Information technology

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        <p><strong>Information technology:</strong>The field of
engineering involving computer-based hardware and software systems, and
communication systems, to enable the acquisition, representation,
storage, transmission, and use of information. Successful implementation
of information technology (IT) is dependent upon being able to cope with
the overall architecture of systems, their interfaces with humans and
organizations, and their relationships with external environments. It is
also critically dependent on the ability to successfully convert
information into knowledge.</p>
<p>Information technology is concerned with improvements in a variety of
human and organizational problem-solving endeavors through the design,
development, and use of technologically based systems and processes that
enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of information in a variety of
strategic, tactical, and operational situations. Ideally, this is
accomplished through critical attention to the information needs of
humans in problem-solving tasks and in the provision of technological
aids, including electronic communication and computer-based systems of
hardware and software and associated processes. Information technology
complements and enhances traditional engineering through emphasis on the
information basis for engineering.</p>
<p>The knowledge and skills required in information technology come from
the applied engineering sciences, especially information, computer, and
systems engineering sciences, and from professional practice.
Professional activities in information technology and in the acquisition
of information technology systems range from requirements definition or
specification, to conceptual and functional design and development of
communication and computer-based systems for information support. They
are concerned with such topics as architectural definition and
evaluation. These activities include integration of new systems into
functionally operational existing systems and maintenance of the result
as user needs change over time. This human interaction with systems and
processes, and the associated information processing activities, may take
several diverse forms.</p>
<p><strong>Advantages of Information Technology:</strong> The advantages
of information technology are many. True globalization has come about
only via this automated system. The creation of one interdependent system
helps us to share information and end linguistic barriers across the
continents. The collapse of geographic boundaries has made the world a
'global village'. The technology has not only made communication cheaper,
but also possible much quicker and 24x7. The wonders of text messages,
email and auto-response, backed by computer security applications, have
opened up scope for direct
communication. <br><br>Computerized, internet business processes have
made many businesses turn to the Internet for increased productivity,
greater profitability, clutter free working conditions and global
clientèle. It is mainly due to the IT industry that people from diverse
cultures are able to personally communicate and exchange valuable ideas.
This has greatly reduced prejudice and increased sensitivity. Businesses
are able to operate 24x7, even from remote
locations. <br><br>Information technology has rippled on in the form of
a Communication Revolution. Specialists in this field like programmers,
analyzers and developers are able to further the applications and improve
business processes simultaneously. The management infrastructure thus
generated defies all boundaries. Among the many advantages of the
industry are technical support post-implementation, network and
individual desktop management, dedicated business applications and
strategic planning for enhanced profitability and effective project
management. <br><br>IT provides a number of low-cost business options to
tap higher productivity with dedicated small business CRM and a special
category for the larger operations. Regular upgrades have enabled many
businessmen to increase productivity and identify a market niche that
would never have been possible without the connectivity. With every
subsequent increase in the ROI or Return On Investment, businesses are
able to remain buoyant even amidst the economic recession. Not only do
people connect faster with the help of information technology, but they
are also able to identify like-minded individuals and extend help, while
strengthening ties. <br><br>This segment revolves around automated
processes that require little or no human intervention at all. This in
turn has minimized job stress levels at the work place and eliminated
repetition of tasks, loss due to human error, risks involved due to
negligence of timely upgrades and extensive paper-intensive business
applications that result in the accumulation of unnecessary bulk. The
sophistication of the modern work stations and general working conditions
is possible only due to the development of Information Technology.</p>
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