145 Military Establishment and for advising and guiding the

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					                 NATIONAL    MILITASRY ESTABLISHMENT                  145
Military Establishment and for advising and guiding the Secretary
on all public information matters.

                      Medical Services Division
   The Medical Services Division is responsible for the establishment
and control of general policies, standards, and programs for the medi-
cal services of the three military departments and appropriate agencies
of the National Military Establishment; for exercisilg general direc-
tion, authority, and control over administration and utilization of
personnel and facilities of the medical services of such departments
and agencies through the heads thereof; and for performing such
other duties with respect to the medical services of the National Mili-
tary Establishment as the Secretary of Defense may direct.

                   Office of Civil Defense Planning
  The Office of Civil Defense Planning is responsible for the develop-
ment of detailed plans for. and the establishment of, an integrated
national program of civil defense; for securing proper coordination
and direction of all civil defense matters affecting the National Mili-
tary Establishment, and for providing an effective means of liaison
between the Establishment and other Government and private agencies
on questions of civil defense.
   AMlitary Liaison Committee to the Atomic Energy Commission
   The MIilitary Liaison Committee to the Atomic Energy Commission
is responsible for providing liaison between the National Military
Establishment and the Atomic Energy Commission on the military
applications of atomic energy and for serving as the primary staff
agency of the Secretary of Defense in atomic energy matters.
         Military Renegotiation Policy and Review Board
  The Military Renegotiation Policy and Review Board is responsible
for carrying out the. powers; functions, and duties conferred upon the
Secretary of Defense in the Renegotiation Act of 1948 (Public Law
547, 80th Cong.).

                Weapons Systems Evaluation Group
  The Weapons Systems Evaluation Group is responsible for provid-
ing analyses and evaluations of present and future weapons systems
under probable future combat conditions.

                 Research and Development Board
  Under the direction of the Secretary of Defense it is the duty of
the Research and Development Board to prepare a complete and
integrated program of research and development for military pur-
poses; to advise with regard to trends in scientific research relating to
national security and the measures necessary to assure increasing
progress; to recommend measures of coordination of research and
development among the military departments, and allocation among
                                                 of joint interest; to
them of responsibilities for specific programs
                                            Establishment in connec-
formulate policy for the National Military                     outside
tion with research and development matters involving agencies
                                                      of research and
                         to consider the interactionChiefs of Staff in
the Establishment; and
development and strategy and to advise the Joint
connection therewith.                             performance of his
   The chairman of the Board is assisted in the
                                                Division, a Planning
 duties by an Executive Secretary, a Programs      committees.
 Division, and various research and development
                            Munitions Board
                                                            the Secretary of
    The Munitions Board, under the direction of prepared by the
Defense and in     support of strategic and logistic plans
                                                              the appropriate
Joint Chiefs of Staff, is responsible for coordinating with regard to
activities   within the National Military Establishment
                                                                    and distri-
industrial matters, including the procurement, production,
bution plans of     the departments and agencies of the Establishment;
                                                             mobilization; for
for planning for the military aspects of industrial                          the
recommending       assignment of procurement responsibilities among
several military services and     for planning for standardization of speci-
                                                          of purchase author-
fications and for the greatest practicable allocationon the basis of single
ity of technical equipment      and common use items
                                                               estimates of po-
 service procurement. It is responsible for preparinguse in evaluating
 tential production,    procurement, and personnel for
                                                         determining the rela-
 the logistic feasibility of strategic operations; for
 tive priorities of the various   segments of the military procurement pro-
                                                             as are or may be
 grams; for supervising such subordinate agencies
 created to consider the    subjects falling within the scope of the Board s
                                                          to regroup, combine
 responsibilities; and for making recommendations
 or dissolve existing     interservice agencies operating in the fields of
                                                                      as to pro-
 procurement, production, and distribution in such manner with other
  mote efficiency and   economy. The Board maintains liaison
                                                                    of military
  departments and agencies for the proper correlation regard to the
  requirements with     the civilian economy, particularly in
                                                              material and the
  procurement or disposition of strategic and critical and makes recom-
  maintenance of     adequate reserves of such material,
                                                              It is also respon-
  mendations as to policies in connection therewith. personnel require-
  sible for assembling     and reviewing material and
                                                            those presented by
   nents presented by the Joint Chiefs of Staff and
  the production, procurement,        and distribution agencies assigned to
                                                                  thereon to the
  meet military needs and for making recommendations duties as the
   Secretary of Defense,     and for performing such other
   Secretary of Defense may direct.                    in the discharge of his
      ORGANIZATION.-The Chairman is assisted
   responsibilities by a Director    of Staff, a Director for Industrial Pro-
                                                          a Deputy Chairman,
   grams, a Director for Military Programs, and whom is responsible
   (Committee on Facilities      and Services, each of
                                                                his jurisdiction.
    for the effective functioning of the activities within and inter-agency
    In its operation the Munitions Board    utilizes industry
                                                                   by the Board
    advisory committees, councils, and agencies organized
    and under its jurisdiction.
                 NATIONAL MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT                         147
                          Joint Chiefs of Staff
  Subject to the authority and direction of the President and the See-
retlary of Defense, it is the Ccuty of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to prepare
strategic plans and to provide for the strteic       ect
                              Ide lr th strae-it direction o the military
                                                            of Ithe minlitary
forces; to prepare joint logistic plans and to assign to the military
services logistic responlsibiltis in accordance with such plans;
to establish unifed commrnands in strategic areas when such unified
commands are in the interest of natioral security. The Joint Chiefs
of Staff are also charged with responsibility for formulatin- policies
for the joint training of the military for ces and for coordinating the
education of members of the military forces: for reviewing major
material and personnel requirements of the military forces in accord-
ance with strategic and logistic plans and for providin United States
representation on the Military Staff Committee of the United Nations
in accordance with the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations.
   JOINT STAFF.-The Joint Staff, operating under the Director of the
Joint Staff and organized into the Joint Strategic Plans Group, the
Joint Logistic Plans Group, and the Joint Intelligence Group, per-
forms such duties as may be directed by the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
  JOINT CmIEFS OF STAFF COM:MITTLES.- The Joint Strategic Survey
Comrmittee, Joint Strategic Plans Committee, Joint Logistic Plans
Committee, Joint Military Transportation Committee. Joint Munitions
Allocation Committee, Joint Inteiiligence Commiittee. Joint Commu-
nications-Electronics Committee, and the Joint Meteorological Com-
mittee advise the Joint Chiefs of Staff on matters within their purview
and participate in the preparation of strategic and logistic plans.
                                                LoUis A. JO-INSON
                                                  Secretary of Defense
                           Department of the Army'
                                       The Pentagon

       (ffice of the Administrative Assistant: REpublic 6700, Branch 2245
   Public Information Division, Information: REpublic 6700, Branch 71736:
                       Night Duty Officer, Branch 71252
   Office of The Adjutant General, Information: REpublic 6700, Branch 3241


Secretary of the Army       _-----------------           GORDON GRAY
Under Secretary of the Army-------------                 (VACANCY)
The Assistant Secretary of the Army------                (VACANCY)
Assistant Secretary of the Armv-----------               TRACY S. VOORHEES
Administrative Assistant and Chief Clerk__               JOHN W. MARTYN
Office, Secretary of the Army:
      Military Assistant to the Secretary of
        the Armv -----------------
                     _                                   COL. HARRY O. PAXSON
      Aide to the Secretary of the Army---               LT. COL. W. D. CRITTENBERGER, JR.
Office. The Assistant Secretary of the Army:
      Executive ------------         -----------         COL. G. K. HEISS
      Assistant Executive -----                          IT. COL. F. CLAY BRIDGEWATER
      Senior Scientific Adviser ------------             D. DONALD H. LrOIHRIDGE
      Chief, Plans and Programs Branch -_-               COL. C. RODNEY SMITH
      Chief. Industrial Activities Branch __-            LT. COL. R. R. KLANDERMAN
      Chief, Military Activities Branch----              CO. R. M. BARTON
      Chief, Civil and Legal Branch--------              COL. H. C. CHUCK
      President, Armed Services Board of
         Contract Appeals----------------                JOSEPH A. AVERY
      President, War Contract Hardship
         Claims Board -------------------                COL. R. W. BROWN
      Chief. Renegotiation Branch; Vice
         Chairman, Army Division, Armed
         Forces Renegotiation Board--------              HARRY S. COVINGTON
      Executive Officer, National Board for
         Promotion of Rifle Practice---------            COL. JAMES F. STRAIN
 Office, Assistant Secretary of the Army:
      Deputy           ------------------ ..             MAJ. GEN. CARTER B. MAGRUOER
      Deputy for European Affairs               ------   HAROLD F. SHEETS
      Deputy for Far Eastern Affairs _------             ROBERT R. WEST
      Executive ----------         -------------         LT. COL. WILLIAM H. BARTMER
      Food Administrator  --------------                 JOHN P. LooMIS
      Chief, Budget Group           __------------       DR. WILFRED J. GARVIN
      Chief, ERP Group --------                      -   MALCOLM S. McCoMB
 Office, Administrative Assistant to the Secre-
    tary of the Army:
       Deputy Administrative Assistant------             JAMES C. Coon
       Director of Procurement and Supply--              SPENCER BURROUGHS
       Director of Communications ---------              EVERETT L. BUTLER
       Director, Civilian Awards Division ---            GORDON D. TAFT
       Medical Director--------------------              DR. IRMA BACHE
       Director of Civilian Personnel -------            A. H. ONTHANK

                                 OFFICE, CHIEF OF STAFF
 Chief of Staff, United States Army--------               GEN. OMAR N. BRADLEY
 Vice Chief of Staff----------------------                GEN. J. LAWTON COLLINS
 Deputy Chief of Staff for Administration-                LT. GEN. WADE H. HAISLIP
 Deputy Chief of Staff for Plans and Com-
   bat Operations---------------------                    LT. GEN. A. C. WEDEMEYER

    Organization chart on page 581
                   NATIONAL MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT-ARMY                                    149

Chief of Information      _- .._.._   _-_   .......LT. GEN. RAYMOND S. MCLAIN
     Chief, Legislative and Liaison Division__ MAJ. GEN. C. L. RrJFFNER
Army Comptroller----_.----.__-__-___--                       MAJ. GEN. EDMOND H. LEAVEY
    Chief of Finance ---------.- ----- _-_                    IAJ. GEN. E. Mi. FOSTER
Secretary, General Staff, United States
   Army...___________.                   _................   BRIG. GEN. JAMES E. MOORE

                                         GENERAL STAFF
Director of Personnel and Administration__                   LT. GEN. E. H. BROOKS
      Director of Women's Army Corps-----                    COL. MARY A. HALLAREN
Director    of   Intelligence_
                             -----------------               MAJ. GEN. S. LEROY IRWIN
Director    of   Organization and Training ----              MAJ. GEN. CLIFT ANDRUS
Director    of   Logistics     _---------------____          LT. GEN. T. B. LARIIN
Director    of   Plans and Operations--....____              MAJ. GEN. R. T. MADDOCKS

                                          SPECIAL STAFF
Chief, National Guard Bureau------------                     MAJ. GEN. KENNETH F. CRAMER
Executive for Reserve and ROTC Affairs _                     BRIG. GEN. WENDELL WESTOVER
Inspector General------------------------                    MAJ. GEN. Louis A. CRAIG
Chief, Historical Division       _         _--------------   MAJ. GEN. ORLANDO WARD
Chief, Civil Affairs Division        _              _-----------_ GEN. C. B. MAGRUDER
Judge Advocate General -----------------                     MAJ. GEN. THOMAS H. GREEN

                                  ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES
The Adjutant General----.-.--            -------             MAJ.   GEN.   EDWARD F. WITSELL
Chief of Chaplains      _---------------------               MAJ.   GEN.   LUTHER D. MILLER
Provost Marshal General ----------------                     MAJ.   GEN.   E. P. PARKER, JR.
Chief, Special Services __----------__ .-.       _           MAJ.   GEN.   RUSSEL B. REYNOLDS

                                     TECHNICAL SERVICES
Chief. Chemical Corps-------------------                     MAJ GEN. ALDEN H. WAITT
Surgeon General _----------______-------                     MAJ. GEN. RAYMOND W. BLISS
Chief of Engineers ----------------------                    MAJ. GEN. LEWIS A. PICK
Quartermaster General-------------------                     MAJ. GEX. H. FELDMAN
Chief Signal Officer----------------------                   MAJ. GEN. SPENCER B. AKIN
Chief of Ordnance ----------------------                     MAJ. GEN. EVERETT S. HUGHES
Chief of Transportation------------------                    MAJ. GEN. FRANK A. HEILEMAN

                                  ARMY FIELD FORCES
                                     (Fort Monroe, Va.)
Chief----------------------------------                      GEN. JACOB L. DEVERS
Aide to Chief---------------------------                     LT. COL. JOHN F. P. HILL
Deputy Chief---------------------------                      MAJ. GEN. ROBERT C. MACON
Assistant Deputy Chief -------          ___________          BRIG. GEN. WILLIAM B. BRADFORD
Assistant Deputy Chief------------------                     BRI.  GEN. JOHN H. CHURCH
Major Commands, U. S.:
    First Army (Governor's Island, N. Y.)_ LT. GEN. WALTER B. SMITH
   Second Army (FortGeorge G. Meade, Md.). LT. GEN. LEONARD T. GEROW
     Third ArIny (Fort McPherson, Ga.)_.__ LT. GEN. ALVAN C. GILLEM, JR.
     Fourth Army (Fort Sam Houston, Tex.)_ GEN. THOMAS T. IIANDY
     Fifth Army (Chicago, Il1.)------------ LT. GEN. STEPHEN J. CHAMBERLIN
     Sixth Army (Presidio of San Francisco,
        Calif.)----------------------------                  GEN. MARK W. CLARK
     Military District of Washington ------                  MAJ. GEN. HOBART P. GAY
             NOTE.-The separate statement of organization of the Depart-
           ment of the Army submitted pursuant to section 3 (a) (1) of
           the Administrative Procelure Act appears at 11 F. R. 1.77A--765,
           177A-801, 13 F. R. 1893. For amendments see Federal Register

  CRiATION AND ArTHOITY.--The Department of the Army, formerly
the War Department, was created by act of Congress approved August
7, 1789 (1 Stat. 49; 5 U. S. C. 181), succeeding a similar department
which was established prior to the adoption of the Constitution. It
was the second executive department to be provided by the Statutes
 of the first Congress under the Constitution. Subsequent acts and
 Executive orders have greatly altered the scope and functions of the
 Department since its inception, as it originally encompassed many
 activities later delegated to the Navy and Interior Departments. The
 National Security Act of 1947 (61 Stat. 499; 5 U. S. C., Sup., 171)
 transferred the Department to the newly created National Military
 Establishment and redesignated it the Department of the Army. The
 Secretary of War assumed the title Secretary of the Army.
     PURPosE.-The Department of the Army is charged with responsi-
 bility for organizing, training, maintaining, and equipping the United
  States Army This responsibility is limited to the preparation of the
 Army for combat, incident to operations on land. The Army of the
 United States consists of the Regular Army, the National Guard of
  the United States, the National Guard while in Federal service, the
  Officers' Reserve Corps, the Organized Reserves, and the Enlisted
  Reserve Corps. These components constitute, in time of peace, a
  framework on which a great national force of well-trained and prop-
  erly equipped men can be quickly built.
      COMMAND WITI-IN THE ARMY.-Command organization
                                                              within both
  the Department     of the Army and the Army is based on the military
  principles of unity and celerity of control. The organization must be
  simple and flexible with clear-cut command channels.
      At the top level of command, prime authority is vested in the Presi-
   dent of the United States as Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces
   of the United States. Below the Commander in Chief are the Secre-  Gen-
   tary of the Army and the Chief of Staff and their assistants, the Serv-
   eral and Special Staffs, and   the Administrative and Technical
   ices. The offices of the heads of these agencies are located in Wash-
   ington and collectively are known as Headquarters, Department of
   the Army.
      The Army itself has a broad base composed of officers and enlisted
   men engaged in training, supply, administration, and simulated com-
   bat. The major commands of the Army are the six zone of the interior
    armies (located in the continental United States and organized geo-
    graphically on the basis of six Army areas), the Military District of
    Washington, and the oversea commands-throughout the world.

                        Secretary of the Army
    The Secretary of the Army is head of the Department of the Army,
  and performs such duties as are required of him by law or may be
  enjoined upon him by the President and the Secretary of Defense.
    He is charged by law with the supervision of all estimates of ap-
  propriations for the expenses of the Department of the Army; of all
  purchases of Army supplies; of all expenditures for the support,
              NATIONAL MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT-ARMY                      151

   transportation, and maintenance of the Arniy; and of such expendi-
   tures of a civil nature as may be placed by Congress under his direction.
      He is held responsible for the protection of our seacoast harbors and
   cities; for the development of improved weapons and mattriel; for the
   proper instruction of all military personnel; and for the discipline and
   morale of the Army.
      IHe directs the activities of the Corps of Engineers in the improve-
   rrent of the waterways of the United States, Alaska, Hawaii, and
  Puerto Rico, including examinations, surveys, and economic studies
  of harbors and streams for the formulation of improvement projects.
  hle recommends to Congress definite plans for improvement and
  makes contracts for the execution of the physical works required to
  make our waterways capable of meeting the needs of constantly
  expanding inland, coastwise, and foreign commerce.
     He is charged with the formulation and execution of plans for flood
  control on inland rivers, power and irrigation development, and the
  survey and charting of the Great Lakes.
     He is responsible for surveys of international boundary waters, the
  inter-oceanic survey (Nicaragua Canal route), and the construction
  of national monuments and memorials. He is also charged with the
  establishment of harbor lines, approval of plans for the construction.
  of bridges, and the issue of permits for wharves, piers, and other
  works upon navigable waters; investigation, in cooperation with the
  Federal Power Commission, of water-power projects; the removal of
  wrecks from navigable waters; the regulation of the operation of
 drawbridges, establishment and regulation of anchorage grounds,
 regulation of the use of navigable waters of the United States, the
 preservation of the American Falls of Niagara, and the administra-
 tion of matters pertaining to the participation of the United States
 in the Niagara Control Board.
     He is responsible for the defense, maintenance, care, and operation
 of the Panama Canal (see p. 462). This responsibility requires that he
 not only provide for the transit of ships from one ocean to the other but
 also for their repair, fueling, supplies, and foodstuffs and the care and
 hospitalization of ships' personnel and passengers. The organization
 under his charge has supervision over public health, quarantine, and
 immigration service, customs, post offices, police and fire protection,
 hydrographic and meteorological observations, steamboat inspections,
 aids to navigation, construction and maintenance of roads, streets,
water supply, and sewers.
    He is president of the National Forest Reservation Commission,
 which is authorized to purchase such forested cut-over or denuded
lands within the water sheds of navigable streams as in its judgment
may be necessary to the regulation of stream flow or for the produc-
tion of timber.
    He supervises the maintenance and conduct of the United States
Military Academy at West Point and is responsible for all matters
relating to leases, revocable licenses, and all other privileges upon
lands under the control of the Department of the Army.

                The Under Secretary of the Army
                                                                and to him
   Acts as principal assistant to the Secretary of the Army
have been delegated general administrative         duties relating to the
                                                           the Secretary's
Department. He acts as Secretary of the Army in
               The Assistant Secretary of the Army
                                                                 the Army
   Exercises supervisory responsibility of the Secretary of
for all logistical and related   fiscal activities of the Department, in-
                                                            other business
cluding procurement of all military supplies and matters relat-
pertaining thereto, mobilization    procurement planning,
                                                              research and
ing to the supply and service systems of the Army, andrenegotiation,
development. He also     exercises policy supervision over
                                                                   and dis-
contract appeals, contractual and damage claims, acquisitionoperation
posal of real estate, Army  Exchange System, labor relations,
 of disciplinary barracks and custody of military prisoners,pertaining
military activities (other   than Occupied Areas), matters
                                                              military and
 to psychological warfare, and such other activities of a of the Army.
 non-military nature delegated     to him by the Secretary
                                                             with other de-
 He represents the Department of the Army in dealing
 partments and agencies     of the Government, the Congress, and the
 public, and coordinates activities concerning them with the Army is
 mental and other agencies.     The Assistant Secretary of
                                                              Board, presi-
 the Department of the Army member of the Munitions
 dent of the National Board for      the Promotion of Rifle Practice, and
 Department of the Army member of the State-Army-Navy-Air and
  Coordinating Committee.     In the absence of both the Secretary
 the Under Secretary he acts as the Secretary of the Army.
                   Assistant Secretary of the Army
                                                        for the occupied
   Is responsible for the formulation of Army policythe extent appli-
 areas of Germany, Japan, Austria,     Trieste, and to
                                                              of govern-
 cable, in Korea, and for the supervision of the execution
 mental policies in those areas. He   operates within the framework of
 established national policies and National Military Establishmentdeal-
 Department of the Army directives.     He represents the Army in
                                                                the Con-
 ing with other departments and agencies of the Government,
 gress, and the public on occupation     matters, and coordinates these
                                                            In addition,
 activities with interdepartmental and other agencies. the Bizone's
 he supervises food administration   for occupied areas and
  (Germany) part in the Office of the European Economic
 When assigned by the Secretary,    he serves on such committees as the
                                                                 and the
 National Military Establishment Personnel Policy Board
 Committee on Federal Medical Services.
                        Administrative Assistant
                                                                in di-
    The Administrative Assistant aids the Secretary of the Army Secre-
  recting the administration of the Department. He advises the
                                                               of the
  tary on matters of administrative policy, serves as member
             NATIONAL MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT-ARMY                     153
 Board of Directors of the Panama Railroad Company, and acts for
 the Secretary of the Army on all official matters not requiring his
 personal attention. As chief executive officer, he is responsible for
 the Department of the Army Civilian Personnel Program and in con-
 junction with the Director of Civilian Personnel establishes policy and
 procedures necessary to the adequate functioning of such program.
 In addition, he is responsible for various economy measures and ad-
 ministrative services within the Headquarters, Department of the
 Army. HIe is further responsible for the administration of the Office,
 Secretary of the Army, including comprehensive management and
 personnel programs as carried on through the several divisions of the
 Orfice in direct liaison with all components of the Department.

                             Chief of Staff
   The Chief of Staff is the principal Army adviser to the President
 to the Secretary of Defense, and to the Secretary of the Army on
 the conduct of war and the principal military adviser and executive
 to the Secretary of the Army on the military activities of the De-
 partment of the Army. The Chief of Staff has command of all
 components of the Army of the United States and of the operating
 forces comprising the Army areas. He also commands the Army com-
ponent of oversea commands, and the related supply and service estab-
lishments of the Army, and is responsible to the Secretary of the
 Army for their use in war and plans for and preparations for their
readiness for war. The Chief of Staff, under the direction of the Sec-
retarv of the Army, is also responsible for the coordination and direc-
tion of the General and Special Staffs and the Administrative and
Technical Services.
   VICE CHIIEF OF STAFF--The Vice Chief of Staff is the principal ad-
viser and assistant to the Chief of Staff and acts for him in his absence.
He performs and exercises such of the functions, duties, and powers
devolved upon the Chief of Staff by law. regulation, or otherwise. as
the Chief of Staff may direct.
 of Staff for Administration is responsible to the Chief of Staff for
 the supervision and correlation of all administrative and current oper-
 ational activiies of the Army other than those assigned to the Deputy
 Chief of Staff for Plans and Combat Operations.
 Deputy Chief of Staff for Plans and Combat Operations is responsible
to the Chief of Staff for the supervision and correlation of: planning
 activities of the Army, direction of combat operations including such
 as may be charged to the Chief of Staff as the executive agent of the
.Joint Chiefs of Staff, deployment of forces and the allocation of
resources assigned to the Department of the Army in peace and war,
and assignment of strategic and tactical missions of commanders
operating overseas or in thezone of the interior.
   CHIEF OF INFonKM-ATION.-The Chief of Information advises the Sec-
retary of the Army and the Chief of Staff on matters of policy relating
to information and legislation (except for appropriation bills) and
provides policy direction on these matters.

