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					 The NPS Maritime
 Domain Protection
            Header
 Research Group
   • Body




 An Interagency and
 Integrated Initiative


April 2005
Broad Charter Requires a Spectrum of
          Research Efforts
              Header
 Define, design, and potentially implement
   a national Maritime Domain Protection
• Body
     System that includes a vulnerability
     assessment, concept of operations
     across multiple lines of defense and
    domains, and coordinated through a
   national command and control system.

FOCUS: War-fighters perspective to detect, dissuade, deter,
preempt, interdict, or defeat threats and aggression as early
          and as far from US borders as possible.
      Stakeholder Participation:
                  Header
  PACOM           OSD       NORTHCOM

• Body
  INDUSTRY        NSC Maritime Security
                  Working Group
NAVNORTH
                    FBI               USN
   SOCOM                        DHS
USCG        DOT           ONI         ICE
Allies (Canada)         Commercial Shipping
            Faculty and Student Pool
                        Header
 •   Intelligence               • US Navy
 •   National Security          • US Coast Guard
 •   Computer Science           • US Army
••
 •
     Systems
     Body Engineering
     Information Science
                                • US Air Force
                                • Special Operations
 •   Operations Research
 •   Defense Analysis (SOLIC)     (All services)
 •   Modeling and Simulation    • Civilian
 •   Meteorology and              (Federal, State and
     Oceanography                 Local)
•    Business
•    Applied Physics
•    Transportation                 Other Educational and
•    Naval War College              Civilian Research
     (Monterey Campus)              Institutions
 Program Growth Since January 2004
                 Header
• Over 400 off-campus community contacts from
  DoD, DHS, DOE, and other state, local and
  federal agencies including industry
• Body faculty involved in various capacities
• 50 NPS
• Over 80 students across disciplines and
  departments
   – Department of Homeland Security
   – Systems Engineering and Analysis
   – Space Operations
   – Information Systems
   – Combat Systems, Operations Research,
     National Security Affairs, and others
            Major “Take Aways”
         Since “Stand-up” in Jan 04
                     Header
   Impacting national developments now by
  contributing work in progress and creating a
             community of interest:
•• Body04 Vulnerability and Threat Symposium (50
   June
participants)
• Aug 04 Maritime Domain Protection Symposium
(120 participants)
• Hosted MISRAD conference in Feb ’05 to review
requirements of WMD detection and HLD (next
conference to be hosted by NORTHCOM)
• Co-hosting a one day MDA Requirements,
Capabilities and Technology Forum with the USCG
MDA Program Integration Office on 2 May
           Major “Take Aways”
        Since “Stand-up” in Jan 04
                 Header Initiatives
   Recent Developments/Ongoing

 • Partnering with LLNL on a variety of technical
 research areas
•• Body level VTC capability installed in NPS
    SECRET
 Wargaming spaces to allow classified links to
 remote wargaming sites and participants
 • SECRET E-mail and Server established for
 library’s MDP classified document repository
 • Work in progress with:
   Maritime Security Working Group NSC
   OSD, PACOM, NORTHCOM, and Coast Guard Districts
   Joint DoD/DHS (Navy/Coast Guard) National MDA
           Efforts/Working Groups
           Major “Take Aways”
        Since “Stand-up” in Jan 04
                  Header Products
       Selected MDP-RG Affiliated

• Student Thesis – Biometrics and Crew
 • Identification (Richard Hunton) Briefed to
    Body
   NORTHCOM
• Student Thesis – MDA Knowledge Management
   Database (Ed Haukula)
• Student Thesis – Critical Infrastructure Analysis
   Methodology for Southern California Road System
   for DoD Employment (Dan Stimpson)
• “As Is” National MDP System Technical Report
• Systems Engineering and Analysis (SEA) 7
   Campus wide Integrated Project – MDP in the
   Straits of Malacca.
NPS MDP Research Group Organization
                            Header
                           DoD Stakeholders

