Journal by xiuliliaofz

VIEWS: 141 PAGES: 46

									                    ~bt3Jnbian ~cbool Journal
                    Printed by- Students of the Indian School at Chilocco, Oklahoma
                    cAn lllustrated Monthly cJI1agazine About Native cAmericans
                                                             ~~~~
VOLUME SIXTEEN                              APRIL, 1916                                NUMBER EIGHT




      Ii\TRODCCING ENGLISH INTO
           THE L 'DIA?\, HO;\IES
                                   By   MRS.    L. A.    RICHARDS

                     Chairman, Teach-                    In view of these presumptions my
                   ers:                                hearers will understand why I shall
                     It gi,es me great                 not say much of my school work.
                   pleasure to be with                   Our Chairman has prefaced my talk
                   you this morning.                   by telling you of some conditions he
                     I think of the work               found at Pueblo Zia when he visited
                   that each of you has                there shortly after I left there. I
                   done since Septem-                  take this opportunity to thank him for
                   ber 1st. From ex-                   he opened the avenue for me by this.
                   perience I know of                    When he said to you he wished me
the many times you have had to call                    to tell of the method I used to secure
on your stock of patience to tide you                  these ready responses that he got in
over a seemingly insurmountable in-                    every home at Zia; I thought: I can
cident.                                                not tell for I had no method. I am
   But by patience, and devotion to                    exceedingly gratified the Zia people
your work you conquered.                               have not forgotten their instruction
   Mr. Chairman: I shall presume in                    along that line.
~y talk this morning, that in assign-                    Previous to going into Day school
I~g me this subject, you took a broader                work, I had been several years in the
view of the word English than the                      _ Boarding Schools. !thought I knew
mere learning a few English words.                     -something of the needs of the Indian.
I have presumed, as you will learn                       When I went into the Pueblo !found
from my talk, that you had in mind                     I knew nothing about them. For a
English ways of managing a home of                     month I was like a ship at sea, with-
ordering their lives in the home ' of                  out chart or compass. I saw a great
seeking to add to their acquired k~ow­                 work to be done, but where to begin,
ledge:                                                 or how? I could see no solution to these
    • An addreu giVeD before the Indian SeeiM>D of the New )(e.1;eo Educational AIMIC'iatioo at a reemt
                                         convention of thal bod,..
400        THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT INDI ANS

questions. I thought I would resign, phe. It had many pages given up to
for on account of conditions I could pictures of fire and the ruins of that
not do creditable work in the school great city.
room.                                            That evening before dismissing my
     One evening I took myself into a school I told the children to tell their
severe self-examination. I asked my- parents to come to my house that
 self : Do you realize what a great work night I had something to tell them-
 it is to educate a human being?               nearl; all came. I told them and read
     Now here isa people who has learned to them of the sad thing whIch had
 from only the one chapter of that come to the city. I showed them the
  great volume.                                 pictures. They took the papers and
      The chapter of Nature has been their gathered in groups and looked at the
  teacher. Their heritage from the ages pictures· when they came t 0 0 ne thel"          .
  is a heritage from the study of the did not ~nderstand they would ask me
  same chapter. It is time they begin to read about it to them. The next
   the chapter on Science and learn some night others came and asked. to see
   of the Beauties of Science. Begin the pictures and hear the readlllg·
   with the science of good homemaking;            A few weeks after that, the Annua~
    the science of li ving clean lives; the Feast in a neighboring Pueblo too!
    science of good citizenship; the sci- place. A great many of the people~!
    ence of good government.                     Zia went. When they returned ~ne
        Their brains are of good matter as the most backward men . the V  III
                                                                                     Illage
     mine, they only differ from mine in came to my house at once, I d.         h·s face
     convolutions on account of the differ- beaming, and told me, "Th ose In lans          til
     ence in their heritage.                      had not heard of the earthquake un
         I said, I will go among them to lead we told them."                            f t
     them through this dark alley from              He drew my attention to the ac
     their way to my way. I will not drive that they had a teacher and that theY
      them. I will arouse in them a desire to were much nearer the ral·1 d thanroa
      know, to add to their own knowledge. we are at Zia. He sal, ' ·Now we·d 1             US
          }.lever trying once to break down or want you to read that paper tO 1
      destroy, but to inculcate new and dif- every night." Of course a good dea
                                                                                    . when
      ferent ideas.                                of explanation was necessan d·lt
                                                                                        n
          It shall be my ailll to be among them that request was made. I fou d
                                                                          . tho.e rea ·
       as often as Possible-never once hav- necessary to systematIze               "
                                                                                     ndone
                                                                                               d
       ing any race prejudice. When I ings, but they were never aba .
                                                                            . th VIllage.
       brought mYself to this understanding in the nine years I was III e k for
       and, realizing that I was not there to The Indian men learned t~ l~ hal".
       carry out anybody'S theory but there the market reports, especIal!) one . f
                                                                                 .             0
        to meet condition~ that I found there, grain and stock. One mornlllg hoUse.
                                                                        .            .
                                                                                              _
        I began to take real pleasure in my the men came runnmg to ~) ",Irs.
         work.                                      seemingly in a hurry. He saId,. ' ?"
                                                                                           es
            Soon after takint-r charge at the Zia Richards, what is the price of hld ·tO
         the great San Frt\llcisco earthquake I smiled for I had no knowledge as 0-
         occurred. I W laking the "Omaha the quotations on hides-had not ~ell
                          as
         Daily Herald. " which gave a very ticed them for years. I began t~, be
         graphic aCCOU nt of the great catastro- him of some local dealer- " No,
         THE It-..DIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL ABOUT INDIANS                             401

said, "Where is your paper? I want             Many letters were exchanged be-
to know the price in Kansas Ci ty . "       tween those boys. Many boyish sub-
    I found out soon after, that a local    jects came up in their letters. He
buyer was in the village at that time.      sent the pattern for the kit~ and very
The price he offered did not suit them      plain instructions as to relative weight
    they figured on what he offered and     of the material for different parts.
freight rates, and a good profit and        But we never got one to fly. But
then refused his offer. When we were        finally a visit from the boy in Iowa was
done with the papers we gave them           planned, when a kite was to be made.
out to the returned students and to         When that visit was in prospect there
                                            were great preparations at that home
others who could read some.
                                            for the entertainment of their boy's
    The Sunday edition of the paper be-     guest. The father thanked me again
 fore mentioned. has one page called        and again for allowing his boy to write
 the. "Childrens' Page." It is taken up     letters to Iowa.
entirely with childrens' letters to the
                                                The boy did not come but he wrote
editor. The subject matter of those
                                            a long letter about kites; said he and
letters is just such as will interest
                                            his brother each had a kite. His was
 young children in school. That edi-        red, white and blue; his brother's was
 bon came to Zia Wednesday after-           orange and white and that he called it
 noon .. Thursday afternoon, in school,      "The Golden Eagle." He asked him
 was given over to reading'those letters.   to let him know how he succeeded and
    As many as could read would read        what colors he selected and what he
 one 01' two of those letters. Some-        named his kite.
 times a child would ask to cut out the         He said the kite was patented so he
 letter he 01' she had read and to take      could not make one, only for his own
 it home to read. One week a letter          use. That led to telling old and young
 came .in the' 'Childrens' Page" from a      in regard to patents, and patent laws.
 boy. In Dennison, Iowa, describing
                                                ~1y people and I were just neighbors.
 a.klte he had made andspeakingl'ery
                                             They borrowed of me just as white
 highly of its flying ability and of its
                                             neighbors would have done-they
 fine appearance while in the air. The
                                             understood they must pay what they
 :y gave his age as 13 years. The In-        borrowed - not once in all the years
   Ian boy who read the letter was about
                                             did they fail to pay. I often borrowed
 the same age.                               from them, sometime from necessity,
     He asked me if he might write to        sometimes to sholl' a neighborly spirit.
 t~e boy and ask for a pattern of the
                                                The men of the Pueblos are away
 kite. I was delighted with the idea.        from home often. they see things and
  He wrote to the bov told him he had        hear things other than the happenings
 read his letter in th'e Omaha World-        of their o\\'n village. The women are
  Herald: that he was an Indian boy 13       great home-bodies. They are \'ery
  years of age, he was in school, third      much afraid of making a mistake in
  grade. He asked him if he would send
  h' Instructions as to how to make
   1m .                                       speech.
                                                One day one of my women was at
  the kite.
                                              my house. I was very busy writing
     Very quickly came the answer, ad-        something necessary to go out on the
  dressed to the boy, which made him          mail in about an hour, I excused my-
  very proud.
402      THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT INDIANS

self to her and motioned her to sit near which the older Indians guarded with
my desk where I was writing.              care. This enahled me to work un·
    A catalog from a large Mail Order ostentatiously against those things.
House lay on the end of the desk near        In time of sickness is a time teem·
her. She took it to look at. I saw        ing with opportunities for introducing
she was much interested in it. I English in the home, both words.
finished my work-then I sat down phrases and activities. Such expres·
by her. She asked me the names of sions as "keep her quiet," "give her
various household articles. I told her plen ty offresh air," "bathe hed ace,"
and showed her how to find the price. "give every hour." They soon leam
 I a ked her if she would like to have to use them as well as to do.
 a book like that.                           When being around the sick nenr
     She said she would. I sent her once did I allow myself to say "you
 name with a number of others to the must." I preferred to say "do you
 House requesting a catalog for each. not think it would be well to do so and
 The day they came it took extra help so?"
 to get the mail across the river. I am       But once, did I find any opposition
 sure the local merchants lost nothing to my suggestions for the sick. ThaI
  by the service of the catalogs to the was from a medicine man, who after-
  Indians. They learned the names of ward told me I was right.
  the household conveniences and what         Ever afterward he was a staunch
  the price should be.                     friend and a great believer in our
      I am willing to say, that the many white Doctor, no other could do for
  little conveniences that are in the Zia him.
  homes today came through the influ-         First and most important is to gel
  ence of those catalogs.                                                         '1
                                           their confidence. You can not do I
      They learn to spell, to compute, to by any spurious article of friendship.
   write by reason of having them. Do your work unassumingly. Ma~e
   After a very little showing a return them feel that what you are domg IS  •
   student could make out an order. A an act of friendship not a desire 10
   man brought a catalog to me from an- change them to our ways. Do nol
   other House. he showed me the same teach them in their homes as if theY
   article in both books hut very differ- were children.
   ent prices. I told him that quality        Respect them as people of mature
     hould regulate the price and if he
                                            minds-a thinking, reasoning peoP~i
   had the two articles together he would
                                            Be ever the same to them under.
   understand. He said, "Maybe one .                                      h . bVeS
                                            CIrcumstances. Enter into tell' rk
   wants to make more money than the
   other."                                  so far as is consistent with the \\,0
                                            we must do for them and with theJll.
       ~any times while we were looking Build on that which we fin d is g~,
   over the prices of the pretty laces and and there is much of it. Presiste n. y,
    ribbons the girl or the woman has but kindly, combat the bad. GIve
    told me of her life-perhaps a return- them bits of current news dailY, or as
    ed school girl would tell me what a often as possible. Give the wo~ep
    disappointment her life was to her, special attention, trying all the tlIPt
    cau-ed hy customs and superstitions
                                            to enlarge their mental horizon.
          THE ADAPTATION OF THE E'V
            COURSE OF STUDY TO THE
               S~ I r\ LLER SCHOOLS
                                     By   FRED   M.   LOBDELL



     C         OOPERATION, uniformity. co-                (d)     hedules must be arranged to ac-
                 ordination and reorgani~ation cord with the speciul ubilities of ('ach of
                 are the principal factors to be the several employees of each indiridual
                 considered in the adaptation of school.
                 the New Course of Study for the         The following schedules hale been
                schools of Ihe Indian Service. prepared to meet these conditions that in
                It is unquestionablv ideal for a great measure do not exist in the
                the non-reserration ~chool with larger schools, but for which due provis-
                practically no modification.          ions have been mude for the .maller
                   Considerable tllOt will be re- chools.
             . quired of tbose in charge of this         One will oLsen'e that the time element
      work In the smaller schools of the Serrice, has been arranged to conform with the
      to ~ake it upplicable to the many and general practice in mgue; monthl)' change
      va~led conditions existing. A few of of industrial details.
     wilich are enumerated and must be giren            The average school with a capacity of
     due consideration in the adaptation of one hundred or more pupil. has approxi-
     Ihi New Course of Study to get the best mately from twelre to filleen prerocational
    re-ults.                                         pupils of each sex. In man)' of the
         (a) The lack of regular attendance schools of this cia the Illerage age of Ihe
    and the great number of small children pupils will not exceed ten years.
    found in the reservation . hools. require           By way of explanation of the follow-
    more work on the part of the emplo,,'ees ing schedule for girls' premeational work.
   and In return contribute but a small A 1-4 repre:sents four I(irls of the third
   amount in the general maintenance of the rear prerocational. The nnmber four
   school.                                          has been used as a number of con lenience.
        (b) . The male industrial positions         The number cannot be decreased to carr.'
   authOrIZed usuall\, consi t of two or three out the schedule hut may be proportion-
  classified position:,; nameh·. farmer and atelv increased. The 'ame applies to "i-
  general. mechanic. or similar posilions. risiDns, B, C and 0, B 1-4 repn"enb the
  ~he. ~lIIor industrial positions such as econd year prelocationsl. C 1,4 represents
  (hsclphnarian, engineer, gardener, aist- the fi",i Icar prel·ocational. 0 1-il repre-
  ant farmer, etc .. are carried on the pa),-roll sents th; primary pupi". ol·er t~n yeaI'> of
 'I> laborers at ~25 per month. and wilh           age that are assigned on mdu~lrlal elebuk
 few exceptions are capable of rendering           and this abo includes the Irre~'lllar at-
 ~60 per month. service as rocational in- tendants. The "0" diri,ion is held ol'er
   ~uctors, while most of the non,cesena- as a reserle. The numbe", at the top of
 ~,on schools, ~s a rule, hare a speciali.t each column repre. ent tht' ten month, of
  or each rocatlon.                               ,chool se;sion. from ptember to June.
     (c) Indiridual teachers that hare            "otice will be taken th"t the matron-. or
from three to four grade:s to teach. cannot assistant matron "ill hale elirect .uper-
encompass the scope that the teacher of "ision o\'er tl,. classes in hou.-ekeeping
the non-reservation school will do witb and nursing. in "hich each I(irl will re-
but one or two grades assigned to each.           cei"e one month', instruction for each of
         404             THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL- ABOUT INDIANS
         the three preloclltional year". The same
        amount of time is assigned to the classes                           the close of the third year the r"luired
        in laundering and poultry rais;n" under                             alllount of instruction ~igned, includin~
                                                                            seasonal work.
        the direct superrision of the la~ndress.
        Eight weeks work in selVin" is assigned                                 In regard to the boys prevocation31
        to each girl for each pre\'~t:onal rear                             instruction, a similar scheme may be dt·
        under the direct supervision of the s~am.                           vised, The schedule that follow, is th
       stre'S. From twelve to sixt",n weeks                                 seasonable work arranged in accordant.
        wOl'k cach pre'ocational yeal' in cookin"                           with the time element. Each subject "
       under tire direct supervision of the school                          followed by the position of the employee
       cook, or baker. All of this "ork to be                               who is to act as instructor,
       lIndel' the general supel'l'ision of the ma-                         Sept.      Plant Production    Farmer
       tron. The abm'e female indu,trial posi.                              Oct,   Paint ing and ~I:t~onry Gen 'I ~Jech:tDir
       lIons are usually found 111 nearlr all res.                          X O\'. Carpentry               Gen'I.\lerhIlIllC
       cnation schook                     •                                 Dec,   Dairying                Farmer
                                                                            Jan .  Farm Engineeriog and
        , The first numbers to the left of the sub-                                  Black::;mithing-      Ge nl )/ecban
       Ject to be taught,. 01' preceding, represent                         Feb,   Stock Raisi ng          Farmer
        the slllaliest relallle number of girls as.                         )hrch Farm Implements,
        sIgned to each class. and may be increas.                                    Road .. , La,,"       Fa rmer
        ~I proportionately as pupi ls ~re ;\vailable.          Shoe aod Harne:;"
                                                                  Repairing           Gen'l ) I f('h ~tnlt'
        I he number; follolVing the subjects to be
        taul(ht repr~scnt the a pproximate number Jlar Plltnt Production
                                                       Apri l Plant Production        Fa rmer

       ~f weeks ~sslgned to each subject. The June Plant Production
                                                                                      Fa rmer
                                                                                      Farmer               1
         OI'crA ' of divisio lls A B . I C
                ow                                   I
       th .                          , aDr , an(                                 'fi ed t(l meet lora
                                                         This plan ~hould be 010dI               .     "
          e Irregulars and pri m·\' th t           t'
               ' "
       t ntc (Il\'lslon D      ' b ,nes a ,cons I. conditions, school environ men t , ki ll d ~ of t'qu po
                                      '
                                                                            .
         '.     "
       (h,cretron of the . may e assIgned WIth the ment ~nd qualification.; of employees.
                                  t
       nef'de(!.               rna ron where most         It mav be added that the 'ential ralr•
                                                       tOl" that will produce tIe btresu'
                                                                .                  I      es             t


          II'lthekecpinp:                 1~3~';6;'910
          Xur ... ing                II       Il.U.H BI B~ B:l IH CI Cl              )latr"n                         1st. ~· r. Prc f
          r.'lund~~rin!!'          I Al       11 A~ .\1 Bl B3 BI BI C~ c.q           \I "t"",                       CI I.
 I.       P{'ulttY.r;l!~i n :r       A:l      \ 1.\ I A! B3 B~ BI III C:I C~         r.aundee<,
 i'.      Sewing'                    h       .11 ,\~ A3 B~ III Bl B:l C~ CI          Lund,.,.,                      -?nd. yr- prtf .
                                  ,     III III 113 B3 CI CI C3 Col AI II Seam<tre"                                 B I '~'
 .J.     Cof)kin~                       III III BI B1 Cl C? C~CIH.H
                        to       II     CI Cl Cl CI AIA I M.\! III III Baker, "Cook
                                        C
                                 It;
                                            l C2 Cz O\l M.IJAl Bi Ili C"ok
                                                                                                                   3rd. yr. Pn'l.       ,
                                                                                                                   \1-1.
                                        C:I Ca C3 C3 .\ 3 .\3 .\3 .\3 Il3 Il:I
         Itc'.rve                       (' I C I C4 Ci M .\ 1.\ 1.\ I Il~ BI                                          -l Prirn ~Hi
                                                                                                Irre~ular~ ann
            Spe 'i,1 lI'ork l           I I:1 H:l III BI C3 C3 CI CI .\3 .\3
                                        B
                                                                                                  \ ...... t. )Iatr 11 r •  'Iatn n
 "•      I rr~j.{Hlar and P'           . -I III B·' Il·) C~ Ci C·) C'.) _"1. .... "\
                                                    .... -       _ _ " 'I
                                 nnMrll'"                                                               J) I· .


          =====-~-~==========~==~~==~=
    It i, Ohliou, that tl
             'k'
 ion"'\" • {:()(J In" of d1\" sew ing of diri.
                                h' •
        •
                                                                          must he the he;utr cool'''l'1Il1011 II f-lll eUI'
                                                                                                          .
keepilJ", lJu",i.",
   .."
                                 I,
                                I '~Ion " B" , house.
                    ~ •• Illll( 'TI        I     It                                            •
                                                                                                                     ·
                                                                                                                 ,. ~ of
                                                                          plorees. rc"ular attendaneL' ell COUrtlI1t't1
                                                                                                                          .J

rtl.hln~ of dh-j,io n "C" Ilg ane pou ry.                                 bY •SUllerllltendent" clo,e super n . iOIllit\.
                                                                                   . b               .            ..
the cl",,, of one Ie           '.'I"ot COlllpleted "t
cOlllplet&1 at ti,; ~r 1\ I I be assiglJed and                            IIbtructo", bprnlclpa. puucl ua di.
                                                                          '               I'     ' . I                  . -
                                                                          promptness anll - • accurate repor Is br III
                                                                                                                    .
                      . )egll"'illg
Ye... Il,l' 1'011 ()Wlllg up II . of the next
•.
gIrl of each (Iilisio ll wi li II , scheme. each                          vidual instructors.                          I "f
                                   have receiled at
                                                                                           .                 . "1';" cled
                                                                             Thc academIC work of tIIe "' x" d '"
                                                                          the smaller school, is usuaJlr COli U
                        THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT INDIANS                                                            405
by not to exceed three academic teachers                              and fifth grades with slight modifica-
and usually two. With three teachers in                               tion in order to include the gardening
mind, the kindergartner has her room                                  work. supervised hy the cla room
fill~l to utmost capacity with . first grade                          teachers, during the months of March,
puptls, the beginners. the primary teacher                            April, May and June. The afternoon
has the second and third, or primary                                  period of each session from :3: 15-4: 00 i"
grades and the priucipal teacher has the                              devoted to individual pupils' gardens and
fourth, fifth and sixth. or the prerocation-                          the work assigned to this period in the
al grades, which requires the combination                             ahove schedule taught during evening
of two grades in one section. The pro-                                hour.
gram below for fourth and fifth grade                                    These plans are still in the experi-
work is adapted from the 4th B grade                                  mental stage hut appeal to me to be logi-
schedule recently in rogue at Carlisle, ar-                           cal as well as phychological, and trust
ranged for alternate study and recitation                             some benefit may be derired from their
periods, and will be applicahle for any of                            appli,,!,tion, and hope thru exchanging
the smaller schools.                                                  ideas with other n'ice worker:, to im-
   We are using this program for fourth                               prore the plan.

                                                FOt' RTH ASD     FnTH     GnAOE:;.


                                                                                           linatn        Stud, ami RtcibtioD
         A••.              P.•.                           Sl1bttcts                  iI.   m.-p.lII.           Prriods.


