Russell Crowe Corporation - PowerPoint by ptd10654

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									                 Year released: 2001
Produced By: Cameron Crowe, Tom Cruise & Paula Wagner
        Written & Directed By: Cameron Crowe

                        Staring:
               Tom Cruise, (David Aames)
             Penelope Cruz, (Sofia Serrano)
              Cameron Diaz, (Julie Gianni)
           Kurt Russell (Dr. Curtis McCabe)
                Jason Lee (Brian Shelby)
            Noah Taylor (Edmund Ventura)
              Timothy Spall (Thomas Tipp)
           Tilda Swinton (Rebecca Dearborn)
Intro

This movie (which title is a reference to a Monet painting) is
based on Alejandro Amenabar's 1997 Spanish mind- teaser
Abre los ojos "Open Your Eyes” which also stared Penélope
Cruz.

Unlike Cameron Crowe’s previous feel good movies Say
Anything, Singles, Jerry Maguire and Almost famous; Vanilla
Sky takes on issues beyond optimism and love. Cameron tackles
image and youth-obsession, self-worth, identity, narcissism,
hollow lifestyles, phony aspirations, alienation and existential
angst, lucid dreaming, eternal love, hate, shame, guilt, anger,
revenge, redemption, reincarnation, and the nature of reality and
consciousness.
Interesting facts

Cameron Crowe says that there are 428 references to pop
culture made in the film.

In Tom Cruise's bedroom look for a poster for - Jules et Jim
(1961) - , a French movie in which the climactic scene
involves the female star driving a car with her and her lover
off a bridge.

Keep in Mind

Be aware of the narrative progression and incorporation of
music into scenes. Pay careful attention to what is happening
in the background – TV sets, writing, etc..
Overview
Told in mind bending elliptical fashion - Vanilla Sky takes a journey into the mind of a shallow
playboy named David Aams (a.k.a. Citizen Dildo) who is about to be awakened from a state of
suspended animation. His life story is pieced together while discussing, with his imaginary psychiatrist
(who he has fashioned after the father in To Kill a Mockingbird), a murder he is being accused of. His
memory is a combination of dream and reality; however, he has vivid recollection that he has inherited
his father’s fortune as a publishing mogul. During a birthday party he quickly falls for a girl (Sophia -
Penelope Cruz) that his best friend Brian (Jason Lee), had brought. He takes her home were they have
an innocent evening together. When the evening is over a girl (Julie - Cameron Diaz) who is stalking
and obsessed with David invites him into her car. In a decision that proves fateful, David agrees.
Disgruntled and deranged she drives them both off a bridge. Julie is killed; yet David survives, is
disfigured and goes through months of painful rehabilitation. He never fully recovers, suffers great
pain and battles to maintain control of the company. David’s memory begins to spiral into a surreal and
nightmare like dementia. He knows someone has died but is not sure whom. At the end of the movie
we learn that tech support from Life Extension Corporation has been sent into his nightmare to return
him to the dream he had originally created when signing a contract to be cryogenically frozen. This
dream includes fixing his disfigurement, falling in love with Sofia and incorporating this into all his
favorite images he has had throughout his life. The dream has turned into a nightmare and through his
imaginary psychiatrist he comes to the painful realization that he was the one who was killed. Tech
support fills in the pieces of what happened directly before and after his suicide and allows him the
decision to either fix the dream or go on living in the real world. He ultimately decides to live in the
real world rather than in the dream.
Theme

• Seemingly little decisions can create great consequences; and
with every passing moment is a chance to turn our lives around.
Although this can lead to good or bad (The sweet is never as
sweet without the sour) outcomes - the randomness of life events
and the ability to choose is what makes life worth living.

• In other words - stop living in an unconscious state. "Open your
eyes," appreciate the life you've been given. Choosing the
scenario of jumping off the building to be awakened (a sort of
password to trigger his darkest fear of heights - the fear to make
hard decisions - the ultimate decision to awaken) crystallizes this
theme.
Narrative Techniques

The movie is told in elliptical or non-linear order:
The entire story is a trip into a person’s memories and dreams.

Foreshadowing:
Utilized throughout movie “My own death was right there in front
of me and you know what happened? Your life flashed before my
eyes.”

Flashbacks:
Gives subjective point of view from an objective source (David’s
memories dreams)
Narrative Techniques

First person point of view:
We see David’s perception of events during his time in the
real life, and in his lucid dream.

Television and other background elements are used to
give clues during the movie:
Benny the dog and interview with scientist. The word dream
is written backwards on the chalkboard during jail scenes.
Cinematography - Lighting


Realistic lighting and pictorial lighting is used.

Realistic lighting is used in outside shots (the sun).

A combination of lighting is used When Dr. McCabe is in jail and
interviewing David. There are shadows and darkness around him.
However, there is also realistic lighting coming through the windows.
Cinematography - Special shots

• A completely abandoned Times Square is remarkable

• NYC's overhead shots are memorable (helicopter/crane shots)

• Bob Dylan's Album Cover

• The vanilla sky - end scene at the top of the building

• Cruise’s leap of the building before awakening.

• Spinning shots in beginning

• Spinning shot when David is calling for “Tech Support”

• Subjective shot from car - feels like you are in car when it crashes.
Editing

Scene transitions were made using straight cuts and quick
thematic montages.

Short choppy shots during moments of dementia and when dying
add to the tension and overall emotion of the scene.

