S3 Business Management

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					Kinlochbervie High School


Information Booklet for S3 Courses

March 2006
S3 Choice of Course Information
All pupils in S3 should take English, Maths, French, Religious Moral & Philosophical
Studies (RMPS), Personal & Social Education (PSE) and core Physical Education (PE).

Pupils must choose to do another five subjects. Subjects are at Standard Grade unless
stated otherwise on the relevant page. Choices should include at least one subject
from each of the following groups. The final subject chosen may be from any group.
The groupings taken are from national guidelines to schools that have been put in place
to ensure pupils follow a broad curriculum.
Creative/aesthetic         Science         Social Subjects          Technological
Art & Design               Biology         Business Mgmt*           Accounting
FTT* or LCT*               Chemistry       Geography                Art & Design*
Music                      Physics         History                  Business Management*
Physical Education*                                                 Computing
Practical Cookery*                                                  ECS or EFT or WWS
                                                                    FTT* or LCT*
                                                                    Music*
                                                                    Product Design
LCT: Lifestyle & Consumer Technology, FTT: Fashion & Textile Technology
ECS: Engineering Craft Skills, ETC: Enterprise Through Craft, WWS: Woodworking Skills

Some subjects fully meet the requirements of their particular group. Other subjects
(marked * ) do not meet the requirements of the group automatically, but depend on the
details of the courses prepared in a school. We have carried out careful comparisons
with the requirements and all of the above subjects can be considered as fitting.
However, parents should be aware that they may limit the breadth of their child‟s
curriculum by choosing such a subject and Mrs Gunn should be consulted before a
decision is made.

Subjects that appear in two groups can be chosen to represent either, e.g. Art & Design
can be chosen as the creative/aesthetic or the technological subject.

Please contact Dr Smith or Mrs Gunn should you wish to discuss any aspect of this
process. Pupils are encouraged to speak to relevant subject teachers. We will
endeavour to provide as many pupils as possible with the subjects of choice, but it is
inevitable that some pupils will have to accept at least one of their reserve subjects.
Also, it is likely some subjects will be withdrawn due to low levels of interest. Please
return the choice of course form to Dr Smith no later than Wednesday 29 March
2006. Forms received after this date may be too late to be taken into consideration
when the timetable is being made up and all the chosen subjects may not be available.
Art & Design : Intermediate 1 and 2
Aims
Art and Design is a two year course which follows the Higher Still Intermediate level
guidelines and aims to offer a wide range of practical experiences. This course
provides pupils with better preparation for progression in S5/6 and gives them an
opportunity to achieve at a higher level than Standard Grade. It encourages pupils to
become more visually aware, to have the confidence to express their own ideas and
feelings visually and to be able to solve practical design problems.

Content

The course is devised to benefit pupils at all levels of ability with a variety of activities
and experiences throughout the two years. Pupils follow a common course and
individual areas of interest are encouraged and developed. Towards the end of S3
pupils will be advised as to the level they should achieve in S4: either Intermediate 1 or
Intermediate 2. Art & Design covers both the technological and the creative/aesthetic
areas of the curriculum. There are three main areas of study.

Expressive Activity involves pupils in practical work exploring a given theme and
expressing their own ideas and feelings visually using a variety of media and materials
which may include drawing, painting, ceramics, printmaking, 3-dimensional work,
computer graphics and digital imagery. Pupils are expected to keep personal
sketchbooks at home to record ideas and research for work in the classroom.

Design Activity gives pupils the opportunity to tackle practical problem solving through
a process which demonstrates investigation and research into a design brief,
development of ideas, presentation of their own solution in 2-dimensional or 3-
dimensional form and evaluation of the result. This can include activities such as
product design, graphic or fashion design.

Art & Design Studies is intended to encourage pupils to develop ideas and opinions
on their own and on the work of other artists and designers and to make their own
judgments in written and visual form. Throughout the course pupils will have to
complete written assignments which will be closely related to their practical work.

Assessment

Assessment at Intermediate level is based on a pupil's performance in each of the three
activities, with most of the course work being assessed internally (this provides frequent
opportunities for individual discussion on progress). Classroom folio work is currently
verified by a 3 hour practical exam, with art work sent to the SQA for final grading.
Pupils working at Intermediate 1 submit a piece of written work to the SQA for external
marking while those at Intermediate 2 level take a 1 hour written exam in Art & Design
Studies.

Further Study
Pupils who achieve Intermediate 1 or 2 in S4 can progress to Intermediate 2 or Higher
respectively in S5. Progression then leads to the Advanced Higher course in S6, which
has had a good uptake of pupils in past years resulting in acceptances at Art College or
University to study fine art, design or architecture.
Biology
Aims

Standard Grade Biology aims to provide pupils with an understanding of living
organisms and their relationship to the natural environment in which they live. The
course also aims to provide pupils with an insight into the applications of biological
principles to relevant areas of human activity such as health care, environmental
management and technology.

