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APHA International Health Section Reports on Section Activities during 2006 by Committee Chairs and Other Section Leaders (These reports will be discussed at the IH Section Business Meeting on Sunday November 5, 2006 at 4:00PM. They are also posted on the IH Section Website, www.apha-ih.org) Table of Contents 1. MESSAGE FROM THE CHAIR ...................................................................................................... 2 2. MESSAGE FROM THE CHAIR ELECT ........................................................................................ 4 3. MESSAGE FROM THE IMMEDIATE PAST CHAIR .................................................................. 6 4. REPORT FROM THE SECRETARY .............................................................................................. 6 5. STRATEGIC PLANNING & MANUAL DEVELOPMENT.......................................................... 7 6. POLICY AND RESOLUTIONS COMMITTEE ............................................................................. 7 7. PHARMACEUTICALS INTEREST GROUP ................................................................................. 7 8. PROGRAM COMMITTEE ............................................................................................................... 8 9. ADVOCACY ....................................................................................................................................... 9 10. SECTION NEWSLETTER ..........................................................................................................10 11. NOMINATIONS COMMITTEE .................................................................................................11 12. STUDENTS AND YOUNG PROFESSIONALS COMMITTEE..............................................11 13. MEMBERSHIP COMMITTEE ..................................................................................................12 14. AWARDS COMMITTEE ............................................................................................................12 15. SECTION, SPIG AND CAUCUS COLLABORATION ............................................................14 16. WORKING GROUP ON COMMUNITY-BASED PRIMARY HEALTH CARE..................17 17. SUMMARY ON IH SECTION COMMITTEE ON TRADE AND HEALTH ........................18 18. NORTHWEST INTERNATIONAL HEALTH ACTION COALITION (NIHAC) ................19 19. WORLD FEDERATION OF PUBLIC HEALTH ASSOCIATIONS ......................................20 20. SCIENCE BOARD........................................................................................................................22 International Health Section Annual Reports page 1 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006 1. MESSAGE FROM THE CHAIR I am proud to have worked with and for you during the last 2 years in the capacity of IH Section Chair—and I will be equally pleased to work with the Section as the Past Chair. I look forward to supporting the in-coming Chair, Samir Banoob, and the Chair-Elect, Miriam Labbok, to continue the efforts that Ray Martin (my predecessor) and I have started which seems to have revitalized the Section and broadened its appeal to public health scientists, practitioners, and students. I should like to take this moment to summarize some of the progress made in the Section that the membership has now institutionalized. First, the Section has now institutionalized the monthly Leadership Phone Call, as a main mechanism through which the Section leadership meets to discuss and develop consensus around priority issues. Although the meeting is chaired by the Section Chairperson, it meets regardless of who is available. Due to my travel schedule I have sometimes not attended the meetings, and I have been gratified to find that another section officer and/or leader chaired the meeting despite my absence. The importance of the monthly Leadership Phone Calls was underscored by a resolution passed by the Section to earmark funds from our operating budget to fund them in perpetuity. I would like to thank Donna Barry and Elvira Beracochea for their enthusiastic and irreplaceable support during the year to maintain the leadership phone calls. Second, the Section has established as special student account (which is now reasonably well funded) to finance Student Awards. During 2006 we established awards for the best student submissions to the conference. This initiative resulted in multiple awards (screened by an independent panel). This year we are establishing the first student award for contributions to public health practice. The student who has been given this award has affected epidemiological practice in Kenya and Nigeria due to her contribution to Biostatistics which refined the LQAS method for application in large countries. Third, the Section is honoring the life‘s work of two public health giants who established and contributed to Community Based Primary Health Care, John Gordon and John Wyon, by presenting an Award in their names. The Award was established by a Section Resolution and will be maintained in perpetuity to honor major contributors to this area of public health science and practice. Fourth, as many of us know, PVO participation in the Section has been very low. This is now changing as promised. The White Ribbon Campaign has now entered the Section as a member organization and with CARE (and hopefully other PVOs) has agreed to establish a working group dedicated to PVO/NGO practice and to formulating policy recommendations informed by community based practice. Fifth, the Section has established a popular Film Series during the Conference. This has aided the Conference to stay in touch with reality during the week long events and also to introduce media as a means to make contributions to public health practice. Much of the International Health Section Annual Reports page 2 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006 credit for this work goes to Betsy Bassan who established this effort and to Malcolm Bryant who has continued to make it excel as an important Section contribution to APHA. Both Betsy and Malcolm have been the Program Chairs during my term – and they have performed to an exceptional standard. Sixth, during November 2005, Dr. Benjamin asked the IH section to coordinate an Association-wide discussion on the topic of health and global trade. In January 2006 the Section recommended that APHA launch a project to (a) educate its broad membership about the issues concerning trade and health, and (b) engage government and other stakeholders in dialogue and advocacy to increase the priority given to public health in trade policy and agreements. IH recommended that this agenda be pursued by: (1) devoting one of the 2005 Annual Meeting Special Sessions to the topic; (2) encouraging Sections to organize Scientific Sessions on trade and health within their programs; (3) asking AJPH to devote at least part of an issue to evidence about trade and health; (4) initiating an ongoing dialogue with the office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR), (5) considering the establishment of a task force or some mechanism within the Association to support ongoing