The Sufficiency Economy write up by monkey group by ashrafp


									                                                                            30 June 2007
Monkey group members

   1. Grace – Kenya
   2. Premani - Sri Lanka
   3. Aye Aye Than - Myanmar
   4. Louis - Madagascar
   5. Yeneshet - Ethiopia
   6. Pema - Bhutan

Group assignment
To identify the viable indicators of a successful sufficiency economy project from the
field trips to Agri-Nature Foundation and Khao Hin Sorn Royal Development Study

While most countries across the globe emphasize for rapid economic development, a
visionary and farsighted leader in the “Lands of Smiles” His Majesty king Bhumiphol
Adulyadeja of Thailand has a unique but noble philosophy and approach to
development. His Majesty the king believes that development should be carried out
stages starting with proper building of the foundations and emphasizes the importance
of “Self Supporting Economy” and middle path to development in line with the
teachings of the Lord Buddha. “Sufficiency Economy” is the development philosophy
of His Majesty the king and the three pillars or principles of Sufficiency are
moderation, reasonableness and self immunity.
The 24 participants from 20 countries were explained on the philosophy of
Sufficiency Economy and various activities carried out in line with the philosophy.
Field trips were arranged for the participants to see the various activities carried out
under the royal initiative. The important places/projects visited are Chitrlada palace,
Grand palace, “Phra Dabos School” project, Agri-Nature Foundation and Khao Hin
Sorn Royal Development Center.
The entire participants were divided into 4 groups, the Elephant group, the Duck
group, the Cat group and the Monkey group. Each group was given an assignment to
write based on the field trip findings.

 Agri-Nature Foundation and Sufficiency Economy Foundation
Mr.Wiwat Sunyakumtorn, the founder of Agri-Nature Foundation was once the
Director of Evaluation and Information Division of Royal Projects. Greatly inspired
and moved by His Majesty the king Bhumiphol Adulyadeja’s approach to
development, Mr. Wiwat Sunyakumtorn gave up the cozy and secured post of the
Director, went back to his root, the land, as a farmer. For this decision of his, he was
crazy both by his family and friends but he was determined to proceed in his own way
to convert the near desert, eroded infertile soil of his family to a fertile land with lots
fruit crops and trees using organic methods of cultivation. Iron hearted and
determined as he is, he has not only converted the infertile land into productive land
and made the area training center for others in farming business, more important than
that, he changed the mind set and attitude of his people and made them successful and
independent farmers through the use of environment friendly indigenous but efficient
and effective organic inputs. With his success many farmers who left the field to join
other activities in the town came back to work in their fields, many farmers were
imparted training on the organic agriculture farming and were removed of from
poverty and debts. Today similar training centers were opened in many parts of the
country and one in Cambodia.

Khao Hin Sorn Royal Development Center
The land at Khao Hin Sorn Royal Development Center was a sandy soil. Under the
royal initiative the area is developed into a fertile land where farmers are trained to
practice integrated farming business using organic inputs. We have seen the actual
implementation of His Majesty’s New Theory where the entire land space is divided
into 3 parts, 30% for making water reservoir, 60% for agriculture and 10% for
housing and other activities such as growing garden crops and raising animals. The
Center has modified the land usage of the New Theory to adapt to different
circumstances facing by the Center.

Following are different situations before and after implementing Sufficiency

Pre sufficiency economy scenarios
   1. People believed only in money and not in sufficiency economy,
   2. Farmers were in heavy debt. These debts were caused by:
             a) High cost of living,
             b) High cost of farm inputs,
   3. Poor soil fertility,
   4. Low technical knowledge,
   5. Prevalence of crop pests and diseases,
   6. Low productivity,
   7. Migration from agriculture to other activities,
   8. Farming was neglected,
   9. Vicious circle of poverty

   1.    Degeneration of human qualities
   2.    Individualistic attitude and behavior
   3.    Social unrest
   4.    Unemployment
   5.    People live in poverty and destitute

Degradation of the natural environment caused by
   1. Pollution.
   2. Deforestation,
   3. Depletion of water resources,
   4. Loss of flora and fauna species,
   5. Degradation of the soil, and
   6. Poor farming practices
Post Sufficiency Economy Scenarios
   1. Empowerment of people
   2. Farmers are self sufficient
   3. No more in debt
   4. Increased productivity of land, labor and capital
   5. Increased farm income due to:
           o Increased employment opportunities
           o Cost reduction
           o Increased economic activities (both farm and off farm)

   1. People are happy and live in harmony
   2. Secured lives from all perspectives
   3. Reduced social unrest
   4. Many communal activities
   5. A feeling of belonging and care to a greater society
   6. Change in attitude and belief of the people and greater care to the society at
   7. Reduced substance abuse

             “No man is an island; everyman is a part of a continent”


   1.   Increased vegetative cover
   2.   Improved soil fertility
   3.   Reduced soil erosion
   4.   Restoration of water resources

“Nurture Nature, Save Future”

Why Sufficiency Economy is working?

   1. His Majesty the king Bhumiphol Adulyadeja is the source of inspiration, a
      living example, the king that practice first and then preach,
   2. The philosophy of “Sufficiency Economy” that emanated from the Royal
      Throne to make meaningful difference on the lives and livings of the
   3. Resilience and patience by some practitioners
   4. The concept of reasonableness, moderation and self immunity of SE, its
      practical relevance and multiplier effect on the society
   5. A handful of selfless and committed people that prove to the people and
      world at large the importance and practicality of SE
   6. Concrete and tangible outcomes for people to see and believe
   7. Conducive environment such as favorable government policy, technical
      support and inputs and
   8. The 1997 Asian Financial Crisis and experience of the Thai people about it.
The group would like to point out that the Sufficiency Economy is practical and
viable but for its greater effectiveness and sustainability we would like to
recommend/suggest the following points for consideration:

   a) Increased awareness on Sufficiency Economy
   b) Wider participations by the stakeholders especially by the private sectors and
   c) Exchange visits
   d) Networking

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