Geographic location Lying in Chi by fjzhangxiaoquan


									Geographic location

Lying in China's western inland area, on the upper reaches of the Yellow River, Gansu Province borders
Shaanxi Province in the east, the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in the northeast, Qinghai Province
and the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in the west, and the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
and the People's Republic of Mongolia in the north.
                                                        General Economy
Gross domestic product (GDP)           GDP for 2005 was 192.814 billion yuan, up 11.7% from the previous year.The annual pe
                                       capita GDP reached 7,341 yuan.
GDP ratio (primary, secondary and The primary industry yielded a value added of 30 billion yuan, up 5.8% from the previous
tertiary industries)                   year; the secondary industry, 83.655 billion yuan, up 12.9%; the tertiary industry, 79.159
                                       billion yuan, up 12.8%. The GDP ratio of the three sectors is 15.6: 43.4: 41.0.
Revenue and expenditure                Provincial revenue was 25.456 billion yuan, an increase of 18.12% over the previous yea
Consumer price index (CPI)             CPI was 1.7% up from the previous year.
Investment in fixed assets             Fixed asset investment was valued at 87.453 billion yuan, up by 15.68% from the previo
                                                        Major Industries
Agriculture                            The output of grains totaled 8.369 million tons, an increase of 3.86% from 2004.
Industry                               The industrial added value totaled 68.58 billion yuan, an increase of 15.3%.
Construction                           Its added value was 15.075 billion yuan.
Transportation                         Freight carried by various means of transport for the year totaled 85.51 billion
                                       ton-kilometers, up by 14.57% from the previous year. Passengers carried by various me
                                       of transport numbered 28.831 billion person-kilometers, an increase of 7.43%.
Postal services                        The annual turnover of postal operations totaled 717 million yuan, 8.64% up from the
                                       previous year.
Telecommunications services            The annual turnover of telecommunications services totaled 13.06 billion yuan, up by
                                       28.86%. At the year-end, the number of fixed line subscribers reached 5.48 million, an
                                       increase of 14.83%, and the number of mobile phone subscribers reached 4.08 million,
                                       increase of 504,300.
Retail                                 The annual turnover from retail sales reached 63.28 billion yuan, an increase of 12.87%
                                       from the previous year.
Tourism                                Revenue from domestic tourism totaled 5.768 billion yuan, up by 11.74% from the 2004
                                       figure. Foreign exchange earnings from tourism totaled US$59 million, up by 34.2%.
                                               Continued Effects of Market Reform
Imports & exports                      The annual value of imports and exports totaled US$2.633 billion, an increase of 49.36%
                                       from the previous year. Of the figure US$1.091 billion were from exports and US$1.542
                                       billion were from imports. These two figures are respectively 9.50% and 101% up from
Economic and technological             Overseas project and labor contracts signed during the year were valued at US$96 millio
cooperation                            up 141% from the previous year. Business turnover for the year totaled US$58 million, u
                                by 46.52% from the previous year.
Foreign investment              The foreign direct investment which was materialized during the year stood at US$20
                                million, down by 42.26% from 2004.
                                               Social Undertakings
Science and technology          A state-level engineering research center was set up during the year. A total of 1,877
                                technological contracts were signed, they were valued at 1.72 billion yuan. The two figur
                                were respectively 14.03% and 43.81% up from 2004.
Education                       The number of students enrolled in institutes of higher learning, and postgraduate schoo
                                during the year stood at 71,600 and 6,100 respectively.
Culture                         By the end of 2005, the province had a total of 76 arts performance organizations, 100
                                cultural and arts centers, 92 public libraries, 69 museums, 5 radio stations and 12 televis
                                stations. The number of Cable TV program subscribers reached 1.73 million, up by 5.81
                                from 2004.
Public health                   At the end of the year, there were 11,855 public health institutions, including 103 epidem
                                prevention and treatment centers (or stations), staffed with a work force of 82,680 peopl
                                and equipped with 59,935 beds.
Sports                          The athletes from the province won 39 prizes.
Welfare and aid                 Welfare units across the province are equipped with 7,991 beds and put up 4,716 homel
                                and vagrant people during the year. 1,670 urban community service facilities were set up
                                Public donations totaled 8.04 million yuan.
                          Population, Employment, Social Security and Living Standards
Population                      The year 2005 saw a birth rate of 12.59‰, and a death rate of 6.57‰ in the province. Th
                                natural growth rate of the population stood at 6.02‰. At the end of the year, the total
                                population with permanent residence stood at 25.944 million.
Employment                      A total of 13,100 laid-off workers from state-owned enterprises got re-employed during t
                                year. By the end of the year, 13.914 million of the province's population with permanent
                                residence were employed.
Registered unemployment rate    The registered urban unemployment rate was 3.26%, down by 0.14 percentage points fr
                                the previous year.
Social security                 In 2005, insurance plans for unemployment and medical treatment covered a population
                                1.60 million and 1.766 million respectively. About 680,400 residents received minimum
                                living allowances from the government, an increase of 11.54% from 2004.
Residents' income               The disposable income of urban residents was 8,087 yuan per capita, up by 9.63% from
                                2004. Rural residents' per capita net income was 1,980 yuan, up 6.9%.
                                       Geography and Natural Conditions
Elevation extremes              1,000-3,000 meters.
Natural resources               Land
                                Gansu features a land area of 455,000 sq km, including 4.54 million ha of cultivated land
                                the end of 2004. In 2004, some 4,500 ha of wasteland were reclaimed, and about 153,8
                                hectares of farmland were converted for forestry and pasture.