education of the APHA membership on trade and health issues, and (6) seeking support to engage an expert for a year or two to help APHA become a significant player in public health and trade issues. The Section, under the fine coordination of Marty Makinen has support APHA in this area and continues to do so. We are expecting APHA to provide guidance during 2007 about how the Section can continue its contribution in this area. Seventh, the Section has redeveloped its Website to become a useful tool to members and students. The Section should be particularly proud of this achievement as it has now established a mechanism for keeping the membership in contact with actions undertaken by the leadership as well as becoming a means of keeping practitioners and students up to date with tools and methods that support public health practice and science. I am much honored to have been a part of this period marked by an exceptional amount of activity by the Section membership. It is gratifying to see the deep commitment of the leadership and of other membership who engage in Section activities. Yet we need more engagement by the member to shape this Section. No matter what experience you have, if you want to become engaged then we will put you to work. No matter what level of experience you have, if you are committed to public health practice and science then we will respect you and treat you as an equal. No matter what amount of time you are able to commit then we will be grateful to the contribution you make. We value our members and their work and encourage you all to become involved to make this Section more than it currently is. Although we are proud of our achievements, we are all too aware of the work we have yet to do. Joseph Valadez IH Section Chair International Health Section Annual Reports page 3 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006 2. MESSAGE FROM THE CHAIR ELECT It is a great honor and pleasure to return back to serving our section and its members as its 19th chair after serving it from secretary elect to past president for continuing 10 years between 1987-1996, and continued to serve on its leadership team since then. This year is not a transition, but a simple change of some guards with new chair, secretary, and two governing and two section counselors, with a smooth continuity of mission and goals, and activities aiming at strengthening of the section impact and status within APHA and in the international health community. In reviewing our vision, it is useful to indicate that: 1. The Section is a part of APHA and is, or should be, its international arm. This is the difference between us and Global Health Council or other independent similar organizations. This means that we should maximize our integration within APHA and its other sections through task forces and the new forums that are planned by APHA / Intersectional Council to involve other sections interested in issues that cut across sections within APHA. At the same time we need to strengthen the role and impact of APHA within WFPHA( Te World Federation of Public Health Associations) and to connect with other national and international agencies as feasible with emphasis on ASPH, US-AID, WHO/ PAHO, PVO's, NGO's and others , without stretching ourselves too thin. 2. The Section is operating in a great way, and my principle is to keep the momentum of every on going activity, appreciating and supporting each member who is spending an effort, any effort, towards the section goals. I see my role as chair is facilitating these great efforts, and at the same time maximizing the impact of the section within and outside APHA. We should bring back home, the lessons that we learned abroad, including universal coverage, affordable health care, successful family planning and MCH services, child survival and many other successful projects that you plan and implement overseas, which are most needed in our inner cities. At the same time we should assist in maximizing the impact of the funds, governmental and nongovernmental, spent by our country in foreign health projects to ensure its efficiency and sustainability, and to improve the US image globally at these critical times. 3. The impact of the Section is determined by its resources and by its appropriate plans. Plans can be wishful thinking if it exceeds resources, and activities with no plans or directions are simply a waste. The section has less than 1500 members as its only resource (plus $ 4,700 annual budget) , yet less than 40-50 of them are significantly active in serving the section.( Section membership was about 1500 in 1990) Our case is more compounded by two factors: International Health Section Annual Reports page 4 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006 a) While all APHA sections are discipline oriented i.e. one or few specializations, we are a multi specialty section, only geographically oriented, but covers areas from policy and management to MCH, HIV/AIDS to pharmaceuticals and nutrition to mention a few. This requires that we carefully prioritize our plans. Other sections have international interests and expertise. We should make all efforts to recruit those interested members in our section as second section members (called optional non-voting members). b) We are a traveling labor force, meaning that we are frequently out of our offices and towns. This limits our availability for contributing to the Section activities, contrary to many other sections. 4. To deal with this situation of limited and scattered resources. Our strategic options should be: - Expanding and enlarging the general membership (as members or affiliates) - Encouraging more section members to be involved. - Organizing ourselves to be more efficient. In this respect, my suggestions are: A. I am asking EACH COMMITTEE/ TASK FORCE CHAIR TO SELECT A CO-CHAIR TO COVER FOR HER/HIS TRAVEL, AND TO RECRUIT at least 6-7 MEMBERS WHO ARE ABLE AND WILLING TO CONTRIBUTE. Please take the time to make some calls before the meeting, identify potential section ( or other section) members to serve on your committee during the meeting to expand its membership, think about future plans, and let us discuss it during the annual meeting and the Section council meetings. B. I am encouraging each section counselor or governing counselor to serve as a chair or co- chair of at least one committee or task force that needs to be filled. C. The monthly conference call is a great achievement that became very common in all APHA sections and task forces. We will continue it as the FORMAL MONTHLY MEETING of the SECTION COUNCIL that should be open to all the section members. D. Please take some time to review the Section Manual to review its mission, goals, committee structure, position descriptions and its relation with APHA. Great effort was spent on updating this manual that will serve us all. 5. To deal with the section effectiveness, this requires sound strategic planning by the Section and by each committee and task force/working group, and at the same time contributing to, and following APHA strategic planning process. We need to develop a section strategic plan, and a position paper on priority international health issues that will