   The Legislative and Liaison Division, under the supervision of
Chief of Information, formulates and       coordinates the Army's legis-
lative program, except appropriations, incorporates this program the
that of the National Military        Establishment, and represents
                                                               portions of
National Military Establishment in processing designated Department
the program through        Congress; participates in official
of the Army contacts with the Congress and its individual Members,     con-
 except in matters pertaining to appropriations; and coordinates
tacts of other   Department of the Army agencies with the Congress.
   ARMY COMPTROLLER.-The Army Comptroller advises The
                                                                     to the
 Secretary of the Army and the Chief of Staff on matters relating
business management       of the Army, and is responsible to the Chief of
 Staff for the coordination and supervision of budget, fiscal,
 statistical, and management     engineering activities of the Department
                                                                through a
 of the Army. By statute he serves, either personally or Officer for
 designated representative,    as he may elect, as the Budget
 the Department of the Army (sec. 214, Budget and Accounting
 of 1921).
    The Chief of Finance, under the supervision of the Army Comp-    Secre-
 troller, is responsible through him and the Chief of Staff to the
 tary of the Army. He initiates, prescribes,    and supervises all Depart-
 ment of the Army principles, practices, and procedures relating
  accounting and the receipt and     disbursement of appropriated funds.
 The Army Finance Center, located in St. Louis, Mo., and operated         of
 under supervision of the Chief of Finance, administers the payment of
  family   allowances and voluntary allotments of pay to dependents
  Army personnel on active duty.                                   RESERVE
 POLICY.-The General Staff Committee on National Guard and            the
 Policy is composed of representatives from the General Staff,
 National Guard of   the United States, and the Officers Reserve Corps.
 It is responsible to the Chief of Staff for the preparation of training
 and regulations affecting  the organization, distribution, and
 of the National Guard of the United States, and the organization, dis-
 tribution, training, appointment,    assignment, promotion, and
 charge of members of the Organized Reserve Corps.
      SECRETARY, GENERAL STAFF.-The Secretary of the
                                                     General Staff
 administers the immediate offices of the Chief of Staff, the Viceliaison
 of Staff, and Deputy    Chiefs of Staff; maintains continuing
 between the Office, Chief of Staff, and the White House; provides
 channel of communication between     the Office, Chief of Staff, and the
                                                                     to be
 Joint Chiefs of Staff; reviews Department of the Army papers and
 submitted to these   agencies as well as papers initiated by them
 referred to the Chief of Staff; and prepares or supervises the prepara-
 tion of correspondence to be signed by the Chief of Staff, the
 Chief of Staff, or Deputy Chiefs of Staff.
                                GENERAL STAFF

                                                        of Staff, is re-
    The General Staff, under the direction of the Chiefthe existence of
  sponsible for the development of the Army to insure
            NATIONAL    MILITARY   ESTABLISHMENT-ARMY               155

 a well-balanced and efficient military team. It is specifically charged
 with the duty of providing broad basic policies and plans to enable
 the Chief, Army Field Forces; commanding generals, Army areas and
 oversea commands; and the heads of Administrative and Technical
 Services to prepare and execute detailed programs. In addition. the
 General Staff assists the Chief of Staff by issuing, in the name of the
 Secretary of the Army and the Chief of Staff, necessary directives to
 implement such plans and policies, and supervises the execution of
 these directives. In performing its duties the General Staff follows
 the principle of decentralization to the fullest degree. No function
 is performed at the General or Special Staff level of the Department
 of the Army which can be decentralized to the major commands or
 the Administrative and Technical Services without loss of adequate
 control of operations by the General and Special Staffs. The Gen-
 eral Staff includes five divisions, each under the immediate control of
 a director. Each director plans, directs, and supervises the execution
 of operations within the confines of his sphere of action.
 sonnel and Administration is the military personnel manager of the
 Department of the Army, and has the primary General Staff interest
in manpower. He is the adviser and assistant to the Chief of Staff
 for administrative matters and for matters relating to manpower as
 a whole and to military personnel as individuals throughout the Army.
 He has over-all Department of the Army responsibility for the pro-
 curement, allocation, and reallocation of personnel in bulk in accord-
 ance with established requirements and priorities, and for the separa-
 tion of individuals from the military service. He exercises General
 Staff supervision and direction of the Career Management and Army
 Safety Programs and under the direction of the Chief of Staff directs
and controls the operations and administrative activities of the heads
of Administrative Services.
   DIRECTOR, WOMEN'S AiMY CORPs-Advises the Secretary of the
Army on all Women's Army Corps matters and supervises activities
relating to the WAC. Acts as Department of the Army staff adviser
on plans and policies for the procurement, reception, classification,
utilization, training, logistical support, assignment, and separation of
WAC personnel. Inspects WAC units, detachments, and individuals
in the Zone of Interior and overseas.
   INTELLIGENCE DIVISION.-The Director of Intelligence is responsible
for the collection and evaluation of information and for the production
and dissemination of intelligence pertaining to the war potential,
topography, military forces, military and related activities of foreign
countries and the strategic vulnerability of the United States. He is
responsible for executing counterintelligence measures within the De-
partment of the Army and represents the Department of the Army on
intelligence and counterintelligence matters in its relations with other
Government agencies and with foreign governments. He is also re-
sponsible for the operation of the Military Attache System, for accom-
plishing Army signal intelligence and communication security, for
supervision of the Counter Intelligence Corps and the personnel of

the Military Intelligence Reserve and the Army Security Reserve, and
provides the official channel of liaison between the Department of the
Army and foreign military representatives on duty or visiting in the
United States.
zation and Training exercises General Staff direction over the organi-
zation, mobilization, demobilization, and training of all components
of the Army.. Except for individual training, he is primarily con-
cerned with matters relating to units as distinguished from the primary
interest of the Director of Personnel and Administration in matters
relating to individuals.
     LOGISTICS DIVISION.-The Director of Logistics has General Staff
 responsibility for logistical planning; service activities, supply con-
trol; distribution, storage, and maintenance of supplies; purchasing;
 production and other industrial matters; disposal of surplus property;
 initiation, allocation, coordination, and progress of research and de-
 velopment programs; conduct of research and development activities
 in consonance with user interest; and for the development of Army
 service, supply, procurement, research and development plans, policies,
 objectives, and programs in consonance with Army-wide plans, poli-
 cies, objectives, and programs.
     Under the direction of the Chief of Staff, and The Assistant Secre-
 tary of the Army on procurement and related industrial matters. the
 Director of Logistics directs and controls the operations and adminis-
  trative activities of the heads of Technical Services. Civil functions
-of the Corps of Engineers are specifically exempted from direction and
 control by the Director of Logistics; in regard to these matters the
  Secretary of the Army deals directly with the Chief of Enrineers.
  Likewise, on matters of standards of health and medical care of the
  troops, and the utilization of professional medical personnel. the
  Surgeon General has direct access to the Secretary of the Army and
  the Chief of Staff.
      PLANS AND OPERATIONS DIvSION.-The Director of Plans and Oper-
  ations is 'responsible for the formulation, development, direction.
  supervision. and coordination of strategic and operational plans, cur-
  rent and future, for the Army. He exercises General Staff supervision
  and direction of strategic and operational matters relating to overseas
   and major commands. Without vitiating the primary interest of
   other General Staff directors in their respective fields of responsibility.
   he coordinates all policies and directives and changes thereto, includ-
   ing allocation of resources, affecting strategic, operational, and political
   matters relating to oversea and major commands. He estimates the
   current situation to determine military policy. objectives, and major
   elements of requirements and means. He supervises and coordinates
   the war planning activities of the General Staff and furnishes guid-
   ance on current and future plans and operations. He develops and
   keeps current the future and operational plans involving the Army in
   conjunction with appropriate joint agencies. He reviews and reconl-
    mends action to the Chief of Staff on joint and combined papers and
    initiates Department of the Army execution of approved papers of
            NATIONAL MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT-ARMY                    157

joint and combined agencies, the State-Army-Navy-Air Force Coor-
dinating Committee, and other similar agencies.
                             SPECIAL STAFF

   The Special Staff under the general direction of the Chief of Staff,
serves in an advisory capacity to the Chief of Staff and to the General
Staff divisions on matters within the assigned fields of interest of the
Special Staff. The Special Staff comprises six organizations.
   NATIONAL GUARD BUREA.--The National Guard Bureau is the
operating agency charged with administering approved Army and
Air Force policies other than those relative to training when such
policies are applicable to the Army and Air National Guard not in
Federal service and with promulgating applicable Army and Air
Force directives and regulations, including those relating to training.
It is the channel of communication between the Departments of the
Army and Air Force and the several States, Territories, and the Dis-
trict of Columbia on all matters pertaining to the Army and Air
National Guard not in the Federal service.
Executive for Reserve and ROTC Affairs advises and assists the
Chief of Staff in the exercise of his supervision and control of the
Organized Reserves and the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, in-
cluding liaison therewith, and in keeping the Secretary of the Army
informed on Reserve and ROTC affairs. He is responsible for main-
taining close contact, mutual understanding, and effective cooperation:
between the Department of the Army, the Organized Reserve Corps,
and the ROTC, and for necessary staff functions involved in this
  OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL.-The          Inspector   General is
charged with coordinating inspector general activities throughout
the Department of the Army; assisting the Chief of Staff in keeping
the Secretary of the Army informed as to the state of the Army;
inquiring into and reporting upon matters which affect the efficiency
and economy of the Army; making inspections, investigations, surveys,
and studies as prescribed by law or regulations, or as directed by the
Secretary, Under Secretary, or Assistant Secretaries of the Army. or
the Chief of Staff.
   HISTORICAL DIvIsION.-The Historical Division is responsible for
preparing plans and policies for and exercising supervision and direc-
tion over Department of the Army and Army historical activities
other than current reports.
   CIVIL AFFAIRS DIVISION.-The Chief, Civil Affairs Division, formu-
lates policy, prepares plans, and takes action in coordination with
other Department of the Army agencies, other ageicies of the Govern-
ment, and international or voluntary relief and welfare agencies on
civil affairs/military government matters, excluding those functions
which are the responsibility of the Food Administrator for Occupied
Areas in the Office, Assistant Secretary of the Army, and the Deputies
to the Assistant Secretary of the Army for European Affairs and Far
Eastern Affairs. He insures that the Secretary of the Army, Assistant

Secretary of the Army, the Chief of Staff, and interested Staff divi-
sions are properly advised on civil affairs/military government
General is the chief law officer of the Department of the Army and
the chief legal adviser to the Secretary of the Army and the Depart-
ment. He is responsible for supervising the system of military justice
throughout the Army; for providing legal advice and services
through the Department; and for operating the system of appellate
review of records of courts martial provided by the Articles of War.
                         ADOMINISTRATIVE SERVICES

  ADJUTANT GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT.-The Adjutant General is re-
sponsible for the administrative procedures and operations connected
with the procurement, appointment, assignment, promotion, transfer,
retirement, separation, casualties, decorations, and disciplinary cus-
tody of all military personnel of the Army of the United States, the
publication of the orders and instructions of the Department of the
Army, the conduct of correspondence with the general public, the
Army postal service, Army recruiting, and the preservation and
administration of the permanent records of the Department and the
   CHAPLAINS.-The Chief of Chaplains is charged with responsibility
in all matters pertaining to moral and religious welfare of military
   PROVOST MARSHAL GENERAL.-Plans and exercises staff supervision
over matters relating to the functions, procedures, and policies of:
Provost Marshal and Military Police activities; internal security;
physical security of installations; use of troops in domestic disturb-
ances; personnel security and facility clearances on classified contracts;
prisoner of war activities; control of individuals and traffic control;
civil affairs/military government aspects of mobilization planning and
training; and commands the Military Police School.
   SPECIAL SERVICES.-The Chief of Special Services is charged with the
mission of providing a healthy and interesting off-duty environment
for military personnel, through voluntary participation in planned
leisure-time entertainment and recreational activities, and through
the operation of sales outlets for articles of necessity and convenience
at reasonable prices.
                           TECHNICAL SERVICES

   CHEMIcCAL CORPS.-The Chief, Chemical Corps, is charged with the
 ilvestigation, development, manufacture, procurement, and supply
of all smoke and incendiary materials; toxicological agents, and tcxi-
cological defensive and offensive appliances, together with the tech-
rical supervision of the training of the Army in offensive and defensive
toxicological warfare.
   MEDICAL DEPARiTMENT.-The Surgeon General exercises adminis-
trative control of the Medical Department and supervises all medical
and sanitary affairs of the Army. The Department contains the
                NATIONAL MILITARY          ESTABLISHMENT-ARMY                      159
 Medical Corps, the Dental Corps, the Veterinary Corps, the Medical
 Service Corps, the Army Nurse Corps, and the Women's Medical
 Specialist Corps.
    CORPS OF ENGINEERS.--The Chief .of Engineers is responsible for
 new construction of all facilities; the acquisition, management, and
 disposal of real estate for the Army and the Air Force; the production
 of all topographic maps for the Armed Forces; the supervision of the
 repairs and maintenance and the operation of utilities at Army in-
 stallations; and the planning of engineering phases of military opera-
 tions. In addition to these military activities, the Chief of Engineers,
under the direction of the Secretary of the Army, administers and dis-
charges the civil works responsibilities of the Department of the Army
pertaining to the execution, operation, maintenance, and control of
rivers and harbors and flood control improvements authorized by law,
and the administration of laws for the protection and preservation of
navigation and navigable waters of the United States.
    QUARTERMASTER CoRrs.-The Quartermaster General is charged
with providing food and clothing for the Army and is responsible for
the procurement, storage, and issue of supplies common to two or more
branches except weapons, ammunition, automotive vehicles, and signal
equipment, for the formulation of policies for the operation of mili-
tary cemeteries, and for the disposition of deceased personnel of the
Department of the Army.
   SIGNAL CoRPs.-The Chief Signal Officer is responsible for all mat-
ters relating to signal communications including the development,
procurement, storage, and repair of signal equipment a-nd supplies.
    ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT.-The Chief of Ordnance is responsible for
the design, procurement, storage, supply, and maintenance of muni-
tions and combat and transport vehicles for the Army. He prepares
the necessary information pertaining to the manufacture of weapons.
   TRANSPORTATION CORPS.-The Chief of Transportation is charged
with the responsibility for all Department of the Army surface traffic,
inland and overseas. He is charged with all shipping overseas, and
with all inland movements and supplies-moving by commercial means
and also operates all ports of embarkation.

                              Army Field Forces
   The Office, Chief, Army Field Forces, is the field operating agency
of the Department of the Army, within the continental United States,
for the general supervision, coordination, and inspection of all matters
pertaining to the training of all individuals and units utilized in a
field army. The Chief executes such other functions and responsibil-
ities as directed by Headquarters, Department of the Army. Spe-
cifically the Chief, Army Field Forces:
   Develops the organization, composition, equipment, and training of
Army combat service and administrative units (including those of the
    The separate statement of organization of the Corps of Engineers submitted pursuant
to section 3. (a) (1) of the Administrative Procedure Act appears at 11 F. R. 177A-805.
For amendments see Federal Register indexes.

Organized Reserve Corps and the Reserve Officers' Training Corps)
utilized in a field army.
    Supervises, coordinates, and inspects the training of all individuals
and units utilized in a field army.
    Supervises the training and inspection of all Army units of the
National Guard.
    Develops and prepares doctrine pertaining to the tactical and tech-
nical employment of individuals and units utilized in a field army, and
to the materiel and equipment necessary in the performance of their
    Supervises and coordinates the preparation of all literature pertain-
ing to the training of individuals and units utilized in a field army.
    Supervises and coordinates at all schools all aspects of training
affecting the field armies.
    Supervises such boards as are necessary to insure continued research
and development of items of equipment in which units assigned to a
field army have a primary interest, and initiates requirements for these
    Supervises and coordinates the training of the National Security
Training Program.
    Makes recommendations concerning allotments for organization of
military and civilian overhead necessary for training.
    Conducts public relations involving the duties and missions with
 which the Chief, Army Field Forces, is charged.
    Coordinates the preparation of funds necessary to insure the ful-
 fillment of assigned functions and responsibilities.
    Supervises, coordinates, and inspects the organization and training
 of all units and individuals of the Organized Reserves and ROTC.
                                 ARMY AREAS

  The commanding general of each of the armies and the Military
District of Washington commands all units, posts, camps, stations,
and installations within the Army areas or the Military District of
Washington, except those specifically commanded by the Chief of
Staff, United States Air Force, or a chief of a service or other Depart-
ment of the Army agency. He is responsible for the operations, train-
ing, administration, services, and supply of all units, posts, camps, and
stations of his command, and for certain activities at installations
reporting to Headquarters, Department of the Army.
         First Army               Second Army              Third Army
 Headquarters at Gover-       Headquarters at Fort    Headquarters at Fort
       nor's Island, N. Y.:        George G. Meade,         McPherson, Ga.:
     Maine                         Md.:                  North Carolina
     New Hampshire               Pennsylvania            South Carolina
     Massachusetts               Delaware                Georgia
     Connecticut                  Maryland               Florida
     Rhode Island                Virginia                Alabama
     New Jersey                   West Virginia          Mississippi
     New York                    Kentucky                Tennessee
     Vermont                     Ohio
                     NATIONAL MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT-ARMY                                 161
      Fourth Army                                  Fifth Army             Sixth Army
Headquarters at Fort Sam                    Headquarters at Chicago, Headquarters, Presidio of
      Houston, Tex.:                               Ill.:             :     San Francisco,
    Arkansas                                    Michigan                  Calif.:
   Louisiana                                   Wisconsin                 Montana
   Texas                                       Illinois                 Washington
   Oklahoma                                    Missouri                 Oregon
    New Mexico                                 Indiana                  Idaho
                                               Iowa                     Utah
                                               Minnesota                Nevada
                                               North Dakota             Arizona
                                               South Dakota             California
   Military District of Washington with headquarters at Washington, D. C.
comprises the District of Columbia and such adjacent territory as may be
prescribed from time to time.
       Territory of Hawaii-Headquarters, Fort Shafter, T. H.
       Panama Canal Zone-Headquarters, Quarry Heights, C. Z.
       Territory of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands-Headquarters, San Juan,
         P. R.
       Territory of Alaska-Headquarters, Fort Richardson, Alaska.

                                 United States Military Academy                   -
                                              West Point, N. Y.
Superintendent-..........................                         MAJ. GEN. BRYANT E. MOORE
Commandant of Cadets___                     _..........-...__     COL. PAUL D. HARKINS

   The United States Military Academy is located at West Point, N. Y.
The course is of 4 years' duration, during which the cadets receive,
besides a general education, theoretical and practical training as junior
officers. Cadets who complete the course satisfactorily are graduated
with the rank of second lieutenant.
                                                                        GORDON GRAY
                                                                   Secretary of the Army

         Arlington Memorial Amphitheater Commission
             Washington Quartermaster Depot, Alexandria, Va.
                              TEmple 6700, Branch ?

Chairman -----------------------------    GORDON GRAY (Secretary of the
Member ---------    --------------------- FRANCIS P. MATTHEWS (Secretary
                                            of the Navy)
Executive and Disbursing Officer--------- COL. WILLIAM F. CAMPBELL
Chief Clerk --------------------------    Ross S. FORD

   The Arlington Memorial Amphitheater Commission was created
by act of Congress approved March 4, 1921 (41 Stat. 1440; 24
U. S. C. 291-95).
   Through the President of the United States, the Commission re-
ports annually to Congress as to what inscriptions, tablets, busts, or
other memorials (if any) shall be erected, and the bodies of what
deceased members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps
(if any) shall be entombed during the next ensuing year within the
Arlington Memorial Amphitheater in Arlington National Cemetery
in Virginia. No such memorial construction or entombment may be
made without special authorization by an act of Congress. In making
its recommendations to Congress regarding memorials, the Commission
is required by law to consult with the Commission of Fine Arts on
the artistic aspects of the project under construction.
                                                    GORDON (GRAY

                      JOINT SERVICE SCHOOLS.

                         The National War College
                              Fort Lesley J. McNair
                             Fourth and P Streets SW.
                            EXecutive 7700, Branch 32S


Commandant —       _--------------------       VICE ADM. H. W. HILL
Deputy Commandant------------------            MAJ. GEN. L. L. LEMNITZER
Deputy Commandant--------------------          MAJ. GEN. OTTO P. WEYLAND
Deputy for Foreign Affairs_------     .           DulBRow (Department of State)
                                               E. D-----
Executive Officer------------------------      COL. RICHARD J. WERNER

   The National War College, organized by authority of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff, has the mission of preparing selected ground, air, and
naval officers, and officers of the State Department and other executive
departments, for joint staff and command duties on the highest level
in behalf of the national security.
                NATIONAL MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT-ARMY                             163
   The College devotes some four months of the academic year to a
close and systematic examination of international relations and world
affairs, of the international consequences of the atomic bomb, of
United States commitments and responsibilities abroad, and of the
formulation of United States foreign policy and its implementation
through methods short of war. Instruction in this part of the course
is conducted by a small group of distinguished resident civilian in-
structors and an outstanding group of visiting lecturers. The last 6
months of the school year are devoted to the study of grand strategy,
the strategic areas of the world, and the scientific and technological
advances which have complicated the task of maintaining the national
   Certain parts of the course are held in conjunction with the Indus-
trial College of the Armed Forces, located immediately adjacent to
The National War College at Fort Lesley J. McNair.
                                            RICHARD J. WERNER
                                                    Executive Oficer

                  Industrial College of the Armed Forces
                                Fort Lesley J. McNair
                              Fourth and P Streets SW.
                             EXecutive 7700, Branch 460

Commandant -__._______________.
                      ....                     ._   MAJ. GEN.     A.   W.   VANAMAN,
Deputy Commandant for Education_ _--__ BRIG. GEN. JONATHAN L. HOLMAN,
Deputy Commandant for Plans and Admin-
  istration .___        ......_-......-......._.    REAR ADiI. L. S. SABIN, JR., USN
Executive Officer-..._.__                           MAJ. ROBERT A. WHITMORE, USAF
Director of Instruction -- _ _._____....___         DR. MARLIN S. REICHLEY

   The Industrial College of the Armed Forces, under the jurisdiction
of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, operates on the highest level of education
within the National Military Establishment. It prepares, selected
senior officers of the Army, Navy, and Air Force for important com-
mand, staff, and planning assignments within the National Military
Establishment and prepares selected civilians for important economic
mobilization assignments in any Government agency.
   The College conducts a 10-month course of study in all phases of
our national economy, interrelating the economic factors with political,
military, and psychological factors. The course evaluates and analyzes
all aspects of joint logistic planning and the interrelation of this
planning to joint strategic planning and national policy planning.
A further intent of the course is to study peacetime and potential war-
time governmental organizations and the most effective wartime

  Certain parts of the course are held in conjunction with the National
War College, located immediately adjacent to the Industrial College
of the Armed Forces at Fort Lesley J. McNair.
                                               A. W. VANAMAN

                    Armed Forces Staff College
                             Norfolk, Va.
Commandant---------         ----- VICE ADM. JOHN F. HALL, JR., USN
Deputy Commandant------------     BBIG. GEN. ROBERT 0. SHOE, USA
Deputy Commandant --------------- BRIG. GEN. CHARLES Y. BANFILL. USAF

  The mission of the Armed Forces Staff College, located in Norfolk,
 Va., is to train selected officers of the Army, Navy, and Air Force in
joint staff techniques and procedures; the organization, composition,
and functions of theaters and major task forces, and the strategical,
tactical, and logistical responsibilities of such commanders; and the
preparation for amphibious and airborne operations involving the
employment of joint forces.
                                              JOHN F. HALL, Jr.
                                 Department of the Navy
                      Eighteenth Street and Constitution Avenue NW.
                                REpublic 7400. Information

Secretary of the Navy ____      ----     __._____ _-       FRANCIS P. MATTHEWS
  Naval Aide ._______-.__              _____________       CAPT. RICHARD W. RUBLE
  Special Assistant       _- _.____.___._____- .           CAPT. RICHARD P. GLASS
  Administrative Officer -              __.........-.-..   COMDR. D. T. HAMMOND
Under Secretary of the Navy----------___                   DAN A. KIMBALL
  Naval Aide -------------.....----...-                    CAPT. DAVID L. MCDONALD
  Aide and Special Assistant- ------------                 (VACANCY)
Assistant Secretary of the Navy ----------                 JOHN T. KOEHLER
  Naval Aide         __          _____---------------..- - CAPT. L. H. CHAPPELL
  Aide and Special Assistant--____--        ------         COMDR. R. H. NORTHWOOD
  Consultant              _       _------------------...--_WILLIAM H. MOORE
Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Air--__                (VACANCY)
  Naval Aide --. .-__-.___.......
                _               -----                      (VACANCY)
  Special Assistant__                                      COMD. G. D. DWILLIAMS
 Special Assistant---------------------- COMDR. SHELDON W. BROWN
  Special Assistant---------------------- CLAYTON L. BURWELL
 Special Assistant---------------------- CEDRIC WORTH
Administrative Assistant to the Secretary
  of the Navy- --     _________.-______-_____ JOHN H. DILLON
Executive Officeof the Secretary: -
  Administrative Office, Navy Department, .
     Administrative Officer __.......-._---   J. S. DAVITT
  Facilities Review Board, Senior Member_ JOHN T. KOEHLER
  General Board, Chairman-------------- REAR ADM. A. R. MCCANN, Acting
  Office of Budget and Reports, Director__ REAR ADM. H. G. HOPWOOD
  Office of the Fiscal Director, Fiscal Di-
    rector__                   ....
                   ___ _-_-----------------   NORWOOD P. CASSIDY
  Office of the General Counsel, General
    Counsel--------------.-------------                      HAROLD B. GROSS
  Office of Industrial Relations, Chief __--                 REAR ADM. PAUL B. NIBECKER
  Office of Industrial Survey, Chief--------                 REAR ADM. W. R. DOWD
  Office of the Management Engineer, Man-
    agement Engineer-__ --------------                       NORMAN G. ASBURY
  Office of Naval Material, Chief ---------                  VICE ADM. A. C. MILES
  Office of Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale
    Reserves, Director_____ --- _ __--___ COMMO. WILLIAM G. G.REENMAN .
  Office of Naval Research, Chief -..- __.. REAR ADM. T. A. SOLBERG
  Office of Public Relations, Chief___ _----                 CAPT. HARRY E. SEARS, Acting
  Requirements- Review -Board,                   Senior
     Member---------------------------                       JOHN T. KOEHLER
Chief of Naval Operations_.               _------------      ADM. Louis DENFELD
  Vice Chief of Naval Operations __-----_                    VICE ADM. JOHN D. PRICE
  Naval Inspector General --------------                     REAR ADM. HEWLETT THEBAUD
  Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Per-
     sonnel) ...---------------------.-
                             _-                              VICE ADM. WILLIAM H. FECHTELER
  Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Ad-
       ministration)_  _ ___-------------- - REAR ADM. CHARLES WELLBORN, JR.
     Hydrographer---------- -------------    CAPT. ALLEN HOBBS
     Superintendent, Naval Observatoryv___ CAPT. G. W. WELKER, JR.
  Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Oper-
   ations) ---------------------------- VICE ADM. A. D. STRUBLE
  Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Lo-
   gistics) ----------------------------- VICE ADM. R. B. CARNEY
  Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air)-- VICE ADM. C. T. DURGIN
 I Organization chart on page 582.

