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James Cook University Douglas Campus, Townsville University Village Master Plan 125 HASSELL LTD ACN 007 711 435 HASSELL LEVEL 3, 120 EDWARD STREET BRISBANE QLD 4000 AUSTRALIA BRISBANE@HASSELL.COM.AU T 61 7 3017 5757 F 61 7 3017 5777 Table of Contents PROJECT PROJECT NUMBER JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY – UNIVERSITY VILLAGE PBP0875 CLIENT SHEET NUMBER JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY 1 OF 1 Document Issue Status Record DOCUMENT TITLE REPORT 1 Introduction FILE NAME FIRST ISSUE DATE G:\PRO\PLA\08\PBP0875\ADMIN\REPORT\JCU REPORT.IND 14/11/2005 2 The Project Participants 3 JCU Vision 4 The Context Document Page Date Description Checked Issue Revision 5 Site Analysis Number Number 01 05.12.05 Report V1 – Sections 1-5 TMcL 6 The Development Brief 02 06.03.06 Report V4 – Sections 1-5 TMcL 03 10.05.06 Report V5 – Sections 1-5 TMcL 7 The Master Plan 04 26.05.06 Report V6 TMcL 8 The Delivery Framework 05 02.06.06 Report V7 TMcL 9 Master Plan Strategies 06 05.06.06 Report V8 TMcL 07 19.06.06 Report V9 TMcL 10 University Village Strategic Design Guidelines 08 13.07.06 Report V10 TMcL 09 19.07.06 Report V11 TMcL 10 03.08.06 Report V12 TMcL 11 11.08.06 Report V13 TMcL DISCLAIMER This report relies upon the information available at the time of writing. Every reasonable effort has been made by HASSELL to ensure that the information in this report is up to date and accurate. HASSELL does not give any guarantees, undertakings or warranties in relation to the accuracy, completeness and currency of the information. HASSELL will not be liable for any loss or damage suffered by any person or entity arising out of the reliance of any information in this report. 126 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN 1 INTRODUCTION The master plan is to provide direction for the development and refinement of the campus for the next 20 years in the context SECTION of the UV project and in line with JCU’s academic and social goals, capturing the potential for significant qualitative gains for 01 1.1 Background Douglas Campus as well as research spinoffs. It is supported by The recent higher education review and the subsequent reforms a separate Strategic Asset Management Plan which will provide proposed have brought about the partial deregulation of the the necessary financial and implementation inputs to allow JCU higher education system. The outcome of these reforms is to develop its strategic business plan for UV. a requirement for Universities to focus on their strengths and determine the value of the courses offered under their academic programs in a competitive environment. The Federal education 1.2 Intent of the Master Plan reform agenda has been the catalyst for many Australian Universities to review the way in which they deliver their A comprehensive Master Plan should not only be a physical plan academic programs. This changing environment has resulted in but also a holistic guide to the development of a destination, James Cook University reviewing its position to create a vision shaping its identity as a place and ensuring that it is best Adaptable spaces Teaching for its future that optimises the assets of the University and positioned to adapt and evolve over time. integrates it with the wider community. This document integrates the requirements of social, cultural and JCU’s In the Third Millennium document states that the economic development within detailed placemaking strategies to University’s aspiration is to promote “a sense of local ownership provide a blueprint for the community at James Cook University. of the university”. However, achieving this outcome has been To maximise the opportunity inherent in the James Cook significantly impeded by the isolation of the campus from University site, the Master Plan must consider a broad range of the community it seeks to serve. The University Village (UV) issues including: proposal provides an opportunity to redress the perceived — exploring the optimal market positioning; isolation problem. Broadly, it involves the closer integration of the University into the surrounding urban environment through — determining the essential ingredients required to deliver this the establishment of residential and commercial zones within positioning successfully; the University precinct. — the University’s educational, community, ESD and commercial JCU’s vision is “to be acknowledged by 2010 as one of the goals; top five universities in the world enhancing life in the tropics — capitalising on the strategic development opportunities that are through education and research.” The overriding objective presented by both internal and external factors; and of the master plan for UV is to support JCU in its vision by — building critical mass in identified areas of academic and Endemic vegetation Students walking through campus providing the catalyst for a built environment with the amenity research excellence. expected of a leading tropical university. JCU intends to use commercial and residential development of its land resource at Douglas Campus as a principal source of funds to achieve the vision. 1 SECTION Summary of Master Planning Process 01 1 SITUATION ANALYSIS 2 OPTION ANALYSIS 3 MASTER PLAN DOCUMENTATION 4 PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION Timing 1-2 months 2-3 months 5 months On-going Objectives To agree objectives and gain an understanding To identify and develop a preferred master plan Design and document the preferred master plan Initiation of actions necessary for delivery of of development constraints and opportunities for option for the site. option. preferred strategy option. the site. Deliver outcomes by JCU and the project team. Approach — Project establishment. — Undertake detailed investigations as necessary. — Initiate actions arising from the option analysis. — Initiate actions arising from masterplan including: — Confirm JCU’s principles and objectives — Test outcomes from detailed investigations and — Second design charette. — detailed physical planning; including the broader strategic outcomes. identify preferred options including: — Detailed physical masterplanning. — obtain and implement stakeholder — Review current property and planning information. — market; — Prepare additional layers and textual companions. communication/ consultation; and — Undertake gap analysis. — planning; — Prepare supporting documents and reports. — obtain necessary statutory approvals. — Prepare site analysis plan. — commercial/ financial; and — Prepare appropriate planning/ design controls — Review commercial and financial structures. — Identify key stakeholders - internal and external. — stakeholder. to support master plan including plan showing — Develop preferred funding or partnering — Issues charette (workshop). — Timeframe to address both physical and planning precincts. structures to support desired outcomes. — Review and identify key opportunities and needs. — Manage stakeholder consultation. — Identify potential purchasers/ lessees partners/ constraints including: — Determine key decision points in order to — Respond to issues. financiers. — physical; maintain flexibility and control over time. — Prepare ESD and amenity design guidelines. — Manage risk profile/ strategy and adjust as — financial; — Design charette. — Prepare financial plan and development staging necessary. — commercial; and — Preliminary valuation of lands. plan. — Project manage necessary approvals, — other. — Preliminary determination of infrastructure infrastructure works and divestment. — Identify broad development options. upgrades and cost. — Involve and inform JCU at all stages. — Test outcomes of each option, physical and — Develop issues management/ communications financial, and produce preliminary financial plan. strategy and community engagement plan. — Undertake initial discussions with key internal and external stakeholders. Outcomes — An identification and understanding of — Preferred masterplan option (conceptual plan — JCU approved Master Plan. — Implement and deliver infrastructure works. opportunities and constraints, key issues and of development) identified and evaluated — Platform for JCU to seek planning approval and — Manage sale process in accordance with agreed detailed planning needs identified. which meets the vision for UV. Support of key realise value from the site. strategy. stakeholders for preferred option. — Prepare a plan identifying development precincts. — Submit and receive JCU masterplan approval. 2 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN 1.3 Team The US based Morrison Institute for Public Policy has SECTION recognised that globally, the traditional style and elements of The integrated Master Plan has been produced by a multidisciplinary team in collaboration with JCU Facilities “downtown development” are no longer as attractive to the creative professionals, artists and the young single lifestyle 01 Management Office, CRI + HASSELL and Maunsell AECOM. cohorts that these areas are trying to target. Instead, these JCU Facilities Management Office - initial concept, project audiences are seeking places that offer “smaller-scale, quality- scoping, review and direction of-life amenities as well as a vibrant street life (typified by cafés, CRI - property advice, property development and project restaurants, music venues, art galleries), top-notch university management. and research facilities and live-work spaces”. HASSELL - town planning, urban design, landscape Drawing upon the collective thinking of Richard Florida, Joel architecture, and architecture. Kotkin, Edward Glaeser and Bill Bishop inter alia, the Morrison Institute has identified a set of six prevailing characteristics Maunsell AECOM - civil, traffic, environmental and water that commonly underpin successful and highly valued creative engineering. places in the 21st Century. These characteristics are defined as: 1.4 Methodology 1. a quality natural environment; The project methodology includes the following four key phases: 2. distinctive urban amenities, particularly “peculiar attributes” that are “difficult to duplicate and which cater to highly educated Phase 1 : Situation Analysis people”; Phase 2 : Options Development 3. choice, responding to a range of lifestyle preferences; Phase 3 : Master Plan Documentation 4. smart and innovative with greater cultural capacity and Phase 4 : Project Implementation “institutional thickness” (or presence of cultural and education institutions); 5. “hipness”, tolerance and an entrepreneurial culture; and 1.5 The New Realities of Successful Places 6. easily accessible with a range of transport options and good Places differ considerably in their ability to attract and retain local amenities and services. talented and skilled people and therefore compete at a local, In other words, there is an emerging market opportunity world- regional, national and international level. There is a growing wide for a different kind of live-work environment. This will acceptance that today’s choices about the places where people necessitate changes to the well established approaches to inner wish to live, study or work are no longer driven simply by city developments. The challenge is how to translate this into the conventional lifestyle elements of location, amenity and the master plan for James Cook University. environment. Instead, it is the emerging attributes of opportunity, innovation, creativity, authenticity and entrepreneurship that are increasingly more powerful attractors. 3 2 THE PROJECT PARTICIPANTS — The University has the major responsibility in its very large catchment area for the teaching of a broad range of disciplines, and UV aims to enrich the experience of students at JCU and thereby foster strong attachments to the university which will persist it will continue to determine the breadth of its coverage according to throughout their lives. The special place envisaged by UV will strategic decisions informed by changing society demands and the encourage former students to return from time to time for spiritual SECTION 2.1 James Cook University resources available. renewal and possibly to undertake further studies. As such, the 02 James Cook University (JCU) is Australia’s leading tropical research university. — Through its strategic commitment to internationalisation, JCU is becoming a major provider of higher education to overseas contribution of the university community is important to the design process. It is a multi-campus university with the main sites located in the students, not only by bringing students from other countries to The secondary stakeholders have been identified as including the vibrant tropical Queensland cities of Townsville and Cairns. Smaller study at its campuses and study centres in Australia, but also following. sites are located in Mount Isa, Mackay and Thursday Island. by teaching in offshore centres in partnership with in-country — Australia Post institutions. — Catholic Education Office JCU offers courses in a broad range of study areas and has a strong research focus, particularly in matters relating to life in the tropics. — CETD, c/- Department Public Works Some of the features that individually distinguish James Cook — CSIRO University and that help to define its unique combination of 2.2 Stakeholders — Department of Defence strengths, responsibilities, and challenges are as follows. The delivery of the vision for the JCU University Village has involved — Department of Education, Science and Training contributions from primary and secondary stakeholders. The — Department of Transport — JCU is a multi-campus, medium-sized Australian regional primary stakeholder group is the JCU community, comprising — Department of Natural Resources & Mines university with a broad curriculum and a very strong research focus. students and academic and general staff. Students are the — It is one of the most successful research universities in regional most significant group and includes past and future students. — Department of Public Works Australia, and receives high levels of international recognition Consultation with primary and secondary stakeholders was — Department of State Development and Innovation for a number of its areas of research. It also has a relatively high conducted via workshops and regular meetings. — Education Queensland proportion of research students. — Environmental Protection Authority The workshops were: — JCU plays a major part in the enhancement of the intellectual — Launch Pad Workshop - 16 November 2005; — Ergon Energy capital of the region. It is the region’s premier provider of — Thuringowa City Council — Design Workshop - 7 & 8 December 2005; and professional graduates, most of whom choose to practice and work — Townsville Chamber of Commerce Inc in the region. — Second Design Workshop - 19 April 2006. — Townsville City Council — A significant number of JCU students are amongst the first The University Village Advisory Group (UVAG) was formed to — Townsville Enterprise generation of their families to have gained access to university provide a forum for ideas development, airing of concerns, — Townsville Health Service District education. JCU also has a high proportion of indigenous students preliminary testing of concepts and for review of UV plans at a — Adjoining landowners and is particularly alert to the need to enhance cultural and more detailed level than is possible at the design workshops. intellectual understanding between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Membership comprises academic and general staff, post graduate, Australians. undergraduate and international students from all faculties and divisions. UVAG conducted regular meetings facilitated by the JCU Facilities Management Office as well as discussion via an email discussion group. Through a feedback process, the input of UVAG has modified the master plan as it was developed. 4 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN 2.3 Priority Objectives Sustainability James Cook University’s seven priority objectives are: To ensure that the current operations of James Cook University embed sustainability into its financial, environmental, social/ Reputation cultural, and governance policies and practices. SECTION To sustain and promote the position of James Cook University as a university of international standing, committed to excellence in teaching, research and scholarship, and with a clear tropical and 02 regional focus. Participation To secure a level of funded places for JCU which responds to and reflects the needs of the region, and to promote and facilitate the participation of those relatively under-represented in higher education, especially indigenous people. Engagement Research Graduation To continue the process of engagement with its region so that the University is increasingly an integral and inseparable element of the economic, cultural and intellectual life of northern Queensland. Internationalisation To reflect the increasingly globalised nature of society and international competitiveness by developing the international dimensions of the University’s teaching, learning, research, and culture. Consolidation To develop the full potential of the Cairns and Townsville campuses within a unified James Cook University identity, and to foster in its outreach sites an increasing sense of being integral parts of the JCU community. Integration Design Workshop - December 2005 JCU landscaped linkages between facilities JCU student noticeboard To foster an organisational environment which supports and values the work of all members of the University community as it seeks to achieve its shared goals. 