     S:3t)'H:5j                                                                                        Combine grade....
                                      :\Iondav-:\Iusic
                                      Tuesda\'-Current Elent;;:;
                                      Wedn~dar-A~~embl\·
                                      Thursdar"': :\la nneN. etc.
                                      Friday"": Ch'jC'!'i
     ~   :')')·9: 1.)    I :40-~:00   CoO\'ersational and
                                                                                      '/0       ~o     Combined t·l:l~",e'l.
                                       other o ral exercbes
                                                                                      ~J        ~()    Alternate ret'itation
     9:13-9:3.>          ~:UO-~:~)    Reading                                                           and .. tud)" period~
     9:3S-9:3U           ~:~O~:to     Spellinp: 1)1. II'. F.
                                                                                      "'t       '!O    .-\iteroate,


                                                                                               ..
                                        Language ( Tu. Thu.
                                                                                      10        10     Combined.
    9:3J-IO:Oj           ~ :~ ~:jO    Breathing exerci ... e
lo,rulO,:;';             L;(j.3, tj   Arithm etic
                                                                                      :]<)      -,     \itf'rnate .

lO:3i-II:(....           3:1S:l:3J    Writin~ and draw-                                                ~mbined.
                                                                                      ~.j       ",I
                                        ing (Altem:lte d~~- ... )
                                      Geography pI. W. F.)                                      1;)    Alternate.
                                       Ph)".;j ol()~y and h~·glene (Tu, TIIII.J       :W




i "THE
g
                              h;gho;t ,;rlu, 000 . . . . of more th," ""rely be;".
                          good. It is being good for somethmg; and good fo.~
                                                                                                                               i
                                                                                                                               g
~            something not to one's self alone. but to others and to God.                                                      ~
n                                                                       __ -c::~ICC'~IC~~
L::I=CIC:I=:::lIC :CI=::IIC~Cet=I--- ....,
      INSPIRIi\G AN INTEREST At\D A
         SEt\SE OF RESPONSIBILITY
             IN OUR STUDEt\TS'
                                    By    HOMER       H. HILL

              N order to teach students,
          I     we must be students;
                    and to inspire inter.
                                                     character and ambitions~if they have
                                                     any~we are in a much better position
                                                     to help them and in case they have
                    est we must be                   no ambitions: knowing this will helfI
                    interested ourselves;            us to deal with them so as to mst!
                    then we will radio               into them a desire to be somebody and
                    ate an interest and              to accomplish something in life.
                    enthusiasm.
                                                        Now we will go back to ways of ge~i
                      To keep our stu.               ting them interested. If we were a
                    dents interested we              expert on this score we could make
                    must keep up with                                .           ."
                                                     more money m t h" movIes than we
                                                                          e
                    the times. I do not              can at Chilocco. So don't expect me to
                    mean by reading the
  war news or the products of spring                 prescribe a remedy that WI'1 CUI'e )'our
                                                                                    1
 poets, but by learning of achievements              disinterested pupils.                 dI
 in our own branch or field, espeCially,                Here is my print shop plan. an Of
 and how to apply them.                              would like Your opinion of It.
   Each student having a personality
                                                                                      . 's I
                                                     course, you . understand, mme I an
 of his or her own, of which there is no             exclusively vocational departmhen.
 duplicate, gives us teachers, indusb'ial            This plan may not serYe an)'w ere       I
 teachers especially, a vast problem to              else, but I tell of it with the hope that
 deal with; both in helping the students             it may suggest some idea to some ~t.
 to find the vocation which they can                 YOU and also to get "our opmIOn 0 f I
                                                                                    .,
                                                         ,                  ,             des.
most naturally learn and, therefore                  At the print shop we have two tra
succeed in best and with the least ex~               you might say, composition and p:e;
penditure of energy; and also in keep_               work. In the larger cities the) Ie
ing them interested in this chosen                   two distinct trades, having separa
vocation.                                            unions. The mailers also ha,.e a ~~:
   To discover this personality or dis_              ion of their own. All work IS d 'IS
position of some of our charges, is like             nitely defined and each trade does I .
chasing a German torpedo-boat-\ve                    own work. While in the counlTl
know it's there and that i our Ollly                 towns a prmter IS usua II y r eporterI
                                                                   .      .              S ,
clew.                                                editor, pressman and mailer. ~
   The quickest way, if not the Only                 plan to find out where the bo' JD'  ) k
way, is to get him or her interested in              tends to work, or would like to wor ,
some work and then we study his Or                   and instruct him accordingly.         ht
her work, or product. If we know                       We modeled this system after t.3.,
our students intimately, know their                  of the Typographical and Prm tIne  . to
                                                     Pressmens' Unions, as we hope
               • A paper read at a recent rn~l'     r
                                               tng 0 emplorees at the Cbilotto School.
         THE INDIAN CHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT INDIANS                              407

turn out workmen who will make good see how it operates. Everything
and enter those good organizations. must be systematized so as to avoid
    First comes the organization. The confusion.
proprietors we will say will be Supt.        First we have a job ticket-a large
Allen and the disciplinarians. The envelope containing the copy and in
superintendent will be ml'self, as in- some cases a sample of the job itself,
                             -
structor. Then come the foremen, if it is a reprint job. On the front of
one for the composing-room and one this envelope is given this informa-
 for the pressroom; a foreman for each tion: Whom the job is for, address
department on both divisions. Next (for we do work for various agencies
 come the chairmen of the chapels. and schools), when promised, kind,
                                          color and size of stock, sizeof finished
 (T.he chapel is the body of journeyman
 prInters in a given office). The chair- job (that is, in case it is to be trim-
 men are elected by the chapels. . The med), color, or colors of ink, and
                                          quantity to be printed. Then we have
 ~oremen are appointed by the super-
                                          space for additional instructions both
 Intendent, and the superintendent
 IS usually a member of the firm. for compositors and pressmen.
                                              All papers we have in stock are
 These are all union men and neces-
                                          marked as to size and cost, and cat-
 sarily practical printers. Each of
                                          alogues of type, papers, inks and, in
  these positions, proprietors, superin-
                                           fact, all material used in the shop, are
  tendent, foremen and chairmen of
                                           where boys can refer to them.
 ch~pe l s, carries a responsibility, and
                                              In all modern printing plants each
  thIs responsibility, or authority, is workman has a time ticket and is re-
  clearly defined in all shops. We have
                                           quired to show just how long he work-
  the Typographical Union's "Book of ed on a given job and what class of
  ~aws" for reference. The chairman work he did. He merely copies the
  IS responsible for the conduct of the number from the job ticket, putting
  members of his chapel and must look it on his time ticket, and then shows
  after the interests of his union-here how long he held it and what he ~id.
  at Chilocco the interests of the insti-      We do not propose to ha ve a tIme
  tution.                                   ticket for all, but for those in their
      The several foremen are responsible last year it would seem advi~able, b?th
   for the work, both as to its progress to give them experience In keepIng
   and quality. each in his own depart- this record and also to enable them to
   ment.                                    become familiar with this phase of the
   f The superintendent i5 responsible work The time ticket should not be
     or the running of the whole plant, used' for all, howe\'er, as i.t i.s often
   he lay' out the work and pro\'ides the necessary for a boy to set ?IS ~ob h~'o
   neces:ary material for il> production. or three times before makIng It satIs-
      As our boys finish the course and factory, or it is often nece~sar): to
   lea:e us others will have to be put in give him instruction that reqUIres tIme
   theIr places, thus giving an incentive and should not be rushed.
   to better work.                             Xext, we should have plent~ of work
      The fewer rules we bave the less to keep all busy, for b): k~pIng tbem
    trouble we will have, and usually we bus\' we will keep theIr mInds on the
   can get better work.                      wo;k in hand and prevent them from
       ,·ow, as you bave an idea of the
    plan of the organization. we will next losing interest.
408       THE I NDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT INDIANS

    It is not always the least ambitious eight hours in a day that a man should
student who becomes disinterested, work and leave out all foolishness, for
but oftentimes the boy or girl who sees that is what they will have to learn
the future and is grabbing at it, will before they will ever be able to hold
lose interest if we are teaching anti- ajob that will be remunerative enough
quated ideas and ways of doing things, to provide the necessaries of life.
so if we are to lead the herd we must               We have often heard the expression,
step lively and keep up-to-date. Some "Don't watch the clock," but our boY5
of the most am bi t ious become restless must be taught to watch the clock, for
at times and want to go faster, they at the present time workmen are re·
will even sacrifice the quality of their quired to show what they did every
 work in order to get through and move minute of the eight working hours of
 up a notch. To this type we must the day.
 apply a martingale, but this type is                One of our duties, and I believe one
 rare. Our needs will consist mostly,            that is essential to our success in pre·
 so. to speak, of check reins, spurs, paring Indian boys and girls to com·
 qUIrts and in some cases a tractor if pete in the vocations. is to instill into
 not a howitzer.                          '      our students the fact that to make
     If we are interested we discover use of their know ledge to the best a~·
 wa~s and means of dealing with the vantage they must get where there Il
 va~lOus problems that confront us. a demand for the service which they
 ThIS enthusiasm inspires us with new have to sell. This, of course, applies
 and original ideas also.                         to the trades more than to farmers.
      We must bear in mind that the but also to farmers if their allotment.l
  world ~a~, especially the world of are not fit for cultivation. The vat
  c?mmercIahsm, does not recognize na- ous reservations, as a rule. do not ;
  tlOnalty or looks, but only wants to mand very much skilled labor, so I
  know. what we can do ,and now -a-days we are to turn out good tradesme~
       .
 thIS IS not all-only half-it wants to and have them make use of theIT
  know how long it will t ake us t 0 d0 knowledge to the best advantage, "e
  th IS t h'mg. In orne
      O




                             cases I doesn 't must inform them of the fact th~~
                                   't
  matter how Well YOU d0 a thOmg, but
  h f t                                            they will have to get out into the wor
     ow as. But those who want speed and hustle instead of going back to the
  alone are not the substa nt'laI an d Iast-
  .                                                high grass sections. That, yOU seed
  mg ones, S? We lllust not teach speed is a point in favor of farming aD,
  alone. ThIS cIa s of shop or f acton'
  .                                                stock-raising. Here is Gen. Pra.tt s
  IS usually of the tvpe th a t wor kSCI -
                        -                   h'I'
  dren and recognize no human Iaws philosophy, "To civilize the IndIan.
  an d f ew state Or natl'o na I IaWS, conse- place him in civilization; to keep hUll
  quently can not last. Th ey W not civilized, let him stay."
                .                      '11
                                       I
                                                                                          ld
   a11ow t helr employee s t 0 beIong to              We can't, all of us, make the "O~,t
         .
   l!mons, but prefer to deal with them he~t a path to our door, so we ~                 i.
  smgly, knOWIng that "T th                         bUIld our door across a path tha -
              · 'ded We f all " oge er we already beaten or at least blazed.
   sta n, dIVI
           d
       Speed has beco-e a' great fact ·m              We must not, be discouraged I.    "e
                                                                                       'f
             . .       ...                or
   determmmg an emplo" s quaI'Ifi ca- fail to produce a Webster, EdIson,
     .         d h'           yee
   tIOns, an t IS i rue'm a111'mes.                 Sequoyah or Red Jacket each year.
        Let us teach them that there                If the seed we are sowing does D~!
                                             are seem to mature and bear fruit sufliCI-
               THE INDAIN SCHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT INDIANS                                                           409
ent to repay for the effort expended               accustomed to having his every act,
upon this generation, bear in mind                 almost, regulated by others.
that the greatest harvest will be reap-              Even if he be one who is able to
ed in coming generations.                          get the proper perspective of all
   To be able to keep our students inter-          th ings, these letters are cheering and
ested we must be good disciplinarians.             inspiring if they show an interest.
We, of course, want to make friends of                Although I have never lived on a
all students. Few of us will be able               reservation, when I left school and
to make friends of all; butif we strive            tackled what to me were big things,
to do the right thing by all, they will            these letters were certainly gladly re-
all be our friends before they live out            ceived. They will prove a balm to
their three score years and ten .                  any ex· student who is putting forth
                               tl
                                     "";1:n;;:t;;tj~j;~~~~~~.1Q.tl~~i· ~ a livel.i..::;;:;:do:.,...,_ __
                                                                                      hoo
                                                                                               ~Ile l vv1" ,V'J-Q"t;U'   1,'"tnc' a1u\'~f.-
",'liIW!u?l%. n.nrll'ls : re","cj t ;e ...'t.~t.h o...            c:. nad~ _ -Ine ralip.    ann rne   noe~                             VV1\. ':'
                           - - . _ •• _ -   -"-J   .._   . -,   "- - -   . - ... --   - .       Bear in mind that a good many 0
                          fruits of their teaching-the number                                our students have parents who woulc
                          of successful citizens they produce-                               object to their leaving home in th
                          for we get a different perspective of                              first place, and that tbe letters th
                          things after leaving school and bump-                              parents would write would. in man
                          ing into them.                                                     cases be a detriment to their progress
                             The new course of study will prove                              It will be necessary, too, to take the in
                          a big help to all of us in inspiring an                            itiative in this letter writing, for I
                          interest and a sense of responsibility                             dian boys and girls are, as a ruI
                          in our students.                                                   short on talk. but long on silenc
                             Just one more point: We should                                  This is tbe worst obstacle we have
                          keep up this interest in our students                              contend with in teaching them.
                          even after they leave school. Write                                   If someone of the Ponce de Leon di
                          them encouraging letters. I mean                                   position would searcb out. a founta
                          each industrial teacber, for it would                                                   a
                                                                                             of age. instead of fountain of you
                           be practically impossible for our aca-                            a fountain in which young people.
                          demic teachers, as their classes are                                bathing, might see thin. gs f.rom
                           too large.                                                         experienced point af VIew. 1t w
                             When a boy who has spent all of                                  solve the problem of "How to k
                           his time on a reservation and at one                               our students interested." but un
                           of our schools, leaves school and goes                             this is found we shall always hav~
                           out to fight life's battles. out among                             light-hearted. and a fe,!, even hg
                           conditions to which he is not &C-                                  headed. pupilato deal WIth. Butt~
                           eustomed. he finds many new things-                                a tomistic. this gives us some
                           good and bad. and he does not feel at                             t!  think about, and to do. and to
                           home among them. for he has been                                   paid for.


                                                                   "?mUHEN you've w~rk to do. boys,
                                                                     ~ Do it with a WIn;
                                                                    'Th_ who reach the top. boys,
                                                                       Fint must climh a hill"
     DEVELOPJ\IENT OF GARDENING
        A;\IONG INDIA~ PUPILS
                              MRS. ALICE       G.   DWIRE,
                        Day School Teacher at Taos Pueblo, New Mex\co

                              IN THE   Albllquerqll, JOllrnai

            OME gardening by pupils of          and attractive and helped in language
   H          the day schools, while not
              all roses for the teacher,
                nevertheless does fur-
                                                lessons.
                                                    Children, near spring time, are hun-
                                                gry for a change of diet, so the peas
                nish some prized beauti-        and beans in the catalogue looked
                ful roses as well as many       very attractive, and soon all wanted
                ugly, annoying thorns.          to COpy them in colors. We planned
                   I shall not attempt to       imaginary gardens, letting each one
                tell in detail how we laid      tell what they like best to eat. These
                out the gardens, how we         gardens were drawn on the black-
                prepared the ground, nor        board. and the vegetables placed in
                our methods of culti-           rows. Then all were anxious for
               vation. All such useful          spring to come so that the real seed
information, together with a lot not            could be planted in the real garden.
useful, but rather misleading, we find          The tools we used in the garden-the
in books on gardening. It is rather              spade. the rake and the hoe-were
the wish of my superior officers that            brought into the schoolroom, their
I tell holY we interested the pupils,            name>' and use learned. All children
how we gained the attention and help             are interested in growing things.
of the Indians. how we initiated and             The :;eeds planted in window boxes
carried on the surprisingly helpful              were watched with great interest
educational industry.                            and it was a time of great rejoicing
   The Taos Indians are very conserva-           when the first little green peeped
tive and cling to their old ideas te-            through.
naciously: but they are very fond of                After the pupils became familiar
their children. The surest and quick-            with S-arden terms and garden prod-
 est way of reaching the home is                 ucts the question of the selection of
through the children. Had we gone                gardl'll plots was considered. It was
to the Indians and asked them to                 not ,Ill easy matter to take up, since
 make gardens for the children or                Puehlo children are very shY about
 give us land for the children' s gard~ns        talkillg of their father's lands or pro-
 they probably would have thought                sessi<llls. However, after days of
 that ,:e were trying to usurp their             effort. we were able to locate imagin-
 authOrIty, and might have politely              ary g~rden plots with the understand-
 ~old us to attend to our school teach-          ing t!lat they were only play_garde~
 109 and they would take care of their            We tl en began to talk about the SOI~:
 far:n s. But we began in the winter             how tv keep the moisture in the sod
 ~o mterest the children in garden-              and ]low to irrigate. We experiment-
 mg. We used seed catalogues to                  ed wIth different kinds of soil in our
 teach the name~ of vegetables and                wiml"w boxes and also tested seeds to
 flowers. The pictures were bright                teacll germination.
          THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT INDIANS                                411

     Children are very apt to talk about     being cleared off and a new plot of
  the things that interest them. Natur-      ground cleaned up for each child.
  ally they talked gardens and soils and     Where there were two or three child-
  vegetables to the family at home.          ren in the fami ly their gardens were
  When any of the fathers, or mothers,       separate. They were sometimes ad-
  or big brothers, or sisters, came to       jacent but more often were quite a
  visit the school, they were shown the      little distance apart.
  plants in the window boxes, and the           All the spring it rained nearly every
  interest of the children was carried       day in the afternoon. The gardens
  home.                                      were made late, and we did not get to
    In the early spring an evening en-       visit them while it rained. When
  tertainment was given at the school,      pleasant weather came, and we began
 attended by the parents and returned       to go afternoons to see the gardens,
  students in which gardening was the       we were surprised at the pleasure we
 principal feature. A spelling test         derived from our walks. We usually
 from the garden vocabulary was given       took the whole class. In this way
 and a garden play acted in which           they learned by observation and com-
 there was a great deal of lively sing-     parison. In one garden, if the rows
 ing. While the parents were showing        were not as straight as in some others,
 their enjoyment of the evening and         they all noticed it. Each child in turn
 their happy pride in their children we     would show his or her garden with
 told them about our plans for home         pride and with a feeling of ownership,
 gardens for the children, backing up       but if a weed was spied the pupil
 the enterprise by the announcement         would hasten to pull it out before the
 that the day school inspector request-     visitors saw it. When the garden was
 ed them to give ground to the children    near the house the mother would come
for school gardens at home. To further     out and go around with us. We talked
strengthen our cause, we told them         about the vegetables, which ones we
 that the superintendent also wanted       cook, how to serve lettuce and many
this work to be done, and the honor-       other things. Often, when we were
 able commissioner of Indian affairs       walking along the road, we met Indi-
 would consider our success in home        an men who were interested and
gardens a decided credit to our pueblo.    would stop to know what we were
    When we began to give the seed to      doing. One man, when I told him
the children and do the real work of       that we were on our way to see his
the garden planting. we found that         son's garden, said: "Wait till to-mor-
they could not all have their gardens      row." He wanted to be home to show
the size and shape they had planned.       us around. We waited and when we
But this disappointment only furnish-      went the next day he was very proud
ed us an opportunity to teach tbe im-      to show the garden.
portant lesson-to make the most of             Indian children belong out of doors.
what we have and adapt ourselves to        When we get out in the open air and
circumstances. One little girl had a       are doing something, they seem to
long, narrow strip outside her father's    forget to he shy, and they talk and
corn field. She had to arrange her         tell things. 8< on our walks to \isit
rows differently from her plans, but       gardens they spoke English to me,
had a fine garden. • -early all of the     showed me birds' nests, gathered
gardens were on new land, brush            flowers and made the walks very en-
412       THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT INDIANS

joyable, besides furnishing material         to a girl 11 years old. I shall never
for language lessons the next day.           forget the first time I saw it. It was
   The best of the boys' gardens was         quite a distance from the school and
that of a first grade boy, who is in the     we had visited a numher of gardens
first grade only because he is too large     hefore starting to this one, but ber
to be in the primary. In the school-         eyes were so bright and she was so
room he was a failure, in spite of all       sure that I could walk that far, that I
that we could do; yet his garden was         kept on going. When we finally got
a success in every way. It comprised         there I was well repaid for the walk.
two plots. One was L-shaped, the             We had been going up hill all the way
other a triangle lying between his           from the pueblo. The view as we
house and corral. He had spaded the          stopped and looked back over the \,al·
ground to the proper depth, raked            ley was beautiful. Then the garden~
and worked it over and over again un-        It was a piece of new land outside a
til it was in perfect condition, and         little orchard. The ground had bee.n
then laid out the plot for irrigation        spaded by her sister; her father 15
and planting with the skill of an artist.    dead. The soil had been well prepar·
The second time I visited his garden         ed, the rows were straight and even.
 nearly all the seeds were up and the        with a border of flowers all around.
 plants were making the most rapid           Outside were sage brush and plum
growth of any. The boy was the hap-          bushes. This cultivated spot was a
 piest person in the pueblo except his       picture. I only regretted that I did not
 delighted mother. He had found a            have a camera. I cannot tell of the
 place in the school work where he           girl's pleasure, nor the appreclat'IOn of
                                                                            .
 could excel. Were this fiction I would      the other girls. But anytime afte:'
 have the boy now making rapid pro-          wards, on mentioning that garden;;
 gress in all of his studies, but, alas, I   was easy to see that all underst
 ~m telling the truth, and he seems          and remembered.                          I
 Just as dull in school as before. How-         There has been nothing pheno men;
 ever, I have found that he is interest-     in the year's work. We have ma e
 ed in his garden, and I hope. by using      mistakes and perhaps done. sOf.~
 garden English, he will do more in          foolish things' but take it allw al I
school than before; and I am sure that                       ,                 It bas
                                             has been a beautiful work.
 next spring he will enter into the          been infinitely worth while. The p~.
 work with an energy and skill that          ents, the boys , the girls and tto·     e
                                                                             .
 will gi ve inspiration to renewed gar-      teachers have had a good tune .
 den effort.                                 gether, and we are going to do It
   The prettiest garden of all belonged      again.

