APHA International Health Section by qingyunliuliu


									                        APHA International Health Section
                    Reports on Section Activities during 2006 by
                    Committee Chairs and Other Section Leaders

(These reports will be discussed at the IH Section Business Meeting on Sunday
November 5, 2006 at 4:00PM. They are also posted on the IH Section Website,

                                                       Table of Contents
1.    MESSAGE FROM THE CHAIR ...................................................................................................... 2
2.    MESSAGE FROM THE CHAIR ELECT ........................................................................................ 4
3.    MESSAGE FROM THE IMMEDIATE PAST CHAIR .................................................................. 6
4.    REPORT FROM THE SECRETARY .............................................................................................. 6
5.    STRATEGIC PLANNING & MANUAL DEVELOPMENT.......................................................... 7
6.    POLICY AND RESOLUTIONS COMMITTEE ............................................................................. 7
7.    PHARMACEUTICALS INTEREST GROUP ................................................................................. 7
8.    PROGRAM COMMITTEE ............................................................................................................... 8
9.    ADVOCACY ....................................................................................................................................... 9
10.       SECTION NEWSLETTER ..........................................................................................................10
11.       NOMINATIONS COMMITTEE .................................................................................................11
12.       STUDENTS AND YOUNG PROFESSIONALS COMMITTEE..............................................11
13.       MEMBERSHIP COMMITTEE ..................................................................................................12
14.       AWARDS COMMITTEE ............................................................................................................12
15.       SECTION, SPIG AND CAUCUS COLLABORATION ............................................................14
17.       SUMMARY ON IH SECTION COMMITTEE ON TRADE AND HEALTH ........................18
19.       WORLD FEDERATION OF PUBLIC HEALTH ASSOCIATIONS ......................................20
20.       SCIENCE BOARD........................................................................................................................22

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Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers                                                                                     November 2006
I am proud to have worked with and for you during the last 2 years in the capacity of IH
Section Chair—and I will be equally pleased to work with the Section as the Past Chair.
I look forward to supporting the in-coming Chair, Samir Banoob, and the Chair-Elect,
Miriam Labbok, to continue the efforts that Ray Martin (my predecessor) and I have
started which seems to have revitalized the Section and broadened its appeal to public
health scientists, practitioners, and students. I should like to take this moment to
summarize some of the progress made in the Section that the membership has now

First, the Section has now institutionalized the monthly Leadership Phone Call, as a main
mechanism through which the Section leadership meets to discuss and develop consensus
around priority issues. Although the meeting is chaired by the Section Chairperson, it
meets regardless of who is available. Due to my travel schedule I have sometimes not
attended the meetings, and I have been gratified to find that another section officer and/or
leader chaired the meeting despite my absence. The importance of the monthly
Leadership Phone Calls was underscored by a resolution passed by the Section to
earmark funds from our operating budget to fund them in perpetuity. I would like to
thank Donna Barry and Elvira Beracochea for their enthusiastic and irreplaceable support
during the year to maintain the leadership phone calls.

Second, the Section has established as special student account (which is now reasonably
well funded) to finance Student Awards. During 2006 we established awards for the best
student submissions to the conference. This initiative resulted in multiple awards
(screened by an independent panel). This year we are establishing the first student award
for contributions to public health practice. The student who has been given this award
has affected epidemiological practice in Kenya and Nigeria due to her contribution to
Biostatistics which refined the LQAS method for application in large countries.

Third, the Section is honoring the life‘s work of two public health giants who established
and contributed to Community Based Primary Health Care, John Gordon and John Wyon,
by presenting an Award in their names. The Award was established by a Section
Resolution and will be maintained in perpetuity to honor major contributors to this area
of public health science and practice.

Fourth, as many of us know, PVO participation in the Section has been very low. This is
now changing as promised. The White Ribbon Campaign has now entered the Section as
a member organization and with CARE (and hopefully other PVOs) has agreed to
establish a working group dedicated to PVO/NGO practice and to formulating policy
recommendations informed by community based practice.

Fifth, the Section has established a popular Film Series during the Conference. This has
aided the Conference to stay in touch with reality during the week long events and also to
introduce media as a means to make contributions to public health practice. Much of the

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credit for this work goes to Betsy Bassan who established this effort and to Malcolm
Bryant who has continued to make it excel as an important Section contribution to
APHA. Both Betsy and Malcolm have been the Program Chairs during my term – and
they have performed to an exceptional standard.

Sixth, during November 2005, Dr. Benjamin asked the IH section to coordinate an
Association-wide discussion on the topic of health and global trade. In January 2006 the
Section recommended that APHA launch a project to (a) educate its broad membership
about the issues concerning trade and health, and (b) engage government and other
stakeholders in dialogue and advocacy to increase the priority given to public health in
trade policy and agreements. IH recommended that this agenda be pursued by: (1)
devoting one of the 2005 Annual Meeting Special Sessions to the topic; (2) encouraging
Sections to organize Scientific Sessions on trade and health within their programs; (3)
asking AJPH to devote at least part of an issue to evidence about trade and health; (4)
initiating an ongoing dialogue with the office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR),
(5) considering the establishment of a task force or some mechanism within the
Association to support ongoing education of the APHA membership on trade and health
issues, and (6) seeking support to engage an expert for a year or two to help APHA
become a significant player in public health and trade issues. The Section, under the fine
coordination of Marty Makinen has support APHA in this area and continues to do so.
We are expecting APHA to provide guidance during 2007 about how the Section can
continue its contribution in this area.

Seventh, the Section has redeveloped its Website to become a useful tool to members and
students. The Section should be particularly proud of this achievement as it has now
established a mechanism for keeping the membership in contact with actions undertaken
by the leadership as well as becoming a means of keeping practitioners and students up to
date with tools and methods that support public health practice and science.

