Psychological Triggers in Real Estate

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					Passage Home Inc.
     A Faith Based, Interracial
Community Development Corporation
            Since 1991
  Serving Raleigh & Wake County
          North Carolina

            Faith Partners

 Collaboration of Twelve congregations
  across Raleigh including African American,
  Majority and Hispanic influenced traditions;
 Written “Covenant” Agreement with each
  Faith Partner - documents the partnership
  and outlines projects, volunteer
  opportunities and capacity building and
 To strengthen low wealth families and
  neighborhoods using a community economic
  development strategy that includes:
 Helping families in transition, providing
  economic opportunities such as home
  ownership, job creation and business
  development, providing affordable housing,
  and encouraging the spiritual well being of
  the families and communities we serve.

               Core Activities
   Transitional Housing & Support Services
       Matthew House for Homeless Families
       Harriet’s House for Female Ex-Offenders w/ Children
 Home Buyer Education-IDA Matched Savings
 Permanent Affordable (Supportive) Housing
 Real Estate Development – single and multi-
 Neighborhood Revitalization including
  community organizing and housing restoration-
  Weed and Seed Partnership-Project Safe

               Re-Entry Strategies
   Neighborhood                          Harriet’s House
                                               Specialized Transitional
    Development & Housing                       Housing Program
    Restoration                                Four Phases
       Weed & Seed                               • Transitions
                                                  • Community Living
       Project Safe
                                                  • Permanent Housing
        Neighborhoods                             • After Care
       Community Call-Ins                Inter-generational
       Community Resource                     Intensive Case Management
        Coordinator – assists
        targeted ex-offenders to               Intensive Services – Life Care,
                                                Financial Management,
        obtain critical supports and
                                                Employment & Job Training,
        services including housing              Parenting, Conflict Resolution,
                                                Peer Support

   How should Re-Entry Programs be integrated into low
    resource neighborhoods, often times the very
    neighborhoods (or similar) the person lived in prior to
    entering prison?
   Passage Home works in a Weed and Seed
    neighborhood of southeast Raleigh – economically
    challenged, home of two women’s prisons, one max
    security for men, two shelters, greater than 50%
    unemployment, >50% rental, >50% absentee
    landlord; greater than 60% of home owners are
    elderly; we resist placing our women into this
    neighborhood for permanent housing -

          Weed and Seed Strategy
              Primary Goals
 To engage residents in problem solving
 To minimize negative and criminal activities
  and build economic opportunities
       Seeding or increasing positive and restorative
        activities in housing and human capacity
        building, commercial and job creation activities
       Build upon the assets of the community,
        particularly the human capacity.

             Harriet’s House
              Primary goals
   Reduce recidivism.
   Assist mothers in regaining custody and
    care of their children.
   Help women obtain and maintain permanent
    safe and affordable housing.
   Help women obtain and maintain (living
    wage) employment.
   Help women return to the community and
    adopt a positive and responsible lifestyle.

    Comprehensive – Progressive
or in prison

                Matthew House - Harriet’s House
          Intensive Wrap-A-Round Case Management,
            Peer Support, Parenting classes, AA/NA,
               Employment Planning & Support,
                 Permanent Affordable Housing

                                             Permanent Affordable
                                                  Housing –
                                                 Ruth’s House (PH)
                                                 Home Ownership
                                                Market Rate & LIHTC
                                                 Other subsidized

    Harriet’s House-Program Process
               Four Phases
 Intake-begins 3 months prior to release:
 Women referred by prison Social Worker (must
  have custody of children and no child abuse
 Intake and Assessment: Face to Face interview
  and psychological.
 Acceptance letter and release date: Case
  Manager or PPO (Parole/Probation Officer) will
  pick up at facility and bring to HH site.