        Maritime Domain                     Dr. Paul Stockton Director,
         Stakeholders                           Center of Homeland
                                                  Security, NPS
• Body                    CAPT Jeff Kline, USN
                        Wayne E Meyer Institute of
                         Systems Engineering
   Dr. Tom Huynh                                      {Currently Vacant}
   Lead, Systems           LTC Saverio Manago        Administrative Faculty
  Engineering Effort         Lead MDP Lab
                                                        Ms. Ann Wells
                                                     Information Manager/EA
Dr. Hersch Loomis and    Vulnerability Assessment
   Dr. Magdi Kamel       CAPT Steve Ashby, USN
      MDA Effort                                       Dr. Ken Davidson
                           MDP Library Secure
                                                         Lead, Applied
                              Depository
  Growth Projects!                                   Technology (METOC)
 Systems Engineering and Integration
              Header
          Responsibilities

 • Coordinate/Integrate All NPS MDP-Research
• Body Efforts
   Group
  • Design an Integrated and Layered MDP
    System of Systems
  • Develop Associated Concepts of Operations


DoD Homeland Defense Strategy Organizational Construct: LEAD
Key Objectives: Maximum Awareness
                Interdict and Defeat
                Protect DoD People and Assets
            Future Activities
                 Header
 • Perform Functional Analysis

 • Perform Gap Analysis
• Body
 • Develop System Requirements

 • Develop MDP Architectures

 • Perform Trade Studies

 • Develop and Perform MDP System Simulation
   to Support Architecture Development
            Threat and Vulnerability
                    Header
               Assessment Team
  Threat and Vulnerability Symposium June 2004

• Body
   • Identify Current Near-term Threats
      •   Identify Key Vulnerabilities
      •   Match Threat to Vulnerability
      •   Future / Forward Requirements
      •   Inspire Community of Interest


DoD Homeland Defense Strategy Organizational Construct: LEAD
Key Objective: Maximum Awareness
               TVAT Way Ahead
                   Header
    • Grow, Foster and Enhance TVAT Network of
      Networks (Community of Interest)
•   Body
    • Produce Threat/Vulnerabilities Vignettes
       – Examine seams
       – I/D most critical vs. most vulnerable
       – Assist priority of applying resources
    • Wargame Threat/Vulnerability Vignettes
        NPS Research to Support MDA
                        Header
     • Data Source Identification
     • Data Model Development
 •   • Data
     Body Cleansing, Integration, and Fusion
     • Populating the Data Warehouse
     • Providing Query, Data Analysis, and Mining
       Capabilities on the Warehouse Data
     • National Resources with Open sources



DoD Maritime Domain Strategy and Org. Construct: LEAD, ENABLE
Key Objective: Maximum Awareness
        Coordinating with National
                Header
           MDA Research Effort

     • USCG MDA effort (Including SSG Working
•   Body
       Group membership/participation)
     • NRL (Naval Research Lab)
     • ONI (Office of Naval Intelligence)
     • ONR (Office of Naval Research)
       Swampworks
     • NSA (Coastwatcher Proposal)
           NPS MDA Future Efforts
                     Header
    • Collecting, storing, correlating, fusing,
      and disseminating information collected
•   Body data sources
      from

    • Collaborating with the MAGNET office to
      set up a mirror of MAGNET Data
      Warehouse at NPS and designate NPS a
      Continuation of Operations Back-up site
       Applied Technology Effort:
    An Integrated Approach for MDP
                Header
 Estimation of Atmosphere and Surface
      Influences on Rf/IR Sensors
• Body
    Transition USN Procedures/Technologies for
     Estimating Atmosphere-Ocean impacts on
    Radar/IR performance to Maritime Domain
              Protection Surveillance.
                    Ken Davidson
                    Professor of Meteorology
DoD Homeland Defense Strategy Org. Construct: LEAD, ENABLE
Key Objective: Maximum Awareness
        Issue: IR/Radar Detection
                    Header
     Pacific Command/DOS “Regional
     Maritime Security Initiative”
•   Body
     addresses terrorists/piracy:

