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Projectile Motion Presentation - Excel

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Projectile Motion Presentation document sample

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									   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                         Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                               Physics
                    AR Department of Education
SLE Number             CONTENT STANDARD                                      Objective                           Task Analysis                Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                   Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" frameworks are essential components to the science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
integrated with appropriate content at the discretion of the instructor throughout the year.
Strand: Motion and Forces
Standard 1: Students shall understand one-dimensional motion.
MF.1.P.1   Compare and contrast scalar and  Compare and contrast scalar                                 * Identify specific quantities as   scalar
           vector quantities                and vector quantities                                       either scalar or vector             vector
                                                                                                        * Justify reasoning behind          frame of reference
                                                                                                        classification                      resultant
                                                                                                                                            magnitude
MF.1.P.2     Solve problems involving constant              Solve problems involving       * Student can state difference                   velocity
             and average velocity:                          constant and average velocity: between constant and average                     constant velocity
                   d                                              d                        velocity                                         average velocity
             v                                             v                             * Solve problems involving                       instantaneous velocity
                   t                                              t                        constant and average velocity                    displacement
                           d                                       d                     applying the correct formula                     distance
             v ave                                         v ave 
                           t                                       t                     * Design an experiment to                        speed
                                                                                           measure average velocity                         position

MF.1.P.3     Apply kinematic equations to                   Apply kinematic equations to                * Define conditions of constant     acceleration
             calculate distance, time, or velocity          calculate distance, time, or                acceleration                        average acceleration
             under conditions of constant                   velocity under conditions of                * Evaluate and apply the            position
             acceleration:                                  constant acceleration:                      appropriate equation for a given    velocity
                                                                         v                              situation                           instantaneous
               a 
                            v                               a                                                                              acceleration
                                                                                                                                                     Δ
                            t                                            t                                                                  time interval
                       v                                           v                                                                      change ( )
               a ave                                       a ave                                                                          kinematic
                       t                                           t
                x  2 v i  v
                     1
                                          f    t           x  2 v i  v
                                                                  1
                                                                                         f    t
               v   f        vi  at                       v   f        vi  at
               x  vit                 a  t           x  vit                   a  t 
                                      1              2                              1               2
                                      2                                             2

               v2      f     v i2  2 a  x                v2      f     v i2  2 a  x



   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                                         Page 1 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                           Objective                         Task Analysis                Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" frameworks are essential graphic
MF.1.P.4                                                                       Given 3 education of the axes
           Compare graphic representations of Compare components to the*sciencedata sets, createall students. Additionally, they should be
           motion:                                            of motion:
                                              representations the instructor appropriate graph, for the given coordinate system
integrated with appropriate content at the discretion of                      throughout the year.
           d-t                                d-t                            data set                          horizontal
           v-t                                v-t                            * Create d-t, v-t, and a-t graphs vertical
           a-t                                a-t                            given a single set of data        origin
                                                                             * Given a pregenerated graph, independent variable
                                                                             construct the remaining graphs. dependant variable
                                                                                                               scale

MF.1.P.5     Calculate the components of a free Calculate the components of a * State the conditions of "free-                free-fall
             falling object at various points in      free falling object at various     fall"                                force of gravity
             motion:                                  points in motion:                  * Calculate an unknown               acceleration due to
                                                                                         variable, given a scenario           gravity
             v f  vi  2ay
               2      2
                                                      v f  vi  2ay
                                                        2     2
                                                                                         * Evaluate the problem solving
             Where a  gravity ( g )                  Where a  gravity ( g )            process given a completed
                                                                                         example
MF.1.P.6     Compare and contrast contact force Compare and contrast contact * Define and give examples of                    force
             (e.g., friction) and field forces (e.g., force (e.g., friction) and field   contact forces                       contact force
             gravitational force)                     forces (e.g., gravitational force) * Define and give examples of        field force
                                                                                         field forces
                                                                                         * Predict if given force will be a
                                                                                         contact or field force
MF.1.P.7     Draw free body diagrams of all           Draw free body diagrams of all * Given a free body diagram,      force
             forces acting upon an object             forces acting upon an object   label the forces.                 free-body diagram
                                                                                     * Construct a coordinate system net force
                                                                                     for a free body diagram
                                                                                     * Identify and analyze the forces
                                                                                     acting on an object
                                                                                     * Construct a free body diagram
                                                                                     for a given situation

MF.1.P.8     Calculate the applied forces       Calculate the net force in either * Given a labeled free body                 applied force
             represented in a free body diagram the horizontal and/or vertical    diagram, determine the net
                                                direction                         force in either the horizontal or
                                                                                  vertical direction




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                           Page 2 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                         Objective                      Task Analysis                  Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
           Apply Newton’s frameworks are Apply Newton’s first law of
The "Nature of Science" first law of motion toessential components to the*science education law all students. Additionally, they should be
MF.1.P.9                                                                     Define Newton's first of     inertia
                 balanced and content at                                     Categorize balanced and
           show appropriate unbalanced the motion to show balanced and *throughout the year.
integrated with                                discretion of the instructor                               balanced force
           forces                              unbalanced forces            unbalanced forces in terms of unbalanced force
                                                                            net force                     equilibrium
MF.1.P.10    Apply Newton’s second law of            Apply Newton’s second law of     * Define Newton's second law        force
             motion to solve motion problems         motion to solve motion           * Given a scenario, analyze the     mass
             that involve constant forces:           problems that involve constant   information needed to solve a       acceleration
             F=ma                                    forces:                          problem involving Newton's          acceleration due to
                                                     F=ma                             second law                          gravity
                                                                                                                          weight
                                                                                                                          Newton (unit)
MF.1.P.11    Apply Newton’s third law of motion      Apply Newton’s third law of     * Define Newton's third law          action-reaction pair
             to explain action-reaction pairs        motion to explain action-       * Given a scenario, distinguish      system
                                                     reaction pairs                  between system and                   environment
                                                                                     environment
                                                                                     * For a given force, identify the
                                                                                     reaction force
MF.1.P.12    Calculate frictional forces (i.e.,   Calculate frictional forces (i.e., * Define normal force                normal force
             kinetic and static):                 kinetic and static):               * Differentiate between kinetic
                                                                                               μ        μ                 friction
                      Fk                                  Fk                         and static friction                  coefficient of friction
              k                                  k                               * Identify k and s as a          μ   static friction
                      Fn                                  Fn                         property of surfaces in contact      kinetic friction
                                                                                          μ
                      F                                   F                          * Recognize the magnitude of k       drag force
              s  s                               s  s                            and s for given real- world
                      Fn                                  Fn
                                                                                     problems
                                                                                     * Calculate for an unknown
                                                                                     variable
MF.1.P.13    Calculate the magnitude of the force Calculate the magnitude of the * Depict force of friction and           friction
             of friction:                         force of friction:                 normal force in a free body          magnitude
              F f  Fn                            F f  Fn                         diagram.
                                                                                     * Solve problems involving
                                                                                     magnitude of the force of friction