Content

Standard Grade Biology not only covers the traditional study of plants and animals and
their environments, but also recently developed areas such as molecular biology and
biotechnology, which are highly relevant to society today.

Three aspects of the subject are developed:

    * the biological basis of life, which includes the study of cells, plant growth,
      genetics and the processes necessary for animal survival.

    * the relationship of living things to their environments, and to each other,
      including human influence on the environment

    * the ways in which Biology is applied in work, health and leisure activities, such
      as sport.

Completion of homework on a regular basis is an important feature of the course.

Assessment

There are three assessable elements in the course:
   * Knowledge and Understanding (KU)
   * Problem Solving (PS)
   * Practical Abilities (PA).

KU and PS are assessed by means of an external examination held towards the end of
S4. PA involves the assessment of the skills required to carry out an experimental
investigation in Biology. This element is assessed internally by the class teacher. The
three assessable elements contribute to the overall grade gained in the proportions 2
parts KU, 2 parts PS and 1 part PA.

Further Study/Career Options

Pupils with a Credit pass at Standard Grade can progress to Higher Biology in S5/6
while those with a General pass can progress to Intermediate 2 Biology in S5/6.

Standard Grade Biology can open the way to a wide range of careers including careers
allied to medicine, agriculture, environmental science, biotechnology and scientific
research. Biology is also suited to provide skills which can be useful in other career
areas such as Management, Accountancy or the Civil Service.
Business Studies Department

The department is offering two courses to S3 this session, Accounting and Business
Management. However, it is highly likely only one of them will actually run. Both
courses are offered at Intermediate level rather than at Standard Grade. This is
because Intermediate offers a better preparation for continuing at a higher level in S5/6.
Also, an A pass at Intermediate 2 is thought to be a better qualification than a Grade 1
at Standard Grade. Further information is available from Mr McMahon.



Accounting : Intermediate 1 and 2
This course aims to develop in candidates the ability to identify, accurately record and
communicate financial and other relevant information to allow judgments and decisions
to be made. It encourages candidates to think logically and to apply accounting
principles in a consistent and effective manner, thus developing their problem-solving
and decision-making skills.

Course Structure

The course has two units: Financial Accounting and Management Accounting.
Financial accounting enables candidates to understand how entrepreneurial
organisations are structured, financed, managed and controlled. It will enable
candidates to develop the ability and knowledge to prepare business documents,
record financial transactions, prepare financial statements of business organisations
and gain the skills necessary to analyse and evaluate business performance.
The study of management accounting will enable candidates to understand the
significance and need for classifying and controlling costs, to develop skills in cash
budgeting and to prepare a range of cost statements. It will also develop the skills and
techniques necessary to allow candidates to prepare and interpret break-even charts,
and to use break-even analysis and marginal costing techniques to make informed
decisions.

All pupils will initially follow the Int 1 course. Pupils who achieve the required standard
will be offered the opportunity to sit the Int 2 exam in S4. It would be beneficial if the
candidates had shown an aptitude for mathematics. Throughout the course candidates
will be encouraged to use spreadsheets when preparing financial and management
accounting statements as their use is mandatory in the unit assessment.

Assessment

To achieve the course award the candidate must pass the units as well as the course
assessment. The candidate‟s grade is based on the course assessment. For each
unit, the unit assessments will be of a closed book nature and should take place at an
appropriate time. The maximum time allowed for this is 1 hour 30 minutes. The course
assessment is an exam which will last 1 hour 30 minutes and will cover the whole
course.
Business Studies Department, continued


Business Management : Intermediate 1 and 2
The study of Business Management at Intermediate 1 develops an awareness of the
key elements of business with which managers have to deal. It will enable candidates
to acquire knowledge and understanding of the role and operation of business, to
develop and apply some problem solving skills, and to communicate by means of
written or spoken language. This should benefit all candidates, whether or not they
subsequently follow a career in business. Candidates will gain from both the theoretical
underpinning and the vocational relevance of the study of business management at this
level.

Course Structure

This course has three units, Business in Contemporary Society, Business Activities and
Information in Business.

Topics covered by the course include the following.
The contribution of business to society, wealth creation, production and consumption,
satisfaction of human wants.
Types of business organisation: self-employed, private limited company, public limited
company, voluntary organisation, charity, public corporation, government-funded
service provider, local authority-funded provider.
The role of the entrepreneur, enterprise, identifying business opportunities, risk taking.
Objectives, profit, survival, growth, social responsibility, provision of a service, relating
to different types of organisation.
Operations, marketing, human resources and information in business.

All pupils will initially follow the Int 1 course. Pupils who achieve the required standard
will be offered the opportunity to sit the Int 2 exam in S4. It would be beneficial if the
candidates had shown an aptitude for English.

