Project with Deformation Survey

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National Geodetic Survey
 Height Modernization

         Helena, Mt
      October 17, 2006

                                       Renee Shields
                            National Geodetic Survey
     National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Height Mod Implementation

 How has Height Mod been implemented
  in other states?

 How does the U.S. Federal Budget
  process work?

 How do NOAA Grants work?

      • Leveling could not be used in NAVD88
        adjustment so couldn’t implement
      • Some heights in CA in error by more
        than a meter
      • No way to keep up with continuously re-
      • GPS could be immediately used to meet
        some of California’s requirements
California             (Scripps Institution of Oceanography)

• Establish California Spatial Reference Center
• Projects
    –   San Francisco Bay Demonstration Project
    –   Hamilton Field Restoration
    –   Post-earthquake surveys, e.g. Hector Mine, Yolo County
    –   Leveling support from CalTrans
•   Densify CORS Network
•   Establish NAVD88 orthometric heights on CORS
•   Develop RTK networks
•   Educate users on Epochs
•   Update HTDP, Geoid models
                                   (North Carolina Department of
    North Carolina                 Environmental and Natural Resources )

•   Become Cooperative Technical State
•   Get additional grant funds from FEMA – update flood maps
•   Contract GPS Height Mod projects by county
•   NCGS perform leveling concurrent with GPS
•   Distribute data, maps via web site
•   Partner with NCA&T
     – develop training materials for workshops (non-traditional
       and traditional users)
     – Develop 4-year Geospatial degree program
     – Perform studies to develop standards for new techniques
     – Develop software, tools, models
  Louisiana         (Louisiana State University)

• Establish LSRC
• Re-establish outdated vertical network –
  update NAVD88, tie to sea-level datums
• Perform subsidence, coastal erosion studies
  – develop HTDP, storm surge models for
  vertical motion
• Study new technologies for GPS surveys
• Educate users, managers to subsidence
  Wisconsin           (Wisconsin Department of Transportation)

                  • Provide accurate vertical data for highway
                    design (vertical component of the geodetic
                  • Improve ability to delineate basins
                  • Improve data quality to provide more
                    accurate DTMs
Supplement control where marks have been
• Create network that can fully utilize
  GPS technologies (cost effective)
• Become role model and trainer for other
  states’ programs
Mississippi      (USM)

  • Expand CORS network throughout
    the State
  • USM Gulf Coast Research Lab
    installed National Water Level
    Observation Network (NWLON)
    station co-located with CORS              Alabama (ALDOR)
  • Height Modernization survey along
    Mississippi River (Cairo, IL to the
    Gulf) completed in cooperation • Alabama Department of Revenue
    with USACE                           manage program; Department
                                         of Transportation oversees
                                         surveying tasks
                                       • Densify CORS and HARN
                                       • Re-level where needed
                                       • Educate surveyors for contract
                                       • Establish statewide SLIMS
                                         (Statewide Land Info
                                         Management Systems)
  Other Funded States

• Washington (DNR)
   •Ensure a high-accuracy geodetic reference network in WA
   (GPS, monuments, CORS, VRS networks, geodetic models)
   •Promote the development of specifications and guidelines for
   GPS surveys; Serve as an educational source for users
• Texas (TAMUCC)
   •Establish TSRC
   •Improve Gulf Coast geoid model
   •NAVD88 heights on all CORS; tie CORS to tidal datums
   •Measure/monitor subsidence in Harris Galveston area
• Kentucky (Morehead State)
• Arizona (ASLD)
 Other Interested States

• Invited to brief congressional staff
  and/or present at conferences, forums:
    AK, AR, FL, CO, HI,
    IL, MI, MO, MT, NH,
    NM, PA, PR, TN, VI
• Height Mod projects done:
    FL, NE
  Evaluate your needs

• How much vertical control do you have/need?
   – Passive control disappearing because of
     development or other activities?
   – Control network easily maintained or densified
     to suit community’s needs?
• How valid is the control network?
   – Is there movement from crustal deformation,
     e.g. earthquakes (Yellowstone), glacial
• What will it take to fix it?
          Montana’s needs?
                                 Management of forest fires - evacuation
                                 planning, effective firefighting by knowing
                                 accurate positioning and slope

                               Mudslides, rockslides – may have contributed to
                               decimation of passive control; accurate control
                               network assists with cost effective rebuilding
Forests in western 1/3 of MT