5 3 JCU VISION There will also be an opportunity for a commercial precinct which has strong research links to the University. To a large degree this can be achieved through removal of physical barriers and inserting commercial, artistic and residential activity Consolidation in and around the campus however UV will also have a community At present JCU Douglas Campus is very much an institutional facility development component. UV will foster community networking with almost no life outside of standard teaching times, and lacking at UV will enable consolidation of JCU Townsville academic activity to between the university and commerce, industry, the arts, service times the balance necessary to create a vibrant, living village. within the main campus. organisations and the like. Accidental and informal conversations The project intent for the University Village is to create a physical Amenities between these groups and across disciplines will generate SECTION environment which has, among its target audiences, both immediate UV will provide opportunity for an upgrade to civil infrastructure opportunity for new and unexpected initiatives towards JCU’s 03 and lasting associations with JCU as: such as roads, pedestrian and cycle linkages, utilities and parkland. mission. i) a tropical university of the first rank; Sustainable Development ii) having a vibrant academic, social, artistic and commercial life; UV has the makings of an exemplar of sustainable development iii) being an exemplar of sustainable development; and in the tropics. In association with JCU’s Centre for Tropical Urban and Regional Planning (CTURP), UV can be a living laboratory for iv) being of the community rather than apart from it; sustainable tropical urban living and JCU can adopt a position of such that JCU Douglas becomes a mini university town. Such a leadership in the field. UV could also be adopted as a flagship campus would support and promote JCU in its drive to become a project for the Centre of Excellence in Tropical Design, which was world-class tropical university. established in Townsville as an initiative under the 2004 Year of the Built Environment. University Village will be beneficial for Townsville and Thuringowa. 3.1 Elements of the University Village All of the above will take place in developments sympathetic to the JCU envisages that the University Village will have the following environment and bushland setting of the campus. elements. Community Residential UV has the means to enrich the JCU community and to build links There will be a residential precinct with a variety of residential styles with the broader Townsville/ Thuringowa community. It will change for the University community. Academics, support staff and students the campus from an isolated place of learning into an accessible will be able to live with their families within walking distance of their and welcoming place, firmly embedded in the community. UV places of study or work. envisages surrounding residents participating in university life as lecturers, tutors or general staff and as consumers of university Commercial programs and events, all living the notion of life long education. In Cafes, meeting places, convenience stores and bars will be at key this manner the university will enrich the lives of the community and locations generating life and places for people to meet, socialise, the community will add life to the university. exchange news and ideas and, in general, build a solid social base for the University community. Sporting facilities, conference and hotel facilities also appeal as adding to the social and academic fabric of the University. Humanities 2 - Administration 6 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN JCU’s Mission James Cook University will advance the economic, social, cultural, intellectual and environmental well-being of tropical Queensland, the nation, and the world by delivering world- class education and research outcomes across the range of disciplines, with particular emphasis SECTION on subjects of special relevance to the tropics and its locations in Australia and the Asia-Pacific Integrated and connected community 03 region. Tropical vegetation JCU’s Vision To be acknowledged by 2010 as one of the top five universities of the world, enhancing life in the tropics through education and research. School of Medicine: Anton Breinl Centre Research 7 4 THE CONTEXT — a Regional Structure Plan that identifies the preferred nature and distribution of major land uses and activities in the region. The Amongst other recommendations, the TTIRTP provides for: — extension of the Douglas Arterial Road to Deeragun, via Condon, to Regional Structure Plan also includes a preferred broad sequence form a Townsville ring road (new bridge over Ross River recently The JCU Townsville campus is located within a natural landscape of development for the region to guide the planning and investment completed); and at the bottom of a series of foothills associated with Mount Stuart, activities of government agencies and the private sector; and approximately nine kilometres to the south-west of Townsville — designation of future high-capacity public transport corridors, to — proposed arrangements for the implementation, monitoring and service anticipated population growth beyond 2015, including future central business district. . review of the TTSP linkage to longer-term growth areas at Rocky Springs and Mount Low/ Burdell. Implications for JCU Townsville-Thuringowa Strategy Plan The TTSP designates: Implications for JCU SECTION The Townsville–Thuringowa Strategy Plan (TTSP) is the product of a regional planning exercise undertaken cooperatively between the — recognition of the scenic rim, incorporating Mount Stuart; and The ring road will improve public access (including cycle) between 04 Queensland Government, Townsville City Council and Thuringowa City Council, with the involvement of key community interest — the existing urban area as the primary focus for future growth in the region – including consolidating development at existing centres to Thuringowa Central, the Townsville Hospital and JCU. groups. It forms part of the State Government’s wider regional encourage more efficient use of existing infrastructure. planning program for significant growth areas in Queensland. University Village will contribute towards these objectives. Regional Summary The TTSP region comprises the two local government areas of The Regional Analysis Map (over) summarises key regional issues Townsville City and Thuringowa City. affecting the potential location of JCU facilities. The TTSP has been endorsed by both State and Local governments Townsville-Thuringowa Integrated Regional as a guiding framework and resource document for the cooperative management of population growth and economic, environmental Transport Plan and social issues in the Townsville–Thuringowa region. The Townsville-Thuringowa Integrated Regional Transport Plan The principal components of the TTSP are: (TTIRTP) - prepared by Queensland Transport, Department of Main Roads, Townsville City Council and Thuringowa City Council — a Regional Overview describing the characteristics and key issues - advances the recommendations of the TTSP in respect of and values in the region; establishing and supporting Townsville and Thuringowa’s current — a Vision for the region; and future transport needs. A key emphasis of the TTIRTP is the integration of land use, transport and community and government — a set of Regional Planning Policies comprising goals, principles, needs to produce an overall framework for the future. priority actions and responsible agencies to guide planning and decision making on key regional issues; 8 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN SECTION 04 9 5 SITE ANALYSIS 5.1 Site Location The JCU Townsville campus is located within a natural bushland setting at the bottom of a series of foothills on the edge of town, approximately three kilometres to the south-west of the Aitkenvale central business district. Most campus buildings are designed to blend in with the natural environment. Major land uses surrounding the campus include Lavarack Barracks (the Department of Defence), to the south and east, and Townsville Hospital to the north. There are residential uses, including SECTION ‘traditional residential’ and ‘neighbourhood residential’, located north-west of the campus. 05 New residential development has been occurring to the north and west of the site. Mount Stuart has a significant role in JCU’s contextual landscape. It also forms part of the natural southern rim to the University. From JCU towards Townsville CBD. 10 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN 5.2 Site Context The 381ha campus is located off the Bruce Highway south of the regional Townsville Hospital. Views and vistas of Mount Stuart lay to the south/ west/ east of the campus. The majority of existing educational facilities are situated along and within James Cook Drive. The University Hall adjacent to the Student Mall and freehold colleges: John Flynn, St. Mark’s, St. Raphael’s, and St Paul’s Colleges, is a major activity node within the campus. Land to the east of University Creek is used for veterinary and agricultural teaching and experimentation. The Western Campus includes a small educational facility for the Schools of Education and Humanities, and approximately 20ha of sports fields, including a swimming pool, oval, football fields, SECTION tennis courts, and squash courts. ‘Riverside Gardens’, a 207ha residential development along Ross River, is located immediately north-west of the campus 05 across Angus Smith Drive. Earthworks are currently being prepared for Riverside Ridge, a new residential estate to the west of the campus. The Townsville Hospital incorporates the Townsville General Hospital and Kirwan Hospital for Women. It offers world-class healthcare services in a state of the art healthcare facility. It is the largest regional hospital in provincial Australia and supports the local community (Townsville and Thuringowa regions) as well as people in the north to Thursday Island and Papua New Guinea, west to Mount Isa and south to Sarina. A significant proportion of the campus’ property boundaries are shared with Lavarack Barracks. Lavarack Barracks is the home of the regular army’s Third Brigade, plus support and logistics units. More than 4,000 soldiers serve in Lavarack, most of them with the Brigade. 11 5.3 1964 Master Plan The 1964 Master Plan created the physical framework for the potential growth of University for Northern Queensland, which was the former name for James Cook University. The Master Plan of University College of Townsville/ University for Northern Queensland Master Plan 1964 set strong geographical axes, which outlined the road network, building orientation, and significant vista. The three major axes: Panoramic Axis through Magnetic Island; Mount Stuart Axis; and Axis Through Natural Amphitheatre in Hills underpinned the concept of the university layout. There are several principles outlined by the Master Plan document in Layout; Buildings, and Landscape including the following. SECTION — The main academic group is encircled by a peripheral road and will 05 consist of a series of buildings with access both from the road and a series of inner spaces or courts. — The separation of pedestrian and vehicular traffic on the campus. — Pedestrian ways extend throughout the length of the campus; parallel lines of communication connect car parks and academic precincts, and provide a criss-cross pattern of pedestrian and bicycle tracks. — The Great Hall and the Main Library are symbolic in nature and are in the geographical central positions. — Buildings are to be designed to ensure comfort in tropical conditions and to be in character with the site. — All pedestrian walks should be shaded and clear space provided under buildings. — Landscaping should be used liberally to serve a dual purpose of providing shade and enhancing the setting/ definition for the University. — The axes of the layout form approximately an equilateral triangle and create vistas which capitalise on the natural views in the surrounding landscape. 12 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN 5.4 Land Ownership The majority of the campus is held in freehold title by the University. The exceptions are the three colleges: — John Flynn; — St Mark’s College; and — St Raphael’s College/ St Paul’s College. SECTION 05 13 5.5 Topography The site has a strong undulating landform character with several minor gully lines falling to natural creeks through to the north Ross River through Annandale Botanic Gardens and Palmetum Park. There are two main waterways traversing the campus: east of the ring road from south-east to north and south-west to north- east crossing the ring road. University Creek is the largest and least altered tributary entering the lower reaches of Ross River and is a significant corridor for land and water bound species. University Creek provides a natural habitat for the spawning and growth of SECTION numerous native fish species. The upper (southern) section of the eastern arm of the creek to the east of the campus ring road 05 and further upstream between the tributaries, is considered to be of significance due to its unaltered state. The western arm is not considered to be as valuable due to altered hydrology as a consequence of creek diversion and channelisation. The JCU campus is a basin bounded by the mountains. The south-west and south-east sides of the campus comprise hillside slopes exceeding grades of 1 in 10 towards the campus boundary. The accompanying plan has been prepared using contour data available at the time. Ground truthing suggests that the slope in the southern part of the site may be exaggerated. Therefore a detailed site survey is required to confirm slope. Along the southern boundary of the JCU site 14 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN 5.6 Regional Ecosystem Regional ecosystem mapping by the Environmental Protection Agency is a descriptive database inclusive of regional ecosystems recognised since 1999. The regional ecosystem overlays illustrated on the accompanying map suggest that the ecosystems within and adjoining the site are ‘Not of Concern’. A regional ecosystem is listed as ‘Not of Concern’ under the Vegetation Management Act 1999 if: Remnant vegetation is over 30 per cent of its preclearing extent across the bioregion, and the remnant area is greater than 10,000 hectares. The ‘situation’ column in the legend describes topographical SECTION and geological conditions. The ‘species’ column describes for the ecosystems within the site are predominately Melaleuca, Corymbia and Eucalyptus species. 05 Creek to the east of the James Cook Drive 15 5.7 Movement The original planning of the University located the main entrance of the campus at Angus Smith Drive/ Joseph Banks Road, which is at the north-east corner of the campus. Following the construction of Townsville Hospital, James Cook Drive was linked to the Bruce Highway and to Townsville Hospital via two roundabouts. The secondary entrance roads are Discovery Road, from the Bruce Highway at the north-east of the campus, and Parkinson Road, from the Angus Smith Drive at the north-west of the Western Campus. SECTION 5.8 Network 05 The two major arterial roads connected to the University are Angus Smith Drive at the north-west and University Road (Bruce Highway) at the north-east . James Cook Drive is an internal ring road and functions as the major collector/ distributor of campus traffic. Various short lengths of road provide access directly to buildings and carparks. All roads within the University are currently owned and maintained by the University. The mobility network within the campus is dominated by vehicle movements, including internal trips within the campus. The pedestrian and bicycle routes through the campus are not well defined. A separate bicycle path is located at the main entrance to the University and directs bicycles generally towards the Humanities cluster. Elsewhere, cyclists and motorists share road space. A developed bike path system may be able to attract more cyclists. 