Batik Indonesia Culture and Nationalism
Batik is indigenous cultural heritage of Indonesia, such recognition by UNESCO, United
Nations agencies. Batik officially confirmed as the original culture of Indonesia recorded on
October 2, 2009, this is satisfactory because the Indonesian people had previously been a
warm controversy. Before there was the inauguration of the Malaysian nation UN claims that
batik is a result of their national culture.
Certainty of batik as indigenous cultures of Indonesia Indonesian government strengthened
the determination to establish 2 October as the Day of National Batik. We as a nation of
Indonesia proud with this situation, ultimately batik dress not only as art, but also as a
national identity. Actually batik as ciptabudaya trip journey is quite long.
Batik Cultural Symbols Nobility
According to the letters is important relics of the ancient kingdom of Mataram, batik was
formerly a symbol of nobility, because it is allowed to wear batik are the nobles of the
kingdom. Along with the development of batik era eventually be imposed by all levels of
society as it is today. Even batik synonymous with nationalism, is evident in both formal and
informal events such batik became the unofficial uniform.
Researchers believe early international batik batik-use tool first introduced in the 1700s.In
the 1800's there was authentic evidence is recorded in an old photograph that Sultan
Hamengkubuwono II, King of Mataram and Sir Stamford Raffles who was then serving as
British Governor of Java Lieutnant photographed wearing a batik motif broken machete. This
batik motif at that time should only be worn by the nobility.
Why is called Batik
According to the literature that can be trusted, batik combination of two words derived from
Javanese language, namely the word 'Amba' which means 'Writing' and the word 'point'
which means 'point'. Of syllables Amba and this is the end point of a syllable or Batik
Ambatik full of artistic value. Actually if we consider the literal meaning of batik can we
interpret the pattern making techniques on fabric.
Making batik cloth in principle is the manufacture of fabric by using wax-resist dyeing
technique or fabric staining technique using a 'night' is a kind of wax to limit in certain parts
of fabric dyeing. Ethnic cultures such as Egypt, China, Japan, India, Africa, was also already
familiar with this technique in the manufacture of cloth. But there is also evidence that batik
culture has long been known and grown in Indonesia especially in Java is the style of
temples scattered in Indonesia wearing patterned batik motif.