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					English at Leisure
              Unit One

Your Objectives

At the end of this unit you should be
able to :
----define/describe shopping facilities

-----follow store plans
----ask for explanation/clarification
----interact with salespeople
----identify/describe desired goods
----comment on quality/suitability
----make suggestions
-----describe faulty purchases
-----follow guarantees
------write letters of complaint

Shops and Stores
Activity 2
             In a department store
                                                                      shopping facilities

corner shop                 department store                 supermarket            open market                        shopping mall
 local shop                                                  hypermarket           indoor market
 small shop                                                   minimarket           street market

                clothes                       lingerie                                                   boutique                       flower shop
              coordinates                    knitwear                              vegetable stall      shoe shop                          gift shop
              accessories                    casuals                                  fruit stall                                         jeweller's
                                        underwear /hosiery

       electrical appliances                 stationery                                                  butcher's                        baker's
           kitchenwear                      handicrafts                                                antique shop                    delicatessen
             ovenwear                  luggage /travel goods                                         second-hand shop                  greengrocer's
               cutlery                     confectionery

               homecare                        cosmetics                                                newsagent's
                  DIY                          perfumes                                                travel agency
              furnishings                       toiletries
Activity 2
In a department store

Questions used to ask for clarification
of words:
----What is /are …?
----What does the word …mean?
Useful words :
wear--clothes:children‟s wear,
sportswear, school wear,
bikinis),leisurewear, maternity
wear,knitwear, underwear
-ware---things: glassware, hardware,
software, kitchenware, silverware,
Activity 3
Shopping Experience in UK
Something which needs to be
considered in shopping, esp. buying
----size, colour, style, shape, comfort,
price, quality,pocket, buttons , zips, the
collar, stitching,
material-----cotton, silk,, wool, linen,
polyester, nylon and viscose
Useful offers of help and responses:
1.---Can I help you,madam/miss/ ladies/sir?
---- I‟m just looking at the moment
2.----Do you have anything in particular in mind?
----I‟m looking for a …
3. What exactly are you looking for? Something
smart?Something for a special occasion, perhaps?
---- I suppose I want...
Useful offers of help and responses:
4. What color are you thinking of?
---- Well, I‟d love to go for something
unusual like fashionable, perhaps
5. What size are you?
---I‟m size 10.
6. --How about …?       /What about…?
7. Why don‟t you try it on?
-----It‟s too big /small/ red/ grey/dull/dark/ light, isn‟t
----Short skirts don‟t really suit me.
---Well, I‟m afraid these two colours don‟t match
each other.
-----They are cute , but the price.
8. It quite suits you with your blonde hair/black
9. It‟s a good fit. / It fits you.
10. Light blue would be nice .
Activity 4
Shopping Protection

Match the words in rectangle with
those in oval according to the
similar meaning.
Faulty goods
The following elements should be
covered while dealing with the faulty
exact problem; purchasing date; date of
starting problem;
proof of purchase ( the guarantee and the
receipt); guarantee period; repairer; time
necessary for repairs
Useful expressions in describing the faulty
Good morning . Can I help you?
---I bought this bag/jacket/vaccum cleaner…, and
now it seems to be broken/ doesn‟t work.
O dear, what exactly seems to be the problem?
---- The zip doesn‟t close/it doesn‟t collect the dust.
Yes, it‟s definitely faulty. I do apologize. Do you
have proof of purchase?
----Yes, here‟s the receipt.
Thank you . Yes, that seems to be in
order. Now would you like a refund or
would you like to exchange it for a
new one that isn‟t faulty?I can give
you your money back if you like.
----I‟d like to exchange it, please.
That‟s fine. Would you like the same
Activity 6
Faulty goods again
Features of a Formal letter: Formal
language is often characterized by longer
words than informal, everyday
language:inefficient --bad; imagine--
guess; further---more;
Another feature is that formal language
tends to use single verbs rather than
phrasal verbs : returned ---went back ;
completed-- filled in ; apologize --sorry
              Unit Two