Chief, Bureau of Aeronautics __---------- REAR ADM. ALFRED.M. PRIDE
  Deputy and Assistant Chief _____-------      REAR ADM. T. C. LONNQUEST
Chief, Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, and
    Surgeon General -__--------------- REAR ADM. CLIFFORD A. SWANSON,
  Deputy and Assistant Chief------------- REAR ADM. H. L. PUGH, MC
Chief of Naval Personnel-____            -     REAR ADM. THOMAS L. SPRAGUE
  Deputy and Assistant Chief_ ___-_-__ REAR ADM. JOHN W. ROPER
Chief, Bureau of Ordnance -      __----------- REAR ADM. A. G. NOBLE
  Deputy and Assistant Chief ___--------- REAR ADM. JOHN A. SNACKENBERG
Chief, Bureau of Ships------------------- REAR ADM. DAVID H. CLARK
  Deputy and Assistant Chief _---- ----  _     REAR ADM. C. D. WHEELOCK
Chief, Bureau of Supplies and Accounts .--     REAR ADM. E. D. FOSTER, SC
  Deputy and Assistant Chief ----------- REAR ADM. C. W. Fox, SC
Chief, Bureau of Yards and Docks __----- REAR ADM. JOHN J. MANNING,
  Deputy and Assistant Chief----------- CAPT. J. F. JELLEY, CEC
Judge Advocate General of the Navy_----.       REAR ADM. G. L. RUSSELL
  Assistant Judge Advocate General------- CAPT. E. E. WOODS
Commandant, United States Marine Corps_ GEN. CLIFTON B. CATESIUSMC
  Assistant Commandant ----------------         MAJ. GEN. OLIVER P. SMITH,
          NOTE.-The separate statement of organization of the
        Department of the Navy submitted pursuant to section
        3 (a) (1) of the Administrative Procedure Act appears at 14
        F. R. 3124. For amendments see Federal Register indexes.
   CREATION AND A'rTHORITY.-The Department of the Navy and the
office of the Secretary of the Navy were established by act of Con-
gress approved April 30, 1798 (1 Stat. 553; 5 U. S. C. 411-12). For
9 years prior to that date by provision of act of Congress, April 7,
1789, the conduct of naval affairs was under the Secretary for the
Department of War.
   The Board of Navy Commissioners (consisting of three members)
was created by the act of February 7, 1815.
   The act of August 31, 1842 (5 Stat. 579; 5 U. S. C. 429), abolished
the Board of Navy Commissioners and established the Bureau of Navy
Yards and Docks, Bureau of Construction, Equipment, and Repair,
Bureau of Provisions and Clothing, Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrog-
raphy, and Bureau of Medicine and Surgery.
   The act of July 5, 1862 (12 Stat. 510; 5 U. S. C. 429), established
the following organizations: Bureau of Yards and Docks, Bureau of
Equipment and Recruiting (later changed to Bureau of Equipment
and still later abolished), Bureau of Navigation (now Bureau of Naval
Personnel), Bureau of Ordnance, Bureau of Construction and Repair,
Bureau of Steam Engineering (later changed to Bureau of Engineer-
ing, which, with Bureau of Construction and Repair, was abolished
on June 20, 1940, when their respective functions were reassigned to
the newly established Bureau of Ships), Bureau of Provisions and
Clothing (later changed to Bureau of Supplies and Accounts), and
Bureau of Medicine and Surgery.
   The Office of Chief of Naval Operations was established by the act
of March 3,1915 (38 Stat. 929; 5 U.S.C. 422).
   The Bureau of Aeronautics was established by the act of July 12,
 1921 (42 Stat. 140; 5 U. S. C. 439).
    The present organization and distribution of functions within the
 Naval Establishment are derived generally from Public Law 432 (80th
 Cong. 2d Sess.), approved March 5,1948.
             NATIONAL MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT-NAVY                      167
   The Department of the Navy was incorporated in the National Mili-
tary Establishment by the National Security Act of 1947 (61 Stat. 499;
5 U. S. C., Sup., 171).                                                -
   PurPosE.-It is the purpose of the Department to supervise and
maintain a naval establishment in readiness for the performance of
such duties as the President, who is Commander in Chief, may order.
   It is fundamental naval policy to "maintain the Navy as a thor-
oughly integrated entity in sufficient strength on the sea and in the air
to uphold, in conjunction with our other armed forces, our national
policies and interests, to support our commerce and our international
obligations, and to guard the United States including its overseas
possessions and dependencies."
   From this fundamental policy evolve four basic tasks or functions,
the responsibility for which has been distributed within the Navv
Department. These tasks or functions are policy control, naval com-
mand, logistics administration and control, and business adminis-
                        The Naval Establishment
  -The Naval Establishment consists of three principal parts:
   1. The Navy Department, the executive part of the Naval Estab-
lishment located at the seat of the Government, which comprises the
bureaus, boards, and offices of the Navy Department; the Headquarters
of the Marine Corps; and the Headquarters of the Coast Guard (when
assigned to the Navy).
   2. The Operating Forces are the several fleets, seagoing forces, sea
frontier forces, district forces, and such of the Shore Establishment
of the Navy and other forces and activities as may be assigned to the
operating forces by the President or Secretary of the Navy.
   3. The Shore Establishment, which comprises all other activities
of the Naval Establishment including all shore activities not assigned
to the Operating Forces.

                        Secretary of the Navy
   The Naval Establishment is subject to the general direction and
control of the President of the United States as Commander in Chief
and of the Secretary of Defense as head of the National Military
Establishment. The immediate direction and control, however, are
exercised by the Secretary of the Navy. The Secretary retains the
general responsibility for supervision of all naval affairs while dele-
gating certain responsibilities to his naval and civilian executive assist-
ants. The Secretary is directly responsible for the first of the four
basic tasks or functions of the Navy Department, the task of policy
control; additionally, he is directly concerned with relations with the
public, morale, and budget matters. He communicates directly with
all principal officials and officers of the Naval Establishment, as neces-
sary or desirable, remaining available for direct consultation by such
officials and officers. In the formulation and administration of naval
policies, the Secretary avails himself of the advice and assistance of his
principal executive assistants: the Civilian Executive Assistants, the
Naval Command Assistant, and the Naval Technical Assistants.

                   Civilian Executive Assistants
    The Civilian Executive Assistants are the Under Secretary of the
Navy (54 Stat. 494; 5 U. S. C. 421b), the Assistant Secretary (26 Stat.
254; 5 U. S. C. 420), the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Air
(44 Stat. 767; 5 U. S. C. 421a), and the Administrative Assistant
the   Secretary of the Navy.
    The Civilian Executive Assistants are charged with the responsi-
bility for assuring that the "business administration" of the bureaus,
boards, and offices of the Navy Department is properly administered.
As determined by the Secretary, each such bureau, board, and office
will report to the Secretary or one of his Civilian Executive Assistants
and shall be subject to his general supervision for all matters affecting
economy and efficiency of operation, including organization, staffing,
administrative (non-military) procedures, the utilization of personnel,
materials, and facilities; and the budgeting and expenditure of funds.
    The Civilian Executive Assistants are responsible for assuring that
 the "business administration" of component activities of the Shore
 Establishment is properly administered by the cognizant bureaus and
 offices of the Navy Department. They are also responsible for collabo-
 rating with and assisting the Chief of Naval Operations in evaluating
 and improving the "business administration" of the Operating Forces.
     The Civilian Executive Assistants have the responsibility for that
 portion of the "logistics administration and control" of the Naval
 Establishment which embraces:
     1. Promulgation of policies and general procedures governing the
  activities of the Navy Department and the Shore Establishment with
 respect to procurement and production of material and facilities;
  determination of stock levels and replenishment requirements in col-
  laboration with the Chief of Naval Operations, and the administration
  of inventory control systems; correlation and programing of research,
  experimental, test, and development activities; and procurement and
  administration of personnel.
     2. Review and evaluation of the compliance of the bureaus and offices
  and of the Shore Establishment with such policies and procedures, and
  the issuance of such orders as required to assure compliance therewith.
     3 Collaboration with the Chief of Naval Operations in reconciling
  difficulties encountered in meeting the requirements of the Operating
  Forces due to scarcity of funds, materials, products, facilities, or
      4. Representation of the Navy's procurement requirements before
   other governmental agencies controlling the availability of products,
   materials, and facilities.
      The Civilian Executive Assistants also have the responsibility for
   assuring that the conduct of the Naval Establishment is in accordance
   with law, statute, and Executive order; for the correlation, prepara-
   tion, and presentation of legislation as may be required for the im-
   provement of effectiveness and efficiency; and for the utilization of
   the best legal practices with regard to matters of contract, taxation,
   real estate, etc.
             NATIONAL MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT--AVY                     169
                      Naval Command Assistant

   The Naval Command Assistant is the Chief of Naval Operations,
who acts as the principal naval adviser to the President, the Secretary
of Defense, and the Secretary of the Navy on the conduct of war, and
as the principal naval adviser and naval executive to the Secretary
of the Navy on the conduct of the activities of the Naval Establish-
ment. He is a member of the War Council and the Joint Chiefs of
Staff as provided in sections 210 and 211 of the National Security Act
of 1917 (61 Stat. 504, 505; 5 U. S. C. 171e, 171f).
   The Chief of Naval Operations has command of the Operating
Forces, comprising the several fleets, seagoing forces, sea frontier
forces, district and other forces, and the related shore activities of
the Navy, and is responsible to the Secretary of the Navy for their
use in war and for plans and preparations for their readiness' for war.
He is charged, under the direction of the Secretary of the Navy, with
the preparation, readiness, and logistic support of the Operating
Forces, and with the coordination and direction of effort to this end
of the bureaus and offices of the Navy Department.
  During the temporary absence of the Secretary of the Navy, the
following, in the order named, are next in succession: the Under Sec-
retary of the Navy, the Assistant Secretary of the Navy, the Assistant
Secretary of the Navy for Air, the Chief of Naval Operations, and
the Vice Chief of Naval Operations.

   The Office of the Chief of Naval Operations is organized in accord-
 ance with the provisions of the act of March 5, 1948 (Public Law 432,
 80th Cong.). The Office of the Chief of Naval Operations is com-
 posed of the Vice Chief of Naval Operations, five Deputy Chiefs of
 Naval Operations, the Naval Inspector General, and Assistant Chiefs
-of Naval Operations and other officers in such numbers as may be
 considered by the Secretary of the Navy to be appropriate and neces-
 sary for the performance of duties assigned to the Chief of Naval
                     Naval Technical Assistants
  The Naval Technical Assistants are the chiefs of bureaus, the Chief
of Naval Research, the Chief of Naval Material, the Judge Advocate
General, and the Commandant of the Marine Corps, and the Com-
mandant of the Coast Guard (when assigned to the Navy), who are
directly responsible for the discharge of all the duties assigned to their
respective organizations, in accordance with the orders and directives
of the Secretary, the Civilian Executive Assistants, and the Chief of
Naval Operations and are the technical advisers and assistants in their
special fields to the Secretary, the Civilian Executive Assistants, and
the Chief of Naval Operations. In pursuance of the foregoing, the

Naval Technical Assistants are immediately responsible, within the
limits of their respective cognizance, for:
   1. The research in, and the development, procurement, production,
utilization, and distribution of, material and facilities.
   2. The procurement, training, and administration, and the assign-
ment of personnel.
   3. The operation of all activities under their cognizance.
   4. The sound and legal expenditure of funds appropriated for the
 performance of their work, including the preparation of estimates
 for funds required to carry out approved plans and directives.
   The Naval Technical Assistants perform these responsibilities
through the organization of their respective bureaus and offices.
                        BUREAU OF AERONAUTICS

   The Bureau of Aeronautics facilitates the formulation of operating
plans by making recommendations to the Chief of Naval Operations
as to the technical characteristics and limitations, and the available
manufacturing sources, of naval aircraft and naval aviation equipment.
It conducts research, makes tests, and participates with other Govern-
ment agencies and with industry in the design, development, and
improvement of naval aircraft and aviation equipment. It contracts
for naval aircraft'and aviation equipment of a technical, specialized
nature, provides for plant facilities as necessary to meet production
programs, and schedules, in accordance with requirements, the produc-
tion of naval aircraft and naval aviation equipment and assists manu-
facturers in the production thereof, to the end that the various items
may be delivered in the quantities, of the qualities, and at the times
   The Bureau of Aeronautics collaborates with the Bureau of Yards
 and Docks in the design, construction, and alteration of all aeronautic
shore establishments, and maintains aiid repairs such establishments.
It initially outfits and thereafter replenishes with aeronautical equip-
ment and material all bases afloat and ashore from which naval aircraft
operate. It also exercises management control over, and maintains and
repairs (within the capacity of station force), all aeronautic shore
 establishments, and supervises the service, repair, overhaul and salvage
 of naval aircraft and aviation equipment.
    The Bureau redistributes Government-owned material and settles
 termination claims under its cognizance.

   The Bureau of Medicine and Surgery safeguards the health of the
Navy and the Marine Corps; and provides medical care and treatment
for sick and injured naval personnel, and, as authorized-by law, for
naval dependents, civilian employees who suffer occupational injury or
illness, and certain other specific categories of persons.
   The Bureau provides for the organization and administration of the
naval medical and dental installations, including naval hospitals, naval
medical centers, dispensaries, medical supply depots, medical labora-
tories, and technical schools for Medical Department personnel; estab-
  lishes professional standards for clinical methods and procedures
  medical, dental, and nursing care and treatment; and studies,               in
  and directs the dental practices in the Naval Establishment.           plans,
      The Bureau of Medicine and Surgery determines, in collaboration
  with other bureaus concerned, standards of environmental sanitation,
  industrial hygiene, and other measures for the prevention
  injury within the Naval Establishment; and provides forof disease or
                                                                   the inspec-
  tion of the sanitary condition of the naval service.
      It initiates and directs research in the fields of general medicine
  dentistry, including prevention medical procedures, the medical
  aspects of atomic defense, medicinal and dental substances, remedies.
 materials, and devices; in the physical and mental characteristics
  the endurance capabilities of the human being; and in the physiological  and
 problems pertinent to the naval service; and adopts for use
 devices or procedures developed in the sciences of medicine, dentistry,
 and surgery as will increase military efficiency.
      The Bureau develops the physical standards and provides for
 physical examination of persons for entrance into the naval service,       the
 and for retention therein; maintains and services medical records
 naval and ex-naval personnel; plans, coordinates, and recommends           for
 concerning professional qualifications, complements, assignments,
 and duties of Medical Department personnel; and provides for
 professional education and training of personnel of the Medical, the
 tal, Medical Service, Nurse, and Hospital Corps.
     It administers civilian personnel employed at those commands
 organizations established as separate activities over which the           and
 exercises control.
    The Bureau of Medicine and Surgery conducts studies and initiates
action or recommendations on the design, construction, and alteration
of medical and dental installations, including hospital ships.
                                                                      It con-
trols the preparation of specifications for medical and dental materials
used in the Naval Establishment, and the procurement, receipt,
spection, storage, distribution, care, custody and issue of, and account-
ing for, such materials.
    It also compiles and analyzes detailed statistical data on sickness,
disease, and injuries.
                        BUREAU OF NAVAL PERSONNEL

    The Bureau of Naval Personnel is charged with and responsible for
the procurement, education, training, discipline, promotion, welfare
and morale, and distribution of officers and enlisted personnel of
Navy, including the Naval Reserve and the Reserve Officers' Training   the
Corps, except the professional education of officers, nurses, and
listed personnel of the Medical Department and except all phases en-
aviation training and the operational training of personnel as          of
of a ship's company.
   It is charged with the upkeep, operation, and repair of the following:
Naval Academy, postgraduate schools, Naval War College, schools for
the training of naval personnel, training stations, Naval Home, Naval
Reserve shore activities, Armed Forces Staff College, and with the
     834486 ° -49--12
                                                    It is also responsible for
direction of receiving ships and stations.            throughout the Naval
libraries on ships and in shore stations
                                                     the orders of the Secre-
    The Bureau issues, records, and enforces of the Navy and of the
tary of the Navy to the individual officers recruiting stations, and
Naval Reserve. It has under its direction enlisted persons. It is
supervises the enlistment and discharge of
also charged with the operation        of the Navy separation activities.
                                                                      for the de-
     The Bureau has under its direction the responsibilityReserve pro-
 velopment and coordination        of the plans for the Naval
                                                                    and operation
 grams and for the coordination of the implementation reserve (except
 thereof, embracing     the organized reserve and volunteer
                                                                 Marine Reserve.
 training of aviation component) and the Merchant personnel and de-
      It has cognizance of transportation     for all naval
                                                        dependents; establishes
 pendents except Marine Corps personnel and shore activities; keeps
 the complements and        allowances of ships and
                                                             personnel and pre-
  the records of service of all officersa and enlisted          Register at inter-
  pares an    annual Navy Register and Naval Reserve
  vals as directed by  the Chief of Naval Personnel.
                                                           with all matters per-
       The Bureau of Naval Personnel is charged
  taining to application for     appointments and promotions in the Navy
                                                             and promotions for
  and with the preparation of such appointments                                and
  signature. It is      also charged with the preparation, revision, dis-
  enforcement of all regulations governing        uniforms, and with the
   tribution of general orders and regulations. and punishments are sub-
       Questions of naval discipline, rewards,                 of the Navy. The
   mitted by this Bureau for action of the Secretary inquiry involving
   records of all general courts martial      and courts of
                                                         action, referred to this
   the personnel of the Navy are, before final to disciplinary features.
   Bureau for comment and        recommendation as
                                                        by individual officers or
   It receives all reports of service performed
    enlisted personnel. The     Bureau is responsible for the establishment
                                                            ceremonies and naval
    of regulations and instructions regarding naval
    etiquette.                                                 of the Servicemen's
        The Bureau is charged with the administration
    Dependents Allowance Act         of 1942 (56 Stat. 381, as amended; 37
                                                        (56 Stat. 145: 50 U. S. C.,
    U. S. C. 201 et seq.), the Missing Persons Act
    App. 1001 et seq.), the    Mustering Out Payment Act of 1944 (58 Stat.
                                                                          under the
    8; 38 U. S. C., 691-691g) and makes certain determinations
    Pay Readjustment       Act of 1912 (56 Stat. 359, 1037, 57 Stat. 13, 219,
                                                          the act of June 4, 1920,
    571, 58 Stat. 682; 37 U. S. C., 101-120), and providing for payment
     as amended (41 Stat. 812,    824; 34 U. S. C. 943),
     of the Six*Months' Death Gratuity.
                                                   responsibility for the main-
        The Bureau of Naval Personnel has and awards; the transmission
     tenance of all records concerning medals                 letters issued by the
     of all decorations. citations, and commendatory the procurement of
     Secretary of the Navy or delegated         authority;
                                                        the preparation and pro-
     medals and appurtenances thereto; and for
      nlulgation of all data relative to eligibility   of personnel for campaign
      and service medals and engagement stars.
     It supervises and controls naval places of confinement and
  including prisoners of war, and is responsible for the preparation
  the estimates, the justifications, and the administration               of
  the appropriation "Miscellaneous Expenses, Subhead,"      of that part of
  thereto.                                                         relating
    The Bureau administers the Navy's Government Insurance
  and maintains liaison with the Red Cross and civilian welfare program,
    It is charged with the responsibility for the preparation agencies.
 mates, justification, and the administration of that part       of the esti-
                                                              of the appro-
 priation "Pay, Subsistence of Naval Personnel" relating
 all of the appropriation "Transportation and Recruiting pay, and
 Personnel." It also has the responsibility for the regulation of Naval
 messes, aviation cadet messes, chief petty officers messes, of officers
                                                                and officers
 and enlisted men's clubs, on shore, except those under the
 of the Marine Corps.                                            cognizance
    The Bureau of Naval Personnel supervises the welfare
 tional activities of the naval service, except those under the and recrea-
 of the Marine Corps, and the libraries for the naval service    cognizance
 Marine Corps.                                                          and
                           BUREAU OF ORDNANCE

   The Bureau of Ordnance is charged with and responsible
                                                               for, with
 respect to vessels and aircraft, the design, manufacture, procurement,
maintenance, issue, and efficiency of all offensive and defensive
and armament (including armor, torpedoes, mines, depth              arms
pyrotechnics, bombs, ammunition, war explosives, war chemicals,  charges,
fensive nets, booms and buoys, plus anchors, moorings, and            de-
therefor except fixtures on shore used to secure the ends    appliances
                                                            of nets and
booms) and, except as specifically assigned to other cognizance,
and other devices and material for the control of guns, torpedoes,optical
bombs.                                                               and
  The Bureau is charged with the upkeep and operation of
ing naval ordnance establishments and with their repairs the follow-
capacity of the force employed: naval gun factories, navalwithin the
plants, naval torpedo stations, naval proving grounds, naval   ordnance
factories, naval ammunition depots, naval magazines on shore,    powder
mine depots, naval net depots, naval ordnance test stations. naval
mine warfare test stations, naval ordnance laboratories, naval     naval
ing and naval deperming stations.                               degauss-

                             BUREAU Or SHIPS
  The Bureau of Ships is charged with and responsible for the
design, structural strength, stability, and seaworthiness of general
and floating craft of the Navy, except aircraft, and except floating ships
under the cognizance of the Bureau of Yards and Docks.
                                                                It is also
responsible for the preparation of preliminary plans, approximate
data, or both, showing the designs of new ships in accordance
military characteristics recommended by the General Board with the
proved by the Secretary of the Navy, and for the preparation and ap-
designs of new vessels in consultation with other bureaus.         of final
                   s. GOVERNMENT      ORGANIZATION       MANUAL
174           U.