If":U3BII:==:==:3IBF 2JBt=t=========It=2JIEI==:==:3IBI
        !                                                       lalE
                                                                  I =====:J3(;]se1
~ ~ ~THE World ~ires its A.dmiration, not to T hose who do
 ml          what Nobody else attempts, but to T hose who do
                                                                                     I
                                                                                     ;
 W     best what multitud~ do well." JII JII JII JII J.# J!                          ~
 e                                                                                   0

 LeseIE"==:==:3J8F        3(;] C======:Ju
                               t=             IE"==:==:31(;]1   18EI   =====:l3es oJ
        ~IILLIOAS      OF DOLLARS PAID
                  TO I~DIA:\,S AS OIL
                      ROYALTIES
                          From The Daily Oklahoman

          o   small feature of the oil         The payment of royalties to Indians,
    N         and gas industry in Okla-
                  homa, and therefore
                                            or rather the receipts of royalties by
                                            them, began in 1904, when the royal-
                  of the mid-Continent      ties totaled but $1,300, and it was not
                  field, has been the       until 1908 that they passed $1,000,000.
                  Indian ownership of       The royalties doubled that year from
                  lands included within     the year before The first of those
                  the oil fields and par-   two years saw a better price as the
                  ticularly the Cushing     crude was bringing fifty-two cents a
                  field. Not only has       barrel in June, 1906, dropping later to
                   the royalty from the     forty-one cents. And in 1914. at the
land been a big money proposition to        close of the fiscal year the total ro} al-
the Indians but the bonuses, paid for       ties paid to the Indians for the past
leases, have aggregated almost as           year amounted to more than $1,496,-
large a sum, while the recent rapid in-     000. For the fiscal year, ending in
crease in the price of crude petroleum      1915, the royalties amounted to 81.-
and its products have swelled the roy-      584,723. The above figures cover roy-
alty total by millions of dollars.          alties for both oil and natural gas,
    More than S14.000,000 have been          Howe\'er, the oil royalties amounted
paid to the restricted Indians of Okla-      to $1,537,727 and the gas to 846,996.
homa in oil royalties, and of that              The big increase in the price of
amount more than $12,000,000 have            crude oil, recently-in many instances
 been distributed among them. The            reaching to more than .. 2 per barrel
                                             -will make the Indians' royalties for
 restricted Indians are those who are
still considered wards of the federal        the present fiscal year reach an enor-
government, and the royalty figures          mous total, breaking all records. al-
                                             though the total production of oil from
 therefore do not cover that vast num-
                                             Indian leases may not reach the total
 ber of Indians who are no longer
                                             of the fiscal year ending in 1915, For
 wards, but who are permitted to
                                              that \'ear the total oil produced on
 handle their own affairs. The royal-
                                              resti~ted Indian lands amounting to
 ty, as a rule, is one-eighth of the oil
                                              14,527.673 barrels in excess of the
 found on a tract of land covered bv a
                                              previous year. while the royalti~s
 lease. Occasionallv this rO\'altv is'in-
                                              amountingtoonly Z' ..l'i4more, ThIS
 creased but it is m~re in th~ shape of       was because the price of crude oil for
 bonuses. The greater portion of the          previous fiscal year averaged far high-
 royalty money has gone to the Creek          er but fell during the next twelve
 Indians because the full-bloods of           months to forty cents a barrel. With
 that ~ribe own the big majority of the       crude oil. during the present year,
  land In the Cushing field.
414       THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT lNDIANS

reaching five times that figure tl,ie total   restricted indians paid the income
royalties would more than double those        tax the first time in 1914 under a de·
ofthe past fiscal year even though the        cision by the courts.
production would fall off half, which            The amounts of some of the royal·
is not probahle.                              ties paid to restricted Indian land
    Of the total royalties paid during        owners, are large. It has already
the past fiscal year the Creeks received      been shown that the producing oil and
$1,365,132 on oil and $19,926 on gas,         gas lands paid these Indians for the
or more than four·fifths of the total.        past fiscal year $1,258 per capita.
The Cherokees received $116,432 on            The superintendent of the five civ·
oil and $21,601 on gas, and the Choc-         ilized tribes says there are now being
taw-Chickasaws received $10,423 on            paid into his office to the credit of
oil and $1,119 on gas. The producing          some of the Creek Indians royalties
oil and gas lands of the restricted           amounting to as much as $500 a day.
Indians, in income, averaged approx-          During the past month the biggest
imately $1,258 per annum per capita,          producing well, ever found in Okla·
while the non-producing lands that            homa, was brought in on the Jackson
were leased averaged approximately            Barnett lease, four miles north of
 $50 per annum per capita.                    Shamrock. His royalty amounts to
    Speaking of the wealth of these In-       one·eigth of the oil. The well has
 dian land owners, the annual report           been making about 11,000 barrels of
of Superintendent Gabe Parker of the          oil a day, or 1,375 barrels a day for
five civilized tribes, recently issued,        Barnett. At $2 a barrel-and he can
 says: "Some conception of the mag-            get that for his oil-his daily income
 nitude of the oil industry in Oklahoma        would be $2,750, and should the well
 can be had from the fact that this of-        decrease to as low as 600 barrels a day,
 fice paid $16,967 federal income tax          his daily income would amount to 150
for restricted allottees during the last       -and that day is far off.
 (fiscal) year." Seventy of the re-               Jackson Barnett is a fullblood creek
 stricted Indians required to pay that                                         .
                                               Indian, a man grown, who gives no      .
 tax in the Cherokee, Creek and Choctaw        thought to what is going on. He is
 tribes have an income of $1,181.392.          living in the hills of Okmulgee count;;
 The amount of income tax paid does            a part of the time as a "wild man,
 not include the great number of In-           and for weeks at a time it is said that
 dians who are not wards.                      he strays through the woods. hidde~
    The amount of income tax paid by           from the sight of man. In hlS sma d
 the restricted Indians, has increased         log cabin his relatives leave food an t
 rapidly. During 1914 they paid a to-          drink so he will not perish, but Barne!
 tal of but $6,109 as against over $16,-       seldom shows up around the pla.ce.
 000 for the fiscal year ending in 1915.       His fortune, now a big sum, is beiDg
 During the previous fiscal year fifty         guarded for him by the Indian depart·
 two Creeks paid $4,817 on a total in-         ment.
 come of $586,376 and forty-five Cher-            There are numerous other in~tan~:
 okees paid $1,296 on an income of $266,-      w here the royalties are big to llldll h
 740. In other words, ninety-seven             ual Indians. Last November, after t e
 Indians in 1914 paid $6,109 on a total        price of oil had started skyward raP"
 inc~me of $7.53,116, as against seventy       idly, resulting in a bidding betwe~:
 Indians paymg $16,000 in 1915. The            purchasing concerns to obtain cru
          THE INDIAK SCHOOL JOUR AL-ABOUT INDIANS                                            415

 oil, the monthly royalty income of                     than ten years. There are Indians, be·
 Luther Mannuel, a 12-year·old full·                    longing to the five civilized tribes, in
 blood boy, went to $12,000 from a 160                  all parts of the world and pay checks
 acre tract; that of Katie Fixico an 19-                have been sent to almost every coun·
 year·old girl, went to $10,000 a month                 try. Only recently an Indian wrote
 from an eighty acre tract; that of Sarah               from Paris, France, and requested
 Rector, 16-year old girl, to $18,000 a                 that his checks be sent him.
 month from an eighty acre tract, and                      The bonus system whereby a sum
 that of Mable Dale, a young lady of                   of money is paid to a land owner to
 Yale, Oklahoma., went to $15,000 a                    secure a lease on his land, was start·
 month from a 100 acre tract.                          ed in 1915 and the credit is given to a
    There is being held by the superin·                well·known oi l man, W. H. Milliken
 tendent of the fil'e civilized tribes                 of Bowling Green, Ohio. It is said
more than $500,000 of royalty money                    that this system has paid into the pock·
that belongs to Indians who have not                   ets of the Indians more money then
called for it. Only recently, John Rag·                have all the rulings of all the secre·
shaw, a Choctaw, wrote to the agent                    taries of the interior since oil was first
for a check for $35 that was made out                  struck in this state. The first bonus of
to him in February, 1907. Every effort                 which there is any record was paid by
had been made to locate him and all                    Mr. Milliken in 1905 to Thomas Gil·
the time he has been living in a small                 crease, a Creek Indian, and was ~I,ooo
town in western Oklahoma. There                        an acre; since that timeas high as $10,·
are checks lying in the agency that                    000 an acre has been paid as a bonus
ha\'e been there unclaimed for more                    for a lease.




                                PRAYER                                                              ,

                                 . \I t' II It1Snol'   TRncH
                                In Kansas CitT Journal

              When prayer <lelighb thee lea,t. then learn to ,,,yo    .. ,
              ··&lUl. now is thy greate,t neeU th.t thou should,t pr8.'.
              Crookl'd and w''l>e<i I Hill. :In<l I would !:l1Il
              Stmighten my,eIf by thy right I al("'":
                                                 .lIle           •
              ~a)! ,,'hat i, prayer-when .It IS pmler nul ....,1
              The miuhtl" utterance of a onghty nee<l.
              The ma~J i; praying who <loth pre" ~ith Illight
              Out of his darkness into God", own hght.
              The greene>t le;,f. dhi<led frolll it- ,tem
              To ,peedy wiUlering <loth Itself condemn.                                             •
              The lar""st ri'·er. from its fountAIIl heat!
              Cut off.JeaH!s ,oon a parched ;llld. du,!)" J>ed. .'
              All things th"t lire from God theIr ~u'tenllnce \\alt.
              The sun and moon are ooggers at HI' go!e.
              All skir!" extended of thY men!;,1 hold        .
              When anuel hands from'hea"en are seatterlllg gold.
                       "
                                                               I




                   MAJOR J. M. HAWORTH,
              First Superintendent of Indian Schools.




             HAWORTH HALL
   In 189:3 I1nworth Hall. Ch ilocco's beautifulac,,,lemic
huilding and nud!torium. named in honor o/.I. ~r. H,,·
worth. first Superllltendent of Indian u ho,,],. w ,I..:"·
                                                    "s
cat..:l. It continued to he a SOllrce of pride to the selwol
until it was destroyed hv fire :\ovember ~6. 190i. In
1910 'uperintendent Wise hegan the ercclio of:l new
building whit'll Will; complek'<l early in 191 1. at " to,t
of ~26.000. In 1914 ll.OOO of cl..,. 1\ oney 118S
used to enlllr!(C the structure. lIIaking the lie" Haworth
Hall. It is "larger and hetter huildin" than its pl'..:le.
Ces-'or. ( ~. Frontispiece).               "
             THE SEM INOLE U\,DIANS
                  OF FLORIDA
                 FROM THE   Knoxville   (TENN.)   Journal-Tribune

                        Seminole Indi-      catching industry in a part of the
                   ans of today are         swamp as yet untouched by the big
                   only a frail remnant     dredge, and for a time he managed to
                   of the mighty tribe      sell these to advantage to the mission
                   of Osceola's time.       trading post about seventy miles from
                   Ever since their         Ft. Myers. But the European war
                   separation from the      has claimed even the people of the
                   Creeks of Georgia        Florida wilderness as victims. The
                   their lives have         shutting off of the European market
                   been one long strug-     for these hides has been the final
ge for existence and for a place which     blow and the struggle of the Seminole
they might call home. Their name in         today is one of the pathetic instances
Indian dialect means "wild wan-             of the far-reaching effects of that aw-
derer," and it is certainly not a mis-      ful conflict now being waged beyond
nomer in this instance.                     the seas. A sensitive race, with no
   For years their home has been            particular fancy for the white. man,
in the wilderness of the Florida            the Seminoles for years have resented
Everglades, and there they lived            the missionaries who came among
the simple Ii fe. feeding upon the          them bringing medical aid and meth-
game such as deer bear turkey                ods of sanitation as well as the teach-
and small fowl. The; had the native         ings of the Gospel, and it seems the
~ruits and nuts, and on the little           very irony of fate that just as these
Islands which rose above the waters         simple people were becoming inter-
of the Glades they cultivated pota-         ested in the work of the mission and
toes, beans, corn and a starchy plant       readv to trust the pale face, the good
called "coontie," from which they           phys"ican who had done so much for
made their flour. Then came the              them died and the European war
draining and reclaiming of the Ever-        closed up their one chance of making
glades which spoiled their game pre-         a living. For a time it was feared
serve for the white man began to set         that they would starve, but good
up farms where once the wild animals         friends came to their aid and they
                                             are managing to eke out an existence.
 roamed. Even the little dry islands
                                                They are totally unlike any other
 of the Glades where the corn and the
 coo nf Ie once flourished have been         tribe of Indians, due perhaps to the
 tur ned'mto truck gardens for the rais-     fact that the Florida wilderness was
 .
                                             the hiding place of runaway slaves
 Ing of vegetables for the Northern
 m~rkets. The white man's gun has            f ro m the Southern States as well as of
                                                                        . I         I
                                             the Indians. The Se~lno. es we-
 fnghtened all'av all the big game
 and even quail, "
               . SQuirrels and fish are '    corned the fugitives and In tun~ th~Y
 scarce.                                     intermarried. The planters tried In
                                             vain to find some way by which they
   The Seminole still has his alligator
418      THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT INDIANS

could secure the return of their ' 'wool   S. troops, known as Dade's Massacre,
and ivory" but in vain, for the United     followed. The United States was un-
States at that time (1810) was too         prepared to act quickly and vigorously
much occupied with the troubles with       and after a series of bloody skirmishes
Great Britain to get into a broil with     word was received from Washington
Spain over a few runaway negroes.          that the Government had decided to
So the Indians and the slaves were let     permit the negroes to go with the In-
alone and they lived in peace and har-     dians if they would emigrate peace-
mony for many years. Finally, in           fully to Arkansas. Just as this was
1819, Florida was purchased from           about to be carried out some of the
Spain for the sum of $5,000,000.00 and     slaves holders objected and the Ind-
the Seminoles were brought under the       ians, fearing that the treaty was a
dominion of the United States. For         ruse, fled to the wood with their war
a time the tribe suffered from the         cry.
plunder of slave catchers who, be-            Osceola was their leader - a hero
sides seizing the negroes, stole horses    among his people. Tall and erect,
and cattle and committed other depre-      with eyes which fairly looked through
dations. The Indians pleaded for re-       the person who met his gaze, this In-
dress but things continued to grow         dian swayed his warriors and proved
worse until 1828, when the plan of         himself a military tactician of no low
emigration to Arkansas was submit-         order. He was finally surrounded by
ted to the chiefs. The Indians knew        our troops and captured. He died in
that the climate was different and         prison in 1838, and is buried at Fort
their plea to remain in Florida was        Moultrie, near Charleston, So.uth Car-
 pathetic. Then, too, the negroe·s         olina. This chieftain is the national
were to be left behind and many of         hero of the Seminole tribe.
them were the husbands and wives of           The dark days of massacres and
the Seminoles and they decided to re-      savage warfare between our troopS
fuse to emigrate. United States troops     and the Seminoles have passed and as
were sent to the scene when the In-        far as the United States Government
dians began to commit a series of out-     is concerned there are no Ind ians in
rages against the whites and horrible      Florida for, according to the old trea-
!rage~ies followed one after another       ty, they emigrated to Arkansas long
In qUick succession.                       ago. Somebody, however, must have
   It was at thisperiodthatthefamous       found the Florida Indians, for in 1892
w~rrior Osceola came into prominence.      an agency was set up near Fort Myers
HIS wife, being an African slave           for the purpose of assisting the In-
was seized and carried away and            dians and an appropriation of $6,000. 00
when the young warrior made an at-         per year was made to run it. AsawnllIl
~e~pt ~o rescue her he was put in          was built and a school opened. but
Jail. HIS one idea was to get revenge      the Indians did not take kindly to the
on the white man for the capture of        institution and it was abandoned.
his wife, so he pretended to be repent-    Since that time the welfare of the
ent, ~nd when released he ambushed         Seminole has been looked after bl"     -
and killed his jailer, General Thomp-      missionaries and a society known a5
son, and a companion who happened          "The Friends of the Florida Sem-
t? be walking with the officer at that     inoles." The Department of t he Inter-
time. The awful slaughter of the U.        ior has set aside twenty-three thoU-
           THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT INDIANS                                419

   sand acres of land to be held in trust      usually wear deerskin leggings and
   for the Florida Indians so that when        moccasins, a bright colored shirt and
   they are finally driven from all other      tunic around which a sash is draped .
   property they may retire to this place      The belt is made of buckskin with
   and live there without being further        pouches for a hunting knife, a revol-
   molested.                                   ver and ammunition. Sometimes the
     Only a few of them speak English,         Seminole brave wraps his head in a
  as their chiefs disapprove of its use by    red bandana handkerchief, and at
  the tribe. They perfer to keep aloof        others he wears a derby hat. The
  from the white man and his ways. Like       women, too, have a fine physique and
  the Alaskan Indians, they have their        magnificent hair. She affects bangs
  clans, and under no circumstances           and wears her hair in a psyche knot.
  do the clans marry among them-              She is always barefooted and her wide
  selves, which probably accounts for         flowing skirt is made long enough to                il
  their sturdy figures. The courtship of      reacb to her toes.                                  i
                            hen
  the Seminole is short. W a young               Beads are worn as marks of distinc-              I
  brave sees a girl he admires he seeks       tion and mean everything to the dark-
 out her parents and the girl is con-        skinned woman of the 'Glades. She
 sulted by them on the subiect. If she        receives her first string when she is           If
 refuses her father does not insist on       one year old, and one string for each
 her marrying against her will, and          year until she is wedded. After mar-
 the young man goes off to hunt an-          riage she receives two strings for
 other bride. If, however, the girl          each child born. On festal occasions
 sees fit to accept his attentions he        she piles up her neck with from twen-
 goes deer hunting and if he succeeds in     ty to thirty pounds of grass beads and
 bagging his game the young woman            walks about like a grand dame.
 will find a dead deer outside her wig-      When she reaches middle life she
 wam. The lover hides in the bushes          begins to take off the strands one by
 and watches. If the carcass is taken        one and by the time she is no longer
 into the house it is a sure sign of her     able to work she has but one strand,
 acceptance. A few days later she            known as life beads, and these are
 makes a shirt, usually bright in color,     buried with her.
 and sends it to her admirer. Then              Safka being the na tional dish - a
 the day of the marriage is set, and         stew made of meat and thickened with             ,




 the young mangoes to the girl's home        vegetables or grits. It is cooked in a
at sunset and takes up his residence         huge kettle and eaten from a large
 there. He is now her husband and            wooden spoon which is pass~d from                "




                                             one to another-not very samtary, to
 they set about to build their home in
                                                   the least. Safka to the Seminole is
 the camp of the wife's mother, for          sa Y                      .      d' t
here again, like the Alaskan Indians,        like friioles to the MeXIcan an poI. 0
the child takes the clan of the mother       the Hawaiian. The spoons used are d!f-
                                             ficult to obtain, as they are ~amllY
instead of the father.
    Both the men and women love gay
                                                 .
                                             helr looms and cannot be sold wIthout
                                                                            h . h d
                                                                                         0,

colors, and although they mix them           the consent of the woma~ W 0 IS ea
                                             of the house. Each famIly has a sort
Without the slightest regard to har-
                                             of coat-of-arms carved on the spoon.
mony, the make-up of their costumes             The men are great alligator hunters.
is picturesque. The men, who are al-
                                             In hunting these a steady nerve and
ways tall and of a dark copper color,
-120     THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL ABOUT INDIA S
an unerring shot are essential. The              dances, many of which are not unlike
Seminoles go out in canoes on dark               the Indian dances in the Southwest.
nights carrying a bull's·eye lantern             The Medicine Men of the tribe usually
and from time to time throw the light            arrange the time for the date of the
over the water. When a 'gator is                 Green Corn Dance, a festival which is
located the Indian steers his canoe to           governed by a certain phase of the
a point about ten feet from his prey             moon. This dance is perhaps the
and puts a shot between the eyes of              most important of their festivals, and
 the monster. Before the 'gator can              is held as an expression of gratitude
flounder out of reach the Indian grabs           to the Great Spirit for an abundant
 his ax and severs the spinal cord and           harvest-a custom borrowed from the
drags the carcass into the boat. Tbe             ancient sun worshipers. The Hunt·
alligator possesses an extraordinary             ing Dance takes place once in foul'
 vitality, the nerves often being active         years, and is a genuine play day for
 for serval hours after the head has             men, women and children. These
 been severed from the body, and the             dances, while not as weird as those of
                                                 the Indians of the Far West, are quite
 writhings of the huge bodies are                as remarkable and well worth visiting
 frightful.                                      if the traveller is willing to brave the
   The tribe has its festivals and               Florida sun in July.




                  WHERE THE WEST BEGINS

                    Out where the hlllldclasp's a little stronger.
                    Ollt, wh~re the smile o,'velb a little longer.
                       1 hat, where the 1\ est be"ins
                                                    " .
                    O~,t where the ,UII , - a little brighter.
                    1\ here the snow, thlt fall are a trifle whiter
                    Where the bond, "f home are a wee bit ti"hter.
                       That', where tllf \\'e:,t begins.          "

                    Out where the -kit are a trifle bluer.
                    Out where friend,hip" a little truer.
                       That's where th \\'bot begllls.
                    Out where a fresh. I' breeze is blowi,,...
                    \l'here there'. lauchter in e'er, ,tre;mlet Howi,,,,.
                                                  .'                            "
                    \l'here .there' s more of reaplllg nneI les.'it of :,,>owillg'.
                       ....,   _            .
                         I hat, where the \\ bot begins.

                    ()~t where the "01 1<1 i, in the making,
                    \\ ~'~'re :ewer heart- ·n. despair are aching .
                        . I h.t , where th 1\ est begin,.
                    \ \ •here there's III 0.'" of,','
                                    .      -      'i 19l11g ane
                                                                              .
                                                               I Ie;s of SJglulll-{.
                    \\ here there's Illo of gi\'in" and I&"i 0 f burtng.
                                                .        I:l
                                                                            .
                    An, I "man makes friend, without h If t .'
                         '1'1 t'. h '                             a r<lng.
                             '" 'were th. \\ est begins.               .
                        DEPARTMENT OF THE INTE RIOR
                                OFFICE OF INDIAN AFFA IRS



  PRELIMIi\ARY ANI\' O lJ ~CE~ I E~T OF
        SUMMER INSTITUTES

II' will be of in terest to all employe. of the Indian Service to know that arrange-
   ment. for , ummel' Institntes. to be held at the following places. lire well
advanced:
      Haskell Institute. Lawrence. Kans ..              June 19 to Jul, 1. H)l6.
      Indian &hool. :;anta Fe. ~. ~l..                   .lulv:3 to Jul\' 15. 1916.
      Sherman Institute. Riverside. Calif..            J uh'li to J uf\' 29. 19](j.
      Salem. eheme.... Oregon                        Jul\' iiI to Augu;t 12. 1916.
      Indian ' hool. Tomah. Wis ..                  Juli' :3\ to August 12.1916.
      Indian hool. Rapid City , S. D..            Augu~t 14 to August 26. 1916.
      Indian hool. Carlisle, Pa ..                August 14 to August 26. 1916.