   Gatherings and Celebrations

Your objectives:
At the end of this unit you should be
able to :
• At the end of this unit you should be able to :
----to express greetings/ congratulations
---exchange personal news
----comment on appearance/physical changes
----make informal announcements
-----discuss/comment on past events
-----respond to formal/informal invitations
-----write informal letters
key points
Greetings in General
 Many Happy Returns of the Day!
Wishing You Many More Happy Years
Happy Birthday
One year older , One year wiser!
Many Happy Returns of Your Wedding
Comment on each other’s appearance
Comment on the
---general appearance
------hair style
---a new dress
--- new shoes
--- a new car
----the kids
Comment on each other’s appearance--I
think you’ve lost some weight.
---- You’ve changed your hair.
-----You’ve had your hair done.
---What a good figure/ shape you have!
---You are looking very well.
--- You look lovely with your hair.
----It’s a lovely colour.
----You look perfect in this new dress!
---- You look smart.

----You‘ve changed your hair, how wonderful!
Response to the comment
Requesting News
---What’s been happening?
----How’s work?
---Tell us all the news.
----What’s new?
----How are you getting along with your
-----How is everything going?
---That’s wonderful news.
---Congratulations, both of you.
----I’m very happy for you.
----That’s great!

--I’d like to propose a toast
  to Jim and Ann.
---May they have many
many happy years together! Cheers!
----To Susan and Frank. All the best!
----to the Happy couple! Cheers.
--- I’d like to propose a toast to the health
   of Prof. Philip!
Useful expressions
    How to write a formal invitation
•                      Mr .&Mrs. A
•          You are cordially invited to
•             the official opening
of …/wedding              ceremony of A and
B/ 10th wedding anniversary
•   of a and b/ Cocktail Party
•           at 4 p.m. on Saturday, October 8th.
•   The Secretary(R.Peters)
•   Clayton city Library
•   South Street
• Clayton Cl4 3 PA
•   Tel: 597 8144
       How to write a formal invitation
•                Don and Donna Ennis
•      joyfully invite you to / request the pleasure of
your company to a Valentine’s Day Party
•         celebrating their Silver Wedding
•              on 14th February
•                in Portland
•            47 Weymouth Road
•                at 7 pm
•               RSVP Tel. 562975
        How to accept an invitation
•      Many thanks for your kind invitation
to the Library opening ceremony .I regret that
I am unable to accept because we have a
prior engagement. / I am delighted to accept
and look forward to seeing you on September
21st. / I was really happy to receive your
invitation to your wedding anniversary party.
I‟d love to come. Looking forward to seeing
you on Saturday, 21st.
              Accepting an Invitation
                   •   Student A
 - Start the conversation in a suitable way.
--- Thank your friends for the invitation.
----Say how you will be traveling.
----Say when you will be arriving.
----Ask about accommodation.
----Ask about a present
-- Any other details ? For example what to wear
---find out something about the party
            Accepting an Invitation
•   Student B
--Respond to your partner in a suitable way
--Say how pleased you are
---Ask about traveling arrangements.
--Find out how long your guests will be staying
---Offer to put them up.
--- Suggest a suitable present.
---Give some details about the party, for example
other guests.
---Answer and respond to any questions.
          Unit Three

     Eating and Drinking

Your objectives:
At the end of this unit, you should be
able to :
Your objectives:
At the end of this unit, you should be able to :
Ask about / describe ingredients/utensil, etc.
 Express preferences
Give reasons
Reject suggestions/ offer alternatives
Follow menus
Order food in a restaurant
Make suggestions
Ask about /describe dishes
Describe a (n) eating/drinking experience
Follow a written guide
key points

4   Kitchens
4   Interest in Food
4 An Outing to a Restaurant
4 A Pot Luck Supper
4 Chinese Menus
4   British Pubs
4   Following an Information Leaflet
4 A New Experience
       Useful words for kitchen
Questions about a dish:
What ingredients it is made from?
What is it cooked in?
What is it served on?
How is it presented?
What does it like ?
What do we eat it with ?
                     Interest in food
v I love kitchen gadgets—special utensils for
peeling , mixing things, grating things and so on.
v I‟m really into experimenting in the kitchen.
v I have a very sweet tooth so I
   adore desserts.
v I‟m a wine enthusiast.
v I‟m a big fan of Chinese food.
v I do like Western food.
v I get great pleasure from setting the table…
v I particularly like…
    Giving Reasons for Your Choices
4 I think…would be an ideal gift for …
because he/she ...
Rejecting Suggestions & Offering Alternatives
   We could buy a beer making kit for Sally.
   Yes, we could, but she‟s more interested in
                wine, I think.
          Seating the dinner
   This way, please.
               Could you follow me,
           Here‟s your table. Is it all right?
             Please wait in the lounge,
we‟ll give you a call.
             What about that one?
Useful language for food and drink