                                                                that relates to
   The Bureau is charged with and responsible for alland altering of
details of designing, building,       fitting-out, repairing,
                                                                     its related
hulls, permanent fittings, and main machinery, including
equipment used for propulsion         of naval vessels, district craft (except
                                                                   small boats.
floating craft of the Bureau of Yards and Docks), and machinery
It has similar responsibility       in connection with auxiliary
not associated with propulsion equipment, including all pumps,
ing apparatus, refrigerating         apparatus, air-conditioning apparatus,
steering gear, anchor windlass, deck machinery, air compressors,
ing systems, and piping systems.                                          electric
    The Bureau of Ships has cognizance of all that relates to
 generating sets and storage      batteries; the generation and distriLution
                                                                      of interior
 of electric power on board ships for all purposes; all means
 communication;       all electrical methods of signaling, internal and
                                                                    except fire-
 external; all other electrical apparatus on board ship, to operate
 control instruments     and motors and control appliances used
                                                                          and all
 machinery under the specific cognizance of other bureaus;approved
 appliances     and articles of equipage and supplies on its
 allowance list.                                                            radar,
     It is charged with the design and procurement of all radio, used
 and sonar equipment, radiological        instruments, and special devices
                                                                       and devel-
 by the naval communications service together with research
 opment thereof, except aircraft       and ordnance electronics devices which
                                                                       Bureau of
 are responsibilities of the Bureau of Aeronautics and of the and main-
 Ordnance, respectively.        It is responsible for installation
 tenance of radio, radar, and sonar apparatus ashore and and arrange-
      The Bureau is responsible    for the provision of facilities
                                                                             of the
  ments for salvaging vessels. It has administrative supervision and
  dry-docking of     all vessels and district craft and of the operating
  cleaning of drydocks and marine railways.
      It is charged with the design, development, and procurement plan-
  ning for materials and appliances for defense against gas attacks,           gear
  except as specifically assigned to other cognizance; for diving para-
  and experimental diving units, respiratory          protective devices,
  vanes and mine-sweeping gear, office labor saving devices for ships and
  certain shore activities, mess and       galley equipment, ground tackle
  towing gear, life-saving equipment, and navigational equipment.
      The Bureau is responsible for the quality control of all petroleum
  products for the fleet. It prepares specifications and recommendations       sup-
   for the purchase on annual contracts of consumable engineering sup-
   plies   and conducts tests for determining the quality which these
   plies must meet. It prepares the specifications for lubricating
   purchased    by the Navy.
       The Bureau of Ships prepares specifications and prescribes tests
   material, equipment,     and machinery under its cognizance. It is repre-
   sented on many of the national standardization and engineering
    and  on the various Federal specifications committees.
       It is charged with the management control and the upkeep, opera-
                                                                         David W.
    tion, and repair (within the capacity of station force) of the Experi.
    Taylor Model Basin,     Carderock, Md.; the Naval Engineering
              NATIONAL MILITARY      ESTABLISHMENT-NAVY                175
  ment Station, Annapolis, Md.; the Navy Electronics Laboratory,
  Iiego, Calif.; the Navy Underwater Sound Laboratory, New London,     San
  Conn.; the Navy Code and Signal Laboratory, Washington, D. C.; the
 Naval Boiler and Turbine Laboratory, Philadelphia Naval Shipyard;
 the Material Laboratory, New York Naval Shipyard; the Industrial
  Test Laboratory, Philadelphia Naval Shipyard; the Navy Mine Coun-
 ter-measures Stations, Panama City, Fla.; Material Department, U.
 Naval Observatory, Washington, D. C.; the Radiation Laboratory          S.
 San Francisco Naval Shipyard; the Industrial Department,
 Naval Station, San Diego, Calif.; the Experimental Diving U.         Unit,
 Naval Gun Factory, VWashington, D. C.; the Office of the Supervisor
 of Salvage, New York, N. Y. These activities are employed for con-
 ducting necessary research, tests, investigations, and developments
 obtain suitable apparatus and material for naval purposes.              to
     The Bureau participates in the operation of the Army-Navy
 tronic and Electrical Standards Agency, Fort Monmouth, N. J.,Elec-
 maintains a liaison office with the Army laboratories at Fort Mon-    and
mouth. It administers the Air Navigation and Electronics Project.
    It is charged with management control of all United States naval
    The Bureau of Ships nominates to the Bureau of Naval Personnel
specially qualified officers for engineering duty at sea and on shore,
including naval shipyards and those for duty as supervisors of ship-
building and inspectors of machinery.
    It compiles and issues instructions for the care, operation, and main-
tenance of material, equipment, and machinery under its cognizance
and prepares and issues bulletins of official information on these

   The Bureau of Supplies and Accounts is charged with the procure-
 ment, custody, shipment, warehousing, issue, sale of, and accounting
 for, all supplies including food, fuel, clothing, general stores, and
 retail store stock and other property and services of the Navy, and
with the coordination of the operation of the Navy Supply System
 and the performance of the supply functions within that system, with
 the advice of the other bureaus.
   The Bureau has control of the Naval Stock Fund the Naval Working
Fund, the Naval Procurement Fund, and the Clothing and Small
Stores Fund. It is responsible for procurement and disbursement
of money for the Navy, and the payment for material and services
procured for the Navy. It is also responsible for the keeping of money
and property accounts of the Naval Establishment, to include appro-
priation and cost accounting at shore activities, and cost inspection
under all types of cost contracts, including audits of the books
records of contractors.                                             and
   The Bureau is charged with the administration of a centralized
storage operating organization for the control of all storage facilities
of the Naval Establishment, and with authorizing and controlling
transportation of Navy property and of authorized baggage of Navy
personnel. It charters merchant vessels for transportation purposes
                                                       of cargo ships and
and has control of the loading and unloading
tankers. It also has    control of procuring, operating, and administering
                                                          and assigning of
cargo terminal facilities, to include the procuring
stevedores.                                                 records of the
   The Bureau of Supplies and Accounts maintains vehicles of the
                                                    of such
assignment and official registration numbers Navy; prepares infor-
Navy as are designated by the Secretary of tax and the dissemination
mation and instructions rearding income
                                                   and prepares and revises
thereof throughout the Naval Establishment; Bureau of Naval Per-
 the Navy Travel     Instructions, jointly with the
sonnel and the Headquarters,U. S. MIarine                      be expended
   The Bureau      fixes the prices at which material shall of the Secre-
 from the Navy Stock Account,        subject to the approval
 tary of the Navy.
                                                 of the United States any
    It certifies to the Comptroller GeneralNavy entrusted with public
 charge against an officer or agent of the loss to the Govermnent as
 property, which charge arises from any
                                                       through his fault.
 to the property entrusted to him and occurring
                        BUREAU OF YARDS AND DOCKS

                                                            comprise all that
     The duties of the Bureau of Yards and Docks and public util-
 relates to the design and   construction of public works
                                                           the war period it
 ities of the Naval Shore Establishment. During
                                             plant facilities and extensions
 supervised the construction of private of its functions includes struc-
 financed with naval funds. The      scope
                                                   United States, in Alaska,
 tures and improvements located within the
 various island possessions, in Panama,     British Islands in the Atlantic,
                                                 the world.
 and temporary advance bases throughout
     The work of the Bureau embraces     such major engineering categories
  as drydocks, both graving and floating, marine railways,
  ways, harbor works,     quay walls, piers, wharves, landings, dredging
                                                   power plants, fuel plants,
  operations, floating and stationary cranes,                     and erection
  fleet facilities, shops and industrial buildings, turret shops, assem-
  shops, machine    and electric shops, foundries, structural
                                                     supply depots, adminis-
  bly and repair shops for aircraft, etc.; naval
  tration buildings, barracks    and quarters, naval hospitals and dispen-
                                                       plants, torpedo plants,
  saries, refrigerating plants, ammunition storage               naval powder
   Marine barrackst fuel storage plants and distribution,
   factories, heavier and lighter-than   air facilities for aviation, aircraft
                                                       radio stations, sewage
   overhaul and assemblv-plants, landing fieldsi
   disposal plants and distribution systems     for heating, lighting, power,
                                                      water supply and sani-
   telephone, water, sewer and railroads, roads,
   tation, etc.                                           of the Naval Shore
       It is charged with the maintenance and upkeep
    Establishment where such responsibility    is not assigned by law to some
                                                    inspections and all major
    other bureau. It is responsible for annual it designs and constructs
    repairs of public works and public utilities;  after consulting as to their
    all naval public works and public utilities concerned.
    operating features with the bureau   or office
              NATIONAL MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT-NAVY                     177
    The responsibilities of the Bureau include technical assistance and
  advice to the Bureau of Naval Personnel in connection with the train-
 ing of Construction Battalions, personnel known as "Seabees," and
 technical assistance and advice to the Chief of Naval Operations rela-
 tive to the assignment and work of the "Seabees." It is responsible
 for the design and assembly at ports of embarkation and debarkation
 of all equipment and materials necessary for the operation of naval
 construction battalions at advance bases, and collaborates with the
 Bureau of Supplies and Accounts in the procurement of this equip-
 ment and materials.
    The Bureau has charge of the upkeep and operation of power plants,
 transportation facilities, weight-handling equipment, conductors for
 air, heat, light, power, and steam at shipyards and at naval activities
 under its maintenance cognizance. It maintains such records of power
 plant installations and performance at all other naval activities as
 will enable it to act in an advisory capacity to the bureau or office con-
 cerned. It acquires real estate for the Navy by purchase or lease for
 naval purposes, and has custody of real estate not in active use.

    The Office of the Judge Advocate General has cognizance of all
  major phases of military, administrative, legislative, and general law
 incident to the operation of the Naval Establishment. With respect
 to military law, it reviews the records of proceedings of all courts
 martial, courts of inquiry, and boards of investigation. It advises
 and prepares opinions on questions of administrative law concerned
 with the administration of naval affairs, including legal questions
 arising on pay and allowances for naval personnel.
    As legislative counsel for the Department, the Office of the Judge
 Advocate General acts as the central liaison between Congress and the
 Department of the Navy. It drafts or reviews proposed legislation
 (except appropriations), and examines reports, bills, and resolutions
 introduced into Congress and referred to the Department. Questions
 of general law include the review and necessary action on admiralty
cases, claims for damages caused by naval vessels, and miscellaneous
 claims filed by or against the Navy. Matters of international law and
questions incident to the operation of the Foreign Claims Commission
are also reviewed and opinions prepared thereon.
   A legal assistance program, which provides free legal service to
 naval personnel and their dependents on personal legal problems, is
administered by this Office. It is also responsible for the adjustment
and settlement of tax problems arising from liabilities asserted by
Federal, State, and local tax authorities.
   In addition to the foregoing responsibilities, representatives of the
Office of the Judge Advocate General serve in the joint Army-Navy
War Crimes Office to investigate and assemble evidence on enemy
atrocities committed against American service personnel and other
Americans, and to arrange for prosecution of international war
                       UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS
                                                                  the Naval
   While the Marine Corps operates as an integral part of
Establishment, the Headquarters organization        is a complete operating
                                                              Marine Corps
organization in itself, and is self-contained. By law the
or components thereof may be detached         from duty under the Navy by
Executive order and assigned duty elsewhere and must be
to fulfill its traditional status of readiness.                  Corps, was
   The Continental Marines, forerunner of the present
organized by resolution of the      Continental Congress of November 10,
                                                             established by
1775. The present United States Marine Corps was34 U. S. C. 621,
act of Congress approved July 11,       1798 (1 Stat. 594;
et seq.).                                                              by the
    The Commandant of the Marine Corps, who is appointedyears, is
 President with the consent of the Senate for a term of four educa-
 charged with and responsible for the proculement, discharge, enlisted
 tion, training, discipline, and distribution of cffcers
 personnel of the Marine      Corps, including the Marine Corps Reserve,
 and its equipment, supply, administration, and general
    The Assistant to the Commandant         is the Commandant's principal
                                                              also assists in
 adviser and performs the duties of chief of staff. He departments
 coordinating the work     of the separate divisions and staff
 and performs the duties of the Commandant in the latter's the Com-
    Headquarters      Marine Corps, under the direction of
  mandant, is composed of the following agencies:
       Offices of the Commandant:
            Administrative Division.
            Division of Plans and Policies.
            Division of Public Informantion.
            Division of Aviation.
            Division of Reserve.
            Division of Recruiting.
             Inspection Division.
       Personnel Department.
        Supply Department.
 These agencies, under the direction of the below designated
 heads, perform the functions as indicated.
                                                   Officer is responsible
 for administration of civilian   personnel and placement of enlisted
 personnel at Headquarters, operation of services affecting
 ters as a whole, and operation  of Headquarters communications office.
                                                                 of Plans
 and Policies, under the direction    of the Commandant, formulates
 Marine Corps policy and develops plans for personnel, intelligence,
 operations, supply, equipment, and training; maintains liaison regard-
                                                               for the or-
 ing these matters with other agencies; and is responsible other than
  ganization and training   of all Marine Corps elements
  Marine Corps aviation.
                   PUBLIC INFORMATION.-The Director of Public
                                                               of the
  mation is responsible for informing the public of activities
  Marine Corps.
    DIRECTOR OF AvIATION.-The Director of Aviation is the senior
 aviator detailed to duty in the Division of Aviation. He is the
 sistant Commandant for Air and is adviser to the Commandant
 all matters of policy pertaining to Marine Corps aviation. Under on
 direction of the Commandant, he is responsible for the administra-   the
 tion, organization, training, and other activities of Marine Corps avia-
 tion. Through the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air) he main-
 tains liaison between the Chief of Naval Operations and the Com-
 mandant of the Marine Corps on all matters pertaining to Marine
 Corps Aviation; he also maintains liaison between the Commandant
 and the Chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics.
    DIRECTOR OF RESERVE.-The Director of Reserve has supervision
 over matters relating to ground units of the Organized Marine Corps
 Reserve and all classes of the Volunteer Marine Corps Reserve.
   DIRECTOR OF RECRUITING.-The Director of Recruiting carries
 the policies of the Commandant respecting entry into the service-
 administers the various recruiting activities of the Marine Corps.
    INSPECTOR GENERAL.-The Inspector General makes periodic in-
 spections and special investigations when ordered by the Comman-
 dant, making written reports containing findings of fact and recom-
 mendations concerning irregularities or for the improvement of
 efficiency of the activity inspected.                              the
nel, Marine Corps, carries out those policies of the Commandant
which pertain to military personnel. He is especially concerned with
promotion, discipline, decorations, retirement, discharge, dependency
allowance, morale, post exchange, target practice records and statis-
tics, casualties, classifications, detachment, and transfer. He is
sponsible for the maintenance of personnel records, statistics, and
general files.
 master General of the Marine Corps is the head of the former Quar-
 termaster's Department and Paymaster's Department which were
 consolidated into the Supply Department.
   The Supply Department has the responsibility of procuring, stor-
 ing, and distributing all supplies for the Marine Corps. In addition
to combat material, it provides for subsistence, construction material,
and labor; has jurisdiction over quarters, barracks, and other public
buildings provided for officers and enlisted personnel, and repairs,
alterations, and improvements thereto; also has jurisdiction over ve-
 hicles for the transportation of troops and supplies; furnishes means
of transportation for movement of troops; and prints and issues blank
forms for the Marine Corps.
   This department has cognizance over all matters relating to the pay-
ment of pay and allowances of Marine Corps and attached Navy per-
sonnel and to the administrative audit and analyses of accounts and
returns of disbursing officers. This department also has the responsi-
bility for the disbursement of all moneys necessary for the payment
for equipment, supplies, maintenance, and services from funds ap-
propriated by the Congress for the Marine Corps.
180                u. s. GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION                             MANUAL

                                       NAVAL DISTRICTS
                                                                             with limits and headquarters
[The United States and island possessions are divided into naval districts, example, Commandant, First
  as indicated below. Address communications to the Commandant; for
  Naval District, Boston. Mass.]

                                District                                             Headquarters

                                                                             Boston, Mass.
No. 1. Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts and Rhode
  Island (including Block Island).
                                                                                  York. N. Y.
No. 3. Connecticut, New York, northern part of New Jersey includ- New
  ing county of Monmouth, and all counties north thereof except
  Mercer, also the Nantucket Shoals Lightship.
                                                                             Philadelphia, Pa.
No. 4. Pennsylvania, southern part of New Jersey, including counties
  of    Mercer, Burlington, Ocean, and all counties south thereof; Dela-
  ware, including Winter Quarter Shoal Light Vessel.
                                                                                    Base, Norfolk. Va
No. 5. Maryland less Anne Arundol, Prince Georges, Montgomery, Naval
   St. Marys, Calvert, and Charles Counties; West Virginia; Virginia
   less Arlington, Fairfax, Stafford, King George, Prince William and
   Westmoreland Counties, and City of Alexandria, Va.; also the Dia-
   mond Shoal Lightship and all waters of Chesapeake Bay including
   its arms and tributaries except waters within the Fourth Naval
    District and the counties comprising the Potomac River and Severn
    River Naval Commands west of a line extending from Smith Point
    to Point Lookout thence following the general contour of the shore
    line of St. Marys, Calvert, and Anne Arundel Counties, as faired by
    straight lines from headland to headland across rivers and estuaries.
                                                                                          S. C
No. 6. South Carolina, Georgia. North Carolina, Florida, Alabama, Charleston,
    Mississippi, Tennessee-
                                                                          -- New Orleans, La.
 No. 8. Louisiana,.Arkansas, Oklahoma, Texas -----.                           Great Lakes. Ill
 No. 9. Ohio, Michigan, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Min-
     nesota, Iowa, Missouri. North Dakota. South Dakota, Nebraska,
     Kansas, Colorado, Wyoming.
                                                                                  Juan, P. 1.
 No. 10. Beginning at Latitude 25°00' N., Longitude 72°00' W.; thence San
     to a point on the north coast of Cuba in Latitude 22°47' N., Longi-
     tude 79°47' W., thence westerly around shore of western Cuba and
      easterly along shore to Cienfuegos Light in Latitude 22°02' N.,
      Longitude 80°27' W.; thence south to Latitude 18°05' N., Longitude
      80°27' W., thence to Punta de Gallinas, Colombia, thence along
      international boundaries to include all Venezuela, British Guiana,
      Surinam and French Guiana, to and including eastern boundary of
      French Guiana, thence east true to a point in approximate Latitude
      4°20 N., Longitude 50°20' W., thence to Latitude 25°00' N., Longi-
      tude 65°00' W., and thence to the point of origin. The land areas
      of the Isle of Pines and other small coastal islands of Cuba are also
      placed in the-Tenth Naval District.
                                                                               San Diego, Calif.
  No. 11. New Mexico, Arizona, Clark County, Nevada, southern part
      of California, including counties of Santa Barbara; Kern and San
       Bernardino, and all counties south thereof.
  No. 12. Utah, Nevada (except Clark County), northern part of Cali- San Francisco,
       fornia, including counties of San Luis Obispo; Kings, Tulare; Inyo,
       and all counties north thereof.
  No. 13. Washington, Oregon, Idaho,.Montana ---- ----- …               .   - Seattle, Wash..
                                                                                     Harbor, T. H.
   No. 14. Hawaiian Islands and islands to westward, including Mid- Pearl
       way, Wake, Kure, Johnston and Sand Islands and Kingman Reef.
   No. 15. Panama Canal Zone .- ---------------------
                                               .--------------------...         Kodiak, Alaska.
   No. 17. Alaska and Aleutians
                               NAVAL DISTRICTS-Continued

                             District                                      eeadquartert


 Potomac River Naval Command. The Potomac River up to
                                                                the U. S. Naval Gun Factory. Wash.
  Great Falls, the District of Columbia, and the Counties of Prince
                                                                     ington, D. C.
  Georges, St. Marys, Montgomery, and Charles in Maryland; Arl-
  ington, Fairfax, Stafford, King George, Prince William, and West-
  moreland Counties in Virginia, and the City of Alexandria, Va.,
  less the Marine Barracks, Quantico, Va., and the Marine Barracks,
  Washington, D. C. (including Marine Barracks, Naval Gun Fac-
  tory, Washington, D. C.).
Severn River Naval Command. Anne Arundel County, Md .--....
                                                                    United States Naval Academy.
                                                                     Annapolis, Md.

                                                         FRANCIS P. MATTHEWS
                                                               Secretary of the Navy

                          JOINT SERVICE SCHOOLS

                                    (See pages 162-164.)
                              Department of the Air Force'
                                 The Pentagon
           Director of Public Relations: REpublic 6700, Branch 73328
                Night Duty Officer: REpublic 6700, Branch 5791
                                                                  Branch 3167
Office of the Air Adjutant General, Information: REpublic 6700,

Secretary of the Air Force --------------    W. STUART SYMINGTON
  Special Consultant--------------------     HAROLD C. STUART
  Executive --------------------------       COL. GLEN W. MARTIN
  Special Assistant --------------------     COL. ETHELRED L. SYKES
  Administrative Assistant---- ------     -- JOHN J. MCLAUGHLIN
Under Secretary of the Air Force -----       ARTHUR S.-BARROWS
  Special Assistant ------------------                     JOSEPH IMIRIE
  Special Assistant----------------          GEORGE B. WOODS
  Chairman, Air Force Renegotiation Divi-
    sion, Armed Services Renegotiation
    Board -FA.—                              FRANK L. ROBERTS
Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Civil-
    Military) --------------------------- (VACANCY)
  Executive----------------------------                        COL. WILLIAM J. CLINCH
 Special Assistant -_-_            -
                            __--------  _- JOSEPH L. BRENT
Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Man-
    agement)--------------------------- EUGENE M. ZUCKERT
  Executive--                            COL. LOUIS A. GUENTHER
                                 ___._ ..................
  Special Assistant -------------                              DON S. BURROWS
 Special Assistant -------------------                         SCOTT W. DONALDSON
 Special Assistant----------------------                       CLARENCE H. OSTHAGEN
 Special Assistant------------------                           WILLIAM R. SWEENEY
Director of Public Relations -------------                     STEPHEN F. LEO
 Deputy Director ------------             -                    NILS A. LENNARTSON
Director of Legislation and Liaison _----.                     MAJ. GEN. THOMAS D. WHITE
  Deputy Director      -   ---------------                     COL. ROBERT E. L. EATON
   Special Assistant and Legal Adviser..—--GEORGE W.
Secretary of the Air Force Personnel Council:
     President ----------------------                          MAJ. GEN. E. B. LYON
 General Counsel _------------------                           BRACKLEY SHAW
   Associate General Counsel_ _------------                    BRIG. GEN. WILLIAM T. THURMAN
   Associate General Counsel--------------                     NICHOLAS E. ALLEN

 Chief of Staff -----      -----------------                   GEN. HOYT S. VANDENBERG
 Vice Chief of Staff -----      ---------- -                   GEN. MUIR S. FAIRCHILD
 Assistant Vice Chief of Staff ----------                      MAJ. GEN. W. F. MCKEE
 Secretary General, The Air Board _-------                     COL. J. ROBERTS
 Scientific Advisory Board -----------                         DR. VON KARMAN
 Manpower Group--                         ---                  MAJ. GEN. E. L. EUBANK
 Special Assistant for Reserve Forces ------                   LT. GEN. E. R. QUESADA
 Inspector General       ----------- - - - - - - - -           MAJ. GEN. HUGH J. KNERR
 Deputy Inspector General-------                               MAJ. GEN. ST. CLAIR STREETT
       Air Inspector ----------                 -BRIG.               GEN. A. H. GILESON
       Air Provost Marshal  _--------------                    BRIG. GEN. J. V. DILLON
    Director of Special Investigations ------                  BRIG. GEN. J. F. CARROLL
 The Surgeon General ---------------                           MAJ. GEN. M. C. GROW
 Secretary of the Air Staff        _--------------             COL. H. R. MADDUX
 Air Adjutant General -------------------                      COL. L. L. JUDGE
 Conptroller -------------------------.-                       LT. GEN. E. W. RAWLINGS