guide APHA actions. International Health Section Annual Reports page 5 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006 To this extent, I am thinking loudly, brain storming, and seeking your input and advice on these general directions until we meet during the annual meeting My best regards to all, Samir N. Banoob, M.D, D.M, DPH, Ph.D. Chair- Elect 3. MESSAGE FROM THE IMMEDIATE PAST CHAIR THE MISTAKE OF BEING TOO BUSY TO BE ACTIVE IN THE IH SECTION Although APHA considers the Immediate Past Chair of a Section as a voting member of the Section Council, its manual does not provide any defined duties for this role. I was pleased to help behind the scenes in a number of IH activities over the past two years and was glad to support Joe Valadez' vigorous leadership in his role as Chair. After the Boston annual meeting, I will have no official function in the Section, but intend to remain active and support Samir and other Section leaders as desired. After a decade of active participation and leadership in the IH Section, I am convinced that many of our 1500 members make a mistake in claiming to be too busy to become actively involved in one Section activity or another. Effectiveness in many international health positions is enhanced by having a broad range of contacts that one can learn from and network with. Active participation in professional agencies like APHA and the Global Health Council is a very useful way to enlarge one's network of associations. Although it is easy to allow the press of the daily in-box to dominate one's attention, I have found that the scores of professional acquaintances and friends introduced to me by active participation in APHA have contributed significantly to my usefulness as a public health professional. This principle applies to students as well. Many young people write off joining or participating actively in APHA. This is a mistake, limiting their professional growth. It pays to start early developing and expanding your network, your professional Rolodex. I have found, too, that most activists in the IH Section are eager to have student participation. The world is open to you. Take advantage of it. Ray Martin Immediate Past Chair 4. REPORT FROM THE SECRETARY At the last APHA conference, I, Elvira Beracochea, assumed as Acting Secretary due to Irshat‘s prolonged TDY. I kept minutes at last year‘s business meetings, and set up and staffed the section‘s booth for several hours every day. The section held teleconference calls monthly and I moderated at times and kept minutes for most calls, except in February and September when I was on TDY or off-site. I also assisted to plan the mid- International Health Section Annual Reports page 6 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006 year meeting, followed up on several issues arising from the calls and mid-year meeting, and worked with Curt Swezy to draft a sympathy message to WHO for Dr. Lee‘s death. I worked with Amy Hagopian and Russell Kingston to update the section‘s website, and I am currently coordinating with Morgan Taylor to migrate the site to the new APHA- sponsored website. I also worked with Donna and Morgan to coordinate the Award Dinner. I assisted to interview candidates for the Global Health Manager position that now Morgan holds. As last year, I have coordinated the collection of member‘s published work to display at our booth. I have represented the Section at the GWU‘s UN week meeting: ―The UN and you: Achieving the Millennium Development Goals‖ on October 26. Elvira Beracochea 5. STRATEGIC PLANNING & MANUAL DEVELOPMENT 6. POLICY AND RESOLUTIONS COMMITTEE The is no report from this Committee for this year. 7. PHARMACEUTICALS INTEREST GROUP The IH Pharmaceuticals Interest Group now has approximately 75 members. The email traffic is quite light, as we are not duplicating other groups (e.g. E-drug). Most of the exchanges are about: articles members have recently published, position papers proposed by other sections or interest groups, and the planned panels at APHA. There will be 4 panels on pharmaceuticals at this year's conference. (I have attached the summary sheet.) this is a major change from the year the IH Rx Interest Group was formed, only 2 years ago, when there were no panels. There were 2 panels last year. The major increase in the number of pharmaceutical panels has more to do with the major investment the US government is now making in pharmaceuticals than it has to do with the Rx Interest Group, but we are also able to communicate more effectively now about the topic area with other APHA members. From among the group members, I will also be soliciting ideas for a special issue of the International Journal of Health Planning and Management on Pharmaceuticals in developing and transition countries. We will circulate a notice about this during the APHA conference. -- Maggie Huff-Rousselle International Health Section Annual Reports page 7 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006 8. PROGRAM COMMITTEE As new Program organizers, we have had a steep learning curve, but we had guidance from Betsy Bassan and Laura Shahi (the outgoing organizers), and outstanding help and understanding from Donna Wright at APHA. We have put together a program that we think maintains the tradition of sharing state of the art technical information, interesting lessons learned, and new directions in international health. The program start-up was hurried because of the delay and relocation of last year‘s conference. The call for abstracts was due the day following the program planner‘s meeting! The results reflected both our inexperience and the time pressure, and there were some important lessons learned in defining the categories for submission. A few days before the closure date for submission the whole conference was hugely undersubscribed with abstracts. We had only 200 in the IH section. The decision to extend the deadline by a week resulted in that number rising to nearly 500 – clearly authors needed a ‗wake-up call‘. The number of abstracts received was significantly more than in previous years, with the result that we had to recruit additional reviewers to assure that each abstract had a minimum of 3 reviewers. Even then, many reviewers were asked to look at 20 abstracts instead of the promised 15. We have two requests concerning reviewers. Firstly, we are always looking for individuals who would be prepared to review 12 – 15 abstracts in January or February please contact us if you are interested. Secondly, if you commit to be a reviewer please do the work or at least let us know you cannot follow through! It is not fair to authors to have reviewers neglect their role and jeopardize a fair evaluation. We were ably assisted by a small but helpful program committee: Meiling Wang, Samir Banoob, Marty Makinen, Betsy Bassan, John Pollock, Donna Barry, Carol Dabbs, Beth Riven, Amy Hagopian, Diana Silimperi, Manjiri Bhawalkar, and Leornard Rubenstein. Together we put together a program with a total of 41 panel sessions, and 8 poster sessions. Because of the high number of abstracts, we limited the number of invited sessions to enable more high quality papers to be presented. In the final program we have 150 