4 What would you like to eat?

4 What would you like to drink?

4 Tea or coffee?
    Making suggestions in a restaurant
---Why not have fish and chips?
----You could try the shepherd’s pie?
        ----You could try the lamb stew.
        ----- I’d recommend apples in toffee
           ---- You could try it and see
            ----Do you fancy that cottage pie?
            ----I‟d recommend the Caesar
            Unit Four

    Home Improvements

Your objectives:
At the end of this unit you should be able
to :
•    To discuss home improvement
•   To describe furniture
•    To discuss furniture arrangement
•   To respond to suggestions
•   To talk about repairmen
•   To describe common tools
•   To describe household problems
    To describe a room
key points
•   Liu Li and Rachel‟s room
•   do it yourself
•   Skilled workers
•   Household repairs
•   discussing furniture arrangement
    describing rooms
       Improving the Room
• Imagine your friend wants to
improve his/her rather dark and
gloomy flat. What suggestions could
you make?
You could …
• You could have something done, -
-- have it repaired/rewired/ re-
plastered/ redecorated /have a new
carpet fitted
• buy some plants, make curtains,
make cushion covers, build book
shelves, replace the mosquito netting in
the window screens , paint the walls,
change the lighting, put down the new
floor covering/ carpet, have the
telephone connected, choose/buy some
furniture, buy a washing machine,
arrange the furniture, fit a new lock on
the door, hang some pictures
                   Home Improvement
•   Useful expressions:
•   How is the room coming along?
•   We spent a fortune buying the other things we need.
•   It’s been good fun.
•   We’ve made some bright yellow curtains.
• The sofa bed is covered in brightly colored, patterned
• It converts from a colorful sofa during the day to a
comfortable bed at night!
• They are really convenient .We’re concerned about
saving space, you see.
•   The dining table folds up too.
•   Useful language:
    Activity 3   Skilled Workers
• Which of the following tool boxes
belong to a plumber / a joiner/ an
•   The pipe is leaking
•   My washing machine has broken down.
•   Our central heating system has stopped working.
•   The lighting have fused.
•   The TV has broken down.
•   The gas pipe in the kitchen is leaking.
•   The lock isn‟t working properly.
•   There‟s an electrical fault, I think.
•   I‟m having problems with the gas cooker.
•   There‟s something wrong with the air-condition system.
     Discussing Furniture Arrangement
•     The description of the position :
•   Between the bed and the wall, behind the door
•   In the left hand corner, beside the window,
• In the corner, against the left hand wall, at the
door end of the room,
•   In front of the window
•   Beside the wardrobe, after a small gap/space