I am much honored to have been a part of this period marked by an exceptional amount
of activity by the Section membership. It is gratifying to see the deep commitment of the
leadership and of other membership who engage in Section activities.

Yet we need more engagement by the member to shape this Section. No matter what
experience you have, if you want to become engaged then we will put you to work. No
matter what level of experience you have, if you are committed to public health practice
and science then we will respect you and treat you as an equal. No matter what amount
of time you are able to commit then we will be grateful to the contribution you make.
We value our members and their work and encourage you all to become involved to
make this Section more than it currently is. Although we are proud of our achievements,
we are all too aware of the work we have yet to do.

Joseph Valadez
IH Section Chair

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It is a great honor and pleasure to return back to serving our section and its members as
its 19th chair after serving it from secretary elect to past president for continuing 10 years
between 1987-1996, and continued to serve on its leadership team since then.

This year is not a transition, but a simple change of some guards with new chair,
secretary, and two governing and two section counselors, with a smooth continuity of
mission and goals, and activities aiming at strengthening of the section impact and status
within APHA and in the international health community.

In reviewing our vision, it is useful to indicate that:

1. The Section is a part of APHA and is, or should be, its international arm. This is the
difference between us and Global Health Council or other independent similar
organizations. This means that we should maximize our integration within APHA and its
other sections through task forces and the new forums that are planned by APHA /
Intersectional Council to involve other sections interested in issues that cut across
sections within APHA. At the same time we need to strengthen the role and impact of
APHA within WFPHA( Te World Federation of Public Health Associations) and to
connect with other national and international agencies as feasible with emphasis on
ASPH, US-AID, WHO/ PAHO, PVO's, NGO's and others , without stretching ourselves
too thin.

2. The Section is operating in a great way, and my principle is to keep the momentum of
every on going activity, appreciating and supporting each member who is spending an
effort, any effort, towards the section goals.

I see my role as chair is facilitating these great efforts, and at the same time maximizing
the impact of the section within and outside APHA. We should bring back home, the
lessons that we learned abroad, including universal coverage, affordable health care,
successful family planning and MCH services, child survival and many other successful
projects that you plan and implement overseas, which are most needed in our inner cities.
At the same time we should assist in maximizing the impact of the funds, governmental
and nongovernmental, spent by our country in foreign health projects to ensure its
efficiency and sustainability, and to improve the US image globally at these critical

3. The impact of the Section is determined by its resources and by its appropriate plans.
Plans can be wishful thinking if it exceeds resources, and activities with no plans or
directions are simply a waste.

The section has less than 1500 members as its only resource (plus $ 4,700 annual budget)
, yet less than 40-50 of them are significantly active in serving the section.( Section
membership was about 1500 in 1990) Our case is more compounded by two factors:

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a) While all APHA sections are discipline oriented i.e. one or few specializations, we are
a multi specialty section, only geographically oriented, but covers areas from policy and
management to MCH, HIV/AIDS to pharmaceuticals and nutrition to mention a few. This
requires that we carefully prioritize our plans. Other sections have international interests
and expertise. We should make all efforts to recruit those interested members in our
section as second section members (called optional non-voting members).

b) We are a traveling labor force, meaning that we are frequently out of our offices and
towns. This limits our availability for contributing to the Section activities, contrary to
many other sections.

4. To deal with this situation of limited and scattered resources. Our strategic options
should be:

  - Expanding and enlarging the general membership (as members or affiliates)

  - Encouraging more section members to be involved.

  - Organizing ourselves to be more efficient.

In this respect, my suggestions are:

       Please take the time to make some calls before the meeting, identify potential
       section ( or other section) members to serve on your committee during the
       meeting to expand its membership, think about future plans, and let us discuss it
       during the annual meeting and the Section council meetings.

       B. I am encouraging each section counselor or governing counselor to serve as a
       chair or co- chair of at least one committee or task force that needs to be filled.

        C. The monthly conference call is a great achievement that became very
       common in all APHA sections and task forces. We will continue it as the
       open to all the section members.

       D. Please take some time to review the Section Manual to review its mission,
       goals, committee structure, position descriptions and its relation with APHA.
       Great effort was spent on updating this manual that will serve us all.

 5. To deal with the section effectiveness, this requires sound strategic planning by the
Section and by each committee and task force/working group, and at the same time
contributing to, and following APHA strategic planning process. We need to develop a
section strategic plan, and a position paper on priority international health issues that will
guide APHA actions.

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 To this extent, I am thinking loudly, brain storming, and seeking your input and advice
on these general directions until we meet during the annual meeting

My best regards to all,

Samir N. Banoob, M.D, D.M, DPH, Ph.D.
Chair- Elect


Although APHA considers the Immediate Past Chair of a Section as a voting member of
the Section Council, its manual does not provide any defined duties for this role. I was
pleased to help behind the scenes in a number of IH activities over the past two years and
was glad to support Joe Valadez' vigorous leadership in his role as Chair. After the
Boston annual meeting, I will have no official function in the Section, but intend to
remain active and support Samir and other Section leaders as desired.

After a decade of active participation and leadership in the IH Section, I am convinced
that many of our 1500 members make a mistake in claiming to be too busy to become
actively involved in one Section activity or another. Effectiveness in many international
health positions is enhanced by having a broad range of contacts that one can learn from
and network with. Active participation in professional agencies like APHA and the
Global Health Council is a very useful way to enlarge one's network of associations.

Although it is easy to allow the press of the daily in-box to dominate one's attention, I
have found that the scores of professional acquaintances and friends introduced to me by
active participation in APHA have contributed significantly to my usefulness as a public
health professional.