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                        Page 3 of 36
    This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                   Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                         Physics
                    AR Department of Education
SLE Number             CONTENT STANDARD                           Objective                    Task Analysis              Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                   Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" understand two-dimensional motion.
Standard 2: Students shall frameworks are essential components to the science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
           Calculate the resultant vector at the discretion resultant vector of Given the data for a horizontal components (x and y)
integrated with appropriate content of a Evaluate the of the instructor *throughout the year.
MF.2.P.1
           moving object                         a moving object                and vertical vector graphically   resultant
                                                                                determine the resultant vector    coordinate system
                                                                                                                  vector (head and tail)
MF.2.P.2   Resolve two-dimensional vectors       Resolve two-dimensional        * Given a right triangle, analyze sine
           into their components:                vectors into their components: trigonomic relationships (sine,   cosine
                                                                                cosine, tangent)                  tangent
             d x  d cos 
                                                       d x  d cos             * Given a resultant vector        theta
             d y  d sin                                                       (magnitude and direction),        dimensions
                                                       d y  d sin             calculate its components

MF.2.P.3     Calculate the magnitude and              Calculate the magnitude and      * Identify coordinate axis        magnitude
             direction of a vector from its           direction of a vector from its   * Determine angle                 direction
             components:                              components:                      * Given the data for a horizontal
             d 2  x2  y2                            d 2  x2  y2                    and vertical vector
                                                                                       mathematically determine the
                         x                                        x
             tan -1                                 tan -1                         resultant vector (magnitude and
                         y                                        y                    direction)

MF.2.P.4     Solve two-dimensional problems           Solve two-dimensional          * Define equilibrium for a system weight
             using balanced forces:                   problems using balanced        * Design a free body diagram for tension
             W  T sin                               forces:                        a given scenario                  equilibrium
                                                                                     * Apply the formula to analyze
             Where W  weight ; T  tension           W  T sin                     the tension component of a
                                                      Where W  weight ; T  tension system




    Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                    Page 4 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                          Objective                      Task Analysis                Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" frameworks are essential components to the*science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
MF.2.P.5   Solve two-dimensional problems    * Solve two-dimensional            Given multiple vectors,  Pythagorean Theorem
                 the Pythagorean Theorem the discretion of the
           using appropriate content at or problems using the instructor compute the resultant
integrated with                                                                throughout the year.      quadratic formula
           the quadratic formula:            Pythagorean Theorem;             * Apply the Pythagorean
                                             whereas, a is vector 1, b is     Theorem or the quadratic
                                             vector 2, and c is the resultant formula to two dimensional
             a2  b2  c2                                                     motion problems
                                                       a   2
                                                                b   2
                                                                           c   2

                     b     b 2  4 ac
               x 
                             2a                      * Solve two dimensional
                                                     problems using the quadratic
                                                     formula; whereas ax2 + bx + c
                                                     =0


                                                               b       b 2  4 ac
                                                       x
                                                                         2a

MF.2.P.6     Describe the path of a projectile as    Describe the path of a           * Define parabola and a            parabola
             a parabola                              projectile as a parabola         quadratic equation                 projectile
                                                                                      * Recognize the equation           trajectory
                                                                                      representing the trajectory of a
                                                                                      projectile as quadratic.




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                       Page 5 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                          Objective                       Task Analysis               Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" equations to solve essential components to the*science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
MF.2.P.7   Apply kinematic frameworks are Apply kinematic equations to               Differentiate between the x   kinematics
           problems involving projectile motion solve problems involving           components and y components projectile
integrated with appropriate content at the discretion of the instructor throughout the year.
           of an object launched at an angle: projectile motion of an object       of motion                       acceleration due to
                                                launched at an angle:              * Deduce the role of gravity in gravity
                                                                                   projectile motion through       horizontal
             v x  v i cos   constant                                            experimentation                 vertical
                                                 v x  v i cos   constant
              x  v i cos  t                                                  * Incorporate the function of a
                                                  x  v i cos  t              resultant vector in projectile
             v y , f  v i sin    gt
                                                 v y , f  v i sin    gt      problems
             v y , f  v i sin    2 gy
               2         2          2                                              * Recognize the appropriate
                                                 v y , f  v i2 sin    2 gy
                                                   2                    2
                                                                                   equation to resolve appropriate
              y  v i sin  t  2 g t 
                                              2
                                                                                 2 component of projectile motion
                                                  y  v i sin  t  1 g t  * Apply the correct formula to
                                       1
                                                                           2
                                                                                   solve a projectile motion
                                                                                   problem

MF.2.P.8     Apply kinematic equations to solve      Apply kinematic equations to       * Differentiate between the x     kinematic
             problems involving projectile motion    solve problems involving           components and y components       projectile
             of an object launched with initial      projectile motion of an object     of motion                         acceleration due to
             horizontal velocity                     launched with initial horizontal   * Deduce the role of gravity in   gravity
                                                     velocity                           projectile motion through         horizontal
               v y, f   g t                                                          experimentation
                                                      v y, f   g t                   * Recognize the appropriate
               v y, f  2 g y
                  2
                                                                                        equation to resolve appropriate
                                                      v y, f  2 g y
                                                         2
                                                                                        component of projectile motion
               y               g  t 
                                              2
                                                                         g  t 
                               1
                                                      y                             * Apply the correct formula to
                                                                     1              2
                               2
                                                                     2
                                                                                        solve a projectile motion
                                                                                        problem
               v x  v x , i  constant               v x  v x , i  constant
               x  vxt                             x  vxt




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                       Page 6 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                         Objective                Task Analysis                Essential Vocabulary     Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" frameworks are essential components to the*science education of all students. circular motion they should be
MF.2.P.9   Calculate rotational motion with a   Calculate rotational motion with Define uniform circular motion uniform Additionally,
                                           the discretion of directed             Identify acceleration as
           constant force directed towardat the a constant forcethe instructor *throughout the year.
integrated with appropriate content                                                                             centripetal force
           center:                              toward the center:              perpendicular to velocity
                                                                                * Apply Newton's second law to
                  mv 2                                mv 2
            Fc                                  Fc                            objects in uniform circular
                   r                                    r                       motion


MF.2.P.10    Solve problems in circular motion by Solve problems in circular    * Define uniform circular motion   uniform circular motion
             using centripetal acceleration:      motion by using centripetal   * Identify acceleration as         centripetal acceleration
                                                  acceleration:                 perpendicular to velocity          circumference
                                                                                * Interpret relationship between   period
                              v 2 4 2 r                     v 2 4 2 r
                       ac                           ac       
                                                                                velocity, circumference, and       radius
                               r   T2                         r   T2            period




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                  Page 7 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                         Objective                   Task Analysis                Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" understand the dynamics of rotational equilibrium.
Standard 3: Students shall frameworks are essential components to the science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
                                             discretion of the instructor *throughout the year.
integrated with appropriate content at the Relate radians to degrees:
MF.3.P.1   Relate radians to degrees:                                            Identify the relationship     radians
                                                                               between radians and degrees     degrees
                 s
                                           
                                                  s                           * Compare and contrast          Cartesian coordinates
                  r                                r                           Cartesian coordinates and polar polar coordinates
           Where s  arc length; r  radius Where s  arc length; r  radius coordinates                     arc length
                                                                               * Using the formula, convert    radius
                                                                               between radians and degrees.
MF.3.P.2   Calculate the magnitude of torque Calculate the magnitude of        * Define torque in terms of     torque
           on an object:                     torque on an object:              rotational motion               lever
              Fd sin                      Fd sin                     * Relate length of lever arm to lever arm
                                                                               radius                          applied force
            Where   torque                  Where   torque                 * Relate force, radius, and
                                                                               torque
                                                                               * Explain the relationship
                                                                               between the angle of applied
                                                                               force and torque
                                                                               * Calculate torque on an object
                                                                               from a given data set

