Pupils Education Records Massachusetts

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					US Catholic Sisters:
 An Untold Story
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
    The
Untold Story
Colonial and
 Immigrant
Beginnings
   Ursulines in New Orleans, first in territory that
    became part of the United States (1727)
   Carmelites in Baltimore, first in newly
    independent United States (1792)
Elizabeth Ann Bayley
Seton founds Sisters of
Charity of St. Joseph’s
founded in Emmitsburg,
Maryland, the first group
of American women to
form a community (1809)
            Opening of the West
   Sisters of Charity and Sisters of Loretto in
    Kentucky (1812)
   Rose Philippine Duchesne and Religious of the
    Sacred Heart, Missouri (1819) open first free
    school west of the Mississippi.
   Beginnings of work among the Native American
    peoples
Prejudice leads to
violence: burning of an
Ursuline convent in
Charlestown,
Massachusetts (1834)
Mary Elizabeth
Lange founds in
Baltimore the Oblate
Sisters of
Providence, first
black community of
women (1829)
                                   Frances Cabrini,
                                   founder of the
                                   Missionaries of the Sacred
                                   Heart of Jesus,
                                   leads care for immigrants.


 Mother Francis Cabrini
Missionaries of the Sacred Heart
Epidemics and the consequences of immigration left many children orphaned.
                  Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart
                       Migration Studies, Staten Island
Two pioneering Sisters of Providence in the northwest
         Sisters of Providence Archives, Seattle
   Works of
Mercy and Justice
 Caring for the
Sick and Elderly
Henriette Delille founds nation’s second community
of black women, the Sisters of the Holy Family. She
also opens LaFon Nursing Facility of the Holy
Family, the oldest continuing nursing facility of its
kind in the United States.
Rose Hawthorne Lathrop,
the Catholic convert daughter of
Nathaniel Hawthorne, founds the
Dominican Sisters of Relief for
Incurable Cancer.
Austin Carroll leads the
Sisters of Mercy in the South
in caring for victims of
yellow fever
Mary Baptist Russell leads the
Sisters of Mercy in the care for the
sick during epidemics in
San Francisco

Sisters of Mercy also care for the
injured in the 1906 San Francisco
earthquake
Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word
   open smallpox hospital in Houston




       Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word Archives
Founding Hospitals
       and
 Educating Nurses
Sister-Founded Hospitals (1866 – 1917)

     Decade        Total # of hospitals
                   founded
     1870 – 79     46
     1880 – 89     80
     1890 – 99     104
     1900 – 09     136
     1910 – 19     113
     Total         479
                 Schools of Nursing




Students at St. Mary’s Hospital School of Nursing, Minneapolis, Minnesota (circa 1906)
Students at Divine Providence Hospital, Washington, DC
       Daughters of Charity, Emmitsburg, Maryland
Wartime Nursing
    Civil War and
Spanish-American War
          Civil War
              At least
             617 sisters
   from 21 different communities
   representing 12 separate orders
            nursed both
Union and Confederate soldiers during
            the Civil War
Sisters of Charity during the Civil War
           Satterlee Hospital
    Records of the Archdiocese of Philadelphia
Sisters of the Holy Cross, Sisters of St. Joseph of St. Louis, and
Sisters of Charity of Emmitsburg, Maryland with lay nurses at
        Camp Hamilton – Lexington, Kentucky – 1898.
A congregation of Native American Indian sisters, in their field
     uniforms, nursing in the Spanish-American War at
             Camp Onward in Savannah, Georgia
                   Milford, Pennsylvania Historical Society
 “The Catholic Sisters were
       the most efficient …
veritable Angels of Mercy.”
 - Lucius Chittenden, member of the cabinet
            of President Abraham Lincoln




                                              Portrait by Florence Meyer, White House Artist
 Sisters
   as
Educators
“During the 52-year span from 1866 to 1917,
more than 50,000 sisters devoted their entire religious
lives to teaching in parochial schools.
The statistics disclose an average increase of
107 parochial schools and
33,860 students covering 40 years.