This principle applies to students as well. Many young people write off joining or
participating actively in APHA. This is a mistake, limiting their professional growth. It
pays to start early developing and expanding your network, your professional Rolodex. I
have found, too, that most activists in the IH Section are eager to have student
participation. The world is open to you. Take advantage of it.

Ray Martin
Immediate Past Chair

At the last APHA conference, I, Elvira Beracochea, assumed as Acting Secretary due to
Irshat‘s prolonged TDY. I kept minutes at last year‘s business meetings, and set up and
staffed the section‘s booth for several hours every day. The section held teleconference
calls monthly and I moderated at times and kept minutes for most calls, except in
February and September when I was on TDY or off-site. I also assisted to plan the mid-

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year meeting, followed up on several issues arising from the calls and mid-year meeting,
and worked with Curt Swezy to draft a sympathy message to WHO for Dr. Lee‘s death. I
worked with Amy Hagopian and Russell Kingston to update the section‘s website, and I
am currently coordinating with Morgan Taylor to migrate the site to the new APHA-
sponsored website. I also worked with Donna and Morgan to coordinate the Award
Dinner. I assisted to interview candidates for the Global Health Manager position that
now Morgan holds. As last year, I have coordinated the collection of member‘s published
work to display at our booth. I have represented the Section at the GWU‘s UN week
meeting: ―The UN and you: Achieving the Millennium Development Goals‖ on October

Elvira Beracochea


The is no report from this Committee for this year.

The IH Pharmaceuticals Interest Group now has approximately 75 members. The email
traffic is quite light, as we are not duplicating other groups (e.g. E-drug). Most of the
exchanges are about: articles members have recently published, position papers proposed
by other sections or interest groups, and the planned panels at APHA. There will be 4
panels on pharmaceuticals at this year's conference. (I have attached the summary sheet.)
this is a major change from the year the IH Rx Interest Group was formed, only 2 years
ago, when there were no panels. There were 2 panels last year. The major increase in the
number of pharmaceutical panels has more to do with the major investment the US
government is now making in pharmaceuticals than it has to do with the Rx Interest
Group, but we are also able to communicate more effectively now about the topic area
with other APHA members.

From among the group members, I will also be soliciting ideas for a special issue of the
International Journal of Health Planning and Management on Pharmaceuticals in
developing and transition countries. We will circulate a notice about this during the
APHA conference.

-- Maggie Huff-Rousselle

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As new Program organizers, we have had a steep learning curve, but we had guidance
from Betsy Bassan and Laura Shahi (the outgoing organizers), and outstanding help and
understanding from Donna Wright at APHA. We have put together a program that we
think maintains the tradition of sharing state of the art technical information, interesting
lessons learned, and new directions in international health.

The program start-up was hurried because of the delay and relocation of last year‘s
conference. The call for abstracts was due the day following the program planner‘s
meeting! The results reflected both our inexperience and the time pressure, and there
were some important lessons learned in defining the categories for submission.

A few days before the closure date for submission the whole conference was hugely
undersubscribed with abstracts. We had only 200 in the IH section. The decision to
extend the deadline by a week resulted in that number rising to nearly 500 – clearly
authors needed a ‗wake-up call‘. The number of abstracts received was significantly
more than in previous years, with the result that we had to recruit additional reviewers to
assure that each abstract had a minimum of 3 reviewers. Even then, many reviewers
were asked to look at 20 abstracts instead of the promised 15.

We have two requests concerning reviewers. Firstly, we are always looking for
individuals who would be prepared to review 12 – 15 abstracts in January or February
please contact us if you are interested. Secondly, if you commit to be a reviewer please
do the work or at least let us know you cannot follow through! It is not fair to authors to
have reviewers neglect their role and jeopardize a fair evaluation.

We were ably assisted by a small but helpful program committee: Meiling Wang, Samir
Banoob, Marty Makinen, Betsy Bassan, John Pollock, Donna Barry, Carol Dabbs, Beth
Riven, Amy Hagopian, Diana Silimperi, Manjiri Bhawalkar, and Leornard Rubenstein.

Together we put together a program with a total of 41 panel sessions, and 8 poster
sessions. Because of the high number of abstracts, we limited the number of invited
sessions to enable more high quality papers to be presented. In the final program we
have 150 scientific papers and 75 posters being presented. Authors come from across the
US and around the world. We will also be continuing with the film festival this year.
Amy Hill has done a phenomenal job in an all volunteer role to review more than 30 film
submitted and bring them down to 8 films that will be presented in 5 sessions. The IH
section leads the way for the film festival.

It is a major challenge to put this conference on every year. The IH section is the second
largest section in the Association, presenting as many papers and posters as the entire
GHC conference. None of this would be possible without the support of the program
committee, the section leadership, and the membership. Thank-you to all.

Malcolm Bryant mbryant@msh.org 617-250-9228

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Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers                                    November 2006
Maryellen Glennon mglennon@msh.org 617-250-9138

The Advocacy Committee identified four priorities for action this year.

1) Promote aid harmonization by supporting the ―three ones‖ (one plan, one
coordinating body, one monitoring and evaluation system as per the 4/25/04 agreement),
and advancing the principles of the Paris High-Level Forum on Enhanced Aid
Effectiveness (3/2/05).

2) Build health workforce capacity in low-income countries. This includes removing
lender-imposed limits on health and education expenditures in indebted poor countries,
and limiting the flight of health professionals from low-income countries.

