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					OUDS(I)’s Role In Defense Acquisition
   “4 Not So Simple Questions”

               Mr. Jim Martin
                  OUSD(I)
                13 April 2009

               Overall Classification:       1
       UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY
                  “A Day in the Life of an
                 Acquisition Professional”



                 SLIGHTLY MODIFIED

ACQUISION PLAN




                                             2
                               “The Plan”


•   OUSD(I) Overview
•   Importance of Governance
•   OUSD(I) Role in Acquisition Process
•   Challenges & Priorities




                                          3
                                 First Question:

Who is USD(I) and Where Does OUSD(I) Fit?




  “I don’t think this is what they had in mind”
                                                  4
                           New Role for USD(I)

Director National Intelligence                             Secretary of Defense
     Mr. Dennis C. Blair                                   Mr. Robert M. Gates




                                    Dual Hat Role
                                                           Under
                  Director                              Secretary of
                  Defense                               Defense for
                Intelligence                            Intelligence




                                 Mr. James R. Clapper
                                                                                  5
                  USD(I) Responsibilities

The USD(I) … Oversees Defense intelligence,
counterintelligence, and security policy, plans,
programs, required capabilities, and resource
allocations, which includes exercising responsibility for
the DoD Components within the NIP and the Military
Intelligence Program (MIP) [DoDD 5143.01, November 23, 2005]
 Including Oversight of…
      •   Defense Intelligence Agency
      •   National Geospatial Intelligence Agency
      •   National Security Agency
      •   National Reconnaissance Office
      •   Defense Security Service
      •   Service Intelligence
               Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines
      • Joint Intelligence Operation Centers (JIOCs)
                                                           6
                        Unifying Vision

              • Intelligence Community Information
                Sharing Strategy
                  An integrated intelligence enterprise that anticipates
                  mission needs for information by making the complete
                  spectrum of intelligence information seamlessly available
                  to support all stages of the intelligence process



              • Defense Intelligence Strategy
                  A professional and fully integrated and seamless
                  Enterprise, providing the best intelligence,
                  counterintelligence, and security under any condition or
                  circumstance, whenever and wherever, in support of the
                  warfigher and the Nation



Information Sharing Today; Shared Analytics & Analysis Tomorrow
                                                                         7
              Defense Intelligence Strategy
• The Strategy – “Defense intelligence is a critical component of the
  U.S. intelligence enterprise. It has two missions: first, to respond to
  the unique policy, operational and acquisition requirements of the
  Department of Defense, and second, to respond to national
  intelligence missions assigned to the Department of Defense.”


• The Goals
   – Extend the full advantage of the U.S. intelligence enterprise to all defense
      users to ensure timely and accurate decisions, as well as ensure defense
      intelligence is available to the broader U.S. intelligence enterprise.

   – Enhance all services and capabilities provided by the U.S. intelligence
      enterprise to satisfy the changing needs of defense intelligence users.

   – Explore concepts, technologies, and strategies to address customer
      requirements and emerging threats.

   – Enable us to counter and deny adversary capabilities to acquire and
      exploit our technologies or knowledge of the battle space.


                                                                                 8
                            Office of the Under Secretary of Defense
                                                                            (Intelligence)

                          Chief of Staff                                  Under Secretary of
                       Mr. Timothy Clayton                              Defense for Intelligence
                                                                       HON. James R. Clapper Jr.
                        Human Capital
                       Management Office
                       Ms. Ellen McCarthy

                  Congressional Activities                                 Principal Deputy
                     Mr. Jack Dempsey                                    Mr. Thomas Ferguson


 Deputy Under Secretary              Deputy Under Secretary                     Deputy Under Secretary of         Deputy Under Secretary
   of Defense for Joint &                 of Defense for                                                           of Defense for HUMINT,
Coalition Warfighter Support      Technical Collection & Analysis
                                                                                  Defense for Portfolio         Counterintelligence & Security
     LtGen John Kozial                  Mr. John Salvatori                       Programs & Resources                 Mr. Larry Burgess
                                                                                     Ms. Betty Sapp