Assessment

To achieve the course award the candidate must pass the units as well as the course
assessment. The candidate‟s grade is based on the course assessment. For each
unit, the unit assessments will be of a closed book nature and should take place at an
appropriate time. External assessment will be by means of a single written exam, worth
50 marks, of 1¼ hours duration. Knowledge & understanding, problem solving and
decision making will be assessed in this paper. It will consist of two interpretation
items; each answer should be about 300 words and is worth 25 marks.

Progression within Business Studies Department at the End of S4

Pupils with an Int 2 pass can progress to Higher in S5/6 while those with an Int 1 pass
can progress to Intermediate 2 in S5/6 and get a head start in their career.
Chemistry
Aims

The Standard Grade Chemistry Course aims to make pupils aware of the chemical
basis of the world around them - for example, food, clothes and the environment are all
results of chemistry in action.

The course also aims to show something of the contribution of chemistry to the quality
of everyday life - for example, in searching for better fuels and for better medicines, in
fighting against corrosion, in developing and improving substances to help crops grow
and in producing plastic and other useful materials.

It is important for pupils to be aware of the problems of pollution caused by misusing
materials and the dangers of squandering resources. A proper awareness of the
problems and dangers, along with possible solutions, can only be gained through a
study of chemistry.

Content

The course provides a sound basis for further study, for training or for work. It is
available only at the two upper levels of Standard Grade - General Level and Credit
Level.

Knowledge of chemistry is not gained for its own sake; it is put to use in practical work
and in solving chemical problems.

Practical laboratory work has an essential place in the course and it acts as a stimulus
to interest and enjoyment.

Completion of homework on a regular basis is an important feature of the course.

Assessment

Work is assessed on performance in the following course elements:

    *   Knowledge and Understanding (KU)
    *   Problem Solving (PS)
    *   Practical Techniques
    *   Practical Investigation.

Ku and PS are assessed internally on a regular basis through homework and end of
topic tests and nationally by written examination, set and marked by SQA.
Performance in Practical Techniques and Practical Investigations are conducted in
class time, assessed by the teacher, with assessment standards checked by SQA. A
combined mark is allocated for this aspect of the course work.

Further Study

Pupils with a Credit pass at Standard Grade can progress to Higher Chemistry in S5/6
while those with a General pass can progress to Intermediate 2 Chemistry in S5/6.
Computing : Intermediate 1
Purpose

“The development of computing over the last few decades has been significant in terms
of speed and scope. It has had an effect on all aspects of our lives, and its future
course remains unpredictable.
Our society requires more and more individuals who have the skills to use these tools,
who understand how they work, and who have the ability to develop new and improved
tools.”                                       Scottish Qualifications Authority, 2004

The aims of the course at Intermediate 1 level is to provide knowledge and
understanding of computing, practical skills to use both computer software and
hardware, the ability to solve problems using technology and an awareness of the
application of these skills socially and in the world of work.
There will be the opportunity for able pupils to prepare for Intermediate 2 and Higher
in S5.

Course Details

The course is divided into three units of equal length.
Unit One – Computing Applications increases the awareness of a variety of
applications and hardware promoting practical skills related to technology.
Unit Two – The Multimedia Applications unit is designed to introduce pupils to the
software and hardware needed to capture and manipulate text, graphics, sound and
video.
Unit Three – Computers and the Internet develops further knowledge and
understanding of a computer system, as well as the Internet as a source of information
and the production of a web site.

Assessment and Certification

Each unit is internally assessed. This will represent 50% of the final mark. Students
who are successful in the unit work will be able to sit the end of course exam. This
comprises the remaining 50%. Certification will be at levels; „A‟ (70% and above), „B‟
(60% - 69%), „C‟ (50% - 59%) and „D‟ (45% - 49%, designated a near miss). Students
who do not sit, or fail the final exam, will be credited with any unit assessments that
they may have passed.

Progression

Students who achieve Intermediate 1 may progress to
*     Intermediate 2 Computing or Higher Computing or PC Passport
*     Further education opportunities using the award for specialist or general entry to
      courses
*     A very wide range of employment and training opportunities where the use of, or
      knowledge of the application of computers is regarded as a core or background
      skill.
Computing : Intermediate 2
Purpose

“The development of computing over the last few decades has been significant in terms
of speed and scope. It has had an effect on all aspects of our lives, and its future
course remains unpredictable.
Our society requires more and more individuals who have the skills to use these tools,
who understand how they work, and who have the ability to develop new and improved
tools.”                                       Scottish Qualifications Authority, 2004

The aims of the course at Intermediate 2 level is to provide knowledge and
understanding of computing, practical skills to use both computer software and
hardware, the ability to solve problems using technology and an awareness of the
application of these skills socially and in the world of work.

Course Details

The course is divided into three units of equal length.
Unit One – Computer Systems develops an understanding of how computers
work, how computer hardware and software is organized and how data is input,
stored and output.
Unit Two – Software Development looks at the software environment and the
solving of problems using a programming language.
Unit Three – The Multimedia Technology unit is designed to introduce pupils to the
software and hardware needed to capture and manipulate text, graphics, sound and
video.