  Agriculture – effective use of
  irrigation, pesticides, fertilizer,
  saves money and environment
  Conversion from NGVD29 to
  NAVD88 for water management,
  GIS applications

                                                           Wheat in eastern 2/3 of MT
Montana’s needs?
  U.S. Federal Budget Process

• Federal Fiscal Year: October 1 – September 30
• Budget Process
   – Presidential budget
   – Congress adopts budget resolution –
     response to the Presidents budget
   – Consideration of appropriations – House and
     Senate conferences
   – Negotiate differences
   – Budget Bill goes to President to veto or sign
   – Bill signed into law
 President’s Budget

• Initiates Budget Process
• Submitted to Congress February
  2 for upcoming FY
• Recommended spending levels
  for programs and agencies

         • Represents “Budget
         • Budget submitted to Congress
           with justification materials from
  Budget Resolution

• Congress’ response to President’s budget
• A Guide for considering various budget bills
   – Not law, i.e. doesn’t go to President
   – Does set ceilings for each bill
• Covers at least 5 years, upcoming plus 4 more
• Required by Congressional Budget Act of 1974
   – No penalty for not adopting a resolution
   – 1999 and 2001 are only 2 years Congress
     has failed to adopt a resolution
Appropriations Committees

• House and Senate Appropriations
  Committees hold hearings for consideration
  of 13 separate bills via 13 sub-committees
• Adopted Budget Resolution provides
  ceilings for sub-committees to use as
• Sub-committees begin to mark up bills
  under their jurisdiction
  Appropriations Committees
• House
  – 65 members: 35(R), 29(D), 1(I)
  – Current Chair: Jerry Lewis, CA (R)

• Senate
  – 28 members: 15(R), 13(D)
  – Current Chair: Thad Cochran, MS(R)

• 13 Subcommittees
  –   Agriculture, Rural Development, and Related Agencies
  –   Commerce, Justice, and Science Defense
  –   District of Columbia
  –   Energy and Water
  –   Homeland Security
  –   Interior and Related Agencies
  –   Labor, Health and Human Services, Education and Related Agencies
  –   Legislative Branch
  –   Military Construction and Veterans Affairs
  –   State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs
  –   Transportation, Treasury, the Judiciary, Housing and Urban Development, and
      Related Agencies
     Appropriations Committees

             Senate                House

Senate Appropriations            House Appropriations
    Committee                        Committee

                   SA Sub 1   HA Sub 1

                SA Sub 1         HA Sub 2

             SA Sub 3                HA Sub 3

 SA Sub 13                                      HA Sub 13
Appropriations Committees

• Sub-committees submit bills to full
  House/Senate for vote
• Bills are considered and passed in each
  chamber in August and September
• There are still big differences between the
  House version and Senate version
• Little time left before start of FY to resolve

Appropriations Committees

• House and Senate Appropriations Committees
  negotiate their differences
   – Negotiate differences
   – Reach an agreement within range of
   – Budget Bill goes to President who has 10
     days to veto or sign
  President Acts on Bill

• Does nothing within 10 days
   – If Congress is in session, Bill becomes law
   – If Congress is adjourned, Bill is vetoed
• Vetoes Bill
   – Bill goes back to Congress
   – If House and Senate pass bill with a 2/3
     vote, Bill becomes law
   – If not, Bill dies and they start over
• Signs Bill into law
     Appropriations              ($ in thousands)

      2001     2002     2003       2004     2005     2006     2007

AL                                 1,989K   2,000K   1,971K
AZ                                                   500K
CA    1,000K   1,000K   1,000K     1,000K   500K     933K
KY                                          500K     500K
LA             1,000K   500K       497K     497K
MS                      500K       500K     600K     600K
NC    1,000K   1,000K   1,000K     993K     1,000K   933K
SC                      500K       497K              467K
TX                                          750K     750K
WA                                 500K     500K
WI             500K     500K       2,989K   3,000K   3,000K
                                  2006 Pres   2006 House   2006 Senate   2006 Conference
        2007 Marks                Request     Mark         Mark          Mark
Geodesy Base                       22,190        24,000        20,219            20,295
NSRS                                     0             0        1,971             1,971
Height Mod Study-NGS                   233                        233               233
Height Mod Study-NC                    933                        933               933
Height Mod Study-CSRC                  933                        933               933
Geodetic Survey-LA