    Policy, Stategy & Doctrine,      Analytic Concepts & Strategies,                                                      Laura Voelker
      Ms. Deborah Barger,               Ms. Christine McKeown,                        Mr. Kevin Meiners,                    ADUSD
              ADUSD                             ADUSD                                      ADUSD
                                                                                                                            HUMINT
    Warfighter Requirements               Collection Concepts                          Battlespace                    Mr. Dave Leatherwood
         & Evaluations                        & Strategies
      Mr. Tom Matthews                     Mr. Bob Arbetter                         Awareness Portfolio
                                                                                      Rob Hegstrom                     Sensitive Activities
                                                                                                                       Gus Greene, Acting
     Information Operations
       & Strategic Studies                Special Capabilities                   Intelligence, Surveillance &
     Ms. Rosemary Wenchel              Mr. Martin Gorman, Acting
                                                                                 Reconnaissance Programs                CounterIntelligence
                                                                                                                          Toby Sullivan
                                                                                         Mr. Jim Martin
     Special Programs Office
      Ms. Honi Smith, Acting
                                                                                    Military Intelligence                    Security
                                                                                                                         Mr. Greg Torres
                                                                                    Program Resources
   As of September 25, 2008                                                             Misty A. Tullar
                                                                                                                                              9
               Our Strategies Drive What We Buy




                                                  10
UNCLASSIFIED
                               “The Plan”


•   OUSD(I) Overview
•   Importance of Governance
•   OUSD(I) Role in Acquisition Process
•   Challenges & Priorities




                                          11
                Second Question:


Why Do We Need Governance?




                              12
Defense Intelligence Enterprise




                                  13
                        Governance for Interoperability

                     Data Visibility, Accessibility, Understandability     IA/Security   Cross Domain
Enterprise
Interoperability
                        Shared         Metadata        Shared Analytics          Joint Testing &
Requirements
                       Services      Harmonization       & Analysis          Capability Demonstration




Title 10 / 50                                      COCOM
Performance          Services        CSAs
                                                    JIOC
                                                                   DIOCC           ….        Coalition
Requirements




                                                Governance Focus
                • Common Level of Interoperability (DoD & DNI)
                • DoD Data Strategy Implementation / Data Sharing (DoD & DNI)
                • Validated Capabilities and Requirements (JCS & DNI)
                • Efficient and Effective Expenditure of Resources (Comptroller / CPM & DNI)
                                                                                                         14
Governance – A Shared Responsibility


                                                                  AT&L
                      Joint Staff

                                                     OIPT/DAB
                                JROCM

                                                                     ADM
                      JCIDS
                                                                                    ASD(NII)

                                Capabilities Acquisition                    DoDD
  USD(I)
            BA-CPM                                                                         USD(I)
                                                                                 DoDI
                        Funding
                        Budget                                    Policy
                                             DIIE
         Budget         Execution
USD(C)                                    Governance                             Memo      USD(P)
         Reviews


                           Mission                           Standards
                           Effectiveness                                   STANAGS
    Joint    DT/OT                                           Formats
    Staff
                                                                       Handbooks     DNI/CIO
                Fielding
    COCOMs                                Interoperability
                        Support                                  Architectures
         Warfighter                                                              DoD/CIO
                                     Demonstration
                Intel                   Events
                                                     Exercises         Functional
                Consumer                                               Managers
                              Coalition
                                    Services         DOT&E    CSAs
                                               COCOMs                                               15
                               “The Plan”


•   OUSD(I) Overview
•   Importance of Governance
•   OUSD(I) Role in Acquisition Process
•   Challenges & Priorities




                                          16
                           Third Question:
What is USD(I)’s Role in Acquisition?

   ANSWER …guide Defense Intelligence
   Enterprise choices as reflected in
      • Policy
      • Planning
      • Analysis
      • Collection
      • Operations
      • Programming
      • Acquisition
      • Budgeting
      • and Execution Actions

                                        17
                        A Few of USD(I)’s
                     Themes & Top Priorities
• Operationalize & Strengthen Defense Intelligence
   – Maximize community collaboration
   – Forge closer intelligence relationships with coalition partners

• Improve Defense Intelligence Acquisition
   – Harmonize OSD/ODNI architecture initiatives, strategies, priorities
     & training/education - working with AT&L and ODNI/FCO(Aqn)
• Increase Target Access
   – ISR Task Force
   – Evolve persistent surveillance capabilities; balance all ISR capabilities
   – Experiment with new capabilities

• Strengthen Security & Counterintelligence
   – Improve security clearance process
   – Expand technical security capabilities & enhance information assurance
     practices
                                                                                 18
                               “The Plan”


•   OUSD(I) Overview
•   Importance of Governance
•   OUSD(I) Role in Acquisition Process
•   Challenges & Priorities




                                          19
                            Fourth Question:

What are some of our Major Challenges?