16 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN — Identification and documentation of aboriginal groups with traditional custodianship of the land and in consultation with 5.9 Public Transport those groups, identify representatives who can assist in the Sunbus operates a regular 30 minute public bus service to assessment of places of significance including archaeological James Cook University at the bus stops identified on the sites, natural sites and story sites; accompanying mobility plan. — Develop a plan of consultation in which: The versatility and scope of public transport could be improved. i) representatives of indigenous communities can be informed Currently buses are the only public transport option. The bus of the University Village development and feedback can be service operates more than 60 buses through JCU per day. Bus obtained; and patronage is generally low, averaging five persons per trip, with ii) a communication arrangement is set up to enable dialogue the cost of fares indicated as the major impediment to greater between JCU and indigenous communities as the project utilisation. proceeds. — Conduct an archaeological investigation over land subject to SECTION development to identify the location of culturally significant 5.10 Parking Approximately 3,600 car parking spaces, both sealed and sites likely to be impacted by the University Village development including: 05 unsealed, are located around the University, providing both i) stone artefact scatters; “Permit” and free parking. Parking surveys have indicated a high utilisation profile in some areas with any complaints usually ii) culturally significant vegetation; and relating to the distance to be walked. iii) archaeological sites, natural sites, story sites etc. — Develop means of mitigating any negative impacts on cultural heritage values and enhancing positive impacts; and 5.11 Cultural Heritage — Identify opportunities in this regard such as naming Cultural heritage on the site is not well documented. JCU conventions, interpretive signs, incorporation of food plants into wishes to acknowledge and promulgate indigenous cultural the landscape design and so on. Such opportunities are to be heritage values in the University Village development and an documented for consideration by JCU. early implementation task will be to undertake a cultural heritage survey. Key elements will be as follows. — Research of existing documentation of prior work into the cultural heritage of the affected areas and more generally to surrounding areas to establish the regional context of indigenous cultural heritage; 17 5.12 Potential Developable Land The University campus is bounded by the Lavarack Barracks to the south and east, and Angus Smith Drive to the north. A total of 95ha of land is between RL.65 and the highest extent of the site. There is also 121.6ha of land used for JCU educational purposes; 9.6ha for sports field; 10.5ha of freehold colleges; 8.5ha of the creeks; and 205ha of potential developable land. There are several different conditions of the potential developable land. The accompanying plan categorises the potential developable land into three levels: high; medium; and least constrained area. These levels are based on physical constraints. The highly constrained developable areas (54.1ha) are situated above RL 100. The medium constrained developable areas (46.8ha), have some SECTION facilities and structures, including existing sports fields and the day care centre. The least constrained developable areas (130.1ha) 05 have a limited number of buildings that can be built around or demolished, e.g. Western Campus, as the cost of refurbishing or upgrading is prohibitive. View south from Western Campus towards the adjacent residential development 18 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN 5.13 Existing Infrastructure and Services On the Western Campus, the University again controls the sewer reticulation system, up to a Townsville City Council pump station At the time of its initial development, the Douglas Campus located adjacent to the end of Joseph Banks Avenue. The Pump was relatively isolated from the balance of Townsville and the Station pumps its sewerage to the same manhole at the start of development of much of its infrastructure since that time has the south western trunk sewer. generally been independent of the major service providers. This TCC manhole also receives flow from the Riverside Ridge a) Water Supply and Riverside Gardens developments. It is likely that the The existing water supply network to the eastern campus capacity of this system to accept a major increase in flows due comprises 100mm to 250mm diameter reticulation mains fed to University Village is limited. from a booster pump station located adjacent to Angus Smith c) Stormwater Drainage Drive. While the booster pump previously pumped water from the 300mm Townsville City Council (TCC) water main to both The site slopes generally from south to north with a number a 1.55ML balance reservoir and the reticulation mains, the of existing streams including University Creek. Previous reservoir is now off-line. development has already re-routed one major creek. While the SECTION lower end of University Creek has been severely modified over The water supply booster pump station has been set up to provide a pressurised system utilising variable speed drive pumps. The installation has been designed to allow future the last 30 years, moves are underway to improve the aquatic habitat. In the upper reaches of University Creek, there are 05 valuable native environmental creek lines. augmentation to an output pressure of 90 metres, which will allow development to higher areas to the south. Existing stormwater pipe drainage has been located to suit existing stormwater paths and generally discharging into these All water supply assets including the booster pump station are creeks. No end of pipe pollution devices are currently installed. owned and maintained by the University. All stormwater assets on the University are currently owned and b) Sewerage maintained by the University. The University is primarily gravity sewered by a reticulation d) Electrical network of pipes, following the natural fall of the ground from south to north. On the eastern side of the site, the pipes A large ERGON electrical substation is located to the Northern converge at a TCC manhole which is the start of its south edge of the University site. Currently the University receives its western trunk sewer, which is located at the northern edge of power supply directly from this substation and then distributes the James Cook Drive. The sewer reticulation system serving high voltage power throughout the University through its own this entire eastern campus area is owned and maintained by the high voltage distribution network. Low voltage power is then University. obtained from a number of smaller transformers around the site. All electrical assets on the University are currently owned and maintained by the University. 19 5.14 Site Attributes and Opportunities 5.14.3 Slope and Drainage Site Attributes The campus has the following physical site characteristics; The characteristics of the JCU Douglus Campus are described — Steep Land, approximate 120ha of land is over 1:10; and below. — Natural drainage corridors should be retained; 5.14.1 Width of James Cook Drive James Cook Drive is the main ring road of the campus and is 30m in width for the majority of its length. The width of the ring road results in a lack of enclosure and subsequently reduces the sense of activity and vitality of the space. Students walking towards the University Administration precinct - poor internal linkage SECTION 05 Steep sloping parts of the site View south-west along James Cook Drive Veterinary Science Building - inactive building frontage 5.14.2 Poorly Defined Spaces 5.14.4 Built Form Existing buildings do not address the ring road and therefore creates Ageing educational facilities and poorly integrated built form have inactive edges. There is an opportunity to increase spatial definition resulted in an illegible campus. There is an opportunity to create along streets, roads and spaces between the buildings to provide an more active spaces which will generate a greater sense of place and identifiable gateway and active ‘spine‘ to the university. legibility for the campus. 5.14.5 Connectivity Poor internal linkages and quality of open space have resulted in the segregation of the campus. There is an opportunity to provide linkages with shade and better define spaces. These measures will enhance integration across the campus. 20 View south towards the Library JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN SECTION 05 21 Opportunities 5.14.8 Movement 5.14.10 Site Attributes The opportunities associated with the development of the site are Movement corridors adjacent to built form present an opportunity The site and its surrounds presents a number of intrinsic resources. described below. to significantly improve connectivity. East-west corridor alignment An amphitheatre setting, natural watercourses, visual connections allows north-south building orientation. to Magnetic Island, connections to transport corridors and 5.14.6 Improve James Cook Drive Streetscape opportunities for panoramic views are potential valuable site An opportunity exists for a coordinated, high-quality approach to the attributes. streetscape treatment along James Cook Drive. These would need to address pedestrian and cyclist routes along the main road. 5.14.11 Context The site is set in a context whereby adjoining sites are adding value 5.14.7 Active Street Uses to the University. Townsville Hospital and the Australian Technical Opportunities exist for the introduction of a mixture of uses to College are both advancing the knowledge hub, focusing on JCU. promote sensitive integration between retail, commercial, residential and entertainment with educational uses. Riverside Gardens and Riverside Ridge, both residential projects, are creating a catchment for the University. Defined spaces between the buildings at Medical School courtyard SECTION JCU is in a position to capitalise on the opportunities presented by 05 5.14.9 University Heart the adjoining land uses. The University currently lacks a strong physical meeting point. Both 5.14.12 Natural Environment the Library and the Refectory act as nodes, without a strong sense of The natural environment is a dry tropical landscape which is valued ‘campus identity’. There is an opportunity to create a ‘sacred space’ by the JCU community. The landscape includes creek corridors or ceremonial heart. which offer a contrasting experience to the balance of the campus. An opportunity exists to blend the natural environment into the master plan with many consequential benefits. Active street frontage at James Street precinct, Brisbane Natural Environment - creek to the east of James Cook Drive Academic Centre - the library at JCU Townsville 22 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN SECTION 05 23 6 The Development Brief 6.1.1 Population Growth 6.1.2 Age Profile The population of regional Townsville currently stands at 157,000 The number of children and young people between the ages of 5-19 with approximately 100,000 people residing within the Townsville years have increased in Townsville between 1996 and 2001. This This section outlines the current property market in Townsville and City Council local government area and the balance of the reflects the movement of families into Townsville, and particularly identifies potential opportunities in the broader market which may population within the City of Thuringowa. to the new residential areas which have been developed since the be appropriate for the Douglas Campus of James Cook University Between 1996 and 2001 Census the regional population of 1996 Census. having regard to: Townsville grew from 132,667 people to 145,879 people. This The current Townsville Region population continues to be younger — Demographics; represented a 10.0% increase over the 5 year period. than for Queensland and Australia, with 62.0% being aged less It has been estimated that Townsville’s regional population will than 40 years compared with 56.8% for Queensland and 56.6% for — Key industries; Australia. A total of 9.3% of the Townsville Region’s population is increase at a rate of 8.7% until the year 2011 when a population of — Economic strength; and 174,000 is forecast. aged 65 years and over, compared with 12.4% in Queensland and 12.6% in Australia. — Property Market. These projections are based on a consistent annual growth rate of between 2% and 3% over the past 30 years. 6.1.3 Housing The following table outlines projected residential populations until The latest Census data has revealed that 29.7% of housing is owned The following table highlights the strength of the Townsville the year 2026. with no debt, 34.8% is rented with 28.8% owned with debt. Due to economy and the potential for further growth when compared with the large public sector workforce and Defence Forces personnel the the broader Queensland economy. SECTION region has a comparatively higher level of rental housing and lower 06 proportion of home ownership. 6.1 Key Indicators Projected Resident Population Townsville & Thuringowa 30 June 2006, 2011, 2016, 2021 and 2026 6.1.4 Employment Regional Economic Performance Indicators Year Low Medium High The rate of workforce participation has increased in the region Townsville 2006 98,763 99,564 100,544 Indicator Townsville Thuringowa Queensland 2011 103,048 105,230 107,538 since 1986 across the areas of health, education, recreational Population Growth Strong 1.9% Strong 3.1% Strong 2.1% 2016 105,979 110,241 114,673 and community services. In recent times there have been 2021 107,474 114,471 121,897 2026 108,537 118,653 129,001 major increases in the number of people working in the mining Building Approvals Strong Strong Solid Thuringowa 2006 60,098 60,586 61,030 industry, retail, government services, defence forces and property/ Unemployment Dec 04 5.8% 5% 4.7% 2011 67,738 69.003 70,031 construction, particularly during the last Census period. 2016 75,177 77,846 80,234 Employment Skills shortages Skills shortages Skills shortages 2021 82,333 86,928 91,427 The 2001 Census indicated that the unemployment rates of Economic Growth Excellent Excellent Strong 2026 89,115 96,233 103,441 Townsville and Thuringowa areas were 8.8% and 8.0% respectively. Major Industries Government, Government, Mining, Retail, Excerpt from Population and Housing Fact Sheet, December 2003, Queensland Department of Local Government and Defence, Defence, Health, Finance, Tourism Planning Since then unemployment rates have declined significantly with Education, Refineries Construction Reﬁneries Townsville and Thuringowa recording unemployment rates of 5.8% Note The low and high series projections are intended to form upper and lower limits of potential population futures. It is possible that unforseen and 5% respectively in December 2004. Economy Broad based Broad based Broad based events or factors not modelled in the projection methodology may Housing Affordability Excellent Excellent Weak occur. Currently, the Planning and Information Forecasting Unit (PIFU) recommended the use of the medium series, but this may be reviewed Mortgage Affordability Excellent Excellent Weak from time to time. Colliers Report Sources: OESR, DEWR, North Australia Economics, Northern Property Report, Townsville Economic Muster, 24 REIQ, Courier Mail May 7-8 2005 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN 6.1.5 Economy 6.2 JCU Academic and Research Activities/ Growth The following table summarises the current and future floor Townsville serves as the public sector administrative centre for 6.2.1 Overview space for the University: northern Queensland covering the areas of public administration, The Douglas Campus currently has a student population of some Current 2026 education, defence, health and community services. This is due 10,600 enrolled students (7,500 Equivalent Full Time Student 2 GFA (m ) 100,557 141,886 to the presence of a major Defence Force base at Townsville, the Load [EFTSL]). Based on forecast population growth, and 2 UFA (m ) 72,987 102,985 new hospital and James Cook University serving some 10,600 considering historical trends, student numbers are likely to grow No. of Students (EFTSL) 7509 10596 enrolled students including a new medical school which opened to approximately 15,200 by 2026 (10600 EFTSL). in the year 2000. 