MF.3.P.3     Calculate angular speed and             Calculate angular speed and   * Compare and contrast linear      angular speed
             angular acceleration:                   angular acceleration:         quantities of motion and angular   angular acceleration
                                                                                   quantities of motion               linear motion
                                                                  
                     ave                                 ave                   * Calculate angular speed and      angular motion
                              t                                    t             acceleration from a given data
                                                                               set
                                                        
                          t                                   t




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                   Page 8 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                           Objective                   Task Analysis               Essential Vocabulary    Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" using kinematicare essential components to the*science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
MF.3.P.4   Solve problems frameworks            Solve problems using             Compare and contrast linear
                                                                     for
           equations for angular motion: at the kinematic equations instructor kinematics and rotational
integrated with appropriate content             discretion of the               throughout the year.
                                                angular motion:                kinematics
             f   i  t                                                    * Construct a modified t-chart
               i t  2  t                                             depicting the relationship
                                    2
                                                  f   i  t
                           1
                                                                               between linear kinematics and
             2   i2  2  
              f                                     i t  2  t 
                                                                1        2     rotational kinematics
                      
              1  i   f t
                  2
                                                 2   i2  2  
                                                   f
                                                                               * Solve problems using
                                                                               equations from t-chart

                                                         1
                                                            2
                                                                   i     f t

MF.3.P.5     Solve problems involving tangential Solve problems involving            * Define tangential speed        tangential
             speed:                              tangential speed:                   * Relate linear to tangential    tangential speed
             vt  r                                 vt  r                         velocity
                                                                                     * Calculate an unknown quantity
                                                                                     from given data
MF.3.P.6     Solve problems involving tangential Solve problems involving            * Define tangential acceleration tangential acceleration
             acceleration:                       tangential acceleration:            * Relate linear to tangential
             at  r                                 at  r                         acceleration
                                                                                     * Calculate an unknown quantity
                                                                                     from given data

MF.3.P.7     Calculate centripetal acceleration:     Calculate centripetal           * Differentiate between linear   centripetal acceleration
                                                     acceleration:                   and rotational acceleration      uniform circular motion
                                   vt2                                               * Define uniform circular motion perpendicular
                             ac                                  vt2
                                    r                       ac                      * Identify acceleration as
                                                                   r                 perpendicular to velocity
                             a c  r 2                     a c  r 2
                                                                                     * Calculate an unknown quantity
                                                                                     given a data set




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                     Page 9 of 36
    This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                   Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                         Physics
                    AR Department of Education
SLE Number             CONTENT STANDARD                      Objective                   Task Analysis              Essential Vocabulary    Materials/Resources
                   Student Learning Expectations
           Apply Newton’s frameworks              Apply Newton’s universal law
The "Nature of Science" universal law ofare essential components to the*science education of all students. gravity
MF.3.P.8                                                                               Define gravitational force     force of Additionally, they should be
           gravitation to find the gravitational                 to find instructor *throughout the year.
                                                  of gravitationof the the
integrated with appropriate content at the discretion                                  Determine the role of mass in radius
           force between two masses:              gravitational force between two gravitational force                 Newton's law of
                                                  masses:                            * Determine the role of distance universal gravitation
                      m1 m2                                m1 m2                     between masses in gravitational
             Fg  G 2 ,                           Fg  G 2 ,                         force
                        r                                    r
                                                                                   2 * Given astronomical data, solve
                                          N  m 2 Where G  6.673  10 11 N  m problems involving Newton's
             Where G  6.673  10 11                                         kg 2
                                            kg 2                                     universal law of gravitational
                                                                                     force




    Revised 5-09                                                                                                                              Page 10 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                   Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                         Physics
                    AR Department of Education
SLE Number             CONTENT STANDARD                           Objective                      Task Analysis                Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                   Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" understand the relationship between work and energy.
Standard 4: Students shall frameworks are essential components to the science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
integrated with appropriatedone by a at the Calculate netof thedone by a *throughout the year.
MF.4.P.1   Calculate net work content       discretion work instructor Define work                        work
           constant net force:              constant net force:          * Distinguish between distance displacement
                                                                         and displacement                 distance
                Wnet  Fnet d cos            Wnet  Fnet d cos         * Calculate work by applying the net force
                 Where W  worknet
                                                                         appropriate equation
                                                          Where Wnet  work
MF.4.P.2     Solve problems relating kinetic          Solve problems relating kinetic * Define work in terms of energy      energy
             energy and potential energy to the       energy and potential energy to * Distinguish between potential        potential energy
             work-energy theorem:                     the work-energy theorem:        and kinetic energy                    kinetic energy
             Wnet  KE                                                               * Define the Joule in terms of        work-energy theorem
                                                                                      the work-energy theorem               Joule
                                                       Wnet  KE                     * Solve for an unknown from a
                                                                                      given set of data

MF.4.P.3     Solve problems through the               Solve problems through the         * Establish the relationship     mechanical energy
             application of conservation of           application of conservation of     between potential and kinetic    law of conservation of
             mechanical energy:                       mechanical energy:                 energy                           energy
                                                                                         * Define the law of conservation
             ME i  ME f                              ME i  ME f                        of mechanical energy
             1
                 mvi2  mghi  1 mv 2  mgh f         1
                                                          mvi2  mghi  1 mv 2  mgh f   * Solve problems using the
             2                 2    f                 2                 2    f
                                                                                         conservation of mechanical
                                                                                         energy
MF.4.P.4     Relate the concepts of time and          Relate the concepts of time        * Establish relationship between   Power
             energy to power                          and energy to power                mechanical energy and work         time
                                                                                         * Define power as a rate at        work
                                                                                         which work is performed            Watt




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                        Page 11 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                      Objective              Task Analysis         Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" frameworks are essential components thethe*science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
MF.4.P.5   Prove the relationship of time,  Solve problems involving to         Derive the relationship
                                                                   time,
           energy and power through problem relationship betweeninstructor between power, force and
integrated with appropriate content at the discretion of the                   throughout the year.
           solving:                         energy and power.                 velocity from the relationship
                W                                W                            between power, work and time.
           P                               P                                * Calculate power given a set of
                 t                              t
                                                                              data.
           P  Fv                           P  Fv
                                            Where P  power; W  work;
           Where P  power; W  work;
                                            F  force; V  velocity; T  time
             F  force; V  velocity; T  time




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                   Page 12 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                   Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                         Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                             Objective                        Task Analysis                 Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" understand the law of conservation of momentum.
Standard 5: Students shall frameworks are essential components to the science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
           Describe changes in momentum in discretion of the
integrated with appropriate content at the Describe changes ininstructor *throughout the year.
MF.5.P.1                                                                      Research the relationship                         impulse
           terms of force and time           momentum in terms of force     between impulse and                                 momentum
                                             and time                       momentum
                                                                            * Organize information about
                                                                            impulse and momentum
                                                                            graphically
MF.5.P.2   Solve problems using the impulse- Solve problems using the       * Recognize the effect of                           impulse-momentum
           momentum theorem:                 impulse-momentum theorem: impulse on an object                                     theorem
            Ft  p                                                        * Formulate a realistic example
                                              Ft  p                      of impulse in action
            or
                                              or                            * Given impulse, calculate the
            F  t  mv f  mv i               F  t  mv f  mv i           final velocity of a given mass
            Where  p  change in momentum; Where  p  change in momentum;
             F  t  impulse                           F  t  impulse