•   Against the wall, in the space behind the door
     Unit Five

Entertainment at Home
¨ Your objectives:
¨ Talk about your own home-based
hobbies/leisure activities
¨ Ask about other people’s
¨ Chat about modern home entertainment
¨ Discuss plans for an evening ‘s home
¨ Identify different types of TV programmes
¨ Describe TV programmes
¨ Use expressions of gentle persuasion
¨ Follow written accounts of TV programmes
                Key Points
     Activity 1 Home Entertainment
     Listening to music, needlework and knitting,
collecting stamps, keeping house plants, playing cards,
 practicing Chinese calligraphy, giving parties, doing
    crossword puzzles, watching TV, keeping pets,
 gardening, drawing and painting, cooking, chatting ,
   reading, playing video /computer games, playing
          Chinese Majiang, playing go/chess
¨ Some useful language:
¨ How do you spend your free time?
¨ What do you do in your spare time?
¨ Do you have any particular hobbies?
¨ What sort of things do you like doing
when you’re at home?
¨ How do you amuse yourself when
you’re at home?
¨ What do you do at home when you have
some time to yourself?
        Responding to survey results
¨ I‟m surprised ( to discover) that not many
British women do needlework and knitting
during their leisure time. These activities are
very time-consuming.
¨ I‟m not surprised (to discover) that some
British women do gardening in their free time.
Women are good at gardening.
¨ Listening to radio has always been a more
popular activity than gardening.
¨ Reading books is still less popular than
watching TV.
¨ As in 1985, the most popular leisure
activities among British women are
watching TV and visiting friends. The
number of women who do gardening and
DIY has increasing / rising since 1985
while the number of those doing knitting
and needlework has decreased / declined .
The statistics generally suggest that
women have more leisure time today than
they had in the past.
           TV Programmes
¨ Variety shows are very popular,it is a
general phrase for various entertaining
¨ A documentary program is a
program which provides a record or
report of facts.
¨ A children’s cartoon is a TV program
made by animating a set of drawings of
stories for children.
¨ A docudrama is a dramatized television
film based on real events.
A TV series is a set of TV programs which
have the same actors, etc. , but each has a
complete story in itself.
¨ A TV serial is a TV play , with a
continuing story , which is shown in regular
¨ A live broadcast is an event watched on
TV at the time of its performance, e.g.a sports
event, a political campaign, a quiz show, etc.
         The summary of a film
¨ The film Regrets for the Past is a
romance / a life drama . It’s based on a
short story by LU Xun. It’s about an
educated couple who fall in love, marry
and then separate . It has a sad ending.
There are no well-known actors in it
and the director is not famous either. It‟s
on CCTV 7 at 8:30.
¨ Star----to have somebody in an
important role, to have somebody play an
important par.
¨ She has starred in many pictures/
¨ They starred her for the first film.
¨ The film stars …
  Talking about an Evening Show
¨ The King and I is a gentle ,
sentimental film with lots of old songs.
It stars Deborah Kerr and Yul Bryner.
¨ Kindergarten Cop is a fantastic,
funny and exciting film with a bit of
everything . It stars Arnold
Unit 6