   1   Organization chart on page 583.

                  NATIONAL MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT-AIR FORCE                                      183
 Assistant Comptroller --       __-____-----               _ MAJ. GEN. B. L. BOATNER
   Chief Field Management Group _-..__. _ COL. J. L. STROMME
    Auditor General -....
                        _....____........                      COL. T. R. RAMPY
    Director of Statistical Services.......... BRIG. GEN. J. K. GERHART
    Director of Budget__                             _.._ .....BRIG. GEN. J. W. WOOD
    Director of Program Standards and Cost
      Control.----. ----------------------                     COL. F. J. DAU
   Director of Finance-               _____C._........... COL. K. E. WEBBER
 Deputy Chief of Staff-Personnel-......... LT. GEN. I. H. EDWARDS
 Assistant Deputy      ----      -----           _        _ (VACANCY)
   Chief, Ground Safety-.-----.---....... COL. W. L. TUBBS
   Director of Women in the Air Force--_                      COL. G. P. MAY
   Director of Personnel Planning               __....-__ MAJ. GEN. R. E. NUGENT
   Director of Military Personnel -___...                     BRIG. GEN. D C. STROTHER
   Director of Civilian Personnel ____.___                    G E CLARK
   Judge Advocate General -----.........                      MAJ. GEN R. C. HARMON
   Chief of Air Force Chaplains __........                    COL. C. I. CARPENTER
 Deputy Chief of Staff-Operations ..-.          ____          LT. GEN. L. NORSTAD
 Assistant Deputy -------------                               MAJ. GEN. F. F. EVEREST
   Assistant for Atomic Energy-__-        .-....         _ MAJ. GEN. D. M. SCHLATTER
   Assistant For Programming --       __........              MAJ. GEN. F. H. SMITH
   Chief, Guided Missile Group -_.....-...                    BRIG. GEN. W. L. RICHARDSON
   Director of Intelligence       _----------- ..             MAJ. GEN. C. P. CABELL
   Director of Training and Requirements_                     MA.. GEN. K. P. McNAUGHTON
   Director of Plans and Operations ----..-                   MAJ. GEN S. E. ANDERSON
   Director of Communications---...... ..                     MAJ. GEN. F. L. ANKENBRANDT
 Deputy Chief of Staff-Matriel -_______ .. LT. GEN. H. A. CRAIG
 Assistant Deputy-------------------_ .                      COL. J. W. SESSUMS, JR., Actino
 Assistant Deputy ---------                 ____-___ MAJ. GEN. F. H. GRISWOLD
   Assistant for Logistics Plans ------                      COL. D. F. CALLAHAN
   Director of. Research and Development-_ BRIG. GEN. DONALD L. PUTT
   Director of Procurement and Industrial
     Planning..-----------—          -----.----_             BRIG. GEN. A. A. KESSLER, JR.
  Director of Installations---------------- BRIG. GEN. J. B. NEWMAN, JR.
  Director of Maintenance Supply and
       Services -----------..                                     MAJ. GEN. L. P. WHITTEN
    Director of Armament --               ___...........          MAJ. GEN. R. C. COUPLAND

                            CONTINENTAL COMMANDS
Continental Air Command (Mitche! Air
   Force Base, N. Y.) .        ....-......--    LT. GEN. ENNIS C. WHITEHEAD
Strategic Air Command (Offutt Air Force
  Base, Nebr.) -------------- _.____
                         _                    _ LT. GEN. CURTIS LEMAT
Air Training Command (Barksdale Air
  Force Base. La.) ----------------          - MAJ. GEN. ROBERT W. HARPER
Air Materiel Command (Wright-Patterson
  Air Force Base, Ohio)---------                GEN. JOSEPH T. MCNARNEY
Air Proving Ground (Eglin Air Force Base,
  Fla.) ----.------------                       MAJ. GEN. W. E. KEPNER
Military Air Transport Service (Andrews
  Air Force Base, Md.)_-----.-----------        MAJ. GEN. L. S. KUTER
Air University (Maxwell Air Force Base,
  Ala.) ----------------------
         _---____._                             GEN. GEORGE C. KENNEY
Headquarters Command (Bolling Air Force
  Base. Washington, D. C.) -... ---.----
                                   _            COL. SIDNEY D. GRUBB

                                        OVERSEA COMMANDS
U. S. Air Forces in Europe (Wiesbaden,
  Germany) .------------..
                   __------___                                .   LT. GEN. JOHN K. CANNON
Caribbean Air Command (Albrook Air
  Force Base, C. Z.)                          ..-.......-----     MAJ. GEN. WILLIS H. HALE
Far East Air Force (Tokyo, Japan)--------                         LT. GEN. GEORGE E. STRATEMEYER
Alaska Air Command (Ft. Richardson,
  Adak. Alaska)      _............._________-                     MAJ. GEN. JOSEPH H. ATKINSON

         NoTE.-The separate statement of organization of the Depart-
       ment of the Air Force submitted pursuant to section 3 (a) (1)
       of the Administrative Procedure Act appears at 13 F. R. 6486.
       For amendments see Federal Register indexes.
  CREATION AND     AUTHORITY.-The Department of the Air Force was
established  as an executive department in the National Military Es-
tablishment by the National Security Act of 1947 (61 Stat. 499; 5
U. S. C., Sup., 171), approved July 26, 1947. It was the eleventh ex-
ecutive department to be created and the first since 1913. The same
act established the United States Air Force under the Department of
the Air Force. The Department and the Air Force officially began
operation on September 18, 1947.
   PTmrosE.-The United S ates Air Force includes air combat and
service forces. It is organized. trained, and equipped for prompt and
sustained offensive and defensive combat operations in the air. Of
the three major services, the Air Force has primary responsibility for
 defending the United States against air attack; for gaining and main-
 taining general air supremacy; for defeating enemy air forces; for
 formulating joint doctrines and procedures, in coordination with the
 other services, for the defense of the United States against air attack;
 for providing the necessary units, equipment, and facilities for stra-
 tegic air warfare; for providing Air Force forces for joint amphibious
 and airborne operations; and for furnishing close combat and logistical
 air support to the Army.
    The United States Air Force is composed of the Regular Air Force,
 the Air Reserve, the Air National Guard, and the Air Reserve Officers'
 Training Corps.

                      Secretary of the Air Force
  The Secretary of the Air Force is the head of the Department of
the Air Force and is resp(nsible for the supervision of all matters
pertaining to its operation and for the performance of such duties
as may be prescribed by law or enjoined upon him by the President
and the Secretary of Defense.                                 -

                            Under Secretary
   The Under Secretary is responsible to the Secretary of the Air Force
 for the formulation and general supervision, within- the Department
 of the Air Force, of policies relating to: procurement, production, and
 related industrial matters; contract renegotiation; industrial mobili-
 zation; supply, research, and development; maintenance and transpor-
 tation; and industrial security. The Under Secretary is a member of
 the Munitions Board. In the absence or disability of the Secretary
 of the Air Force, the Under Secretary acts as the Secretary of the
 Air -Force.
      Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Civil-Military)
   The Assistant Secretary is responsible to the Secretary of the Air
 Force for the formulation and the general supervision, within the
 Department of the Air Force, of policies relating to: Air Reserve,
 National Guard. Air Reserve Officers Training Corps, Civil Air Patrol.
 Air Scouts; and the coordination of Civil Air matters in the national
 interest. In the absence or disability of both the Secretary and the
 Under Secretary of the Air Force, the Assistant Secretary acts as the
 Secretary of the Air Force.
       Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Management)
   The Assistant Secretary is responsible to the Secretary of the Air
 Force for the formulation and general supervision, within the Depart-
ment of the Air Force, of the policies relating to organization and
management; budget, fiscal affairs, cost control; military installations:
civilian and military personnel affairs; the Secretary's Personnel
Council; the Board for the Correction of Military Records; and the
Loyalty-Security Appeal Board. He is a member of the Office, Secre-
tary of Defense Personnel Policy Board. In the absence or the disa-
bility of the Secretary, Under Secretary, and the other Assistant
Secretary, he acts as the Secretary of the Air Force.
                            GENERAL COUNSEL

    The General Counsel is the final authority on all legal questions
 arising within or referred to the Department of the Air Force. He
 reports directly to the Secretary of the Air Force. The General
sel furnishes advice upon request to all levels on legal aspects Coun-
                                                                 of all
procurement activities. The General Counsel furnishes advice upon
request to the Secretary, Under Secretary, and Assistant Secretaries
of the Department of the Air Force on legal aspects of all other mat-
ters coming. within their respective jurisdiction. He is not respon-
sible for supervision of the administration of military justice.

   The Director of Legislation and Liaison is responsible to the Sec-
retary of the Air Force for the formulation, coordination, and general
supervision of the Air Force legislative program; the processing of
congressional inquiries, correspondence, and investigations; maintains
liaison with the Congress and other governmental agencies in conlec-
tion with the aforementioned matters.

   The Director of Public Relations advises and represents the Secre-
tary and the Chief of Staff on public relations matters; maintains liai-
son between the Air Force and the Office of Public Information, Office
of the S cretary of Defense. The Director of Public Relations coor-
dinates and monitors public information activities of the
field installations in accordance with prescribed public Air Force

  The Secretary of Air Force Personnel Council consists of the
Force Personnel Board, the Air Force Disability Review Board, Air

Air Force Board of Review, the Air Force Discharge Review Board,
and the Air Force Decorations Board. The President of the Council
is responsible for determining such military personnel actions as may
be directed by the Secretary or enjoined by law; such action being
taken for and in the name of the Secretary of the Air Force.
                            CIIIEF OF STAFF

   The Chief of Staff, United States Air Force, under the direction
of the Secretary of the Air Force, exercises command over the United
States Air Force and assigned supporting forces and is charged with
the duty of carrying into execution all lawful orders and directives
of superior authority transmitted to him. He is responsible for the
formulation and establishment of policies and plans to accomplish
the Air Force mission and for their execution. He is the principal
military adviser to the President, the Secretary of Defense, and to
the Secretary of the Air Force on the employment of the Air Force
in war and the principal military adviser and executive to the Secre-
tary of the Air Force on the activities of the United States Air Force.
He further serves as a member of the War Council and the Joint Chiefs
 of Staff of the National Military Establishment.
                          VICE CHIEF OF STAFF

  The Vice Chief of Staff assists the Chief of Staff in the discharge
of the latter's duties and in his absence performs his functions.
                     ASSISTANT VICE CHIEF OF STAFF

   The Assistant Vice Chief of Staff assists and advises the Chief of
 Staff and the Vice Chief of Staff and acts for them in matters delegated
 to his authority. He is responsible for administrative procedures
 and coordination within the Air Staff.
                                AIR BOARD

   The Air Board assists the Chief of Staff in the formulation of
 over-all policies of the United States Air Force.
                        SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY BOARD

    The Scientific Advisory Board advises the Chief of Staff of the
 latest developments in the various fields of science of interest to the
 Air Force. It studies scientific research problems affecting the future
 of the Air Force, with a specific view toward new development in
 aircraft, weapons, and equipment. The Board also reviews and
 evaluates long-range plans for research and development and advises
 the Chief of Staff as to the adequacy of the Air Force program. The
 members of the Board serve as a pool of consultants from their
 respective fields of science to the various activities of the Air Force
 and present recommendations for the organization of research and
 development, with emphasis on the ways and means of obtaining close
 cooperation with the scientific world.

    The United States Air Force Manpower Group studies Air Force
 activities with respect to the mission, work-load, personnel require-
 ments, effectiveness in the utilization of personnel resources, and over-
 all economy of operations, and advises the Chief of Staff of ways
 and means to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of Air Force

   The Special Assistant for Reserve Forces coordinates the over-all
planning and implementation of the United States Air Force Reserve
IForces programs and acts as principal adviser to and assists the Chief
of Staff on all matters concerning the Air Force Reserve, the Air
National Guard, the Air Force Reserve Officers' Training Corps, the
Civil Air Patrol, and the Air Scouts.
                            THE INSPECTOR GENERAL

   The Inspector General administers the inspection of the internal
structure, the combat quality, the administrative efficiency, and the
logistic capabilities of the Air Force. He conducts all investigations,
within the Air Force jurisdiction, concerning the integrity or security
of the Air Force and the conduct of loyalty of its personnel; maintains
close liaison and coordination with all civil law enforcement agencies-
Federal, State, and municipal; enforces security including atomic
energy security; supervises and inspects all Air Force polite and has
jurisdiction over all matters pertaining to their use and to military
discipline, including the confinement and rehabilitation of prisoners
of the United States Air Force.
                            THE SURGEON GENERAL

   The Surgeon General, United States Air Force, advises the Secre-
tary of the Air Force and the Chief of Staff on all matters pertaining
to the health of Air Force personnel, and advises the Director of
Medical Services, National Military Establishment, on United States
Air Force medical matters. He administers all medical services of
the United States Air Force and plans, directs, and supervises the
Care of Flyer Program, the Aviation Medicine Program, and the Hos-
pitalization Program.
                         SECRETARY OF TIIE AIR STAFF

   The Secretary of the Air Staff is the executive agent to the Assistant
Vice Chief of Staff for matters pertaining to the internal administra-
tion of Headquarters, United States Air Force. He is specifically
responsible for the Staff Services and Policy Divisions, and is gen-
erally responsible for operating an administrative program for Head-
quarters, United States Air Force.
     834486 -49     13

                        AIR ADJUTANT GENERAL

  The Air Adjutant General is responsible for the publication of the
orders and instructions of Headquarters, United States Air Force;
the administration within the Air Force of the postal service, the
records administration program, the design and standardization of
Air Force forms; th. providing of correspondence, mail, records, filing,
references, reproduction, message centers, and messenger services for
Headquarters, United States Air Force; the maintenance of photo-
graphic records and services; and the maintenance and servicing of
current personnel records of all United States Air Force personnel.

   The Comptroller assembles and evaluates elements of information
necessary for the efficient management of the United States Air Force;
advises and assists the Chief of Staff and the Air Staff in the attain-
ment of integrated programs for the accomplishment of the Air Force
mission; defends the Air Force budget; administers funds, including
the disbursement, collection, and accounting therefor; prescribes regu-
lations governing the Air Force audit systems and the fixing of re-
sponsibility therefor; takes final action for the Secretary of the Air
Force on statutory functions in connection with the administration of
funds as might be delegated; provides for the measurement of progress
toward program objectives; evaluates results in relation to costs, to the
end that the Chief of Staff may efficiently and economically utilize
the resources available to him. He also provides complete statistical
services on all subjects for the Air Staff and higher authority and exer-
 cises technical supervision over the budget and fiscal, statistical con-
trol, and cost control system.

   The Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel is responsible for the
plans and administration of all military and civilian personnel pro-
grams in the Air Force, including procurement, classification, assign-
ment, reassignment, promotion, demotion, separation, retirement,
efficiency ratings, personnel services, and the maintenance of pertinent
records and administrative services for individuals.
                     THE JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL

    The Judge Advocate General, United States Air Force, acts as
 legal adviser to the Chief of Staff, United States Air Force. He
 exercises general supervision over the administration of military just-
 ice, and is responsible for the establishment and operation of the legal
 system of appellate reviews of courts-martial records as provided by
 the Articles of War.
                     CHIEF OF AIR FORCE CHAPLAINS

   The Chief of Air Force Chaplains acts as adviser to the Chief of
 Staff, United States Air Force, on the religious life, morals, morale,
 and related matters affecting United States Air Force personnel. He
 maintains effective relationship between civilian church groups and
 the United States Air Force and effects the necessary liaison with other
 military, Government, and civilian agencies.

    The Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations coordinates and directs
 the activities of the Directors of Intelligence; Training and Require-
 ments; Plans and Operations; and Communications; the Assistants for
 Atomic Energy and Programming; and the Chiefs of the Guided Mis-
 sile Group. He directs and is responsible for Air Force intelligence
 activities, organization, training and requirements, operations of the
 Air Force including joint operations, preparation of over-all plans and
 programs, development and review of broad Air Force policies, Air
 Force communications activities, guided missile activities, and the
 coordination of over-all Air Force programs, and atomic energy

   The Deputy Chief of Staff for Materiel is responsible for the plan-
ning, policy development, supervision, and administration of Air
Force programs relating to the field of materiel and services. Included
within the scope of his responsibilities are programs relating to re-
search and development, armament, procurement, industrial planning,
installations, maintenance, supply, and services; and engineer, chemi-
cal, ordnance, and quartermaster activities affecting the Air Force.

                       Continental Commands
                     CONTINENTAL AIR COMMAND

   The Continental Air Command is organized to provide for the air
defense of the United States as well as for air suport of ground and
amphibious forces employed in the defense of the United States. It
supervises training of Reserve Forces and formulates general plans for
the participation of all Air Force commands in domestic emergencies.
                       STRATEGIC AIR COMMAND

   The Strategic Air Command provides and operates that portion of
the Air Force which is maintained in the United States, and in such
other areas as designated, for employment against objectives of air
attack in any location on the globe and conducts long-range reconnais-
sance over land or sea, either independently or in cooperation with
the Army or Navy. The Strategic Air Command is equipped with
long-range bombardment, reconnaissance, and fighter aircraft for
operations on a global basis.
                       AIR TRAINING COMMAND

  The Air Training Command provides individual training for Air
Force officers and airmen. This training includes basic training and

indoctrination for all Air Force recruits, flying training, training of
all ground crews, technical specialists, and administrative personnel.
                       AIR MATERIEL COMMAND

  The Air Materiel Command provides for the Air Force an adequate
and efficient system of procurement, supply, and distribution for all
Air Force Materiel and organizes and trains units to accomplish this
mission. It conducts research and develops the aeronautical materiel,
associated equipment, accessories, and supplies required by the Air
Force, and other materiel allocated to the Air Force for research and
                         AIR PROVING GROUND

  The Air Proving Ground develops improved operational techniques
and tests tactical materiel and equipment used or proposed for use by
the Air Force under simulated combat conditions to determine its
operational suitability.

  The Military Air Transport Service is a merger of the Air Transport
Command and Naval Air Transport Service. It provides air trans-
portation of personnel, materiel, mail, strategic materials, and for the
evacuation of sick and wounded for all agencies of the National Mili-
tary Establishment.
                            AIR UNIVERSITY

  The Air University is responsible for the supervision and operation
of the Air War College, the Air Command and Staff School, the Air
Tactical School, the Air Special Staff School, and the United States
Air Force School of Aviation Medicine. It conducts a continuous
study of the Air Force educational and training systems for officers
to insure a progressive system, that all essential fields of education and
training are included, and that no duplication exists.
                        HEADQUARTERS COMIMAND

   The Headquarters Command provides aircraft, and supervises
 administrative and proficiency flying for Air Force personnel assigned
 for duty in the Military District of Washington, transportation for
 special mission personnel, the administration of the United States
 Air Force Band and the United States Air Force Bandsman Train-
 ing School, and the photographic services of the 4203rd Photo Tech-
 nical Squadron.

   The United States Air Force Security Service is responsible for
 communication intelligence and communication security activities of
 the United States Air Force.

                        Oversea Commands
   The United States Air Forces in Europe and the Far East Air
Force are primarily occupational Air Forces and perform duties
incident to the military occupation of the areas in which located, and
the support of United States interests in adjacent areas.
   The Alaska Air Command and the Caribbean Air Command are
assigned to areas embracing United States possessions and vital inter-
ests. They provide the air elements for the unified force to which they
are assigned and also perform duties similar to the air units in the
United States.
                                         W. STUART SYMINGTON
                                         Secretary of the Air Force

                  JOINT SERVICE SCHOOLS
                          (See pages 162-164.)
                          Department of Justice
                       Constitution Avenue and Tenth Street NW.
                                     REpublic 8200


Attorney General- _                 .
                                 ____        ..             TOM C. CLARK
     Executive Assistant to the Attorney General___         GRACE M. STEWART
Solicitor General -----               —                     PHILIP B. PERLMAN
The Assistant to the Attorney General-----------            PEYTON FORD
Assistant Attorney General, Antitrust Division.__           HERBERT A. BERGSON
Assistant Attorney General, Tax Division _-----             THERON LAMAR CAUDLE
Assistant Attorney, Claims Division _      _---.---         H. GRAHAM MORISON
Assistant Attorney General, Lands Division _-- -            A. DEVITT VANECH
Assistant Attorney General, Criminal Division----           ALEXANDER M. CAMPBELL
Assistant Attorney General, Director, Office of
  Alien Property -------               -    -       -
                                                 DAVID L. BAZELON
Assistant Attorney General, Customs Division---- DAVID
                                                       N. EDELSTEIN
                                                              (New York City)
Assistant Solicitor General -------------                   GEORGE T. WASHINGTON
Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation -------           J. EDGAR HOOVER
    Associate Director     _                      _----------------------TOLSON
                                                          CLYDE A.
    Assistant to the Director ------- --------- D. MILTON LADD
Director, Bureau of Prisons ---------------              JAMES V. BENNETT
    Assistant Director--------------------                MYRL E. ALEXANDER
Board of Parole:                                                          KILLINGER
   Member      _------ ----------------                     GEORGE G.
   Member ------------------                  -----         FRED S. ROGERS
   Member -------------------                       ---     BOLESLAU J. MONKIEWICZ
   Member------              ----------------           -   JAMES A. JOHNSTON
   Member -------------------------                         JOSEPH H. DEWITT
Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization-             WATSON B. MILLER
    Deputy Commissioner ------------------                  A...R. MACKEY
    Special Assistant to the Commissioner -----.            EDWARD J. SHAUGHNESSY
Board of Immigration Appeals:
      Chairman -- ------------------                 ---- THOMAS G. FINUCANE
      Member------------               -----------       - ROBERT M. CHARLES
      Member ----------------------                 -      LEIGH L. NETTLETON
      Member__                                    -   --- ROBERT E. LUDWIG
     Member ----------         ------------------          LOUISA WILSON
     Executive Assistant -----------------------           ANTHONY L. MONTAQUILA
 Pardon Attorney --------------------------                DANIEL M. LYONS
                                                                 L. SCHEDLER
 Director of Public Relations ------------------- DEAN
                                                                     A. ANDRETTA
 Administrative Assistant to the Attorney General__ SALVADOR
            NOTE: The separate statement of organization of the Department
         of Justice submitted pursuant to section 3 (a) (1) of the Administra-
         tive Procedure Act appears at 11 F. R. 177A-102. For amendments
         see Federal Register indexes.

    CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-The Department of Justice was estab-
 lished by the act of June 22, 1870 (16 Stat. 162; 5 U. S. C. 291), with
 the Attorney General at its head. Prior to 1870 the Attorney Gen-
 eral was a member of the President's Cabinet, but not the head of
 department, the office having been created under authority of the
 of September 24, 1789, as amended (1 Stat. 92; 16 Stat. 162; 5 U. S.
   PUTRPOSE.-The chief purposes of the Department of Justice are to
 provide means for the enforcement of the Federal laws, to furnish
   1 Organization chart on page 584.
                          DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE                             193
 legal counsel in Federal cases, and to construe the laws under which
 other departments act. It conducts all suits in the Supreme Court in
 which the United States is concerned, supervises the Federal penal
 institutions, and investigates and detects violations against Federal
 laws. It represents the Government in legal matters generally, render-
 ing legal advice and opinions, upon request, to the President and 'to the
 heads of the executive departments. The Attorney General supervises
 and directs the activities of the United States district attorneys and
 marshals in the various judicial districts.
    ORGANIZATION.-The affairs and activities of the Department of Jus-
 tice are generally directed by the Attorney General. In the office of
 the Attorney General are an Executive Assistant to the Attorney Gen-
 eral and a Director of Public Relations. The Department of Justice
 has the following offices, divisions, bureaus, and boards:
OFFICES:                                  DivisioNS-Continued
     Office of the Attorney General           Lands Division
     Office of the Solicitor General          Criminal Division
     Office of the Assistant to the At-       Customs Division
       torney Genera]                         Administrative Division
     Office of the   Assistant   Solicitor BUREAUS:,
       General                                Federal Bureau of Investigation
    Office of the Pardon Attorney             Bureau of Prisons
    Office of Alien Property                  Immigration and Naturalization
DIVISIONS:                                     Service
    Antitrust Division                    BOARDS:.
    Tax Division                             Board of Immigration Appeals
    Claims Division                           Board of Parole

    THE ATORNEY GENERAL.-The Attorney General, as head of the
 Department of Justice and chief law officer of the Federal Government,
 represents the United States in legal matters generally and gives ad-
 vice and opinions to the President and to the heads of the executive
 departments of the Government when so requested. The Attorney
 General appears in person to represent the Government in the United
 States Supreme Court in cases of exceptional gravity or importance.
The Executive Assistant to the Attorney General and the Director
of Public Relations are attached to the Office of the Attorney General
and report directly to the Attorney General.
   THE SOLICITOR GENERAL.-Under the direction of the Attorney
General, the Solicitor General has special charge of the business of,
and appears for and represents, the Government in the Supreme Court.
When requested by the Attorney General, the Solicitor General may
conduct and argue any case in which the United States is interested, in
any court of the United States, or may attend to the interests of the
Government in any State court or elsewhere, conferring with and
directing the activities of the Federal law officers throughout the coun-
try when the occasion so requires. No appeal is taken by the United
States to any appellate court without the authorization of the Solicitor
General. In the absence or inability of the Attorney General to per-
form his duties, the Solicitor General becomes the Acting Attorney
194              U. S. GOVERNMENT                   ORGANIZATION MANUAL

Attorney General, under the Attorney General, has supervision over
all major units of organization of the Department, and over United
States Attorneys and Marshals. He is chief liaison officer of the De-
partment with the Congress and with other governmental departments
and agencies.
   The office of the Assistant to the Attorney General has direction
of all personnel administration for the Department, including all
appointments, the administration of Federal employees compensation
and retirement acts, classification, and personnel relations.
   Bills incorporating legislative proposals which originate in the
Department of Justice are drafted in this office. It also prepares
reports and recommendations with respect to pending legislation
originating elsewhere in the Government in response to request of
congressional committees and other agencies, and prepares recommen-
dations as to the approval of enrolled bills.
   This office supervises the handling of all appeals referred from
appeal boards to the Department of justice for inquiry and hearing
with respect to the character and good faith of those who are con-
scientiously opposed to war. It also serves as liaison with the Di-
rector of Selective Service in all matters arising under the Selective
Service Act of 1948 and passes upon all requests for deferment on the
part of any personnel of the Department. All matters relating to
parole of those persons who have been convicted of any violation of
the provisions of the Selective Service Act clear through the office
of the Assistant to the Attorney General.
   This office also exercises administrative supervision over the Board
 of Immigration Appeals and the Board of Parole.