scientific papers and 75 posters being presented. Authors come from across the US and around the world. We will also be continuing with the film festival this year. Amy Hill has done a phenomenal job in an all volunteer role to review more than 30 film submitted and bring them down to 8 films that will be presented in 5 sessions. The IH section leads the way for the film festival. It is a major challenge to put this conference on every year. The IH section is the second largest section in the Association, presenting as many papers and posters as the entire GHC conference. None of this would be possible without the support of the program committee, the section leadership, and the membership. Thank-you to all. Malcolm Bryant email@example.com 617-250-9228 International Health Section Annual Reports page 8 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006 Maryellen Glennon firstname.lastname@example.org 617-250-9138 9. ADVOCACY The Advocacy Committee identified four priorities for action this year. 1) Promote aid harmonization by supporting the ―three ones‖ (one plan, one coordinating body, one monitoring and evaluation system as per the 4/25/04 agreement), and advancing the principles of the Paris High-Level Forum on Enhanced Aid Effectiveness (3/2/05). 2) Build health workforce capacity in low-income countries. This includes removing lender-imposed limits on health and education expenditures in indebted poor countries, and limiting the flight of health professionals from low-income countries. 3) Ensure U.S. policy is aimed at advancing a humanitarian agenda as its top priority. This includes opposing the U.S. ―Global Gag Rule‖ and other policies that interfere with health promotion and health care delivery in poor countries. It also includes advocating for the PEPFAR budget and lifting the limit on U.S. contributions to the Global Fund. 4) Identify other opportunities for international health advocacy as they arise. Recent activities The Advocacy Committee wrote a letter to the editor of the New York Times (see below, unpublished) opposing Bush Administration cuts to the U.S. budget for international family planning. We worked with APHA staffer Kate Sweeney to publicize our resolution adopted by the APHA governing council (12/05). The resolution opposed health and education spending limits imposed on indebted countries by lenders. We are writing a cover letter to the resolution, and will be circulating it to appropriate Congressional committees, as well as Congressional leaders such as Senator Durbin who are advancing legislation in this area. Further, we will circulate the resolution to the appropriate individuals at the WHO, the World Federation of Public Health Associations, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and similar organizations. We will also circulate the resolutions on various list serves that follow these issues. We were unsuccessful passing a resolution last December to limit the aggressive recruitment by U.S. health care employers of health professionals trained in low-income countries. We were unable to persuade the APHA governing council with the language we proposed. The Advocacy Committee, therefore, has worked with our critics to advance a re-worded resolution that we introduced March 15, and that will be considered by the Governing Board in November, 2006. We're told our proposal is posted to the APHA "members only" website. We're supposed to be able to review all proposed policies there and submit comments to the Joint Policy Committee; I'll let people know International Health Section Annual Reports page 9 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006 how to do that when I figure it out. In other action, the IH Section has signed on to the ―Urgent Call for U.S. Initiative on Health Workforce in AIDS-Impacted Countries,‖ whose introduction says: ―(January 1 2006) The critical shortage of health care workers and weak health systems is the key bottleneck to scaling up access to AIDS treatment. While the needs of individual countries must be determined locally, experts estimate that sub-Saharan Africa needs at least 1 million new health workers to meet essential health needs. Sustained commitment and creative action are necessary to develop and support the health workforce needed to secure the right to health and achieve universal access to AIDS treatment by 2010, as well as other international health goals. We urge the President of the United States and Members of Congress to lead a global health workforce initiative in AIDS ravaged countries.‖ Amy Hagopian, MHA, PhD University of Washington 4311 11th Av. NE #205 Box 354982, Seattle WA 98195 Phones: (206) 685-3676 reaches secretary; 616-4989 reaches my desk; 706-0989 is my home Fax: 616-4990 Hagopian@u.washington.edu 10.SECTION NEWSLETTER For almost eight years, being the Editor of the International Health (IH) Section Newsletter has been a privilege and at the same time a real challenge. A privilege because it has given me the opportunity to serve our Association, although in a miniscule way, through the development of each Newsletter, which aimed to strengthen the communication channels between and among IH Section Members. Also, it has provided me with the opportunity to know better each one of you as well as to meet new colleagues. A challenge because of the great difficulties to seek and obtain timely submissions for each issue of the Newsletters, as each of the IH Section Members, including myself, are on the road most of the time due to their work commitments. During this time, I am proud to note that only two issues were not finalized on time, which unfortunately includes the Fall 2006 Issue. In accordance to the APHA Readership Statistics the Views and Visits to the IH Section Newsletter were similar to other Sections, thus it is important to continue this effort to strengthen the communication network. As a brief reminder, the IH Section Newsletter is published twice a year. The deadline for the Spring Issue is April 15 and for the Fall Issue is July 15. Submissions should not exceed 400 words and should be presented as Times New Roman, Font Size 12. You are invited and encouraged to submit material for inclusion in the next issues of the Newsletter. --Josefa Ippolito-Shepherd, PhD, E-mail: email@example.com International Health Section Annual Reports page 10 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006 11.NOMINATIONS COMMITTEE --Mary Anne Mercer, IH Nominations Committee Chair The 2006 election of officers was held with 13.4% of members voting (compared to nearly 15.7% organization-wide). Efforts are needed in future years to ‗get out the vote‘ and also continually to encourage a new pool of IH leaders to run for office. Results were: Chair-Elect: Miriam Labbok, MD, MPH, MMS, BA, FACPM, IBCLC, FABM Secretary-Elect: Amy Hagopian, PhD, MHA Section Council: Hélène Carabin, DVM, MSc, PhD Alfonso Rosales, MD, MPH-TM Governing Council: Luis Benavente, MD, MsC Elvira Beracochea, MD, MPH Gopal Sankaran, MD, DrPH, MNAMS, CHES Sarah Shannon, BS 12.STUDENTS AND YOUNG PROFESSIONALS COMMITTEE Attempts to develop a strong student representation on this IH section committee did not yield the desired outcomes. Although