Your Objectives :
n   At the end of this unit, you should be able to :
n talk / ask about travel & holidays
n follow /extract information from schedules
n   request information
n make bookings
n   arrange accommodation
n   describe a place ( in positive terms)
n write postcards
Key Points
Warming up exercises
n Say reasons why people go on trips for pleasure:
n Some people travel for business, They go on trips
to attend meetings, make business deals, sign contracts
and so on.
n Some people travel for pleasure. They go on trips
to visit museums, go sight-seeing , visit relatives, lie
on beaches and so on.
Naming Your Luggage
n A backpack
n A travel bag
n A lady‟s handbag
n A trunk
n A rucksack
n   a briefcase
n A flight bag
n A pair of sunglasses
Some abbreviations in timetable
n Dep.-- Departure time
n Arri.---Arrival time     SF--- Shanghai Airlines
n Flight --- Flight number      CJ--- china Northern Airlines
n C A---Air China        WH: China Northwest Airlines
n CZ---China Southern Airlines
n SZ--- China Southwest Airlines
n A/C--- Aircraft types
n F---First class   C--- Business class Y—Economy class
n K—Budget class
Activity 2
Gavin’s Travel Plan
Some information concerned:
Making a Phone Call to an Airline Agent
n ---I‟d like to have some information on flights
to Shanghai, please.
n Or could you give me some information on
flights to Shanghai, please?
n --When are you hoping to travel ?/ When
would you like to travel?
n ---What time (of day) would you like to leave ?
n ----What time does it arrive in Shanghai?
Making a Phone Call to an Airline
n --What about the price?
n ---Single or return ? / Would you like
a single or return ticket?
n ---How are you planning to pay?
n --- Could I take your full name?
Traveling sources
n ---offering advice on how to select the best
n ---- describing different destinations
n ----suggesting ways of traveling cheaply,
Comfortably and easily
-----recommending good place to stay
----containing lots of advertisements for
different travel companies
Traveling sources
n ---A house-swap holiday is one which
involves exchanging your home with another
family for a limited period.
n --- A package holiday is one in which
everything is arranged for you: the journey ,
the accommodation and even the sight-seeing.
n ---- A self-catering holiday is one in
which you cook for yourself in a rented
cottage or apartment.
Traveling sources
n --- A caravan holiday is when you tow „your
own home‟ behind your car and then find a special
site in which to park. You use the bathrooms
provided but sleep in your own bed! You then
move on to your next destination, as you choose.
n ---A holiday camp is a place where guests stay
in small chalets or rooms but may have access to a
range of shared facilities and entertainment ( like
swimming pools, amusement parks, night-clubs,
musical performance and so on) .
Traveling sources
n --- A specialist tour is a sort of
package holiday which is arranged for
people with special interests such as
architecture, politics or even food!
Booking a Room by Phone
n ---How many nights would you be wanting
to stay?
n ---And when would you be planning to
arrive? Friday or Saturday?
n ---And do you need a single room or a
double room.?
n ----What name is it, please?
n --- Is that your family name?
n ---Do you know where to find us?
Useful words and expressions
n It is a genuine hideaway, tucked in a secluded
valley near the Scottish border and surrounded by
some of the most spectacular scenery in the North
of England.
n ---safari: hunting expedition ;overland journey,
esp. in East and Central Asia ; (by extension)
organized tour ( for people on holiday ) to game
reserves, etc.
Describing an Island
The Galapagos Islands have
something for everyone: white sandy
beaches for those who like
sunbathing, clean sea for those who
enjoy swimming, glorious sunshine
for sun-worshippers, wild life for
those who enjoy animals and trees
and plants for nature lovers.
Describing your Hometown
Pingchang is located in Southern Jinagsu. It
is an interesting town and has something for
everyone: a winding river for those who
love to take peaceful walks, a…
   It’s a pleasant experience visiting
Pingchang. The sunsets are wonderful to
watch, the local beer is delicious to drink,
the restaurants delightful to dine in the…So,
drop in for a day or stay for a while and get
to know a new place.
Traveling sources
Splendido, Portofino, Italy
Ancient villa set on hillside overlooking
spectacular bay & harbour of Portofino.
4 acres of romantic tropical gardens &
palm trees.69 guest rooms, including
suites.Variety of leisure & sport
facilities available.
Tel: 00 39 185 269 551
Traveling sources
La Residencia, Mallorea, Spain
An ideal spot for your dream holiday. Nestling
between the sea and the mountains, 63 rooms, 2
suites with private pool , 2 tennis courts, heated
swimming pools , gymnasium, health and
beauty center, El Olivo gourmet restaurant, so
Fony restaurant. Poolside restaurant, bar, rocky
cove. Tel:003471639011

---flora and fuana: plants and animals
---stupendous : surprisingly great
Asking for a description or opinion
n Part B
Booking an airline ticket
n Book me two economy class seats on JAL Flight
104 to Hongkong.
n I think I‟ll fly coach on the 4:20 p.m. flight.我想
要下午4:20 分班机的二等机票,
n I‟d like to confirm our connecting flight
reservations, please.
n I‟m going to break my journey at Guiling.
n I‟m going to stopover at New York.我打算在纽
Unit 7

Your Objectives :
l At the end of this unit, you should be able to :
l Talk about sports interests
l Ask about particular sports
l Explain particular
l Extract information from written commentaries
l Follow reports of sports/ games played
l Describe sports / games seen
l Follow /give instructions for physical exercises
Key Points
l Describing Sports Interests
l Describing Sports
l Reading about Sport
l Asking for and Giving Information
l Reading Sports reports
l Talking about Sports News
l Following Instructions
               Special terms on sports
l Cricket     chess basketball tennis
l sailing horse-racing high jump         bridge
l   football volleyball philately swimming
l   horse riding water-polo   running
l   gymnastics ballet ice-skating athletics
l   tai ji   soccer golf hockey wrestling