                                  Nearly 3,000 deposits of 145 kinds of minerals have been found and the reserves of 94
                                  kinds of minerals have been ascertained, including nickel, cobalt, platinum family elemen
                                  selenium, casting clay, finishing serpentine, and five other minerals whose reserves are
                                  largest in the country. Gansu has special advantages in tapping 15 kinds of minerals suc
                                  as nickel, zinc, cobalt, platinum, iridium, copper, stibium, barite, and baudisserite.

                                  The water resources in Gansu are mainly distributed in nine river systems in the Yellow,
                                  Yangtze, and inland river drainage basins with an annual discharge of 61.4 billion cubic
                                  meters and a combined hydropower potential of 17.24 million kw. Gansu places ninth
                                  among China's provinces and autonomous regions in terms of hydropower potential. To
                                  date, 29 hydropower stations have been constructed in the province with an installed
                                  generating capacity of 30 million kw and an annual output of 23.565 billion kwh. The
                                  Liujiaxia, Yanguoxia, and Bapanxia hydropower stations on the upper reaches of the Yel
                                  River and the Bikou Hydropower Station on the Bailong River have a total installed capa
                                  of 2.125 million kw. The proved reserves of coal are 8.92 billion tons, and those of
                                  petroleum, between 600 and 700 million tons. There is also a considerable potential for
                                  development of wind and solar energies.

                                  Animals and plants
                                  There are 659 species of wild animals, including the giant panda, snub-nosed monkey,
                                  antelope, snow leopard, deer, fawn, musk deer, bactrian (two-humped) camel, and 24 ot
                                  first-class rare animals under state protection, and 441 species of birds in Gansu Provin
                                  There are over 4,000 species of wild plants including 951 species of medical value. Amo
                                  the plants of medical value, 450 species, such as angelica root, rhubarb, hairy asiabell r
                                  licorice root, fritillary bulb, mariajuana, the bark of eucommia, glossy ganoderma, and
                                  Chinese caterpillar fungus, have been developed. Gansu holds second place among
                                  China's provinces and autonomous regions in the variety of medicinal herbs.

                                  By the end of 2005, the province had established 54 nature reserves.

                            Projects Wanting Foreign Investment

Water conservation, electrical power, energy, and transportation:
 Qilinsi Hydropower Station on the Bailong River
 Development of the Tuomatan Coal Field in Mazong Mountain
 Gas recovery from coke ovens in the Tianshui Coking Plant
 Jiudianxia Pivotal Water Conservation Work on the Taohe River
 Liujiaxia Hydropower Station on the Yellow River in Lanzhou
 Reconstruction and expansion of the Dunhuang Airport.
Non-ferrous metals, petrochemicals, and building materials:

   A production line with a capacity of 5,000 tons of electrolytic copper
   Dunhuang Vanadine Mining and Dressing Plant
   Luoba Lead-Zinc Mine in southern Gansu
   Aksay County Processing Factory of Asbestos Products.

Machinery, electronics, textiles, and light industry

 The expansion of the production capacity of speed-regulation electrical machinery
 Automobile transmission shaft assembly line and spare-parts production line for imported and
home-made cars
 The project with a designed annual capacity of producing 100,000 5HP-type slide compressors
 Development of fire quenching equipment, commercial concrete, crane trucks, and
waste-water treatment equipment.

Medicine, food, and agricultural by-products:

 The second-phase of the project in Jinchang with an annual capacity of producing 2,000 tons
of glycerine
 Tapping of the natural mineral water with a high content of strontium in Jiuquan
 Artificial cultivation of Chinese caterpillar fungus
 The development of fit-keeping and nourishing drinks
 Construction of urban and tourism facilities including the Liangzhou Tower, the Lanzhou
Children’s Hospital, and the Gansu Commodity Trading Tower.

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