      On account of the institute which is to be held at Lawrence being the fin,t of the
series, the plans for this one are more nearly complete than others nnd are therefore
announced at this time to suggest the scope of the programs to be offered:
                                                              ~J::30 to 10: 10
                 PH OGRA.~l
      OHlER   HOOL HASKELL IxSTITCTE.            Civic,;,
         ,June 19 to J uly 1. 1916               Penmanship.
                                                 Librar.\ ~/anagement.
                  ~loR "' G                      Lace ~/aking.               .
            i: 30 to j: 5.5                      Domestic Science. Prf\"ocahonal.
                                                 Domestic ience. "ocationsl.
  Health and anitalion.
                                                 Drafting.
               8:00 t08:40                       Farm p~inting, (first week ).
  Reading.                                                    10: 15 to 10: 55
  Primarv ~[ethods
                                                 English; Le;son, from the new course
  Libr,,"): ~[anagen;ent.
  Lace ~lak ing ,                             of studr.
  1)01nes·t·                                     Engiish, Cltl ic"
  I)       ~c 'ienc<:. Pre\ocatlOnal.
                                                 Librarv 'Ianagement.
     omeshc . ienee. \'o<.'.tional.
  Drafting.                                      Lnre ~-lakin~.                  .
                                                 Domestic Science, ~rer~tltlOna!.
  Farm Carpentry. (_etonci week ).
                                                 Domestic: ienre. 'oca~lOn"l.
              8: ~.5 to 9: 25                    Farm Blacksmithing. (Ii",t "...,k).
                                                         '/",nllr\' (-<'Cond w""k).
   Primal'\' ~lethod,.                           Farm .,    u..:>V   .'


   Readin"                                       Band ~Iu-ic.
   Arithm~tir.                                               11 : 00 to 11 40
   Libran ~[anagement.                                 '<h' lffi-oll' frol11 the
                                                                                   nt'" rour-.. e
   Lace Maklllg.                                 EngII~ .
   o           .
   Dom."rIC . 'Ienee. Prevocation,d.          of <tud).           .
                                                  En"lisb. ('I",''''',
   oomestie . iencc. "ocntiona!.                    "
                                                  HistorY.
    rafting.
   Farm Carpentry. (second .. eek).               Peo111;nship.
422         THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOtInNAL-ABoUT INDIANS
  Arithmetic.                                    A feature that will add greatly to lbe
  Library )lallagement.                       intel'est in alld effectiveness of the insti-
  Lace )laking.                               tutes this year is the securing, as instruct·
  Home Trnining ami Home ;\ursillg.           ors and lecturers, of specialists in agri-
  Band ~lusic.                                culture lind kindred subjects, in home
                                              economics and in education who are eon-
                AfTERSOO'
                                              nected with the State Institutions located
               1:10to~:40                     in the sections of the country where the
  Dairying. (61'St week).                     institutes are to be held. For instance,
  Animal Husbandry. (second wl"ek).           Kansas Institutions will he repreeented at
  Domestic Art, Pre.-ocational.               Haskell as follows:
  Domestic Art, Vocational.                             THE STATE UNIVERSITY

               2:45 to 4:],;                    Chancellor F. H. Strong.
  Agrollomy, (first week ).                     Dean S. J. Kelly, Education Depart-
  Horticulture. (second week. J une 28,       ment.
29, 30).                                        Prof. R. A. Schwegler, Education
  Poultr\', (secolld wl"ek, JU lie ~6. 27).   Department.
  Domestic Art. Prevocational.                  Dean Butler, Fine Arts Department.
  Domestic Art. \' ocatiollal.                  Prof. Downing, Fine Arts Department.
              4:25 to .'i:Q5                     TilE STATE AGRICULTURA L COLLEGE

  Phy,ical traill illg and gl'OUp games.          President H. J. Waters.
                                               · A. S. Neale, Dairy Specialist, Exten-
              6:30 to 7:30                    Sion Division.
   Band Concert 011 the Lawn (All musi-        · H. J. Bower, Soils Specialist. Exten'
cians invited to bring in,truments and        slOn Division.
participate).                                     C. P. Thompson, Animal Husband-
                                              man, Extension Division.
            8:00 to 8:30                        · R. M. Sherwood, Poultryman, Exten'
  Communit)· ~Iusic in Chapel.                slOn Division.
               8:30 to   9:~0
                                                  G. O. Green, Horticulturist, Exten-
                                              sion Division.
  Lectures. June 19. Ql. ~:.I, 25, 26, 28.        Frances 1. Brown, Home Economics.
30; Conferences, June 20, Q~. ~7. Q9.         Extention Division.
               9: QO to 9: :.10                   ~tE\rion P. Broughton, Domestic i-
                                              ence, Extension Division.
  ~Iotion   pictures.                             '~inifred Fortney, Domestic Arb;, Ex-
   The Dougla" County teachers will meet      tension Di"ision.
~t Haskell th~ y,:"r instead of holding au
                                                         THE STATE ~ORMAL
mdependent Institute. On this account
more academic subjects will be offered         PI·c.ident T. W. Butcher.
than usual, and instruction in a number        Definite arrangements have been made
of ~ubjecb; will be giren during several for these instructors and lecturers and Il
penods of the day to enable indiriduals few .ot~ers may be secured.
to take as much of the work as thel' mal'
                                            .' Slnlllar arrangements are being made
desire. Because of the wide scope -of th-e
                                           'nth State Institutions in all other tates
program it will. of course, be nece:<sar.
                                           where summer institutes are to be held.
for a choice of subjecb; to be mnde. it
                                               It h the desire of Commissioner )\5
is hoped that this may be gi"en some that AgriCUlture and Home Economics be
thought before time for c1assi6cation and
organization of classes.                   :ollgly emphasized this year, therefo~
                                              e Extension Divisions of tbe Agrt-
          THE INDIAN CHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT I DIANS                                             423

~ul tural Colleges are being        specially      ~I ethods. English. Reading and Library
IIlrited to co-operate. and without excep-         Methods and ~Iana/(ement. because of
tion the re>ponse is prompt and liberal.           their great importanl" in their relation
In most instance. i'htructors will remain          to progre.s in all other subjects studied
throughout the entire ses.ion of the Insti-        while in school and to progressiveness
tute and will gire their undirided time and        after school days are over.
attention to the work for the benefit of                Particular attention will also bc given
those in attendance.                               by instructors to the development of top-
   The instruction will be of a very prac-          il~ both academic and industrial given
tical characte,', as indicated by the follow -     in the new course of study. the purpose
ing typical topics:             -                   being to demonstrate h~w the COUl"'e
                                                   should be used throughout the year by in-
   Demonstration and usc of Babcock tes-           structors in all departments of the school
ter.
                                                   ...ernce.
   The Breeds of Dairy Cattle (illustrated).            The e'·ening IcctUl'l'S will be inspira-
   Construction of Silos (illll>trated).            tional in charaeler. but of real education-
   Breeds of Beef Cattle (illustmted).              al worth.
   Breeds of Horses (illustrated).                      It i, belie' cd that the programs of all of
    Breeds of Hogs (illustrated).                   the institutes will be of such character that
    Breeds of Sheep (illustrated).                  no IlCl",on in the Indian Service who can
    Breeds of Poultrv (illustrated).                po»ilby attend sh?uld neglect the °PI~r­
    Lessons in judging and use of score             tunity. Add to th,s the nere<;,ty of belllg
cards.                                               prese-nt to participate in tI.,e discu. 'i~'lS
   Transplanting Trees.                              of the numerous problems III connecllon
    Pruning.                                         with the introduction of the new course of
   Spraying.                                         stud\". therefore. and certainly no ,chool
        il Formation.                                can ~fford not to be well represented.
    Soil ~[oisture and Drainage.                         A more complete announcement. inclu-
    Growing Alfalfa.                                 din" indiddual programs of all of the in-
    ~~op Rotation and Soil ~[anagement.              ,tit~t"'. will be i"ued later. howe,er. as
     K,tchen Equipment; Lecture and Dem-             alreadv intimated. the programs w,ll be
 onstration.                                         quite 'similar to this one, therefore. I~ 's
     \"eb",table.; Kim!" Struc ure and Com-          hoped that ea~h one will promptl)· de<:,de
 position: Lecture and Demonstration.                which of the lII,htut", to attenrl and re-
  . ~I eats: Composition. Cuts and Food               port to the office II.> re<lul'Ste<l..     .
 \ alue; Lecture and Demonstration.                      Commissioner Cato ll, w,ll make a.
     Plannin/( Il School Girl's Wardrobe for          great offort to be present at each one ot
 one year; Lecture and Demonstration.                 the InstitutE' for olle or two cia)'. H,s
     Academic Subjects will be well present-          abilitl to do so will derc."d ~1"lr~"'I)' UPO"
 ~ by teachers from public chools and In-             whether or not Congre>· ,s ,II III ,""IOn .
  .,an schools who have demonstrated 'pe-                                H. B. PUJR.;.
 clal ability in their respecti"e lines of work.                            upcnisor of. ·hools.
 Special attention will be b ,';,en to Primar\"-




       " Qr brrpr.st riurr.s flolu wttl1 thr lra.st 501mb"
        [
424         THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT INDIANS
                                                            about .wo Indians are-yet un allotted. There re-
      INDIAN RIGHTS CASES RECEIVE
                                                            main l,On,OOO acres ~f tribal land within the
             CONSIDERA nON                                  diminished Crow resen'alion available fur settle-
                                                            ment, if they wish the Indians are arbitrarily
         From the Christian Science Monitor_                disregarded and the resen'alion opened.
                                                               About 19,000,000 acres of public land:; in the
T      HE Indian Rights Association of Pbiladel·
        pbia has interested itself in two problem~          state of ~Iontana remain undi~posed of. 6(l1),OCO
in which it seek~ to prevent what it sa.ys is an            acres of which are adjacent to the Crow reset\"l-
injustice to the Indians_ One is the threatened             Lion j and there are30,OOO,OtlO acres in the adjoin-
raid on the Crow Indian lands and the other a               ing state of Wyarning available fo r settlement.
piau for oppo~ition to legislation affecting the            It appears from this immense acreage of unOCCU-
 five civilized tribes of Oklahoma_ In the Ctbe             pied public land that there is no need, rro~ the
uf the Crow Indians of :\Iolltana their opposition          settler's point of \-jew, of causing the opening ~f
 is to a Senate bill introduced by Senator : \Iyers
                                                l           additional land of the Crow re~er\"ation at thl'i
 of :\Iontana, which provides for the sale of the           t ime. Tbe fact that there is now over JIlO,IW
 'Iurplus land of the Crow resen-ation_ On this              acre..;; of the ceded Crow land not ret di~po..ed of
 propnsition the association has the following to            shows conclUSively t hat t h e amOlln t 0 f a.. ail.ble
                                                                               ,
  "'ay:                                                      land is far greater than is being called for by
     The government is acting in the capacity of
                                                             settlers.
 guardian over our Indian wards; its responibility
                                                                The Crows are unanimously opposed to di~pt';­
 i~ o( the highest and most sacred character.. In
                                                             ing of any part of their present diminished re~er-
  the light of this responsibility as guardian, it is            ,                                         '.
                                                             \'atton, and clearly show that t Iley wO uld .uffer
  important-indeed, imperative- that the best
                                                             loss and further discouragement if the pendln~
  inter~t.s of the Crow Indians should be fully re~                                            ' h Id. counCil_
  cognired and guarded_                                      legislation is adopted. The I nd lans e
                                                             on their reservation ~o\'. ~2, 191,), and Yigoro~.I~1
      In disposing of the lands heretofore offered                                                   'l' I wha
   for sale or settlement. the government distinct~           protested against the sale of any add I lODa     .
                                                                                                    '       f lead,."
   I)" pro,-ided that it aded only as trustee and as-        lands. Sub<:equently a de Iega bOD 0                  d
   sumed no responsibility whate,-er. The record"            members of the tribe came to Washington, ~n
                                                                                                      be j nten or .
   show that fully 500,000 acres of the lands al-            at a hearing before the secretary f t      °       h
   re\dy ceded by th~ Crows remains undisposed               and tbe committees of the Indian affairs of t .f
   of, Il'ltwithstandiug the extraordinary efforts of         House and Senate they forcibly rei era ted th'"
                                                                                                   't             -r
                                                                   , , to the propos ed IegiS a t'10 n, .. hich. I r
                                                              opposition                    'I
    the general land office to encourage sales and                                                           ari 0
    Ilettlement. In 19U provision was made offer~             adopted, would deprhte them of a Iarge P
    ing the ceded lands in tracts of 6-1-0 acres to the       their remain ing lands.                             d
    highest bidder, without regard to appraisement,              The Crow Indian.s are making ,-ery rapid a .
                                                                                                          - dU ·
                                                                                                              litrr
    yet Ie::: than 28.000 acres were filed upon during        n ncement in farming and the stoek In • ~ ~
    Ihe last fiscal year,                                     Theirvaried holdings of stock amount to o,-er lb.
     There i'i little doubt that the fa.ilure to dispose      000 head. )Iore than SOOO tons of bay ha,-e
                                                              prO\Tided by them for the winter use of the he
                                                                                                                 be:f
  tlf the ceded areas by settlement or sale is due to
  the unde .. irable character of the land owing to           thus showing an iDcreac;;ed interest in the care ad
  an io""\dequate water !\upply_ The great SCar-              'Itock. The returns from the agricultural Ian
  city o( water renders the purcha~ of the lands               have far exceeded formereiforb in thb direction.
  in ",m":lll tracts almost. if not quite, prohibitive_                                                        ,-eal"'
                                                               \\'h'tie 3uno acres were under l'ultn I- two - td
                                                                                                      tOO
   \"'ide from what will be needed (or allotment t            ago, fully B,OOO acre:; of grain were bar,-~t
         ,       f                                     0
   memD~rs 0 the tribe yet unpro.ided for. the                the past c;ea"'on.                            _ _ - td
  "'J.rplu, land of the crow resen'ation are chieHy              The oppo~ition in the case of the thTe cJ\·.. h~e
   "'uitable for grazing purposes, and can only be            trtbe~ i'i directed against a bill introdUced 1n
   utilized with profit in large areas - Th ~e con d't-       Hou~e by Represeotdiye Hasting of Oklahol"D"
   tiom tend to indicate that the effort to 'iecure           which provides:                               __ - td
   the ,,~le of the additional land is cbieHy in the              "'That the superintendent for the the C1\'lhl d
   mtere-t of the cattle men and speculatOS,WI)  r    h        tribes in Okht.homa shall after the pa ..!'a~e a(l
    hope to itain title of large areas. Once they                                                        ,    II aU'
                                                              apprm-al of this act have and exen·tSe a .
     ecure control of the very limited water supph',                 - now conferred bv law upon the com mi·'
                                                               lhorlty                                             .
    they would po -e.;..., a monopoly of tbe grazi~           'Iioner o(the Indian affai;", and !'eeretary ofthe 10·
    ground....                                          g
                                                               lerior, or either of them. rC!lpecting the lan~~ al~
                                                               lotted to the enrolled member-- ofthe th"e ci\'lh~
     \l1otments aggregating l ;9,1 "'13 acre:; have been
   made to 1-139 members of the Crow tribe, and                                                                    s
                                                               tribe- in Oklahoma and their iodi,-idual tD(lnef -
                THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT I lDIANS                                                                 425
  Concerning this prop:,~ition the Indian Rights              EXPERIMENTAL FARM AT SHIVWITS
A ~sociatioll
            makes the following obserntions:
  The care and control over our I ndian popula-
                                                                UPT. Cha.'. I). \\'ngnerof hirwits In-
tion i~ a national duty re:;ting upon the security
of the con,titution and hould not be delegated              S    dian school reports to Commissioner
                                                              lis as follows:
to others without the greatest ra re being exer-
cised to -.ee that local influence will not preva il,          I have the honor to report that an experi·
under the changed condi tioll ~. against the best           mental farm wa~ .. tarted at this ~ch()ol la .. t
interests of the Indians.                                   yea r, a plot of land wa" ('hosen :tbout three
   The 101,,)21 Indian .. of the fi\'e civi li zed tribes   miles from the :;('hool and on a Aat which ('on·
represent more than one third of the Indian pop-            t;lins about twe lve h undred ,H're'! of laud that is
ulation orthe Coiled States. Of these 3~,';.w are           fairly le,Tei but inclined to be a little snndy for
known as restr icted Indians, their property being          dry land farming,
held by the federal go\'ernmenl. Of the 19,.H5,-              Experiments were made with Sudan gra ...s.
966 acres of land belongi ng to the fh'e civilized          white tepary bean . . , milo maize, Kaffir (·urn.
tribes, o,·er 1'>.000,000 a('res were allotted, of          feterita, ('orn, squa .. h, watermelon .. , and Illlbk·
which there remain 3,31)..,310 acres of allotted            melon .. ; a twenty· three acre plot wa~ al!o plowed.
land which are under the care oCthe government              and cultivated during the summer and experi-
and within the jurisdiction of the 'iuperinteodent          ment.;. are now being- made with Turkey Red
oHhe fh'e civilized tribe;. This does not include           and Kharko\" wheat.
the million and a quarter seres of segregnted                  The different te .. t~ ~o far have ~holrn that
roal and timber land ...                                    Sudan ~r8s'! will grow and mature seed lrith·
      The ~uperintendent in a recent report states          out rain or irrigation a .. evidenced by the fact
that the area of land ... within that jurisdiction is       that \,'e noW ha,'e about IIkJ() Ihs, of this seed
three tim~ as large as the state of :\Iassachusetts,        for sale. The hay i~ abo \"Cry good even after
and 24 times as large as the state of Rhode Island.         thrashing- out a . . eed crop , Thi~ g-ra ..s ..tayed
The enormou,> wealth represented by this vast               green from the time it ('a me up until .\ ~gust IS,
property intere:..t is propo.. ed by the pending lCi!'      191'>, at whi{'h time the seed began to ripen, It
i... lation to be tramferred from the secretaf\~ of         wa" cut on .\u~u~t :lIHh and :U .. t and two week ...
the interior to the full control of the superin~ten.        after ('uttinJt the .. tub-- sent out green .. hoob
dent of the fhe civilized tribes located in Okla·           whi(.h grew about f'lur feet hi~h by Oct(lber l .. t
 homn.                                                      ~o rain fell ffl)nl )Ia)" 9th to ptember ,tho at
     Offirial reporl~ ... how that to the do_~e of the      which time we had a .. mall sprinkle that did not
last fi...('al ye.1r there had been collected and           la.:;t o\·er half an h()ur, and the temperature wa ..
dep~iteJ ~19 ,j(k) OtM) or tribal mone"s br the             from .,:, to lUll the gre·lfe4 part of the summer
... tlperintenden~ and thi ... fund was df'~sit~d in        and earl\' fall.                                                 ,
                                                                White' tepary bean .. :1. 1"0 made a ,'ery"atlS'
lnriou,> ft:tleral and .. tnte bank.;' and there is \"et                            _.     a - e\·idenced b,· the fact that
due the "urn nf ":l,O~J,I),)(} from ~riballands h~re.       factor\' s hnu 1Ilf! ..
                                                                     .
                                                                                                              •
                                                                              .._ 1 .Juo Ib~, of very fine ... eed whlth
                                                                                                                           ,
tof')fe.;old. in addition to~ 000 ("MM) the e-ltimated      we hn\'e au
                                                                       . df
                                                                                 llU •
                                                                                         6 It",- (If seed and t acre of land,
 value of the surfa('e of the c:lal "and~. The lowest       wa ... ral,e rom
                                                                   .            , r affir ('nro squa .. h nnd water·
 offic'ial e...timate upon the value of the coal and            )1110 mal7.e, n.                        •
                                                                                 . -e r)' "ati~radory re.... ults and further
 asphalt deposits on the -l3 1.noo acres of ..egre·         mellon .. KS' e \                              .                 _.
                                                                       --I I b made this "ear With seed that "a"
 g:ded ('oal lrtnd ... is '. H,noO,ooo. while the tribal    t~ts \\1             e                  •
                                                            .;a,Ted
 'iuperintendent of mine-; has placed their ,-alue                   .                 h nd .. eed from the different te-t .. ,
                                                                Weha,'eo n a                                                   ·1
 at ":IOO,OIlO,BOO.                                                             .        Sllrplu.;, Sudan .. fed that we "'II
                                                            301,0 ha,-e "lme .                                            . .
     On ac("Ount of the-e fact~ it is urged that in'                        .             Ib and white tepu)' bean~ lor
                                                            <;ell. III ~,}' per "
".tead of II. relinqui .. hment of federal contflll of
                                                            .. fed at '-IV per lb.                  ,
the intere!tb of the.. e .. am . .that CHntrul .. holiid                         "en' re.. pa·tlully,
 h. mnre rlgl Iy ext>rd't'd by the IN,'ernlllent it-
             --d                                                                       iSignedl CII \!'_ D. W    H.""•.
... elf thruugh the bureau in \r a!hington.                                                               Superintendent.


