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Proposal to Buy a Church

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					Firm Foundations
Lesson Titles
 Sunday – Family Affairs
 Monday – Devotion of Ruth
 Tuesday – Boaz
 Wednesday – The Proposal
 Thursday – Redemption
 Friday – The Hand of God in
  History
    Lesson Emphasis
   Week at a Glance:
     “In Boaz and Ruth we can see
     many features that make a good
     foundation for a successful
     marriage and for a faithful life in
     general.”
   Summary:
     “Despite some aspects of their
     situation not being ideal for
     marriage, Boaz and Ruth had the
     essential qualities for a solid
     relationship. Both demonstrated a
     spirit of caring and sharing, and
     both were deeply committed to
     God.”
Background and History
   When did all this happen?
     In our Bibles Ruth is a separate book. In the
     LXX (one of the oldest Bibles) it is a sort of
     appendix to the Book of Judges.

1400 B.C.          Days of the Judges c.350 years   1050 B.C.


                            Time of Ruth

  Rameses the        Palamedes
  Great – Egypt      invented
  • 59 sons          dice
  • 60 daughters             Helen
                            of Troy
 Moab
  Started with Lot and his daughters (Gen.
   19: 36, 37.
  Kinship with the Israelites.
  Religion

•The chief deity of Moab was Chemosh (kemosh), frequently
mentioned in the Old Testament .
•He was the national god of Moab, and it is pretty certain
that he was propitiated by human sacrifices (2 Kings 3:27).
•In Numbers 25, where it is also clear that their idolatrous
worship was corrupt.
Moab
Moab
Moab
 Deut 23:3-6
 1. “Ammonites or Moabites may not join the
    assembly of the LORD. Not one descendant
    of theirs may join the assembly of the LORD
    for ten generations.
 2. “They cannot join because they didn't greet
    you with food and water on your trip from
    Egypt. They even hired Balaam, son of Beor,
    . . . to curse you. . . .
 3. “Never offer them peace or friendship as
    long as you live.” (God’s Word Version)
Customs in the Story
 Widows   and
  mothers-in-law.
 The law of
  levirate marriage.
 Land redemption
  laws and
  customs.
Ruth and Naomi
         Sunday: ―This must have been
         some kind of family: a Hebrew
         mother-in-law to two ―pagan‖
         daughters-in-law wouldn‘t, on the
         surface, seem to form a great
         relationship. It had all the earmarks
         for disaster.
         ―And yet, the dedication to each
         other‘s well-being is phenomenal. We
         don‘t know all that went on in their
         homes, but they obviously had
         something many homes certainly
         could use.‖
Monday – Ruth’s Devotion
              Ruth 1:14,15
              •―Then Orpah kissed her
              mother-in-law goodbye,
              but Ruth held on to her
              tightly.
              •Naomi said, ―Look, your
              sister-in-law has gone
              back to her people and
              to her gods. Go back
              with your sister-in-law.‖
              God’s Word version).
Monday – Ruth’s Devotion
Paulinus of Nola – an Early Church
Father

“But the broad road seduces many, and
those who glide on the easy downward
course are snatched off headlong by sin
that cannot be revoked.” (Poems 27:115).
Moab
 Deut 23:3-6
 1. “Ammonites or Moabites may not join the
    assembly of the LORD. Not one descendant
    of theirs may join the assembly of the LORD
    for ten generations.
 2. “They cannot join because they didn't greet
    you with food and water on your trip from
    Egypt. They even hired Balaam, son of Beor,
    . . . to curse you. . . .
 3. “Never offer them peace or friendship as
    long as you live.” (God’s Word Version)
Monday – Ruth’s Devotion
                Ruth 1:16-18
                •―But Ruth answered, ‗Don't force me
                to leave you. Don't make me turn
                back from following you. Wherever
                you go, I will go, and wherever you
                stay, I will stay. Your people will be my
                people, and your God will be my God.