Assessment and Certification

Each unit is internally assessed. This will represent 50% of the final mark. Students
who are successful in the unit work will be able to sit the end of course exam. This
comprises the remaining 50%. Certification will be at levels; „A‟ (70% and above), „B‟
(60% - 69%), „C‟ (50% - 59%) and „D‟ (45% - 49%, designated a near miss). Students
who do not sit, or fail the final exam, will be credited with any unit assessments that
they may have passed.

Progression

Students who achieve Intermediate 2 may progress to
*     Higher Computing or PC Passport at intermediate or advanced level
*     Further and education opportunities using the award for specialist or general
      entry to courses
*     A very wide range of employment and training opportunities where the use of, or
      knowledge of the application of computers is regarded as a core or background
      skill.
English
Aims

The general aims of the English Department apply to all pupils: to develop as fully as
possible for each individual the language skills of listening (including viewing), reading,
talking, writing and thinking in contexts which promote a growing social and personal
awareness.

Content

More specifically teaching at Standard Grade will seek to improve pupils' performance
in the following skills.

    * Reading
      For understanding and enjoyment (novels, stories, prose extracts, poems, plays,
      journalism, etc.).
      For information (books of reference, instructions, non-fiction, timetables, etc.).

    * Writing
      Creative Writing (description, stories, scripts, poems).
      Writing for Practical Purposes (to convey information, notes, redrafting, letters,
      forms, etc.).
      Critical Evaluation of Reading.

    * Listening & Viewing
      For understanding and enjoyment (stories, plays, poems - directly or via the
      media of radio, TV and film).
      For information.
      As part of discussion (ideas, feelings, argument).

    * Talking
      To convey information, experience, tell stories.
      To convey ideas, attitudes, feelings.
      As part of discussion (committee skills, interviews).

Assessment

Final grades for Reading and Writing will be equally based on external assessment of a
folio and on performance in the Standard Grade examination in May. The final grade
for Talking is assessed by the class teacher.

The Standard Grade Certificate will show separate grades for Reading, Writing and
Talking and the overall grade for English. The three separate elements have equal
weighting.

Further Study

All pupils will take English at an appropriate level in S5.
French

Aims

The Modern Languages Department aims to develop some linguistic competence,
knowledge about language and confidence in pupils. It will promote the language in
everyday use. Pupils will develop the skills of reading, speaking, listening and writing in
the foreign language.

Content

The course is topic based and these will relate to the interests and lifestyles of young
French speakers. There will be an emphasis also on the culture of France. The course
book is Métro pour l’Ecosse – specially written for pupils studying for Scottish exams.
Occasionally this will be supplemented by other materials.

Assessment

Speaking is continuously assessed over the two years of the course. Speaking is
allocated one third of the marks. There is no final speaking exam. Pupils should
therefore make their best effort at each of these assessments.               Reading
comprehension is allocated one third of the marks and is externally assessed in the
final exam. Listening is assessed by a final exam and is allocated one sixth of the
marks. Writing is a compulsory part of the exam and is also allocated one sixth of the
total mark. Writing will be assessed by a folio of three pieces of work which is
externally marked by SQA.


Further Study/Career Options

There are many university courses now available which combine languages with other
fields of study e.g. languages/engineering, languages/computing, languages/sciences,
languages/law, languages/business studies. Languages are now seen as a desirable
even essential skill by many employers. Having one or more foreign language makes
the possibility of working abroad much more accessible and increases job prospects at
home.

Pupils with a Credit pass at Standard Grade can progress to Higher French in S5/6
while those with a General pass can progress to Intermediate 1 or 2. Other languages
may be available through open learning in S5/6.
Geography
Aims
The Standard Grade Geography course refines and expands concepts and themes
introduced in S1/S2 and develops new concepts and ideas to broaden the geographic
understanding and skills of the pupil.

Content
The course covers two years of class work and is based on three study themes.
The Physical Environment (P); The Human Environment (H); International Issues (I)
Each of these themes include a range of units which are spread over the two years.
Throughout the course relevant geographical enquiry skills are introduced.
       S3 Units
       Geographical Skills 1 (P,H)                     Settlement Studies (H)
       Farming (H)                                     Industry (H)
       Physical Landscapes (P)                         Rural Land Use and Competition
       (P,H)
       S4 Units
       Geographical Skills 2 (P,H)                     Weather and Climate (P)
       Natural Environments (P,I)                      Population (I)
       Trade, Aid and Development Issues (I)           International Relations (I)
       (S4 also includes a Revision section prior to Final Exam.)
Local outdoor field work is an integral part of the course and is essential to the learning
of a range of geographical skills which are introduced in both years of the course.