                                                                                   U,I)   E'-I'I_U\S,
 in ';d fou . mouth and .dec8}:ing tee.th partially
            1
                                                                                    'd 1   on in £"ertain
 eha ulls. dCi'idedly m children lRcrea"'e the                 "Whf nre pe(lple .. 8 1 0 m
 d' nces of calt-hing eonblgiou.;, and infection"
 a:~"he""Uch a.. ~('arlet fe\'er, diphtberia, measles        circlC":dad~"      ., tbe \\8V the\" do mono
 to u r..'ulo~is, A clean mouth will do much                    "Se('8use thai1 If" ae ahead, )i("t flf tbem
                                                             ,~     few peop e or",                     I
 h I~r~\"ent tUbercle bacilli from ~aining a foot·              ery    ,     to   I\"an..as Cih' J(1urna ,
                                                             mm·e in cm·les. -                .
   o 10 Ihe body .-H. G. Langworlhy.
426          THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL- ABOUT INDIANS

      AN EXAMPLE OF COOPERATION                    and scored . At the corn shows held over the
                                                   county last year a numbe r of Indians exhibited
Mr. C. B. Smith,                                   corn and won prizes. This past year a Winne-
       States Relations Service, U. S. D. A.,      bago boy, as a member of t he Boys' and Girls'
            Washington, D. C.                      Club Work, won a place in the countycontest
Dear Mr. Smith:                                    and also exhibited his corn a t the State Corn
                                                   Show.
  In compiling the annual report for this State
                                                     Missionary Beith, of the Omaha Agency.
I thought perhaps the following, with refer-
                                                   has been given assistance t hrough the county
enceto work done upon the Omaha and Winne-
                                                   agent in home economics work and in the or-
bago Indian Reservations and in cooperation
                                                   ganization of women's clubs.
with the superintendents and farmers of the
Indian Service, would be of special interest to      Thecounty agent has made a farm managf-
you in view or the cooperative relation in force   mentsurvey within the county including some
between the States Relation Service and the        60 farms. This work will be continued in an
Office of Indian Affairs.                          effort to determine t he factors which effect
  The two farmers of the Indian Service and        farmers' profits. The farmers are also as-
the county agents have worked cooperatively        sisted in keeping accounts of thei r farm work
in suppre::.sing and eradicating hog cholera in    and in keeping a record book which will be
Thurston county. The county agent bas fur-         summarized at the close of the year. In this
nished instruments and serum to the Service        wayan effort is being made to determine the
farmers and has given them instruction in          factors of profitableness of fa rm ing in Thurs'
proper handling of the disease. He has also        ton county. Farmers of the Indian Service
... isted them in vaccinating herds of hogs.       have asked for copies of th e record book to be
  Farmers' Institutes have been he ld at both      used among t he Indians forthat purpose. ThIS
the WinnebagoAgencyand the Omaha Agency,           seems a most importa nt typ e of work in that
at which State speakers were present to talk       it will give a funda mental basis for fu ture
on agricultural subjects. The farmers of the       improvement work most neede d in Thurston
~ndian Service were instrumental in arrang·        county.
109 for these meetings, which were attended          Previous to this year, and in accordanre
by whites and Indians alike. Two meetings          with the understanding reached with the 'u·
were held for the Indians especially, where        perintendents of both agencies, the CGunt)'
                                                                                                   n
the address of the speaker was interpreted         agent assisted a number of renters on IndlS
into the Omaha language. In addition the           land to check ditch washing and erosion of soilS.
county agent has held meetings at a nu:nber        Good work was done in tbis respect, and
of school houses. giving lantern lectures and      more could be done if time permitted and
addresses which were attended both by white        interest in soil conservation was more fully
farmers and Indian farmers.                        established .
  The county agent has assisted also with the        The county agent has given advice with
Indian affairs held on both reservations. He       regard to the best methods of sowing alfalfa
has been called upon to judge and explain          to the Indians who have called upon him at
placlngs of live stock and grains.                 his office. H e has also secured alfalfa 'ffd
  The most important corn demonstration in         for them t hough the Farmers' Exchar~'
                                                                                             lcr
the county was conducted upon Indian land           maintained by the local farmers' aEsociat
leased by William Wingett. Thisdemonstra·             The above work has been accompli,h<d
tion, now of two years duration. has been to        largely because of the amiable relatio<5 e'
show the value oi using the adopted corn.           isting between the county agent and farmer>
and .. veral field meetings have been held at       association on one hand and the superlntert"
                                                                            ,           -       the
this demonstration, when results of value could     dents and farmers of the Indian ServIce on .
beseen. SuperintendentJohnsonoftheOmaha             other hand. We feel that this relation'hl~
 Agency, as well as the farmers of the Indian       should continue because itcan only be throug
Service, were pre~ent at these field meeting~.                                               ' thln
                                                    the united action of all these fo rces WI
   Further corn demonstration work was un-          the county that agriculture can reach the
 dertaken on the farm of Joe Payer, an Indinn       highest development. In the matter of h"':
 who IS a member of the Thurston Count\'            cholera control and eradication alone, It
  Farmers' Association. At the Thursto~             necessary that cooperation exists to the     eS"
 County Fair. exhibit classes have been Opl.n       tent that every outbreak can be properlY
 to the Indians where corn has been exhibited       treated a nd sanitary precautions taken (0
           THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT INDIANS                                               427
prevent furtber spread of the disease. This          Indians is large in the county, that the Office
will necessitate close cooperation and vigilance     of Indian Affairs should have a large voice in
on the partof all concerned in tbis agricultural     the determination of a program for agriucul-
improvement work.                                    tural improvement in that county.      I do not
  There has been no conflict of advice or of         know whether an agriculturist is maintained
authority, nor can there be under the present        in the Office of Indian Affairs at Washington,
plan of work. The county agent's purpose is          but if there is, and if he should include Neb·
to lead in all forms of agricultural improve-        raska in his tours of inspection I would be
ment applicable to his county. This he does          exceedingly glad to meet with him and the
by conducting demonstrations in the best             county agent and farmers of the Indian Servo
method of growing and car ing for crops and          ice to consider a program of work which we
live stock upo n farms in the county. His de-        might carry out jointly tending towards the
demonstrations are largely with member!! of          agricu ltural betterment of Thurston county.
the local farmers' association organized to             I trust th is brief report of results accom·
cooperate with th e county agent in agricultur-      plished and the plan under which this work is
                                                     being conducted will inform)'ou of the service
al improvement work. At these demonstra-
                                                     that is being done and can be done within the
tions, which are distributed over the entire
county meetings are held at opportune times
       I                                             county.
                                                                 Yours very truly,
when some lesson can be learned by farmers
                                                                  (Signed) A. E. ANDERSON,
of the community. The county agent's work                              In Charce County Agent Work.
is instructive and largely so by demonsration                               Nebraska. U. S. D. A.
methods. Personal assistance to farmers is
also given when it is requested.
   The value of methods advocated and dem-                           800ze b Doom,d.
onstrated by the county agent can be seen by           Superintendent Frank A. \'irture, of the
all who came in contact with that work. And          Tule River Agency, at PorterSVIlle. Cali-
those methods and practices leading to more          fornia reports that there are 394 Indians
profitable farming and conservation of the           under 'his jurisdiction, and that in the vigo.r-
land, which are of county wide application,          ous pledge·signing campaign conducted tn
are given firs t attention by the county agent.      response to Indian Office circular No .. 1002,
The field meetings at these demonstration            urging the obtaining of total abstmence
 held from time to time are open to all.             pledges from th~ Indi~n.: not one of the In-
   The farmers of the Indian Ser.ice, as I           dians under his   JUTISdlctlOD    has refused to
understand it, give instruction to the Indians       sign the pledge. Two or three of them have
in methods of farm ing and also look after the       broken the pledge since taktrg It, but a most
 exe~ution of leases. The connty agent gi\<es        commendable showing has been made.
 advIce to Indians only incidentally as they           In some of these casf5, m.en ~ho ha\"e
 come to his office seeking specific assistance,     been used to drinking all their hves have
 and it is based on the poli tics of mutual under-   willingly signed the pledge, statmg that
 standing with the superintend ents and Serv-        they would have been a great deal better off
 ICe farmers.                                        if they had never seen whiskey.        .
   Since the majority of farmers on the reser·          The fina l results of thIS kind of ".ark can-
 ~atton are leasing and farming Indian lands,        not be computed. The results WIll be ."f
 It becomes important that the cooperat ion          great benefit to the Indians of that jurts·
 mentioned above be firmly established, since
                                                      diction.
 any results obtained are of mutual benefit to
 :~e Indian and the farmers. The practices               "Habits of incorrect speech are hard to
    at are adopted tending towards the more           break off-very hard. Bright boys WIll try to
 profitable production of crops and li ve stock,                           biL- Here IS a httle help.
                                                                      h ha
                                                      not f orm s u c '                         , ,
 and of conversation of the land, is of ~alue         How often one hear!', 'I didn't do nothlnJ!.
 Io the Indian's interest as well as to the white     'I didn't go no where,' or 'I didn't h,a\·e. no
 f armer.                                                     " Th k hard now! If you dId :-OOT
    The county agent, the Thurslon County             .andy.         10                  h d SOME
                                                             'NO' then yOU must have a              .
 Farmer's Association, and myself, would              h ave.j. ,                 bl h • 0' These
                                                      It is vervineorrect to dou e ten, "
 Welcome any suggestions which you can give                     - correct sentences: 'I didn't have
 Or which the Office of Indian AiIairscangive         are the , II didn't go am'\\" here, "I d·dn't
                                                              "                                  I
 towards more effective agri<ultural work for         anythmg.           .,.       .
                                                      have any candy.
 tbe county. We feel that the interest of the
428         THE INDIAN SCHOOL J OURNAL-ABOUT INDIAN
                                                       Lastly, every father should know of and
                    O
            LETTER T FATHERS                        take an active part in promoting the health
                                                    conditions in every way and give each bab~' a
      (Adapted from message sent out during the
                Pittsburg Bah)' Week I.             chance. He should insist on having a b<ller
                                                    home, a cleaner home and when in douht asto
            8\' L. F.   M 1CHHL.   Supervisor.
                                                    what he should do a!!k some who know'
      ofurther the campaign, "Save the Babies,"
T     started by Honorable Cato Sells, Com-
                                                     I nsist on good food, pure water, fresh air
                                                     and sunlight. Be good to the mother and
missioner of Indian Affairs.                         baby .
  Tradition has, in the past left all the care
of the baby to the mother. The condi tions                Quits lndiu Selvice-Will Continue Studits.
of our present day society require that, in             Tower, Minn.-Dr. Polk Richards super·
addition to providing food , shelter, and other      intendent of the Vermillion Lake Ind18n
material things, the father must share w i th        school is preparing to leave the school 10 a
the mother the responsibility for the health                ,                             .       t take
                                                     f ew days , when he will go to ChIcagof 0 the
                                                                                              I
of the baby.                                         a post graduate course. Upon comp e 109
   The following are some of the things t h at                                  .
                                                      course he will be estabhshed at W' ebag" ,
                                                                                              IOn
 he shou Id do or understand:
                                                      Nebraska.                                  d' a
   He should understand the importance of pro-           Mrs. Richards will go to Valencia In Ian ,
 spective mothers having good care and advice                      .       .      '1     h ti me as her
                                                      where she Will remaIn untl. s~c         . 0 Dr.
 at as early a period as possible so as to            husband completes his studIes 10 Chlcag . h
 protect the health of the mot her and the                                           . t dent of t ,e
                                                      O. O. Benson, former superm en
 coming baby. He should see that the mother                                    .        k from Bena,
                                                      I ndian school came th iS wee
 has adequate care during and after the birth                        ,             .      t t ke O\'er
                                                      Minn. , and is here in readIness 0 a
  of the baby, so that the mother's health may        the work as soon as Dr. RIC
                                                                                      · hards vacates.
                                                                                                .
  be continued or restored as quick Iy as pos-         -Duluth (Minn. News-Trihune.
  sible both for her own sake and that she may
  be able to give proper care to the baby.
                                                                 Conditions lmploved Oil lr.diln Reserve.
      He should know the importance of the
  mother nursing her baby. Breast-fed babies                "The beef trust cattle have all gone fro~
                                                                                     ·           no lorger SU -
  have a much greater chance of living and                the ranges and the In dtans are               . I [.V
   becoming strong, healthy children than have            fering from the stealing of their am ma~          G
   bottle-fed babies. This is so important that           these predatory in terests,"said Dr A. ~ cd:
   anything that would alter or lessen the                Beede to the Courrier-News. The la!'t er ·
   mother's milk supply. such as overwork, ex-            left in October.                  .     hru the
   citement, shock or worry. shaud be avoided.               The Indians' cattle are commg t                n
                                                                                                   ks " .,
                                                          severe winter finely, the doctor th 10 ~ b't,
                                                                                                     O



       He should know that nearly one-third of all
                                                                                       .  t manY w I
   infant deaths occur as the result of digestive         better than those belongmg 0            ,: of hav
   disturbance< brought on chiefly by faulty               men; they quite generally had plent.              .
    feeding.                                               put up and the stock is well cared for. I Iv
                                                                                                      ~
       He should know that soothing syrups are                The conditions of the I nd'tan s are • 0" - Dr
    d,ngerous, that pacifiers, are both needless           but quite perceptibly improving, ~ap· . .
                                                                                     .     h         fo r 1m'
    and injurous, that the baby needs rest and re-         Beede, and altho there IS muc room             the
    gular hours of sleeping, and should not be                                                        on _
                                                           Provement , better days have dawned fa c tor~
                                                                                                   1
    kept up late and not handled too much.                 reservation. This is due to severa            tt 'e
                                                                                                    t ca
       He should know the importance of good sur-          besides the removal of the beeftS d "I
                                                                                               ru
                                                                                                'nten en ,
     roundings to the baby. The baby needs fresh              One helpful thing is the supert . hf U,"
    air and sunlight as much as any plant. Like             Mr . C. C. Covey, who is work 109 f'I~. ~ ~
    a plant, the baby will droop and die if kept in         for the welfare of his charges and ta In
     a dark, close room, deprived of natures best           great interest in them.                      I of
      health tonics-fresh air and Sunlight.                    Violation of the laws again!'t the sa e th
                                                                                                        I'0r
        Cleanliness in and about the home is even           liquor have practically ceased on the seri-
      more important to the baby than to the adult.          Dakota side of the line. It has not been he
      Baby can not protect itself against dust. di r t,                                          . g to I
                                                            ous for a long time, largely OWln                  g
      ano flies. Flies bred in the open garbage can                                             . ed amon
                                                            church temperance society orgamz                   a
      or in the rubbish heap in the yard may carr y          the Indians themselves. They have tak e      e""
      germs to the baby's mouth and cause diarrhea           great interest in this phase of moral wei ar .
      or other diseases.                                     -Fargo (N. D.) News.
            THE NDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL- ABOUT INDIANS                                                          429

      INDIANS AND THE INITIATIVE                         cepted, of course, and appeared on ti me at 7:30
                                                         at the cottage, dressed in white. The electric
          From the Eufaula (Ok1&.) Indian Journal        lights had been turned out and cand les burned .
A       ~ event took place at tbe Eulaula Board·
                                                         Nancy was at the door dressed modestly in uoi-
         mg bool on the e\'ening of Feb. ~nd form skirt and white shirt, to receh'e her guests.
that was a revelation to the entire faculty and She then turned on the electric lighu, blew out
the old members oftbe "tudent body. Nancy the candles a nd as the older guests appeared,
Jacobs, a full·blood Creek, in the 5th grade and met them graciously and accepted their g reet-
14 years of age, went to ~Ii ~ Campbell's room, ings just ~ tho she had been used to giving
handed. her a list of names and requested that bi rthday parti es all her life. Games were play-
                                                          ed, stories told and a general informal tim e made
she be allowed to en tertain her friends on her
birthday. The list contained the names of the time pass all too q uick ly. :-;ancy was observed
 Fifth and Sixth grades-about twenty ch ildren to be ever on the ale rt in the interest of lhose
                                                                                      she had fa\'ored, At
 With her teacher, l\1is~
                                                                                      about 9:30 the ice cream
 :\Iorley j her Domestic
                                                                                      "you could cut," with
      'enet: teacher, 1\Ii ....
                                                                                      cake wa;; .. en'ed. Pret·
 Sorthington j l\I~s Pope,
                                                                                      ty napkins with cherry
 her last year's teacher,
                                                                                      dr-!'ign made the spread
 and Mrs. Ch~hiret a
                                                                                      more attrarth·e. We
 guest at the school.
                                                                                      asked the girls to sing in
 After questioning the
                                                                                      Creek for us and they
 girl and telling her we
                                                                                       enterea ioto the .. pirit of
 could possibly manage
                                                                                       the song in their home
 it, she told freely what
                                                                                       tongue, We all stood
 she had silently plan ned.
                                                                                       a nd joined in making
 The refreshments were
                                                                                       t he walls ring with
 to be ice cream and                                                                   "America," which com-
 cake, (Sbe slated that                                                                pleted the e\'ent proper-
 'he wanted the kind 01                                                                1\.. :-;ancy lIlOk her
                                                                                                       door e~ily
 cream that vou can
                                                                                       plate at   the
  "cut.. ). She ~bo start-                                                             and recei.ed the word~
  led )liss Campbell bl'                                                               of appreciation fwm her
  ~riog .. he wanted flo~­                                                             g-uest!'. with the grace of
  e~. Her colors were                                                                   an Indian prim'~'"
  plok, white and red - it                                                                 We sO rr-gretted that
  Was explained to her that                                                             )Irs. Jacnb~ waS nl.t pre-
  We hardly thought pink                                                               sent. but we know ~he
  Would work 'Gel! \Ii ith                                                    "         got it in detail from her
  her pt"
    .       a nollc decora-              NANCY JACOBS, "The Littl(> H03tes5..           bright dau~hter. The
  hon~ and s heehmmated
        .,             "
                                                           old ladv wanted to knllw the costs of .. ucb an
  th.t color an d d oubled her order for red. Tbe
    I                                                      affair ~nd was told that ' ~. jO represented the
  p ace selected for thi> party was the Domestic
  alllence Cottage-a II had been thought out an d expenditur~.                                    ,.'
                                                             This is the first time in the writer s,e:sperle~c,e
    h We had to do was ttl follow directions, and
                                                           with Indians to k now of a child takl,n g the 101-
  ~ e proved a stern little dictator.                       ,.'                Jr'  I t his kind, It IS ID(lst en-
       Xancy ""id th a t on a certam day her mother tlat1\'e to an auatr 0 dead)· to help 0 thel''
                                     '
                                                                                   ta
  W{,uld COm eaod glVe her the money for the ex- couraging and we s n r the reque;t ' de.
                          '                                                      ,    h                    IS rna
  t ""-the                                                 alo o the ..arne IIDe w en                            .
  daug          rno tb er came as stated and gave her      D ~T n Cleave, the Go\'ernment ~re Spe~lal-
   both hter ,.10.00 to make her and ber friends,            r. 8           S      "n Xurse )I~!I CunnlDg-
                                                           ist, and the Upervl'l g . . . '               this occa-
           large and ,mail, happy, Witb such an                      , ed ~an(')T's h ... pltahty on
   atnount of mooey to work with and seeing that ham. enJoy -
   th I
   bus' d Ind'Ian mother aod the girl really meant sian.
       eo
       Sloes", we got our forces together decorated                          ,      'th c;;('hool dental cliniC5" has
   th e cottag                                ,               "Th e experience WI .. "i1\-, In no hranch a I
                                                                                 '
   th t r , e, and. put 00 the finishing touches for
   chased . Dam t y Iittle im'itatioDs were pur-
       e auan          '                                   demon!ltra~ed their ne~·d~isive r~ull:; obtained
                                                           publiC hygiene are s~c                 .,
   dressed. ~d taken around by a little messenger with .. uch relati\'e1y .. mall cost.
              ID the scbool uniform. Tbey all ac-
430            THE NDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL- ABOUT INDIANS
 FULLBLOOD INDIAN TO TELL H TO
                           OW                                it being alleged that they were not legally mem-
                                                             bers of ~lin n esota band of t he Chippewa tribe,
                   MIX CEMENT                                hence had no rights on the reserva tion.
                                                                 The su"pension included the members of two
             Fror th« Omaha tNeb.l Bee.
                                                             of the most prominent famil ies on the resena-

T     \-I E following clipping     ",nt to
      the JOCRS.u by jlr..Jno. jL Com-
                                        Wa,s
                                                             tion, the Fairbanks and Beaulea us, and wa .. the
                                                             cau.. e of no little excitement and hard feeling"
mons with this comment:                                      among the different factions of th e res ervation.
   "The cl'oaker, 'ay it is no use to edu-                        The case was carried into the federal courb.
e"te the Indinn. You can't make any-                         and finally refer red back to t he Secretary of the
thing out of him, \-low does this look?"                      Interior, the courts holding t ha t it properly was
                                                             a matter to be determined by that Department.
   What would Simon Redbird'-; grandfather .. ay?
                                                             Tho .. e who have been cognizant of the case hare
  Simon is a full blooded Ottawa Indian, a g-reat
                                                              been confident that tho~e ~U5pended would ulti-
beUe\"er in concrete con"trudion, !bing it ex-
                                                              mately succeed in their effort to e nrollm ent, and
len .. i\"ely in hi .. work 3-; supervisor of con ..truc-
                                                              the recent fa,'arable decision of t he Secretary of
tion at the Genf):t, Indian .. chool at Genoa, ~eb­
                                                              the Interior, from which there is no appeal. has
raska. Simon Redbird is to be in Omaha this
                                                              -..et the matter at re4, and t hose suspended hare
week to address the :\lid-We.. t Cement l\er's
                                                              been instructed to make applicat ion for all back
8550(..'iatioo in com"ention at the Rome.
                                                              payments due them.-The Flandrea u Review.
   J\g:t.in, what would Simon'" grandfather say
to hear his descendant discussing "('nncrete
mixers, strain, pre.... ure, con"i,;teocy, resistance,                 Indians Lose Fu.r of Photographer.
and adamantine durability~"                                       .\rizona Indians no longer refra in fr om h;l\'ing'
  ''Cgh" b what the grandfather would prob.                  their pictures taken-not if t here is any money in
ably say.                                                    , ight.
  For here b a grand ... on with a ~tarched collar                A year ago I ndians on the Fort McDowell
who !'hould be snuggled in a bear skin collar.               resen'ation, forty miles northeast of Phoenix.
Here is a grandson we:uing a derby who .. hould              almost went crazy when they saw a ph otogra-
be wearing a war bonnet. Here is a grandson                  pher drh'e up or even when they caught a
waring a smart brown leather belt with siiYer                glimpse of anything that looked l ike a camera.
bUfkle when he "hflUld be wearing a dOf( ... kin                  Today it is different. In a yea r' s time the'-t
belt dangling heayy with scalp ....                           Indians have changed and now are pedectly
         n
  "t:gb is what the /l'randrather would say.                 willing to have their pictures snapped jf they
For here is a grand",!)" shonting into the hungry             are paid for it.
jaW's £If concrete mixers whole tons !If rru.. hed                 A brightly dressed squaw sat beside a wickiup
Hint that would have made the fine-t arr(l\t' heads           ,-esterday. Three little Indian gi rl s were play-
in the world.                                                ing      a "hort distance away from t he squaw Ilnd
      Simon Redbird i~ a gradude of Haskell I n .. ti-       ",·lose to the drivewa-r.
tute, a praC"tit'ing archite(,t. in .. tructor in rar-             A pbotographer "a lighted and prepared to
pentry. :'llpeni'Of (If c(ln~truction at the l" oited         snap the little "Injun,," _ The old squaw ~et up