MF.5.P.3     Compare total momentum of two            Compare total momentum of             * Establish a coordinate system system
             objects before and after they            two objects before and after          * Show that the total momentum environment
             interact:                                they interact:                        of a system is conserved in any interaction
                                                                                            interaction (law of conservation
             m1v1i  m2 v 2i  m1v1 f  m2 v 2 f       m 1 v 1i  m 2 v 2 i                of momentum)
                                                       m 1 v1 f  m 2 v 2 f                 * Predict the effects of an
                                                                                            interaction between objects



MF.5.P.4     Solve problems for perfectly             Solve problems for perfectly          * Differentiate between elastic     elastic collision
             inelastic and elastic collisions:        inelastic and elastic collisions:     and inelastic collisions            inelastic collision
             m1v1i  m2 v 2i  m1  m2 v f
                                                                                            * Describe the flow of energy in    conservation of energy
                                                      m1v1i  m2 v 2i  m1  m2 v f       a collision                         conservation of
             m1v1i  m2 v 2i  m1v1 f  m2 v 2 f      m1v1i  m2 v 2i  m1v1 f  m2 v 2 f
                                                                                            * Mathematically predict the        momentum
                                                                                            effects of an interaction between
             Where v f is the final velocity          Where v f is the final velocity       objects




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                            Page 13 of 36
    This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                   Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                         Physics
                    AR Department of Education
SLE Number             CONTENT STANDARD                          Objective                       Task Analysis               Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                   Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" understand the concepts of components to
Standard 6: Students shall frameworks are essential fluid mechanics. the science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
           Calibrate the applied buoyant at the discretion of the instructor Define buoyancy year.
integrated with appropriate content force Apply Archimedes' Principle in *throughout the in terms of
MF.6.P.1                                                                                                                   buoyancy
           to determine if the object will sink or determining whether an object Archimedes' Principle                     Archimedes principle
           float:                                  will sink or float                  * Mathematically predict if an      density
                                                                                       object will sink or float given a   fluid
            FB  Fg displacedfluid   m f g        FB  Fg displacedfluid   m f g set of objects
                                                                                       * Test your prediction that an
                                                                                       object will sink or float
MF.6.P.2     Apply Pascal’s principle to an           Apply Pascal’s principle to an    * Define pressure in terms of      Pascal's principle
             enclosed fluid system                    enclosed fluid system             Pascal's principle                 area
                   F1 F2                                   F1 F2                        * Formulate a realistic example    pressure
              P                                     P                               of how Pascal's principle is       fluid
                   A1 A2                                   A1 A2                        applied
              Where P  pressure                      Where P  pressure                * Calculate an unknown quantity
                                                                                        for a realistic example

MF.6.P.3     Apply Bernoulli’s equation to solve      Apply Bernoulli’s equation to     * Recognize that an increase in Bernoulli's principle
             fluid-flow problems:                     solve fluid-flow problems:        velocity of a fluid corresponds to density
                                                                                        a decrease in pressure
               p  1 v2  gh  constant               p  1 v2  gh  constant
                                                            2                           * Calculate an unknown for a
                   2

               Where   density                        Where   density               given data set




    Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                      Page 14 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                          Objective                   Task Analysis   Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of the ideal gas law to predictare essential componentspredict *science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
MF.6.P.4   Use Science" frameworks the Use the ideal gas law to to the Define an ideal gas                     ideal gas
                                                                  an instructor Recognize the relationship
           properties of an ideal gas under the the properties ofthe ideal gas *throughout the year.
integrated with appropriate content at          discretion of                                                  mole
           different conditions                 under different conditions     between Boltzmann's constant kelvin
                                                                               and Avogadro's law (kb          gas
            PHYSICS
                                                                               multiplied by Avogadro's number Boltzmann's constant
            PV  Nk bT                           PHYSICS                       gives R)                        Avogadro's number
            N  number of gas particles          PV  Nk bT                    * Apply the appropriate formula temperature
                                                                               given a set of conditions in an
                                                 N  number of gas particles
            k b  Boltzmann' s constant                                        ideal gas
                                                     k b  Boltzmann' s constant
                    (1.38  10 - 23 J/K)
                                                           (1.38  10 - 23 J/K)
             T  temperatur e
                                                     T  temperatur e
             CHEMISTRY
             PV  nRT                                CHEMISTRY
             n  number of moles                     PV  nRT
                                                     n  number of moles
                (1mole  6.022  10 23 particles)
                                                        (1mole  6.022  10 23 particles)
             R  Molar gas constant
                                                     R  Molar gas constant
                (8.31 J/moleK)                          (8.31 J/moleK)
             T  temperatur e                        T  temperatur e




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                      Page 15 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                         Objective                      Task Analysis                Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" frameworks are essential components to the science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
Strand: Heat and Thermodynamics
integrated Students shall understand at effects of thermal energy on particles and systems.
Standard 7: with appropriate content thethe discretion of the instructor throughout the year.
HT.7.P.1     Perform specific heat capacity          Perform specific heat capacity * Define specific heat            specific heat
             calculations:                           calculations:                  * Recognize internal properties heat
                      Q                                        Q                    that affect specific heat         temperature
              Cp                                     Cp                           * Show that the specific heat of
                     m T                                    m T                   a substance is constant for a
                                                     CP - specific heat capacity    state of matter of that substance
                                                     Q - heat energy                * Identify an unknown substance
                                                     m - mass                       through specific heat
                                                     T - temperature                calculations



HT.7.P.2     Perform calculations involving latent Perform calculations involving     * Define latent heat in terms of   latent heat
             heat:                                 latent heat:                       changes in state not changes in    phase (state)
             Q  mL                                  Q  mL                           temperature                        vaporization
                                                                                      * Calculate amount of energy       fusion
                                                                                      needed in various changes of
                                                                                      state (vaporization and fusion)

HT.7.P.3     Interpret the various sections of a     Interpret the various sections   * Define heating curve (Heat vs. heating curve
             heating curve diagram                   of a heating curve diagram       Temperature)
                                                                                      * Interpret a preconstructed
                                                                                      heating curve
                                                                                      * Construct and analyze a
                                                                                      diagram based on a given set of
                                                                                      data




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                     Page 16 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                      Objective              Task Analysis           Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" frameworks are essential components the the*science educationshowing phase (state) change they should be
HT.7.P.4   Calculate heat energy of the             Calculate heat energy of to              Construct a diagram of all students. Additionally,
                                                    discretion of the instructor throughout phase change
           different phase changes of a at the different phase changes of a
integrated with appropriate content                                                        latent heat andthe year.        latent heat
           substance:                               substance:                             * Identify the appropriate      heat
                                                                                           equation for changes in         temperature
           Q  mC p T                              Q  mC p T
                                                                                           temperature and changes in
           Q  mL f                                 Q  mL f                               state
           Q  mLv                                  Q  mLv                                * Calculate the heat energy
           Where L f  Latent heat of fusion;       Where L f  Latent heat of fusion;     added or released to change the
                                                         Lv  Latent heat of vaporizat ion temperature of a given object
                  Lv  Latent heat of vaporizat ion
                                                                                           through more than one phase
                                                                                           change




