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					   Growing a Greener Business
in 2010 (aka - If You’re Not Green,
       You’ll be in the Red)
  Gannon University, Erie, PA - April 2010

                     Dennis A. Maloskey
                     CWoPA, GGGC: Director of Sustainable
                     Engineering and Development
                     PE, LEED-AP, CEM, GBE, FOF
Why Build Green ?

   The mission of the Governor's Green
    Government Council is to help state
    agencies lead the Commonwealth towards a
    goal of zero emissions to air, land, and water
    by having all employees routinely consider
    the environmental effects of their policies,
    practices, and daily actions at all levels of
    decision making.
Why Build Green ?
Emma Maersk
Wal-Mart Pacific (China) Transport
   Country of Origin: Denmark
   Length: 1,302 ft
   Width: 207 ft
   Net Cargo: 123,200 tons
   Engine: 14 cylinder in-line diesel
    (110,000 BHP)
   Cruise Speed: 31 knots
   Cargo Volume: 15,000 TEU
    (1 TEU = 20 cubic feet)
   Crew: 13 people
   Maiden Voyage:
    September 08, 2006
   Construction Cost:
    US $145,000,000+
Why Build Green ?

   FOF
    Father of Four
                              1%

   Pennsylvania emits approximately 1% of the World’s
    Greenhouse Gases
   PA is the 3rd largest US emitter of CO2
           TX: 670 MMT
           CA: 389 MMT
           PA: 271 MMT
   PA is 21st in Per Capita GHG Emissions
           US Average: 20 MTCO2e
           PA: 22 MTCO2e
           WY: 125 MTCO2e
                Primary Sources
            of GHG Emissions in PA

1.       Electricity Production = 38% of all GHG Emissions
     •      Residential / Commercial / Industrial Buildings (RCI) are the
            primary consumer of electricity (~90 %)
2.       RCI = 31% of all non-Electricity GHG Emissions
     •      Construction + On-site fuel use (coal, natural gas, oil and wood)

           Total Building Emissions (RCI):
               0.9 x 38% + 31% ≈ 65%
3.       Transportation (23%)
     •      Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) is the fastest growing source of
            CO2 emissions in PA
GREEN ???

   Start with LEED xx Platinum (really, seriously,
    truly - EVERYONE should be using this tool and
    the Charette process with assistance from a
    capable and experienced consultant to define
    needs / goals and to set the basic parameters of
    design - not asking “What do we do ??")

   Okay, more specifically some obvious "quick
    hits" include:
GREEN ????
   Climate responsive design (proper orientation, glazing, overhangs, buffers..)
   Waste minimization design strategies (dimensional design)
   Super insulation and very tight air-sealing (with air-locks, entry vestibules,
    debris run-off and capture)
   High performance (blend of low-U / high-R, high SC, high VLT) windows and
    glazing systems, use of translucent insulated wall panel systems (i.e. Nano-
    gel Kalwall), clerestories or "dogboxes“ with appropriate design & shading
   Daylighting & integrated lighting design (including light colored reflective
    interior surfaces and light shelves)
   LED, cold cathode, T-5 & advanced lighting systems with daylight harvesting
   Automated / occupancy / scheduled lighting controls
   High albedo (white) elastomeric roofing (perhaps w/ integrated thin film PV -
    could also resolve structural & weight capacity issues on existing buildings)
   Earth tubes, high low, side, and "chimney" natural draft and passive
    ventilation and cooling strategies
   ERV (Energy Recovery Ventilation) system(s) and CO2 monitoring / controls
GREEN ?????
   Gray water / rain water cisterns / capture & (re-)use
   Pervious paving, rain gardens, bio-retention, stormwater Best Management
    Practices and on-site treatment strategies
   Waterless urinals, ultra low-flow fixtures and water appliances
   Advanced BAS / EMS (Building Automation / Energy Management Systems)
   Circulating hydronic radiant floor heating w/ solar thermal & process heat
    recovery as primary heat sources
   Natural & sustainably harvested materials selection
   Commissioning
   Metering
   Buy a LEED Reference Guide (or several)
   STOP "green-washing" and gratuitous greening (PV should be LAST on the
    “to do” list - NOT FIRST !!!!!)
   USE LIFE CYCLE COST AND CRADLE-TO-CRADLE ANALYSIS for design
    and materials selection !!!!!!!!
   No more: Add a bike rack and showers and you're "Gold"-en !
Building GREEN in PA
       Building GREEN in PA

   High Performance Green Building Specifications
    (Design & Lease)
   Energy Services COntracting (GESA)
   EPP & Green Cleaning Manuals
   LEED EB Toolkit