attempts were made to recruit student representatives, it was found that students who had volunteered for the committee at the last annual meeting were now employed and otherwise occupied; and, new students were involved in the new academic year and reluctant to commit any volunteer time. An alternative approach is recommended in 2007 – asking academic members of the IH section to recommend a student from their respective schools, and both teacher and student become members of the committee. The section website will be used to initiate this approach in the coming year. A positive collaboration was established this year with the Global Health Council's student advocacy group. They have identified that students are primarily looking for mentors and connections to people currently working in international health. For sustainability, last year's efforts on establishing a Student Award in International Health was integrated this year into the regular work of the IH section's Awards Committee. This will free the Student and Young Professionals Committee in 2007 to International Health Section Annual Reports page 11 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006 concentrate on two pressing student concerns: 1) linkage with section members active in field work; and 2) survey of undergraduate courses in international health. -- Luis Tam, firstname.lastname@example.org, Dory Storms, email@example.com, and Bryn Sakagawa, firstname.lastname@example.org 13. MEMBERSHIP COMMITTEE The membership committee currently monitors the membership of the IH Section on a quarterly basis. There has been a slight decline in membership over the last few years, mostly due to members not renewing. The highest membership count this year was 1463. The membership committee is currently trying to establish a system of emailing those who did not renew and encouraging them to both renew and become active in our Section. Many people have been joining the Section each quarter and a big challenge is reaching out to the new and inactive members to engage them in our activities. The membership committee seeks the help of the leadership and active members to encourage their colleagues to join and/or get involved. This committee also solicits information about specific activities in each committee and details of what help is needed; this information can then be shared through membership emails and personal interaction. The membership committee consists of one chair (after several years without one) and now needs a co-chair and others for support. Goals for 2007: 1. Send welcome email to all new IH Section members each quarter. 2. Send email to all lapsed members each quarter. 3. Identify co-chair and other committee members. If you are interested in joining this committee or becoming co-chair, please contact: Alison Gernand at email@example.com --Alison Gernand 14. AWARDS COMMITTEE A request for nominations for the 2006 IH awards was circulated throughout the section, posted on the section website, and solicited from key partners in international health. The call resulted in a number of excellent candidates. The final list of awardees was made after review of the nominations, seconding letters and candidate resumes. The process for student awards differed. The award for student presentation followed the process established by the Student Committee in 2005. Invitations to the competition were sent to student authors of the highest scoring abstracts selected among all abstracts for the 2006 annual meeting. These students were invited to submit power-point presentations of the talk he/she would be giving at the annual meeting. The 2006 Student International Health Section Annual Reports page 12 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006 Award for Presentation was given to the presentation which was scored highest on the criteria of consistency, relevance, clarity of presentation. In addition, this year a special award is being given to a student for her outstanding contribution to current public health practice. The selection process for this award involved a strong letter of recommendation from the section award solicitation, a seconding letter and resume, and evidence of the contribution to ongoing practice in several countries. It is remarkable that a student's work is of such immediate and widespread usefulness, and the Awards Committee is proud to recognize this unique contribution. The Awards Committee is very grateful for the help of section members and partners in securing a site and financial assistance for the 2006 Awards Night. The International Health section awards for 2006 go to the following individuals: 2006 Student Awards in International Health Ms. Bethany Hedt (Harvard School of Public Health) for her outstanding contribution to current public health practice. According to the evaluation panel, ―Ms. Hedt resolved a statistical concern that is immensely important to community health‘s monitoring and evaluation. She took the LQAS method and adapted it to Large Countries. It is an integration of cluster sampling and LQAS which reduces the total national sample size to an even smaller number. With this contribution LQAS can be scaled up to national levels. The World Bank has used this approach in Kenya, Eritrea and soon in Nigeria‖. Dr. Robert Clark (Brigham Young University) for the outstanding quality of the paper “Addressing Asphyxia: A Simplified Skill-Based Approach to Resuscitation Training“. In this paper, to be presented at the 2006 Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association, ―Dr. Clark discusses a successful transfer of skills and knowledge regarding methods for preventing an important problem – neonatal death in resource constrained settings. His assessment of such skills training in several developing countries demonstrated that simplified resuscitation training could be done with front-line health workers. The assessment was rigorous, including pre- and post tests, and taking into account knowledge and skills of instructors as well as students‖. 2006 Mid-Career Awards in International Health Theresa Shaver, MPH, RNM for dedicating her professional career and personal life to making pregnancy, delivery and motherhood a safe and life-enhancing experience for women throughout the world. She is a skilled, compassionate practitioner who has used her first-hand knowledge of midwifery and of the unwarranted risks faced by millions of women who give birth under difficult circumstances, to mount an unprecedented global advocacy effort in support of safe motherhood. Ms. Shaver has been at the helm of the White Ribbon Alliance (WRA) for Safe Motherhood since its inception in 1999. National policies and international dialogue have been enhanced through the work of the WRA, and through Ms. Shaver‘s personal efforts. International Health Section Annual Reports page 13 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006 Clyde ―Lanny‖ Smith, MD, MPH, DTMH for his tireless advocacy to the right to health, community primary health care, social justice in health care and human dignity. Along with remarkable community service in El Salvador, Dr. Smith has founded Doctors for Global Health (DGH), a US-based volunteer organization promoting health and human rights through local education and community projects. He has mentored hundreds of medical students and residents on social justice and human rights in developing countries and in the United States. 