Proposal Thesis Data Warehouse

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					 The NPS Maritime
 Domain Protection
 Research Group
   • Body

 An Interagency and
 Integrated Initiative

April 2005
Broad Charter Requires a Spectrum of
          Research Efforts
 Define, design, and potentially implement
   a national Maritime Domain Protection
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     System that includes a vulnerability
     assessment, concept of operations
     across multiple lines of defense and
    domains, and coordinated through a
   national command and control system.

FOCUS: War-fighters perspective to detect, dissuade, deter,
preempt, interdict, or defeat threats and aggression as early
          and as far from US borders as possible.
      Stakeholder Participation:
  PACOM           OSD       NORTHCOM

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  INDUSTRY        NSC Maritime Security
                  Working Group
                    FBI               USN
   SOCOM                        DHS
USCG        DOT           ONI         ICE
Allies (Canada)         Commercial Shipping
            Faculty and Student Pool
 •   Intelligence               • US Navy
 •   National Security          • US Coast Guard
 •   Computer Science           • US Army
     Body Engineering
     Information Science
                                • US Air Force
                                • Special Operations
 •   Operations Research
 •   Defense Analysis (SOLIC)     (All services)
 •   Modeling and Simulation    • Civilian
 •   Meteorology and              (Federal, State and
     Oceanography                 Local)
•    Business
•    Applied Physics
•    Transportation                 Other Educational and
•    Naval War College              Civilian Research
     (Monterey Campus)              Institutions
 Program Growth Since January 2004
• Over 400 off-campus community contacts from
  DoD, DHS, DOE, and other state, local and
  federal agencies including industry
• Body faculty involved in various capacities
• 50 NPS
• Over 80 students across disciplines and
   – Department of Homeland Security
   – Systems Engineering and Analysis
   – Space Operations
   – Information Systems
   – Combat Systems, Operations Research,
     National Security Affairs, and others
            Major “Take Aways”
         Since “Stand-up” in Jan 04
   Impacting national developments now by
  contributing work in progress and creating a
             community of interest:
•• Body04 Vulnerability and Threat Symposium (50
• Aug 04 Maritime Domain Protection Symposium
(120 participants)
• Hosted MISRAD conference in Feb ’05 to review
requirements of WMD detection and HLD (next
conference to be hosted by NORTHCOM)
• Co-hosting a one day MDA Requirements,
Capabilities and Technology Forum with the USCG
MDA Program Integration Office on 2 May
           Major “Take Aways”
        Since “Stand-up” in Jan 04
                 Header Initiatives
   Recent Developments/Ongoing

 • Partnering with LLNL on a variety of technical
 research areas
•• Body level VTC capability installed in NPS
 Wargaming spaces to allow classified links to
 remote wargaming sites and participants
 • SECRET E-mail and Server established for
 library’s MDP classified document repository
 • Work in progress with:
   Maritime Security Working Group NSC
   OSD, PACOM, NORTHCOM, and Coast Guard Districts
   Joint DoD/DHS (Navy/Coast Guard) National MDA
           Efforts/Working Groups
           Major “Take Aways”
        Since “Stand-up” in Jan 04
                  Header Products
       Selected MDP-RG Affiliated

• Student Thesis – Biometrics and Crew
 • Identification (Richard Hunton) Briefed to
• Student Thesis – MDA Knowledge Management
   Database (Ed Haukula)
• Student Thesis – Critical Infrastructure Analysis
   Methodology for Southern California Road System
   for DoD Employment (Dan Stimpson)
• “As Is” National MDP System Technical Report
• Systems Engineering and Analysis (SEA) 7
   Campus wide Integrated Project – MDP in the
   Straits of Malacca.
NPS MDP Research Group Organization
                           DoD Stakeholders

        Maritime Domain                     Dr. Paul Stockton Director,
         Stakeholders                           Center of Homeland
                                                  Security, NPS
• Body                    CAPT Jeff Kline, USN
                        Wayne E Meyer Institute of
                         Systems Engineering
   Dr. Tom Huynh                                      {Currently Vacant}
   Lead, Systems           LTC Saverio Manago        Administrative Faculty
  Engineering Effort         Lead MDP Lab
                                                        Ms. Ann Wells
                                                     Information Manager/EA
Dr. Hersch Loomis and    Vulnerability Assessment
   Dr. Magdi Kamel       CAPT Steve Ashby, USN
      MDA Effort                                       Dr. Ken Davidson
                           MDP Library Secure
                                                         Lead, Applied
  Growth Projects!                                   Technology (METOC)
 Systems Engineering and Integration

 • Coordinate/Integrate All NPS MDP-Research
• Body Efforts
  • Design an Integrated and Layered MDP
    System of Systems
  • Develop Associated Concepts of Operations