3) Ensure U.S. policy is aimed at advancing a humanitarian agenda as its top
priority. This includes opposing the U.S. ―Global Gag Rule‖ and other policies that
interfere with health promotion and health care delivery in poor countries. It also
includes advocating for the PEPFAR budget and lifting the limit on U.S. contributions to
the Global Fund.

4) Identify other opportunities for international health advocacy as they arise.

Recent activities
The Advocacy Committee wrote a letter to the editor of the New York Times (see below,
unpublished) opposing Bush Administration cuts to the U.S. budget for international
family planning.

We worked with APHA staffer Kate Sweeney to publicize our resolution adopted by the
APHA governing council (12/05). The resolution opposed health and education spending
limits imposed on indebted countries by lenders. We are writing a cover letter to the
resolution, and will be circulating it to appropriate Congressional committees, as well as
Congressional leaders such as Senator Durbin who are advancing legislation in this area.
Further, we will circulate the resolution to the appropriate individuals at the WHO, the
World Federation of Public Health Associations, the World Bank, the International
Monetary Fund, and similar organizations. We will also circulate the resolutions on
various list serves that follow these issues.

We were unsuccessful passing a resolution last December to limit the aggressive
recruitment by U.S. health care employers of health professionals trained in low-income
countries. We were unable to persuade the APHA governing council with the language
we proposed. The Advocacy Committee, therefore, has worked with our critics to
advance a re-worded resolution that we introduced March 15, and that will be considered
by the Governing Board in November, 2006. We're told our proposal is posted to the
APHA "members only" website. We're supposed to be able to review all proposed
policies there and submit comments to the Joint Policy Committee; I'll let people know

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how to do that when I figure it out.

In other action, the IH Section has signed on to the ―Urgent Call for U.S. Initiative on
Health Workforce in AIDS-Impacted Countries,‖ whose introduction says: ―(January 1
2006) The critical shortage of health care workers and weak health systems is the key
bottleneck to scaling up access to AIDS treatment. While the needs of individual
countries must be determined locally, experts estimate that sub-Saharan Africa needs at
least 1 million new health workers to meet essential health needs. Sustained commitment
and creative action are necessary to develop and support the health workforce needed to
secure the right to health and achieve universal access to AIDS treatment by 2010, as
well as other international health goals. We urge the President of the United States and
Members of Congress to lead a global health workforce initiative in AIDS ravaged

Amy Hagopian, MHA, PhD
University of Washington
4311 11th Av. NE #205
Box 354982, Seattle WA 98195
Phones: (206) 685-3676 reaches secretary; 616-4989 reaches my desk; 706-0989 is my
home Fax: 616-4990

For almost eight years, being the Editor of the International Health (IH) Section
Newsletter has been a privilege and at the same time a real challenge. A privilege because
it has given me the opportunity to serve our Association, although in a miniscule way,
through the development of each Newsletter, which aimed to strengthen the
communication channels between and among IH Section Members. Also, it has provided
me with the opportunity to know better each one of you as well as to meet new
colleagues. A challenge because of the great difficulties to seek and obtain timely
submissions for each issue of the Newsletters, as each of the IH Section Members,
including myself, are on the road most of the time due to their work commitments.
During this time, I am proud to note that only two issues were not finalized on time,
which unfortunately includes the Fall 2006 Issue.

In accordance to the APHA Readership Statistics the Views and Visits to the IH Section
Newsletter were similar to other Sections, thus it is important to continue this effort to
strengthen the communication network. As a brief reminder, the IH Section Newsletter is
published twice a year. The deadline for the Spring Issue is April 15 and for the Fall
Issue is July 15. Submissions should not exceed 400 words and should be presented as
Times New Roman, Font Size 12. You are invited and encouraged to submit material for
inclusion in the next issues of the Newsletter.

--Josefa Ippolito-Shepherd, PhD, E-mail: ippolitj@paho.org

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--Mary Anne Mercer, IH Nominations Committee Chair

The 2006 election of officers was held with 13.4% of members voting (compared to
nearly 15.7% organization-wide). Efforts are needed in future years to ‗get out the vote‘
and also continually to encourage a new pool of IH leaders to run for office. Results


Amy Hagopian, PhD, MHA

Section Council:
Hélène Carabin, DVM, MSc, PhD
Alfonso Rosales, MD, MPH-TM

Governing Council:
Luis Benavente, MD, MsC
Elvira Beracochea, MD, MPH
Gopal Sankaran, MD, DrPH, MNAMS, CHES
Sarah Shannon, BS

Attempts to develop a strong student representation on this IH section committee did not
yield the desired outcomes. Although attempts were made to recruit student
representatives, it was found that students who had volunteered for the committee at the
last annual meeting were now employed and otherwise occupied; and, new students were
involved in the new academic year and reluctant to commit any volunteer time. An
alternative approach is recommended in 2007 – asking academic members of the IH
section to recommend a student from their respective schools, and both teacher and
student become members of the committee. The section website will be used to initiate
this approach in the coming year.

A positive collaboration was established this year with the Global Health Council's
student advocacy group. They have identified that students are primarily looking for
mentors and connections to people currently working in international health.

For sustainability, last year's efforts on establishing a Student Award in International
Health was integrated this year into the regular work of the IH section's Awards
Committee. This will free the Student and Young Professionals Committee in 2007 to

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concentrate on two pressing student concerns: 1) linkage with section members active in
field work; and 2) survey of undergraduate courses in international health.

-- Luis Tam, luis.tam@planusa.org, Dory Storms, dstorms@jhsph.edu, and Bryn
Sakagawa, bsakagawa@usaid.gov

The membership committee currently monitors the membership of the IH Section on a
quarterly basis. There has been a slight decline in membership over the last few years,
mostly due to members not renewing. The highest membership count this year was 1463.
The membership committee is currently trying to establish a system of emailing those
who did not renew and encouraging them to both renew and become active in our
Section. Many people have been joining the Section each quarter and a big challenge is
reaching out to the new and inactive members to engage them in our activities.