  NOTE.-Address same for both except where otherwise indicated by A (Attorney) and M (Marshal)

          District                U. S. Attorneys            U. S. Marshals            Address

Alabama, Northern. -.-----    John D. Hill -----------   RaymondE. Thomason_     Birmingham
Alabama, Middle -.----        E. Burns Parker -----      Benjamin F. Ellis ..--- Montgomery
Alabama, Southern -.-----     Percy C. Fountain ----     Katherine F. Battle '...Mobile
Alaska, Division 1-           Patrick J. Gilmore, Jr__
                                r_----                   William T. Mahoney -.   Juneau
Alaska, Division 2--.-.----   Frank C. Bingham ---       Benjamin B. Mozee ----  Nome
Alaska, Division 3--------    Joseph E. Cooper .-----    Paul C. Herring -       Anchorage
Alaska, Division 4 -...-. .   Harry O. Arend.....- -
                                .-                                               Fairbanks
                                                         Stanley J. Nichols-------
                                                                                I(A) Phoenix
Arizona .---.-.---         -  Frank E. Flynn --..--- Benjamin J. McKinney (M) Tucson
Arkansas, Eastern -...-- -- James T. Gooch--. _--- Noble V. Miller .--.----      Little Rock
Arkansas, Western -------     Respess S. Wilson..---- Jones Floyd.--    .------- Fort Smith
California, Northern -----.   Frank J. Hennessy-..    John A. Roseen..------- San Francisco
California, Southern ------ James M. Carter -.---- James J. Boyle.--             Los Angeles
Canal Zone.              .    Daniel E. McGrath -
                              .........-              John E. Hushing --.--
                                                        J                        Ancon
Colorado --..           ----. Max M. Bulkeley.----- Maurice T. Smith ----        Denver
                                                                                 f(A) Hartford
Connecticut -...-.-----.-     Adrian W. Maher -.--    Bernard Fitch -----         (M)       Haven
Delaware   -wil........       William Marvel- _-      Paul B. Messick --. .
                                                        P—l                         .
District of Columbia -.. .    George M. Fay -- -
                                 .                    W.. Bruce Matthews.-... Washington
  I Court appointment.
                                          DEPARTMENT                OF JUSTICE                                      195
                     UNITED STATES ATTORNEYS AND MARSHALS-Continued

             District                      U. S. Attorneys               U. S. Marshals                  Address

 Florida, Northern--.....              George Earl Hoffman_-.        Jordan B. Royall-__--   _    Pensacola
 Florida, Southern -_....             Herbert S. Phillips ..         Chester S. Dishong      _(A) Jampa
                                                                                              (M) Jacksonville
 Georgia, Northern-........       J. Ellis Mundy -_......            Harry O. Camp -.----    Atlanta
 Georgia, Middle-....____ John P. Cowart.-               __-         Edward B. Doyle -——..   Macon
 Georgia, Southern _-.... J. Saxton Daniel- ___..                    Joseph H. Young - ..-   Savannah
 Hawaii (term 6 years) -          Ray J. O'Brien --- _...-           Otto F. Heine -..-  ----Honolulu
 Idaho .....-       .    __..—-   John A. Carver- __...-             Everett M.Evansa -. .    .
 Illinois, Northern      _.......-Otto Kerner, Jr------              Thomas P. O'Donovan-    Chicago
                                                                                              (A) Benton and E.St.
 Illinois, Eastern -- _-...-.         William W. Hart        .-      Carl J. Werner_       _
                                                                                          ..- Louis
                                                                                             1(M) Danville
 Illinois, Southern --.        ..--- Howard L. Doyle -.--            Robert Grant ..- ...    Springfield
Indiana, Northern .                   Gilmore S. Haynie.             Al W. Hosinski
                                                                             ..                   (A) Fort Wayne
                                                                                                 {(M) South Bend
Indiana, Southern -           --B. Howard Caughran__     Julius J. Wichser --.....                Indianapolis
Iowa, Northern-Tohia—           Tobias E. Diamond-...    Frederick Elliot Bier-                   (A) Sioux City
                                                          mann                                    (M) Dubuque
Iowa, Southern      __...-__- William R. Hart ----
                             ..                          James Joseph Gillespie                   Des Moines
Kansas --      ____....-        Lester Luther -....-...- William M. Lindsay....                   Topeka
Kentucky, Eastern-__.-          Claude P. Stephens -—- John M. Moore......         .              Lexington
Kentucky, Western-.... ..-      David C. Walls- .-    —--Loomis E. Cranor-....                    Louisville
Louisiana. Eastern ...
                     __      . J. Skelly Wright-._- H. Chess Richardson._-                        New Orleans
Louisiana, Western --       _ Malcolm E. LaFargue__ Louis E. LeBlanc ----.                        Shreveport
Maine        - _-- ---------- Alton A. Lessard ...-      Thomas N. Curra                          (M) Bngortl
                                                                                                 -(M) BangorI
Maryland            ..--     _ ..      Bernard J. Flynn ----.  Richard C. O'Connell_              Baltimore
Massachusetts---.—.      .             George F. Garrity -....
                                      ...-                     Arthur J. B. Cartier--.            Boston
Michigan, Eastern..-...                Edward T. Kane ------ Joseph L. Wisniewski.                Detroit
Michigan, Western           _-..-      Joseph F. Deeb _--..... Edwin D. Bolger-----               Grand Rapids
Minnesota -..........             -    John W. Graff -------   John J. McGowan -                  St. Paul
Mississippi, Northern— -   -           Chester L. Sumners. _. John Wesley Thompson                Oxford
                                                                 Falkner, IV
Mississippi, Southern -.              Joseph E. Brown ---- _ Rupert H. Newcomb__                 Jackson
Missouri, Eastern --                  Drake Watson._-.--.      Otto Schoen .. _....._- .         St. Louis
Missouri, Western --     -             Sam M. Wear _.......- Fred A. Canfli..-.....              Kansas City
Montana -...               _- _--—John B. Tansil       .          .. Dimitre A. Batchoff         {.(A) Billngs
                                                                                                 I(M) Great Falls
Nebraska -.. __.....             - Joseph T. Votava -             - Frank Golden
                                                                               .....- __.         Omaha
Nevada       -__......._.       Miles N. Pike ..-                   Edward M. Ranson
                                                                                 (M) Carson
                                                                                .(M) Carson City
New Hampshire -           .... D...-
                                Dennis E. Sullivan-....
                                                      Alphonse Roy --....        Concord
New Jersey -      —       —... Alfred E. Modarelli.l   .
                                                      Hubert J. Harrington_- Newark
New Mexico ----------- Everett M. Grantham-           Felire Sanchez y Bacas. Santa Fe
New York, Northern -...-        Irving J. Higbee .-   Gerald K. Nellis           () Syracuse
                                                                       -- """-- ((M) Utica
New York, Southern ...--. John F. X. McGohey___ James E. Mulcahy ----            New York City
New York, Eastern.-._        J. Vincent Keogh...-     Eugene J. Smith-..__... Brooklyn
New York, Western-...         George L. Grobe-....    Raymond A. Morgan .. (A) Buffalo
                                                                                 (M) Rochester
North Carolina, Eastern-.... John H. Manning .--- Ford S. Worthy-...-_--         Raleigh
                                                                                (A) Greensboro
North Carolina, Middle....   Bryce R. Holt - i        William D. Kizziah... (B) Greensboro and
North Carolina, Western..    Thomas A. Uzzell, Jr... Jacob C. Bowman            Asheville
North Dakota ---...   .      Powless W. Lanier
                             ..              .-     C Chester M. Foresman I Fargo
 I Mailing address, Portland. Maine.


          District                 U. S. Attorneys                U. S. Marshals               Address

Ohio, Northern -..------          Donald C. Miller..-      - John J. Wein_-------- Cleveland
Ohio, Southern ----          -- Ray J. O'Donnell -        .- Harold K. Claypool- _.      Columbus
                                                             Virgil B. Stanley-------    Tulsa
Oklahoma, Northern --.--. Whitfield Y. Mauzy
Oklahoma, Eastern -----            Cleon A. Summers.-- Oranville T. Norris .-- Muskogee
                                                                                      - Oklahoma City
Oklahoma, Western--.---- Robert E. Shelton ...-.- Dave E. Hilles ..- ..-
                                   Henry L. Hess
                        .-----------                         Jack R. Canfield .----
                                                      .-------                           Portland
                                                             Joseph C. Reing ----        Philadelphia
Pennsylvania, Eastern -. .. Gerald A. Gleeson--.--
Pennsylvania, Middle.. --- Arthur A. Maguire ----            Carl H. Fleckenstine..- Scranton
Pennsylvania, Western--.-. Owen McIntosh Burns._ John E. Sloan.--__—.
                  .. ------- Francisco Ponsa Feliu.          Donald A. Draughon-__       San Juan
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island --..    -------       George F. Troy ---..---- Charles M. Eldridge -. Providence
South Carolina, Eastern -.. Benjamin Scott Whaley Alfred J. Plowden ----
South Carolina, Western ... Oscar Henry Doyle--.- A. Roy Ashley.--
South Dakota-       -----          Leo P. Flynn ..-    .      Theodore B. Werner..- Sioux Falls

Tennessee, Eastern..            ....Otto T. Ault -.---     —--Henry Robert Bell-        [(M) Chattanooga
                                                                                         (A) Knoxville

                                   Ward Hudgins --- —--- Larry M. Morphis.--             Nashville
Tennessee, Middle-—...—.
                               - John Brown..--- -            Ben Ivy King ------        Memphis
Tennessee, Western -..--
Texas, Northern ---           —---  Frank B. Potter --- —-- James R. Wright -. ... Fort Worth
                              —--   Brian S. Odem ------- M. Frank Hammond-.             Houston
Texas, Southern -...--
                                                                                       ~(A) Tyler
Texas, Eastern -- —----.-           Warren G. Moore  s---— Stanford C. Stiles-              ) Texarkan
                               Henry W. Moursund__.            Kehoe C. Shannon..-.       San Antonio
Texas, Western -- -
            ----------         Scott M. Matheson --            Gilbert Mecham -.----.     Salt Lake City
Utah                                                                                    t(A) Burlington
Vermont -..     ---- _-...     Joseph A. McNamara-             Edward L. Burke -          (M) Rutland
                                                                                        1(A) St. Thomas
Virgin Islands.------          Francisco Corneiro -      - Douglas S. Armstrong-          (M) St. Croix
                                                                                        [(A) Richmond
Virginia, Eastern -...---- George R. Humrick-                                .
                                                               Robert L. Ailworth         (M) Norfolk
                                                               Leland S. Finney -----   Roanoke
Virginia, Western -------- Howard C. Gilmer, Jr__
                           Harvey Erickson --...- -            Wayne Bezona ..-----     Spokane
Washington, Eastern ----
Washington, Western -.     J. . Charles Dennis                 John S. Denise. Sr..- -Seattle

 West Virginia, Northern ..    Charles Lee Spillers--          Russell Nichols ---        A) Fairmng

 West Virginia, Southernm..   Leslie E. Given ---       —--    William H. McGinnis.s      Charleston
                      —     — Timothy T. Cronin         -..-   Anton J. Lukaszewicz-_     Milwaukee
 Wisconsin, Eastern..-
                              Charles H. Cashin.        ----   John M. Comeford --
                                                                               .          Madison
 Wisconsin, Western ----.
 Wyoming.-.-     ------ -     Johr C. Pickett ---       —--    Albert A. Sanders ...- —   Cheyenna

    THE ASSISTANT SOLICITOR GENERAL.-The Assistant Solicitor Gen-
 eral has the responsibility of preparing the formal opinions of the
 Attorney General, of rendering informal opinions and legal advice
 to the various governmental agencies, and of assisting the Attorney
 General in the performance of his functions as legal adviser to the
 President and as a member of and legal adviser to the Cabinet. His
 office also reviews as to form and legality, and makes necessary
 revisions of, all proposed Executive orders and proclamations prior
 to their final submission to the President, as well as regulations which
 require the approval of the President or the Attorney General. The
 office also performs the legal work involved with respect to gifts and
 bequests made to the Government. An additional function of the
 office is to represent Federal agencies in the coordination of Federal-
 State relations in the field of law to the end that matters which may
 be best disposed of by State action are handled by the States rather
                          DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE                             197

than by the Federal Government. The office also performs special
assignments on the direction of the Attorney General and the Solicitor
   ADMINISTRATIvE DIvIsIoN.-Under the direction of the Administra-
tive Assistant to the Attorney General this office handles administra-
tive and fiscal matters generally, budget matters, accounting and
auditing, personnel transactions, supplies, mails and files, printing,
binding, and similar work, and the examination of offices of United
States attorneys and United States marshals.
   ANTITRUST DIVISION.-The Assistant Attorney General for the Anti-
trust Division is charged with the enforcement of the antitrust and
30 kindred acts.
   The Division receives complaints and, in cooperation with the Fed-
eral Bureau of Investigation, conducts investigations which, where
appropriate, lead to criminal prosecutions or suits in equity designed
to break up monopolies and restraints of interstate or foreign trade.
   The Division is charged with the responsibility under section 20
of the Surplus Property Act of 1944 of advising the disposal agen-
cies (see War Assets Administration) whether the disposition of prop-
erty including patents, processes, techniques, or inventions costing 1
million dollars or more would violate the antitrust laws.
   The Antitrust Division has temporary field establishments in the
following locations:
                     City                                 Address
 Boston 8, Mass--_______________________ Room 619, 294 Washington Street
 Chicago 4, Il ___________________________ Suite 826, 208 S. LaSalle Street
Cleveland 13, Ohio-_____________________ 237 Leader Building, E. Sixth Street
                                             and Superior Avenue
Denver 2, Colo-_________________________ 470 Post Office Building
Detroit 26, Mich-_________________ _____.Room 838, Federal Building
Jacksonville, Fla___-___________.________405 Post Office Building
Kansas City 15, Kans_______-____________ Room 305, 1401 Fairfax Traffic Way
Los Angeles 12, Calif____________________ 1602 U. S. Post Office and Courthouse
New York 7, N. Y_________ ______________ 232 U. S. Courthouse, Foley Square
Philadelphia, Pa____
                 -_-________________510        Jefferson Building, Eleventh and
                                             Chestnut Streets
San Francisco 2, Calif________.__________ 248 Federal Office Building
Seattle 4, Wash___________________.___._ 714 U. S. Courthouse
  TAX DIVISION.-The Assistant Attorney General in charge of the
Tax Division is charged with the prosecution and defense of all civil
suits arising out of the internal revenue laws; of appellate proceedings
in connection therewith including the briefing and argument in the
Federal Circuit Courts of Appeals of petitions to review decision.
of The Tax Court of the United States and of appellate proceedings
in the Supreme Court of the United States upon assignment by, and
under the supervision of, the Solicitor General of the United States.
He has charge of all criminal prosecutions of violations of the internal
revenue laws, except criminal prosecutions arising out of the liquor
tax laws, including cooperation with and direction of the United
States attorneys in the conduct of such cases. He has charge of the
enforcement of tax liens and the conduct of mandamus, injunction and
other specific writs, and all general matters relating to taxes. This

Assistant Attorney General has jurisdiction over all questions of
intergovernmental tax immunity whether that question arises by
reason of an attempt by the State to impose a tax upon the exercise
of a Federal power or by a State in resisting the imposition of a
Federal tax. With respect to cases under his jurisdiction, authority
is delegated to the Assistant Attorney General in charge of the Tax
Division by the Attorney General to accept or reject offers in com-
promise of claims in behalf of the United States in all cases wherein
the gross amount of the original claim does not exceed the sum of
$50,000 and in claims against the United States wherein the amount
of the proposed settlement does not exceed the amount of $10,000. With
respect to claims in excess of these amounts, the Assistant Attorney
 General recommends acceptance or rejection of compromises in tax
cases to the Attorney General.
    CLAIMS DIVISION.-The Assistant Attorney General in charge
the Claims Division has      general charge of all civil suits and claims
for and against the Federal Government, its officers and agencies,
not otherwise specially assigned, excluding antitrust, tax, land, or
 Indian matters, but including all other civil litigation, such as con-
 tracts, admiralty and shipping, injunctions, patents and copyrights,
 bankruptcy, requisitions (other than land), renegotiation proceedings,
 alien enemy litigation, civil penalties and forfeitures, and claims under
the Litvinoff Assignment. Functions of the Division include all phases
 of protection of the Government's interest in inventions and patents,
 acquisitions of patent rights, all interference and infringement litiga-
 tion, and investigation of the scope and validity of patents. Such mat-
 ters include forfeiture of foreign vessels for sabotage, civil suits based
 on war frauds, requisitioning of merchant vessels and strategic mate-
 rials, war contract matters, war patent problems, preservation of mili-
 tary and naval secrets, War Savings Bonds litigation, civil enforce-
 ment of export control, war shipping litigation, and civil litigation
 involving Selective Service. This Division also handles veterans' civil
 matters such as reemployment cases, war-risk insurance litigation and
 matters arising under World War Veterans Act, the National Servie-
 Life Insurance Act, and kindred statutes.
    LANDS DIVISION.-The Assistant Attorney General in charge of the
  Lands Division supervises all suits and matters of a civil nature
  in the Federal district courts, in the State courts, and in the Court
  of Claims relating to lands and real property. This includes con-
  demnation proceedings for the acquisition of property, actions to re-
  move clouds and to quiet title, to recover possession, to recover dam-
  ages, to determine boundaries, to cancel patents, to set aside ad
  valoremn taxes and tax sales, to establish rights in minerals, including
  mineral leases, in oil reserves, and in other natural resources, to estab-
  lish and protect water rights, to defend actions for compensation
  for the claimed taking by the United States of land or any interest
  in land, whether by eminent domain or otherwise, to defend actions
  seeking to establish an interest in real property adverse to the United
   States, and to defend actions for damages to real property caused
                             DEPARTMENT        OF JUSTICE                           199
   by the negligent or wrongful acts or omissions of Government em-
   ployees. The Lands Division also is charged with representing the
   interests of the United States in all civil litigation pertaining to
   Indians and Indian affairs, including the defense of Indian claims
   against the United States, whether in the Court of Claims or before
   the Indian Claims Commission. It defends officers of the United
   States, handles injunction and mandamus proceedings and litigation
   arising from war contracts where those matters affect the rights of
   the United States in the use or title of its real property.
     With certain exceptions specified by statute, the Lands Division
   passes upon the title to all lands acquired by the United States by di-
   rect purchase.
     CRIMINAL DiviSION.-The Assistant Attorney General in charge of
  the Criminal Division has responsibility for and supervises the en-
   forcement of Federal criminal laws generally, including matters relat-
  ing to criminal practice and procedure, and generally directs United
  States attorneys with respect to the conduct of criminal prosecutions
  involving violations of Federal criminal statutes such as counterfeiting
  and forgery; bribery- customs; firearms; extortion; current
  liquor laws; larceny and theft; impersonation; kidnaping; national
  banking and bankruptcy; narcotics; passport; postal; antiracketeer-
  ing; white slave traffic; Securities Acts * Fair Labor Standards; Labor-
  Management Relations; export control; crimes on the high seas and
  Government reservations; atomic energy; treason, espionage, sedi-
  tion, and kindred offenses directed against the internal security;
  frauds upon the Government arising out of war contracts, except suits
  for the recovery of money damages; infringements of civil rights, in-
 cluding interference with the ballot, peonage, Corrupt Practices Acts,
 the Hatch Act, and conspiracy to violate the National Labor Relations
 Act; handles various types of civil matters such as those arising under
 the immigration and naturalization laws including expatriation and
 cancellation of citizenship proceedings; the Food, Drug, and Cosmetics
 Act; Hours of Service, Safety Appliance, and similar acts; extradi-
 tion proceedings; habeas corpus proceedings; petitions for remission or
 mitigation of forfeitures and offers of compromise under current
 liquor revenue, customs, and narcotics laws; and the collection of out-
 standing bail bond judgments and unpaid fines; administers the
 Foreign Agents Registration Act, and has charge of legal matters per-
taining to prisons and parole, of briefs and arguments in the Supreme
 Court on assignment by the Solicitor General and of matters specially
assigned by the Attorney General.
    OFFICE OF ALIEN PROPERTY.--The Assistant Attorney General who
has charge of the Office of Alien Property exercises the functions of
the Attorney General in controlling or vesting foreign-owned prop-
erty, whether the ownership rests with a foreign government, with an
individual who is a national of a foreign government, or with a busi-
ness enterprise which is a national of a foreign government. Once
  1The separate statement of organization of the Office of Alien Property
 ursuant to section 3 (a) (1) of the Administrative Procedure Act appears at submitted
                                                                              13 F. R.
9605. For amendments see Federal Register indexes.

vested, such property shall be held, used, administered, liquidated,
sold, or otherwise dealt with in accordance with the Trading With the
Enemy Act, in the interest of and for the benefit of the United States.
The payment of debt claims, title claims, and taxes out of vested prop-
erty is authorized under specific statutory conditions. This Assistant
Attorney General also has charge of litigation in which the Office
of Alien Property is interested and of litigation arising from the
foreign funds program of the Treasury Department. He prepares
informal legal opinions to the Treasury Department involving prob-
lems relating to alien property or foreign funds control and on mat-
ters of legal policy in the administration of the foregoing programs
under the Trading With the Enemy Act.
    CUSTOVMS DivIsIoN.-The Assistant Attorney General in charge of
the Customs Division protects the interest of the Government in all
 litigated matters of reappraisement and classification of imported
 goods. He represents the Government in all proceedings brought by
 importers in the United States Customs Court, including the briefing
 and argument of cases on appeal in the United States Court of
 Customs and Patent Appeals.
   FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION.--The Director of the Federal
Bureau of Investigation has charge of the investigation of all viola-
tions of Federal laws with the exception of those which have been
assigned by legislative enactment or otherwise to some other Federal
agency, such as the statutes pertaining to counterfeiting, postal viola-
tions, customs violations, and internal revenue matters. The FBI has
jurisdiction over violations of espionage, sabotage, treason, and other
matters pertaining to the internal security of the United States. It
also investigates alleged violations of approximately 120 Federal
statutes including such laws as the National Bank Act, Federal Kid-
naping Statute, the National Motor Vehicle Theft Act, the White
Slave Traffic Act, and the Atomic Energy Act of 1946.

