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Projects on Investing 2000 Million in Pakistan

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					THE
HUNGER
PROJECT
A strategic organization
committed to the sustainable
end of chronic hunger
When you think about
  ―world hunger‖


what are the first images
   that come to mind?
When you see those images


     what thoughts arise?
When you see those images and
     have those thoughts


      what feelings follow?
What you’ve just described is a type of
       hunger called ―famine‖ -

 defined as ―a severe interruption in an
already vulnerable area caused by natural
and or/man-made disaster – for example,
       drought, earthquake, war…‖
Famine is ―an emergency‖


That’s how it gets into the TV news,
          onto the headlines,
and into our minds as the main kind of
       severe hunger we know
                Famine


accounts for less than 10% of world hunger
       The other 90%
    Chronic, persistent hunger

Doesn’t look anything like ―famine‖
          Chronic hunger
          Can be defined as
―not enough of the right kind of food over a
           long period of time‖

   Unlike famine, chronic hunger is
         invisible and silent –
 even when you are looking right at it.
                   How many?

                   854 million people -
            roughly 1 in 7 people in our world

                   Today and everyday,
  20,000 will die as a consequence of chronic hunger –
                   ¾ under 5 years old.

                    Not from starvation,
but from diarrhea, flu, and other basic illnesses that we’ve
   all had and survived because we were not chronically
                            hungry.
             Progress?
Is world hunger better, worse or the same
       today as it was in the 1970’s?

            1977 estimate =
         41,000 deaths per day

   Every headline today could read:
Humanity cuts hunger by half in 30 years!
 Where is most chronic hunger?



                            29% in
                            sub-Saharan
                            Africa

The rest in Latin
America, mostly amongst                   35% in South Asia
indigenous people, and in                 (India, Bangladesh,
other parts of Asia                       Pakistan and Nepal)
       Hunger in the U.S.?
  Yes – and many great organizations are
              addressing it –

it’s the severity and prevalence in South Asia,
    Africa and Latin America that are so much
                       higher

The Hunger Project is focused where chronic
    hunger is most widespread and severe
        Famine is…
Fundamentally an issue of food –

        food shipments
        delivered quickly
           end famine
Chronic hunger is fundamentally


            NOT

       an issue of food
           Consider India
A net exporter of food for decades since the
       Green Revolution improved their
     agriculture in the 1950s and 1960s.
 • Today has more than 40 million tons of
               grain in storage
 • AND today - 47% of all children in India
    are malnourished – worse than Africa
   If food is not the answer?
    Chronic hunger is best understood
        as an issue of opportunity

It occurs when people lack the opportunity
   to translate a full day’s work into enough:
                          • Food
                         • Money
                       • Education
                      • Health care
         • Voice in decisions affecting their lives
        Question becomes:

Why is this opportunity so diminished where
           chronic hunger persists?
 1996 study commissioned by
          UNICEF
    Asked why rates of malnutrition
   in South Asia were so much higher
       than most African countries,

even though all other indicators such as
 economic growth, agricultural production,
infrastructure – all suggested the opposite
              should be true?
              Conclusion:

―The exceptionally high rates of malnutrition
  in South Asia are rooted deep in the soil of
     inequality between men and women‖

 Study revealed that severe discrimination
    against women and girls gives rise to
          ―a cycle of malnutrition‖
     In India, since 2000
More than 50,000 elected women
 representatives in 14 states have
  completed the 3-day, residential
                     Women’s
                     Leadership
                     Workshop.
In India, since 2000
     More than 100 local Indian
          non-governmental
             organizations
        are now partnering with
         The Hunger Project to
       provide ongoing trainings
         and support to these
        women as they work to
      transform the quality of life
            in their villages.
         In India, since 2001
• The Hunger Project’s Sarojini Naidu Prize
  for Journalists Reporting on Women in the
  Panchayats
   In 2001, 166 articles were submitted
   In 2006, 1517 articles were submitted
   Awards ceremony on Gandhi’s birthday,
    October 2
   2006 was hosted by the Ministry of the
    Panchayati Raj at the Minister’s residence
    Ending Hunger In Africa
• Leadership
• Marginalization of Women
  Farmers
• Infrastructure
• HIV/AIDS
The Epicenter Strategy:
5 years to self-reliance!
                  Principles
• Local leadership
• Self-reliance
• Gender Equality
• Partnership with local government
• Integrated strategy vs. sectoral, i.e. food
  production, income, education, health, nutrition,
  literacy et al…..all together
• Minimal external inputs
• Affordable, replicable, sustainable
 Essence of the Epicenter strategy
• …to transform a culture of dependency,
  resignation, despair and discrimination
  against women and girls…