The membership committee seeks the help of the leadership and active members to
encourage their colleagues to join and/or get involved. This committee also solicits
information about specific activities in each committee and details of what help is
needed; this information can then be shared through membership emails and personal

The membership committee consists of one chair (after several years without one) and
now needs a co-chair and others for support.

Goals for 2007:
   1. Send welcome email to all new IH Section members each quarter.
   2. Send email to all lapsed members each quarter.
   3. Identify co-chair and other committee members.

If you are interested in joining this committee or becoming co-chair, please contact:
Alison Gernand at agernand@jhsph.edu

--Alison Gernand

A request for nominations for the 2006 IH awards was circulated throughout the section,
posted on the section website, and solicited from key partners in international health. The
call resulted in a number of excellent candidates. The final list of awardees was made
after review of the nominations, seconding letters and candidate resumes.

The process for student awards differed. The award for student presentation followed the
process established by the Student Committee in 2005. Invitations to the competition
were sent to student authors of the highest scoring abstracts selected among all abstracts
for the 2006 annual meeting. These students were invited to submit power-point
presentations of the talk he/she would be giving at the annual meeting. The 2006 Student

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Award for Presentation was given to the presentation which was scored highest on the
criteria of consistency, relevance, clarity of presentation.

In addition, this year a special award is being given to a student for her outstanding
contribution to current public health practice. The selection process for this award
involved a strong letter of recommendation from the section award solicitation, a
seconding letter and resume, and evidence of the contribution to ongoing practice in
several countries. It is remarkable that a student's work is of such immediate and
widespread usefulness, and the Awards Committee is proud to recognize this unique

The Awards Committee is very grateful for the help of section members and partners in
securing a site and financial assistance for the 2006 Awards Night.

The International Health section awards for 2006 go to the following individuals:

 2006 Student Awards in International Health
Ms. Bethany Hedt (Harvard School of Public Health) for her outstanding contribution to
current public health practice. According to the evaluation panel, ―Ms. Hedt resolved a
statistical concern that is immensely important to community health‘s monitoring and
evaluation. She took the LQAS method and adapted it to Large Countries. It is an
integration of cluster sampling and LQAS which reduces the total national sample size to
an even smaller number. With this contribution LQAS can be scaled up to national levels.
The World Bank has used this approach in Kenya, Eritrea and soon in Nigeria‖.

Dr. Robert Clark (Brigham Young University) for the outstanding quality of the paper
“Addressing Asphyxia: A Simplified Skill-Based Approach to Resuscitation Training“. In
this paper, to be presented at the 2006 Annual Meeting of the American Public Health
Association, ―Dr. Clark discusses a successful transfer of skills and knowledge regarding
methods for preventing an important problem – neonatal death in resource constrained
settings. His assessment of such skills training in several developing countries
demonstrated that simplified resuscitation training could be done with front-line health
workers. The assessment was rigorous, including pre- and post tests, and taking into
account knowledge and skills of instructors as well as students‖.

2006 Mid-Career Awards in International Health
Theresa Shaver, MPH, RNM for dedicating her professional career and personal life to
making pregnancy, delivery and motherhood a safe and life-enhancing experience for
women throughout the world. She is a skilled, compassionate practitioner who has used
her first-hand knowledge of midwifery and of the unwarranted risks faced by millions of
women who give birth under difficult circumstances, to mount an unprecedented global
advocacy effort in support of safe motherhood. Ms. Shaver has been at the helm of the
White Ribbon Alliance (WRA) for Safe Motherhood since its inception in 1999. National
policies and international dialogue have been enhanced through the work of the WRA,
and through Ms. Shaver‘s personal efforts.

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 Clyde ―Lanny‖ Smith, MD, MPH, DTMH for his tireless advocacy to the right to health,
community primary health care, social justice in health care and human dignity. Along
with remarkable community service in El Salvador, Dr. Smith has founded Doctors for
Global Health (DGH), a US-based volunteer organization promoting health and human
rights through local education and community projects. He has mentored hundreds of
medical students and residents on social justice and human rights in developing countries
and in the United States.

 2006 Outstanding Service Award in International Health
Theo Lippeveld, MD, MD, DTMPH for his leadership in revitalizing the routine
information system in the developing countries. Dr. Lippeveld's contribution is the use of
these systems to improve transparency and accountability in the decision making process
and to addresses governance related issues. Through his work, he has built champions
and supporters that are taking forward his mission and efforts for improving the health
reporting system. He has also made significant contributions in the field of public health
and health programming for over 20 years. His accomplishments include designing and
managing health programs globally, at the country level and in diverse situations.
Throughout his career, he has demonstrated superior leadership in working,
collaborating, and networking with diverse constituencies, including host-country
officials, technical staff of the public sector, NGOs, and bilateral and multilateral

2006 Lifetime Achievement Award in International Health
Richard Morrow, MD, MPH for his significant contributions in the areas of tropical
diseases, quality assurance, and the measurement of burden of disease. Dr. Morrow's
most important legacy will be his groundbreaking work in bringing quality assurance to
the field of international health. Dr. Morrow has brought a rigor to the way in which
decisions are made about how limited international health resources should be allocated
and managed. As part of his quality assurance work, Dr. Morrow developed standardized
tools for planning and managing international health programs. He played a key role in
the development of QALYs, DALYs, and HeaLYs to measure the burden of disease and
in standards for emergency obstetric care.