                •Wherever you die, I will die, and I will
                be buried there with you. May the
                LORD strike me down if anything but
                death separates you and me!‖‘

                •When Naomi saw that Ruth was
                determined to go with her, she ended
                the conversation― (God’s Word
                version).
Becoming a Jew – A
Contemporary Comment
   The Jewish people do not seek proselytes. Our
    Torah tells us that when a would-be proselyte wishes
    to become a Jew, it is our duty to point out to him or
    her all the difficulties this would entail, as well as the
    burden of responsibility that rest upon the Jew in his
    obligation to fulfill the Torah and its commandments.
    We are to show him that he is choosing a very
    difficult path, and a life that is not popular with the
    rest of the world.
   If, despite all these considerations and warnings, the
    person still persists in his or her desire to embrace
    Judaism, then indeed we can be proud to accept
    such a man or woman into our fold, for they will
    surely become devout and sincere Jews.
    (chabad.org)
Boaz – Ruth 2: 1-12
 Ruth  2: 1
 ―Naomi had a relative. He was
  from Elimelech's side of the
  family. He was a man of
  outstanding character named
  Boaz.‖ (GW)
What Did Boaz Know?
 Ruth 2: 11, 12
 ―People have told me about everything you have
  done for your mother-in-law after your husband
  died. They told me how you left your father and
  mother and the country where you were born.
  They also told me how you came to people that
  you didn't know before.
  Deut .– “Never offer them peace or friendship as long as
 May the LORD reward you for what you have
  you live.”
  done! May you receive a rich reward from the
  LORD God of Israel, under whose protection you
  have come for shelter.‖ (GW).
                                 Tuesday - What
                                 Did Boaz Do?
                            1.    He gave Ruth full
                                  encouragement to
                                  glean in his fields.
2.   He provided for her peace of mind by informing
     her that the men had been instructed not to
     bother her.
3.   He provided for her further needs by making his
     drinking water available to her.
4.   He gave her spiritual encouragement.
Wednesday – The Proposal
The ―kinsman-redeemer.‖
The law of levirate
 marriage.
Wednesday – The Proposal
 The ―kinsman-redeemer.‖
 Lev 25:23-25 - ―Land must never be
  sold permanently, because the land is
  mine [the Lord]. To me you are strangers
  without permanent homes.
 People must always have the right to buy
  their property back.
 If your brother becomes poor and sells
  some of his property, then the one who
  can assume responsibility, his nearest
  relative, must buy back what he sold.‖
  (GW version)
Wednesday – The Proposal
―‘The LORD bless him!‘ Naomi
  The ―kinsman-redeemer.‖
said to her daughter-in-law. ‗He
  has not stopped showing his
  kindness to the living and the
  dead.‘ She added, ‗That man
  [Boaz] is our close relative; he
  is one of our kinsman-
  redeemers.‘‖ (NIV)
Wednesday – The Proposal
   Lev. 25: 47-50 – ―If an alien or a
    temporary resident among you becomes
    rich and one of your countrymen
    becomes poor and sells himself to the
    alien living among you or to a member of
    the alien‘s clan, he retains the right of
    redemption after he has sold himself.
    One of his relatives may redeem him: An
    uncle or a cousin or any blood relative in
    his clan may redeem him. Or if he
    prospers, he may redeem himself.‖ (NIV)
Theological Implications
 Jer.   3:14-     ―Return, faithless people,‖ declares
  the LORD, ―for I am your husband‖ (NIV)
 Ruth    4:13-15 – ―So Boaz took Ruth and she
  became his wife. Then he went to her, and the LORD
  enabled her to conceive, and she gave birth to a son.
  The women said to Naomi: ―Praise be to the
  LORD, who this day has not left you without
  a kinsman-redeemer. May he become famous
  throughout Israel! He will renew your life and sustain
  you in your old age. For your daughter-in-law, who
  loves you and who is better to you than seven sons,
  has given him birth‖ (NIV).
Theological Implications
   ―Praise be to the LORD, who this day has not left you
    without a kinsman-redeemer.‖
   Heb 11:13-16 - ―All these people died having faith. They
    didn't receive the things that God had promised them, but they
    saw these things coming in the distant future and rejoiced. They
    acknowledged that they were living as strangers with no
    permanent home on earth. Those who say such things make it
    clear that they are looking for their own country. If they had
    been thinking about the country that they had left,
    they could have found a way to go back. Instead,
    these men were longing for a better country—a
    heavenly country. That is why God is not ashamed
    to be called their God. He has prepared a city for
    them.‖ (GW)
Theological Implications
   Eph 1:11-14 ―In him we were also chosen,
 ―having been predestined according to the plan of him
  who works out everything in conformity with the
  purpose of his will,
 ―in order that we, who were the first to hope in Christ,
  might be for the praise of his glory.
 ―And you also were included in Christ when you heard
  the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation. Having
  believed, you were marked in him with a seal, the
  promised Holy Spirit,
 ―who is a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance until the
  redemption of those who are God‘s possession—to the
  praise of his glory.” (NIV)
Theological Implications
   Isa. 62: 4, 5 – “and your land [God‘s
    people] will be married. As a young man
    marries a maiden, so will your sons marry
    you; as a bridegroom rejoices over his
    bride. so will your God rejoice over you.‖
    (NIV).
   Isa. 54:5 - “For your Maker is your
    husband— the LORD Almighty is his
    name‖ (NIV)
Thursday - Redemption
 Lev. 25:25 - If your brother becomes
  poor and sells some of his property,
  then the one who can assume
  responsibility, his nearest relative,
  must buy back what he sold.‖
Law of Levirate Marriage
   Deut 25:5-10 – ―When brothers live together and one of them
    dies without having a son, his widow must not marry outside the family.
   ―Her husband's brother must marry her and sleep with her. He must do
    his duty as her brother-in-law.
   ―Then the first son she has will carry the dead brother's name so that
    his name won't die out in Israel.
   ―But if the man doesn't want to marry his brother's widow, she must go
    to the leaders of the city at the city gate. She must say, 'My brother-in-
    law refuses to let his brother's name continue in Israel. He doesn't want
    to do his duty as my brother-in-law.‘ Then the leaders of the city must
    summon him and talk to him.
   ―If he persists in saying that he doesn't want to marry her, his brother's
    widow must go up to him in the presence of the leaders. She must take
    off one of his sandals and spit in his face. She must make this formal
    statement: ‗This is what happens to a man who refuses to continue his
    brother's family line.‘
   ―Then in Israel his family will be called the Family of the Man Without a
    Sandal.‖ (GW)
Law of Levirate Marriage
 The most famous Bible story about this
  law is in Genesis 38 – the story of Tamar
  and Judah.
 It is kind of twisted up, but the
  motivation behind what Tamar did is the
  law of levirate marriage.
Ruth 4 - Redemption
              Ruth 3:3,4 – ―Then go
               down to the threshing
               floor, but don‘t let him
               know you are there until
               he has finished eating
               and drinking.
              ―When he lies down,
               note the place where he
               is lying. Then go and
               uncover his feet and lie
               down. He will tell you
               what to do.‖ (NIV).
The Redemption – (Digging a
Little Deeper!)