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                     Page 17 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                            Objective                         Task Analysis                 Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" apply the two laws of thermodynamics.
Standard 8: Students shall frameworks are essential components to the science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
integrated with appropriate content at the Describe how the first law of
HT.8.P.1   Describe how the first law of                                    Paraphrase the year.
                                            discretion of the instructor *throughoutthe first law of        thermodynamics
           thermodynamics is a statement of thermodynamics is a statement thermodynamics including          first law of
           energy conversion                of energy conversion          specific examples of energy       thermodynamics
                                                                          conversion                        energy
HT.8.P.2   Calculate heat, work, and the    Calculate heat, work, and the * Differentiate system from       system
           change in internal energy by     change in internal energy by  environment                       environment
           applying the first law of        applying the first law of     * Establish a sign convention for heat
           thermodynamics:                  thermodynamics:               work done by and on a system work
                                                                          * Calculate heat, work and the internal energy
            U  Q  W                       U  Q  W                   change in internal energy
            Where U  change in system' s Where U  change in system' s
                             internal energy                         internal energy


HT.8.P.3     Calculate the efficiency of a heat      Calculate the efficiency of a         * Define and explain efficiency in   efficiency
             engine by using the second law of       heat engine by using the              terms of the second law of           heat engine
             thermodynamics:                         second law of                         thermodynamics                       second law of
                                                     thermodynamics:                       * Compare and contrast a heat        thermodynamics
                                                                                           engine and a refrigerator            refrigerator
                     Wnet Qh  Qc                            Wnet Qh  Qc
             Eff                 1  Qc           Eff                 1  Qc         * Calculate efficiency using the
                     Qh     Qh                               Qh     Qh                     second law of thermodynamics
             Where Qh  energy added as heat;        Where Qh  energy added as heat;
                     Qc  energy removed as heat             Qc  energy removed as heat


HT.8.P.4     Distinguish between entropy             Distinguish between entropy           * Differentiate system from          entropy
             changes within systems and the          changes within systems and            environment                          system
             entropy change for the universe as      the entropy change for the            * Evaluate scenarios in which        environment
             a whole                                 universe as a whole                   entropy is increasing or             second law of
                                                                                           decreasing within a system but       thermodynamics
                                                                                           does not violate the second law
                                                                                           of thermodynamics




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                            Page 18 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                         Objective                   Task Analysis             Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
Strand: Waves and Optics frameworks are essential components to the science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
The "Nature of Science"
integrated Students shall distinguish at the discretion of the motion and waves.
Standard 9: with appropriate content between simple harmonic instructor throughout the year.
WO.9.P.1 Explain how force, velocity, and    Explain how force, velocity,  * Contrast simple harmonic        simple harmonic
            acceleration change as an object and acceleration change as an motion (SHM) and linear motion motion
            vibrates with simple harmonic    object vibrates with simple   * Define cycle, period and        linear motion
            motion                           harmonic motion               amplitude for SHM                 cycle
                                                                           * Construct a free-body diagram period
                                                                           showing forces, velocity and      amplitude
                                                                           acceleration for an oscillator at frequency
                                                                           different points in a cycle       Hertz
                                                                           (positive or negative amplitude oscillator
                                                                           and equilibrium)                  equilibrium
                                                                                                             free-body diagram


WO.9.P.2     Calculate the spring force using        Calculate the spring force    * Define a spring                  spring
             Hooke’s law:                            using Hooke’s law:            * Construct a graph using data spring constant
                                                                                   showing that Hooke's Law is a Hooke's law
             Felastic  kx                          Felastic  kx                linear function
             Where  k  spring constant             Where  k  spring constant   * Explain the role of the negative
                                                                                   sign in the Hooke's Law
                                                                                   equation
                                                                                   * Given information, calculate
                                                                                   the force of a spring at different
                                                                                   lengths




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                               Page 19 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                         Objective                    Task Analysis                Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" frameworks are Calculate the period and                    Show the relationship between period
WO.9.P.3 Calculate the period and frequency essential components to the*science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
                                                             an object vibrating throughout the year.
           of an object vibrating with a simple frequency of of the instructor period and frequency
integrated with appropriate content at the discretion                                                              frequency
           harmonic motion:                     with a simple harmonic motion: * Construct a paragraph             oscillator
                                                                                 analyzing how the length of a     pendulum
                       L                                                         pendulum affects its period       uniform circular motion
              T  2                                       L
                       g                          T  2                         * Develop and assess graphs       simple harmonic
                                                           g
                  1                                                              depicting the vertical component motion
              f                                       1                         of an object in uniform circular
                  T                                f 
                                                       T                         motion over time and the motion
              Where T  period
                                                  Where T  period               of an object in SHM over time
                                                                                 * Calculate the period of several
                                                                                 different kinds of oscillators




WO.9.P.4     Differentiate between pulse and         Differentiate between pulse   * Construct individual graphs of    wave
             periodic waves                          and periodic waves            motion for the following kinds of   pulse wave
                                                                                   waves:                              periodic wave
                                                                                       - a pulse wave that is          transverse wave
                                                                                   transverse                          longitudinal wave
                                                                                       - a periodic wave that is       motion
                                                                                   transverse
                                                                                       - a pulse wave that is
                                                                                   longitudinal
                                                                                       - a periodic wave that is
                                                                                   longitudinal
                                                                                   * Decide what the difference is
                                                                                   in each graph

WO.9.P.5     Relate energy and amplitude             Relate energy and amplitude   * Describe the relationship    energy
                                                                                   between energy, amplitude, and amplitude
                                                                                   frequency for a wave           frequency
                                                                                                                  wave




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                   Page 20 of 36
    This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                   Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                         Physics
                    AR Department of Education
SLE Number             CONTENT STANDARD                          Objective                       Task Analysis           Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                   Student Learning Expectations
Standard 10: Students shall compare and contrast the law of reflection and the law of refraction. of all students. Additionally, they should be
The "Nature of Science" frameworks are essential components to the science education
integrated Calculate the frequency and      discretion frequency and          Define electromagnetic
WO.10.P.1 with appropriate content at the Calculate theof the instructor *throughout the year.               electromagnetic
           wavelength of electromagnetic   wavelength of electromagnetic radiation                           radiation
           radiation                       radiation                        * Relate frequency, wavelength, electromagnetic
                                                                            and speed of light               spectrum
                                                                               c  f                        light
                                                                                                             speed of light
                                                                            * Construct electromagnetic      frequency
                                                                            spectrum based on wavelength wavelength
                                                                            and frequency
                                                                            * Calculate frequency and
                                                                            wavelength for several different
                                                                            forms of electromagnetic
                                                                            radiation
WO.10.P.2 Apply the law of reflection for flat        Apply the law of reflection for   * Define the normal          normal
          mirrors:                                    flat mirrors:                     * Construct a ray diagram    ray diagram
                                                                                        depicting regular reflection reflection
               in   out                               in   out                                                 regular reflection
                                                                                                                     principal axis
WO.10.P.3 Describe the images formed by flat          Describe the images formed by * Define image                   image
          mirrors                                     flat mirrors                  * Classify the image formed by a real image
                                                                                    flat mirror as real or virtual   virtual image
                                                                                    * Describe the image in a flat   flat mirror
                                                                                    mirror




    Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                  Page 21 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                      Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                            Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                              Objective                             Task Analysis               Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
                                             Calculate distances and to the Define concave mirror             concave
WO.10.P.4 Calculate distances and focal are essential componentsfocal *science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
The "Nature of Science" frameworks
           lengths for curved mirrors:       lengths for curved mirrors:
integrated with appropriate content at the discretion of the instructor       Define convex mirror
                                                                            *throughout the year.             convex
                                                                            * Differentiate between focal     focal length
                                              1 1 2
             1 1 2
                                                                        length and radius of curvature    radius of curvature
             p q R                            p q R                         * Construct an experiment to      principal axis
                                             Where p  object distance;     test the focal length of a mirror image
            Where p  object distance;                                      * Given an arc and principal      object
                                                    q  image distance;
                    q  image distance;                                     axis, decide what focal length    arc
                                                    R  radius of curvature would be
                    R  radius of curvature                                 * Calculate object and image
                                                                            distances given a radius of
                                                                            curvature



WO.10.P.5 Draw ray diagrams to find the image Draw ray diagrams to find the                      * Contrast the path light takes as magnification
          distance and magnification for      image distance and                                 it strikes a curved mirror and as
          curved mirrors                      magnification for curved                           it strikes a flat mirror
                                              mirrors                                            * Draw ray diagrams to illustrate
                                                                                                 the images created by a curved
                                                                                                 mirror
                                                                                                 * Analyze the magnification from
                                                                                                 a ray diagram


WO.10.P.6 Solve problems using Snell’s law:              Solve problems using Snell’s            * Define index of refraction (n)   refraction
                                                         law:                                    * Distinguish between incident     index of refraction
             n i  sin  i      n r  sin  r         n i  sin  i      n r sin  r      rays and refracted rays            incident ray/angle
                                                                                                 * Solve problems using Snell's     refracted ray/angle
                                                                                                 law                                Snell's law




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                                Page 22 of 36
    This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                   Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                         Physics
                    AR Department of Education
SLE Number             CONTENT STANDARD                         Objective                     Task Analysis              Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                   Student Learning Expectations
                                                Calculate the index of                Define index of refraction (n)  index of Additionally, they should be
WO.10.P.7 Calculate the index of refractionare essential components to the*science education of all students. refraction
The "Nature of Science" frameworks
           through various media using the the refraction through various
integrated with appropriate content at          discretion of the instructor          Identify materials by index
                                                                                    *throughout the year. of          wave property
           following equation:                  media using the following           refraction given a set of data
                                                equation:                           * Organize materials in order of
                c
            n                                     c
                                                                                    index of refraction
                v                               n                                  * Analyze index of refraction and
            Where n  index of refraction ;        v
                                                                                    wave properties of light
                                                Where n  index of refraction ;
                  c  speed of light in vacuum;
                                                      c  speed of light in vacuum; * Calculate index of refraction
                  v  speed of light in medium        v  speed of light in medium


WO.10.P.8 Use a ray diagram to find the      Use a ray diagram to find the * Define converging and           converging
          position of an image produced by a position of an image produced diverging lenses                  diverging
          lens                               by a lens                     * Draw ray diagrams to illustrate lens
                                                                           the images created by lenses
                                                                           * Analyze the images from a ray
                                                                           diagram


WO.10.P.9 Solve problems using the thin-lens          Solve problems using the thin- * Define converging lens          focal length
          equation:                                   lens equation:                 * Define diverging lens
                                                                                     * Construct an experiment to
             1 1 1
                                                      1 1 1
                                                                                   test the focal length of a lens
             p q f                                      p q      f                   * Given a lens and central ray,
             Where q  image distance;                  Where q  image distance; decide what focal length would
                                                                                     be
                    p  object distance;                       p  object distance; * Calculate object and image
                        f  focal length                       f  focal length      distances given a focal length




    Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                  Page 23 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                       Objective             Task Analysis         Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
WO.10.P.10 Calculate the magnification of
The "Nature of Science" frameworks         Calculate the magnification the Recognize the relationship    magnification
                                     are essential components toof *science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
           lenses:                         lenses:                        between image height and
integrated with appropriate content at the discretion of the instructor throughout the year.             image
                                                                          object height as a ratio       object
                   h'    q                       h'      q
             M                           M                          * Given various ray diagrams,
                   h     p                       h       p                calculate the magnification of
                                                                          several different lenses
             Where M  magnificat ion;               Where M  magnificat ion;
                      h'  image height;                   h'  image height;
                      h  object height;                   h  object height;
                      q  image distance                   q  image distance
                      p  object distance                  p  object distance




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                   Page 24 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                            Objective                      Task Analysis                  Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
Strand: Electricity and Magnetism
The "Nature of Science" frameworks are essential components to the science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
integrated with appropriate content at the discretion of the electric forces and electric fields.
Standard 11: Students shall understand the relationship betweeninstructor throughout the year.
EM.11.P.1 Calculate electric force using     Calculate electric force using * Define electrostatic force         electrostatic force
           Coulomb’s law:                    Coulomb’s law:                    * Determine the role of charge in charge
                                                       q1  q 2              electrostatic force               Coulomb
                     q1  q 2                F  kc                        * Determine the role of distance Coulomb's law
            F  kc                                     r2 
                     r
                          2
                                              Where k c  Coulomb' s constant between charges in electrostatic
                                                                               force
            Where k c  Coulomb' s constant                                m
                                                            8.99  10 9 N  2
                                                                             2
                                                                               * Given a data set, solve
                                                                           c
                                         m2                                    problems involving Coulomb's
                          8.99  10 9 N  2  whereas q is charge and r is      Law
                                         c
                                             the distance between them

EM.11.P.2    Calculate electric field strength:      Calculate electric field strength: * Define electric field             electric field
                                                                                        * Relate Coulomb's law to field
                   Felectric
              E                                           F                            strength
                     q0                               E  electric                      * Calculate electric field strength
                                                             q0

EM.11.P.3    Draw and interpret electric field lines Draw and interpret electric field * Define electric force and          electric field line
                                                     lines                             electric field as vectors            electric field diagram
                                                                                       * Draw a electric field diagram      electric force
                                                                                       depicting the electric field
                                                                                       between several different
                                                                                       charges
                                                                                       * Predict where a given charge
                                                                                       will move in an electric field




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                          Page 25 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                           Objective                       Task Analysis               Essential Vocabulary      Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" frameworks are essential components to energy and education
Standard 12: Students shall understand the relationship between electricthe sciencecapacitance.of all students. Additionally, they should be
integrated Calculate electrical content at the discretion of the instructor *throughout the year.
EM.12.P.1 with appropriatepotential energy: Calculate electrical potential    Using prior knowledge,         electric potential energy
                                               energy:                      generalize the work equation,    (joules)
                                                                            field strength and electrical    charge
            PEelectric  qEd                   PEelectric  qEd           potential energy                 Coulombs
                                                                            * Calculate electrical potential electric field
                                                                            energy                           work

                                                     whereas: PE is potential
                                                     energy, q is charge, E is
                                                     electric field, and d is distance


EM.12.P.2    Compute the electric potential for      Compute the electric potential * Define electric potential (V)       electric potential (volts)
             various charge distributions:           for various charge distributions: * Describe the effect of voltage
                                                                                       on displacement of a charge
                     PEelectric                              PE                      * Calculate electric potential
              V                                     V          electric
                        q                                         q
EM.12.P.3    Calculate the capacitance of various Calculate the capacitance of           * Define capacitance             capacitor
             devices:                             various devices:                       * Recognize voltage as being     capacitance
                                                                                         between the two plates of the    Farad
                    Q                                       Q                            capacitor                        conductor
              C                                      C
                    V                                      V                           * Calculate capacitance          insulator
                                                                                                                          dielectric
                                                     whereas: Q is the charge on
                                                     the plates and V is the voltage
                                                     between the plates