Assessment
To achieve a good Standard Grade in Geography, you must do well in two main
elements.
      Element               Worth          General Content & Ideas
      Knowledge and         40%            To develop a sense of place and location.
       Understanding                       To develop an understanding of people,
                                           Society and landscapes around the world.
      Enquiry Skills        60%            Giving reasons for, justifying, making
                                           decisions and good choices.
                                           Evaluating information.
The Knowledge and Understanding and Enquiry Skills elements will be externally
assessed by the Standard Grade exam in May. All Geography candidates will be
expected to sit the General Level exam paper and also either the Credit or Foundation
paper, depending on their level of performance.

Further Study / Career Options
Pupils with a Credit pass at Standard Grade can progress to Higher Geography in S5/6
while those with a General pass can progress to Intermediate 2.

Geography provides learning skills such as map reading, investigating, information
handling, processing and understanding relationships in the human and natural worlds.
This can be used in a wide range of careers such as travel, tourism & leisure,
transportation, planning, information systems, environmental studies, natural heritage
and conservation, countryside rangering & managing and emergency services. The
subject is well regarded as a “bridge” between the humanities and sciences.
History
Aims

Concepts and themes introduced in S1/2 are refined and expanded, but by Standard
Grade, more focus is placed on skills of analysing evidence, constructing arguments
and investigating. The course covers two years of class work and is based on three
study themes.

Content

       Scotland and Britain           Population                        Coal Mining
       1830s - 1930s                  Railways                          Rural Life
                                      Town life and Conditions          Suffragettes
                                      Highland Emigration and Irish Immigration

       International Cooperation      Causes of World War One           Road to War & Conflict
       1890-1920                      Spread of the War                 Schliefen Plan & Stalemate
                                      Trench Warfare                    The Home Front
                                      Treaty of Versailles (1)          League of Nations
                                      Keeping the Peace

       People and Power               Germany in 1919                   Treaty of Versailles (2)
       1918-1939                      Weimar Republic                   Inflation & Munich Putsch
                                      Rise of the Nazi Party            Nazis in Power

Assessment

To achieve a good Standard Grade in History, you must do well in two main elements.

       Element                Worth            General Content & Ideas
       Knowledge and          40%              Applying knowledge in a historical context
       Understanding                           and understanding the causes,
                                               consequences and importance of events

       Enquiry Skills         60%              Giving reasons for, justifying, making
                                               decisions and good choices.

The Knowledge & Understanding and Enquiry Skills elements will be externally
assessed by the Standard Grade exam in May. All History candidates will be expected
to sit the General Level exam paper and also either the Credit or Foundation paper,
depending on their level of performance.

Further Study/Career Options

Pupils with a Credit pass at Standard Grade can progress to Higher History in S5/6
while those with a General pass can progress to Intermediate 2. The investigative
nature of History combined with the skill of report writing makes history a good
preparation for the following careers - Journalism, Management, Insurance, Local
Government,     Police,   Administration, Law,    Banking,   the   Civil  Service,
Primary/Secondary teaching, Broadcasting and Publishing.
Home Economics Department
Aims

The general aim of the Home Economics department for S3/4 is to prepare pupils for
further study or employment in the food industry, the service and consumer industry or
the textile industry, or to provide them with a life long interest. This is achieved through
units of work which give opportunities for the development of manipulative, sensory and
creative skills, at all levels of ability, backed up by hygienic and safe working practices
and by the relevant ICT.

Three different courses are offered and pupils may choose two if desired. However,
they should not choose both FTT and LCT.


Home Economics
Fashion and Textile Technology (FTT) : Intermediate 1 OR
Lifestyle and Consumer Technology (LCT) : Intermediate 1
Both these Home Economics courses have a similar format and are made up of two
units of 20 and two units of 40 hours.

In FTT the mandatory units involve work on practical fabric skills and design & make.
An optional unit on the organisation of practical skills, the fashion industry, craft skills or
the use of technology will also be studied.

In LCT the mandatory units involve work on practical skills, food preparation and pre-
school children. An optional unit on design & make, parenting or health & safety of the
young will also be studied

Assessment

Each unit is assessed using practical and written tests. There is no final exam, but
there is a final practical assignment. The assignment brief is set by SQA and the pupils
have 10 hours in which to carry out their written preparation, do the planned practical
tasks and then complete a written evaluation.

Further Study

Pupils who pass an Int 1 level course with a C, B or A pass will be able to take the
course at Int 2 in S5, then possibly Higher in S6. Pupils who achieve an A pass with
distinction may be allowed to go straight into Higher in S5 provided they are also
studying Higher English.

Career Options

There are a wide variety of career choices at all levels. These include Nursing and
Child Care, Education, Consumer Affairs, Fashion, Textile and Clothing and Consumer
Products and Services.
Home Economics Department, continued


Hospitality
Practical Cookery : Intermediate 1

This Intermediate 1 Hospitality course in practical cookery will help prepare pupils for
employment in catering or in bakery production. There are two mandatory 40 hour
units that involve work on food preparation techniques and cookery processes. There
are two mandatory 20 hours units which involve work on the organisation of practical
skills and on food hygiene, also leading to the REHIS Elementary Food Hygiene
Certificate.