2006 Outstanding Service Award in International Health Theo Lippeveld, MD, MD, DTMPH for his leadership in revitalizing the routine information system in the developing countries. Dr. Lippeveld's contribution is the use of these systems to improve transparency and accountability in the decision making process and to addresses governance related issues. Through his work, he has built champions and supporters that are taking forward his mission and efforts for improving the health reporting system. He has also made significant contributions in the field of public health and health programming for over 20 years. His accomplishments include designing and managing health programs globally, at the country level and in diverse situations. Throughout his career, he has demonstrated superior leadership in working, collaborating, and networking with diverse constituencies, including host-country officials, technical staff of the public sector, NGOs, and bilateral and multilateral organizations. 2006 Lifetime Achievement Award in International Health Richard Morrow, MD, MPH for his significant contributions in the areas of tropical diseases, quality assurance, and the measurement of burden of disease. Dr. Morrow's most important legacy will be his groundbreaking work in bringing quality assurance to the field of international health. Dr. Morrow has brought a rigor to the way in which decisions are made about how limited international health resources should be allocated and managed. As part of his quality assurance work, Dr. Morrow developed standardized tools for planning and managing international health programs. He played a key role in the development of QALYs, DALYs, and HeaLYs to measure the burden of disease and in standards for emergency obstetric care. The Awards Committee also recommended new members which the IH Section Chair approved. They include: Luis Tam, Chair, Ellen Coates (eacsail,@yahoo.com), Gretchen Berggren (Gberggren@aol.com), Beth Jere (firstname.lastname@example.org), Anbrasi Edwards(aedwards(@jhsph.edu), Mary Carnell (email@example.com), Bart Burkhalter,(bburkhal.aed.org), David Sack (firstname.lastname@example.org), Nancy Pielemier (nancy_Pielemeier@abtassoc.com), Peter Millar(email@example.com), Paul Bolton (firstname.lastname@example.org), Robb Davis (email@example.com), Theo Lippeveld (firstname.lastname@example.org). --Luis Tam and Dory Storms 15.SECTION, SPIG AND CAUCUS COLLABORATION Section, SPIG and Caucus Collaboration International Health Section Annual Reports page 14 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006 During the past few annual meetings, the IH section has been recruiting members to interact with other sections, SPIGs and caucuses. The collaboration, while mainly informal and subject to the initiative of the IH member, can result in very concrete results including jointly sponsored sessions at the annual meeting, votes for resolutions, joint resolutions, etc.. Activities like these can help remind some sections which are more domestically-oriented, that there are also very important international health issues related to their topic. Liaising with other sections, SPIGs and Caucuses is a great way for students to get involved in the IH section and pursue more specific interests represented by the other group. Below is a current list of IH liaisons. During the annual meeting we will circulate a list to recruit new IH liaisons for those groups with whom we do not have member represented. Please consider joining this collaborative activity. Finally, following the 2006 conference, we will need a new IH member to coordinate this initiative. SECTIONS IH Liaison Their Liaison with IH Alcohol, Tobacco & Other Drugs Chiropractic Health Care Community Health Paul Meissner, Director of Planning and Policy Program Development Development email@example.com Environment Eckhard Kleinau firstname.lastname@example.org Epidemiology Fazal Hussain Fazal.Hussain@downstate.edu Food and Nutrition Sarah Stone-Francisco Alison Gernand email@example.com Gerontologic Health Rose Schneider firstname.lastname@example.org Health Administration HIV/AIDS Robin Kelley email@example.com Lynne Lackey Injury Control and Adnan Hyder Janet Holden Emergency Health firstname.lastname@example.org JanetHolden@sbcglobal.net Services Maternal and Child Miriam Labbok Health email@example.com MCH IH group Rachel True Rachel@ghets.org Medical Care Mary Ann Mercer firstname.lastname@example.org Mental Health Richard Beinecke Occupational Health Amy Hagopian Mary Miller and Safety email@example.com Oral Health Dyan Campbell firstname.lastname@example.org International Health Section Annual Reports page 15 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006 Podiatric Health Population, Family Curt Swezy Planning and email@example.com Reproductive Health Tamarah Moss tamarah@ADVOCATESFORYOUTH.ORG Public Health Josefa Ippolito-Shepard Education and firstname.lastname@example.org Health Promotion Public Health Donna Barry Louise Ivanov Nursing email@example.com School Health Education and Services Social Work Statistics Vision Care SPIGS Alternative and Complementary Health Practices Community Health Andrea Leinberger-Jabari, MPH Workers firstname.lastname@example.org Ethics Forum Beth Rivin email@example.com Disability Forum Sarah Shannon firstname.lastname@example.org Health Law Forum Michele Forzley email@example.com Samir Banoob firstname.lastname@example.org Laboratory Veterinary Public Health CAUCUSES Academic Public Maggie Huff-Rousselle Health Caucus email@example.com American Indian, Lynne Lackey Alaska Native & Native Hawaiian Caucus Asian Pacific Lisa Noguchi Islander Caucus firstname.lastname@example.org Black Caucus of Annette Johnson Health Workers Community-Based Paul Freeman Public Health Caucus Health Equity and Public Hospital Caucus Caucus on Homelessness International Health Section Annual Reports page 16 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006 Labor Caucus Latino Caucus Anamarie Garces de Marcilla Agarc065@fiu.edu Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Caucus Peace Caucus Richard Garfield email@example.com Caucus on Public Nadine Walker Health and the Faith Community Public Health Student Caucus Caucus on Refugee and Immigrant Health Socialist Caucus Donna Barry Tim Holtz firstname.lastname@example.org Lanny Smith Spirit of 1848 Tony Casas Caucus Vietnam Caucus Women’s Caucus Staff Liason Samir Banoob --Donna Barry 16.WORKING GROUP ON COMMUNITY-BASED PRIMARY HEALTH CARE Colgate-Palmolive Grant for Research on Behavioral Hygiene In February 2006, three grants of $10,000 each were awarded to successful applicants from Tibet, Colombia and Peru. In September all three candidates presented progress reports. Two of these projects are progressing well and on schedule. The third project is running behind schedule due to local circumstances. A six-month extension has been granted to this third project. Catalina Lopez, who is doing her research in Colombia, gave an excellent presentation of her preliminary results at the 11th World Congress on Public Health in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in August. The second round of the grant was advertised widely in June. So far over 60 requests for guidelines have been sent in from all over the world, and two completed proposals have been received. The deadline for submission of proposals is the 17th November. 