Such phenomenal explosion would have been
impossible without sacrificial giving by the laity and
commitment by the rapidly increasing numbers of
sisters who taught without remuneration beyond bare
subsistence.
- Marvels of Charity, George C. Stewart, Jr.
       Parochial School Statistics

Year      Pupils      Catholic     Parochial
                      Population   Schools
1880      405,234     6,143,222    2,246
1890      633,238     8,277,039    3,194
1900      854,523     10,129,677   3,811
1910      1,237,251   14,347,027   4,845
1920      1,701,219   17,753,533   6,551
            Caroline Friess leads
School Sisters of Notre Dame in
opening free schools for children
                       and youth




                                          Mother Caroline Friess
                                    Archives of the School Sisters of Notre
                                        Dame, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Students and sisters of Our Lady of Lourdes School in Oakland, California
Student body at St. Mary’s Academy in Graceville, c. 1892 with a Sister of St. Joseph
Sister Marie de Lourdes Prenovost, CSJ and students at Cathedral School, St. Paul, 1951-52
                          Archives of Sisters of St. Joseph, St. Paul
Newsboys’ School, New Orleans
Sisters found,
administer and staff
first Catholic colleges
and universities for
women




Sister Julia McGroarty, SNDdeN
Founder, Trinity College, Washington, DC
First bachelor’s degree class of 1899 of the College of Notre Dame of
 Maryland, the first Catholic women’s college in America, founded in
  Baltimore in 1895. (Archives of the College of Notre Dame of Maryland)
College of New Rochelle basketball team, 1910-11
          Archives of College of New Rochelle
Sister M. Laurana, SBS, assistant professor of art at
             Xavier University, c. 1960
Xavier University Archives and Special Collections, New Orleans
   Working for
Justice and Peace
Advocates
for justice




              Sister Helen Prejean, CSJ
Women religious
annually protest to close
the School of the
Americas in Fort
Benning, Georgia.
Some have been arrested
for civil disobedience.
              Dominican Sisters of Grand Rapids, Michigan
Ardeth Platte, OP; Carol Gilbert, OP and Jackie Hudson, OP arrested and
              imprisoned for civil disobedience in protesting
                  the proliferation of nuclear weapons
                                          Work for
                                          the poor



Sister Mary Lou Daoust, MM, MD
     Catarina, Guatemala, 1984
Maryknoll Archives, Maryknoll, New York
Rosemarie Milazzo, MM -- Kenya Bura 1985
  Maryknoll Mission Archives – Maryknoll, NY
Sister Elise Monge, MM – Quito, Ecuador -- 1977
        Martyrs for
       advocating for
       justice for the
            poor


Sister Joan Sawyer, killed with seven prisoners at
         Lurigancho Prison in Lima, Peru in 1983
                 Missionary Sisters of St. Columban
   Adorers of the
   Precious Blood
         martyred
in Liberia in 1992
            Dorothy Stang, SNDdeN
martyred in 2005 for her work among
     the indigenous people of Brazil
     Facts about the
Leadership Conference of
   Women Religious
        (LCWR)
                    LCWR
               Founded in 1956
 A membership organization of leaders of
congregations of Catholic women religious
           in the United States
             Number of Members
             Approximately 1500
representing approximately 95% of the 67,000 Catholic
               sisters in the United States
        The scope of the
conference's concerns is
      broad and includes
collaborating in Catholic
      church and societal
    efforts that influence
         systemic change




                             LCWR President Mary Luke Tobin, SL at the
                                     Second Vatican Council
                                        LCWR studies significant
                                        trends and issues within the
                                        church and society




1991 LCWR President Donna Markham, OP
        with Pope John Paul II
 1979 LCWR president Theresa
Kane, RSM addresses Pope John
     Paul II on the inclusion of
           women in the church




                                   LCWR members utilize their corporate
                                   voice in solidarity with people who
                                   experience any form of violence or
                                   oppression

				
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