     • Seizing a vessel in Singapore vicinity
     • Scuttling a tanker in the Straits of
       Malacca
     • Conducting piracy in the South China Sea
       and others (Ship board Defense)
   Evaporation Duct (ED) Strength
        Sea Temperature
                   Header
   July Sea Temperature


• Body
Impacting Phenomenon: Radar wave guide at surface.
  Caused by humidity decrease above warm surface
    Example: Off Oahu, Hawaii (29 August 2001)
                   Header

• Body             Evaporation Duct Height (EDH)




              Evaporation duct



            High SST enhances duct effect
          Demonstration: METOC Influence on Detection
                        (Dam Neck,VA)

                             Header
                                          22 August
                                            1530-2000Z
     • Body                                   X-band




• Significant increase in
 detection range (reduced
 2-way prop loss) due to
 EDH increase.

•COAMPSTM doesn’t predict
 change but is better than
 standard assumption.
NPS Applied Technology Future Efforts
                Header
  • Work with Singapore/PACOM on
    Coalition Maritime Domain
• Body
    Awareness and sensor effectiveness
    and NPS/PACOM COAST Initiative
  • Continue work with Navy SPECOPS
         Attacker–Defender Models:
                    Header
        Critical Infrastructure Efforts

       Two opponents: Attacker and Defender
 • Body
   Defender operates efficiently (say, at minimum
         cost) using existing infrastructure
     Attacker seeks to damage infrastructure to
             maximize defender’s costs


DoD Homeland Defense Strategy Org. Construct: LEAD, ENABLE
Key Objective: Protect DoD Personnel and Assets
            Critical Infrastructure
                     Header
    • Systems:
       – Roads and Rail (bridges and tunnels...)
       – Airports (many targetable components)
•   Body
       – Pipelines (water, fuel, gas)
       – Telecomm (wire, fiber-optic, wireless)
       – Ports
       – Electric Power
       – Combined (logistics systems)
    • Almost always configured as a network
             “Bottleneck”
   Illustrates Min-cut Interdiction
              Header

• Body
   Camp        DoD Homeland Defense Issue
   Pendleton
                                    Fort to Port
                       Header           (Critical Infrastructure
                                         Identification Study)

                                   • Security of entire road
   • Body                          network cannot be
                                   assumed!
                                   • What Infrastructure is
                                   most critical? Most
                                   vulnerable?
                                   • What are the costs of
                                   losing it? Protecting it?
                                   • What are the costs of not
                                   protecting it?
                                   • How many resources
                                   should be applied?
Port of San
Diego
Systems Engineering and Analysis (SEA)
    Campus Wide Integrated Project
                                      Header
• Built around a carefully chosen problem
       • Of urgent interest to Navy top leadership
 •     • Picked in consultation with Superintendent
     Body NWC, SSG, WMISE Advisory Board
         NPS,
       • Within capability of student/faculty teams
       • That develops team building/leadership
         skills
       • That explores end-to-end problem solutions
• Resulting in substantive reports
      Crossbow: a Battle group centered on UAV’s and small missile boats
      Expeditionary Warfare: designing a complete force to project and sustain a MEB
      Defense of the Sea Base: air, surface, and subsurface threats
      Maritime Dominance in the Littorals: study of the littoral battlefield environment to
      include unmanned vehicle effectiveness
      Seabasing and Joint Expeditionary Logistics (JELo): study of logistics issues
      associated with establishment of the seabase and support of forces ashore
                                            SEA-7 Integrated MDP Study
    Tasking
    “Design a conceptual system of systems to defeat
                                                                                         Header             Systems Engineering Design Process

                                                                                                                                               Design &
    and prevent terrorism in the Maritime Domain.”                                                                 Requirements
                                                                                                                    Generation
                                                                                                                                               Analysis
                                                                                                                                            Alternatives
                                                                                                                                            Generation