The Awards Committee also recommended new members which the IH Section Chair
approved. They include: Luis Tam, Chair, Ellen Coates (eacsail,@yahoo.com), Gretchen
Berggren (Gberggren@aol.com), Beth Jere (elizabethjere@yahoo.com), Anbrasi
Edwards(aedwards(@jhsph.edu), Mary Carnell (mcarnell@healtheth.org.et), Bart
Burkhalter,(bburkhal.aed.org), David Sack (dsack@icddrb.org), Nancy Pielemier
(nancy_Pielemeier@abtassoc.com), Peter Millar(pmillard@emh.org), Paul Bolton
(pbolton@bu.edu), Robb Davis (rdavis@mcc.org), Theo Lippeveld (tlippeveld@jsi.com).

--Luis Tam and Dory Storms

Section, SPIG and Caucus Collaboration

International Health Section Annual Reports                                      page 14
Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers                                 November 2006
During the past few annual meetings, the IH section has been recruiting members to
interact with other sections, SPIGs and caucuses. The collaboration, while mainly
informal and subject to the initiative of the IH member, can result in very concrete results
including jointly sponsored sessions at the annual meeting, votes for resolutions, joint
resolutions, etc.. Activities like these can help remind some sections which are more
domestically-oriented, that there are also very important international health issues
related to their topic. Liaising with other sections, SPIGs and Caucuses is a great way for
students to get involved in the IH section and pursue more specific interests represented
by the other group. Below is a current list of IH liaisons. During the annual meeting we
will circulate a list to recruit new IH liaisons for those groups with whom we do not have
member represented. Please consider joining this collaborative activity. Finally,
following the 2006 conference, we will need a new IH member to coordinate this

SECTIONS              IH Liaison                                Their Liaison with IH
Alcohol, Tobacco &
Other Drugs
Chiropractic Health
Community Health                                                Paul Meissner, Director of
Planning and Policy                                             Program Development
Development                                                     pmeissne@montefiore.org
Environment           Eckhard Kleinau
Epidemiology          Fazal Hussain
Food and Nutrition    Sarah Stone-Francisco

                      Alison Gernand
Gerontologic Health   Rose Schneider
HIV/AIDS              Robin Kelley rkelley@apa.org
                      Lynne Lackey

Injury Control and    Adnan Hyder                               Janet Holden
Emergency Health      ahyder@jhsph.edu                          JanetHolden@sbcglobal.net
Maternal and Child    Miriam Labbok
Health                mlabbok@unicef.org
MCH IH group          Rachel True
Medical Care          Mary Ann Mercer
Mental Health                                                   Richard Beinecke
Occupational Health   Amy Hagopian                              Mary Miller
and Safety            hagopian@u.washington.edu
Oral Health                                                     Dyan Campbell

International Health Section Annual Reports                                       page 15
Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers                                  November 2006
Podiatric Health
Population, Family    Curt Swezy
Planning and          cswezy@cox.net
Reproductive Health   Tamarah Moss
Public Health         Josefa Ippolito-Shepard
Education and         ippolitj@paho.org
Health Promotion
Public Health         Donna Barry                     Louise Ivanov
Nursing               djbarry@earthlink.net
School Health
Education and
Social Work
Vision Care

Alternative and
Health Practices
Community Health      Andrea Leinberger-Jabari, MPH
Workers               aleinberger@mihv.org
Ethics Forum          Beth Rivin
Disability Forum      Sarah Shannon
Health Law Forum      Michele Forzley
                      Samir Banoob
Veterinary Public

Academic Public       Maggie Huff-Rousselle
Health Caucus         mhuffrousselle@ssds.net
American Indian,      Lynne Lackey
Alaska Native &
Native Hawaiian
Asian Pacific         Lisa Noguchi
Islander Caucus       lnoguchi@mail.ma
Black Caucus of                                       Annette Johnson
Health Workers
Community-Based       Paul Freeman
Public Health
Health Equity and
Public Hospital
Caucus on

International Health Section Annual Reports                                page 16
Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers                           November 2006
Labor Caucus
Latino Caucus          Anamarie Garces de Marcilla
Lesbian, Gay,
Bisexual and
Peace Caucus           Richard Garfield
Caucus on Public       Nadine Walker
Health and the Faith
Public Health
Student Caucus
Caucus on Refugee
and Immigrant
Socialist Caucus       Donna Barry                            Tim Holtz
                       djbarry@earthlink.net                  Lanny Smith
Spirit of 1848         Tony Casas
Vietnam Caucus
Women’s Caucus
Staff Liason           Samir Banoob

--Donna Barry

Colgate-Palmolive Grant for Research on Behavioral Hygiene
In February 2006, three grants of $10,000 each were awarded to successful applicants
from Tibet, Colombia and Peru. In September all three candidates presented progress
reports. Two of these projects are progressing well and on schedule. The third project is
running behind schedule due to local circumstances. A six-month extension has been
granted to this third project. Catalina Lopez, who is doing her research in Colombia,
gave an excellent presentation of her preliminary results at the 11th World Congress on
Public Health in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in August.

The second round of the grant was advertised widely in June. So far over 60 requests for
guidelines have been sent in from all over the world, and two completed proposals have
been received. The deadline for submission of proposals is the 17th November.

11th World Congress on Public Health in Rio de Janeiro
Henry Perry and Paul Freeman were invited to present papers at this Congress in Rio de
Janeiro last August. Henry Perry presented a paper entitled ―Searchers Who Are
Improving Health in the Midst of Poverty‖ at a session on Poverty and Health. Paul
Freeman‘s paper was entitled ―The Case for Research to Promote Evidence-Based Global
Health.‖ Copies of these papers are available on the CBPHC website.

