fish by TOMNUY


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									  5 Ways to
Limit Mercury
           1 that are
   Choose fish
     lower in mercury.
                             More Information
              2 that have
   Don’t eat fish              Environmental Protection Agency:
     the most mercury.
                                Food and Drug Administration:

             3 smaller –
  Eat fewer – or
                   or call the FDA’s Food
                                Information Hotline toll-free at:
                             1-888-SAFEFOOD (1-888-723-3366)
      servings of fish.         New York State Fish Advisories:

            4 fish.
    Choose smaller
                                                                                      Eat Fish,
                                 Call 311 or visit
                                for more copies of this brochure.
             5 of fish.
    Eat a variety
                                                                                    Choose Wisely
                                                                                    Protect Against Mercury
                                                                                            A Guide for
                                                                                    Pregnant and Breastfeeding
                                                                                    Women and Young Children

                                                                EHS1317601 - 6.07
                                                        Know Your Serving Size                                         Weekly Servings of Fish and Shellfish
Many people eat fish                                                                                                     Recommended for Pregnant and
                                                        A typical adult serving size is 4 to 6 ounces. A child’s    Breastfeeding Women, and Young Children
and shellfish as part of                                serving should be smaller. If you eat larger portions,
                                                        eat fish less often than recommended in the chart.                  Based on an adult serving size of 6 ounces.
a healthy diet.                                                                                                                A child’s serving should be smaller.
                                                        • To estimate serving sizes, read food labels or
Fish is high in protein, low in calories, and rich in     ask about weight.                                        VERY LOW IN MERCURY       Eat Up to 5 Servings a Week
nutrients. But fish may also contain mercury. Most      • A 4-ounce fish steak or fillet is about the size
people can eat fish without being concerned about                                                                   • Anchovies              • Pollock
                                                          and thickness of a deck of cards.                         • Clams                  • Salmon*
mercury, but pregnant and breastfeeding women,                                                                      • Crawfish/Crayfish      • Sardines
and young children should choose fish wisely.           • Restaurant servings are often much larger than            • Hake                   • Shrimp
                                                          the recommended serving size.                             • Herring                • Tilapia
                                                        • A typical pair of nigiri sushi, sashimi or a              • Oysters                • Whiting
Mercury Can Harm Babies and                               single sushi roll contains about 2 ounces of fish.        * Some farmed salmon contain high
Young Children                                            To avoid harmful bacteria, pregnant women                   levels of other contaminants

During pregnancy, mercury can pass from a                 should not eat raw fish.
                                                                                                                     LOW IN MERCURY          Eat Up to 2 Servings a Week
mother to her baby. In smaller amounts, it can
                                                                                                                    • Butterfish             • Mullet
also pass into breast milk. Mercury can cause
                                                                                                                    • Catfish                • Mussels
learning problems in children by harming the                                                                        • Cod                    • Perch
developing brain.                                                                                                   • Crab                     (Ocean or White)
                                                                                                                    • Croaker (Atlantic)     • Scallops
Most babies whose mothers eat fish in pregnancy                                                                     • Flounder               • Shad (American)
are born healthy and develop well. Still, the less a                                                                • Haddock                • Sole
child is exposed to mercury, the better.                                                                            • Jacksmelt              • Squid/Calamari
                                                                                                                    • Mackerel               • Trout (Freshwater)
To protect their babies, women who are pregnant                                                                       (North Atlantic)       • Tuna (Canned Light)
or planning pregnancy and breastfeeding mothers                                                                                              • Whitefish
should eat fish that are lower in mercury and limit
the amount of fish they eat.                                                                                       HIGH IN MERCURY        Eat No More Than One Serving a Week
To protect their children, parents should choose fish                                                               • Bass (Black,           • Scorpionfish
that are lower in mercury and limit the amount                                                                        Saltwater, Striped)    • Sheepshead
                                                                                                                    • Bluefish               • Skate
they serve to children younger than 6 years.                                                                        • Eel                    • Snapper
                                                                                                                    • Halibut                • Tuna (Albacore
                                                                                                                    • Lobster                  or Canned White)*
Some Fish Have Too Much Mercury                                                                                     • Monkfish               • Weakfish/Sea Trout
                                                                                                                    • Sablefish
Most fish contain some mercury, and some
                                                                                                                    * Limit to 4 ounces
contain a lot. Larger fish and fish that eat other
fish tend to have more mercury.                                                                                     TOO HIGH IN MERCURY              Don’t Eat These Fish!
When people eat fish, the amount of mercury                                                                         • Chilean Sea Bass       • Shark
they take in depends on:                                                                                            • Grouper                • Swordfish
                                                                                                                    • Mackerel               • Tilefish
    • What kind of fish they eat,                                                                                     (King or Spanish)      • Tuna (Fresh,
                                                                                                                    • Marlin                   Steaks, Sushi)
    • How often they eat it, and                                                                                    • Orange Roughy
    • How much fish they eat at each meal.

                                                                                                                       Don’t eat fish or shellfish caught in local New York City
                                                                                                                          waters – they may contain other contaminants.

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