2 GFA per EFTSL (m ) 13.4 13.4 Factors impacting on this growth will be the international student As a consequence of the population growth there has been flow market, the courses offered by JCU and the competitiveness of Buildings that could be demolished and replaced overtime, on economic growth in the personal services sector, sporting JCU in the Higher Education sector over time. including the Western Campus will require the replacement and recreational activities. of 22,000 sqm of space, in addition to the increase in GFA It has been suggested that growth in numbers is occurring in the identified in the table above. Tourism remains a strong aspect of the regional economy with “non traditional” courses, such as those offered in the Medical, scope for further growth. Health and Molecular Science Faculty. This will have implications 6.2.3 Student Accommodation New business registrations in the Townsville area have grown for the type of space and facilities that will need to be developed. There is currently provision for 1,470 beds on campus, in a from 317 registrations in 1999 to 1248 registrations in 2005, 6.2.2 Academic Core mixture of University owned and operated facilities, and privately reflective of the strong business environment in Townsville. owned and operated colleges. A proportion of students also The Academic Core currently occupies approximately 57.9 occupy private rental market accommodation off site in the SECTION The economy appears strong with expansion of mineral hectares of the total site, largely concentrated within and processing facilities, upgrading of defence facilities together with construction of new apartment buildings and residential adjacent to the Ring Road (excepting the Western Campus). It is characterised by low rise buildings spread over across a Riverside Gardens development. With the exception of George Roberts Hall and Rotary 06 estates to meet population growth. significant area. This results in the need for students to drive International House, the current facilities on site are all older Major development and infrastructure projects that have been between classes. style, fully catered accommodation. completed or are in advanced planning include: The main Western Campus buildings originally formed the The ability to provide for future additional demand for this kind — $300m Railway Yards Redevelopment; Townsville Teachers College which opened in 1969. In 1975 the of accommodation will be heavily dependant upon the ability to college was granted advanced education status and changed its attract interest from the private sector to participate. This could — $171m Lavarack Barracks Upgrade (stage 4); name to the Townsville College of Advanced Education. In 1981 take the form of an expansion to an existing third party provider — $100m Riverway Project; the Queensland Parliament enacted legislation to amalgamate the or a Build Own Operate Transfer (BOOT) scheme whereby the — $400m QNI Nickel Refinery Expansion; Townsville CAE and James Cook University which took effect on 1 private sector would construct, own and operate a facility on January 1982. The remoteness of Western Campus from the main JCU land for an extended period of up to 40 years. — $350m Gas pipeline and Base Load Power Station; core has limited interaction between disciplines, forces staff and Experience of such schemes suggests that to be of interest in — $48.5m Douglas Arterial Road (and Bridge); students to drive between lectures and in general militates against the market it is likely that a minimum of 250 - 300 beds will — $40m Cruise Ship Terminal as part of a $1b Waterfront the formation of a cohesive and lively campus. The existing need to be included in the offering subject to detailed feasibility Redevelopment; and Western Campus buildings are in a less than satisfactory state and modelling. as such a key objective of UV will be to relocate these academic — $115m Ross River Dam Upgrade. activities to within the ring road. 25 In discussions with the existing operators it appears that the 6.2.5 Education 6.3 Proposed Land Uses current offering is attractive to first year students, but is less so in Discussions held with private education providers and Education subsequent years. New student housing should consider a range Any development proposal will need to build sufficient flexibility to Queensland suggest that an opportunity exists for the establishment accommodate a range of uses across the site over time. of product type to be attractive to all students. This should include of a school on the campus in the medium term (5 years). The latter self contained apartments up to 3 bedrooms and townhouse style has interest in exploring the potential for a P-7 “teaching” school, Recognising JCU’s project objectives, including securing ongoing accommodation of 2, 3 and 4 bedrooms. possibly with links to JCU. Given that there may be an opportunity revenue streams from the project, the ability to generate income 6.2.4 Research for sharing of sporting facilities an area of 4 -6 hectares should producing property is important. To this end the opportunities for be adequate. The siting of this use is not reliant upon main road a range of uses are to be incorporated into University Village to The mission identified in the JCU Research Strategic Plan seeks to respond to current market demand. These are outlined as follows. focus research activities on areas of research strength and aligned exposure and is entirely opportunistic. Its potential to generate with the needs of the regional industries and communities in North traffic peaks at pick-up and drop-off times would suggest that such 6.3.1 Residential Queensland. a use be sited away from the Academic Core so that traffic conflicts Whilst all markets in Townsville are strong, the residential market, with James Cook Drive are avoided/ minimised. particularly in relation to detached housing product is the strongest. The Australian Tropical Sciences Innovation Precinct (ATSIP) Building presents an immediate opportunity to establish a new The Australian Technical College (ATC) has contracted to purchase Accordingly the majority of non Academic Core land should be set facility on the site and attract research partners to the Campus. the south western portion of the existing CSIRO site from the aside for residential subdivision as the location is well suited to Townsville City Council and construction is underway. Whilst not detached housing lots, although there should be a range of lot sizes Further consideration should be given to other centres of excellence located within the campus, the establishment of the ATC on an to attract various market segments. The natural topography of the and their relationship to local industry. Such areas include metals adjacent site will further contribute to the “learning hub” already site at the southern end is well suited to residential. It also forms SECTION processing, port related activities as well as picking up on the established in the locality. an appropriate use at the interface with the adjoining residential existing tropical and marine research activities. 06 The success of establishing research activities including research development at the western boundary and around the existing colleges. facilities in partnership with industry will be dependant on JCU’s Although the unit and medium density market is strong within the ability to build a value proposition that will be attractive to the CBD of Townsville, the fringe location of the site does not lend market and its ability to drive a strong commercialisation process. itself to the high rise style of development occurring in the CBD. However the development of medium density housing is considered fundamental to delivering the University Village concept as it will contribute to a broader mix of housing types and styles, drawing critical mass to JCU. Accordingly, to ensure the delivery of a broad mix of dwelling type areas within the residential precinct should be set aside for medium density housing. As a means of risk mitigation parts of this land parcel can be redesigned to accommodate residential subdivision should it become apparent that there is insufficient strength in the market to absorb significant medium density product. 26 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN In addition to standard residential market segments, UV offers 6.3.2 Commercial/ Retail Precinct 6.3.3 Mixed Industry and Business Activities (MIBA) the opportunity to develop what is known as the ‘active adult’ A key element of the University Village proposal involves the The frontage to Angus Smith Drive creates exposure market. This group is typically +45 years, mid to late career or creation of a town centre and commercial precinct. This area opportunities that can be capitalised upon by more employment retired and would value an association with a university. They needs to provide sufficient land for the creation of a commercial generation and commercial style uses. are less interested in lawn bawls and poker machines and more heart for the University Village. interested in the arts and sciences and ‘3rd age’ learning and Light industrial buildings should be low impact in nature would be responsive to the sustainability ethic embedded in The early establishment of a retail centre is considered critical and preferably be linked with University research or its UV. A number of Universities in the US have developed very to creating the impetus for the development of the University commercialisation. successful communities of ‘active adult’ which in addition to Village. Given that there will not be an established residential financial benefits, offer substantial non-financial benefits, such population within the Douglas Campus for some years the retail as: centre should be established as close as possible to the entry to the site to leverage off the adjoining residential catchment — increased campus diversity; of Riverside Gardens and Riverside Ridge and the activity — consumers of university programs, both formal study and generated by the Townsville Hospital. summer school type activity; A neighbourhood shopping centre would include provision for a — better asset utilisation; 2,000-2,500 sqm supermarket and 10-15 specialty shops. Land — volunteer guest lecturers and tutors; in the order of 2-2.5 hectares should be set aside for retail uses within a Main Street setting framed by a commercial area which SECTION — opportunities for research on the lifestyle and health aspects of will feed off and complement the retail uses and also capitalise aging, housing management, and dining/ dietary sciences; — career advice and networking opportunities stemming from on synergistic development opportunities and linkages with JCU and Townsville Hospital. 06 seniors’ professional contacts; Accordingly the area set aside for commercial and retail use — attractive housing option for retired and current staff; should include sufficient space to accommodate a range of retail and commercial uses including a neighbourhood shopping — positive effect on student behaviour stemming from presence of centre, hotel/ conference facilities, commercial office space, seniors; and petrol station, commercialised research and community uses — increased audience for campus cultural events. including theatres, cinemas and child care centre. Feasibility work on the active adult market is recommended as UV is well suited to this market and the spin off benefits of a successful development are considerable. 27 7 The Master Plan It will combine tradition with innovation; excellence with endeavour; the artist with the artisan; research with commerce; culture with business; peaceful with active; learning with knowledge. 7.1 Urban Vision and Principles A ceremonial core, formed by the library and other high quality buildings, will provide the heart for the university. A vision comes from envisaging what could be unique about a place. The vision for University Village will underpin the successful market positioning of the project and the creation of a strong Guiding Principles community identity. A set of guiding principles has been established to underpin The ambition and underlying project objectives have been the development vision, providing a base line against which all synthesised and translated into a ‘vision statement’, which has proposed elements of the development and supporting strategies been further explored and defined through a series of positioning can be assessed and their effectiveness measured. statements. Simply expressed they are: The vision for the University Village is centred on the core elements — demonstrating sustainability – outcomes that support the long of learning, creativity, community and sustainability. Over time, the term integration of environmental, social and economic issues; University Village will become a vibrant, connected and creative city community with a village atmosphere. The unique opportunity of — exhibiting best practice – reflected at each stage of design, the university, layered throughout the development, will create a rich delivery, operation and use; texture of learning, teaching and research environments. — delivering innovation and creativity – as a philosophy inherent Part of the City Urban and integrated with nature, innovative, creative and energised, in everything we do; SECTION the University Village will provide a platform for active engagement — inclusiveness and collaboration – both in the approach and 07 between education, the arts, business and residential communities, and over time provide a significant point of difference for outcomes; — taking a leadership position – taking the market with us; Open - not an enclave - a great example of integrated urban development. Townsville/ Thuringowa. — creating synergy – individual projects exponentially add value to The vision statement driving the University Village is: the whole; James Cook University will become renowned for providing the best — building a community – not just developing a site; and of two worlds – the university and the village. — celebrating nature – enhancing the natural environment of the Experience within the University Village will be deliberately urbane, University. providing the interface between community and the University. All within a dry tropical landscape setting. A project at the leading edge of sustainable design in the tropics, 7.2 Design Ideas closely aligned with the Centre for Excellence in Tropical Design. The following ‘cap sheets’ represent potential design ideas for the Interaction between the university and the village will be celebrated. site. 28 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN An Urban Village Attention to Detail - Design Quality Recreation and Open Space SECTION Urban identity with a human scale - a distinctive blend of tropical architecture, local parks and animated streets. The quality of design and attention to detail reflected throughout the public spaces. A comprehensive and integrated network of recreational facilities and public open space. 07 Steal time for a coffee, visit the gallery, pick up the local Natural materials, solid timbers, heritage references, Meeting the recreation and leisure demands of urban news. open green spaces and shady places. living, and supporting campus lifestyle. Intimacy and scale, friendly people and social connections reinforce the concept of an ‘urban village’. 29 Street-side Cafes Urban Gallery Vibrant After Hours SECTION 07 A mixture of uses in the streets creating places people want to visit and extending the invitation to stay a while. Contemporary, engaging and stimulating. Always excellent, but never elite or exclusive. Always open and always on.... .... not just a daytime experience. Corner shops, cafe balconies offering a seat with a view A public gallery....constantly changing, always A different proposition after dark, a unique evening for an important occasion or quiet reflection. appealing, open to everyone. destination. Great menus that cater for all desires - that special meal, Emerging as a new centre for art and culture, with a HASSELL a quick coffee, a cheap feast. design edge. 30 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Creativity Educational Excellence Urbanhoods SECTION Creativity - in its widest sense - is inherent in everything we do; a value proposition for like-minded residents and Village life offers learning opportunity to everyone, not just students. Urban density housing supports centres within Townsville. 07 businesses. Residents, workers, employers and visitors have unrivalled access to comprehensive, relevant, and Provides diversity of housing. Aligning with the Queensland Government’s progressive agenda for the Smart State. accessible ‘learning’ services. Extended opportunities for individuals and businesses to maximise their potential. 31 Public Realm Art Gallery Shade Safe Streets SECTION 07 The public realm is eye catching and rewarding through the use of public art. A shady environment offers relief from the sun. Regarded as being a safe place. Kids are safe to walk the streets alone. 32 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN G’day Iconic Landmarks Green Energy SECTION 07 A connected and vibrant environment with opportunity A key centre facility or building raises the sights for Renewable energy resources powering the development. for public incidental interaction. developers. Prominent and public. 33 Business Engine Market Fair Employment Opportunities SECTION 07 e Physically accessible and visually prominant. Markets entice locals and visitors with colour, music, smell and a vital urban experience, creating a vibrant A variety of employment opportunities are available through recreation, community, retail, health and Contributes to self containment for Townsville and community and identity. education facilities. provides jobs for the region. 34 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Connected Globally Public Transport Commitment Why drive when you can walk? SECTION The latest technology ensures residents can stay connected with the global community. Fast, efficient and frequent public transport. The individual is empowered through flexibility. A community planned with walkable catchments around centres, schools and parks. 07 Wide, tree shaded footpaths and active building frontages make a safe environment for walking. 35 Green Streets Urban Yet Natural SECTION 07 Local native vegetation is used for landscaping the public realm. The urban setting is seamlessly integrated into the natural environment. . Reduces maintenance and irrigation . This maintains a connection to the land while contributing to local identity. Attracts native wildlife. 36 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Community Hub and Schools as Community Engines Knowledge Workers Learning Centre SECTION A centre for community inspiration and practical learning. The early development of a high quality school generates community building while catering to family needs. Capture the demand for a knowledge precinct in Townsville. 07 The pillar of the community. 