Height Mod Study-MS                                               600               600
Digital Earth Model-MS                                          3,000
Height Mod TX                                                   1,600               750

Height Mod Study-WI                                                               3,000
Geodetic Survey-SC                     467                        467               467
Geodetic Survey-AL                                                                1,971
Geodetic Survey-KY                                                                  500
Geodetic Survey-AZ                                                                  500
Comprehensive Elev Prj for Gulf

Total                              24,756        24,000        29,956            32,153
                                  2006         2007 Pres    2007 House   2007 Senate
        2007 Marks                Conference
                                               Request      Mark         Mark

Geodesy Base                        20,295         21729        22,000           21,729
NSRS                                 1,,971
Height Mod Study-NGS                    233           231                              231
Height Mod Study-NC                     933           924                              900
Height Mod Study-CSRC                   933           924                              900
Geodetic Survey-LA                                                                2,300
Height Mod Study-MS                     600                                            600
Digital Earth Model-MS                                                            5,000
Height Mod TX                           750                                            500

Height Mod Study-WI                   3,000
Geodetic Survey-SC                      467           462                              400
Geodetic Survey-AL                    1,971                                       2,000
Geodetic Survey-KY                      500
Geodetic Survey-AZ                      500
Comprehensive Elev Prj for Gulf                                                   7,000

Total                               32,153        24,270        22,000           41,560
       Height Modernization Appropriations

Fiscal Year   Appropriations            States

  FY 2001          2.25 M                CA, NC

  FY 2002          3.75 M            CA, NC, LA, WI

  FY 2003          3.75 M          CA, NC, LA, WI, MS

                                   CA, NC, LA, WI, MS,
  FY 2004          9.0 M
                                       AL, WA, SC
                                   CA, NC, LA, WI, MS,
  FY 2005          9.6 M
                                     AL, WA, TX, KY
                                    CA, NC, WI, MS,
  FY 2006          9.9 M
                                   AL, SC, TX, KY, AZ
 NGS’ Role - NOAA Grants

• Appropriations puts funds in NGS budget
  – Amount and recipient designated by
• NGS publishes Request for Applications
  – Non-competitive
  – Available for particular applicants only
  – Can be up to 5 years
 NGS’ Role - NOAA Grants

• Designated organization applies
   – Writes proposal, budget plan
   – Includes application forms, supporting
• Review by NGS and outside reviewers
• Award managed and monitored by NGS
                        NGS’ Role and Responsibilities

                                                                                       • Program Management -- Congressional
                                                                                         briefings, budget, grants management,
                                                                                         coordination, outreach
NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NGS-58                                                   • Outreach/Technology Transfer -- advisors,
                                                                                         forums, workshops, conferences, publications,

                                                                                         training, outsourcing
David B. Zilkoski
Joseph D. D'Onofrio
Stephen J. Frakes

Silver Spring, MD

November 1997

                                                                                       • Project Leadership -- project planning,
                     National Oceanic and
                     Atmospheric Administration
                                                  National Ocean
                                                                   National Geodetic
                                                                                         specifications, guidelines, CORS management
                                                                                       • Quality Control -- training, assess techniques,
                                                                                         survey control, load projects into NGS database
                                                                                       • Research and Development -- software
                                                                                         development, remote sensing, modeling,
                                                                                         investigate GPS techniques, antenna calibrations
Other Approaches – National

  • Funding included in NGS budget –
    consistent, not threatened by whims of
  • Program recognized by NOAA – added
    support to continue
  • NGS coordinates activities around the
    country, prioritizing based on need
  • NGS can redirect funds as needed, not
    restricted to spending within one state
Other Approaches – Regional

 • Alternative if can’t get support for National
 • Needs don’t stop at state boundaries
 • States within a region work in concert to
   support common issues/goals
 • More efficient use of funds
 • Encourages partnerships
 • Congress more likely to continue funding if
   affects a larger group – shows importance,
   commitment to program on part of users
Other Approaches – Regional
The Future

 • Continue efforts to maintain and grow the
 • Research new technology to enhance HMP
 • Continue to investigate opportunities to modify
   procedures and processes to improve
 • Provide outreach, training, and support to
   states interested in Height Modernization

  Contact information
         Renee Shields
         Grants Manager
         N/NGS1, SSMC3, Room 9357
         1315 East-West Highway
         Silver Spring, MD 20910
         301-713-3231, x116

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