   Pending Legislation & Programs
   AEPS: Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard
   Act 129: EDC EC & EE Programs
   Act 1: Energy Independence Strategy
   ARRA: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
DEP South Central Regional Office




                      •   LEED V1 Bronze
• Building Size: 73,000 SF         • Construction Cost: $ 89 / SF (1998)
• Pennsylvania’s 1st Green Building • Brownfield Site (Landfill) Recovery
Governor’s Residence LEED-EBOM
Gold (54+ / 85)

   EnergyStar: TBD
    (Goal to be Rated ~75)
   Guaranteed $ Saving: $51,000+
    (per year)
   670,000 kWh / yr
   ECMs: Building Envelope,
    Humidification, EMS,
    Lighting, GSHP,
    Kitchen Equipment
RCSOB LEED-EBOM Gold (56+ / 85)

   EnergyStar: From 46 to 85+
   Guaranteed $ Saving: $400,000+
    (per year)
   3,960,000 kWh / yr Electricity
   1,000,000 gal / yr H2O
   9,900,000 # Steam
    –   (Offset with +9,100 MCF)
   ECMs: Lighting, EMS, Gas
    Boilers, Chiller Upgrades,
    Window Film
Lessons Shared

   Model Green Office Leasing Specifications
   Pennsylvania Green Building Operations and
    Maintenance Manual
   Guidelines For Creating High-Performance Green
    Buildings
   Green Cleaning Maintenance and Supplies Guidebook
   Green For Le$$
   What is a Green Building ?
   PA Stormwater Best Management Practices Manual
   “Green” Videos
PA Legislative Initiatives

   HB 444: “Requiring the design, construction and
    renovation of buildings that receive a State
    appropriation to comply with specified energy and
    environmental building standards”
    –   aka “Green Strings”
    –   NOT a “Code”
   Green Building Codes
    –   ICC IgCC
    –   ANSI / ASHRAE / USGBC / IES Standard
        189.1
HB 444 - Intent
   High-Performance, State-Funded Buildings Standards Act
    1.  Promote effective energy and environmental standards
    2. Optimize building energy performance
    3. Increase the demand for EP materials, finishes and
        furnishings
    4. Improve environmental quality
    5. Create public awareness
    6. Improve working conditions & reduce building related health
        problems
    7. Reduce dependence on imported energy sources
    8. Protect and restore natural resources
    9. Reduce burden on municipal water supply and treatment
    10. Reduce waste generation
    11. Improve PA's capacity to design, build and operate high-
        performance buildings (create jobs)
HB 444 - Applicability

   Facilities Owned By A Commonwealth Agency
   State-funded (in whole or in part) Major
    Facility Projects
    –   New Construction: > 20 kSF
    –   Renovation: > $1,000,000 State Funds
    –   New Construction Lease: > 10 kSF & 90% CWoPA
   Must have conditioned space per ASHRAE
    Standard 90.1
Green Building Codes - IgCC

 ICC   IgCC
  – International Code Council International Green
    Construction Code aka: “Safe and Sustainable: By
    the Book”
  – Public Version 1.0, released March 16, 2010
  http://www.iccsafe.org/cs/IGCC/Pages/default.aspx#
Green Building Codes - IgCC
   Uses “model” code approach
   Establishes minimum & advanced levels of performance (green &
    high performance buildings)
   Works as an overlay to the ICC code family
   Written in mandatory language that provides a new regulatory
    framework
   Provides performance, prescriptive and pre-engineered solutions
   Accounts for local conditions (Flood Areas, Greenfield Sites, Light
    Pollution, Stormwater BMPs, etc.)
   Reflects AIA 2030 challenge (50% ↓ by 2010 / CO2n by 2030)
   Works in tandem with leading green rating systems
   Designed with local, state & federal law in mind
Green Building Codes – 189.1
   ANSI / ASHRAE / USGBC / IES Standard 189.1
   Written in Codified Language
   Jurisdictional Compliance Option of the IGCC

   Purpose: The purpose of this standard is to provide
    minimum requirements for the siting, design, construction,
    and plan for operation of high-performance green buildings
    to:
    a) balance environmental responsibility, resource
        efficiency, occupant comfort and well being, and
        community sensitivity, and
    b) support the goal of development that meets the
        needs of the present without compromising the
        ability of future generations to meet their own needs
              www.puc.state.pa.us
   AEPS - Electricity from alternative resources; 15-year
    schedule; Net-metering; RECs / SRECs; GATS
       Tier I: Solar thermal, Wind, Low-impact hydropower,
        Geothermal, Biologically derived methane gas / landfill gas,
        Fuel cells, Biomass energy, Coal mine methane, Black
        Liquor, Large-scale hydropower
            8% ≈ 15,800,000 MWh by 2021
       Solar PV: 0.5%
            0.5% ≈ 990,000 MWh by 2021
       Tier II: Waste coal, Distributed generation systems,
        Demand-side management, Large-scale hydropower,
        Municipal solid waste, Wood pulp / waste, Integrated
        combined coal gasification
            10% ≈ 19,800,000 MWh by 2021
            www.puc.state.pa.us