37 7.3 Design Principles Axis Frontage The following design principles have been endorsed by the Acknowledge the visual axis established in the original master Future built form to activate the frontage and maximise the stakeholders. plan 1964. exposure opportunities from the major vehicle network The built form will acknowledge and respect the views to The opportunity exists to create an active commercial frontage The Front Door Magnetic Island. In acknowledging this axis, a sense of place to the University Village along Angus Smith Drive. Future uses Establish an arrival sequence to the campus and establish strong will be fostered, providing a unique identity for University could benefit from commercial exposure on this Road, owing to sense of arrival through the landscape features and built form Village. This will be most evident from the southern areas of the high vehicle movements. elements. site. This can be achieved by developing the street form and A ‘front door’ will welcome visitors to the site. The entry statement buildings to respect these axes, and protecting views to these will foster a sense of arrival and will be clearly legible for significant natural features. individuals entering the site. It will contain elements which will be Views to Mount Stuart will be available throughout the campus. easily identifiable with the University and the Village. Buildings, landscape, vegetation, signage and other features will be employed in the creation of an attractive entrance. Secondary entrances will also faciltiate an arrival experience. These entrances will contain similar elements to the ‘front door’, however reduced in scale and significance. SECTION 07 38 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Heart Landmarks Main Street The heart of the University, in front of the Library, will be Acknowledge existing landmarks while creating future The main street is the most active street in the development and enhanced through new landscaping and buildings. As a centre opportunities. the civic heart for the campus. of activity and engagement, the Library continues to function as The provision of landmarks, like buildings and landscape The main street will have an intensive level of activity, mixed the ceremonial heart for staff and students. Arteries, pedestrian features, create a sense of place and allow for navigation around use, and street activity. As the civic heart of the campus, the and cycle pathways and streets, should flow through the the site. To achieve this, existing and future landmarks should main street will include the core uses of retail, entertainment, campus, providing safe and convenient access to the heart. be identified and developed through the provision of distinct and commercial, as well as having a significant public space buildings in prominent locations. provision. These uses should support a significant on-site residential population and visitors to the site. SECTION 07 39 Outdoor Rooms Linkages Spine Provide legibility around the campus. The spine will be the main internal link through the campus. Create comfortable outdoor spaces to activate the external campus environment. Visual and access linkages will be provided to allow the The Spine will reinforce the axis to Magnetic Island. unhindered movement of individuals through the site. This Development will be planned and designed to frame the open Shade oriented open spaces and courtyards will be located in can be achieved by removing physical barriers to access, and space. This will increase the visibility of the open space and key locations within the campus. Open space areas will include creating a site that is people oriented, pedestrian and cycle attract uses. This proposition will foster a sense of place for the an organised network of shaded pathways for cycling and friendly. University. walking, promoting the comfortable movement of individuals through the campus. All streets within the Village will be pedestrian and cycle friendly. SECTION 07 40 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Natural Environment The dry tropical landscape is an environment valued by the university community to be preserved and incorporated into the urban landscape. Two waterways exist on site. The creek running north-south is natural and has ecological values that need to be protected and managed. The second (western arm) creek bisects the University core and offers amenity benefits for this area. Part of this creek is man-made. There is also the opportunity to activate the edges of these creeks, while maintaining their environmental integrity. SECTION 07 41 7.4 Concept Diagram The corresponding concept diagram has been developed from the vision, guiding principles and design principles. A natural rim surrounds University Village. The green spine unifies and connects University Village. The University Ring Road surrounds the academic core with additional land to the east. Business areas for employment generation in the Mixed Industry and Business Activities (MIBA) and Commercial precincts will benefit from traffic exposure to Angus Smith Drive. The main street will be an attractor for students, workers, residents and visitors alike. There will be an active interface between the University and the hospital. SECTION 07 42 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN 7.5 Zones of Character Although University Village is master planned, this does not mean that it will be a homogenous community. As with any urban area, it should reflect a texture of moods and flavours; parts of it will appeal more to some than others. Areas may appeal to multiple audiences in different ways or at different times of the day. To achieve this richness and authenticity, the development must build upon the initial detailed mix of uses and identify a series of sub precincts, each with a subtly differentiated character and appeal, particularly at the ground level, providing the fundamental connection point between the elements of place, activity and community. Signature Pieces Signature pieces are the elements that will drive market awareness and brand recognition. In other words they are what identifies University Village. Within each zone of character it is important to establish the signature pieces that help to depict the character, ambience and SECTION image of that particular area of University Village. MAJOR USES MAJOR USES 07 Public Domain Commercial Residential Hospitality Education Lifestyle Retail University Central University Central Town Central Town Central Creative Gateway Creative Gateway ZONES OF CHARACTER MIBA MIBA Village Residential Village Residential Hillside Residential Hillside Residential University Residential University Residential Biomedical Biomedical Learning Learning Sport Sport Hinterland Hinterland University East University East Education Retail Commercial Public Domain Residential Hospitality Lifestyle 43 Academic core: intellectual and ceremonial heart, inclusive, energised, creative. UNIVERSITY CENTRAL This location also forms the junction of the two axis’. Therefore, this location would also host the ‘Great Hall’. This precinct has the greatest opportunity to deliver strong buildings following the principles of tropical architecture - responding to climate, landscape and the local setting. It will be the venue for festivals, events, productions and ceremony. This zone is intended to become the ‘heart’ of the university High quality landscape finishes, areas of open space and large Whilst buildings define an urban quality, this precinct is campus. A place of ceremony, learning, thinking and amounts of shade will produce an appealing and celebrative space. characterised by quality landscape outcomes. contemplation. The University Central zone also extends into the southern area The green spine will consist of a formal landscaped boulevard A range of new facilities and buildings will be clustered around a of the site. This area is intended to continue as a research and bounded by a perimeter street system allowing for the establishment landscaped boulevard connecting the existing library building with teaching resource, with high ecological value for the campus. The of a series of new buildings facing onto the boulevard. the Townsville Hospital. This will create a renewed focus for the UV community will also benefit from the significant flora and fauna The built form could include a cloistered colonnade and/ or library (an iconic 60’s building by James Birrell). Plantings of large which characterises this area. arbour providing necessary climatic protection. canopy shade trees within the forecourt will establish a new shady and cool space that will become an ideal meeting place. The colonnade and/ or arbour will provide a shady protected pedestrian environment that will increase the environmental The precinct will also establish a prominent address to the Town performance of the buildings and enhance the tropical theme. Centre zone through a strong node forming the transition between the university and the village. Landscape elements of furniture and This landscape corridor will provide for a pedestrian and bike planting also will bridge these different character areas helping thoroughfare within a less formal landscape setting. Avenue produce a coherent link between the two spaces. planting of large tropical shade trees combined with understorey planting and varied pavement treatments will delineate zones of activity. Well placed seating, drinking fountains and public art will provide a stimulating human scale environment conducive SECTION to student meetings, strolling, conversation, reading and other recreational activities as well as allowing for pedestrian and bike 07 movements required as part of the lecture/ study programs. The green spine is intersected by the creek and also by the Town Centre road network further to the north. The interface between the more formal character of the green spine and the more natural Retention of iconic building character of the creek will provide interesting opportunities for variations to the landscape treatment at this point. Accentuating the informal nature of the creek and the formal nature of the Character and Appeal surrounding urban landscape will increase contrast and landscape A refined character will be created by buildings, landscaping and interest. Furthermore, elements could include stepping stones and activities. a pedestrian/ bike bridge crossing. All buildings within this precinct will promote this sense of place. To retain the presence of the library, all new buildings in the vicinity will not exceed its height. 44 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Signature Buildings The Australian Tropical Science Innovation Precinct (ATSIP) building, the ‘Great Hall’ and the School of Creative Arts could be early catalysts. MAJOR USES MAJOR USES Activation of the Library as a significant campus building and forecourt Public Domain Commercial Residential Hospitality Education Connections Lifestyle The establishment of the green spine will establish new Retail University Central University Central pedestrian and bike movement networks between the core SECTION Town Central Town Central of the University, the proposed Town Centre and Townsville Hospital. Pedestrian, bike and car movements will be carefully Creative Gateway Creative Gateway 07 ZONES OF CHARACTER MIBA MIBA planned to integrate and separate where necessary, depending Village Residential Village Residential of the priority given to certain activity areas within the University Hillside Residential Hillside Residential Central zone. Ample shade will be provided along pedestrian University Residential University Residential and cycle connections. Biomedical Biomedical Rationalisation of the space around the library will give renewed Learning Learning visual connections along the green spine. Sport Sport Hinterland Hinterland Proposed Uses University East University East The provision of additional buildings within the University Education Retail Commercial Public Domain Residential Hospitality Lifestyle campus should be focused onto the green spine. This could include new faculty buildings, administration centre, chapel, art gallery, etc. Tropical and shaded spaces (Library - University of the Sunshine Coast) 45 Strong urban sense of place: mixed-use, accessible, inclusive, fun, active, sustainable, connected, main street, vibrant. TOWN CENTRAL Character and Appeal The main street will be a vibrant focal point for the campus based upon; vehicle/ pedestrian activity and lifestyle experiences. In As the most active street in the proposed master plan and addition a main street represents an ‘urban’ environment in which the civic heart of the neighbourhood, the uses need to be both A defined town centre will be established within the front quadrant people can interact which is different to the surrounding suburban fine grained and concentrated, to reinforce the Town Centre, and of the site and on the southern side of James Cook Drive, creating villages. In terms of urban design a well designed main street designed to promote street life. the opportunity for a range of new commercial, residential and provides flexibility to accommodate changing retail/ commercial mixed uses to be established. It will provide the major point of It will provide a transition between the public commercial areas forms of development over a long period of time. The overall contact between the university and the wider community. The street and the core university facilities, and an interface of mixed uses, landscape character of the Town Centre is classified as a primary character will be similar in size and scale to that of the existing main to encourage more active and vibrant streetscapes within the Town space. streets within Townsville. Buildings will be built to the front boundary Centre Zone for university students and staff, local neighbourhoods to provide an active street frontage. Car parking will be provided at and broader suburbs. the rear of buildings. Architectural forms that accommodate tropical climatic conditions such as awnings and covered footpaths and facilitating breezeways will be encouraged. Large canopy shade trees and eye-catching colourful understorey plantings will be provided at regular intervals within the streetscape. As will high quality street furniture and seating provide streetscape amenity. A variety of retail operations that require exposure to vehicular through traffic, e.g. newsagents, restaurants, coffee shops, bakeries, florists, small supermarkets and video stores will be encouraged to establish SECTION in this precinct, which will function as a vibrant local centre. 07 A busy marketplace A place for the weekly grocery shop 46 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Connections Proposed Uses Signature Buildings The main street thoroughfare will provide good vehicular access The Town Centre zone will provide a range of commercial and An opportunity exists for a semi-iconic university building which to the university and will be linked with the green spine. This professional services for the University campus users and presents a strong research focus at the entry to the Village. connection will allow for a number of commercial uses. The the surrounding residential population. As this residential uses will not be dependant on through traffic and with quality population establishes around the University, it will continue to street furniture and landscaping acting to create a high standard expand in the future. of pedestrian amenity. Shaded streetscapes and courtyards The town centre will contain a wide mix of uses that will will provide an environment conducive to the establishment generate a high level of activity. In this area priority is given to of open-air coffee shops and restaurants. Bikes will be pedestrians. Uses such as ground level retail, and commercial encouraged to move at reduced speeds in order to create a safe above ground level will be encouraged. This will also be a mixed environment. sought after address for ‘shop top’ housing. Public art and The Town Centre will also provide legible road, bike and furniture and landscaping are to be used to enhance the setting. pedestrian connections to the MIBA precinct to the west and to This would also be an ideal location for a Tavern opening out to the medical precinct to the north. the street. MAJOR USES MAJOR USES Public Domain Commercial Residential Hospitality Education Lifestyle Retail Tropical plant SECTION 07 University Central University Central Town Central Town Central Creative Gateway Creative Gateway ZONES OF CHARACTER MIBA MIBA Village Residential Village Residential Hillside Residential Hillside Residential University Residential University Residential Biomedical Biomedical Learning Learning Shaded outdoor spaces Sport Sport Hinterland Hinterland University East University East Education Retail Commercial Public Domain Residential Hospitality Lifestyle 47 The front door: leading edge, iconic, people focused, open and inviting, strong built form, showpiece, accessible. CREATIVE GATEWAY Character and Appeal Connections Buildings and spaces will be energetic, accessible, inclusive, The Gateway is the key entry point for the campus and will be welcoming, alive, and promote interaction between uses and instantly recognisable by a series of iconic entry statements. It As the entrance to the campus, the Creative Gateway will provide a premises. Creative Gateway is the significant entrance statement will be essential to ensure that the community is drawn into the leading edge entrance statement and feature iconic, showpiece for the Campus, and it will represent the expression of the experience and perceives this as a zone