                                                                                                                           I
States Indian ,,<,hoot at Genoa, and now a mem-               ;l terrible commotinn and her babies flew to her
her of the :\Jirl-West Cement ["e1"'5' a..... ')('iatiull.    ..ide. But it wa" not because she was .. upe r-
      :\Ir. Redbird drew the plan .. u"ed at the Genna        .. tit inn .. any longer of ha'fing pictures laken.
 l~ia_1l ,,('bool in the cl)n ...truction r.f the laundry          The --quaw wanted money firs t. E"ideDt1y
hUlldlOg' co .. tin~ ....>.000. the dairy barn costing        ..he had been awa\' to <it'hool ;od wa.." pretty well
.... ~.~. the domt .. tic SCience building and the                                   •                       .     od
                                                              educated, for she ~poke good Enghsh a
Jrlrb laboratory. In priute practice he has                   !Ohouted to the phntograper "Can 't get pid~e
 ;lbo drawn plan .. for some exten .. j,Ye building'          unless you give children money. Children like
m the state.
                                                              tHoneyas well as grown up people."
   On Wedne~aYI ~lar('h 1. '\lr. Redbird is to
                                                                   The ..quaw was a"'sured that th e y would be
!'peak to the cement men at the RlJme hntel on
                                                               paid and she immediately ordered her liutle
")Iy E.xperience With Con('rete Collstrudion."                                                                    ....:;
                                                               (.nes bac k to the road, where the p ic t ure
                                                               taken .-Phoenix (Ariz.) Gazette.
              Miud Bloods Rights Restored.
 l" nder the admini:;tratinn (If Commh"ioner                    UThere is no doubt that the development (If
Valentine eighty-six members of the Whit
                                                              tuberculosis is favored to a la rge extent by J
Earth Chippewas were suspended from the rolls:
                                                              bad condition of the teeth."
  1r     0i
                    "               "              ,,![3 E1a '      "               "              " 'EI'1I

 I In and Out of the Indian Service ~
  m Il.IC!          THIS DEPARnIE~T IS OPE~ FOR CO:\TRIIlL"TIO:\S CO~- ~                                       m
  o 2nJ               CER~ I :\G THE I:\DI.\:\ A~D H IS PROGHESS E\'ERYWHERE 2I1J                              EI
 LElI "                             "              " 'a Ela l        "              "              "'O.J
                     To Build Indian Hospital.                           Improv(1ll"ts at Indian Ag""l"
  Iowa City.-Jesse W. ~cCunne, an Iowa                       Gallup, N. ~I.-Improvemenls initiated at
City architect and builder, has been awarded               the Tohatchi Indian school are heing pressed
a contract by the United State government                  rapidly, according to Joseph Norman, princi-
to erect a hospital for Indian, at Concho,                 pal. The telephone line which is to connect
Okla., and has gone there to build the struc-              the school with Crownpoint is completed as
ture.-Ottomwa (ia.) Courier.                               far as Togay Springs and aD appropriation for
                                                           the hospital soon to be built has heen made.
                    Ontid~ go in for Dairyil::g.
                                                           A contract for construction of the commis-
                                                           sary building was signed here hy Mr. Nor-
  Depere. - A new $6,500 dairy barn has been               man.-Albuquerque (N. M.) Journal.
built at the Indian school on the Oneida reser-
vation. Congress will be asked for $10,000                                  Indiau PUfUs EntaWu.
WIth which to purchase pure bred stock for
the school farm. Congress als0will be asked                  Klamath Falls, Ore. - The Ind ian pupils of
to appropriate $30,000 for new buildings at                the Modoc Point Day School, on Ihe Klamath
the school. -Evansville (Wis.) Review.                     reservation about 25 miles north of this city,
                                                           entertained 30 people on Washington's birlh-
                  "'diaD School Deed.                      day
                                                             Patrons of the school gathered for many
      A deed transferring land upon which it is            miles around to enjoy the exercises, both lit-
proposed to erect the Roe Indian institute                 erary and musical . The programme was.g(l~d
Was recorded in the office of H. I. lIerrill,              and the efforts of the youngsters to assist !n
r .
 eglster of deeds, yesterday afternoon.                    celebrating the birthday of the counlry s
Wallace ~cGinnis and wife deeded to the in-                father were heartily applauded.
stitut e the southeast quarter of the south-
wr""t quarter of section 2. town,hip 27. south                     IDdians &iug Gi",. !W1y Opportuniti...
Orange 1 east. The deal involved $14,000.
-WIchita (Kans.) Eagle.                                        Indian:- in the United States a~egi\'en more
                                                                        -II'e- and are being assisted more at
                                                           oppor t um >                                         -I
            InJian Agents in Stnsational Haul.             pre~ent than ever before. accordipg.to,McGI I
   Ch IS haIm, lImn.-Ind ian A;:-ents Bens()n
                    '                                      Conner, superintendent at large of l~rI~at on
                                                           of Indian lands, who is in Salt Lake CIt) after
and Ellis made a sensational haul of liquor
toters In t 0 d ry country on the road near here
          .                                                attending to special bu~iness on the Indian
be
                                                           re.. ervations in Idaho.
   tween Buhl and Chisholm about 3 o'clock                     -           1-     f the deparlmEnt has loog
thIS mor DIng wh en they took three men mto
             .                                   -             . 'The po ICY 0                ,       . . . . 'bl
                                                                            • t the Indian o In ever) PO-,I e
CU'tod" an d confiscated their teams and a
I        ~                            -                    been to aSSlS           ake the ~best of their al1ot-
 a~ge amount of liquor. Charles Johnson'S                  way to learn to m
                                                                   - .. said ~Ir. Conner.
                                                                                                "Under the pre-
w ole outfit and himself were taken includ-                men t :-. d·t"on there i~ nO rea~(ln "h\' everl-
                                                                                                        -
Ing h'                                         ,           sent con I I                   . ht not be cCimfort-
       IS horses. His sled was loaded with
                                                           Indian in the country .ml~ the department
  O


th trty c
    -       ases of beer and five gallons of                   l     Ever\" actl\iJt} a
whIskey . Th e names of the two other men
tak                                                        ab e.            .          fficiency and more ex·
     en were not given out up to noon, but
from one
                                                           tends toward mo~e         :ed   man of the resen:a-
g II         was secured a team and sled, forty            tensIVe help to t e h' _ -tate mav "ell be
                                                             .        The work ID t I:, l:i          -
o~ w'h k beer and ten ten-gallon demijohns
      ns Of                                                tlOns.· .           he best done on the re:;en'a-
        IS    ey.                                          ranked WIth t                   'ome reports place
                                                                    of other ~tates.
i A~ three were taken to Virgmia for a hear-
                                                             ,                                                   ,.
                                                           tlOns            'U h head of that elsewhere.
;g . efore United States Commissioner Otto                 the success ID ta a                .
                                                           -Salt Lake City (l,;tab) Trtbune.
 Otner.-Duluth (~inn.) Herald.
432          THE NDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT INDIANS
             Field Clerk Mom Office.                             Se,k Chang' for Sells.
   Afton , Okla. -0. K. Chandler, field clerk       There is nearly always a tendency when a
for the Indian office at Muskogee has moved man has made a good record in one official
his office from Jay, in Delaware county, position to seek to change him to another
to Salina which is in the eastern part of place, supposed to be higher in the scale of
Mayes county . The reason given forremoval honors and emoluments, but which may be
of the office from the county seat and into unlike, in duties and opportunities, tbe place
another county also, was that tbe mail in which fame was gained through under·
service was poor at Jay. Although Jay is standing and good works. This refleclion i;
the c,unty seat it is eight miles inland from caused by the anxiety of various persons to
a rai lroad -Daily Oklahoman.                     have Hon. Cato Sells promoted from Com·
                                                 missioner of Indian Affairs to a cabinet
          No Firewa.ter OD Colville ReservaUon.  position, if, in the filling of the vacancy in
                                                 the Department of War, either Secretary
   The following is an extract from the Laneor Secretary Houston should be changed.
"Spokesman·Review" :                               That Cato Sells might become an excellent
   "Firewater, the curse of the redman. is now Secretary of the In terior or Secretary of
sought after in vain by the Indians of this Agricullure is admitted. He is able, con·
vicinity. At least the records of the federal scientiOllS, and industrious. As secretar) t,e
court indicate that the Colville rese"ation is would have a large salary and take some-
probably the dryest spot in the wbole dry what bigher rank in politics and society.
state of Washington. Not an arrest for sell- This is not the question. All these years the
in~ liquor to Indians or introducing it onto a   Indians have waited for a Cato Sells and they
reservation has been made by the federal need him. It is a far cry from the border
authorities since the first of the year.         ruffian yell of only thirty years ago, "kill the
   Un less ~ome arrest for one of these offenses nits; they make lice," when Indian women
is made in the next three or four weeks the and children were slaughtered in the wars
April session of the grand jury will present that were in most cases atrocities, to the
a condition hitherto unknown in the history
                                                   pleadings of Cato Sells for the life of the
of the federal court-a criminal docket with        papoose and for humane attention for the
no bootlegging case. In the past every            Indian mother. Cato Sells stands like Saul
session has had to deal with from 15 to 20
                                                  among other Commissioners of Indian Affairs
'liquor to Indians' cases."
                                                  -above their heads from his shoulders up.
                                                  Better that he should be the savior of a race
              Indians aDd Bird Lor<.              than the holder of an office. His appointment
  At Everett, Washington, a bird-house ex-        appears to have been an inspiration. In every
hibit was held recently at wbich 7. bird-         fiber he feels himself the brother of the tEd
houses were exhibited. Dr. C. M. Bucbanan,        man-his responsible keeper. His solicitude
superintendent of the Tolalip Indian School       is not assumed. In his belief the humblest
and reservation sent the JOURNAL the fol-         tepee is a home to be improved-the pagan
lowing clipping from the Everett Herald,          child is being carefully reared and trained as
which regards one of his students and his         a citizen. As Commissioner of Indian Affalfs
entry at tbe exhibit:                             at this time Cato Sells will be remembered
                                                  When hundreds of cabinet members have been
   "Willie Jimicum, Indian boy of the Tula-
                                                  forgotten. His is a noble work. The cabinet
lip Indian reservation. This boy sent in one
                                                  position is only. at usual times, an honorable
of the finest specimens of a rustic bird-house
                                                  position. Cato Sells in his place is a builder,
in the entire exhibit. Willie certainl. did a
splendid job on this house and recei\-~ spec-     a creator. In the cabinet he would be only a
                                                  conservator. Do not take from the Indian
ial mention. He gets one of the finest pock-      the truest brother and the greatest frien)    d
et knives in stock and his house will he re-      they have ever had.-Cedar Rapids (Iowa
turned to him in good condition. Here is an       Gazette.
Indian boy that has the white boys beaten a
                                                              FOLLOWING THE STOHY.
mile at their own game. Tbe roof 011 this
                                                  . "The doctor !Oays I mustn't look at roovio¥
house was marked excellent and ..... the         pl~ures until my eyes get better."
very best that was seen at the show. Willie          Then why do you still go~"
is only II years old ...                                                      .
                                                    "Ob I can tell wbat is going on by the rnu-~
                                                      .. .                                     ·ic
                                                 the planLSt thumps out."
             THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT INDIANS                                                 433
      Govrrn m~nt to (ompldc Telephone Unc from                Indian Students fay Their Rtsptels.
                fl,,,uff 10 Toba City.                  Packing the auditorium of the Cushman
    Flagstaff.-As one result of the recent           trades school, facu lty and students yester·
  threatened uprising among the Navajo In·           day afternoon paid tribute to Instructor
 dians, the government has taken steps to            James P. Bales, whose funeral was held at
 immediately complete the telephone line from        1 :00 0' clock. A profusion of flowers express·
  this place to Tuba City. Bids on poles andon       ed their appreciation of a man who was one
 the work of stringing wires have been called        of the most popular teachers at the Indian
 for. The line, whic h will he 40 miles long         school.
 when completed, was started last summer,               The students appeared in uniform. March·
 but the Navajos who were doing the work             ing from the school to the street to meet Ihe
 soon got tired. - Chicago (III. ) Tribune.          hearse, they opened ranks, and the body was
                                                     borne between the lines of boys. The same
         No Commencement . 1 Indian School.
                         1                           drill was given after the services. The
   There will be no commencement week ob-            Masonic order was in charge. The body was
servedat the Ca rlisle Indian school this year,      placed in the Tacoma mausoleum.-Tacoma
accordmg to a recent announcement at the             (Wash.) Leader.
seh?,,1. The students will observe closing ex·
erclSes but these exercises will all be inform·              Impr",","'I' al fori Bdkoap S<hooI.
al. Change in the course of study the fact             Harlem. - Jewell D. Martin, superinten·
that some of the students are em'ployed in           dent of the Fort Belknap Indian agency, has
mdustrial plan ts and because the school of·         just received word from the Indian depart·
fi'l S and the students do not have time to
 Cia                                                 ment in Washington that extensive improve-
prepare for a formal commencement arc                ments estimated in the neighborhood of
among the reasons given for abandoning the           $25,000 are to be made on the Indian sc.hool at
long standing practice.-~Harrisburg (Pa.)            the agency, three miles south of thiS city.
Independent.                                         The improvements will consist of a central
                                                     heat ing and lighting plant and a steam laun·
               All .. Thirly·lhree y,.r~             dry, brick quarters for the employes and sew·
   .The Carlisle Ind ian Sohool has jus t now a      er extension.-Helena (Mont.) Record.
 VISitor of interest. He is Edgar Fire Thun.
der, a prominen t Sioux Indian of Pine Ridge                   Mail Smicc Sooo to lodian Oasis.
~gency, S. Dak. Edgar is a former pupi l at             The contract for carrying themai l between
   arhsle, having been one of tlie first s tudents   Tucson and Indian Oasis has been awarded to
to enter th' . . way back in 1879, and
 h           e institution                           Williard Wright, of Tucson. according to a no-
   e was here for four years. He is now a            tification received yesterday from the fourth
~osP~rous farmer and a man of middle age.            assistant postmaster general by local postal
tor. FlTe Thunder has just been to Washing.          officials.                              . t b .
S n, D. C., on important business with Uncle            Service on the new star route IS 0 egm
fi am pertaining to his t ri be, and t his is his    Saturday, March 4, the .. hedule to be ob·
'J3rst tTiP to his al ma mater since he left it      served being as follows:              "
    years ago.                                          Leave Tucson every Saturday 1:00 a. m.
It! In conversa t"Ion wl tb a Sentmel reporter,
        .                         .                     Arrive Indian Oasis 12:30 p. m.
   . r.. FlTe Thunder told of his in timate asso.       Leave Indian Oasis 1:30 p. m.           .
               'th
Clatlons W General Pratt, the late Capt.                Arrive Tucson 7:30 p. m., same da}.          .
A. J . St I d'            .                            The scheduled length of the new route IS
 ltIi C an 109, MIss E ly. Miss Burgess,
                                                         _p '" 1      As it passes a number of mloes
    :: utter, and people in the town.                63 . /0 ml es.      . rocess of deve Iopmen t •
 th ;. FlTe Thunder will see many changes at         which are now In Ph .            ...iII be greatly
lef: t~dlan school and in t he town since he         the workers at sue mIOes                 .    .
                                                     b fited by baving a regular ~all serVice.
Pus h em. While t he plan of the school cam·
                                                      ~:econtractor on such a route 15 reqUIred to
ne" :s.~hanged little, be will note numerous         T            '1 f r points along the road trav·
his Vi~:tdmgs. A ra ther pathetic feature of         handle mal 0
Perso . "iii be the fact that not a single           ers"'! by the t~U~~~t a contract route will be
"h nblS at the school now who was here                 It IS e<pee       Xavier shortly, as bids for
      en e w
of G            as a student, witb the exception     estabhshed toSan       ed in Washington last
superco;ge FO      Ulk, the t rustworthy colored     such route were open
                                                                    cson (Ariz.) Star.
         In enden t of s tables.-CarlisleSentinel.   Tues day.- Tu
434         THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL- ABOUT INDIANS
          Old Indian Chief tn be lIonored.          The supervisor has not yet been named.
  Grayling, Michigan.-Shoppenagon's Inn-          - Muskogee \ Okla.) Democrat.
that is the name finally adopted for our new
hotel. This is in memory of the old Indian                         Indians as Citizens.
chief, David Shoppenagon, who was a char-
                                                      May fifth is the date set by the govern·
acter in the growth and development of
                                                  ment for granting of patents to land and
Grayling. He died Christmas day, 1911, at
                                                  ci tizenship papers to lhose Indians on the
the age of about 103 years. He was a noble
                                                  Standing Rock reservation who are capable
character of his race and volumes could easily
                                                  of conducting their own affairs in a way
be wr itten concerning him and some of his
                                                  satisfactory to the government.           Of lat,
experiences.-Bay City (Mich. ) Times.
                                                  years the eagerness to avail themselves
                                                  of this great privilege has made the In·
      2,000 More Cattle for Indian Reservation.   dians of this state anxious to meet the gov-
  Forest City.-The government is now mak-         ernment's demands, and in consequence one
ing arrangements for placing 2,000 more head      now sees shacks and houses of good sub-
of cattle on the reservation shortly on the re-   stantial build, well cared for plots of ground,
imbursable plan.                                  cattle and horses taken care of in better
  This i. the re.ult of the most satisfactory     shape, and some systematic and ~orwa.rd
reports sent in from the reservation as to        looking management and system in financIal
the care the Indians have given the cattle        affairs of the family. The hand to mouth ' x·
furnished them by the government under this       istence is rapidly giving way to defiDlte
plan last summer. The cattle are receiving        settlement and improvement. - Watertown
the best of attention and care throughout         (S. D.) Opinion.
the winter.-Aberdeen (S. D.) American.
                                                                    Indian Rights Defined.
          Expert to Plan Indians' Houses.            Olyruphia, \Vash.-The Supreme Court ~~
  Indian Superintendent Gabe E. Parker re-        handed down two important decisions affect, ~g
cently received authority from the depart-        the rights of Indians under treaties made 10
ment to employ a supervisor of construction       1859, which the Indians asserted gave them the
at a salary of $1,400, whose duty it will be to   right to "fish in their accustomed places."
draw plans and specifications for houses.            The Supreme Court, affirming the Whatco ro
barns and other buildings for Indians who         County Superior Court in the case of the :st. te
build on their homesteads. His work applies       again~t John Alexis a Lummi Indian, aDd
only to restricted Indians.                       rever~ing the Benton' County Superior Court in
  The plan of the government is to remove         the case of the state against Alec ToweS5Du~e .
the restrictions on part of an Indian '8 land,    a Yakima Indian, said the state had poh.ce
sell the land and with the proceeds erect a                                                    ·trlct
                                                  POWer grante d under the enabling act to res .
building for a permanent home. This plan          fishing rights of both whites and Indians, and In
has been carried out in the past, but hereto-     spite of the treaty, both are to be considered on
fore the building was supervised by field         the snme basis, excepting insofar as Indians bare
agents. Mr. Parker, while in Washi.gton re-       exclu"i\re rights on their reserntioD5.        .
cently, asked that he be permitted to appoint        Alexis and Towessnute were charged with~h'
a practical builder. Hereafter the Indian                      .
                                                  in g nif th elrreservations without compI ' \.Ith
                                                                                           flog
will have his plans drawn by the Government       shlte regul:ttions.-Portland (Ore. Oregonian.
man, and the building will be supervised by
hl~ untJllt IS completed. In this way, it is                    Indians On Farming.
pOinted out, the local Indian office will save
                                                   _Lapwai, Idaho. _ Indians to the Dumber o~
considerable money in time as well ns on
materials.                                        1'0 gathered here today to attend the sesSlOn -
 "With a practical man in charge of this
                                                  arranged for the discussion of farming,       r:u:t
                                                  growing, stock raising and horne economIC ..
work we should get better buildings at a
                                                    The latter SUbject ~as of special inter~'t
lower cost," said Parker.       "When nn Indian
                                                  to the Indian women and a separate D1eetm~
builds, he will be urged to erect a home that
                                                  was arranged for them
IS warm and comfortable, and the throwing           T'                    .                   W
together of cheap board shacks on stilts will     . he Indians and their women are keeD .
be discouraged.                                   ~nterested in the work undertaken in their b~
                                                   aJf and the Speakers today were questlOD
           THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT INDIANS                                                   435