• … to one of responsibility, self-reliance,
  and gender equality.
       Four phases - overview
1.   Mobilization (1 year)
2.   ―Tipping Point‖ (1 year)
3.   Progress on all fronts (3 years)
4.   Self-reliance
•    Demand-driven – people move when
     they are ready
        Phase 1: Mobilization
• Support of local
  leaders
        Phase 1: Mobilization
• Support of local
  leaders
• Vision,
  Commitment,
  & Action
  workshop (VCA)
         Phase 1: Mobilization
• Support of local
  leaders
• VCA workshop
• Train volunteer
  leaders called
  “Animators”
         Phase 1: Mobilization
• Support of local
  leaders
• VCA workshop
• Train Animators
• Animator Initiated
  Projects
         Phase 1: Mobilization
• Support of local
  leaders
• VCA workshop
• Train Animators
• Animator Initiated
  Projects
         Phase 1: Mobilization
• Support of local
  leaders
• VCA workshop
• Train Animators
• Animator Initiated
  Projects
         Phase 1: Mobilization
• Support of local
  leaders
• VCA workshop
• Train Animators
• Animator Initiated
  Projects
• Elect Epicenter
  Committee
       Phase 2: Tipping Point
• Chief donates land
        Phase 2: Tipping Point
• Chief donates land
• Learn to make
  concrete blocks
        Phase 2: Tipping Point
• Chief donates land
• Learn to make
  concrete blocks
• Build the epicenter
  building
       Phase 2: Tipping Point
• Chief donates land
• Learn to make
  concrete blocks
• Build the epicenter
  building
• Subcommittees for
  health, education…
        Phase 2: Tipping Point
• Chief donates land
• Learn to make
  concrete blocks
• Build the epicenter
  building
• Subcommittees for
  health, education, etc.
• HIV/AIDS Gender
  Inequality workshop
        Phase 2: Tipping Point
• Chief donates land
• Learn to make
  concrete blocks
• Build the epicenter
  building
• Subcommittees for
  health, education, etc.
• HIV/AIDS Gender
  Inequality workshop
• Inauguration!
Phase 3: Progress in all sectors
 Phase 3: Progress on All Fronts
• Community Farm
 Phase 3: Progress on All Fronts
• Community Farm
• Food bank
 Phase 3: Progress on All Fronts
• Community Farm
• Food bank
• Women
  Empowerment
  Project (WEP)
 Phase 3: Progress on All Fronts
• Community Farm
• Food bank
• Women Empowerment
  Project
• Mobilize savings
 Phase 3: Progress on All Fronts
• Community Farm
• Food bank
• Women Empowerment
  Project
• Mobilize savings
• Bank Certification
        Phase 4: Self-reliance
• Low IMR, MMR             • Self-reliance,
• Water & sanitation         responsibility and
• Halt AIDS, Malaria         gender equality
• Sustainable              • Authors of their own
  livelihoods                development
• Sustainable              • Women as leaders
  environment
• Men return from cities
           $8 per person per year
                over 5 years
200
180
160
140
120
                                                   Credit
100                                                Construct
 80                                                Training
60
40
20
 0
      Year 1   Year 2   Year 3   Year 4   Year 5
      The next great challenge
• "The last 50 years of development practice
  have shown that project success is not
  enough. The greatest technical challenge
  lies not in identifying the right interventions
  or making them work in one village—but in
  taking known interventions to scale.―

  Investing in Development: A practical plan to Achieving the
  Millennium Development Goals, UN Millennium Project Report 2005
      Ghana Epicenter Scale-up
           Demonstration
• Eastern Region –
  already mobilized 7
  epicenters
• Not too far from the
  capital - Accra
• 16 rural districts – 1.3
  million rural people
• Good cooperation
  with local government
    Ghana - Eastern Region Scale-up
       120