Further Study

There is limited progression above Int 2 with this course, without a sideways move into
other aspects of Hotel Management and Catering. For further details see Mrs
MacLeod.

Assessment

Each unit is assessed using practical and written tests. There is no final written exam,
but there is a two hour final practical that requires written preparation. The assignment
brief is set by SQA.

Career Options

There are a wide variety of career choices at all levels. These include Catering, Chef
training in College or the Forces, Bakery, Confectionery and Hotel Management
Mathematics
Aims

The compulsory studying in S3 and S4 of Mathematics aims to continue developing the
students‟ knowledge and understanding. Enjoying and appreciating Mathematics at
Standard Grade is equally important for those working at Foundation, General and
Credit. In particular, there is a focus on how problem solving skills have wide ranging
applications throughout everyone‟s life. Emphasis is placed on how so many other
subjects depend on Mathematics from the more obvious Sciences through to Sport, Art,
Music, Philosophy and Sociology. The techniques taught vary in application from
everyday uses to opening up opportunities for particular jobs or further study.

Content

The course relies on developing the student‟s ability to communicate through explaining
and justifying their answers.

The ability to use technology, for example calculators and spreadsheets, is developed
alongside improving their own mental skills to solve problems without relying on such
tools.

Assessment

Students develop their ability to assess their own work in a positive and mature fashion
with access to the answers of individual questions as they work through their exercises.

At the end of each topic (roughly fortnightly) a Check Up exercise is completed with
more formal marking, as the answers are not available to the students when they
complete the questions.

Formal examinations take place at the end of S3 and their Preliminary Examination is at
December of S4.

Progression

A level 1 or 2 Credit pass allows progression to the S5/6 Higher course.
A level 3 or 4 General pass allows progression to the S5/6 Intermediate 2 course.
A level 5 or 6 Foundation pass allows progression to the S5/6 Intermediate 1 course.

Intermediate 2 is approximately the same level as a Standard Grade Credit pass and
Intermediate 1 as a Standard Grade General pass.
Music
Through practical involvement in music, the Standard Grade Music course aims to
enrich the lives of pupils of all levels of ability by developing the skills and insights
which are part of the full enjoyment of music.

Content

Pupils will engage in the following learning activities.

*   Performing music from a wide range of musical styles, including pop, musicals, etc.
*   Performing music, solo and/or in a group, on two different instruments.
*   Creating music through improvisation, composing or arranging.
*   Listening to music that is relevant, and related to their practical experiences, and
    developing listening skills which are pertinent to the broadest musical scope.

The Standard Grade course places a great deal of emphasis on practical music
making, in both solo and group situations. This is something that all pupils have been
working towards during their first two years in the High School, gaining practical skills
on electronic keyboard, guitar and percussion, as well as through access to other
instrumental tuition via the instrumental scheme. These skills will be developed during
the two years of the Standard Grade course, giving all pupils who follow the course a
thorough working knowledge of at least two instruments. This, for example, may include
acoustic/electric guitars, keyboards, woodwind, strings, brass, drum kit or voice.

These practical skills, together with the listening and creative work required, make for
an enjoyable and very worthwhile course, which will give all pupils who follow the
course an understanding of the music that surrounds them in their everyday lives, as
well as the pleasure gained from their playing abilities. It also can offer those more
vocationally minded a solid initial step to further education in music, through courses at
Higher level and beyond. Though the Standard Grade course is primarily a practical
course there are another two elements involved; listening and inventing. Pupils will be
encouraged to listen intelligently to all kinds of music, with an emphasis on the
Traditional and Modern, rather than on Classical music. During the inventing part of the
course pupils will learn, among other things, the basics of improvisation. Pupils will
develop skills on two contrasting instruments, one of which may be learned in a group
situation, the other in a solo context or both solo if wished.

Assessment

Solo performance is assessed by a visiting examiner, Group Performance or Second
Instrument and Invention are internally assessed and externally moderated, and
listening is assessed by a written paper, set and marked by the SQA.

Further Study

Pupils with a Credit pass at Standard Grade may progress to Higher Music in S5/6
while those with a General pass may progress to Intermediate 2, though the final
decision on entry level will be in consultation with music staff. For those whose
practical skill on two instruments is weaker there is a possibility that an Int 1 course will
be made available. Again discussion will take place before any decision is made.
Physical Education

Aims

The Standard Grade Physical Education course contains both practical and theory
components which require pupils to participate in a range of physical activities and
show how the body works, responds to training and how we learn and develop our skills
and abilities.

Content

Throughout the course the pupil will be an active performer in gymnastics, dance,
individual activities, indoor and outdoor team games, and in a variety of roles - player,
coach, leader, observer and performer.

The course encourages pupils to make and accept decisions and to take on
responsibility. Throughout the course the pupil's practical experience and learning will
be supported by checklists used in practical skills, by worksheets requiring structured
written and graphic responses, and by oral participation in explanations.