               Division                                       Building                                     Office Phone

 Albany 7, N. Y-..----.-------- 707 National Savings Bank ---.--------.---                            5-7551
 Anchorage, Alaska ....----.--          Federal      ..----...                                       Main 521
 Atlanta 3, Ga        - ...             501 Healey------.-..
                                         ..--.                                                        Walnut 3605
 Baltimore 2, Md.          .
                          .-       ........ Court Square ----------
                                        800                                                           Lexington 6700
 Birmingham 3, Ala --.-.-..---          30(0American Life----..                                       4-7711
 Boston 9, Mass ------- .               100 Milk Street- ——..
                                            3.-.-.           --                              ..--.... Liberty 5533
 Buffalo 2, N. Y --.---------           400 U. S. Courthouse -—-----------                            Madison 1200
 Butte, Mont -- ———.                    302 Federal ...----------------                               2-2304
 Charlotte 2, N. C      ..-             914 Johnston-..         ...----------------                   3-4127
 Chicago 3, Ill113.---——.--.             1900 Bankers'.-  .-------------------------                  Randolph 2150
 Cincinnati 2, Ohio --------..-          637 U. S. Post Office and Courthouse ------ Cherry 7127
 Cleveland 13, Ohio -0-------- -00             Standard--. —--------------                            Prospect 3550
 Dallas, Tex -..-------„       —         1318 Mercantile Bank      .             .            ..---------------- 6101
 Denver 2, Colo        —.-.-1.            518 Railway Exchange -—.                 ..----------- Main 4335
 Detroit 26, Mich-..-        .--------- 913 Federal ------------------    .            .....------ Randolph 2905
  El Paso, Tex ---.-.-.-..-- —--- 202 U. S. Courthouse...-...---------                                Main 1711
 Honolulu 16, Hawaii--..-.----            206 Dillingham-        —--—-----  --                        59546
  Houston 2, Tex ------.-------           1221 Niels Esperson --..-.---------                          Charter 4-6061
  Indianapolis 4, Ind -..      .                            —
                                          327 Federal .-.----------------
                                            ......                                                     Market 6415
                                           DEPARTMENT                 OF JUSTICE                                            201


                Division                                      Building                                   Office phone

 Kansas City 6, Mo --.....               707 U. S. Courthouse .--             ....        _........._. .  Victor 4686
 Knoxville 02, Tenn._-.._..              407 Hamilton National Bank-..-.........                          4-2721
 Little Rock, Ark.......-. ..
                            _           445 Federal --...-                -----
                                                                         ---------....                    23158
 Los Angeles 13, Calif -.         -      0..-
                                        900 Security ---         ...-..-           ------------ Madison 7241
 Louisville 2, Ky --..-------           633 Federal ............-.....                    —.......-.. Wabash 8851
 Memphis 3. Tenn--...---.--.            2401 Sterick --            .-. ......-............               5-7373
 Miami 32, Fla..-        ..-------.     1300 Biscayne ....----------                              ---- 9-2421
 Milwaukee 2, Wis-.-.                   735
                                       7-..-.U.S. Post Office, Customs and Court- Daly 4684
  Mobile, Ala--..1-------. .- 523 Federal ..----------...----                                ........ 2-8711
  Newark 2, N; J -...-...-.-            1836 Raymond-Commerce--...                            .-----.. Market 2-5613
  New Haven 10, Conn--1... . 610 The Trust Company-__--.....                                             7-1217
  New Orleans 12, La -. ...... 1308 Masonic Temple -.. -------------                                     Canal 4671
  New York 7, N. Y............ 607 U. S. Courthouse, Foley Square--..                                   .Rector 2-3515
  Norfolk 10, Va-----          ------ 411 Flatiron .-.------                         ............        4-5441
  Oklahoma City 2, Okla .--.           940 First National ..-       _.._         ........-               2-8186
  Omaha 2, Nebr --........-             1010 Federal ..--.......             ...-....... —....Jackson 8220
  Philadelphia 7, Pa -. —--—-500 Widener             ..-----                         ------- __. -. Rittenhouse 6-5300
 Phoenix, Ariz -..------------ 109 U. S. Federal Courthouse -.--------                                   4-7133
  Pittsburgh 19, Pa -...        -      620 New Federal-.-.—-----.-------                                 Grant 2000
 Portland 5, Oreg -.------ —           411 U. S. Courthouse ..--..--------                               Broadway 1167
 Richmond 19, Va-           -.- —------ Richmond Trust ---- —--—----.--..
                                       601                                                               7-2631
 St. Louis 1, Mo -------. --- 423 U. S. Courthouse and Customhouse.                                      Chestnut 5357
 St. Paul 1, Minn--.—---- 404 New York                  .---------                  ---..---- Garfield 7509
 Salt Lake City 1, Utah -            1-- Continental Bank...---- --
                                       301                                                   —---- 5-7521
 San Antonio 6, Tex ---...-           -478 Federal--.                   ........................        Garfield 4216
 San Diego 1. Calif ----         —--- 728 San Diego Trust and Savings Bank_                             Main 3044
 San Francisco 2, Calif -----          422 Federal Office, Civic Center..- .                           .Klondike 2-2155
 San Juan 21, P. R ------.             508 Banco Popular     .-----------                         - 2-0125
 Savannah, Ga-           —-- ——__. 305 Realty _.
                                         .                          _.                    ._...-        3-3026
 Seattle 4, Wash_  ------         -- 407 U. S. Courthouse............-...-..... Main 0460
 Springfield, Ill---- ----.
               II                      1107 Illinois -..       ---------------.---.--                   2-9675
 Washington 25, D. C-     .      —..- 1706 Department of Justice -.                    .                Republic 5226 or Executive

  BUEEAU OF PRISoNs.-The Director of the Bureau of Prisons has
general supervision over the operation of Federal penal institutions,
the commitment and management of Federal prisoners, and the con-
tracting with local institutions for the confinement and support of
prisoners. Under his supervision, the Federal Prison Industries. In-
corporated, has jurisdiction over all industrial enterprises and sponsors
vocational training programs in all Federal penal and correctional
institutions. Its policies, however, are controlled by a board of five
directors appointed by the President.


                     Penitentiaries                                             CorrectionalInstitutions
Alcatraz, California                                             Ashland, Kentucky
Atlanta, Georgia                                                 Danbury, Connecticut
Leavenworth, Kansas                                              Denver, Colorado
Lewisburg, Pennsylvania                                          La Tuna, Texas
McNeil Island, Washington                                        Milan, Michigan
Terre Haute, Indiana                                             Seagonville, Texas
                                                                 Tallahassee, Florida
                                                                 Texarkana, Texas

               Reformatories                               Detention Headquarters

Alderson, West Virginia (women)                   427 West St., New York, N. Y.
Cluillicothe, Ohio
El Reno, Oklahoma                                                     Camps
Petersburg, Virginia
                                                  Mill Point, West Virginia
                                                  Montgomery, Alabama
                                                  Tucson, Arizona
           Juvenile Institutions
Englewood, Colorado                                                  Hospital
National Training School for Boys, Wash-
  ington, D. C.                                   Springfield, Missouri
Natural Bridge, Virginia

   BOARD OF PAROLE.-The Parole Board, consisting of five members
appointed by the Attorney General, has the duty of granting and
revoking paroles of Federal prisoners.
   OFFICE OF THE PARDON ATTORNEY.-The Pardon Attorney has charge
of applications for pardon and other forms of Executive clemency.
zation Plan V, approved June 4, 1940, and effective June 14, 1940, the
Immigration and Naturalization Service was transferred from the
Department of Labor to the Department of Justice.
   The Immigration and Naturalization Service, created by the act of
March 3, 1891 (26 Stat. 1085), administers the immigration and
naturalization laws relating to the admission, exclusion, and deporta-
tion of aliens, and the naturalization of aliens lawfully resident in
the United States. It investigates alleged violations of those laws
and makes recommendations for prosecutions when deemed advisable.
It patrols the borders of the United States to prevent the surreptitious
 entry of aliens into the United States in violation of law.
    It supervises naturalization work in the specific courts designated
by section 301 of the Nationality Act of 1940 (54 Stat. 1140; 8 U. S. C.
 701), to have jurisdiction in such matters. This includes requirement
 of accountings from the clerks of such courts for naturalization fees
collected, investigations-through field officers-of the qualifications
 of citizenship applicants, and representation of the Government at
 all court hearings. It cooperates with the public schools in providing
 citizenship textbooks and other facilities and services for the prepa-
 ration of candidates for naturalization.
     The Immigration and Naturalization Service also registers and
 fingerprints aliens in the United States, as required by title III of the
 Alien Registration Act, 1940, approved June 28, 1940 (54 Stat. 673; 8
 U. S. C. 451-60).
                    DISTRICT 1: 45 Kingman St., St. Albans, Vt.

 Bangor, Maine, Post Office Bidg.                  Burlington, Vt., Administration Bldg., Burlington
 Beecher Falls, Vt., Border Inspection Station,     Airport.
  Vermont State Route 102.                         Calais, Maine, 1 Main Street.

   iThe separate statement of organization of the Immigration and Naturalization
                                                                              appears at
 submitted pursuant to section 3 (a) (1) of the Administrative Procedure Act
 12 F. R. 5065. For  amendments see Federal Register indexes.
                                    DEPARTMENT           OF JUSTICE                                  203
                               DISTRICT 1: 45 Kingman St., St. Albans, Vt.-Con.

 Fort Fairfield, Maine, Border Inspection Station,     New Port, Vt., I &N Service Bldg., Main St.
  Maine State Route 161, Aroostook Falls Rd.           Norton, Vt., Border Inspection Station, Vermont
 Fort Kent, Maine, International Bridge, Main St.        State Route 114.
 Halifax. Nova Scotia, Canada, 505 Barrington St.      Ogdensburg, N. Y., P &O Ferry Bldg., Isabella St.
 Highgate Springs, Vt., Border Inspection Station,     Richford, Vt., U. S. Border Station, Vermont State
  U. S. Route 7.                                         Route 13.
 Houlton, Maine, Military Road, U. S. Route 2.         Rooseveltown,N.Y., International Bridge.
               Jac an, Canadian Pacific Railroad
                        Maine,                         Rouses Point, N. Y., Border Inspection Station,
           Jackman Station, anadian
  Statickman,          C                                 U. S. Route 9.
  Station, Jackmean   Station,Maine.                   Thousand Island Bridge, N. Y., Thousand Island
 Madawaska, Maine, International Bridge, Bridge St'      Bridge (via Clayton, N. Y.)
 Malone, N. Y., Federal Bldg.                          Van Buren, Maine, International Bridge, Bridge St.
 Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Drummond Bldg., 1117        Vanceboro, Maine, Maine Central Railroad Sta-
  St. Catherine St. W.                                  tion.

                                 DISTRICT 2: 73 Tremont St., Boston 8, Mass.

Hartford 2, Conn., 207 Post Office Bldg                Providence , R. I., 21 Post O e Bldg.
Portland 6, Maine, 316 U. S. Courthouse.               Springfield 3, Mass., 328 Post Office Bldg.

                          DISTRICT 3: 70 Columbus Ave., New York 23, N. Y.

Albany 7, N. Y., Room 536, 90 State St.               Newark 2, N. J., 1060 Broad St.

                 DISTRICT 4: Pennsylvania Bldg., 42 South 15th St., Philadelphia 2, Pa.

Pittsburgh 19, Pa., 707 New Post Office Bldg.         Wilkes Barre, Pa., Post Office Bldg.

  DISTRICT 5: 341 U. S. Post Office and Courthouse Bldg., Calvert and Fayette
                                                                              Sts., Baltimore 2, Md.

Newport News, Va., 12 Post Office Bldg.               Washington 4, D. C., 08 Hutchins Bldg.
Norfolk 10, Va., 467 New Monroe Bldg.

                                DISTRICT 6: 920 Second Ave., Miami 27, Fla.

Atlanta 3, Ga., 1309 Marietta St. Bldg.               Havana, Cuba, Officer in Charge, U. S. Immigration
Charleston, S. C., U. S. Customhouse, East Bay and     and Naturalization Service, c/o American Em-
  Market Sts., P. 0. Box 282.                          bassy, Apartado 2229.
Jacksonville I, Fla., U. S. Courthouse and Post       Key West, Fla., 224 New Post Office Bldg., Simon-
  Office Bldg., P. O. Box 4608.                        ton and Carolina Sts., P. 0. Box 86.
Mobile 2, Ala., 457 U. S. Courthouse and Custom-      New Orleans 9, La., 1539 Jackson Ave., P. O. Box
  house, P. O. Box 194.                                714.
San Juan P. R., U. S. Post Office and Courthouse      Tampa, Fla., Federal Bldg., P. O. Box 3271.
  Bldg., P. 0. Box 1986.                              West Palm Beach, Fla., 314 Guaranty Bldg., 120
Savannah, Ga., 208 U. S. Customhouse, I East Bay       S. Oliver Ave., P. O. Box 2691.
  St., P. 0. Box 21.

       834486°-49         14
             DISTRICT 7: Jackson Bldg., 220 Delaware Ave., Buffalo 2, N. Y.

Cleveland 14, Ohio, 435 Federal Bldg.                    Syracuse 1, N. Y., 301 Federal Bldg.
Niagara Falls, N. Y., Rainbow Bridge.
Rochester 14, N. Y., 20 Federal Bldg.                    Toronto 5, Ontario, Canada, 1174 Bay St.

                         DISTRICT 8: 3770 East Jefferson Ave., Detroit 7, Mich.

                                                                     Pine Grove and Elmwood Sts.
Cincinnati 1, Ohio, Post Office and Courthouse Port Huron, Mich.,
 Bldg., P. O. Box 537.
                                                                   Mich.. Post Office Bldg., Portage
Columbus, Ohio, 351 New Post Office Bldg., P. 0. Sault Ste. Marie,
 Box 1376.                                         Ave.
Flint, Mich., 432 North Saginaw St.
                                                                 305 New Federal Bldg.
Hammond, Ind., 402 Post Office Bldg., State and Toledo 2, Ohio,
  Oakley Streets.

                 DISTRICT 9: Post Office Bldg., Van Buren and Canal Sts., Chicago 7,

Duluth, Minn., 329 Post Office Bldg.             Portal, N. Dak.
International Falls, Minn., Immigration and Cus- St. Paul 1, Minn., New Post Office Bldg.,
  toms Bldg.                                       Blvd. between Jackson and Sibley Sts.
Milwaukee, Wis., Federal Bldg., 517 E. Wis. Ave.
Noyes, Minn.                                     Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, Trust & Loan
Hovland, Minn., Pigeon River Bridge.               Bldg., 173 Portage Avenue E.

                 DISTRICT 11: 819 U. S. Courthouse, 811 Grand Ave., Kansas City 6,

 Denver 2, Colo., 355 Post Office Bldg.             St. Louis 1, Mo., 602 U. S. Courthouse and Custom
 Omaha 2, Nebr., 203 Federal Office Bldg., 15th and   house, 12th and Market Sts.
  Dodge Sts.

                              DISTRICT 12: 815 Airport Way, Seattle 4, Wash.

 Aberdeen, Wash., Post Office Bldg., 2d and G Sts.        Port Angeles, Wash., Post Office Bldg., 1st and
 Anacortes, Wash., Post Office Bldg., 6th and              Oak Sts.
   Commercial Sts.                                        Portland 5, Oreg., 333 U. S. Courthouse, Broadway
 Anchorage, Alaska, 221 Central Bldg., P. 0. Box           and Main Sts.
   2298.                                                  Raymond, Mont.
 Astoria, Oreg., Post Office Bldg., 326 Commercial St.    Roosville, Mont. (via Eureka, Mont.)
 Babb, Mont.                                              Skagway, Alaska, Railway Bldg., Broadway and
 Bellingham, Wash., Post Office Bldg., Magnolia and         Second.
   Cornwall Sts.                                          Spokane 8, Wash., 605 Welch Bldg., Howard St.
 Blaine, Wash.                                              and Main Ave.
 Eastport, Idaho.                                         Sumas, Wash., Boundary and Cherry Sts.
 Juneau, Alaska, Juneau Airport, P. 0. Box 2960.          Sweetgrass, Mont.
 Ketchikan, Alaska, Federal Bldg., Mission and            Tacoma, Wash., Post Office Bldg., 11th and A Sts.
   Stedman Sts.                                           Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, Credit-
 Lynden, Wash., Guide Meridian Rd.                          Foncier Bldg., 850 Hastings St. W.
 Metaline Falls, Wash.                                    Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, Campbell
 Oroville, Wash.                                            Bldg., 1029 Douglas St.
                                                          Walla Wall, Wash., Post Office Bldg., 2d and
                                                            Shumach Sts.
                                   DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE                                                 205
                 DISTRICT 13: Appraisers Bldg., San Francisco 11, Calif.

  Fresno 1, Calif., 310 Post Office Bldg.                Salinas, Calif., 1610 E. Alisal, P. O. Box 117, Alisal
  Oakland 7, Calif., 313 New Post Office Bldg.             Branch.
  Reno, Nev., 321 Byington Bldg.                         Salt Lake City, Utah, 407 Post Office Bldg., P. O.
  Sacramento, Calif., 432 Federal Bldg.                    Box 628.
                                                         Stockton 3, Calif., 235 City Hall.

 DISTRICT 14: U. S. Post Office and Courthouse Bldg., Alamo Plaza
                                                                  and Houston St., San Antonio 6, Tex.

 Brownsville, Tex., Gateway International Bridge,       Hidalgo, Tex., International Bridge.
   P. 0. Box 551.                                       Houston 14, Tex., Federal Office Bldg., P. O. Box
 Corpus Christi, Tex., Federal Bldg. (P. 0. Box 746).    4059.
 Dallas 2, Tex., 1114 Commerce St.                      Laredo, Tex., Federal Bldg., P. 0. Box 179.
 Del Rio, Tex., International Bridge, P. 0. Box 1079.   Port Arthur, Tex., U. S. Post Office and Custom-
 Eagle Pass, Tex., International Bridge, P. 0. Box       house, P. 0. Box 69.
  195.                                                  Roma, Tex., International Bridge, P. . Box 28.
 Galveston, Tex., U. S. Post Office, P. 0. Box 388.

                               DISTRICT 15: U. S. Courthouse, El Paso, Tex.

Albuquerque, N. Mex., U. S. Courthcuse, Gold            Nogales, Ariz., P. 0. Box 819
  and 5th Sts., P. 0. Box 567.                          Phoenix, Ariz., 603 Goodrich Bldg., 14 North
Columbus, N. Mex., Pershing Rd., P. 0. Box 597.           Central Ave.
Douglas, Ariz., P. 0. Box 631.                          Presidio, Tex., International Bridge, P. O. Box 968.
Fabens, Tex., Guadalure Gate.                           Sasabe, Ariz., Federal Inspection Bldg.
Globe, Ariz., Federal Bldg., Hill and Sycamore Sts.     Sonoyta Gate, Ariz., Ajo, Ariz., P. O. Box 116.
 P. 0. Box 348.                                         Tucson, Ariz., Post Office Bldg., Scott and Broad-
Marfa, Tex., Fort D. A. Russell.                         way Sts., P. O. Box 2191.
Naco, Ariz., P. 0. Box 47.                              Ysleta, Tex., International Bridge.

                  DISTRICT 16: Rowan Bldg., 458 South Spring St., Los Angeles 13, Calif.

 Andrade, Calif.                                       San Luis Obispo, Calif., Bank of America Bldg., 775
 Bakersfield, Calif., 100 Progressive Bldg., 1417 18th   Higuerra St.
  St., P. 0. Box 543                                   San Pedro, Calif., Terminal Island, Calif.
Calexico, Calif., Heffernan and 1st Sts.               Santa Ana, Calif., Post Office Bldg., 6th and Bush
El Centro, Calif., 111 North Imperial Ave.               Sts.
San Bernardino, Calif., Post Office Bldg., 5th and San Ysidro, Calif.,
                                                                           Tijuana Blvd. at borderline.
  D Sts.                                               Tecate, Calif.
San Diego, Calif., Third Floor, U. S. Customhouse Ventura, Calif.,
                                                                      121 North Fir St., P. O. Box 419.
  and Courthouse Bldg.
San Luis, Ariz.

                    DISTRICT 17: Ala Moana Blvd., P. 0. Box 461, Honolulu 9, T.

   THE BOARD OF IMMIGRATION APPEALS.-The Board is a quasi-judicial
body established in the Office of the Attorney General. The
jurisdiction to review on appeal the orders entered by, or Board has
                                                                under the
general direction of, the Commissioner of Immigration
ization in cases of, or relating to, applications for admission, Natural-
tation cases, and in cases of fines and penalties imposed on in depor-

companies or other carriers for violation of the immigration laws.
It also has jurisdiction to consider and determine such cases which
are not appealed but which the Commissioner certifies to it for final
                                               TOM C. CLARK
                                                  Attorney General
                             Post Office Department'
                        Twelfth Street and Pennsylvania Avenue NW.
                                 STerling 3100, Branch 505

                              OFFICE OF THE POSTMASTER GENERAL
 Postmaster General -______
                      ____                              JESSE M. DONALDSON
 Executive Assistant to the Postmaster General__-_    _ (VACANCY)
 Special Assistant to the Postmaster General_____       HAROLD F. AMBROSE
 Special Assistant to the Postmaster General__          WILLIAM B. ALLEN
 Director of Budget and Administrative Planning -    _ (VACANCY)
 Commissioner of the Budget -       _____
 Commissioner of Administrative Planning - - __- --- ALFER B. STROM
                                                    _ MAURICE B. FEIMSTER
 Chief Clerk and Director of Personnel _
                                                        EDGAR B. JACKSON
 Assistant Chief Clerk and Assistant Director of Per-
   sonnelo----------------------------                              - HAROLD W. BRESNAHAN
 Solicitor     _-__________________                                   FRANK J. DELANY
 Associate Solicitor___         _ ------------                       Roy C. FRANK
 Associate Solicitor (Transportation)-_- - - ::---
                                                                _    AR-NE C. WIPAUD
                                HEADS OF BUREAUS AND OFFICES
First Assistant Postmaster General -VINCENT
Second Assistant Postmaster General -_--.'---                 C. BURKE
Third Assistant Postmaster General and Agent of the- PAUL AIKEN
  Board, Postal Savings System                       JOSEPH J. LAWLER
Fourth Assistant Postmaster General -_______     -_WALTER MYERS
Comptroller ------                                   JOHN W. ASKEW
Chief Inspector -     -----------                    JAE J.. DORANSK
 Purchasing Agent           -----------------------------            HARRISON PARAN
              NOTE.-The separate statement of organization
           Office Department submitted pursuant to section 3 of the Post
           the Administrative Procedure Act appears at 13 F. R. (1) of
           For amendments see Federal Register indexes.
   CREATION AND AUTHORITY.-The Post Office Department
an executive department by the act of June 8, 1872 (17 Stat. became
U. S. C. 361), although it had been known as a department         283- 5
years. The Postmaster General had been a member of the         for many
Cabinet since 1829, when he entered it upon the invitation of
Andrew Jackson.                                                President
  The Articles of Confederation, formulated in 1777,
quently adopted, provided for "the sole and exclusive right and subse-
of . . . establishing and regulating post offices from
                                                              and power
                                                         one State to
another . . . and exacting such postage on the papers
                                                      passing through
the same as may be requisite to defray the expenses
office . . ." (Art. IX).
                                                            of the said
   Following the final adoption of the Constitution in March
the post office was temporarily established by the act of
22, 1789 (1 Stat. 70), which also created the Office of the  September
General. The Postal Service so provided under the ordinance Postmaster
October 18, 1782, and subsequent resolutions and ordinances,          of
temporarily continued by the act of August 4, 1790 (1 Stat.          was
the act of March 3, 1791 (1 Stat. 218). The act of February   178), and
                                                                20. 1792
(1 Stat. 234), was the first to provide in detail for the
                                                             Post Office
 Organization chart on page 585.