of public realm. Formal premises with creative, functional and significant university village. The built form is iconic, unique and young avenue style plantings will line the entry into the JCU - University architecture, with an urban context. in spirit. The landscape will be expressed as primary landscape Village. Structures in this precinct will continue to be a canvas for the spaces. Connections between space will also be important. James Cook research and knowledge-based industries through their internal The majority of carparking will be provided behind buildings and Drive will function as a thoroughfare with road connections also and exterior design. vehicle crossovers are to be minimised. required to connect the precinct with the Town Centre Precinct. Young in spirit; new media together with leading edge designs and uses with attitude will be actively encouraged. Signature landscape plantings will be located at key locations helping harbour a sense of arrival. SECTION 07 48 NIDA - signature building JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Proposed Uses Signature Building The entrance to the University Village is an ideal location for Due to this prominent location all buildings will represent the a Hotel including conference facilities. Serviced apartments University Village. Therefore high quality design outcomes are and other short-term accomodation could also benefit from expected. this location. These facilities will be utilised by the University, Hospital and businesses. This precinct overlaps with the Town Centre Precinct where there is a focus of ground level retail uses and the street focus should be maintained. The Gateway Zone is bisected by James Cook Drive. The western portion of the Precinct is characterised by a high proportion of commercial uses providing a nexus between the retail activities within the Town Centre Precinct and a possible support function to the MIBA Precinct. Due to immediate access to the Town Centre Precinct, this zone does not warrant further retail offering, unless it is supporting MAJOR USES the Town Centre. MAJOR USES Public Domain Kelvin Grove Urban Village, Brisbane Commercial Residential Hospitality Education Lifestyle Retail University Central University Central SECTION Town Central Town Central Creative Gateway Creative Gateway 07 ZONES OF CHARACTER MIBA MIBA Village Residential Village Residential Hillside Residential Hillside Residential University Residential University Residential Biomedical Biomedical Learning Learning Sport Sport Hinterland Hinterland University East University East Education Retail Commercial Public Domain Residential Hospitality Lifestyle Roma Mitchell Arts Centre, Adelaide 49 Research and business frontier: hi-tech, leading edge, visual presence, knowledge-based functions, business accelerators. MIXED INDUSTRY AND BUSINESS High quality furniture within shady ‘outdoor rooms’ at key locations Pedestrian movement will primarily be focused at the interface between the University Central Precinct, Town Central and the will provide an opportunity for workers to eat and enjoy the region’s ACTIVITIES (MIBA) dry tropical climate. Carparking and warehousing will be designed Healthy Living Precinct. It is not anticipated that pedestrian or located not to detract from streetscape. movements will extend significantly into the MIBA Precinct beyond its interface with James Cook Drive. James Cook University is positioned to create a niche commercial Connections venue that leverages the association with the research and The MIBA Precinct will benefit from a strong visual presence with administrative functions of the campus with the enterprise and new buildings address Angus Smith Drive as well as an internal road business community. It is intended to function as a strategic cluster configuration. Landscape vegetation will allow or frame views to of incubators and business accelerators (with strong links necessitate its strong visual presence. to knowledge based functions of the university) driving business success. Bike, car and service vehicle movements will be carefully planned to integrate and link to the University Central Precinct. Although It will be important to focus initially on attracting interim synergistic strongly linked with the University Central Precinct, the MIBA businesses to this zone. Precinct will also function as a destination trip for many movements. Located at the northern frontage of the campus, visitors will have a Character and Appeal short distance to travel on James Cook Drive or Parkinson Road to High quality commercial buildings within an urban setting. The access the Precinct. landscape character is defined as a primary landscape space. Strong street presence supported by quality landscape elements and dry tropical landscaping. SECTION 07 High quality finishes and landscape treatments High quality commercial building with integrated and shaded carpark 50 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Proposed Uses Signature Buildings MAJOR USES MAJOR USES Establishing a commercial tropical sciences cluster which Careful consideration should be given to the buildings fronting Public Domain Commercial Residential Hospitality leverages the existing research functions and has a focus Angus Smith Drive which will have a strong visual image for the Education Lifestyle Retail on small and medium enterprises, will support the vision University Village. for James Cook University Urban Village. It will also deliver University Central University Central JCU’s ambition to put knowledge, skill and learning into an Town Central Town Central enterprise context and create stronger links with industry. Creative Gateway Creative Gateway ZONES OF CHARACTER The MIBA Precinct will predominantly accommodate research MIBA MIBA and development partnerships aligned with the University’s Village Residential Village Residential Centre of Excellence. The buildings in the MIBA Precinct Hillside Residential Hillside Residential will be purpose built construction, which may include University Residential University Residential a shopfront or small office component, a warehouse and a Biomedical Biomedical distribution component. Learning Learning Sport Sport The initial commercial opportunities should be demand driven Hinterland Hinterland and be based on a carefully constructed proposition appealing University East University East to tenants attracted to participating in a new community Education Retail Commercial Public Domain Residential Hospitality Lifestyle where they are recognised as being part of a research and knowledge based centre of excellence. The University Central Precinct acts as an anchor and affords the particular ability to foster relationships with and nurture enterprises at SECTION the research frontier of business. Synergistic uses will be encouraged, however industrial and bulky good businesses are not consistent with the intent of 07 this zone. The built form will respond strongly to the landscape setting through sensitive integration of existing and new, contemporary landscape treatments, water sensitive urban design and tropical and sustainable architectural design. Landscape and architecture should be teaching tools, used to highlight new technologies in a simple way. Leading edge contemporary image to buildings (Southgate, Cannon Hill, Brisbane) 51 Town homes: hip and connected, young at heart, design excellence, diverse housing types, close to University Central/ sport/ cafes. VILLAGE RESIDENTIAL art and planting design should reflect this feeling. Themed to form Connections part of the overall image for JCU Urban Village, the streets are These areas will benefit by strong connections to Town Central and enhanced with landscaping and street furniture designed to the Academic precincts. Housing is a fundamental outcome in the delivery of this encourage street interaction and ‘chance meetings’. Large canopy sustainable community. A common benefit through the provision street trees will be used to provide shade for pedestrians and The precinct has frontage to James Cook Drive and Parkinson of an integrated mix of housing to meet the needs of a range of cyclists. Road, with frontage to a secondary road network. The secondary people, encouraging a more diverse and inclusive community. road network has streets which are quieter and more domestically orientated. Medium density housing responds to the needs of some people and acknowledges the significant contribution housing design has upon the character and amenity of the campus. Character and Appeal The village residential precinct feels open, hip and connected to the university central and town central precincts. The landscape will be classified as secondary landscape spaces. Landscape furniture, SECTION 07 Medium density housing Quality residential development with strong sustainable intent The corner shop or cafe strip 52 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Proposed Uses — investor apartments amongst the residential projects; Signature Buildings There will be a discreet blending of student and non student — potential home/ office residents; and Careful design attention is required for the first building residences as the development transitions between the — key worker housing. constructed as a high quality product. university central precinct and the view residential precincts. Initial buildings may be located on land fronting James Cook Affordability is consistent with design excellence and diverse This will add depth, diversity and interest to the mix of housing product and extend the audience participating in the lifestyle Drive. housing types are disaggregated throughout the site and not necessarily clustered. offering. Small scale retail, such as a corner store, may be incorporated It is critical for the economic viability of the project that the within this precinct. evolving market demand is the main driver while being flexible enough to respond to the changing marketplace. A detailed sale To meet the project’s ambition for contributing to a diversified and land release strategy for this diverse residential product is residential mix, housing products with an accessible range of required. price points will include: The village residential precinct will accommodate a combination — opportunities for student housing both in dedicated and rental of student accommodation and residential apartments designed accommodation; to tie in with the adjoining University Central, Town Central and View Residential precincts. MAJOR USES MAJOR USES Public Domain Commercial Residential Hospitality Education Lifestyle SECTION Retail University Central Town Central University Central Town Central 07 Creative Gateway Creative Gateway ZONES OF CHARACTER MIBA MIBA Village Residential Village Residential Hillside Residential Hillside Residential University Residential University Residential Biomedical Biomedical Learning Learning Sport Sport Hinterland Hinterland University East University East Education Retail Commercial Public Domain Residential Hospitality Lifestyle Medium density housing looking onto safe streets 53 Cool homes: contemporary, tropical, light-weight construction, bushland setting, optimum views, high quailty public spaces. HILLSIDE RESIDENTIAL Character and Appeal The landscape is classified as a tertiary landscape space. This precinct will be contemporary, comfortable, relaxed, cool, and Vegetation and landscape elements will be used as climate control natural. devices, reducing heating and cooling costs and increasing Hillside Residential will be the address of choice for many environmental amenity. Townsville residents. Gently undulating land creates ideal Housing is designed to optimise views to the campus and beyond to the CBD and ocean. The housing will use elevated floor level It is anticipated that a mixture of allotment sizes will be provided, homesites within a natural setting. with the allotment sizes increasing as the slope increases. This will construction and “touch the ground lightly” to limit impact on the Some homes will feature stunning views of the University and landscape. blend a closely knit ‘urban’ community close to James Cook Townsville. Drive with larger allotments up the slope. Sustainable design will be a required outcome for all homes within Residents will benefit through close proximity to the University this precinct. As this precinct is not on the major thoroughfare of the Town Centre, facilities. the streets are quieter and more domestically orientated. The allotments will be designed with a northerly aspect wherever Supported by local parks, the streets here form part of the urban The housing type is contemporary tropical architecture, with light- possible, to benefit from solar orientation, as well as optimising weight features such as balconies and generous eaves. The network for the constant movements of residents. High quality the available views. public spaces will be feature of this area – integrating with the streets are softened with landscaping and street furniture designed to encourage chance meetings. surrounding environment. The streetscape will be relatively informal with native vegetation used to provide a sense of the surrounding bushland environment entering the residential areas. Clusters of native street trees and understorey plantings will provide shade along residential streets. Water sensitive urban design has potential to be expressed strongly SECTION in this precinct. 07 Tropical detached housing Light weight contemporary features. 54 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Connections Proposed Uses The precinct will be connected to the existing James Cook Drive The proposed uses in this precinct will be residential with as well as a secondary road network which will avoid traffic limited opportunities for alternative uses. It shall be a climatic congestion. Parts of this precinct will be visible from Angus response to the urban environment in the aspect and design. Smith Drive as well as other approaches to the campus. The developments will be low-rise dwellings dominated by residents with some investor options. There may be a need for some local shops. Climate responsive design MAJOR USES MAJOR USES Public Domain Commercial Residential Hospitality Education Lifestyle Retail University Central University Central SECTION Town Central Town Central Creative Gateway Creative Gateway 07 ZONES OF CHARACTER MIBA MIBA Village Residential Village Residential Hillside Residential Hillside Residential University Residential University Residential Biomedical Biomedical Learning Learning Sport Sport Hinterland Hinterland University East University East Education Retail Commercial Public Domain Residential Hospitality Lifestyle Nestled into the hillside 55 Student living: busy lifestyle offering, new buildings, active, safe, close to University Central. UNIVERSITY RESIDENTIAL To meet the project’s ambition for contributing to a diversified residential mix, housing products with an accessible range of price Connections The precinct will be connected to the existing James Cook Drive as points will include: well as a secondary road network which will avoid traffic congestion. There will be a discreet blending of student and non student — opportunities for student housing; Parts of this precinct will be visible from Angus Smith Drive as well residences as the development transitions between the University as other approaches to the campus. Central precinct and the Hillside Residential precinct. Affordability — investor apartments amongst the residential projects; and is consistent with design excellence and diverse housing types — potential home/ office residents. The proximaty to the Academic and Town Centre Precincts provides are disaggregated throughout the site and not necessarily clustered. the unique integration between residential and the University Village This will add depth, diversity and interest to the mix of housing through well designed and landscaped walkpaths. product and extend the audience participating in the lifestyle Character and Appeal offering. Themed to form part of the overall residential image and the streets are enhanced through landscaping and street furniture designed to encourage chance meetings. Extensive shade via tropical canopy trees enhance the usability of the street during the dry hot season. This landscape character is classified as secondary landscape space. SECTION 07 Tropical design, climatic response Light-weight construction 56 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Proposed Uses The University Residential precinct will accommodate a combination of student accommodation and residential apartments, including low-rise walk up townhouses. New development will be possible through redevelopment of existing underperforming sites. MAJOR USES MAJOR USES Public Domain Commercial Residential Hospitality Education Lifestyle University Hall Retail University Central University Central Town Central Town Central SECTION Creative Gateway Creative Gateway 07 ZONES OF CHARACTER MIBA MIBA Village Residential Village Residential Hillside Residential Hillside Residential University Residential University Residential Biomedical Biomedical Learning Learning Sport Sport Hinterland Hinterland University East University East Education Retail Commercial Public Domain Residential Hospitality Lifestyle 57 Biomedical cluster: integration of hospital and university, strong connections, tuition, training, knowledge