l   baseball badminton      squash diving

l   yoga rugby
               Stating Your Interests
l I am a sports fanatic. I love most/all sports - as
both a participant and as a spectator.
l I love/like doing sport but I find watching other
people rather frustrating.
l I am quite a sporty person. I enjoy all kinds of
different sport.
l I occasionally play /go/do _______ but don‟t do
any other sports.
l I rarely / never do any physical exercise but I
enjoy watching sports.
l I dislike all forms of sport and physical exercise.
    Identifying the sport described
l This game is played by two teams,
with five players. It is usually played
indoors on a hardwood court. The aim /
purpose is to pass the ball through a hoop,
or a “basket”, at the opponent‟s end of the
court. The team that scores the most
points wins the game.
     Identify the sport described
l This game is played by two teams
each with 11 players. It is played on a
pitch similar to a football pitch. Each
player has a stick with which to hit a
small, hard ball. The aim of the game is
to score goals.
     Description of a sport fan
l Joe is a Newcastle fan. He knows
the results of the match between
Newcastle and Leeds because he went
to watch it live at the stadium. He is
very excited about the Newcastle
victory. He hopes to watch the match
again later on TV.
       Expressing Enthusiasm
l It‟s fantastic.
l ... , it was absolutely brilliant.
l The first half was awful.
l …the first half was pretty boring.
l It sounds fantastic.
l Newcastle‟s just marvelous.
          Some colloquial expressions
l Just try to keeping me away.
l We knew we were in with a chance again.
l You‟d see all the best bits.
l Was there much good play?
l Raving about them for the next hour.
l They are going to slaughter Liverpool on
Wednesday night, I promise you.
l A lot of legless people.
          l Exercises for the feet
l Slowly lean your head to one side. Rest it
gently in this position for three seconds,
breathing out as you do so. Repeat the
movement to the other side. Do this slowly,
three times. Next, bend your head forwards
for three seconds and then back for three
seconds. Do this three times. Do not bounce,
rotate or swivel the neck. Keep the
movements gentle.
l Exercises for the feet
l You can do this with or without
l First, rest ... flat on ... and then
raise … and …
l Hold for… repeat …
Next, lift … holding…out … Bend…
and spread …Hold … Repeat ...
    Unit 8

Theatre, Cinema
 and Concert
Your Objectives :

•   At the end of this unit, you should be able to:
•   Talk/ask about forms of entertainment
•   Describe different kinds of plays, films,etc.
•   Select information from pamphlets
•   Issue/ respond to invitations
•   Interpret reviews/critic‟s attitudes
•   Report critics‟ comments
•   Make arrangements
•   Book/ buy tickets
•   Theatre Programs
•   The Theatre
•   Buying Theatre Tickets
•   Reading about a Performance
    Further reading
Key Points
       Talking about Actors and Roles
•   ---Sonia Richmond plays Freda Nesbitt.
• Sonia Richmond plays the part of Freda
• ---Freda Nesbitt is played by Sonia
• The part of Freda Nesbitt is played by Sonia
            Issuing an invitation
•   ---Are you doing anything on___?
• ---Well then, I „d like to take you and___to
the theatre.
•   ---So, how about it?
•   ----Are you tempted?
•   ---I would like to invite you and __to see..
•   --I‟d love you both to join us.
      Accepting or Declining an Invitation
• --No, I‟m pretty sure we‟re free the whole
•   --O,yes, definitely.
•   ---We‟d love to come.
•   ---Thank you so much for thinking of us.
• ---Well, that‟s very kind of you but I‟m afraid
we have already promised to go to …
•   --What a pity!
•   ---We would have loved to join you.
    Summarizing the Main Points
• The story is set in … and was first
performed in … It depicts the conflict
between … (and …). It is a
combination of Chinese traditions, such
as …, and material arts, with …
(and…). It portrays the plight of … .
The heroine is ...
           Expressing Information
•    The film, Painted Woman, was released recently
in Beijing. It was awarded the Silver Bear at the Berlin
International Film Festival. The story is set in post
1949 society in China. It focuses on women‟s sexuality
and women‟s 0place in Chinese society. The main
characters are two prostitutes, Qiuyi and Xiao‟e. The
film traces the lives of the two women and ends
tragically when they are forced to make a choice
between love and survival.
    Reporting Reviewers’ Comments
•     The reviews say…
•     According to the reviews,…
•     Apparently,
•     By all accounts,

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