Russia Starting Business

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• World’s largest country, lies on Europe and Asia
• Gigantic size and harsh climates make transportation
• European Russia is warmer than Asian Russia
• 75% of population live in European Russia
• Russia touches many inland bodies of water such as
  Black Sea, Caspian Sea, and Lake Baikal
• Caucasus Mountains = south of European Russia
Ural Mountains
Lake Baikal
• Urban =

• Rural =

• Suburbs =

• Tundra =

• Taiga =

• Steppes =
Inside the Kremlin
Trans-Siberian Railroad
Volga River
Mole Rats
• Over 145 million people and over 150
  different ethnic groups
• Religions =Christian, Islamic, Buddhist, or
• St. Petersburg has many beautiful museums
  and is home to the Marinsky Theatre = one
  of Russia’s top ballet companies
Russian Slavs
• Majority Culture =

• Minority Cultures =
• Russians enjoy all kinds of literature, including
  folktales called skazki
• Russian Orthodox Church = incredibly popular
  and thriving even though communism tried to
  eliminate it
• Russian Orthodoxy was responsible for a
  Slavic alphabet called Cyrillic
• ¾ of Russian people live in cities, mostly in
  large apartment blocks
• Russian workers are celebrated on May Day
 Vladimir I Chose
Eastern Orthodoxy
•   Russia has large deposits of coal, oil, and gas
•   Southwestern area can produce high yields of grains
•   Fishing industry is one of the largest in the world
•   Forests of Siberia provide plenty of timber
•   However, Russia’s economy is not strong due to
    years of communist control of farms and factories
    which denied people the experience of creating jobs,
    starting businesses, and making money
• Siberia has the largest supply of minerals
• Volga River carries almost ½ of Russia’s
  river traffic and provides water for irrigation
  and hydroelectric power
• During Ad 800, Slavs built a civilization
  around the city of Kiev = Kievan Rus
• Mongols swept in during the 1200’s and
  greatly reduced Kiev’s wealth and power
• Russian rulers slowly expanded their power
  and land size = called czars, had complete
  and total control over the government
• At the bottom of society were great masses
  of people called serfs = farm laborers who
  were attached to the land
• Serfs lived hard lives and few could read
  and write
• In late 1800’s, began to industrialize to rely
  more on manufacturing and less on farming
Czar Alexander II
Czar Nicholas II
                   Soviet Era
• In 1917, political leaders, soldiers, and factory
  workers forced Czar Nicholas II to give up the
• Vladimir Lenin led a second revolution and seized
  control, set up a communist government, which had
  strict control of the government and society
• In 1922 Russian Communist leaders formed the
  Union of Soviet Socialist Republics = U.S.S.R
• Joseph Stalin took power after Lenin died,
  government took tighter control of country and
  many people suffered
Vladimir Lenin
Joseph Stalin
Communist Sniper
                   Soviet Era
• After WWII, Stalin set up communist governments
  in many neighboring Eastern European countries
• From late 1940’s to late 1980’s US and USSR
  waged a Cold War, in which both nations competed
  for world influence without actually fighting each
• Soviet Union included Russians and people from
  many other ethnic groups
• In 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev took power and relaxed
  Soviet control
           Cold War Movies

Rocky IV               13 Days
Mikhail Gorbachev
     Soviet Union Dissolved
• In late 1991, each of the 15 republics
  made up of Soviet Union declared
  independence and the Soviet Union
Berlin Wall
       Change from Communism
• Changed from communism to free enterprise
• Under communism everyone had jobs, workers
  today can lose their jobs when business is poor
• Without government controls, prices have risen
  making it harder to buy necessities such as food,
• Major Environmental issues due to the old Soviet
  government making factories and nuclear plants that
  polluted the environment
• Diseases have resulted from air pollution
       Challenges of Change
• Russia is a democracy today
• Russian president has more power than US,
  can implement plans that are not passed by
• Facing challenges of learning how to be a
• Ethnic groups want to form their own
• Chechens of Chechnya want their own
  nation, have used terrorism to get attention,
  Russia has had to use force to keep them in
  the country
Finally, We are Finished

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