                                                                                                     Tasking and                                    Modeling &                                Relevant and
     Generic Solution                                        Technological Solution                    Current
                                                                                                      Situation
                                                                                                                        Problem
                                                                                                                       Definition
                                                                                                                                                     Analysis
                                                                                                                                                                          Decision
                                                                                                                                                                          Making
                                                                                                                                                                                                Feasible
                                                                                                                                                                                                Solution
                                                                                                                                          Engineering Design
                                                                                                                     Needs                     Problem                Alternative

      - Malacca Straits                                             - No Political                                  Analysis
                                                                                                                                                                       Scoring




            • Body
                                                                                                                           Objectives                                          Decision
                                                                                                                             Tree
                                                                                                                                             Implementation
        as “Use Case”                                               - No Legal                                                               Planning for
                                                                                                                                                Action




      - Solution capabilities                                       - Idealistic – “what could be                        NPS MDP Study Integration
                                                                                                                                            Assessment &
                                                                                                                                               Control
                                                                                                                                                        Execution




        transferable                                                  possible”                                                          TRAC                                 Network
                   300nm                                                                                                                Monterey                             Engineering                        JC4I


                                                                                                                    Space                                                                                         LLNL*
                                                                                                                                                             SEA-7/TDSI*
                                                                                             300nm                 Systems
                                                                                                                                                                      USPACOM
                                                                                                                                                Defense
                                                                                                                         OR                                  Homeland
                                                                                                                                               Analysis
                WMD Scenario                                                                                                              NPS (Spec OPS)      Defense
                                                                                                                                              MDP Integrated Study Organization
                                                                                                                   = NPS Curriculum
Objective: Stop CBRN material >1000m from port
             Ship As Weapon Scenario                                                                                         SEA-7/TDSI
                                                                                                                   = Off Campus                                                     *TDSI = Temasek Defense Systems Institute (SNP)
Threshold: Stop CBRN material >850m from port                                                                                                                                   NPS MDP StudyLivermore National Lab
                                                                                                                                                                                 *LLNL = Lawrence
   Objective: Neutralize SAW >500m from pier
                Small Boat Attack
   Threshold: Neutralize SAW >50m from pier Scenario

       Objective: Neutralize SBA >65m from Large Ship                                                                                                                                                                 Sea/Land Cargo
                                                                                                                                        Sensors                          C3I                        Force
       Threshold: Neutralize SBA >35m from Large Ship                                                                                                                                                                    Inspection

                       Neutralize – Stop > 850m
                                    NLT 50m
                                                                                                                                                                     Comm (4)                   Weps Sys (5)            Land Sys (3)
                                                                                                                                  Sensors (5)                         IA (3)                      OR (2)                  OR (2)
                                                                                                                                                                      OR (2)
                                                  Engage – 2,000m
                                                                                                                                    Space Sys                           JC4I                 Defense Analysis/              LLNL
                                                                                                                                        LLNL                        Network Eng                  Spec Ops
                     Neutralize – NLT 35m                Engage – 250m                                                                                              HL Defense
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       OPS Research
                                                                                                                                TDSI = Temasek Defense Systems Institute (SNP)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     TRAC Monterey
                                                                                                                                LLNL = Lawrence Livermore National Lab
   Proposed Future Focus/Resource
 Priorities (05-06) (for Consideration)
                   Header
• Expand/Improve Wargaming capability: Conduct
  Wargame in early FY06
• Re-energize and expand Threat/Vulnerability
• analysis through classified wargame symposium
   Body
• Bring MDP/HLS classified document repository on
  line with web access
• Continue team support
   – facilitate dialog and interagency coordination
     and communications
   – Technical research efforts continue leveraging
     CDTEMS funds and through partnerships
   – Continue to engage operationally savvy NPS
     students and leverage faculty expertise in
     addressing problems and development of
     solutions
           Header

• Body
         Questions?

				
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