Department and the Postal Service generally. Acts of May 8,
(1 Stat. 354), March 2, 1799 (1 Stat.  733), April 30, 1810 (2 Stat. 593),
March 3, 1825 (4 Stat. 102), and other subsequent legislation enlarged
the duties of the Department, strengthened and unified its organiza-
tion, and provided rules and regulations for the development of
Postal System of the United States.                                    was
    PURPOSE.-While the original purpose of the Postal System let-
to provide "the best means of establishing       posts for conveying
ters and intelligence through this continent" (Journals of the Con-    was
tinental Congress, May 27, 1775), the Post Office Department
 ultimately   enlarged to include several services. Among the more
 important developments of the Postal Service, in the order of
 establishment   or authorization, were postage stamps, 1847; registered
 mail, 1855; railway mail service, 1862; city delivery service, 1863;
 postal money orders, 1864; foreign money orders, 1867; special
 ery, 1885; rural delivery, 1896;  postal savings, 1911; village delivery,
 1912; parcel post, including insurance and collect-on-delivery service,
 1913; and air mail, 1918.
     Benjamin Franklin, who was appointed postmaster at Philadelphia
 in 1737 and Co-Deputy Postmaster General of the British Colonies      first
 in North America in 1753, and who on July 26, 1775, became the
 Postmaster General under the      Continental Congress, is credited by
 historians with having laid much of the foundation for the develop-
  ment of the present United States Postal System. The Constitution
  of the United States, Article I, section 8, provided that "the Congress
  shall have Power . . . To establish Post Offices and post Roads."
     Samuel Osgood was the first Postmaster General under the Con-     time
  stitution, having been appointed September 26, 1789, at which
  there were 75 post offices. From that small beginning the Postal        in
  Service has been developed into what is now the largest business
  the world. During the fiscal year 1948 it employed approximately
  500,000 workers and had an annual pay roll in excess of 1.2 billion    bil-
  dollars. During 1948 the Postal Service handled more than 18
  lion dollars and had    gross receipts in excess of 1.4 billion dollars.
  There are approximately 41,700 post offices in the United States. and
     The Department comprises the following offices, bureaus,
 Office of the Postmaster General            Bureau of the Second Assistant Post-
 Office of Budget and Administrative          master General:
   Planning                                      Office of the Under Second Assist-
 Office of the Chief Clerk and Director            ant Postmaster General
    of Personnel                                 Division of Air Postal Transport
 Bureau of the First Assistant Post-             Division of International Postal
         master General:                           Service
       Division of Budget and Administra-        Division of Surface Postal Trans-
         tive Services                             port
      Division of Post Office Clerical Serv-     Division of Administrative Services
        ice                                 Bureau of the Third Assistant Post-
      Division of City Delivery Service          master General:
      Division of Post Office Personnel        Division of Administrative Serv-
      Division of Postmasters                     ices, Parcel Post and Budget
      Division of Rural Delivery Service        Division of Postal Finance
                         POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT                              209
 Bureau of the Third Assistant Post- Bureau of the Fourth Assistant Post-
       master General-Continued                 master General-Continued
     Division of Postal Savings Banking       Division of Equipment and Supplies
       and Investments     dDivision                     of Mail Equipment Shops
     Division of LMoey Orders cellDivision                of Engineering and Re-
     Division of Letter and Miscellane-         search
       ous Mail                               ^
     Division of Newspaper and Period-       Division of Post Office Quarters
       ical Mail                             Division of Topography
     Division of Stamps and Philately        Division of Traffic
    Division of Registered, Insured, Bureau of Accounts:
       and C. 0. D. Mail                      Office of the Special Administrative
 Bureau of the Fourth Assistant Post-           Aide
  master General:                            Division of Accounts
    Headquarters Office                      Division of Cost Ascertainment
    Division of Motor Vehicle Service   Bureau of the Chief Inspector
    Division of Federal Building Op- Office of the Solicitor
      erations                          Office of the Purchasing Agent

                    Office of the Postmaster General
    The Postmaster General superintends the business of the Depart-
 ment and executes all laws relative to the Postal Service. Subject to
 the approval of the President, he negotiates postal treaties with
 foreign governments. He is the executive head of the Postal Savings
 System and ex officio chairman of the board of trustees.
   APPOINTMENTS.-With the exception of the four Assistant Post-
masters General, the Purchasing Agent, the Comptroller, and post-
masters of the first, second, and third classes, all of whom are
Presidential appointees, the Postmaster General appoints all officers
and employees of the Post Office Department and Postal Service. It
is also the duty of the Postmaster General to appoint postmasters at
offices of the fourth class, and to submit to the President for nomina-
tion by him the names of candidates for postmaster at offices of the
first, second, and third classes.

           Office of Budget and Administrative Planning
  This Office, under the immediate direction of the Postmaster
General, is charged with the budgeting and planning activities of the
Post Office Department. The several bureaus and offices of the Post
Office Department deal with this Office on all budgetary accounting
matters, on new activities and procedures, and on proposed changes in
operating management procedures in the Postal Establishment.

        Office of the Chief Clerk and Director of Personnel
   The Chief Clerk and Director of Personnel is charged with the re-
sponsibility for personnel administration and the management func-
tions of the Department. He coordinates and exercises control over
position classification, recruitment, selection, placement, training, pro-
motions, discipline, efficiency ratings, employee relations, health and
safety, and other personnel matters. He is chairman of the Board

of Appeals for the hearing of employee grievances throughout the
Postal Establishment and is also chairman of the Loyalty Board of
the Postal Establishment. He represents the Department in its re-
lations with the Civil Service Commission, the Federal Personnel
Council, and with other agencies where personnel functions are
   The Chief Clerk and Director of Personnel is also charged with
the administrative management and control of activities and operat-
ing services at the departmental level, including the printing and
binding required in the Department and field service; the receipt and
 inspection of supplies for the Department and field service delivered
 in Washington; the care and maintenance of public property located
 in the Department building; the preparation. and certification of pay
 rolls; the compilation, publication, and distribution of the Official
 Postal Guide and other postal publications; the preparation of esti-
 mates for appropriations covering contingent expenses, travel
 penses of the Postmaster General and Assistant Postmasters General.,
 and salaries, Office of the Postmaster General; the custody of the jour-
 nals, order books, correspondence, and files. The Chief Clerk and
 Director of Personnel is the security officer, the clearance officer, and
 the surplus property officer for the departmental and the field service.
                     The Postmaster General's Staff

    The Postmaster General's Staff consists of the First Assistant Post-
 master General (Chairman), Second, Third, and Fourth Assistant
 Postmasters General, Executive Assistant to the Postmaster General,
 Chief Inspector, Chief Clerk and Director of Personnel, the Comp-
 troller, the Director of Budget and Administrative Planning. The
 Staff is charged with the following functions: to coordinate the
 tivities of the several bureaus and offices of the Postal Establishment;
 to consider and recommend to the Postmaster General any action to be
 taken (a) for the more effective handling of postal business, (b) on all
 requests for performance of any non-postal service, (c) on orders issued
 by other governmental agencies which affect the Postal Establishment;
  and to consider and approve the issuance of all orders, regulations, and
  instructions for conduct of the Postal Establishment. It is charged
  with the responsibility for coordinating the activities of the Depart-
  ment in meeting wartime emergencies and for considering and recom-
  mending to the Postmaster General action to be taken on all requests
  for cooperation of the Postal Establishment in activities resulting
  from a state of war. It also performs such other functions as the
  Postmaster General directs.
          Bureau of the First Assistant Postmaster General
   The First Assistant Postmaster General is charged with the duty
 of handling for the Postmaster General all matters relating to the
 establishment, discontinuance, and changes of names of post offices,
 classified and contract stations and branches, and rural stations; the
 changes of sites of offices of the fourth class; the selection and prepa-
                         POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT                          211
  ration for nomination of postmasters at post offices of the
                                                                first, second,
  and third classes, and the appointment of postmasters
  fourth class; the bonding and commissioning of postmasters;at offices of the
  designation of Army mail clerks and assistant Army                       the
  general management of post offices, and the instructionclerks; the
  masters in regard to all functions of the bureau; the authorizationof post-
  allowances for clerk and city and village carrier hire,                   of
  bicycle hire, and other expenses connected with post         car fare and
                                                           offices; the con-
  duct of the city delivery, village delivery, rural delivery,
  delivery services; the treatment of all unmailable and         and special
  mail matter; the preparation of budget estimates; and       undeliverable
  disbursement of the appropriations for the Bureau control and
                                                               of the First
    The three Deputies First Assistant Postmaster General,
                                                                     of equal
 rank, assist the First Assistant Postmaster General
                                                            in the general
 supervision and administration of the affairs of the Bureau
 the absence of the First Assistant Postmaster General.           and act in
 sion is responsible for the development of all budget programs      divi-
 to provide adequate funds for the postal operations under       designed
 tion of the Bureau and to maintain necessary accounting the jurisdic-
                                                            procedures to
 control disbursements and reflect the status of appropriations.
 division prepares all budget estimates and coordinates              This
 budget affairs with those of the Department's Commissioner the Bureau's
 Budget.                                                           of the
jurisdiction over the organization and management and division has
of hours of service of post offices of the first, second,   maintenance
                                                          and third class
including the fixing of the number of employees and granting
allowances to cover clerical services.                         necessary
                                                   division is
sible for the establishment and maintenance of city, special, respon-
and parcel post delivery service including collection service.
division grants all allowances incident to such services          This
                                                         and fixes the
number of employees involved in such services.
                                                       is charged
with the proper execution of all personnel transactions
under the jurisdiction of the First Assistant Postmaster of employees
                                                        General except
postmasters and employees in the Rural Delivery Service.
                                                 charged          with the
preparation of cases for the establishment, change of
                                                            name, and dis-
continuance of post offices; the selection and preparation
tion of postmasters at post offices of the first, second, and for nomina-
the appointment of postmasters at offices of the fourth      third classes;
keeping of the record of the appointment of postmasters; class; the
ing, recording, and filing of bonds and oaths of office and the obtain-
postmasters' commissions; the consideration of charges and issuance of
against postmasters; all service matters in connection with complaints
post offices; and the regulation of hours of business and
sites of post offices of the fourth class.                     changes of

                                                             is respon-
sible for the establishment and maintenance of Rural Delivery Service,
                                                           thereto and
including the granting of necessary allowances incident
the control of personnel transactions in connection
        Bureau of the Second Assistant Postmaster General
                                                                   the re-
   The Second Assistant Postmaster General is charged with
sponsibility and authority for administering       all matters relating to
                                                               by any and
the transportation of the domestic and international mails distribution
all media of transportation, routing      of such mails and
                                                               and super-
thereof, management of the international postal service,
vision of the personnel, accounting, budgetary,     and other administra-
tive services of the postal transportation bureau.                    with
   The Under Second Assistant Postmaster General is charged the
the coordination     and general supervision of the activities of
bureau, aiding and assisting in the formulation of plans and
 and acting   as head of the bureau during absences of the Second As-
 sistant Postmaster General.
                                                              GENERAL IN
                                                              routes, mail
 all operations in postal transport by railroads, star
 messengers, highway post      offices, and other surface means, and for
 postal personnel employed therein.                           GENERAL IN
 CHARGE OF AIR POSTAL TRANSPORT.-This office has supervision It
 all domestic and foreign   air mail routes flying the American Flag.
                                                             proposed new
 is responsible for research and analysis with respect to
 air services, and for the maintenance, development, improvement, and
 expansion of transportation of mail by air.
                                                     GENERAL IN
                                                           with foreign
 for establishment and maintenance of postal relations steamship in
 postal administrations, the exchange of mails by           and formal
 international service, and the preparation of agreements
 conventions covering all phases of international postal operations.     IN
                          SECOND ASSISTANT POSTMASTER         GENERAL
                                                has charge of all
 bureau budgets and accounting, improvements in systems and pro-
 cedures, verification and audit of all transport accounts,
                                                         of appro-
 of accounting records, and preparation and presentation
 priation estimates.

         Bureau of the Third Assistant Postmaster General
    The Third Assistant Postmaster General has general supervision
  over all the financial operations and revenues of the Postal Savings
  administration   of the entire money order system; the Postal
                                                                O. D. mail
  system and banking; the domestic registered, insured and C.
  service; the rating  and classification of all domestic mail matter; the
  procurement, distribution and accounting for stamped paper; the
  admissibility of publications   to the second class of mail matter;
                       POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT                         213
 investigation of methods to improve the parcel post; the supervision
 of the use of penalty, franked and other free domestic mail.
    There are three Deputies Third Assistant Postmaster General, of
 equal rank, who are assistants to the Third Assistant Postmaster
    The activities of the Bureau are administered through the eight
 following divisions:
The Division of Administrative Services, Parcel Post and Budget is
charged with administrative services, new systems and procedures,
miscellaneous matters involving varied functions of the Bureau;
methods designed to improve the parcel post service; and appropria-
tions under the jurisdiction of the Bureau.
   DivisioN OF POSTAL FINANCE.-The Division of Postal Finance is
charged with gathering and distributing funds derived from the collec-
tion of revenues of the Postal Service.
   DIVISION oi MONEY ORDERS.-The Division of Money Orders super-
vises and manages the entire money order system, domestic and inter-
national, the postal note service, and prepares conventions for the
exchange of money orders with foreign countries.
vision of Postal Savings Banking and Investments supervises and
manages the entire Postal Savings System; also supervises the sale of
United States savings bonds and savings stamps at post offices, ac-
counting to the Treasury Department for the proceeds.
  of Registered, Insured and C. O. D. Mail supervises the management
 of the domestic registered, insured, and collect-on-delivery services,
 and considers claims for the loss and damage of such mail.
 Letter and Miscellaneous Mail has general supervision over all mat-
 ters relating to the classification of domestic mail, other than that of
 the second-class, rates of postage, limits of weight and size, and the
 addressing, forwarding, and return of such mail; nonmetered and
 other permit mail; penalty envelopes, franking, and other free mail
privileges; and acceptance of mail for armed forces.
    DIVISION OF STAMPS AND PHILATELY.-The Division of Stamps and
Philately supervises, through the proper Government agencies, the
manufacture of all postage-stamp paper, Federal migratory-bird
hunting stamps, postal cards, and stamped envelopes; determines their
distribution; and supervises the accounting therefor. It also has
supervision of the distribution of, and the accounting for, docu-
mentary internal revenue stamps and the distribution of savings
stamps sold through post offices.
Newspaper and Periodical Mail determines the admissibility of pub-
lications to the second class of mail matter, the right to continue in
that class, rates of postage thereon, and supervises the collection of
and accounting for such postage; administers the law requiring an-
nual statements of ownership, circulation, etc.

          Bureau of the Fourth Assistant Postmaster General
                                                                  the other
     The Fourth Assistant Postmaster General, in addition to the Post-
duties outlined, is charged      with the duty of representing
master General on the Joint Departmental Committee, and adminis-
tering the details of public building programs authorized by Congress
outside of the District of Columbia.
     The administration of the Bureau is handled by one Under Fourth
Assistant Postmaster General who is assistant to the Fourth Assistant      in
Postmaster General, and a Special Administrative Aide who acts
an advisory capacity, budgetary control officer, and personnel officer
for the Bureau..
     The activities of the Bureau are administered through the eight
 following divisions:
 with all matters relative to planning of postal activities in new
 remodeled Federal buildings, design and layout of special engineering
 equipment for such buildings, all matters relating to                    the
 problems bearing on the Postal Service, and consideration of
 practicability of    devices and inventions intended for use in the Postal
     DIVISION OF POST OFFICE QUARTERS.-This Division is charged with
 the selection, equipping, and leasing of quarters for post officesand
  the first,    second, and third classes, also classified stations
  branches, when quarters are not provided in Federal buildings,quar-
  garages;    preliminary operations in the selection and leasing of
  ters for railway mail terminals; and fixing of allowances for and
  heat,   light, power, and water at Presidential offices and stations
  branches thereof.
      DIVISION OF MOTOR VEHICLE SERVICE.-Functions of this Division
  are the authorization, operation, and maintenance of Government-         for
  owned motor-vehicle service, including the personnel employed
   such service; fixing   of allowances to postmasters for rent, heat, light,
  power, water, and telephones for this service; examination of reports
   relating to the motor-vehicle service; supervision of the transporta-
   tion of mails in cities by screen wagon and pneumatic tube service,
   and the fixing of allowances to postmasters for the hire of vehicles
   used in the delivery and collection service.
      DIVISION OF TOPOGRAPHY.-This Division is responsible for the
   preparation, revision, printing, and distribution of post-routeas the
   maps and      rural-delivery county and local maps, as well
   compilation of air mail maps.
      DIVISION OF TRAFFIC.-This Division has charge of all matters
    relating to the shipment of material and supplies for the Post Office   the
   Department and the Postal Service, and for expenses incurred in
    transfer of household goods and effects   of certain postal employees.
       DIVISION OF EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES.-This Division is charged
    with the furnishing of blanks, blank books, twine, facing slips, can-
    celling ink, stationery items, firearms, supplies for the Postal Savings
    System, blank money order forms, the furnishing and maintenance
    of adding, cancelling, and duplicating machines, typewriters, scales,
                        POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT                        215
printing equipment, steel and rubber stamps, baskets for the field
Postal Service, lock boxes, furniture, and mail handling equipment
for post offices in leased and rented quarters, street letter box equip-
ment, carriers' satchels and straps, miscellaneous mechanical appli-
ances, and motor trucks including supplies and equipment therefor.
charged with the administration and operation of Government-owned
post office buildings, the appointment and discipline of personnel
engaged in their operation and maintenance, the purchase and distri-
bution of cleaning and operating supplies and equipment, the as-
signment of space and the granting of privileges and the procurement
and distribution of furniture and floor coverings.
   DivisioN OF MAIL EQUIPMENT SHoPS.-This Division is charged
with the manufacture of mail sacks, pouches, locks and keys, includ-
ing their repair, distribution of letter-box locks, mail keys, and key
                         Bureau of Accounts
     The Bureau of Accounts, under the supervision of the Comptroller
  of the Post Office Department, was established by the Budget and Ac-
  counting Act of 1921 (42 Stat. 20; 31 U. S. C. 45). The Comptroller
  is charged with the administrative examination of all postal, money
  order, and postal note accounts of postmasters at direct and central
  accounting offices and the accounts of foreign administrations; the pre-
 scribing and supervising the administrative examination of district
 office accounts at central accounting offices; the administrative exami-
 nation of the accounts and conducting of physical audits of the cash
 and accountability of the Philatelic Agent and the Superintendent,
 Division of Postal Finances; the instructing of postmasters relative to
 the maintenance of financial records and the preparation and rendition
 of their accounts; the supervising of the quarterly counts of penalty
 mail and determining the quantity of penalty matter procured by and
 on hand at the end of each fiscal year in each department, agency, or
 organization of the Government and the cost of handling such mail;
 the work of ascertaining the revenues derived from and the cost of
 carrying and handling the several classes of mail matter and of per-
 forming the special postal and nonpostal services; the keeping of ad-
ministrative appropriation and cost accounts; the maintenance of
control accounts of appropriations, apportionments, allotments,
obligations, revenues, receipts, and expenditures; the maintenance of
records of gross postal receipts, by calendar years, of post offices; the
compilation of statistical reports, monthly operating statements, and
other financial data for the information of the Postmaster General and
other officers of the Post Office Department; the ascertainment of the
facts and the preparation of certifications relating to proposed com-
promise of liabilities to the Department under section 18.52 of the
Postal Laws and Regulations (5 U. S. C. 383-384) ; the general super-
vision of the administration of the Retirement Act; and the conducting
of surveys and research necessary to the development of improved cost
accounting and control procedures and the formulation of policies with
respect to the financial accounting and statistical systems of the Postal

                    Bureau of the Chief Inspector
   The Chief Inspector is charged with the duty of keeping the Post-
                                                             condition and
master General and his assistants advised as to the audit, and in-
needs of the entire Postal       Service: the inspection,
ventory of finances, valuables, equipment, supplies and property,
the examination of procedures        relating thereto in every bureau or
agency of the Postal Establishment in Washington and in the the
and the certification of the results     to the Postmaster General or
Assistant Postmaster General in charge of the unit inspected.
   He is charged with the selection, government, and assignment       clerks
duty of post office inspectors in charge, post office inspectors and
at division headquarters and field domiciles of post office inspectors. gen-
He authorizes and directs all investigations by inspectors and
erally supervises the   business of the post office inspection service.
   The Chief Inspector has jurisdiction in all matters relating tolossesdep-
redations upon    the mails, both domestic and international, and
therein; reported violations of the postal laws such as the alleged
of the mails in schemes     to defraud and in the promotion of lotteries;
 violations of the private express statutes (Government monopoly
 the transportation   of letter mail) ; mailing of explosives, poisons, fire-
 arms, intoxicants, and of letters of extortion containing threats
 injure  the reputation of any person, or to accuse him of a crime;
 forgery of money orders and postal-savings certificates; mailing
 obscene, scurrilous,   and other matter prohibited transmission in the
 mails, and complaints of the interception of and tampering with
 mails.   He supervises the development of evidence and the preparation
 for prosecution of criminal offenses arising in connection with
 operation  of the Postal Service. He considers claims for payment
 of rewards for the detection, arrest, and conviction of post officeHe is
 glars robbers, highway mail robbers, and mailers of bombs.received
 charged with the custody of money and property collected or
 by inspectors, and with the restoration thereof to the United
 or to the public, as their interests  shall appear.
                          Office of the Solicitor
   The Solicitor is charged with the duty of giving opinions to
 Postmaster General and heads of the several offices in the Department
 upon questions of law arising in the course of business of the
   LEGISLATION.-The Solicitor is the legislative official
                                                           for the Post
 Office Department and the representative of the Postmaster General at
 congressional hearings or conferences with the Bureau of the Budget  to
 on proposed legislation. He drafts legislation to be presented
 Congress by the Department.      He also drafts all reports on legis-
 lation requested by the Congress or the Bureau of the Budget.     hears
 and considers cases arising under the Postal Fraud, Lottery,mail-
 Fictitious statutes, and considers all questions relating to the extor-
 ability of alleged indecent, obscene, scurrilous, defamatory,
 tionate, or subversive matter.
                       POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT                         217
    TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL.-The Solicitor prepares and presents the
 Department's cases before the Interstate Commerce Commission and
 the Civil Aeronautics Board as the representative of the Postmaster
 General, in proceedings for the fixing of rates of pay for the transpor-
 tation of mail, and other matters of petition to these regulatory bodies.
   SECURITIES FOR POSTAL SAVINGS.-The Solicitor determines the legal
 acceptability of securities offered by banks to secure postal-savings
 siders, makes recommendations on, and submits to the Postmaster
 General all personal or property-damage claims arising in the course
 of the Department's operations, and claims filed by postmasters for
 losses by fire, burglary, or other unavoidable casualty.
    CASES AFFECTING POSTAL SERVICE.-The Solicitor is charged with
 the duty of assisting in the conduct of litigation affecting the Postal
    CONTRACTS OF THE DEPARTMENT.-Contracts of the Department are
 examined and, when necessary, drafted by the Solicitor.
    DETERMINATION OF OWNERSHIP OF MAIL.-All questions regarding
 the delivery of mail of which the ownership is in dispute are deter-
 mined by the Solicitor.
   EXECUTIVE CLEMENCY.-The Solicitor considers applications for
 Executive clemency for crimes committed against the postal laws which
may be referred to the Department.
   PRIVATE EXPRESS.--The Solicitor is charged with the handling of
cases arising from the application of the Private Express statutes
 (Government monopoly of carrying letters).
   POSTAL LAWS AND REGULATIONS.-The Solicitor handles the receipt
of suggestions for changes in the Postal Laws and Regulations, edits
all proposed amendments, and sees that such amendments are made
in accordance with legislation.
  ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE ACT.-The Solicitor is charged with
the determination of all questions of the Department arising under
the Administrative Procedure Act, and with the preparation of mate-
rial for publication in the FederalRegister.
The Solicitor is charged with the issuance of regulations governing the
admission of attorneys to practice before the Department, and with
the hearing and determination of cases in disbarment proceedings.

                   Office of the Purchasing Agent
   The Purchasing Agent is assigned, under the direction and control
of the Postmaster General, the supervision of the purchase of all
supplies; and all purchases of equipment, materials, and supplies of
every nature and character, whether under contract or not, either for
the Post Office Department proper or for any branch of the Postal
Service are made by the Purchasing Agent (5 U. S. C. 366). The
Purchasing Agent is also charged with the procurement of all en-
velopes for the executive departments, .Government bureaus and estab-
lishments and the branches of the service coming under their jurisdic-
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