THE HUNGER PROJECT A strategic organization committed to the sustainable end of chronic hunger When you think about ―world hunger‖ what are the first images that come to mind? When you see those images what thoughts arise? When you see those images and have those thoughts what feelings follow? What you’ve just described is a type of hunger called ―famine‖ - defined as ―a severe interruption in an already vulnerable area caused by natural and or/man-made disaster – for example, drought, earthquake, war…‖ Famine is ―an emergency‖ That’s how it gets into the TV news, onto the headlines, and into our minds as the main kind of severe hunger we know Famine accounts for less than 10% of world hunger The other 90% Chronic, persistent hunger Doesn’t look anything like ―famine‖ Chronic hunger Can be defined as ―not enough of the right kind of food over a long period of time‖ Unlike famine, chronic hunger is invisible and silent – even when you are looking right at it. How many? 854 million people - roughly 1 in 7 people in our world Today and everyday, 20,000 will die as a consequence of chronic hunger – ¾ under 5 years old. Not from starvation, but from diarrhea, flu, and other basic illnesses that we’ve all had and survived because we were not chronically hungry. Progress? Is world hunger better, worse or the same today as it was in the 1970’s? 1977 estimate = 41,000 deaths per day Every headline today could read: Humanity cuts hunger by half in 30 years! Where is most chronic hunger? 29% in sub-Saharan Africa The rest in Latin America, mostly amongst 35% in South Asia indigenous people, and in (India, Bangladesh, other parts of Asia Pakistan and Nepal) Hunger in the U.S.? Yes – and many great organizations are addressing it – it’s the severity and prevalence in South Asia, Africa and Latin America that are so much higher The Hunger Project is focused where chronic hunger is most widespread and severe Famine is… Fundamentally an issue of food – food shipments delivered quickly end famine Chronic hunger is fundamentally NOT an issue of food Consider India A net exporter of food for decades since the Green Revolution improved their agriculture in the 1950s and 1960s. • Today has more than 40 million tons of grain in storage • AND today - 47% of all children in India are malnourished – worse than Africa If food is not the answer? Chronic hunger is best understood as an issue of opportunity It occurs when people lack the opportunity to translate a full day’s work into enough: • Food • Money • Education • Health care • Voice in decisions affecting their lives Question becomes: Why is this opportunity so diminished where chronic hunger persists? 1996 study commissioned by UNICEF Asked why rates of malnutrition in South Asia were so much higher than most African countries, even though all other indicators such as economic growth, agricultural production, infrastructure – all suggested the opposite should be true? Conclusion: ―The exceptionally high rates of malnutrition in South Asia are rooted deep in the soil of inequality between men and women‖ Study revealed that severe discrimination against women and girls gives rise to ―a cycle of malnutrition‖ In India, since 2000 More than 50,000 elected women representatives in 14 states have completed the 3-day, residential Women’s Leadership Workshop. In India, since 2000 More than 100 local Indian non-governmental organizations are now partnering with The Hunger Project to provide ongoing trainings and support to these women as they work to transform the quality of life in their villages. In India, since 2001 • The Hunger Project’s Sarojini Naidu Prize for Journalists Reporting on Women in the Panchayats In 2001, 166 articles were submitted In 2006, 1517 articles were submitted Awards ceremony on Gandhi’s birthday, October 2 2006 was hosted by the Ministry of the Panchayati Raj at the Minister’s residence Ending Hunger In Africa • Leadership • Marginalization of Women Farmers • Infrastructure • HIV/AIDS The Epicenter Strategy: 5 years to self-reliance! Principles • Local leadership • Self-reliance • Gender Equality • Partnership with local government • Integrated strategy vs. sectoral, i.e. food production, income, education, health, nutrition, literacy et al…..all together • Minimal external inputs • Affordable, replicable, sustainable Essence of the Epicenter strategy • …to transform a culture of dependency, resignation, despair and discrimination against women and girls… • … to one of responsibility, self-reliance, and gender equality. Four phases - overview 1. Mobilization (1 year) 2. ―Tipping Point‖ (1 year) 3. Progress on all fronts (3 years) 4. Self-reliance • Demand-driven – people move when they are ready Phase 1: Mobilization • Support of local leaders Phase 1: Mobilization • Support of local leaders • Vision, Commitment, & Action workshop (VCA) Phase 1: Mobilization • Support of local leaders • VCA workshop • Train volunteer leaders called “Animators” Phase 1: Mobilization • Support of local leaders • VCA workshop • Train Animators • Animator Initiated Projects Phase 1: Mobilization • Support of local leaders • VCA workshop • Train Animators • Animator Initiated Projects Phase 1: Mobilization • Support of local leaders • VCA workshop • Train Animators • Animator Initiated Projects Phase 1: Mobilization • Support of local leaders • VCA workshop • Train Animators • Animator Initiated Projects • Elect Epicenter Committee Phase 2: Tipping Point • Chief donates land Phase 2: Tipping Point • Chief donates land • Learn to make concrete blocks Phase 2: Tipping Point • Chief donates land • Learn to make concrete blocks • Build the epicenter building Phase 2: Tipping Point • Chief donates land • Learn to make concrete blocks • Build the epicenter building • Subcommittees for health, education… Phase 2: Tipping Point • Chief donates land • Learn to make concrete blocks • Build the epicenter building • Subcommittees for health, education, etc. • HIV/AIDS Gender Inequality workshop Phase 2: Tipping Point • Chief