         Phase I: Supervised Living
              (first 6 months)

 Clustered community living approach women live
  together in shared, supervised living quarters.
 Case Manager works on site.
      • Acquire employment
      • Begin budgeting program
      • If required will complete a GED program and or
        acquire new skills through on the job training
        or voc rehab
      • Participating in MH counseling, SA therapeutic
        sessions and Parenting groups.
      • Random urine screens, curfew checks
      • Begin weekend visits with child/children
        increasing to longer times of visit

      Phase II: Transitional Living
             (6-12 months)

   Clustered community but in own unit with
    children under their supervision.
   Children reunited with mothers and
    participating in community activities,
    attending and thriving in school, attending
    family and individual counseling sessions
    as necessary.
   Housing analysis determines type of
    permanent housing for independent living.
   Monthly housing inspections-random urine
    tests-continued case management

       Phase III: Community Living
                (6 months)

   Secures permanent, affordable housing;
   Living on her own, in a permanent housing
    unit, fully employed;
   Continued support and connections with
    decreasing case management;
   Fully employed, learns to navigate within the
    community and peer networks.

              Phase IV: Aftercare
                 (6 months)
 Living in permanent housing - Clients
  monitored in all areas of previous Phases.
 Clients in this stage should be managing
  all areas such as:
     Finances (paying rent in a timely manner,
      maintaining savings account)
     Parenting
     Staying clean and sober
     Maintain employment

                                Outcome Measures
   Current Capacity and Track Record
   Provide transitional housing, support services and after care for up
    to 20 families per year

   Average “residency” within program at 18 months per family

   Year to date served: 126                   (126 women and 298 children.)*
   Home Owners to Date:                               10*

   Recidivism Rate: (17% reconvictions)**
   Number placed in permanent housing:                                   38 out of 48 79%
   Number employed:                                                      40 out of 48 83%


*Numbers Based on total program participants     ** Numbers based on last 3 years of client participation

                  Funding & Support
   Neighborhood                         Harriet’s House
       U.S. Dept. of Justice “Weed
        & Seed”                              Dept. of Corrections
       Other Federal Grants                 US HUD
       Project Safe Neighborhood
                                             Federal FEMA/ESG
       IDA matched savings
       Churches                             Governor’s Crime
       Corporations                          Control
       Foundations                           Individual donors
       Financial Institutions
       Intermediaries
                                             Churches
       Local - CHDO                         Corporations
                                             Foundations
                                             Intermediaries

      Opportunities - Harriet’s House

 Deliberate and intensive services
 Provide opportunities to “live on their own”
 Help the women learn and re-learn personal living
 Slow their return to parenting until they have
  adjusted to being on their own;
 Adopt an inter-generational approach
 Celebrate success – Family Reunion, Sisterhood
  Retreats, Connections (peer support).
NIMBY-ism (Not In My Back Yard)

Opportunities-Neighborhood RE-Entry
   Provide access to resources for
    rehabilitation within the neighborhood
   Develop permanent affordable housing
    within the neighborhood
   Non-residential interventions – assist men
    and women as they “return” to the
    neighborhood of origin
   Create Economic Opportunities and
    employment strategies within the
   Strength – family and personal networks
                Issues & Threats
   Neighborhoods have limited resources
   Re-vitalization strategy is young-emerging
   Presence of drug & prostitution prevalent – “triggers” of old
   Weeding aspect strong – elements of parole violations
   Employment choices limited
   Housing inventory limited-substandard housing prevalent
   Zip codes have the highest rate of returning ex-offenders
   Going Home Initiative targets these neighborhoods
   Success requires a housing-employment-services strategy


 Develop programs within neighborhoods that
  capture the strengths of programs such as
  Harriet’s House.
 Minimize NIMBY-ism within these
  neighborhoods – folks are being released to the
  neighborhood but a formal “program” may
  stimulate resistance.
 Advocate for funding agencies to support
  integration of “programs” within neighborhoods.
 Engage residents program and housing
              Contact Information
Main number: 919-834-0666  

      Executive Director,         Lisa Crosslin      x 226

      Program Manager,            Cynthia Laws-Davis x 236

      Weed & Seed Site Director   Tonia Winters (919) 256-4257

            For additional training and consultation contact:
        Jeanne Tedrow, President/CEO 919-834-0666 ext 230


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