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									Drinking Water Security in Rural India
   Water Supply - Sector
                 Overview




 Department of Drinking Water & Sanitation
    Ministry of Rural Development
         Government of India             1
      National Rural Drinking Water Programme
                      (NRDWP)

• National Goal
  – To provide every rural person with safe
    water for drinking, cooking and other
    domestic basic needs on a sustainable
    basis. This basic requirement should
    meet certain minimum water quality
    standards and be readily and
    conveniently accessible at all times and
    in all situations
  Outlay – Rs. 9000 crore in 2010-11
  Target to cover all uncovered, quality
    affected and other habitations and
    households, schools with safe and
    adequate drinking water supply
                               COMPONENTS OF
                        NATIONAL RURAL DRINKING WATER
                             PROGRAMME (NRDWP)
•   COVERAGE for providing safe and adequate drinking
    water supply to unserved, partially served and slipped
    back habitations. – 45%
•   Provide potable drinking water to water QUALITY affected
    habitations. – 20%
•   SUSTAINABILITY to encourage States to achieve
    drinking water security at the local level – 20%
•   OPERATION & MAINTENANCE (O&M) for expenditure
    on running, repair and replacement costs of drinking water
    supply projects – 10% and
•   SUPPORT activities – 5%.
•   Allocation for DESERT DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME
    (DDP) areas to tackle the extreme conditions of low
    rainfall and poor water availability
•   Earmarked funds to Mitigate drinking water problems in
    rural areas in the wake of NATURAL CALAMITIES,
• NRDWP
• Funds released to States as per allocation
  criteria of rural population, rural SC&ST
  population, areas under DDP, DPAP, HADP
  and special category Hill States, population
  managing their own drinking water projects
• State level Scheme Sanctioning Committee
  has powers to plan, approve and take up
  drinking water projects
• Piped water supply schemes increasingly
  being taken up by States
                         NRDWP-COVERAGE
•   Habitations are classified under the following categories
    (with and without quality problems)
     –   0% population coverage
     –   0-25%
     –   25-50%
     –   50-75%
     –   75-100 %
     –   100% population coverage
•   Priority in taking up schemes in habitations.
•   Priority for coverage of Minority dominated habitations
    and LWE affected districts.
•   At least 35% of COVERAGE & QUALITY FUNDS shall
    be earmarked for providing safe drinking water in
    adequate quantity to SC/ST population.
•   65% of funds provided under NRDWP provided to States
    can be utilized for COVERAGE on 50:50 Centre to State
    funding pattern.
                            NRDWP-QUALITY
•   Habitations are classified under the following water quality
    problems
     –   Arsenic
     –   Fluoride
     –   Salinity
     –   Iron
     – Nitrate
•   Tackling bacteriological contamination is
    mandatorily included into all water supply projects
•   Dual water supply can be prioritized for supply of 10 lpcd of
    safe drinking water for cooking and drinking purposes and
    quality-affected water purposes can be used for washing (iron
    free water), bathing, ablution, etc.
                 NRDWP- SUSTAINABILITY

•   SUSTAINABILITY funds shall be utilized for improving the
    source and system sustainability by augmenting drinking water
    resources.
•   Ground water recharge through check dams, percolation
    tanks, etc., surface water impounding like ponds, Ooranies,
    etc., improvement of traditional water bodies, conversion of
    defunct bore wells into point source recharging systems can
    be taken up under this component.
•   Convergence with MNREGS can be achieved by planning
    funds required for excavation from MNREGS with material
    component from NRDWP-Sustainability funds.
•   Use of new and renewable energy sources can be promoted,
    wherever necessary
•   Conjunctive use of ground-water, surface water and rainwater
    harvesting could bring in drinking water security
•   Over-exploited, critical and semi-critical blocks identified by
    CGWB can be prioritized.
•    20% of funds provided under NRDWP provided to States for
    sustainability as 100% Central assistance.
        Strengths and Weaknesses
• Strengths                             • Weaknesses
• 86% of rural population have          • Nearly 5.70 lakh habitations
  access to safe drinking water           slipped back to partial coverage
• About 11.51 lakh rural habitations    • 1.44 lakh habitations having
  are fully covered with safe and         contaminated drinking water
  adequate drinking water               • 85% dependence on
• Satisfactory funding                    Groundwater - Severe depletion
• Incentive for Sustainability,         • Only about 35% habitations with
Decentralisation, Support                 piped water supply
• Involvement of Panchayats,            • Only 12% (2005) households with
  ownership of communities                tap connections
• Good institutional structure of       • Problem of weak O&M
  SWSM, RWS Dept., DWSM, GP,            • Inadequate attention to software
  VWSC                                    activities, sustainability
• Involvement of scientific inst. And   • Neglect of traditional sources
  civil society
       Understanding Best Practices
•   Long term sustainability - Gujarat
•   Roofwater harvesting – Mizoram
•   Tackling water quality – West Bengal - Arsenic
•   Revival of Traditional water bodies – Tamilnadu
•   Community managed groundwater systems- Andhra Pradesh
•   Water Quality Monitoring and Surveillance – Madhya Pradesh
•   Service delivery to STs – Orissa – Gram Vikas
•   Capacity building – Change Management - Tamilnadu
•   Sector wide reforms – Uttarakhand
•   Public-private partnership – Punjab,
•   Decentralisation – Kerala
•   Regulation – Maharashtra
•   Institutional Structures- Gujarat, Tamilnadu, Maharashtra
•   Metering and 24X7 water supply – Dakshina Kannada dt.,Karnataka
           Fostering Innovations
• 20% of NRDWP funds for Sustainability on 100% grant basis
• 5% for Support activities
• 10% for innovative projects for States devolving management
  to PRIs
• Key Resource Centres for capacity building, documentation
• Block Resource Centre for awareness generation and
  capacity building
• National Drinking Water and Sanitation Council
            Online IMIS

        • Using Web for on-line monitoring
   • GP level data on targets and achievements
•Feedback and Queries invited from all Stakeholders
     •Only database with habitation level data

http://www.ddws.gov.in




                                                      11
                                    NRDWP- SUPPORT
• NRDWP – SUPPORT funds (5% of NRDWP funds) shall
  be utilized for the following purposes :
   – Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance which inter alia include
        •   Establishment of new district and sub-divisional laboratories
        •   Upgradation of existing laboratories
        •   Procurement of field test kits / refills
   – Communication and Capacity Development ( shall cater for both
     NRDWP and TSC programmes)
        •   IEC (Awareness generation)
        •   HRD (training and capacity building) – TNA Workshops, Training Calendars
   – Community involvement & mobilization (formation of VWSCs, etc.)
   – Research & Development
   – State Technical Agency (STA) – required for ensuring sustainability
     component in every water supply project which is put up for
     approval of SLSSC
   – Monitoring & Evaluation
   – Administrative expenses
                  ICT Solutions
• Grievance Redressal – Punjab, Orissa, Jharkhand,
  Chattisgarh – toll free number
• HGM Maps with National Remote Sensing Centre
• E-procurement,
• GPS
Training and Communication Action Plans
• Training through 19 KRCs – Annual Action Plans
• Communication and Capacity Development Units set up in all
  States
• Training Needs Assessment Workshops held in States
• States have prepared Training Calendars
• Community involvement activities plan
• IEC Plans – IEC Guidelines issued
• State Workshops being held by GoI officers for sensitizing
  and motivating district level officials
• Staffing pattern for DWSM includes IEC and HRD consultants
• Block Resource Centres with 2-4 Social mobilisers/motivators
  to be set up in all blocks
    We believe users of water
are the best managers of water…

								
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