Jill McCormack 5th grade Social Studies Time of Slavery Slavery Divides the Country • Slavery was part of a larger issue---the economy by the 1850’s. • The South had slaves to work on the large plantations, that produced most of South’s wealth. • The North saw slavery as an unjust and terrible cruelty. Resisting Slavery • Nat Turner led the most serious revolt in Southampton County, Virginia. • Turner’s small band of enslaved people killed nearly 60 men, women, and children from slaveowning families. • Frederick Douglass learned how to read by trading bread for reading lesson. He learned to write by tracing the letters on the ships in his neighbors shipyard. Free African Americans • By 1850 over 430,000 free African Americans were living in the U.S. • Northern states ended slavery, but were prejudice. • Many times they were barred from public places such as: lecture halls, hotels, and restqurants. • Free African American found support by building commnuities and organizations of their own. Words of Freedom • By 1860 about 17 African American newspapers were printed in the U.S. • They were read by both blacks and whites. • Most famous influential was the North Star, started by Frederick Douglass. • Others were Freeman’s Advocate, Freedom’s Journal, and The Mirror of Liberty. • The North Star was read by people all over the country. • Douglass named the paper after the star that many escaping slave used to guide themselves to the North. Fight for Equality abolitionist Underground Seneca Falls Railroad Convention Someone A system of More than 240 people who wanted secret routes attended. They to abolish that escaping approved the or end captives “Declaration of Rights slavery in followed to & Sentiments. the U.S. freedom. Underground Railroad People who helped with Underground Railroad Levi Coffin A quaker from Indiana who helped slaves to escape. Cathering Coffin Levi's wife She fed, clothed & hid slaves in their house. Harriet Tubman Escaped from slavery through these routes and went back to help many others. Nickname "Moses". Nation Heads for War • To maintain a balance between free states and slave states, Congress passed the Missouri Compromise in 1820 • This created an imaginary line from east to west through the Louisiana Territory. • Slavery would be allowed in all states south of the line and forbidden in all states north og the line except for Missouri Congress Compromises • Fugitive Slave Law of 1850. • Would require police in the free states to help capture slaves escaping from slave states. • Compromise of 1850 • California would be admitted as a free state, which would benefit the North. • The North would agreed to obey the Fugitive Slave Law. A Divided House • Kansas-Nebraska Act – allowed the Kansas & Nebraska territories to decide for themselves whether to allow slavery. • Dred Scott Decision – stated that slaves were property. • States’ Rights – each state should be allowed to make its own decision about most issues. • Lincoln wins election- states secede to form a new country- the Confederate States of America • They drafted a constitution and elected a president – John Davis.