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                          Page 26 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                      Objective              Task Analysis         Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" frameworks pre- Construct a circuit to produce a Define current                    current
EM.12.P.4 Construct a circuit to produce aare essential components to the*science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
                                an Ohm’s law discretion of value of an
           determined value of content at the pre-determined the instructor *throughout the year.
integrated with appropriate                                                   Define resistance            Ampere
           variable                            Ohm’s law variable           * Define Ohm's Law             resistance
                                                                            * Relate current, voltage, and Ohm
                                                                            resistance                     Ohm's law
                                                                            * Compare and contrast series series circuit
                                                                            and parallel circuits          parallel circuit
                                                                            * Given components, construct voltage
                                                                            a circuit to produce a pre-    resistor
                                                                            determined value of an Ohm's cell
                                                                            Law variable                   battery




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                   Page 27 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                          Objective                       Task Analysis                 Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" frameworks are magnetism relates to induced and alternating currents.
Standard 13: Students shall understand how essential components to the science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
integrated Determine the strength of a      discretion of the instructor *throughouteffectyear.
EM.13.P.1 with appropriate content at the Determine the strength of a       Explore the the of a bar    magnet
           magnetic field                   magnetic field               magnet on a compass or iron    magnetic field
                                                                         filings                        magnetism
                                                                         * Construct a magnetic field   electromagnet
                                                                         diagram                        permanent magnet
                                                                         * Analyze different forms of   induced magnet
                                                                         magnets (e.g.. electromagnets magnetic field diagram
                                                                         vs. permanent magnets)
                                                                         * Compare strength of magnetic
                                                                         fields of different forms of
                                                                         magnets

EM.13.P.2    Use the first right-hand rule to find   Use the first right-hand rule to   * Describe the first right-hand    first right hand rule
             the direction of the force on the       find the direction of the force    rule (thumb in direction of        magnetic force
             charge moving through a magnetic        on the charge moving through       current, fingers in direction of   charge
             field                                   a magnetic field                   magnetic field, force              current
                                                                                        perpendicular to palm)             magnetic field
                                                                                        * Given different scenarios, use
                                                                                        right-hand rule to find the
                                                                                        direction of magnetic force on a
                                                                                        charge
EM.13.P.3    Determine the magnitude and             Determine the magnitude and        * Describe the second right-     second right hand rule
             direction of the force on a current-    direction of the magnetic field    hand rule (thumb in direction of
             carrying wire in a magnetic field       of a current carrying wire         current, fingers curled in
                                                                                        direction of magnetic field)
                                                                                        * Given different scenarios, use
                                                                                        right-hand rule to find the
                                                                                        direction of magnetic field of a
                                                                                        wire




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                        Page 28 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                           Objective                      Task Analysis                Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
                                              Describe components in             Define magnetic flux           magnetic flux
EM.13.P.4 Describe how the change in theare essential how the change to the*science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
The "Nature of Science" frameworks
                                 field lines
           number of magnetic content at the the number of magnetic field
integrated with appropriate                   discretion of the instructor       Describe how electricity
                                                                               *throughout the year. is         induction
           through a circuit loop affects the lines through a circuit loop     generated through induction      coil
           magnitude and direction of the     affects the magnitude and        * Describe how the number of     magnetic field line
           induced current                    direction of the induced current coils affects the magnetic field
                                                                               lines
                                                                               * Describe how a changing
                                                                               magnetic field affects current
                                                                               flow

EM.13.P.5    Calculate the induced                   Calculate the induced              * Distinguish between emf and      electromagnetic field
             electromagnetic field (emf) and         electromagnetic field (emf) and    current                            (emf)
             current using Faraday’s law of          current using Faraday’s law of     * Given a data set, solve an emf   Faraday's law of
             induction:                              induction:                         problem using Faraday's law of     induction
                                                                                        induction
                        AB cos                 emf   N
                                                                AB cos  
             emf   N
                            t                                      t
             Where N  number of loops               Where N  number of loops
                                                                  in the circuit
                             in the circuit


                                                     A is area of loop, B is magnetic
                                                     field
                                                             I  emf / R




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                       Page 29 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                       Objective                    Task Analysis                 Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Physics
Strand: Nuclear Science" frameworks are essential components to the science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
integrated with appropriate content at the discretion of the mechanics as they apply to the atomic spectrum.
Standard 14: Students shall understand the concepts of quantuminstructor throughout the year.
NP.14.P.1 Calculate energy quanta using      Calculate energy quanta using * Define quantum/quanta      quantum/quanta
           Planck’s equation:                Planck’s equation:            * Relate energy to frequency photon
                                                                           * Calculate energy using     energy
             E  hf                            E  hf                      Planck's equation            frequency
                                                                                                        Planck's equation
                                               h  6.63*1034 J * s                                     Planck's constant
                                                                                                        Joule
                                                                                                        Electron Volt

NP.14.P.2    Calculate the de Broglie wavelength Calculate the de Broglie        * Compare and contrast particle      de Broglie wavelength
             of matter:                          wavelength of matter:           nature to wave nature (e.g..         wavelength
                                                                                 diffraction patterns)                momentum
                    h   h                                  h   h                 * Calculate de Broglie               electron
                                                                           wavelength of an electron and
                    p mv                                   p mv
                                                                                 compare it to the de Broglie
                                                                                 wavelength of everyday objects



NP.14.P.3    Distinguish between classical ideas Distinguish between classical   * Explain how particles can be       position
             of measurement and Heisenberg’s ideas of measurement and            detected and measured                momentum
             uncertainty principle               Heisenberg’s uncertainty        * Recognize that a particle must     photon
                                                 principle                       interact with a photon in order to   Heisenberg's
                                                                                 be measured                          uncertainty principle
                                                                                 * Show that the act of measuring
                                                                                 the position of a particle
                                                                                 changes its momentum and that
                                                                                 the opposite is also true
                                                                                 * Illustrate Heisenberg's
                                                                                 uncertainty principle and how it
                                                                                 affects the measurement of a
                                                                                 particle




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                  Page 30 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                      Objective              Task Analysis         Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
                                                 Research emerging theories in Discuss education of            quantum mechanics
NP.14.P.4 Research emerging theories in are essential components to the*scienceapplications of all students. Additionally, they should be
The "Nature of Science" frameworks
           physics, such as string theory at the physics, such as string theory quantum mechanics in
integrated with appropriate content              discretion of the instructor throughout the year.
                                                                                technology
                                                                                * Research emerging ideas in
                                                                                physics to prepare and present
                                                                                to the class




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                   Page 31 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                           Objective                       Task Analysis                 Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
Standard 15: Students shall understand the process of nuclear decay.to the science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
The "Nature of Science" frameworks are essential components
integrated Calculate the binding energy at   discretion binding energy of Define binding energy
NP.15.P.1 with appropriate contentof the Calculate theof the instructor *throughout the year.              binding energy
           various nuclei                    various nuclei               * Calculate binding energy using rest energy
                                                                                  e  mc 2                 mass defect

NP.15.P.2    Predict the products of nuclear         Predict the products of nuclear * Define alpha and beta decay           alpha particle/decay
             decay                                   decay                           * Discuss the process of nuclear        beta particle/decay
                                                                                     decay                                   nuclear decay
                                                                                     * For a given nuclear equation,         nuclear equation
                                                                                     predict the products of nuclear
                                                                                     decay