International Health Section Annual Reports                                      page 17
Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers                                 November 2006
Workshop on Community-Based Primary Health Care 4 November 2006
The Working Groups 8th annual pre-APHA workshop will be held on Saturday
November 4 in Boston. The theme of the workshop is: "Filling the Gaps to Achieving the
Millennium Development Goals: What Results Can Community-Based Primary Health
Care Approaches Show?" We have 65 persons registered at present. Jean Capps, RN, is
coordinating this workshop with the assistance of Henry Perry and Ketan Chitnis, who is
serving as Registrar. Presentations will be given by Iain Aitken (Management Sciences
for Health), Laura Altobelli (Future Generations/Peru), Jack and Nancy Bryant
(independent public health consultants), Shamin Jahan (Concern/Bangladesh), Eric
Swedberg (Save the Children USA), and Carl Taylor (Johns Hopkins University and
Future Generations/Afghanistan).

Systematic Review of the Effectiveness of CBPHC in Improving Child Health
Dr. Henry Perry, Dr. Paul Freeman, and Dr. Sundeep Gupta are providing leadership for
this systematic review. The Working Group has received a $10,000 grant from the World
Health Organization and recently a $20,000 grant from UNICEF to facilitate this review,
which will be completed in March 2007. A distinguished Expert Review Panel chaired by
Dr. Carl Taylor of Johns Hopkins University and Future Generations has been assembled
to guide the review. UNICEF has agreed to fund a face-to-face meeting of the panel upon
the completion of the review and convene a high-profile meeting on international health
leaders to share the results and the recommendations of the Expert Review Panel. This
will probably take place in April 2007 in New York City. We now have 34 volunteer
reviewers and several of these are now beginning to work more intensively for pay with
funds made from possible from UNICEF.

Listserve and Website
The listserve has been gradually growing, and now has approximately 200 people on it.
This is being maintained by Dr. Ketan Chitnis. The Working Group's website on the
International Health Section webpage has been recently updated by Dr. Paul Freeman.

-- Henry Perry and Paul Freeman, Co-Chairs, and Connie Gates, Secretary

The committee conducted the following activities during the year since the last Annual
Meeting: (1) organizing an invited session for the 2006 Annual Meeting; (2) placing the
briefs produced by the committee for the 2005 Annual Meeting on the IH Section
Website; (3) attempting to have the briefs mentioned in the previous point accepted by
APHA overall; (4) liaising with the working group on trade and health organized by the
Medical Care Section; and (5) attempting to set up a meeting between APHA
representatives and the US Trade Representative.

International Health Section Annual Reports                                    page 18
Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers                               November 2006
The committee was successful in organizing the invited session. It is titled, ―Trade
Agreements and Trade Issues Affecting Developing Countries‖. It will feature three
speakers, Dr. Timothy Holtz, ―Transnational Corporations and Human Rights‖, Dr. Nick
Drager, ―Towards Policy Coherence in Trade and Health‖, and Dr. Donald Ziegler,
―Trade Agreements: A Potential ‗Perfect Storm‘ of Alcohol Related Problems in
Developing Nations‖. It will take place Monday, November 6, 2:00-4:30 pm.

The committee placed the briefs that it produced for the 2005 Annual Meeting on the IH
website. The three briefs cover APHA policies on trade and health, the World Health
Organization and trade, and the World Trade Organization and health.

The committee asked Barbara Hatcher, the APHA staff liaison to the section to find out
the procedures to have the briefs be considered for endorsement by the Association as a
whole. She still is looking into this question.

Committee member Mary Anne Mercer served as our liaison to the working group on
trade and health organized by the Medical Care Section. She participated in most of the
monthly telephone calls of the working group.

Incoming APHA President Deborah Klein Walker had some personal connection to the
former US Trade Representative, Rob Porter. The committee asked Walker to try to set
up a meeting between the USTR and APHA leadership to see whether there were ways
that APHA could participate in representing health issues in the USTR‘s advisory
committees. However, Mr. Porter took another position in the Administration and was
replaced. Walker continued to try to pursue a meeting with the new USTR, Susan
Schwab, but has not yet been successful.

The committee comprises: Marty Makinen, Chair; Logan Brenzel; Michele Forzley;
Mary Anne Mercer; and Rick Yoder.

The committee provided an oral report on its activities at the mid-year meeting of the IH
Section just prior to the Global Health Council Meeting in May. It also asked for others
in the Section interested in participating to join the committee. No one asked to join.

--Marty Makinen

The Northwest International Health Action Coalition (NIHAC) is a Seattle-based group
that aims to create awareness of major factors that affect the health of populations
worldwide, and the links between global and local health issues. The group formed with
the support of a mini-grant from APHA in 1998, and has had educational and advocacy-
oriented sessions for the Seattle and university communities on a regular basis since then.
When possible the educational sessions are combined with a planned ‗action‘ or
advocacy effort related to the program. Governance is by a steering committee of 5 or 6

International Health Section Annual Reports                                       page 19
Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers                                  November 2006
members, including a student member, which plans sessions with input from the

A NIHAC listserve of nearly 200 and web site also provide information to the
membership about Seattle-area events and issues relevant to global health. The web site is
http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/nihac/ We have recently placed a greater focus on
using the web site to inform members, most of whom are outside the university
community, about issues and Seattle-area events related to global health.

Recent programs have included a film and discussion on human rights in East Timor, Dr.
Wajdy Hailoo on environmental health in Iraq, and Dr. Mustafa Barghouthi on
approaches to improving health in Palestine.