       100

        80
Epicenters
         60

        40

        20

         0
              2006   2008   2010   2012   2014
          The Hunger Project
• Founded in 1977
• Currently working in 13 developing countries:
• West Africa – Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana,
  Senegal
• East Africa – Ethiopia, Uganda
• Southern Africa – Malawi, Mozambique
• South Asia – India, Bangladesh
• Latin America – Mexico, Peru, Bolivia
        The Hunger Project



• Giving more than 22 million people
  the opportunity to improve their lives
          The Hunger Project
• 2006 Global budget = $13.5 million
• 248 staff worldwide
• 150,000 volunteer leaders
• Staff and volunteers are all indigenous – no
  outsiders lead our programs in developing
  countries
• 79% $$ for Programs
• 21% $$ for Administration and Fundraising
• Charity Navigator – Four star rating (their
  highest)
  The Hunger Project - Funding
• Investment or charity?
• Investing as co-equal, strategic partners in
  creating a future free from hunger.
• Investing to have a meaningful personal stake in
  the historic process of ending hunger
• Investing as an intervention in our own
  complacency, consumerism, and status quo.
• Investing to obtain a substantial return – real,
  cost-effective, sustainable progress
  The Hunger Project - Funding
• How much to invest?
• Highest Appropriate Level
• Somewhere between
     • too low to remember that you did it
     • so high that it’s unrealistic and disempowering
• How you know?
     •   Inspired
     •   Awakened
     •   Courageous
     •   Connected to partners throughout the world
     Current Funding Sources
• Global Investment Group (GIG) – individuals,
  families and institutions at $5,000+/year
  (currently up to $1 million/year)
• GIG provides more than 75% of all our funding
• 90% comes from $1,000+
• Financial Family – monthly investment
• Various high level opportunities
• 10% from Foundations and Corporations
• Funding from 15 different countries
       How can I participate?
• Become an investor
• Make a list of others you think might be
  interested in learning about The Hunger Project
• Invite others or host gatherings for others to
  learn about The Hunger Project
• Learn to lead Hunger Project presentations
• Learn more – www.thp.org
• Contact The Hunger Project – locally or in New
  York at 212-251-9100 or info@thp.org
    Service Delivery vs. Empowerment
                     CONVENTIONAL, TOP-DOWN                   THE HUNGER PROJECT’S
                        SERVICE-DELIVERY                     BOTTOM-UP EMPOWERMENT
                             MODEL                                   MODEL
Who are hungry      Beneficiaries whose basic            Principal authors and actors in
people?             needs must be met.                   development – hardworking, creative
                                                         individuals who lack opportunities.
What must be        Provide services through             Mobilize and empower people’s self-
done?               government or charities.             reliant action, and stand in solidarity
                                                         with them for their success.
What’s the          Money and the expertise of           People: their vision, mobilization,
primary resource    consultants and program              entrepreneurial spirit and confidence.
for development?    managers.
Who is in charge?   Donors, who provide the money        Local people: through elected local
                    and hold implementers to             leaders whom they hold to account.
                    account.
What are the        Bureaucracy: the inefficiency of     Social conditions: resignation,
main constraints?   the delivery system.                 discrimination (particularly gender), lack
                                                         of leadership, lack of rights.
What is the role of Vulnerable group who must be         Key producers who must have a voice
women?              especially targeted beneficiaries.   in decision-making.
    Service Delivery vs. Empowerment
                       CONVENTIONAL, TOP-DOWN                 THE HUNGER PROJECT’S
                          SERVICE-DELIVERY                   BOTTOM-UP EMPOWERMENT
                               MODEL                                 MODEL
What about social      Immutable conditions that must Conditions that people can
and cultural issues?   be compensated for.            transform.
How should we focus    Carefully target beneficiaries on   Mobilize everyone as broadly as
our work?              an objective-needs basis.           possible – build spirit and
                                                           momentum of accomplishment.
What is the role of    Operate centrally managed           Decentralize resources and
central government?    service-delivery programs.          decision-making to local level; build
                                                           local capacity; set standards; protect
                                                           rights.
What is the role of    Implementing arm of central         Autonomous leadership directly
local government?      programs.                           accountable to people.
What is the role of    Implementing arm of central         Catalyst to mobilize people; fight for
civil society?         programs.                           their rights; empower people to keep
                                                           government accountable.

				
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Description: Projects on Investing 2000 Million in Pakistan document sample