NP.15.P.3    Calculate the decay constant and        Calculate the decay constant * Define half-life                         half-life
             the half-life of a radioactive          and the half-life of a radioactive * Calculate the decay constant       decay constant
             substance                               substance                          and the half life of a radioactive   radioactive
                                                                                        substance                            Geiger counter
                                                      t1 / 2  .693 / k




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                         Page 32 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                         Objective                      Task Analysis              Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
Strand: Nature of Science frameworks are essential components to the science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
The "Nature of Science"
integrated with appropriate content at an discretion of that science is throughout the
Standards 16: Students shall demonstratethe understanding the instructor a way of knowing.year.
NS.16.P.1 Describe why science is limited to Describe why science is limited * Discuss natural phenomena
           natural explanations of how the   to natural explanations of how and its limits through assessing
           world works                       the world works                 scientific observations
                                                                             * Discuss science as a way of
                                                                             interpreting physical evidence



NS.16.P.2    Compare and contrast the criteria       Compare and contrast the      * Compare and contrast a
             for the formation of hypotheses,        criteria for the formation of hypothesis, theory, and law in
             theories and laws                       hypotheses, theories and laws science
                                                                                   * Recognize that explanations in
                                                                                   science can change


NS.16.P.3    Summarize the guidelines of             Summarize the guidelines of      * Explore and justify the
             science:                                science:                         scientific process through peer-
             • results are based on observations,    • results are based on           reviewed scientific journals
             evidence, and testing                   observations, evidence, and      * Compose a definition of
             • hypotheses must be testable           testing                          science guidelines
             • understandings and/or conclusions     • hypotheses must be testable
             may change as new data are              • understandings and/or
             generated                               conclusions may change as
             • empirical knowledge must have         new data are generated
             peer review and verification before     • empirical knowledge must
             acceptance                              have peer review and
                                                     verification before acceptance




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                   Page 33 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                         Objective                      Task Analysis              Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" frameworks are essential components to the solve valid problems.
Standard 17: Students shall safely design and conduct a scientific inquiry to science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
integrated Develop the appropriate procedures discretion of the instructor *throughout the year.
NS.17.P.1 with appropriate content at the Develop the appropriate               Design a controlled scientific
           using controls and variables        procedures using controls and experiment using appropriate
           (dependent and independent) in      variables (dependent and       procedures
           scientific experimentation          independent) in scientific
                                               experimentation
NS.17.P.2 Research and apply appropriate       Research and apply             * Demonstrate safety
           safety precautions (ADE Guidelines) appropriate safety precautions precautions before, during, and
           when designing and/or conducting (ADE Guidelines) when             after experimentation
           scientific investigations           designing and/or conducting
                                               scientific investigations



NS.17.P.3    Identify sources of bias that could     Identify sources of bias that    * Evaluate sources of bias in an
             affect experimental outcome             could affect experimental        experiment
                                                     outcome
NS.17.P.4    Gather and analyze data using           Gather and analyze data using    * Design a controlled scientific
             appropriate summary statistics          appropriate summary statistics   experiment using appropriate
             (e.g., percent yield, percent error)    (e.g., percent yield, percent    procedures
                                                     error)                           * Gather data in an appropriate
                                                                                      manner
                                                                                      * Analyze data using basic
                                                                                      statistics
NS.17.P.5    Formulate valid conclusions without Formulate valid conclusions          * Construct a valid conclusion
             bias                                without bias                         based on observations and data




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                   Page 34 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                          Objective                      Task Analysis              Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" frameworks an essential components to the science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
Standard 18: Students shall demonstrateare understanding of historical trends in physics.
integrated Recognize that theories are           discretion of the instructor *throughout the year.
NS.18.P.1 with appropriate content at the Recognize that theories are           Research historical theories in
           scientific explanations that require scientific explanations that  physics and how they have
           empirical data, verification and peer require empirical data,      changed due to experimental
           review                                verification and peer review evidence

NS.18.P.2    Research historical and current         Research historical and current * Compare articles from
             events in physics                       events in physics               scientific journals from different
                                                                                     time periods of scientific
                                                                                     development
                                                                                     * Prepare and present findings
                                                                                     to the class

Standard 19: Students shall use mathematics, science equipment, and technology as tools to communicate and solve physics problems.
NS.19.P.1    Use appropriate equipment and           Use appropriate equipment        * Set up an experiment available
             technology as tools for solving         and technology as tools for      for peer review to determine any
             problems (e.g., balances, scales,       solving problems (e.g.,          procedural errors
             calculators, probes, glassware,         balances, scales, calculators,
             burners, computer software and          probes, glassware, burners,
             hardware)                               computer software and
                                                     hardware)

NS.19.P.2    Manipulate scientific data using        Manipulate scientific data using * Visually represent the findings
             appropriate mathematical                appropriate mathematical         of an experiment in several
             calculations, charts, tables, and       calculations, charts, tables,    different formats
             graphs                                  and graphs
NS.19.P.3    Utilize technology to communicate       Utilize technology to         * Use current software to display
             research findings                       communicate research findings findings of an experiment in a
                                                                                   presentation or report




   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                    Page 35 of 36
   This course is not paced by nineweeks.

                                                  Arch Ford/Northwest Arkansas Instructional Alignment
                                                                        Physics
                   AR Department of Education
SLE Number            CONTENT STANDARD                         Objective                       Task Analysis          Essential Vocabulary   Materials/Resources
                  Student Learning Expectations
The "Nature of Science" frameworks connections between pure and applied science.
Standard 20: Students shall describe theare essential components to the science education of all students. Additionally, they should be
integrated Compare and contrast the             discretion of the instructor *throughoutscience
NS.20.P.1 with appropriate content at the Compare and contrast the             Define pure the year.
           connections between pure science connections between pure         * Define applied science
           and applied science as it relates to science and applied science  * Give examples of both pure
           physics                              as it relates to physics     and applied science
                                                                             * Compare and contrast pure
                                                                             and applied science in physics
NS.20.P.2    Give examples of scientific bias that Give examples of scientific  * Evaluate sources of bias in an
             affect outcomes of experimental       bias that affect outcomes of experiment
             results                               experimental results         * Show how an experiment will
                                                                                change with different sources of
                                                                                bias
NS.20.P.3    Discuss why scientists should work Discuss why scientists should * Define ethical behavior as it
             within ethical parameters           work within ethical parameters relates to science
                                                                                * Compare and contrast ethical
                                                                                and unethical scientific
                                                                                experiments
NS.20.P.4    Evaluate long-range plans           Evaluate long-range plans      * Give examples of both
             concerning resource use and by-     concerning resource use and effective and ineffective plans
             product disposal for environmental, by-product disposal for        for the disposal of waste
             economic, and political impact.     environmental, economic, and
                                                 political impact.
NS.20.P.5    Explain how the cyclical relationship Explain the cyclical relationship   * Research how science has
             between science and technology        between science and                 affected technology and how
             results in reciprocal advancements technology                             technology has been used in
             in science and technology                                                 science historically


Standard 21: Students shall describe various physics careers and the training required for the selected career.
NS.21.P.1    Research and evaluate careers in        Research and evaluate careers * Using available resources,
             physics using the following criteria:   in physics using the following research how physics is used in
             • educational requirements              criteria:                      several different careers
             • salary                                • educational requirements
             • availability of jobs                  • salary
             • working conditions                    • availability of jobs
                                                     • working conditions


   Revised 5-09                                                                                                                                Page 36 of 36

								
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