--Mary Anne Mercer

Dr. Barbara Hatcher assumed the position of Interim Secretary General of the World
Federation of Public Health Associations (WFPHA) in September 2005. This past year
has been an extremely busy one for WFPHA and the Interim Secretary General because,
in addition to major events, including the 11th World Congress on Public Health, much
time needed to be spent on becoming oriented to the responsibilities of the position and
the work of the organization.

The highlight of the past year was the 11th World Congress on Public Health, which took
place August 21 –25, 2006 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The WFPHA Secretariat worked
closely with the Brazilian member association, ABRASCO, to host the Congress. With
approximately 12,000 participants, this Congress was the largest in WFPHA‘s history
and considered a huge success. The majority of participants were Brazilian, with
approximately 800 international participants from 77 countries. The theme guiding the
Congress was ―Public Health in a Globalized World: breaking down social, economic,
and political barriers.‖

The opening ceremony featured a panel of distinguished Brazilian and international
speakers who introduced the themes of the Congress and set the stage for the discussion
to follow throughout the course of the Congress. Brazilian President Luiz Inácio da Silva
underlined the importance of Brazil‘s Universal Health System as an integral component
of Brazil‘s social policy and offered that it could serve as a model for other developing
countries to promote social inclusion and improved health of the citizenry. Other
important guest speakers included Dr. Mirta Roses, Director of the Pan-American Health
Organization (PAHO). She encouraged using this opportunity to examine how to build a
more equitable world in the face of global challenges, wars, and biological threats.
WFPHA President Dr. Cuauhtemoc Ruiz Matus talked about breaking down international
barriers by using public health as both a science and a social movement.

International Health Section Annual Reports                                      page 20
Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers                                 November 2006
While the Opening Ceremony placed great emphasis on promoting equity in public
health, the great debates, plenaries, panels, lectures, oral sessions, and posters continued
to examine the four sub-themes of the Congress, which included:
     Global Action on the Social Determinants of Health
     Global Governance, Citizen Participation, and the Right to Health
     Promoting Equitable Healthcare Systems in a Competitive World
     New Frontiers in Science and Technology

WFPHA honored Paulo Buss from the Brazilian institute of Fiocruz with the Hugh
Leavell Lecture award and Fiocruz received the Institutional Award. Paulo Buss was
also chosen as WFPHA‘s Vice-President/President-Elect. The conference ended with the
presentation of the Rio Declaration.

In conjunction with the Congress, WFPHA held two Executive Board Meetings, as well
as its Annual Meeting. Several members of APHA attended the meetings. In these
meetings, participants explored the work accomplished by the member associations in the
past year, issues concerning the future of the Federation, and the progress of major
projects like Human Resources for Health and the Framework Convention on Tobacco

In addition to the Congress, some highlights of the past year included networking at
several international events by the Interim Secretary General and the creation of
important partnerships, specifically with the Journal of Public Health Policy and the
Wellcome Trust. The Interim Secretary General finalized a contract with Journal of
Public Health Policy and is working to strengthen the partnership with the WFPHA. The
WFPHA is allocated a number of pages each issue to highlight the public health policy
work of member associations, in addition to various other information. The Wellcome
Trust has committed to a partnership to strengthen and expand the research capacity of
health professionals in ―developing countries.‖ The Wellcome Trust provided funding for
junior researchers to present their research at the 11th World Congress on Public Health.
WFPHA has also been involved in the World Health Organization‘s Knowledge
Management and Global Health Alliance on the Health Workforce programs and
sponsored the Annual Meeting of the Women‘s Foreign Policy group.

Under WFPHA‘s Human Resources for Health program, WFPHA coordinated with the
International Health section‘s Community-Based Primary Health Care (CBPHC)
Working Group to establish an international hygiene promotion research grant program.
Three students received grants last year and a second round is in progress. One of the
students, Catalina Lopez, presented her work at the 11th World Congress on Public

This year concludes with the 2006 APHA Annual Meeting, which will provide an
opportunity for representatives from several WFPHA member associations to participate
in sessions and to network with APHA members. Among those participants are the
current President of the WFPHA, Dr. S.M.Asib Nasim, Public Health Association of
Bangladesh and Senior Project Officer, Health & Nutrition Section, UNICEF, and

International Health Section Annual Reports                                         page 21
Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers                                    November 2006
Andrew Barrer, the new Executive Director of the US Coalition for Child Survival.
Another important event is the Royal Society of Health lecture. In addition to the annual
breakfast that includes several special presentations, the WFPHA will sponsor three
scientific sessions at the 2006 Annual Meeting in Boston.

      International Public Health Education
      Closing the ‗Publishing Gap‘ between rich and poor
      Integrating Biodiversity and Human Health: The U.S. EPA‘s Multidisciplinary
       Approach – This session will be featured as a webcast which will bring the work
       of WFPHA to a wider audience thus, increasing its exposure.
      The 1000 Peace Women Across the Globe exhibit and Neema Mgana from
      Special viewing of Salud, a documentary (Cuba and the Quest for Health)

-- Barbara Hatcher

The Science Board held a retreat on 23 April 2006 where an extensive review of the
mission of the Board, the policy processes at APHA, strategic planning at APHA, and
joint projects with the association were discussed. The need for reviewing the evidence
base for actions and policies at APHA was stressed as critical work of the Science Board.
The Spring meeting was held 24-25 April 2006 and the agenda of the 2006 meeting was
discussed including sessions being organized by the Science Board. In addition, themes
for the 2008 meeting were reviewed and Stanley Weiss and Josh Mott were elected to be
Chair and Vice Chair of the Science Board.

--Adnan A. Hyder, MD MPH PhD (ahyder@jhsph.edu)

International Health Section Annual Reports                                      page 22
Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers                                 November 2006

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