Montage of David’s life flashing before his eyes at end of movie.
Production Design

Year released: 2001
Produced By: Cameron Crowe, Tom Cruise & Paula Wagner
Written & Directed By: Cameron Crowe
Locations: Los Angeles, California, New York, New York
An Empty Time Square was extraordinary
The final scene on the roof with vanilla sky and jump off the
building (computer enhancement)

Tom Cruise - A mature role and somewhat different than usual.
Cameron Diaz - a more serious role compared to most roles.
Penelope Cruz- very convincing, wonderful character

Penelope Cruz and Tom Cruse began a relationship soon after this
movie was made
Sound Design

The soundtrack is critical to the overall mise-en-scene and gives
insights into David’s character. The choice of songs represents
David's psyche - a commentary for us as we watch his
psychological journey.

Highly emotive scenes incorporate ambient music that heightens the
mood ( Spiritualized during Funeral Party – Sigur Ros while saying
goodbye to friends before awakening). In some cases the song is in
absolute contrast with the events, and creates a nightmare, acid
tripped out feel. In the dream David strangles Sofia and the song
playing was “What if God was one of us”

After David wakes up on the street, sound effect noises begin. From
this point on the psychedelic effected noises add to the surreal
nightmare atmosphere.
Sound Design - Songs
1) Radiohead - Everything In It's Right Place,   24) Bob Dylan - Fourth Time Around,
2) Mint Royale - From Rusholme With Love,        25) Joan Osborne - One Of Us,
3) Paul McCartney - Vanilla Sky,                 26) Radiohead - I Might Be Wrong,
4) Red House Painters - Have You Forgotten,      27) U2 - Wild Honey,
5) REM - All The Right Friends,                  28) Bobby Holmes - Jingle Bell Rock,
6) Looper - My Robot,                            29) Monkees - Porpoise Song,
7) John Coltrane - My Favorite Things,           30) It's Slinky - TV Commercial,
8) The Impressions - Keep On Pushing,            31) The Five Americans - Western Union,
9) Looper - Mondo 77,                            32) Rollings Stones - Heaven,
10) Josh Rouse - Directions,                     33) Todd Rundgren - Can We Still Be Friends,
11) Creeper Lagoon - Wrecking Ball,              34) Beach Boys - Good Vibrations,
12) Peter Gabriel - Solsbury Hill,               35) Elmer Bernstein - Summer's End (To Kill A
13) Juliana Gianni - I Fall Apart,               Mockingbird),
14) Jeff Buckley - Last Goodbye,                 36) Sinead O'Connor - The Healing Room,
15) Sigur Ros - Svefn-g-Englar,                  37) Sigur Ros - The Nothing Song (Njosnavelin),
16) Spacecraft - Earthtime Tapestry,             38) Freur - Doot Doot,
17) Theivery Corporation - Indra,                39) Chemical Brothers - Where Do I Begin,
18) Sigur Ros - Agetis Byrjun,                   40) Spiritualized - Ladies And Gentleman We
19) Lefifield/Afrika Barbaera - Africa Shox,     Are Floating In Space,
20) Chemical Brothers - Loops Of Fury,           41) Nancy Wilson - Elevator Beat.
21) Underworld - Rez,
22) Two Sandwiches Short Of A Lunchbox - Too
Good To Be Strange,
23) REM - Sweetness Follows,
Sound Design – Thematic Quotes

Beginning and end of the movie: Open your eyes.

David: The little things... there's nothing bigger, is there?

Even in my dreams, I'm an idiot who knows he's about to wake up to
reality.

I want to live a real life... I don't want to dream any longer.

Brian: Just remember the sweet is never as sweet without the sour

You're in O.J. Land man
Sound Design – Thematic Quotes

Sofia: Every passing minute is another chance to turn it all
around.

I’ll tell you in another life when we are both cats.

I think she's the saddest girl to ever to hold a martini.

Tilda Swinton: This is a revolution of the mind

Edmund (Tech Support): It's been a brilliant journey of self-
awakening. And now you've simply got to ask yourself this: What
is happiness to you, David?

David is also told to "wake up" by several people during the
second half of the film.
Symbolism

The book - Jung's Memories, Dreams, Reflections - At beginning
of movie represents a journey through a man's life.

David Aames name is significant: He is "aiming" for something -
some truth, a deeper understanding - through his memories and
dreams, "I'm livin' the dream, baby. Livin' the dream," he says to
Brian - in a double entendre.

Julie represents David's ruthless narcissism and his loneliness. She
is the only character who confronts him about his disregard for
anyone but himself. The nemesis to Sofia.
Symbolism

Sofia represents love and generosity, (she arrives at David's
birthday party- a total stranger - with a gift for him. In Greek
mythology Sophia is the spirit of wisdom or mother of all.

Brian represents balance. Brian is a pragmatic writer. “You
have to learn to take the bitter with the sweet.” He reminds
David that there are consequences to one's actions.

Dr. McCabe is the personification of the loving, nurturing male
and David's notion of a psychologist. The father he never had
David admits that his dreams are a cruel joke. “Even in my
dreams I know I'm an idiot about to wake up. I try to dream I'm
flying, but it never works.” He longs for consciousness.
Symbolism

The mask “facial prosthetic” is a reference to the external image he
presents to the world. Each of us walks around in life wearing a
facial prosthetic of one kind or another. “It's only a mask if you
treat it that way,” The doctor in the movie explains.

								
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