DoD Homeland Defense Strategy Organizational Construct: LEAD
Key Objectives: Maximum Awareness
                Interdict and Defeat
                Protect DoD People and Assets
            Future Activities
 • Perform Functional Analysis

 • Perform Gap Analysis
• Body
 • Develop System Requirements

 • Develop MDP Architectures

 • Perform Trade Studies

 • Develop and Perform MDP System Simulation
   to Support Architecture Development
            Threat and Vulnerability
               Assessment Team
  Threat and Vulnerability Symposium June 2004

• Body
   • Identify Current Near-term Threats
      •   Identify Key Vulnerabilities
      •   Match Threat to Vulnerability
      •   Future / Forward Requirements
      •   Inspire Community of Interest

DoD Homeland Defense Strategy Organizational Construct: LEAD
Key Objective: Maximum Awareness
               TVAT Way Ahead
    • Grow, Foster and Enhance TVAT Network of
      Networks (Community of Interest)
•   Body
    • Produce Threat/Vulnerabilities Vignettes
       – Examine seams
       – I/D most critical vs. most vulnerable
       – Assist priority of applying resources
    • Wargame Threat/Vulnerability Vignettes
        NPS Research to Support MDA
     • Data Source Identification
     • Data Model Development
 •   • Data
     Body Cleansing, Integration, and Fusion
     • Populating the Data Warehouse
     • Providing Query, Data Analysis, and Mining
       Capabilities on the Warehouse Data
     • National Resources with Open sources

DoD Maritime Domain Strategy and Org. Construct: LEAD, ENABLE
Key Objective: Maximum Awareness
        Coordinating with National
           MDA Research Effort

     • USCG MDA effort (Including SSG Working
•   Body
       Group membership/participation)
     • NRL (Naval Research Lab)
     • ONI (Office of Naval Intelligence)
     • ONR (Office of Naval Research)
     • NSA (Coastwatcher Proposal)
           NPS MDA Future Efforts
    • Collecting, storing, correlating, fusing,
      and disseminating information collected
•   Body data sources

    • Collaborating with the MAGNET office to
      set up a mirror of MAGNET Data
      Warehouse at NPS and designate NPS a
      Continuation of Operations Back-up site
       Applied Technology Effort:
    An Integrated Approach for MDP
 Estimation of Atmosphere and Surface
      Influences on Rf/IR Sensors
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    Transition USN Procedures/Technologies for
     Estimating Atmosphere-Ocean impacts on
    Radar/IR performance to Maritime Domain
              Protection Surveillance.
                    Ken Davidson
                    Professor of Meteorology
DoD Homeland Defense Strategy Org. Construct: LEAD, ENABLE
Key Objective: Maximum Awareness
        Issue: IR/Radar Detection
     Pacific Command/DOS “Regional
     Maritime Security Initiative”
•   Body
     addresses terrorists/piracy:

     • Seizing a vessel in Singapore vicinity
     • Scuttling a tanker in the Straits of
     • Conducting piracy in the South China Sea
       and others (Ship board Defense)
   Evaporation Duct (ED) Strength
        Sea Temperature
   July Sea Temperature

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Impacting Phenomenon: Radar wave guide at surface.
  Caused by humidity decrease above warm surface
    Example: Off Oahu, Hawaii (29 August 2001)

• Body             Evaporation Duct Height (EDH)

              Evaporation duct

            High SST enhances duct effect
          Demonstration: METOC Influence on Detection
                        (Dam Neck,VA)

                                          22 August
     • Body                                   X-band

• Significant increase in
 detection range (reduced
 2-way prop loss) due to
 EDH increase.

•COAMPSTM doesn’t predict
 change but is better than
 standard assumption.
NPS Applied Technology Future Efforts
  • Work with Singapore/PACOM on
    Coalition Maritime Domain
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    Awareness and sensor effectiveness
    and NPS/PACOM COAST Initiative
  • Continue work with Navy SPECOPS
         Attacker–Defender Models:
        Critical Infrastructure Efforts

       Two opponents: Attacker and Defender
 • Body
   Defender operates efficiently (say, at minimum
         cost) using existing infrastructure
     Attacker seeks to damage infrastructure to
             maximize defender’s costs

DoD Homeland Defense Strategy Org. Construct: LEAD, ENABLE
Key Objective: Protect DoD Personnel and Assets
            Critical Infrastructure
    • Systems:
       – Roads and Rail (bridges and tunnels...)
       – Airports (many targetable components)
•   Body
       – Pipelines (water, fuel, gas)
       – Telecomm (wire, fiber-optic, wireless)
       – Ports
       – Electric Power
       – Combined (logistics systems)
    • Almost always configured as a network
   Illustrates Min-cut Interdiction