 Ruth 3:3 – ―Wash and perfume
  yourself, and put on your best clothes.
  Then go down to the threshing floor, but
  don‘t let him know you are there until he
  has finished eating and drinking. (NIV)
The Redemption – (Digging a
Little Deeper!)

 Chrysostom  (Early church Father
  and ―golden tongued‖ orator).
 Agree or Disagree?
 ―Thusthe church was not made
 lovable to her spouse before she
 had forsaken her prior customs.‖
Boaz Confronts the Other
Kinsman
   Ruth 4:1-8 – ―Boaz went to the city gate and sat there. Just then, the relative
    about whom he had spoken was passing by. Boaz said, ―Please come over
    here and sit, my friend.‖ So the man came over and sat down. . . .
   ―The man said, ‗I'll buy back the property‘
   ―Boaz continued, ‗When you buy the field from Naomi, you will also
    assume responsibility for the Moabite Ruth, the dead man's
    widow. This keeps the inheritance in the dead man's name.‘
   ―The man replied, ‗In that case I cannot assume responsibility for her. If I did,
    I would ruin my inheritance. Take all my rights to buy back the property for
    yourself, because I cannot assume that responsibility.‘
   (This is the way it used to be in Israel concerning buying back property and
    exchanging goods: In order to make every matter legal, a man would take off
    his sandal and give it to the other man. This was the way a contract was
    publicly approved in Israel.)
   So when the man said to Boaz, ‗Buy it for yourself,‘ he took off his sandal.‖
    (GW)
The Wedding
How it all Came Out
And They All Lived Happily
 Ever After!
The Rest of the Story

 Ruth   4: 16 – ―Then Naomi took the
 child, laid him in her lap and cared for
 him. The women living there said,
 ‗Naomi has a son.‘ And they named him
 Obed. He was the father of Jesse, the
 father of David.‖ (NIV)
The Rest of the Story
   Ruth 4: 18-22 – ―This, then, is the family line of Perez
    (Tamar and Judah‘s son)
   Perez was the father of Hezron, Hezron the father of Ram,
    Ram the father of Amminadab, Amminadab the father of
    Nahshon, Nahshon the father of Salmon (The man
    Rahab married), Salmon the father of Boaz, Boaz the
    father of Obed (Ruth‘s son), Obed the father of Jesse,
    and Jesse the father of David. (NIV)

   Which leads to Jesus ―The Son of
    David.‖

				
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