donates land • Learn to make concrete blocks • Build the epicenter building • Subcommittees for health, education, etc. • HIV/AIDS Gender Inequality workshop • Inauguration! Phase 3: Progress in all sectors Phase 3: Progress on All Fronts • Community Farm Phase 3: Progress on All Fronts • Community Farm • Food bank Phase 3: Progress on All Fronts • Community Farm • Food bank • Women Empowerment Project (WEP) Phase 3: Progress on All Fronts • Community Farm • Food bank • Women Empowerment Project • Mobilize savings Phase 3: Progress on All Fronts • Community Farm • Food bank • Women Empowerment Project • Mobilize savings • Bank Certification Phase 4: Self-reliance • Low IMR, MMR • Self-reliance, • Water & sanitation responsibility and • Halt AIDS, Malaria gender equality • Sustainable • Authors of their own livelihoods development • Sustainable • Women as leaders environment • Men return from cities $8 per person per year over 5 years 200 180 160 140 120 Credit 100 Construct 80 Training 60 40 20 0 Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 The next great challenge • "The last 50 years of development practice have shown that project success is not enough. The greatest technical challenge lies not in identifying the right interventions or making them work in one village—but in taking known interventions to scale.― Investing in Development: A practical plan to Achieving the Millennium Development Goals, UN Millennium Project Report 2005 Ghana Epicenter Scale-up Demonstration • Eastern Region – already mobilized 7 epicenters • Not too far from the capital - Accra • 16 rural districts – 1.3 million rural people • Good cooperation with local government Ghana - Eastern Region Scale-up 120 100 80 Epicenters 60 40 20 0 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 The Hunger Project • Founded in 1977 • Currently working in 13 developing countries: • West Africa – Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Senegal • East Africa – Ethiopia, Uganda • Southern Africa – Malawi, Mozambique • South Asia – India, Bangladesh • Latin America – Mexico, Peru, Bolivia The Hunger Project • Giving more than 22 million people the opportunity to improve their lives The Hunger Project • 2006 Global budget = $13.5 million • 248 staff worldwide • 150,000 volunteer leaders • Staff and volunteers are all indigenous – no outsiders lead our programs in developing countries • 79% $$ for Programs • 21% $$ for Administration and Fundraising • Charity Navigator – Four star rating (their highest) The Hunger Project - Funding • Investment or charity? • Investing as co-equal, strategic partners in creating a future free from hunger. • Investing to have a meaningful personal stake in the historic process of ending hunger • Investing as an intervention in our own complacency, consumerism, and status quo. • Investing to obtain a substantial return – real, cost-effective, sustainable progress The Hunger Project - Funding • How much to invest? • Highest Appropriate Level • Somewhere between • too low to remember that you did it • so high that it’s unrealistic and disempowering • How you know? • Inspired • Awakened • Courageous • Connected to partners throughout the world Current Funding Sources • Global Investment Group (GIG) – individuals, families and institutions at $5,000+/year (currently up to $1 million/year) • GIG provides more than 75% of all our funding • 90% comes from $1,000+ • Financial Family – monthly investment • Various high level opportunities • 10% from Foundations and Corporations • Funding from 15 different countries How can I participate? • Become an investor • Make a list of others you think might be interested in learning about The Hunger Project • Invite others or host gatherings for others to learn about The Hunger Project • Learn to lead Hunger Project presentations • Learn more – www.thp.org • Contact The Hunger Project – locally or in New York at 212-251-9100 or firstname.lastname@example.org Service Delivery vs. Empowerment CONVENTIONAL, TOP-DOWN THE HUNGER PROJECT’S SERVICE-DELIVERY BOTTOM-UP EMPOWERMENT MODEL MODEL Who are hungry Beneficiaries whose basic Principal authors and actors in people? needs must be met. development – hardworking, creative individuals who lack opportunities. What must be Provide services through Mobilize and empower people’s self- done? government or charities. reliant action, and stand in solidarity with them for their success. What’s the Money and the expertise of People: their vision, mobilization, primary resource consultants and program entrepreneurial spirit and confidence. for development? managers. Who is in charge? Donors, who provide the money Local people: through elected local and hold implementers to leaders whom they hold to account. account. What are the Bureaucracy: the inefficiency of Social conditions: resignation, main constraints? the delivery system. discrimination (particularly gender), lack of leadership, lack of rights. What is the role of Vulnerable group who must be Key producers who must have a voice women? especially targeted beneficiaries. in decision-making. Service Delivery vs. Empowerment CONVENTIONAL, TOP-DOWN THE HUNGER PROJECT’S SERVICE-DELIVERY BOTTOM-UP EMPOWERMENT MODEL MODEL What about social Immutable conditions that must Conditions that people can and cultural issues? be compensated for. transform. How should we focus Carefully target beneficiaries on Mobilize everyone as broadly as our work? an objective-needs basis. possible – build spirit and momentum of accomplishment. What is the role of Operate centrally managed Decentralize resources and central government? service-delivery programs. decision-making to local level; build local capacity; set standards; protect rights. What is the role of Implementing arm of central Autonomous leadership directly local government? programs. accountable to people. What is the role of Implementing arm of central Catalyst to mobilize people; fight for civil society? programs. their rights; empower people to keep government accountable.