In Standard Grade PE the Knowledge & Understanding and Evaluating sections are
worth 50% of the final course award. Therefore, homework and written class work are
a vital part of the course. Whilst this is a mostly practical course, theory and
understanding are essential and equally important aspects.

Assessment

Candidates will be assessed by a system common to all three levels, Foundation,
General and Credit.     These assessable elements are Practical Performance,
Knowledge & Understanding and Evaluating.

    * Practical Performance is continually assessed by the teacher throughout the
      course with assessment standards being checked by the SQA.
    * An externally assessed written paper combines both the Knowledge &
      Understanding and Evaluating elements. The subject matter is portrayed on
      video film which contains a variety of excerpts from several physical activities.
      The Knowledge & Understanding element will assess the candidate's
      understanding of facts and principles involved in learning skills whilst the
      Evaluating element tests that the candidate observes and recommends means
      of improving the observed performance.

Further Study

These processes form the foundation for a more advanced study of movement
performance and pupils with a Credit pass at Standard Grade can progress to Higher
PE in S5/6, while those with a good General pass can progress to Intermediate 2.
Physics

Aims

The aims of Standard Grade Physics are as follows.
   * To promote a better understanding of pupils physical surroundings.
   * To encourage and develop skills and attitudes which will be of value during and
      after the pupils' school careers.
   * To enable pupils to gain a better understanding of the basic principles on which
      modern technology is founded.

Content

Although the more traditional areas of Physics are still studied fully, more emphasis is
placed on the more modern aspects of the subject. In particular the course is biased
towards applications of the subject i.e. studying how different aspects of the subject are
relevant to, and made use of, in modern society. A large amount of experimental work
is involved where possible by individuals or small groups, occasionally on a large group
basis or by demonstration.

The main areas of study are:
   * Telecommunications               *   Using Electricity
   * Health Physics                   *   Electronics
   * Transport                        *   Energy
   * Space

Completion of homework on a regular basis is an important feature of the course.

Assessment

Assessment is carried out in 3 main areas.
   * Knowledge & Understanding (KU)
   * Problem Solving (PS)
   * Practical Abilities (PA)

KU and PS are assessed by an external examination held towards the end of S4. PA is
assessed internally on a continuous basis throughout S3 and S4.


Further Study/Career Options

Physics is a widely accepted and required entry qualification for many careers including
all branches of engineering and related industries, most areas of medicine, many
branches of the Armed Forces, many skilled trades, etc. It is also often a useful
qualification on other areas such as finance etc.

Pupils with a Credit pass at Standard Grade can progress to Higher Physics in S5/6
while those with a General pass can progress to Intermediate 2.
Product Design : Intermediate 2
This course is not available at Intermediate 1. Pupils who opt for this course but do not
achieve at Intermediate 2 level may opt to complete the units only (and not sit the final
exam) or to change to Standard Grade Craft & Design at General level.

Aims

The aims of the course are to:
*     develop the ability to produce solutions to design tasks
*     develop knowledge and understanding of basic considerations which have to be
      addressed when designing commercial products
*     develop basic graphic skills
*     develop practical skills in the production of models and prototypes
*     develop an awareness of commercial manufacturing processes & materials
*     develop an awareness of economic considerations, and the social and
      environmental implications of design and manufacture
*     prepare for further in-depth study of product design and manufacture

Course Details

There are three mandatory course units plus external assessments.
Product Design: Design Analysis
1.    Produce an evaluation of a commercial product.
2.    Establish a design specification from a brief.

Product Design: Developing Design Proposals
1.    Produce a design proposal.
2.    Communicate using graphics.
3.    Use modeling techniques.

Product Design: Manufacturing Products
1.    Explain why particular materials are used for the manufacture of commercial
      products.
2.    Explain why particular processes are used for the manufacture of commercial
      products.
3.    Produce an orthographic drawing suitable for use in the manufacture of a
      product.

External Assessment Details

The external assessment of the Intermediate 2 Product Design Course will consist of
two equally weighted components:
* Examination Question Paper (1½ hours) 50 marks
* Design Assignment                         50 marks

Progression
Higher Product Design in S5/6
Further Education courses involving Design, Manufacturing or Engineering
Practical Craft Skills

Engineering Craft Skills (ECS) : Intermediate 1
Woodworking Skills (WWS) : Intermediate 1

This is a practical workshop-based course where pupils learn many skills that are
appropriate to a wide range of applications. The course will develop skills in marking-
out, cutting, shaping and machining materials. Apart from giving an insight into
industrial practice, such studies help with the development of self-confidence, manual
dexterity & control, perseverance, maturity and spatial awareness.

Both subjects are made up of three course units followed by a course assessment
project that combines the work of the individual units. Throughout S3 and S4, pupils
will complete the three course units from both subjects followed by the course
assessment in either woodworking Skills or Engineering Craft Skills.

