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Public Records History

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					                         Idaho State Historical Society
                  Public Archives & Research Library (PARL)
                          Military Records Workshop
                  Family History Conference - April 17, 2010


Colonial Wars. Prior to the Revolutionary War, colonists participated in various
wars, for example, the French and Indian War (1754-63). Few local militia
records, consisting of rosters and rolls, survive. Consult the National Archives
website for more detailed information about the colonial period wars:
http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/military/

Revolutionary War. No official United States government existed when the war
began. Only rosters and rolls are available for confrontations. Two types of
veterans’ benefits records exist: pensions and bounty.

Idaho’s public archives and research library (PARL) collection includes general to
specific secondary sources. Examples include books: from the United States
Dept. of the Interior, Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War
Pensions, and Descendants of John Caughey, 1747-1826, a Revolutionary War
Soldier of the 6th Pennsylvania Line.

Post Revolutionary War (up to 1861). Record types include the War of 1812,
Mexican War (1846-48), and eastern Indian wars.

PARL holds a number of secondary sources; i.e., books and periodicals.

 Notes:




Civil War. Generally, service records consist of draft records, histories of military
units, burial records. Veterans’ benefits records are almost exclusively pensions.
Although Confederate troop records are not as extensive as Union records,
various types of documents including pay rolls, hospital registers, and prison
records do exist.

Idaho’s early territorial history began with the influx of gold seekers about 1861 in
the panhandle region. After the Civil War, thousands of veterans of both the
Confederate and Union Armies and their families migrated westward. Over one
thousand of these veterans migrated to Idaho, and many died here. For this
reason, PARL civil war records focus on veterans’ benefits/services.


ISHS/PARL MILITARY RECORDS (APRIL, 2010)                                            1
PARL Civil War records/aids include the following:

    •    On-line Civil War Index - includes references to various types of records;
         ongoing updates; more than one entry per name if multiple records.
         http://www.digitalarchives.idaho.gov/RecordSeriesInfo.aspx?rsid=8
    •    Obituaries - in print; alphabetized binders in library. Ongoing updates.
    •    Soldiers’ Home - archives collection AR0019; registration book,
         applications, general operating records. See Civil War Index (link above).
    •    Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) - manuscript collection MS0034; an
         organization of Union veterans. See Civil War Index (link above).
    •    Maps - a small number of selective battlefields and troop positions.
    •    Vertical Files - arranged by subject.
    •    Books - Union and Confederate military records; i.e., Library of Congress
         call numbers E181, 482-294 and by state.
    •    Census records: 1890 Census Special Civil War Schedules Enumerating
         Widows and Veterans Census (M128-118) is available for Idaho and
         contains name, rank, unit, dates of enlistment and discharge along with
         disability incurred. The 1910 Federal Census provides Civil War veterans
         and widows of veterans data.

Consult the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System name index for military,
cemetery, prison, etc., information. http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/

 Notes:




19th Century Indian Wars. Battle of Bear River, Snake River War (1866-68),
Nez Perce War (1877), Bannock War (1878), Sheepeater Campaign (1879).

The PARL collection includes a variety of archived records: Soldier’s Home
(AR0019) registration, application and operating records, Adjutant General
Records (AR0011) muster rolls, correspondence, and discharge papers. In
addition, PARL holds microfilm and vertical files about forts, manuscript
collections, photographs, and Fort Boise and troop trail maps pertaining to the
Indian Wars. COMING SOON - Indian Wars index on the Idaho Digital Archives
link which will provide name, name of war, unit, dates of enlistment and
discharge, plus additional notes, if available.

 Notes:




ISHS/PARL MILITARY RECORDS (APRIL, 2010)                                              2
Spanish-American War/Philippine Insurrection. 1898-1902. Idahoans served
at a rate higher than the national average; known as the Volunteer Militia.

The PARL collection includes a variety of books and archived records: Soldier’s
Home (AR0019) registration, application and operating records, Adjutant General
Records (AR0011) muster rolls, correspondence, and discharge papers. PARL
also holds manuscript collections, photographs, and vertical file clippings about
the Spanish-American War.

    •    Check the Idaho Digital Archives Soldier’s Home indexes:
         http://www.digitalarchives.idaho.gov/RecordSeriesInfo.aspx?rsid=8
    •    COMING SOON to the Idaho Digital Archives, the Adjutant General
         records listings.