• Body
   Camp        DoD Homeland Defense Issue
                                    Fort to Port
                       Header           (Critical Infrastructure
                                         Identification Study)

                                   • Security of entire road
   • Body                          network cannot be
                                   • What Infrastructure is
                                   most critical? Most
                                   • What are the costs of
                                   losing it? Protecting it?
                                   • What are the costs of not
                                   protecting it?
                                   • How many resources
                                   should be applied?
Port of San
Systems Engineering and Analysis (SEA)
    Campus Wide Integrated Project
• Built around a carefully chosen problem
       • Of urgent interest to Navy top leadership
 •     • Picked in consultation with Superintendent
     Body NWC, SSG, WMISE Advisory Board
       • Within capability of student/faculty teams
       • That develops team building/leadership
       • That explores end-to-end problem solutions
• Resulting in substantive reports
      Crossbow: a Battle group centered on UAV’s and small missile boats
      Expeditionary Warfare: designing a complete force to project and sustain a MEB
      Defense of the Sea Base: air, surface, and subsurface threats
      Maritime Dominance in the Littorals: study of the littoral battlefield environment to
      include unmanned vehicle effectiveness
      Seabasing and Joint Expeditionary Logistics (JELo): study of logistics issues
      associated with establishment of the seabase and support of forces ashore
                                            SEA-7 Integrated MDP Study
    “Design a conceptual system of systems to defeat
                                                                                         Header             Systems Engineering Design Process

                                                                                                                                               Design &
    and prevent terrorism in the Maritime Domain.”                                                                 Requirements

                                                                                                     Tasking and                                    Modeling &                                Relevant and
     Generic Solution                                        Technological Solution                    Current
                                                                                                                                          Engineering Design
                                                                                                                     Needs                     Problem                Alternative

      - Malacca Straits                                             - No Political                                  Analysis

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                                                                                                                           Objectives                                          Decision
        as “Use Case”                                               - No Legal                                                               Planning for

      - Solution capabilities                                       - Idealistic – “what could be                        NPS MDP Study Integration
                                                                                                                                            Assessment &

        transferable                                                  possible”                                                          TRAC                                 Network
                   300nm                                                                                                                Monterey                             Engineering                        JC4I

                                                                                                                    Space                                                                                         LLNL*
                                                                                             300nm                 Systems
                                                                                                                         OR                                  Homeland
                WMD Scenario                                                                                                              NPS (Spec OPS)      Defense
                                                                                                                                              MDP Integrated Study Organization
                                                                                                                   = NPS Curriculum
Objective: Stop CBRN material >1000m from port
             Ship As Weapon Scenario                                                                                         SEA-7/TDSI
                                                                                                                   = Off Campus                                                     *TDSI = Temasek Defense Systems Institute (SNP)
Threshold: Stop CBRN material >850m from port                                                                                                                                   NPS MDP StudyLivermore National Lab
                                                                                                                                                                                 *LLNL = Lawrence
   Objective: Neutralize SAW >500m from pier
                Small Boat Attack
   Threshold: Neutralize SAW >50m from pier Scenario

       Objective: Neutralize SBA >65m from Large Ship                                                                                                                                                                 Sea/Land Cargo
                                                                                                                                        Sensors                          C3I                        Force
       Threshold: Neutralize SBA >35m from Large Ship                                                                                                                                                                    Inspection

                       Neutralize – Stop > 850m
                                    NLT 50m
                                                                                                                                                                     Comm (4)                   Weps Sys (5)            Land Sys (3)
                                                                                                                                  Sensors (5)                         IA (3)                      OR (2)                  OR (2)
                                                                                                                                                                      OR (2)
                                                  Engage – 2,000m
                                                                                                                                    Space Sys                           JC4I                 Defense Analysis/              LLNL
                                                                                                                                        LLNL                        Network Eng                  Spec Ops
                     Neutralize – NLT 35m                Engage – 250m                                                                                              HL Defense
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       OPS Research
                                                                                                                                TDSI = Temasek Defense Systems Institute (SNP)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     TRAC Monterey
                                                                                                                                LLNL = Lawrence Livermore National Lab
   Proposed Future Focus/Resource
 Priorities (05-06) (for Consideration)
• Expand/Improve Wargaming capability: Conduct
  Wargame in early FY06
• Re-energize and expand Threat/Vulnerability
• analysis through classified wargame symposium
• Bring MDP/HLS classified document repository on
  line with web access
• Continue team support
   – facilitate dialog and interagency coordination
     and communications
   – Technical research efforts continue leveraging
     CDTEMS funds and through partnerships
   – Continue to engage operationally savvy NPS
     students and leverage faculty expertise in
     addressing problems and development of

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