All individual units completed will be certificated. It may be possible for more able pupils
to complete both course assessments.

     Woodworking Skills                         Engineering Craft Skills

     Bench Skills 1 – Wood Flat-Frame           Bench Skills: Metal
     Construction                                   Read and interpret drawings and
         use a range of common hand                   instructions.
            tools                                   Use marking out tools and equipment to
         make a range of woodworking                  mark out components.
            joints                                  Use a range of metalworking hand tools
         manufacture a product from a                 and equipment.
            working drawing.                        Plan and manufacture artefacts from
     Bench Skills 2 – Wood Carcass                     working drawings.
     Construction                               Machine Processes: Metal
         select and use woodworking                Use marking out tools and equipment.
            materials for specific purposes         Demonstrate knowledge of common
         make a range of woodworking                  machine tools and equipment.
            joints                                  Manufacture an artefact from a working
         manufacture a product from a                 drawing.
            working drawing.                    Fabrication and Thermal Joining Techniques
     Machining and Finishing – Wood                 Apply hot-forging techniques to form and
         use common machine tools                     bend steel.
         use common power tools                    Apply thermal joining techniques.
         use finishing techniques on               Manufacture an artefact incorporating
            timber products                            fabrication and thermal joining
         with the aid of machine and                  techniques from a working drawing.
            power tools, manufacture a
            product from a working drawing.


Progression

*      Woodworking Skills or Engineering Craft Skills at Intermediate 2
*      Employment at operator or semi-skilled level in construction and engineering
       industries or placement on an industrial training course.
*      Employment as craft apprentice in the construction & engineering industries.
Enterprise Through Craft (ETC) : Access 2
This is the final Practical Craft Skills subject offered by the CDT department. This
subject will be taken in the same class as Woodworking Skills and Engineering Craft
Skills. It could be offered also at the higher level of Access 3.

Aims

The aims of the course are:
*     to foster practical skills in the creation of artefacts
*     to develop understanding and skills in areas of practical activity
*     to encourage interpersonal skills and awareness of the advantages of working as
      part of a team
*     to highlight the importance of safety and encourage responsible attitudes in the
      work environment
*     to contribute to personal development, in particular regarding practical capability.

Course Units

Working with Craft Tools: An Introduction
The aim of this unit is to develop the candidate‟s appreciation of the value of tools and
equipment generally, so that he or she will have a responsible attitude towards the use
of tools.
Outcomes:
Identify the tools associated with practical craft skills.
Use a range of tools safely.
Demonstrate that the value of tools in the practical environment is understood.

Practical Craft Skills
This unit develops the candidate competence necessary to complete a range of
activities relating to craft skills, using a range of materials.
Outcomes:
Identify and prepare the materials suitable for two artefacts which will be manufactured.
Produce a range of artefacts in a learning situation.
Carry out health and safety instructions.

Craftwork Enterprise
This unit develops competence in the manufacture and marketing of a product as a
group activity.
Outcomes:
Participate in the initial planning of the enterprise activity.
Perform individual practical tasks as part of a team engaged in the manufacture of a
product.
Carry out work in accordance with current safety procedures and practice.
Perform individual tasks as part of a team engaged in selling or providing a product.

Progression

Practical courses at Intermediate 1.
Religious, Moral & Philosophical Studies (RMPS) : Intermediate 1
Pupils in S3 will study RMPS and, unless otherwise decided on an individual basis, all
will be assessed at Intermediate 1 level.

Aims

Contemporary Scottish society can accurately be described as both multi-faith and
multi-cultural. It is vitally important that each person has the opportunity to explore and
strengthen his/her beliefs and value in an atmosphere of tolerance and respect.

The Intermediate 1 RMPS course provides certificated progression in S3-S4, from the
core curriculum from P1-S2, and gives individuals the opportunity to explore their own
beliefs and values, and to develop an appreciation of the beliefs and values of others.

Content

The course consists of three mandatory units.

The World Religion unit involves an introductory study of how the human condition, the
goals of existence and the means of achieving these goals are understood in one
religious tradition (choice of Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism and
Sikhism.

In the Morality in the Modern World unit candidates develop knowledge and
understanding of both religious and non-religious viewpoints on contemporary moral
issues (choice of 2 issues out of 8 from Gender Stereotyping to Genetic Engineering to
Responses to War etc).

The Existence of God unit involves an introductory study of classical philosophical
arguments relating to the question of the existence of God as well as traditional and
contemporary treatment of these arguments (First Cause, The Design Argument, The
Freewill Defence to Suffering, etc.)

Assessment

To achieve the course award, the candidate must pass the units as well as the course
assessment.

Attainment in the course is assessed through an individual candidate‟s performance in
a final exam. The time allocated is 1 hour 30 minutes.

Further Study and Career Options

Intermediate 1 articulates well with respective units at Intermediate 2 with progress to
Higher RMPS or Higher Philosophy, as well as providing valuable skills in any chosen
study or career.

				
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