    Are We Prepared for a     Budget?
                                         20
             Topline: Going Where?

The Past…
  – Increased Defense Spending
  – Support for Supplemental GWOT Funding




                                            21
                                                                 as a Percentage of GDP
                                             DoD Spending as a Percentage of GDP
                                                    DoD Spending

                            40
                                                                                 Provides Indication of Affordability
                            35                                                   (disregarding remainder of Federal Budget)
                                                                                 NOT any Indication of What Should Be Spent
                            30
  DoD as a Percent of GDP




                            25



                            20



                            15



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                                 Roosevelt   Truman                    Johnson
                                                      Eisenhower Kennedy         Nixon   Ford Carter   Reagan   Bush   Clinton   Bush
                                                                                  Fiscal Year
Source: FY2008 DoD Greenbook

                                                                                                                                    22
                                              Topline Pressure

            600
                                   Troughs always follow build-ups
                     Korea                                                                GWOT
                                         Vietnam             Reagan Era
            500
                                                                         Desert Storm
 Topline                                                                                                 $200B
            400
  BY07 $B




            300



            200
                                                                            Procurement                  $100B
Investment                                                                    Holiday
            100



             0
                  FY47 FY51 FY55 FY59 FY63 FY67 FY71 FY75 FY79 FY83 FY87 FY91 FY95 FY99 FY03 FY07 FY11

            “Trough” could result in Topline & Investment respective reductions of
                                   $200B/year & $100B/year                       23
                    Reading the “Tea Leaves”

• Supplemental Funding Likely to Decrease or
  Disappear
• Defense Spending Leveling Off / Declining
• Demand for ISR & Intelligence Products
  Remains High
  – Insurgency Warfare often more demanding for ISR
    than Conventional Warfare

• Information Sharing will still be a High Priority


                                                  24
    Other Challenges

Can We Manage More ISR?




                          I know, but OSD
                          assures us this will
                          improve efficiency
          I don’t know,   and keep us ahead
      it seemed EASIER    of the enemy.
      when we just went
             hunting.




                                                 25
                            Dimensions of ISR…
                              “More of Everything”


More Collectors
Better Sensors




      More Data




•   More Storage
•   More Comms       Better Intel
•   More Tools
•   More Analysts
•   More Linguists


            …All on an Operationally Responsive Timeline
                                                           26
                     Sensor Data Volume




                How do we handle all this data?
        “Rebalancing Collection & PED may be Necessary”
UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO
       ISR IW Support: Current Situation

• The enduring value of Intel available to the
  warfighter has never been higher
• Multiple steps taken to address increased
  operational demand, including increased
  deployed and CONUS capability
  – Creation of the ISR-Task Force
  – Director is a 3-Star within OUSD(I)

  SECDEF: “…more must and can be done to
provide additional tactical ISR to our forces
deployed in combat.”
                                                 28
                                                       Coalition ISR …
                              KEY Component of Joint Operations

                                                               GMTI

                                                                         EO

                                                                                 SAR




                                                                 IR

                                                                       Optical



                                                                                   Video


Though the US retains the right to conduct unilateral military operations, it will most
likely fight as a member of a coalition.
• Bosnia: 30 + Nations
• Iraqi Freedom: 26 + Nations
• Enduring Freedom: 34 + Nations

 Access to coalition ISR data is a “force Multiplier” in
    terms of the deployment of HD/LD ISR assets.         29
               Analysts & Linguists: Partnerships

  Coalition Partners bring critical capabilities
      • Native language skills

      • Excellent intel analysis

      • Different geographic perspective


           Taking Full Advantage of Their Strengths
          Require Treating our Allies as “Full Partners”


UNCLASSIFIED
          What We Need from You

Help Us …
 – Team together at the technical, policy and
   leadership levels to build an effect Intel
   Enterprise
 – Address the Challenges of New Sensors
   and Effective TPED
 – Deliver innovative solutions in support of
   our force deployed in combat operations




                                                31
      Questions

        Mr. Jim Martin
           OUSD(I)
         13 April 2009

        Overall Classification:       32
UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

				
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