sharing, research, active, safe. BIOMEDICAL Avenue tree and signature plantings, with on street carparking, shaded pedestrian and cycle pathways, will provide a ‘sense of Connections Located at a secondary entrance to the campus, this ‘medical hub’ arrival’ for visitors to this precinct. Productive or sensory plantings will contribute to the leading edge image of the university. The Biomedical precinct acknowledges the relationship between the could be used within the streetscape, providing a link between School of Medicine, School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences landscape and land-use; landscape and health. The Biomedical Precinct is within 400 metres walking distance and Townsville Hospital to enable sharing of knowledge and of the Town Centre Precinct and parts of the University Central Both the School of Medicine and the Hospital are currently resources. Precinct. Therefore, convenient and comfortable pedestrian/ expanding, which will contribute to the ‘energy’ associated with the bicycle linkages will be important to achieve connectivity within Character and Appeal Town Centre Precinct. the Precinct as well as the balance of the campus. Landscape The Biomedical precinct has a significant role in ‘marking’ a New buildings should be orientated towards the frontages, and as a strategies will include; cohesive furniture, pavement types and secondary entrance to the campus. The precinct will also be a priority towards the green spine and to the ‘main street’ to the south. connected street tree plantings. destination for some visitors and therefore the precinct should New buildings within the Townsville Hospital (although outside the The School of Medicine and the Townsville Hospital will be closely make a positive contribution to the ‘sense of arrival’. This will be subject site) should be encouraged to respond to the activation connected with the Town Centre Precinct and therefore should achieved by new buildings fronting roads, entrances to buildings of the proposed green spine and proposed new east-west road respond positively, with the activation of the frontages adjoining this easily identifiable, strong landscape elements, signature planting between JCU and Hospital land. precinct. The School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences will be and public art. Landscape elements are classified as secondary connected via pedestrian and vehicular links to the Town Central and landscape spaces. New design elements will enhance the natural the University Central Precincts. This School will incorporate visual landscape elements and maintain and enhance ecological clues which will enable visitors to visually identify the building habitats. before arrival. SECTION 07 Cairns Hospital - Tropical Architecture School of Medicine; Anton Breinl Centre 58 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Proposed Uses Signature Buildings The Biomedical precinct will contain facilities for tuition, training Potential for the future University Medical Centre and Clinical and practical work for the Medical and Veterinary and Biomedical Skills Building to reinforce the secondary entry to the University Sciences. The precinct may include icon buildings, visual Village. ‘markers’, public art and themed landscaping. MAJOR USES MAJOR USES Large canopy trees Public Domain Commercial Residential Hospitality Education Lifestyle Retail University Central University Central Town Central Town Central SECTION Creative Gateway Creative Gateway 07 ZONES OF CHARACTER MIBA MIBA Village Residential Village Residential Hillside Residential Hillside Residential University Residential University Residential Biomedical Biomedical Learning Learning Sport Sport Hinterland Hinterland University East University East Education Retail Commercial Public Domain Residential Hospitality Lifestyle Shaded Courtyard Townsville Hospital 59 Progressive learning: schools, shared facilities, high quality environment, flexible and versatile, strong university connections, the ethos of academic excellence. LEARNING Character and Appeal Connections This precinct will complement the University Central character of This precinct will be well connected to the University community cool urban places. With the landscape classified as secondary and surrounds. Safe, cool streets will encourage students to walk The Learning Precinct will present an image of progressive landscape spaces, large canopy street trees will provide shade over and cycle to school. A purpose-built student drop-off area will learning within a University setting. footpaths. New and existing grassed ovals will be popular with ensure minimal conflict with non-school traffic. It will establish an environment where school students become students and the community alike. Copses of canopy shade trees Opportunities exist for connections with the community and others familiar with a University setting and are part of the ethos of at the edges provide sun protection for spectators. e.g. the “outstation” concept. academic excellence. Parents will be eager to be a part of the university spirit, creating The learning precinct incorporates early childhood school as the commercial opportunities. first step in a life-long learning environment which extends The learning precinct will be where Townsville residents want their from pre-school to primary to tertiary and beyond, and will aid in children to attend school. The school within an urban university the development of an educated and job ready community who setting will enable sharing of resources and university training. are encouraged to experience a range of world class formal and informal learning programs in one place. SECTION 07 Pathways @ Northlakes, Brisbane - educational facility 60 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Proposed Uses Signature Buildings The school will be co-located with the University’s sporting A school could contribute to the built edge. facilities and therefore will benefit from sharing of facilities. This could extend to other resource sharing such as audio visual, lecture theatres, ICT and library facilities (where appropriate). MAJOR USES MAJOR USES Public Domain Commercial Residential Hospitality Education Lifestyle Retail University Central University Central Town Central Town Central SECTION 07 Creative Gateway Creative Gateway ZONES OF CHARACTER MIBA MIBA Village Residential Village Residential Hillside Residential Hillside Residential University Residential University Residential Biomedical Biomedical Learning Learning Sport Sport Hinterland Hinterland University East University East Education Retail Commercial Public Domain Residential Hospitality Lifestyle Students Educational and Sports Facility 61 Sport for life: popular destination, active and passive, formal and informal recreation, sports complex, sporting fields. SPORT Character and Appeal Connections The precinct will combine formal sporting fields and facilities as The precinct is highly accessible located between two entry/ well as opportunities for passive recreation. The sporting fields will egress point to Angus Smith Drive. The precinct also benefits from The Sport Precinct will be the focus of recreational needs for be used by sporting teams during the evenings for training and on multiple road frontages. the campus, and it will be a popular destination for students, the weekends for competition. Similarly, students, residents and residents, workers and recreational sporting teams. The precinct will The recreation precinct is within 400 metres walking distance of workers will use the space for sporting pursuits and as an oasis the MIBA, Metro Residential and University Central Precincts. combine active and passive, formal and informal recreation. from work and university demands. Convenient and comfortable pedestrian and bicycle links will be With the advent of voluntary student unionism, there is uncertainty The landscape of the sport precinct is classified as a secondary formed with adjoining precincts and connect to a wider network with regards to the recreational requirements for the UV. An space. The provision of shaded pathways for pedestrian and cyclists throughout the campus. early implementation task of UV will be a study into the facilities will assist in attracting users to this recreation area within the required for sport and recreation activities for UV. This will involve campus. The landscape design within this precinct is to be informal discussion with sports administrators in Townsville-Thuringowa to but, also functional so to provide ‘spaces’ within the precinct which ensure the University Village facilities complement the matrix of can accommodate a variety of recreational activities. sporting resources. SECTION 07 62 Bikeway and pedestrian path JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Proposed Uses The proposed uses in this precinct will be park and recreational uses. The facilities will include cricket ‘nets’, tennis courts, storage areas and a sports complex. The sports complex could include basketball, netball, gymnastics, volleyball and gymnasium activities. The sports complex may also be orientated towards the sporting fields and include areas for spectators. A swimming pool would also add to the appeal of this precinct. MAJOR USES MAJOR USES Public Domain Commercial Residential Hospitality Education Lifestyle Retail University Central University Central Town Central Town Central SECTION 07 Creative Gateway Creative Gateway ZONES OF CHARACTER MIBA MIBA Village Residential Village Residential Hillside Residential Hillside Residential University Residential University Residential Biomedical Biomedical Learning Learning Sport Sport Hinterland Hinterland University East University East Education Retail Commercial Public Domain Residential Hospitality Lifestyle 63 Natural frame: safe, strong landscape connection, panoramic views, nature for nature’s sake, vantage point, minimal built footprint, trails. HINTERLAND The precinct will have a number of entrances designed for pedestrian and bicycle convenience. A lookout will be incorporated Connections Connections to the precinct will be both visual and physical. The which may be accessed by vehicle. The lookout could offer naturalistic image of the hinterland precinct will remain a visual The hinterland precinct will present an image of a frame for the panoramic views over Townsville. From the lookout, pathways will connection for the University and a point of reference for visitors University Village - nature for nature’s sake. There are significant invite people to leave their cars to ‘explore’ the precinct. travelling to the University. conservation values to be retained in this area. Shade cover will be provided by native vegetation. At the ‘lookout’ Physical links to and through the precinct will be created. Pathways and other places of disturbance, additional native re-vegetation may Character and Appeal will be formed which provide a minimal built footprint into the be required. The ‘lookout’ could also incorporate a shelter/ picnic precinct, as well as providing a safe and convenient access to the Recognised as the natural retreat of the Urban Village. The existing structures. hinterland precinct. natural qualities will be retained and cherished by residents. It is a A bushwalking and fitness circuit from the existing water tank, more traditional destination, a safe, quiet and soft environment with up and along the ridge and then down to University Creek and a strong landscape connection. terminating in the veterinary area has appeal as a connection The precinct will be a retreat, a lookout, a natural discovery/ between the urban and the natural environments. adventure setting, and an educational and research resource. The precinct will be attractive for morning or afternoon walking or mountain bike riding. The precinct will also continue to have a role in the University curriculum. The area is classified as its own landscape space; the hinterland landscape. New design elements such as street furniture and SECTION shade structures will protect and enhance the natural landscape elements and ecological habitats. 07 View towards the campus Panoramic view 64 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN The Hinterland precinct will adjoin the Residential precinct and Proposed Uses therefore will have a direct relationship with the community. The Hinterland precinct will be used for walking and cycling, However, these boundaries will not be clearly defined, rather, field studies and an educational and research resource. There is elements of the Hinterland precinct will lead and blend into the the opportunity for further exploration of the concept of a cafe/ Residential precinct. restaurant or function space at the ‘lookout’. The precinct also adjoins Defence land to the south. This boundary will need to be carefully managed to avoid conflict with the Defence operations. MAJOR USES MAJOR USES Public Domain Commercial Residential Hospitality Education Lifestyle Retail SECTION University Central University Central Town Central Creative Gateway Town Central Creative Gateway 07 ZONES OF CHARACTER MIBA MIBA Village Residential Village Residential Hillside Residential Hillside Residential University Residential University Residential Biomedical Biomedical Learning Learning Sport Sport Hinterland Hinterland University East University East Education Retail Commercial Public Domain Residential Hospitality Lifestyle View towards Townsville CBD Varied terrain 65 Low-intensity academic functions, land bank for future needs, creek crossing, consistent landscaping theme. UNIVERSITY EAST Connections The University East precinct will be connected to the University Central precinct by a creek crossing. The crossing will form an This zone is intended to become a transition area whereby current extension of the ‘main street’. A consistent landscaping theme from low-intensity academic functions such as the veterinary farm and the ‘main street’ will strengthen this link. Agricultural Science will be retained, surplus area could be land banked for future academic needs. An alternative connection to the north could avoid the need for a creek crossing. Character and Appeal An extension of the secondary ring road in the View Residential The character of this precinct will have synergies with the University precinct may also extend through this precinct. Central precinct and/ or the Biomedical precinct. This may be implemented through strong physical links and landscape treatments. However, the natural environment will remain the dominant characteristic. Pedestrian connections SECTION 07 66 Veterinary Science JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Proposed Uses The provision of additional academic buildings should be focused onto new road layout. There are opportunities for a naturalistic water body adjacent to and connected to the creek. MAJOR USES MAJOR USES Public Domain Commercial Residential Hospitality Education Lifestyle Retail University Central University Central Town Central Town Central SECTION 07 Creative Gateway Creative Gateway ZONES OF CHARACTER MIBA MIBA Village Residential Village Residential Hillside Residential Hillside Residential University Residential University Residential Biomedical Biomedical Learning Learning Sport Sport Hinterland Hinterland University East University East Education Retail Commercial Public Domain Residential Hospitality Lifestyle View towards south View towards north 67 7.6 Preliminary Concept Plan The following options were prepared to present a range of alternative development scenarios. These options were developed using the project brief, vision, design guidelines, and zones of character as an initial step in the iterative process which assisted the optimal outcome for University Village. SECTION 07 OPTION 1 OPTION 2 OPTION 3 Key Features Key Features Key Features: — The lowest impact to the existing campus. — Medium impact to the existing campus. — Highest impact to the existing campus. — MIBA as entry statement. — Commercial/ Retail as entry statement. — Commercial/ Retail as entry statement. — Sports fields remain in current location. — Main Street located adjacent (and perpendicular) to main campus — Main Street established on Ring Road. — Main Street located central to the campus. entrance. — School located within Ring Road. — One new east-west connection through Academic Core. — One sports field located within the Ring Road. — Sports fields located within Ring Road. — University Colleges unchanged. — School co-located with sports fields. — Southern extent of Ring Road extended. — Green spine established through the campus. — Significant portion of MIBA in north-western quadrant. — Physical relationship with Hospital acknowledged (Commercial — Medium Density Residential uses at southern end of Ring Road. uses). — Physical relationship with Hospital acknowledged (MIBA uses). — Two new east-west connections through Academic Core. — Three new east-west connections through Academic Core. 68 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN 7.7 Preferred Concept Plan Following feedback from the stakeholders on the concept options each of the 3 options were assessed both commercially and qualitatively. In terms of the qualitative assessment Option 2 was preferred over options 1 and 3 for the following reasons. — Sports fields provide a buffer between the MIBA and residential land. — There is better access and address for the MIBA land via new roads. — There is a high activity commercial gateway into the site. — The Town Centre is located close to site entry giving greater exposure. — There is the opportunity to capitalise on distant views to Magnetic Island and over Townsville with hillside development. — The Medium Density residential sites are sited close to the playing field and open space areas. — The retention of the veterinary farm. — Western campus is consolidated into the Academic Core. — There is strong connectivity with the Hospital. SECTION — A strong north-south green axis enhances connectivity. — — The existing road layout is largely retained. Two new east-west connections further increases connectivity, 07 particularly through the Academic Core. A series of refinements to Option 2 that were identified and incorporated include the following. — Provision of medium density housing at the southern end of James Cook Drive. — Location of the proposed school to the western end of the sports fields. — Collocation of the sports fields to facilitate optimal maintenance arrangements. — Replacement of a wedge of commercial land north east of the Biomedical Precinct with an Academic Core designation. — Creation of a secondary ring road through the residential area. 69 7.8 Structure Plan The structure plan includes the following components; Reinstatement of the north-south axis to create a ‘green spine’ to the University which, combined with a controlled street network, will add vitality and energy to the heart of the campus. East-west street connections will contribute to making the campus more accessible, as well as activating parts of the campus. The commercial, retail and MIBA are concentrated within the northern segment of the campus. In this location, these users will have high exposure as the public face of the University Village and are able to provide integration with surrounding development. Residential uses form a band to the south and west of the Ring Road. Higher density residential is nominated in key locations near open space and facilities. Significant areas for research, conservation, natural drainage and wildlife have been retained on the campus. A sports and schooling precinct is located adjacent to the academic core, commercial and retail precincts and the main movement SECTION routes. 