and o[ten the discussions almost assumed the         of the Indian department at the present time
proportions of arguments when the ideas ad-          is to give the Indians assistance along lines
vanced did not conform to the experiences            that will ultimately lead them to a state of
of the Indians.                                      self-support and giving them the best breeds
    The meeting for the men was held in the lo-      of cattle is believed to be one of the best means
                                                     of reaching that end, putting the matter in
cal theater huilding and was addressed by J.
J. Swartz director of farming and fruit grow-        the way it was recently stated by one of the
Ing for the Indians; Prof. Robb of the Univer-       department officials.
                                                        From the speCifications forlhe animals it is
sity ofIdaho, and Jacob Maxell. At t he same
                                                     observed that the department proposes to gtt
timea meeting was held for the Indian women
                                                     qual ity stock. It makes it a pre.requisite
at the home of Miss Mazie Crawford where
 Dr. W. P. H. Haple, agency physicia~, gave
                                                     that the animals be of satisfactory type,
                                                     colors, and conformation, free from defects
an address on the care of babies and the dis-
                                                     and deformities that will injure them for
eases of children. Miss C. W. Paulding gov-
                                                     breeding purposes. The heifers must have
ernment field matron, discussed the question
                                                      a certain amount of Hereford blood without
of the care of food and why the strictest at-
                                                      any trace of dairy or Spanish stock, and te-
 tention to sanitation should be given. Mrs.
                                                      tween 15 months and three years of age.
Theodore Sharp told the Indian women whv              The bulls desired are pure bred two-year· old
they should can vege tables and meats and
                                                      Herefords; seven-eights Hereford blood, two
 gave a demonstration of how the work is
                                                      years old; pure bred Hereford" J months
handled so the best results are attained.
                                                      old and seven-eights blood of the same age.
    In the afternoon a joint meeting for the          There is a certain number of Durham bulls
 Indians and their women was held and this            wanted also.-Great Falls (Mont. ) Tribune.
 was addressed by Professor Hickman of the
 University of Idaho, who discussed the grow-
                                                            The Government's Exhibit at S<n Di,go.
 Ing of alfalfa, field peas and wheat and why
 the rotation of crops is beneficial to the land.       The Sacramento building contains the dis-
    Prof. Robb discussed at this session the         plays of the treasury, war, navy and interior
 various types of cattle, hogs and horses and        departments. Here one can see the e.du-
 SOld the best results are attained when special     cational exhibits of the public health serVice,
           . .
 attenfIon IS given to the selection of the breed-
  .                                                  showing the modes and manner of pre'fenting
Ing animals.                                         the spread of contagious diseases; models of
  Meetings will be held at Stites Kookia a nd        ve--els and equipmentsof the coast guard and
                                 '
d Iah at an early date and the Indians to-
Kam·                                                 naval establishments, heavy artillery and
fay asked that another meeting be arranged           other equipment of the army; and the fruit,
borhLapwal. It is probable this meeting wiII         of the efforts of the Bureau of Indian AffairS
 e eld on March 11.                                  to educate the American Indian.
thRov . ClOnor presided over the meeting in              This latter display is expected to be one of
  e theater bUilding. - Lewiston(Idaho) Trib-        the mo<t popular in the building. Here is the
une.                                                 concrete evidence that the estabhshment of
                                                     the Indian schools throughout the countr)
            Gdting utile lor th, Inli>.ns.            has not been in vain. Thege schools have
                                                     not furnished the customary blankets s~ corn-
 ,.:ore than 5,500 head of cattle and between         man in Indian exhibits, but have handlw~rk
 f and 61JO head of horses have been called                               and leather of a superior
 Co to be fur· hed on sealed propo~als to the
  or, ' .       ms                                    osee. wood .
                                                        f t I
                                                      quality of workmanship. The Lawrence,
    mmlSSloner of Indian affairs for distribution     ,_      I dian <chool exhibits metal. wood, and
 ~m'}ng the Indians on reservations all the waf       "an., n        -             I    d h Ch ·Iocco
                                                      leather products; theCarlis ean t e l _ '
 ~o; the Canadian line south of the ~Iexica~          Okl schools are displaYIng some fine ,hop-
 t r er. Advertisements have been placed              wor~"~rtic1e!'; while the Pitt River Indians
  Oh attract bids from the stockmen throughout        of the Fort Bidwell,chool offer unusual bead
 t e we~t .
 bl
    e.
         ' 10 order to get the best stock possi-      work for public in::-pE'ctio n. LaJ1!e sll~er
                                                          .          ttest the athletic prowess of the
    CommisSioner of Indian Affairs Cato Sells         10vIOg cups a d d
 bas ch rge                                           Indians.. One cup on exhibition was awar e.
 for tb:    of tbe work of getting the stock          t the Fort Sill school (or the best a"n-
 th      Indians, and he makes it clear that            o      I _.'uct· displa\·ed at a state falr.-
   e commissioner is desirous of getting on)" a       cultura pruu:,             .
 V eryh·h                                   -          San Diego Sun.
        Ig grade of livestock. The attitude
436        THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT INDIANS
            A Change at Whitt Earth.                   Papag-a Indians arr Urgrd to Entrr thr Arizona
  John H. Hinton, the newly appointed dis·                             Law Custom.
bursing agent arrived yesterday and took             Tucson, Ariz.-As the beginning of the
over his duties at once. John R. Howard,           movement to induce Indians to give up their
the retJring official, has been appointed super-   triba l cusloms and be married in the regular
visor in the Indian Service.-Duluth (Minn.)        legal manner, Superintendent Henry Mc·
Herald.                                            Quigg, of the San Xavier agency, has issued
                                                   a circular letter which is being sent to all
                                                   Papagoes requesting that in the futu re all
               A Pioneer Worker.
                                                   Indians contracting matrimony be married
    A number of the Sherman employees were         in accordance with the laws of Arizona.
 treated to a very pleasant surprise when            This is urged especially upon the younger
 Miss M. Burgess stopped over this week for        Indians and those who have come back from
a shorl visit at the school. Miss Burgess ar.      school.
 rived in the evening but immedialely started        The campaign undertaken by Superinten-
 out 10 look up her kinsfolk.                      dent McQuigg is the outgrowth of the case
    Mr. Lubo answered the knock at his door        of Louis Adams, who was recently tried on
and graciously ushered the visitor into the        a charge of adultry in tbe superior court.
 partor opening off the screen porcb.              The woman in the case had been mamed
    "Mr. Lubo, this lady would like to see         and divorced several times, and tbe facl
 Mrs. Lubo, n I said.                              brought up some knotty legal problems in
    Mrs. Lubo nee Annie Morton, entered the        the case, wh ich is still pending. If lbe prac-
room and with an exclamation of "Why,              tice of legal marriage is followed by the I?-
 Auntie Burgess!" bridged the twelve inter-        dians, it will greatly simplify sucb cases '"
 vening years since they had last met. After       the fu ture.
 a half hour spent in mutual reminisce, Miss                     Rn.~ FOR WEDDlXGS.
  Burgess bade both husband and wife good-            The letter is as follows:
 night with the promise to call on the morrow.        All Indians who contemplate mamag e are .     .
    The next stop was at the residence of Mr.      instructed to enter the marriage state 10
 and Mrs. Sehotder, here as at Mrs. Lubo's,        accordance with the laws of the State 01
 the time was spent in pleasant converse.          Arizona and the approved federal regula·
  Both Mr. and Mrs. Scholder and their inter.      tions.
 esting family of two handsome boys were a            Marriage by "Indian Custom" is not a pro-
 ~ource of pride to Miss Burgess. She smil.        per form in this enlightened period.
 IDgty IDformedchubby little Joe, Jr., that his       Indians should procure license to marry,
 gra~dmOlher and grandfather were coming           and be legally married by a justice of tbe
 to v,s,t them on Thursday, much to the delight    peace, preacher, priest, or by the superJD-
 of the whole family.
                                                   tendent of San Xavier agency.
    Miss Burgess returned to cottage No.1 af-         The practice of marrying by Ind· n cus- .. .
 ter having breathed the familiar atmosphere       tom, especially by the younger generatIOn
 of the printing office at the earnest solicita-   and returned students, cannot be too strong-
 tIOn of ye scribe. The next day she visited       ly deplored. It is expected that the mo~e
 all of the different departments and in the       progressive Indians will set a good elamp e
evemng accOmpanied Mr. and Mrs. Conser to          by contracting marriage according to th~
 the Orange Show.
                                                   best white man's way, and it is hoped a'~h
    Miss M. Burgess Was among the pioneer          requested that old and young do away W'
 workers of the Service w,th General R. H.
                                                   marriage by Indian custom bereafter.
 Pratt, at Carlisle she had charge of the vari-                        .
                                                      Th e f ee for a lICense accord·IDg t 0 the state
                                                                                                     It
ous ~chool publications as managing editor
                                                   law is placed at $200 and I believe that • ~
and ,"structor in theory of printing. One of
                                                   you men and women can well afford to pa.
 the. most pleasing incidents of Miss Burgess'     this small sum for the feeling and assura~(e
 VISit was meeting OUr musical director, Mr.
                                                   that you are legally married and accord,"~
James R. Wheelock, who waS her assistant
                                                   to the way all your friends wish you to ~It
ID the printing department. The band under
                                                   teach you to. I sincerely trust that I .
 Mr. WheelOCk tendered her a complimentary
                                                   not hear of any returned students gelling
serenade on the morning of her departure.-
 Sherman Bulletin.                                 married merely by the obsolete In d· n eUS· ..
                                                   torn.-Bisbee (Ariz.) Review.
                       A few weeks ago a gas well was brought in near a tractof
OIL PROSP   ERITY      land that had been allotted a few years ago to minors of
                       the Oto tribe of Indians in Oklahoma. These allotments
are, generally speaking, hilly grazing lands supposed a short while ago to be
worth from eight to fifteen dollars per acre.
 h' Taking advantage of the excitement incident to the finding of a gas well in
t IS heretofore strictly "wildcat" territol'l' canny Superintendent Hol'o ad-
                                              . at .
b Ise d that a public auction would be held, which the land of minors•would
vert'
, e leased to the bidders offering the highest bonus the lessees. of cou rse, to pay
In add't'                                            '
        I IOn the customary royalties on all oil and gas developed.
do March 2.3rd the auctioneer opened the sale in the assembly room of theaca-
  ,mlc bUilding at Oto with a large attendance of eager oil operators and spec-
u ators. In two hours eYel'l,thing offered but two tracts, was disposed of at
           .                    ..
bo.nu S pnces of from one to forty-four dollars per acre the total aplOunt 1'£ -
                                               I



~elVed being 561,545,31. Think of a bov receiving alm~st seven thousand dol-
 aI'S for granting an oil man the privilege of looking for and de\'elopingoiland
gas on his allotment for the next nine years If found both will be rich; if
not the prospector will be many thousands ~orer but the boy still seven tholl-
sand better off,                   .