 Notes:




World War I - the “Great War;” US declares war on Germany April 6, 1917;
Germany signs armistice with Allies on November 11, 1918.
World War II - America declares war in 1941.

PARL World War I & II records/aids include the following:

    •    Books - an example, Persons from Idaho Who Were in World War I,
         includes photographs of Idaho soldiers, summary of casualties,
         Department of Defense statistics by state.
    •    Adjutant General Records – AR 0011; National Guard enrollment records
         1900-1919, biographical information including parents’ names;
         alphabetized, not indexed. Some officer’s records 1942-1945.
    •    WWI - Soldiers’ Home – AR 0019; registration book, applications, general
         operating records.
    •    WWI - Discharge Cards – COMING SOON - online index; includes
         deceased, nurses, deserters in addition to discharged soldiers.
    •    WWI War Census - AR0203; Owyhee County only. Cards include war
         bonds purchased, occupation of county residents.
    •    WWI Photographs - “Idaho Militia” photograph boards.
    •    WWII Photographs - “U.S. Navy,” “Ships Commissioning” photograph
         boards.
    •    Manuscript Collections - Survivors of Wake, Guam & Cavite, Inc.
         (MS0738), civilian prisoners of war status entitled to veterans’ benefits,
         collection includes organization records (founded in 1959), photographs
         and news articles about camps and reunions.


ISHS/PARL MILITARY RECORDS (APRIL, 2010)                                              3
    •    Oral Histories - Women in WWII, Gowen Field during WWII, WWII GI
         Homesteaders in Minidoka County. See the PARL oral history online
         index: http://www.history.idaho.gov/oralhistory_ohprojects.html
    •    Maps - Pocatello Air Force Base during WWII, Gowen Field.
    •    Microfilm - WWII Military Records of Pocatello & Surrounding Area;
         includes newspaper clippings, photographs. Select county military
         records i.e., discharge.
    •    Vertical Files containing select newspaper clippings, ephemera.
    •    Burials by County - COMING SOON (2010 volunteer project) indexed
         veterans’ cemetery records.


 Notes:




Korea/Vietnam/Desert Storm – Korea (1950-1953), Vietnam (1960-1975),
Operation Desert Storm (1991)

    •    Oral Histories: Vietnam War Experiences Project. Online listing of
         interviews http://www.history.idaho.gov/oralhistory_ohprojects.html
    •    Vertical Files containing select newspaper clippings, ephemera.
    •    Consult NARA for more extensive veterans information:
         http://www.archives.gov/veterans/

 Notes:




Women’s & Veterans’ Organizations. Idaho’s PARL holds manuscript
collections, photographs, and vertical files of military organizations:

    •    Sons of American Revolution - vertical file.
    •    GAR – (MS 0034); Grand Army of the Republic ; an organization of Union
         Veterans.
    •    Spanish-American Auxiliary – (MS0054) manuscript collection.
    •    Veterans of WWI Women’s Auxilliary - (MS 0619) manuscript collection
         1955-1992; includes several Idaho auxiliaries.
    •    American Legion - vertical file.



ISHS/PARL MILITARY RECORDS (APRIL, 2010)                                          4
    •    Wake Island Survivors - (MS0738) manuscript collection; survivors of
         Wake, Guam & Cavite, Inc.
    •    Idaho POW/MIA Inc. - (MS0514) 1971-1974; clippings, minutes, etc.

 Notes:




Idaho National Guard. Oral histories and photographs are available for the
Idaho National Guard.

See the PARL oral history online index:
http://www.history.idaho.gov/oralhistory_ohprojects.html

 Notes:




State Documents. Adjutant General and Soldiers Home annual reports are
available. PARL staff can assist with locating these materials.

General Collection. Military and military science materials are included with the
library collection. PARL staff can assist with locating these materials.

Census Collection. Several federal censuses include military related
information. 1840 contains Revolutionary War pensioner information. Although
the 1890 census did not survive for Idaho, the 1890 Census Special Civil War
Schedules Enumerating Widows and Veterans Census (M128-118) is available
for Idaho and contains name, rank, unit, dates of enlistment and discharge along
with disability incurred.




ISHS/PARL MILITARY RECORDS (APRIL, 2010)                                           5

				
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