Azad Kashmir has a parliamentary form of Government. The President of Azad Jammu and Kashmir is the
Constitutional Head of the State, while the Prime Minister, supported by a council of Ministers, is the Chief Executive.
Azad Kashmir has its own legislative assembly comprising 41 directly and 8 indirectly elected members, a member each
from Technocrats, Mashaikhs, Overseas Kashmiris and 5 female members. The AJ&K has its institutions of Supreme
Court and High Court.
Area under cultivation is around 192041 hectares, which is almost 13% of the total Geographical area out of which 92%
of the cultivable area is rain-fed. About 86% households have very small land holdings between one to two acres. Major
crops are Maize, Wheat & Rice whereas minor crops are Grams, Pulses (red kidney beans), Vegetables and Oil-seeds.
Major fruits produced in AJK are Apple, Pears, Apricot and Walnuts. Agriculture and livestock income ranges between
30-40% of household earnings. The remaining share comes from other sources including employment, businesses and
remittances received by the families of Kashmiries living abroad working abroad. Reduced agriculture productivity has
adversely affected the traditional lifestyle and per capita income of the rural households.
About 42.6% of the total Geographical area (0.567 million hectares), is controlled by the Forests Department.
The per capita standing volume is 330 Cft and per capita forest area is 0.38 Acre. Annual wood demand is 1.65 million
cubic meters and sustainable production is 1.94 million cubic meters. The local communities have traditional rights in terms
of use of the forests and on an average three trees are burnt by one household every year for the fuel-wood requirements
in the absence of alternate sources. Similarly about 5 trees on average are required to construct a house for which the
wood roofs have to be replaced after every 8-10 years.