   Energy Efficiency - Act 129 Information
    –   Energy Efficiency and Conservation (EE&C) Programs;
    –   EDC and default service provider responsibilities;
    –   Conservation Service Providers;
    –   “Smart Meter” Technology;
    –   Time-Of-Use Rates (TOU);
    –   Real-Time Pricing Plans (RTP);
    –   Default Service Procurement (POLR);
    –   Market Misconduct;
    –   Alternative Energy Sources;
    –   Cost Recovery
            Incentive$


$   American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
         www.recovery.state.pa.us
$   PA Energy Independence
          www.depweb.state.pa.us
 www.dep.state.pa.us (Energy)
  http://www.depweb.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/
               grants_loans_tax_credits/10395




Breaking News:
 Funding Programs - List of energy and
  green technology funding programs offered
  by PA DEP and other Commonwealth
  agencies, sorted by eligible candidate.
Small Business (< 100) Programs

   Act 129 Energy Efficiency & Conservation Programs (EDC - Electric
    Distribution Company / Rate Payer Programs)
   Small Business Advantage Grant
   Small Business Energy Efficiency Grant
   Small Business Pollution Prevention Assistance Account (PPAA) Loan
    Program
   High Performance Building Program
   Business Energy Investment Federal Tax Credit
   Pennsylvania Energy Development Authority (PEDA)
   PA Green Energy Works !
   Alternative Fuels Incentive Grant (AFIG)
   Environmental Education Grants
   Alternative and Clean Energy Program (ACE)
   Renewable Energy Program (Geothermal & Wind)
   Solar Energy Program
   PA Sunshine Program (Solar)
Large Business (> 100) Programs

   Act 129 Energy Efficiency & Conservation Programs (EDC -
    Electric Distribution Company / Rate Payer Programs)
   Business Energy Investment Federal Tax Credit
   Pennsylvania Energy Development Authority (PEDA)
   PA Green Energy Works!
   Alternative and Clean Energy Program
   Alternative Energy Production Tax Credit
   Environmental Education Grants
   Renewable Energy Program (Geothermal & Wind)
   Alternative Fuels Incentive Grant (AFIG)
   Solar Energy Program
Comments and
Questions ????

      Dennis Maloskey, PE
          CWoPA GGGC
     www.gggc.state.pa.us
          dmaloskey@state.pa.us
What about my home / house ??

   ENERGY STAR (energystar.gov)
    –   Home Energy Yardstick / Adviser
   Home Energy Saver (hes.lbl.gov)
   Affordable Comfort (affordablecomfort.org)
   PassivHaus (passivehouse.us)
   REGREEN (regreenprogram.org)
   PA Home Energy (pahomeenergy.org)
   Keystone HELP (keystonehelp.com)
Residential Low Income Programs (12)

   Low-Income Usage Reduction Program (LIURP) (Utility
    Weatherization Assistance)
   Low-Income Heating Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)
   Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP)
   Act 129 Energy Efficiency & Conservation Programs (EDC /
    Rate Payer programs)
   Energy Efficient Appliance Rebate Program
   Keystone HELP Loan
   Residential Energy Efficiency Tax Credit
   High Performance Building Program
   Hybrid Electric Vehicles Rebate Program
   Residential Renewable Energy Tax Credit
   Energy Loan (solar financing and PHFA R&R)
   PA Sunshine Program (solar)
Residential (Up to $150k) Programs (9)

   Act 129 Energy Efficiency & Conservation Programs (EDC /
    Rate Payer programs)
   Energy Efficient Appliance Rebate Program
   Keystone HELP Loan
   Residential Energy Efficiency Tax Credit
   High Performance Building Program
   Hybrid Electric Vehicles Rebate Program
   Residential Renewable Energy Tax Credit
   Energy Loan (solar financing and PHFA R&R)
   PA Sunshine Program (solar)
Residential (Over $150k) Programs (8)

   Act 129 Energy Efficiency & Conservation Programs (EDC /
    Rate Payer programs)
   Energy Efficient Appliance Rebate Program
   Residential Energy Efficiency Tax Credit
   High Performance Building Program
   Hybrid Electric Vehicles Rebate Program
   Residential Renewable Energy Tax Credit
   Energy Loan (solar financing and PHFA R&R)
   PA Sunshine Program (solar)

				
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