11th World Congress on Public Health in Rio de Janeiro Henry Perry and Paul Freeman were invited to present papers at this Congress in Rio de Janeiro last August. Henry Perry presented a paper entitled ―Searchers Who Are Improving Health in the Midst of Poverty‖ at a session on Poverty and Health. Paul Freeman‘s paper was entitled ―The Case for Research to Promote Evidence-Based Global Health.‖ Copies of these papers are available on the CBPHC website. International Health Section Annual Reports page 17 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006 Workshop on Community-Based Primary Health Care 4 November 2006 The Working Groups 8th annual pre-APHA workshop will be held on Saturday November 4 in Boston. The theme of the workshop is: "Filling the Gaps to Achieving the Millennium Development Goals: What Results Can Community-Based Primary Health Care Approaches Show?" We have 65 persons registered at present. Jean Capps, RN, is coordinating this workshop with the assistance of Henry Perry and Ketan Chitnis, who is serving as Registrar. Presentations will be given by Iain Aitken (Management Sciences for Health), Laura Altobelli (Future Generations/Peru), Jack and Nancy Bryant (independent public health consultants), Shamin Jahan (Concern/Bangladesh), Eric Swedberg (Save the Children USA), and Carl Taylor (Johns Hopkins University and Future Generations/Afghanistan). Systematic Review of the Effectiveness of CBPHC in Improving Child Health Dr. Henry Perry, Dr. Paul Freeman, and Dr. Sundeep Gupta are providing leadership for this systematic review. The Working Group has received a $10,000 grant from the World Health Organization and recently a $20,000 grant from UNICEF to facilitate this review, which will be completed in March 2007. A distinguished Expert Review Panel chaired by Dr. Carl Taylor of Johns Hopkins University and Future Generations has been assembled to guide the review. UNICEF has agreed to fund a face-to-face meeting of the panel upon the completion of the review and convene a high-profile meeting on international health leaders to share the results and the recommendations of the Expert Review Panel. This will probably take place in April 2007 in New York City. We now have 34 volunteer reviewers and several of these are now beginning to work more intensively for pay with funds made from possible from UNICEF. Listserve and Website The listserve has been gradually growing, and now has approximately 200 people on it. This is being maintained by Dr. Ketan Chitnis. The Working Group's website on the International Health Section webpage has been recently updated by Dr. Paul Freeman. -- Henry Perry and Paul Freeman, Co-Chairs, and Connie Gates, Secretary 17.SUMMARY ON IH SECTION COMMITTEE ON TRADE AND HEALTH The committee conducted the following activities during the year since the last Annual Meeting: (1) organizing an invited session for the 2006 Annual Meeting; (2) placing the briefs produced by the committee for the 2005 Annual Meeting on the IH Section Website; (3) attempting to have the briefs mentioned in the previous point accepted by APHA overall; (4) liaising with the working group on trade and health organized by the Medical Care Section; and (5) attempting to set up a meeting between APHA representatives and the US Trade Representative. International Health Section Annual Reports page 18 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006 The committee was successful in organizing the invited session. It is titled, ―Trade Agreements and Trade Issues Affecting Developing Countries‖. It will feature three speakers, Dr. Timothy Holtz, ―Transnational Corporations and Human Rights‖, Dr. Nick Drager, ―Towards Policy Coherence in Trade and Health‖, and Dr. Donald Ziegler, ―Trade Agreements: A Potential ‗Perfect Storm‘ of Alcohol Related Problems in Developing Nations‖. It will take place Monday, November 6, 2:00-4:30 pm. The committee placed the briefs that it produced for the 2005 Annual Meeting on the IH website. The three briefs cover APHA policies on trade and health, the World Health Organization and trade, and the World Trade Organization and health. The committee asked Barbara Hatcher, the APHA staff liaison to the section to find out the procedures to have the briefs be considered for endorsement by the Association as a whole. She still is looking into this question. Committee member Mary Anne Mercer served as our liaison to the working group on trade and health organized by the Medical Care Section. She participated in most of the monthly telephone calls of the working group. Incoming APHA President Deborah Klein Walker had some personal connection to the former US Trade Representative, Rob Porter. The committee asked Walker to try to set up a meeting between the USTR and APHA leadership to see whether there were ways that APHA could participate in representing health issues in the USTR‘s advisory committees. However, Mr. Porter took another position in the Administration and was replaced. Walker continued to try to pursue a meeting with the new USTR, Susan Schwab, but has not yet been successful. The committee comprises: Marty Makinen, Chair; Logan Brenzel; Michele Forzley; Mary Anne Mercer; and Rick Yoder. The committee provided an oral report on its activities at the mid-year meeting of the IH Section just prior to the Global Health Council Meeting in May. It also asked for others in the Section interested in participating to join the committee. No one asked to join. --Marty Makinen 18.NORTHWEST INTERNATIONAL HEALTH ACTION COALITION (NIHAC) The Northwest International Health Action Coalition (NIHAC) is a Seattle-based group that aims to create awareness of major factors that affect the health of populations worldwide, and the links between global and local health issues. The group formed with the support of a mini-grant from APHA in 1998, and has had educational and advocacy- oriented sessions for the Seattle and university communities on a regular basis since then. When possible the educational sessions are combined with a planned ‗action‘ or advocacy effort related to the program. Governance is by a steering committee of 5 or 6 International Health Section Annual Reports page 19 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006 members, including a student member, which plans sessions with input from the membership. A NIHAC listserve of nearly 200 and web site also provide information to the membership about Seattle-area events and issues relevant to global health. The web site is http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/nihac/ We have recently placed a greater focus on using the web site to inform members, most of whom are outside the university community, about issues and Seattle-area events related to global health. Recent