) – DEBATE!
       Assumption of war debt – DEBATE!
       DEAL – Southern capital
 Pennsylvania Abolition Society
   Congress had “no authority to interfere”
The People Divide
 Hamilton introduces
  BANK
   Opposition from South
     Jefferson
   Unconstitutional
   Pro-North
   Implied powers?
 “2nd Report on Public
  Credit”
   Whiskey tax
Jay’s Controversial Treaty (1795)
 Britain promises w/d western forts
 Britain promises US access to WI
 Complaints!
   South = lost slave compensation
   West = Brits didn’t actually evacuate
   Merchant/Sailor = impressment
 Treaty of San Lorenzo (1795)
   Thomas Pinckney
   Mississippi River boundary/navigation
The Election of 1796
           Discord in Washington’s cabinet
             Jefferson and Madison
           Washington’s farewell
             Political divisions, entangling alliances
           Adams (Federalist)
             National government
             Anti-French (excessive democracy)
           Jefferson (Jeffersonian Republican)
              Strict constitutionalist
              States’ rights
           Results: Adams (71); Adams (68)
The War Crisis with France
 French obstruction in
    Caribbean
   Negotiations
     Agents X,Y, Z
     Loan / bribe
   Federalists urge war
   War preparations
   Repeal of treaty of 1778
   Adams’ ambiguities
   Adams chooses peace
     Controversial
The Alien and Sedition Acts
             Naturalization Act (1798)
               Residence: 5 to 14 years
             Alien Act (1798)
               Presidential expulsion of aliens
             Alien Enemies Act (1798)
               Arrest, imprison, banish w/o process
             Sedition Act (1798)
             Timothy Pickering (S of S)
               Launched investigations (witch hunt)
The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
 Kentucky Resolution
   Fed violation of Bill of Rights
   “Nullification”
 Virginia Resolution
   Madison
   “Duty bound to interpose for
    arresting the progress of evil”
 Civil war?
The “Revolution of 1800”
             “Republicanism or aristocracy”
             Federalists: Adams
             Jeffersonians: Jefferson & Aaron Burr
             Results
               Jefferson (73), Burr (73)
               36 ballots to decide winner
               12th Amendment
               Jeffersonians’ in congress
               Regionalism
               “Peaceful transition of government”
The Jeffersonians Take Control
 Washington, D.C. (Nov 1800)
 Pierre L’Enfant & Benjamin Banneker
 Jefferson’s inauguration
   “Equal and exact justice to all”
   Support of the states
   Majority rule
   Civil supremacy (over military)
   Reduction of govt. expenditures
   Freedom of press
   Habeas corpus
The Jeffersonian Vision
                    Independent, yeoman
                     farmer
                      Self-reliant
                      Industrious
                      Public consciousness
                      Contradictions?
                        Industry = wealth
                        Wealth = inequality
                        Solution = territorial
                         expansion
The Windfall Louisiana Purchase (1803)
 Livingston & Monroe
 Napoleon
 $15 million
 830,000 miles2
 Controversy
 Adams-Onís Treaty (1819)
   Spain ceded East Florida
 Lewis & Clark
   1803-1805
 Zebulon Pike

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:5
posted:7/22/2011
language:English
pages:13