, . The most significant feature of this oil excitement at Oto is the influence
~~~ h~ving on the minds of the young, At the boarding school are sixty bo)'s
th girls who are taking a keen interest in the boom and some of whom are
sc~r~wners of the lands being leased, On the day of the lease sale there were a
     t or more of automobiles parked about the premises, The small bo~ s \\ ere
~~ among them looking them over and discussing the relath'e mel'lt,s of the
tl,IO erent makes, The stde that apparentlv took firmest grip on theu' affhec-
      ns Was '          "                         "                     erear \\ at
the '          a SIX cyhnder affair almost as big as a railway passeng       '     ,
YOu) finally get will depend on how the oil business de\'elops, Of on:, t~~ng
in t may be certain: these young people at present are doing a,lI their t In'mg
for erms of automobiles, The agricultural possibilities of their ~lIotm~n~s a~e
is tlotten; Into the junk with the plow for them; and mtermlnable JO) 1'I e
        ell' dream.
        Wh'l                                                                   his wa\,
We ar ~ e all we fmnds of the Indian rejoice in any good that c~~e~ he is i~
no e ound to realize that these chances for sudden wealth to \\ IC
        ay
      W a co ntl'I'b utor bring along a train of demora I"Izmg effect·
                                                                     .'
438       THE   I~DIAN    SCHOOL JOURNAL- ABOUT INDIANS

     Ambition to achieve by industry is not discoverable among these oil and
gas fields beneficiaries. The day of small beginnings is over. The almost
universal disposition is to revel in the present happy fortun e or to sit with
folded hands waiting for the dreamland gusher to take actual form.
    When the production finally fails. as it does in every field, what is left?
Allotments p ~rhaps ruined agriculturally and long ago forgotten as the foun·
dation for homes to be built by the industry and thrift of the allottees; Indians
unused to labor, soft of muscle, inactive of brain, indisposed to work and
weighted with vices that destroy the moral fiber. Who is wise enough to save
these poor, rich people?



                 The February JOURNAL referred to a statement made by F. S.
THE "LID" IN     Lycan erroneously called in the clipping from which quotation
MINNESOTA        was mdae, "F. S. Lycas," Presidentofthe Northern Minnesota
                 Development Association, in which he described the "Indian
Lid" put on in his country by the Government as very unpopular among
business and professional men. Information lately received makes Mr. Lycan
owner and operator of the Markham Hotel which had a very profitable bar be·
fore the advent of Larson and his men. Can it be that this association is for
the "development" of the Northern Minnesota protuberant stomach?
     Concerning conditions in this territory Mr. Larson has this to say: "Gen'
eral conditions throughout practically all of the treaty territory are very much
improved as a result of the enforcement of prohibition. Jails are almost
empty, and police officers have comparatively little to do." Newspapers and
other reports corroborate Mr. Larson's statement and we have a right to con·
elude that he h3 been a real friend to all the people of Northern Minnesota
regardless of race.



                How unjust and senseless it is for persons having cer tain ideas
CRITIC AND      to impute wrong motives to all who disagree. As this yEar ad·
KNOCKER         vancl'S toward November arguments on politics wiII become more
                frequent and more heated and there will be an increasing number
of those who, havill~ ~xhausted their stock of facts and logic, wiII resort to
calling their adver~:lftes names.
     The same line of :easoning is used by a class of critics who constantly di·
rect their attacks n)famst those p~ople who are engaged in an endeavor to hold
the diminishing est:l~e of the Ind.lan together and fight off the grafter and the
liquor dealer until I e prospec~lve victim acquires power through the edu-
cational agencies. lIt ;he same time maintained for his benefit, to offer an   efi
fectual resistance. . c~ ~ny pers?n to assert that the continued existence 0
the Indian Bureau I .a ge~~le I~ any measure to the desire of tho e con-
ducting it to retain th~lr POSI!tons IS unwarranted and unsupported by facts.
Who does not knOll' t a~ such an assertion is wholly untrue of our prese~t
Commissioner. who !tas ad the refusal of place after place more alluring In
           THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT INDIA S                           439

monetary compensation and influence? He is Commissioner because, as Secre-
tary Lane said when looking for a man for the position, it is a conspicuous op-
portunity for service. Nearly every incumbent of the office, in the last
quarter century, at least, has held it for the same reason.
     Service is and has been the motive responsible for the connection of not
only most of our Commissioners with the work, but also of thousands of those
who now serve or have served in the past under their direction. The Editor
of the JOURNAL knows personally a great many good men and women who will
joyfully turn to other occupations when the Ind ian is so far advanced as to re-
quire no further guidance. Next to these who would be promptly divested of
property and self-respect were its protection to be now withdrawn, a discon-
tinued Indian Bureau would be missed most by the fellow whose sole chance
for notoriety lies in his persistent, baseless, and senseless attacks upon it and
those administering it.
     The muck-raker exists by feeding to people with disordered mental di-
gestion the unwholesome food they imagine they crave. With a modicum of
fact there is mixed enough of fiction to make all untrue, though plausible, in
 the expectation that the shallow reasoner will swallow it all and think it has
done him good. A constructive critic is a blessing; a knocker an abomination.

                                ::::::z      =!>

                     Super, isor Peairs is planning most painstakingly for the
THE INSTITUTES       series of institutes to be held this summer at the times and
                     places named in his announcement on another page. The
Okla~oma teachers are much disappointed that they must ma~e the added e~­
pendlture incident to passing Chilocco to go to Haskell but, like the splendId
people they are, they are planning to attend in large numbers.
  !hese Institutes will be well worth attending for talent of the highest order
WIll be there as instructors. Nor is this all: There will meet a lot of. g~
people engaged in Indian work that do not know each other now, an~ pride In
the personnel and accomplishment of the service will be greatly stImulated.
f Let the June assembly at Haskell, our fine big Kansas sister, set a pattern
 or those that succeed.
                                 5:)          l>
             N                                    . d an an emplove in an In-
ECONOM.Y       .ot so very long ago a young marrieS m . 't dent for promotion
             dian School, was recommended to the upe~1ll ~n·o         One reason
ur           ~y another person in service in the same IllStltutVI. unusual ef-
fo~d~or thIS consideration was that the youn!\" ma~.~s ~io~~~s the family
to p .gdet ahead by practicing severe econom!es. h an mendation, "that
th rOVI e for the future" said the one makIDg t e recom
   ey eve~ deny themselves tablecloths and napki.ns." enial which probably'
mea ConSIderable merit was subtracted from thIS self d .h n' it was observed
that~hgrbeater sacrifice to the wife than to the dhUbb~hd'l:tt:r about the house
and' e III for tobacco which was freely use y e r
      ~ thediningroom, ~ould more than supply the table. Ille~the home when
You aro not cl!lim virtue for economizing o~ th~ dec~~~~f~l to yourself and
off ~ spendmg the savings in indulgence III VIces
    enslVe to others.                                               -
 ·UO         THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT INDIANS
 GREENVILLE SCHOOL AND AGENCY NEWS                   Sunday evening. Many friends and patrot!
                                                     of the school attended the evening sen-im
              Special Correspondence.                Afler these services an Inner Circle was
                                                     sLarted. The circle is composed of firt'"
   ~Irs. Emma Hinshaw, of Falls City, Ore-           boys, who voluntarily asked that tbey.
 gon, has recently accepted the posi tion here       given opportuni ty to start the Chn,ti3
 as school cook.                                     movement. The results of Mr. Hall', ",:1
                                                     augurs well for our work, and we aTe all wry
   Mrs. Jennie Saunders, of Oakland, Calif.,
                                                    happy and pleased over tbe results of the
 has been appointed laundress here. She is          visit. He has given valuable and l"tID,
 new in the Service.                                impe t us to the Christian work of the ,",h·
   Mr. Isiah Luckey, of Pennsylvania, is t he       tution, which we hope will spread out and b~
                                                    Come a powerful influence, fo r good a n;cr:~ the
n~N princip3.1 teacher, succeeding Miss Donie       old Indians. The iJ1nerCJrcle bOl,haHber.
 Dutton, transferred to Salt River Day school.      given a room all their own. and tl:e)' meet
  Supervising Superintendent Royce, of the           every Thursday evening, from six to                  ~ey~~
                                                    for prayer and Bible readinlr. Alfred lIar"
Carson School. Stewart, Nev., Was here re-
                                                    a fullblood Pitt River, and John Tuna, DI~~".
cently to assist and supervise in the matter        are president and secretary of the C"c1e.
of thoroughly promulgating the New Course
of Study, which we had started February first.                        Hiawatlu Op<n $ruio ••
  The adiition to the hospital has been com-
                                                       On March seventeent h t be mem bm of th  tl.
pleted and we are much pleased with it. It           Hiawatha Literary Society pnsented t.
will allow us to help out the Commissioner's         people of Chilocco their a~nual open se~~~i::
policy in "Save the Babies," and also in his        The girls made a big hit with theIT enter ed
campaign to administer more carefu lly to            ment. The program was splendidly a~;:n!"
the old and needy Indians.                          and faultlEssly delivered. The debe ...."
                                                     worthy of special comment an.d pral! ~rEd 10
    Our Temperance Program was the best             debater doing her best and bemg ~rtrresti r~
given this term, and the entertainment Wa           the extent that it was not only maudi,n".
probably the most enjoyable we have ha~             but enthUSIastically receIved b~ the nt pa"""
                                                    Many who attended theentertamm;th I'~r.
oWing to the sincere and. enthusiastic spirit
                                                    the comment that it was the bes~obav:iop't
shown by the students takmg part. The songs         but as to this the JOURNAL woul         e hare
were all special for the occasion, furnished        the matter to a popular vote. for .wJlI' ~e.
by }Iissionary and Mrs. Reader, and the sing.       been entertained this year by especl:niinarr
Ill~ of them revealed to us that OUr boys a d       produced open sessions of more than edit to
                                            n
,:rirls are certainly on the "Dry Californi. "
                                                    merit. This entertainment broU.2' ht
                                                    the Hiawathas tbeir advisory mem 't't'at
                                                                                               an:     rer
side with the proper figbting spirit beht                           I
                                                    to theschool b.,idesdi,playmg•      o;:pm I!
                                                                                    th e.
 them.                                      nd      spells "success" anywhere.
     His visit gave great i~petus to this Work        Following we print the program:
an,1 presented opportumty for employees to                                                               5<..cir1!
                                                   Society SonR".                                       ~I
 beeome conv~rsant with many perplex i n~          Opening Address and Appointm('11.t of Critic               ......
features we dId not thoroughly understa J          Minut~ of the Previous Meeti"g.
                                                                                                        ~{C~~·
                                                                                                           u ... fil
 \Ir. Royce explained all these things sa~::       Recitation- "The Wearing of the Green
                                                                                         ,. ,'j(,1a ..,c.
                                                                                                    LaC,s:!
f.ctonly and showed us the Way to establi'h        E :-say- "L·C CS t. Patrlc k"
                                                               leo         .               Isabella ery,l"
thiS Course so that we could get des· 1            Rec:itation ' -"Finnigin to Flannigin··     ElllmaI.,o!1
                .       .                  Ir~r
r~iull<;. HIS assistance Was of the
                                                   Songa by Ireland's Poet. Thomas Moore-
~ t rucllve k' d an d we are all thankful t
         .                                con.
                 In                                  a- -·La t Rosp of Summer"           _ Young ~
                                                     b - o'Belie\·(! Me if.U Those Endearing
him for his encouraging words and hel f 0
a'ivice-which no doubt, will aid us to ,: k  UI                       Hiawatba Quartette             . JobnP'
                                                   Recorder                                     EunKi!
Greenville school more effiCient. W
I)e t ter a If f or h · VISIt.
                                            a"
                                         ear"-                                                Eilrht Sroar.
                                                                                                             G
                      IS "                         Shamrock Drill                                     , ed':''.J
                                                                                         . the Cnlt .;
                                                   Debate- ·'Resolved, That all Chiklren In EdacstiOO
  ~Ir. R. D. Hall, Secretary of Indian W k                Shookl be Com"eJlro to Get an
of the International Committee. Y. M. CO~                  Affirmative                    Negati\""e
work for Indians, made our school a fou ..I, •              Clara Root          Edna Ma:.d:
  '. . 'I h                              r-....y            Edna Propbet         Ida Groa.. _~tf
VISIt m ., arc. We feel that this Visit h••        Piano   Duet ·'Let Us Go For Pleasure
been productive of much good. He add                             Helena and Ethleen PappaD
                                        ressecj
t h e students Saturday night, led the special     ShadQwgraphll _ ··Ballad of the oysterman·'
Sunday school on SUlld", morning t Ik                                                         'is~nts
                                                         Ce-ci fia Christensen. witb five as::;
   .                      .          -aet!
WIth the. boys Sunday afternoon, and mad"                                Judges' Report
the prmclpal address at the Mission Ch                                Rt"POrt of the Critic
                                          ape I
                                                                         Adjournment
F8i          Ii               II              II       1'::IElSI          II             "                IE : 3 " ' 1




I il Chi/occo News in General fil                                                                                       ~
LGI=:I'                       II              II          "::IElElE:::"                  II               Ii     18   .J1l
  )Ir. Cha~. Hawzipta of Anadarko, \"isited his                    ~ l r. and )lrs, ).Iack Johnson had ai> gu est
lhughter, )iagg ie, this month.                                  on the fir-.t of the month, ~I rs, George H oy o,
  )Ia~ter Hu~sel Seneca. visited with his Aunt ,                 wife of Sup!. Hoyn of Otoe.
"i,~ ~ It Seneca of Pawk uska, Oklahoma,                           The Senior, Jun ior and Eighth grade c lasses
rerently.
                                                                 ~a\'ea 'ta~ked Bail on the even ing of April fi rst.
  .\gnes Riley sang at an en tertainment at lhe                  The C(l~tume-; were \'aried and pirtllre~que. A
~I~~t Presbyterian church in Ar kans:b Cih- un                   very plea.:.ant evening is reported by all presen t.
fnday, )Iarch 31st.                                   .
                                                                   This wt month the :\linnehaha Chorus gi r ls
 ,llr. and lll'<. ~l. B. C 'per of Washllnga,                    gave a number in the concert he ld at the Co ng re-
f~'lted their ('bildren, Bes.-;ie. )'Iedora and J ohn-           gatio nal dlUrrh. The girls were heartily encored
nie CAoper, during the pa-t month.                               to which they re .. ponded. This concer t was gi \'en
Ok~lr.  and ll". B. P. Adam, of Whiteagle,                       for tbe benefit of the chun·h.
 . ahoma, were cou nted among the ~uests who                       'Irs. Seneca returned )larch ~1th. She ha:,
fbted ChiJocco dUri ng the pa'il month.                          been visiting with relatives in San An to nio,
  Srupt. Allen visited the p, Dca and 010 schools                Texas, !'ince Februu\' ~nd. She also repor ts a
a elot days the       t      tb                                  mo~t pleasant trip and ha" ing visited a ll th e
hi. duti     .    pa~. mon in cC)llnection "ith
         es as SUpervISing superi ntendent.                      historic' ~pots in and around that city,

OInG;rne:l and Simeon ;\'Iosley, were called home                  ,J. Grant Bell, the genial farmer at Rainy
broth arch ~lst on account (If the death of t heir               'Iounlaio, has been transferred to t he simi lll r
     er, They returned to school on April lst.                   position at Cantonment, Okla" while Wm. Bre un -
  ll" J E J                                                      inger has left the Uisirict Farme r positio n of
the \\;esi ' one> who h:t~ been a patient of                     Cantonment for the place Y"'ated by ~Ir. Bell .
          e
returned YHHos p~tal a t Ok lahoma City, has
eQ'·err.'   er fn endi wish her a speedy re-                        :\fr. Keton and hi~ bOH have been kept bu sy
                                                                 of the late hauling ~and, Our l'and i::; haul ed
  llr: Ed'a,d A P                                                from the .\rkan~a, rh·er "'ome !\ix miles a wa y ,
a,tin  ca.lled . orter, principal teacher, was                   and as the river has been ~o high most all win ter
month th· .. to :\Iorocco, Indiana, the past
father~ h time by t he ilIn~s and death of hi~                   it ba; been impo"ible to get all the sand needed .

 )Ir. J. O. C I                    .                                i rupedor W. S. Coleman of Atla nta Georg ia,
n ' ited his chil 0 vard of Sahna. Oklahoma,                     who is in Oklahoma on official busin~ss. was a
He e1pre~~ed d.ren, ) [ y rUe. and Robert Coll'ard,              visit~r al Chilocco Sundar, Man'h 26th, In t he
O Sf'.h 00 I. him self as being well pleased with
 Ur                                                              e-remng he delh'ered a forceful and inst rudi vc
                                                                 addre:;. .. to as~embled employees and ::;tudents.
  ll". Sbrover h 'I ft
ar, ~Ii('hig '    3.!- ,e for he r home in Dawogi-
ha.~ ' pent ~~'e She IS )Ir. Holloway's sister and                  'ow that "'pring is upon u~, slude nts an d em-
lnd hi~ fam , y. past t wo months here with him
             'l                                                  ployees are cautioned by the JOI'RN.\I. to "Keep
                                                                 on the walks" until the gras:'i has a ('hance. Aft er
  ll,. t' ' I P                                                  that, be rareful to not make paths, W e a re all
ti'ited Chil~('(,:t~e~on       of r ates Center, Kan:-as,        proud of Our campus-let's make it more beauti ful
the gue"t of ~r urlng th e pru;t mont h. H e was                 t han ever th i:. yea r,
O acadelll 'l :t ISS ~I abel Berry, who is one of
  Ur
   Po         c eachers •   .                                       :\Ir. C. C. Custer who came to uo;; from th,r
K "r. II ,. and )1 F                                             Panama Canal to fill the place of Chi ef Eng i-
   In,\S were . r~.            ,:\1. Romine of Jetmore           neer hal! already gone. ,\ n offer of ~,UOO pe r
rno~tb,' The'\~:e'lt., ~~ ,.C.hiiO('co during the past           yea.r as ~uperiDtendent of Construction a t Co r-
e~Jneer, G. 'H ~e \,hlhn~ their "on, our chief                   regldor lsland. neaf :\lanila was too tem pt ing t tl
   \1               . "mane and famih~,                          be re!hted. While hi, st:tr 'was short it witne~sed
      ' ,and 'I                                .
~tcb tak';' ~~eHat".h arrived April ~th. l lr.                   a nu~ber of imprn-rements. in our steam plant.
pl!ftnuy v8('ated L"lsiho n of as~i ... tant famle r,            ~e Is :-;u~eeded by )1r. Gilbert H. Romin.e
t a"nee, wbile M r Jlr. l...fluthan's tran'lfer tu               "\\hose ~e,rnce a:. a.... i tant were stith ao:; to me rit
                                                                 recognition.
feu-her, m:tde \" r... aU'h lakes the position of
  tr to tbe Pa ....n acant by .lit:;. Louthan's trans-              On Friday, "arch lOth five of on r Y. M. C. A.
  o                  ee ~(' h001
                                                                 boy, wIth I\' ' I' . :, I..ro fI'" Journere d t 0 \\'1 ·,t·
                                                                                       ' \\..oa ree,
:\1 ; ~he eVening of:\1 .
      0                                                              .,       .                                       1
l1.r. Cook and \1 ' T arch 31, with ' Ir. Porter
                            '                                    eagle IndIan 81'11001 and held a meeti';Jt there. The
"'"3. .
tilt ~If)r and , I ' " . 'ver ,",.. ho~ t an d hoste,""es,
                      S            .....                     '   member3 of the team were Claude H ayma n.
E e dlO ner in th Or r!;:I. .. .;es were invited to
                        enlo                                     JO'leph Shun:ltona, " idal Zuniga Beni. ;\1t'J\. enzie
   ret\,!)"
alad' e present re
                         e om~t' C , '
                                         IC ",'l cncc room ...
                                                                 and Henry Rider. They ~ecehT~d :1 inost hea rty
iO'it' n)(ht enjoya bl po ~ted a n excellent dinner              welcome and. their three meetin gs were we~ l
Pc.rte ed were Supt e hilDe, Among- the guest..                  ~~T~~C(\ ,It I.. hflped another tea m will " i!lIt
         r.                 a n( )lrs. Allen and :\I ~.                I ag e an the near future        Earh member
                                                                 t
                                                                 r oep~.r.~edha fine time and glad th; opport uni t)
                                                                                                    (;r
                                                                      \b l t t e Ponca Au    ,.
                                                                                            Po n('y
442          THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT INDIANS
  ~Ir. P. A. Lazelle of Oklahoma City was the              placed and the blacksmiths remm'ed the iron
guest of ~Ir . Roche during the p",t month.                work and old cement work . The mason! 11'111
                                                           place the bot tom of the pool and the carpeoter3
  We ahuys try to practice, preach and te at'h             the forms for t he base of t he fountain. The
optom ism, but along about March or Apr il our             painters will attend to t he iron work when it is
arguments or sermons assume a sort of torpid ring          reset and among all of them it will be fully a!i
and our optomistic spirit i.s conspicuously a iling .
Why? No, not spring fever, hook·worm , p el-
                                                           good as new when completed .                               ,
lag ra nor war shock. S'o. Just this : ' Vhy j,                                                                       I
the L' oited States '0 arranged that Okla homa                           DOllESTIC ART h EllS
lies between Kansasand Texas:- About this t ime
of the yeu t he migratory Kansas winds a re re-              The chief aim in domestic art is independ-
turning from the Texas Coast Country, np-                  ence and self- reliance.
parently belated, to their Paradise-Kansas.                  The domestiC' a rt girls are working\'ery faith-
Now, why was Oklahoma so located t hat she
                                                           fully on exhibit a rticles.
must forever tolerate these eye-winking , n ose-
smelling, mouth-filling-gully, gully, K a nsas              A few of the gi rls in this department are
winds?                                                     making things fo r exhibit.
                                                             T he chorus girls in the com mencem~nt play
         ITEMS FRQ)I THE TR.\DES                           are crocheting their own ha.ts and trimmmg thern.
  The new dairy barn has been painted again
                                                             All the sewing room gi rls were sewing on tht
and it makes an imprO\'ement. The pai n ters
                                                           operetta dres~es whi<:h a re to be used next mllnth,
say there is lots of roof to CO\'er though .
  The industrial competition is calling out some             The fourth year vocational girls have a ~JJ:fCia~
                                                           order to fill for Mrs. White, of Lac Du flam
good work in carpentry, blacksmithing, leath er
working, and painting. We hope to be r epre-               beau.
sented by the masons also.                                   ~Ir, Coleman, an inspector, gave a very inter'
                                                           esting talk to one of t he domestic art clas....es.(lD
   The harness makers are busy with more har-
ness and some shoes though the oew mac hi ne
cannot run at all times becau~e there is not
sufficient shoe work to keep it bu...y. I t is a
fine machine and will add greatlr to the effici-
                                                           Wednesday the :29th . H e said som~ very DIce
                                                           things to the girls which they apprecIated.
                                                             The sewing room girls a re making white ~um:
                                                                                                                      I
                                                           mer uniforms for lhe small girls. As S()(ln. &!!
ency of the department.         .                          they have finhhed these they will begin ma~I~!!
                                                           white summer uniform waists for the older gn s.
  The painters are busy with some wor k for
Father De Beers this week . There will be an                  The mending depa rtment detail finished. tb:~~
opportunity for the painters to demonstrate t h ei r       mending early this week and are helplDg' In
skill in the finish of the articlc~ li... ted for the      domestic art department for a day . AlI~:
indllitrialcompetition which ha\'c been prod u<:ed         very happy to cx(:hange mending for fluffr
from the carpentry department.                             and bright colors.
  The season is here for new wal k.... nd the ma-
sons at present are taking adnnt.gt of all a\'ail-                           ATHI.f.TI(' ~on:s
able good weather to get in as m.ny walks Q!
po:lSible before commencement. The new Co n-                   Chilocco opened the 1916 base ball sea5(l~ b~
cr~te mi~er is a great machine; if you do n 't              playing the fast Southwestern State Normjl bt       e:
thmk so JllSt take a contract to wheel the mixed            at Weatherford, on March . , a nd ~- 0 bf
                                                                                        u
concrete away a..~ fast as the machine can m ix it.         first game the Indians were decisi\'ely beate
                                                                                                          D
                                                                                                                 er
It on I! mixes 10 cu. ft. per minute, ,1 it.is ""easy.tt    the ~Ore of 8 to 3. The next dar. b~~e:th:
That IS not what the boys said abt1ut It though.            they redeemed themselves by beating the e
                                                            erford team by the score of 9 to O.
. T~ere is a great nriety of work tha~ is fi n d-                                                      t );"r'
109 Its way to the black ... miths sinet' thei r SUpply        From Weatherford t he Indians went 0 i'oj-
of ~n:d ran out and they are waitillJ for mor e to          man where they met the fast Oklahoma ~
ar ~I,·e. They hne torn out the (lid fO Untain ,
bUl1t!«)me rllad wilh the old materitl1 from sa m e
                                                            \'er..ity team on March 24th. Thi~ ga~
                                                            ~topped by a heavy rain. The score ..b
                                                                                                             a  ;t
put a new deck of tin on ~Ir. Johll .. t1n~s ~ottag;        o when they were fo rced to quit .
and are at present concerned with (C' lllllldmg t he                                                 11 e Wi"
boat landing at the north side (If the la k e                 The field meet with Southw«tern Co ~g ""I"
They are like the well prepared mAil          "Al wa y~     POStponed on account of wet wea ther. \ e
 ready" for whntever Comes up.                              to meet with them in lhe near future.

   !he _bl~cksmiths, carpenters. I"asons a nd                 e      .   ~                    .         - rr ~f
                                                               . aptam Zuniga has kept b lS m~n "e number
 palOters Will all be repre~nted in the remodel_            With track wor k. He reporu qUite a
 Ing of the fountain that has for !iil\ I)ll' time heen     trying fo r first team ,
 out of cnmmi·.... ion. The engi~t'(.r .. have a ho           e.                                      lle1'
                                                                 btlocco defeated t he Southwestern f 1~ to
                                                                                                           eo
 been concerned in the m:ttler so tht repfLi r s i n-
                                                            t~m of Winfield, Kama'!, by lhe score 0 0 ~toD~
 tended will be n community aff 'r
   It was decided that all the ~;tt:I'1 ,If t he p ool      I) In a very one '!ided game of ba.. e
                                                            d,S, ~I ar('h 21th. Our boys ,tarted
                                                                                                    ball; field
                                                                                                     in tbt
                                                                                                       0the
 and base of lhe fountain would 11'1 \ e to b e r e -
                                                             lead <lending the pellet to all co rners oC
                THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL-ABOUT INDIANS                                                         443
This was the first game to be played on the                    Oats are looking good, eopecially the early
home diamond this year.                                      sowing. It pays to plow the oab g round in Ihe
                                                             fan or early winter. It helps the farmers to
  On )larch Ihth there was held a tra{'k meet                keep abreast with hi:) work.
between the boys' Literary Societies. The pur-
pose of this meet was to pick the fi~t team track              The 60 head of ... Ieer.;; which had been on full
~en. Quile a number hied for fir..t place in the             feed for the past 150 days went on to the ma r-
d~tferent events. The Soangetaha Li terary So-               ket in Oklahoma City ~Iarch 6th. They were
ciety won by the wide margin of 6'> to 39.                   sold fo r the handsome !'um of $o,h7'l.i!.i.
                                                               T hey easily topped the market and rereh-ed
                                                             a g reat deal of attention and praise from ship·
                     D"Hty   DEPARTlU:XT                     pers, stockmen and pa('k in g·hou ~e people.
                                                               T hese uttle were of even greater interes t to
  During the last len days the dairy bors have               the people who saw t hem, when ther learned
been learning to operate the Babcock test fo r               that they had been fed a nd ca red fll r by Indian
butter fal in milk. We keep a daily record of                students at Chilocco.
each ~w'~ milk production, and from these tests
we will be able to determine the mlue of each                  The marketing of the farm products in tbe
~w as a produ('er. The boys seem to be quite                 way of choice li\'e stock j ... a \"Bluable les~()n and
mtel'e!lled in this part of the work.                        demonstration to the Indian sludent ...
  The production for the month             .r 'larch   was     I believe it the du ty of every school farm to
i~ "H pounds, this is a good record ~onsi~ering              make the !i,'e stock industrr intere;ting and at-
  e fact that Cows were on dry feed and IS U6                tractire to the Indian bor s.
pounds in excess of the amount prod~lced bv the                                            J. \1'. Y.
~me number of cows during the month o(:\Iay
Ibi  ~e~ r, and with the cows on pasture.
    b13 IS due in a large measure to a number of                                     . .
                                                                  Cbilocco', Y. /II C A 6"pd T, .... I Pona.
o~r Holstein heifers having freshened during the
'7;ter. aDd to the fact that a number of the
                                                                   Reported to Mr. Mce.trree by the MissKmary
~ er cows and poor producers have been weed-
   out.                                                                          at Whitet.gle.

                                                                "The boys have begun the 'Morning
                 Xl'RSERY DrPHITlloT
                                                             Watch' and they are more enthusiast ic than
boWe are .now ~praying the apple orchud and                  ever. They are ready for service and have
  pe to ralSe a good ('rap of specimen apples.               volunteered to lead in prayer at any of our
ID Th~nur-erymen are a busy force and before                 public services. I called for volunteer pra)-
 an} weeks we will see the resull.s of their labor.          ers after the sermon in the Sunday mornmg
. The XUNery Department have been replant-
                                                             service and three of the boys lead in prd)·er .
~~p~ome of the groups of shrubbery on the                              ~  "-Ieman was present and was
      us.                                                    S upervlsOr \AI
                                                             very much impressed.
rO~~I~:ot ~f ground ea'it of the lake is being                  "Sunday night Mr. Coleman talked at the
                                                                     I     'ce He said the boIS prayers
improve ed Into a park to raise fI"wers and to               Chape serVI f' nd And trull' it is wonder-
        the appearance ofthe schil(}l grounds.               were most pro ou .                     ddt
                                                             ful. Everywhere on .t?e~t~~~)~~Oeunch~rsli:n
and I bu,y se liSon f or.1 r. Rogers,horbcultuflst
   The d                 'I               .'
                                                             w~r~ the~ ~re. ma~~an'elous. The)' ha\'e
largtn SC8.pe gardener, has opened. with the                 SPlrtt. ThIS IS SImply f        Mr. Odie (prin-
after ~am~Us. or{'hard~, nur--eries etc., to look
                                                             never taken a stant b:e~~~'e talking about it.
large't e Will be kept on the jump. He has a                 cipal) and the emp oy              r ,'isit wilh
clo:-;e a:t~it?ry ~o cover, and one that demands
The re.ul nllon I ~ the best re~ulls are obtained.
                                                                "lVe want you tOlplr~:..n~~e about April
ciated fo ts: of thiS ~epartment I1re high I)" appre-        us before ~e sc h00 ~~o';'about it and we
                                                             21 or Mayo. Let us         5" (The expense~
.ell ke ~ we all enJoy the beautifu.l flowers, the
fruit. p lawns and the luciou! CbiluC('o grown               will gladly m~et expebns~n'bl' lhe Mis>ionary
                                                             of the last trIp were 0
                                                             society at Topeka.)                      b l'
                                                                                  h how our boys e Je\"e
                        F ".'1 Sp",.s                           "An inc~dent t~ad ~";,all game last Friday.
                                                             your boys. lVe           s whIte <chool bop.
   The rarm bo y... bf-g::tn planting corn :\Iarch
3ht. Th~
1'b e "'lil' Y han nf'8.rly 3UO acres to plant.
                                                                                        d
                                                             my Ponca boys vers the night before for
                                                             The Ponca boys praye         to me on lhe ball
              fine condition to receive the seed.
            I!\ In                                           the victory .. They ca.me ra 'ers, etl'. I was
   Wbeat i, I k'                                             ground. tellIng of thet:oul~ be tragic for
tJr sleet    ~ log fine. The unusual amount                  alarmed and kne;d I And I prayed with all
.inter did nd l~e. that covered e~erything last               them to be defeat . Odds seemed against
            not IDJure our wheat to speak of.                 my might for them. n they more than held
  The If .                                                    them at first. but sral ,core put them 1510
J..t rail "'Ian fly that effeded so many fields               their own and the T~ey ~e\'er played better
!Pring. pem .. tn be ('oming up mis~ing thh
a bad eft'; etrha~ the sleet and the freez ing had
                                                              8 in theIr favor.     they felt good."
           ec on them_                                        ball, and, of course,
      444        THE INDIAN SCHOOL JOURNAL ABOUT INDIA:\,S
      PROG RAM. WESTERN OKLAHOMA INDIAN                    ~latching winners from EH'nb T\\o llf\j
         SCHOO ATHLETIC A
              LS           SSOCIATION                    Three.
                                                          Declamatory Contest 7 ,30, Dietrich's Opera
                                                         House, Anadarko, Oklahoma.
      F OLLOW I ~G is the program of the West-
          ern Ok lahoma Indian schools Athletic As-                 FRIDAY, APRIL 14-A. M.
     s'lOiation to be held Apri l 12-13-14, 1916, at      Track and Field Events begi n at 8:30.
     Caddo County Fail' Grounds, Anadarko, Ok la-         Re lay Race, One·half Mile ; 50 Yard D"h,
     homa.
                                                        100 Ya rd Dash; 22Q Ya rd Dash; One·half
                      PROGRAM                           Mile Run; Runn ing Broad Jump; Standing
             WEDNESDAY, APRIL 12-A. ~1.                 Broad Jump; Runn ing High Jum p; Pol.
                      BASE BALL                         Vault.
        Anadarko School vs. Fort Sill School, 9:00        Tennis Finals, 10:30 to 12:00.
     to 10:15.                                            Noonday Lunch.
       Riverside School vs. Cheyenne and Arapaho,                            P M.
     9:00 to 10:15.                                        Basket Ball Finals, 1:00 to 2:00; VolI)' Bail
       Cantonment School vs. Rainy Mountain,            Finals, 2:00 to 2:45; Base Ball Fina ls. 2:4.; to
     10:15 to 11:30.                                    4:00.
       ~oonday Lunch.
                        P_ M.
                     BASKET BALL
       Fort Sill £chool vs. Riverside School, 1 :00
                                                        IF II IS FROM PECK'S IT'S THE BEST
     to 2,00.
      Seger Indian School vs. Anadarko School,
    1:00 to 2:00.
      Cneyenne and Arapaho vs. Rainy Mountain,
    2,10 to 3:10.
                                                                 W. S. PECK
       Semi-final, Winners from Events One and
    Two, 3:15 to 4:15.
                                                          The Modern Grocer
    _ .Employees' Reception at Kiowa Agency,
    ,:30.
            THURSDAY, APRIL 13-A. M                             Orders Taken and Special
                  \-OLLEY BALL                                    Delivery for Chiloceo
    Rain)' Mountain School VR. Anadark SchGci,
 9:1I() to 10:00.
   Cantonment School vs. Riverside School,             217 S. Summii St., Arkansas City, Kans.
 9:00 to 10:00
  Seger Indian School vs. Fort Sill School,
10:00 to 11 :00.                                       - - - - - ---
  Semi-final Base Ball, winners from events
one and two of Wednesday's game. 10'00 to
11:30.                             -, .                T. B. Oldroyd & Sons
  Se:ni·final Va1Jey Ball, winners from events
on~ and two above, 11:00 to 12:00.
  • oonday Lunch.                                             House Furnishings
                   P. M.
      TE"XIS TOURSAlIEXT_ PRELIMIXARIES                         Undertaking
1. Riverside SchOOl vs. Cantonment Sclwo l .
~ C_heyenne and Arapaho \'s. Fort Sill School.
J.aIOwa Ind.lan Ag-ency Vs. Rainy M(,untain.               Good Stock; Reasonable Prices
I Seger Indran School vs. Anadarko Sch,,,,I.
                                                                 Square Treatment
                   S"Il-FI"ALS
 ~latching Winners from events One :\1111
Two.
                                                      207-209 W. 5th Ave.. Arkansas CitY. KanS.

								
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