programs have included a film and discussion on human rights in East Timor, Dr. Wajdy Hailoo on environmental health in Iraq, and Dr. Mustafa Barghouthi on approaches to improving health in Palestine. --Mary Anne Mercer 19.WORLD FEDERATION OF PUBLIC HEALTH ASSOCIATIONS Dr. Barbara Hatcher assumed the position of Interim Secretary General of the World Federation of Public Health Associations (WFPHA) in September 2005. This past year has been an extremely busy one for WFPHA and the Interim Secretary General because, in addition to major events, including the 11th World Congress on Public Health, much time needed to be spent on becoming oriented to the responsibilities of the position and the work of the organization. The highlight of the past year was the 11th World Congress on Public Health, which took place August 21 –25, 2006 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The WFPHA Secretariat worked closely with the Brazilian member association, ABRASCO, to host the Congress. With approximately 12,000 participants, this Congress was the largest in WFPHA‘s history and considered a huge success. The majority of participants were Brazilian, with approximately 800 international participants from 77 countries. The theme guiding the Congress was ―Public Health in a Globalized World: breaking down social, economic, and political barriers.‖ The opening ceremony featured a panel of distinguished Brazilian and international speakers who introduced the themes of the Congress and set the stage for the discussion to follow throughout the course of the Congress. Brazilian President Luiz Inácio da Silva underlined the importance of Brazil‘s Universal Health System as an integral component of Brazil‘s social policy and offered that it could serve as a model for other developing countries to promote social inclusion and improved health of the citizenry. Other important guest speakers included Dr. Mirta Roses, Director of the Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO). She encouraged using this opportunity to examine how to build a more equitable world in the face of global challenges, wars, and biological threats. WFPHA President Dr. Cuauhtemoc Ruiz Matus talked about breaking down international barriers by using public health as both a science and a social movement. International Health Section Annual Reports page 20 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006 While the Opening Ceremony placed great emphasis on promoting equity in public health, the great debates, plenaries, panels, lectures, oral sessions, and posters continued to examine the four sub-themes of the Congress, which included: Global Action on the Social Determinants of Health Global Governance, Citizen Participation, and the Right to Health Promoting Equitable Healthcare Systems in a Competitive World New Frontiers in Science and Technology WFPHA honored Paulo Buss from the Brazilian institute of Fiocruz with the Hugh Leavell Lecture award and Fiocruz received the Institutional Award. Paulo Buss was also chosen as WFPHA‘s Vice-President/President-Elect. The conference ended with the presentation of the Rio Declaration. In conjunction with the Congress, WFPHA held two Executive Board Meetings, as well as its Annual Meeting. Several members of APHA attended the meetings. In these meetings, participants explored the work accomplished by the member associations in the past year, issues concerning the future of the Federation, and the progress of major projects like Human Resources for Health and the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. In addition to the Congress, some highlights of the past year included networking at several international events by the Interim Secretary General and the creation of important partnerships, specifically with the Journal of Public Health Policy and the Wellcome Trust. The Interim Secretary General finalized a contract with Journal of Public Health Policy and is working to strengthen the partnership with the WFPHA. The WFPHA is allocated a number of pages each issue to highlight the public health policy work of member associations, in addition to various other information. The Wellcome Trust has committed to a partnership to strengthen and expand the research capacity of health professionals in ―developing countries.‖ The Wellcome Trust provided funding for junior researchers to present their research at the 11th World Congress on Public Health. WFPHA has also been involved in the World Health Organization‘s Knowledge Management and Global Health Alliance on the Health Workforce programs and sponsored the Annual Meeting of the Women‘s Foreign Policy group. Under WFPHA‘s Human Resources for Health program, WFPHA coordinated with the International Health section‘s Community-Based Primary Health Care (CBPHC) Working Group to establish an international hygiene promotion research grant program. Three students received grants last year and a second round is in progress. One of the students, Catalina Lopez, presented her work at the 11th World Congress on Public Health. This year concludes with the 2006 APHA Annual Meeting, which will provide an opportunity for representatives from several WFPHA member associations to participate in sessions and to network with APHA members. Among those participants are the current President of the WFPHA, Dr. S.M.Asib Nasim, Public Health Association of Bangladesh and Senior Project Officer, Health & Nutrition Section, UNICEF, and International Health Section Annual Reports page 21 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006 Andrew Barrer, the new Executive Director of the US Coalition for Child Survival. Another important event is the Royal Society of Health lecture. In addition to the annual breakfast that includes several special presentations, the WFPHA will sponsor three scientific sessions at the 2006 Annual Meeting in Boston. International Public Health Education Closing the ‗Publishing Gap‘ between rich and poor Integrating Biodiversity and Human Health: The U.S. EPA‘s Multidisciplinary Approach – This session will be featured as a webcast which will bring the work of WFPHA to a wider audience thus, increasing its exposure. The 1000 Peace Women Across the Globe exhibit and Neema Mgana from Kenya. Special viewing of Salud, a documentary (Cuba and the Quest for Health) -- Barbara Hatcher 20. SCIENCE BOARD The Science Board held a retreat on 23 April 2006 where an extensive review of the mission of the Board, the policy processes at APHA, strategic planning at APHA, and joint projects with the association were discussed. The need for reviewing the evidence base for actions and policies at APHA was stressed as critical work of the Science Board. The Spring meeting was held 24-25 April 2006 and the agenda of the 2006 meeting was discussed including sessions being organized by the Science Board. In addition, themes for the 2008 meeting were reviewed and Stanley Weiss and Josh Mott were elected to be Chair and Vice Chair of the Science Board. --Adnan A. Hyder, MD MPH PhD (email@example.com) International Health Section Annual Reports page 22 Sub-Committees, Working Groups and Officers November 2006
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