07 70 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN The resultant Master Plan provides for development of the Proposed Land Use Land Area (m2) Percentage of Academic Core to support a projected student population the Total Area of 15,200 (10,550 EFTSL) by 2025 (which will result in the Mixed Industry Business 105,000 2.8% corresponding need to provide 141,886 sqm of GFA), as well as Activity a range of alternative uses. Commercial 70,000 1.8% These include commercial and other potential employment Town Centre 23,000 0.6% generating activities, retail and a mix of residential housing Residential 447,000 11.7% types including traditional detached housing lots and medium Medium Density Residential 135,000 3.5% density housing. University College 15,000 0.4% A summary of the indicative development potential for Replanned Colleges/ 184,000 4.8% University Village is shown in the following table. It should Medium Density Residential be noted that while the indicative GFA for the Academic Core Subject to further 554,000 14.5% is 267,699 sqm, this represents the maximum development investigation for residential potential for the site assuming 2-3 storey development with no or other time constraints. This demonstrates that the academic core can Academic Uses 919,000 24.1% readily accomodate the required floorspace (ie. 141,886sqm) to School 48,000 1.3% meet student growth projections by 2025. Sports Field/ Parkland 449,400 13.2% Land Use Land Area (1) (ha) Indicative GFA / Yield Research, Conservation, 708,600 18.6% Academic Core 91.9 267,699 m2 (2) Natural Drainage and Wildlife MIBA (3) 10.5 53,703 m2 Corridor (including Land SECTION Commercial/ Retail 9.3 123,880 m2 Above 100m) Residential (4) School 58.2 4.8 (5) 1,303 dwellings N/A Trunk Roads (as per Structure Plan) 154,000 4.0% 07 Total 3,812,000 100.0% Note 1. This refers to developable areas and does not include roads, open space etc. 2. Includes existing Gross Floor Area (GFA) of 100,557sqm. 3. MIBA – Mixed Industry and Business Activities. 4. Excludes Residential Colleges. 5. Does not include additional area of 55.4ha subject to further investigation for residential development. 71 7.9 Illustrative Master Plan The Illustrative Master Plan takes the Academic Core to further detail from the Structure Plan. The Plan represents an end vision, combining both existing and future building. The Illustrative Master Plan includes the following features. — Future buildings are orientated towards streets. — The plan forms a linkage with Townsville Hospital by suggesting building locations. — The green spine incorporates a variety of experiences. — The plan suggests key building locations/ uses. — The creek lines positively contribute to the campus. — Car parking provided by both carparks and on-street. SECTION 07 SUMMARY TABLE FOR ACADEMIC CORE EXISTING AND PROPOSED EXISTING AND PROPOSED CARPARKS PROPOSED EXISTING ACADEMIC CORE PROPOSED TOTAL BUILDING (ON-STREET GROSS PROPOSED BUILDING BUILDING LAND AREA FOOTPRINT AND CAR FLOOR SITE COVER FOOTPRINT FOOTPRINT (m2) AREA (m2) PARKS) AREA (m2) (%) (m2) (m2) 607,456 124,067 3,475 280,299 20.42 46,317 77,750 SUMMARY TABLE FOR TOWN CENTRE EXISTING EXISTING EXISTING AND PROPOSED AND ACADEMIC PROPOSED CARPARKS PROPOSED CORE PROPOSED TOTAL BUILDING (ON-STREET GROSS PROPOSED BUILDING BUILDING LAND AREA FOOTPRINT AND CAR FLOOR SITE COVER FOOTPRINT FOOTPRINT (m2) AREA (m2) PARKS) AREA (m2) (%) (m2) (m2) 37,000 18,000 270 57,400 48.65 N/A 18,000 72 Illustrative Master Plan JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN 7.10 Existing and Proposed Buildings The accompanying plan illustrates existing, demolished and proposed buildings within the campus core. The existing, demolished and relocatable buildings have been identified based on: — the opportunity to retain structurally sound and adaptable buildings; — the opportunity to demolish buildings which have high maintenance costs due to the age of the building/s; and — the opportunity to replan areas which are occupied by demountable/ relocatable structures. The proposed buildings have been located according to the project objectives, vision and design principles, established in the preceeding sections of this report. SECTION 07 Existing and Proposed Building Plan 73 7.11 Street Network The street will have a significant influence on the character of the spaces. The accompanying plan establishes a street network within the campus core, including: — Main Street; — The Boulevard; — The Avenue; and — University Mews. The photographs provide an illustrative example of these streets. The Main Street SECTION 07 The Avenue The Boulevard University Mews 74 Street Network Plan JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN 7.12 Bicycle/ Pedestrian Hierarchy The bicycle/ pedestrian hierarchy is based on the intention to focus the ‘activity’ to the street network. However, there will be interconnections between buildings and precincts. These interconnections will be identified during the subsequent and detailed ‘precinct planning’ for the campus. Primary Route The primary route will carry the majority of cyclists and pedestrians entering and exiting the site. These generally correspond with James Cook Drive. Secondary Routes The secondary routes are generally associated with lower traffic volumes. These include the ‘internal’ configuration for the Academic Core and an outer ring road. Tertiary Routes The tertiary routes are characterised by low traffic volumes and include areas where residential uses are proposed. SECTION 07 75 7.13 The Experiences The experiences are the key elements of the master plan that will combine to create a unique identity and address for University Village and ensure its success as an emerging quarter of Townsville. These elements are: — Landscape; — The Boulevard; — Main Street; — The Spine; — Courtyards; — Library Forecourt; — Movement System; and — Infrastructure. SECTION 07 Locality plan for the experiences 76 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN 7.13.1 Landscape Water Legibility The Dry Tropics Water has the ability to calm and cool the mind. Water in the wet To use a space one needs to be able to navigate through it. The dry tropical climate and landform of the Townsville region tropics is ephemeral and has the ability to change the harshest Within the landscape, recognisable landmarks are key to is a unique and picturesque landscape. Rugged mountains brown landscape into one of soothing green. identifying places. Landmark campus tree species will be a contrast against lowland forests and coastal plains. High Juxtaposition is strong with water dissecting the landscape common thread sewing the landscape, pathways and roads intensity, infrequent rainfall; tropical sunshine and cooling in this sense. A lush, cool experience is felt close to water, together. Similarly, unique tree species to individual precincts breezes blowing regularly off the ocean, influence the region’s bringing great relief from the persistent heat. The juxtaposition will help develop differences between precincts. Other landscape climate. Harnessing these qualities improves the useability of and perceived cooling influence is to be a key element in the elements including signage are required key entry places. A outdoor spaces. landscape design of the University Village. sense of arrival is key at the gateway entry points to University Village. Signage and a distinctive plant palette will facilitate this. Shade Visual recognition of elements outside of the site is important in The provision of shade in the landscape through large canopy maintaining geographic recognition of space and time. Thus the trees provide the required sun protection, while moisture maintaining of views out of the site is paramount in landscape evaporating from plant foliage reduces air temperature. At layout and design. Landscape elements should focus and frame James Cook University Village large shade tree plantings are views to elements of importance. the key part of using outdoor spaces comfortably and living life outdoors in the dry tropics of Townsville. The plant species Robustness selected are generally indigenous, from the Townsville City Ordered Nature of the Urban Landscape A flexible landscape that allows for multi-functional use is Council preferred plant list in consultation with James Cook required for groups and individual contemplation. Landscape University, and are strong performers in severe wind events. An urban landscape requires order and structure to function furniture elements should be designed to be used for more than appropriately. Human scale, shade and amenity is required for one function, i.e. seats should be able to used as tables, study SECTION comfortable pedestrian use, interaction and movement. Within rest spots, performance spaces or lounges. the university’s heart, a formal landscape will help accentuate its urbanity, educational function and assist in way finding. Safety 07 A public landscape needs to be safe. Adequate landscape lighting A Clear Intervention in the Natural Landscape is required to minimise ‘dark corners’ and allow for safe use at The rugged beauty of the landscape surroundings the Village night. Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) is stunning. A landscape within the Village that contrasts with principles of canopy trees and low groundcovers will need to be local elements to create shade and a clear distinction between adopted though the landscape. This will enhance the strong urban the natural environment will result in a unique and picturesque design agenda that will encourage building users to overlook the place. The random nature of the landscape combined with public realm. its exaggerated scale will contrast with the university’s urban qualities and human scale. Further contrast is established with random trails of green flowing through the campus along the creek lines. 77 Landscape Structure THE LEGEND The structure of landscape spaces is ordered around a hierarchy of landscape spaces. The hierarchy is classified by plant species, level of amenity, Entry Node MIBA CREATIVE GATEWAY furniture and landscape finishes. The hierarchy is divided as follows. Precinct Entry node (1) Primary Landscape. Consists of high quality finishes and signature large Primary Landscape shade trees. These areas are urban in character and located at the heart of Secondary Landscape MEDIUM DENSITY the campus. High quality public art installations will be found within these Tertiary Landscape RESIDENTIAL LEARNING BIO-MEDICAL spaces. There will be subtle difference in appearance depending upon TOWN CENTRE exact location, use and context. Themed gardens featuring indigenous food Hinterland Landscape SPORT species/dry tropical plant species may be appropriate with a courtyard setting. Informal Open Recreation Space (2) Secondary Landscape Spaces. Are a blend of urban and natural Informal Riparian Link characteristics. They will be composed of a mix of high and medium quality Landscape Spine finishes. Landscape furniture and art installations will be found within these Tropical Informal Street Tree Plantings spaces. Tropical Formal Street Tree Plantings (3) Tertiary Landscape Spaces. Are areas with a strong natural character. They UNIVERSITY will be typically residential or natural areas surrounding the campus. These UNIVERSITY UNIVERSITY CENTRAL spaces form a transition into the Hinterland landscape. RESIDENTIAL EAST (4) Hinterland Landscape Spaces. This landscape comprises the natural dry open forest that exists on the raised ridges to the southern portion and outer rim of the University Village. This landscape is to be maintained as a scenic SECTION backdrop to the Village. (5) An informal riparian link flows through the Village and in parts contrasts with 07 the urban nature of parts of the Village. One of the creeks has ecological significance and should be maintained in a natural state through the village. MEDIUM DENSITY The creek influences the character of the precincts, streets and nodes through RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL these regions. Part of the western creek is man made. It would therefore HINTERLAND be appropriate to explore opportunities for modifying and enhancing the qualitities of this corridor, improving visual and physical access to it. The configuration of all spaces should encourage views and links to be RESIDENTIAL maximised throughout the site helping to increase site legibility and protect vegetative fauna links. Streets trees throughout the Village are classified as either formal or informal. HINTERLAND Formal plantings should create an ‘avenue effect.’ Informal plantings should be spaced unevenly and planted in groups. The landscape Spine is at the centre of the Village. It should create a series of experiences through formal and informal parts of the campus. Landscape Structure Plan 78 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN The Spine Structure The Park The Spine The park will have an urban character. It will be an extension of the main street in landscape finishes and experience. The space will The green spine open space area will act to unite the University Village. be comfortable, vibrant and safe. The space will provide a series of The spine will link the Medium Density Residential with the Creative experiences from passive to active. Copses of spreading canopy trees, Gateway, thus creating a link thorough University Central and the Town lawn mounding, high quality pavement, furniture and seating walls Centre. will contribute to an attractive setting. Even within the tropical formal The spine will be strongly defined by large shade trees and strong landscape of the spine at the heart of the campus, native fauna will feel planting design. The shade trees will provide understorey protection comfortable to graze within these spaces. for eye catching, coloured and textured plantings. Landscape art and sculpture could add visual interest, meaning and structure helping to define spaces. High quality pavements, seating walls and customised furniture will provide the necessary amenity. At regular intervals the landscape configuration will have different themes. The Library Forecourt The court will be formal in configuration and will establish an urban setting. The formality of the court juxtaposes the natural disorder of adjacent landscape themes. A vibrant and active space, the court will cater for large groups and SECTION ceremonial practices. High quality pavements, furniture, and seating The Creek A forest exists in the riparian zone of the creek. Dry rainforest walls will extend to adjacent spaces. 07 vegetation is present along the creek edges. The creek is a natural, though inaccessible link through an urban environment developing a unique sense of place. The species found naturally along this corridor will be reinforced and will be extend into the urban environment to establish a fauna habitat and a cool oasis in the University Village. The creek could incorporate a sizeable water body as a celebration of the water within the spine. Legend Tropical Formal Landscape configuration Tropical Informal Landscape configuration Zone of Transition scale 1:10 000 @ A3 79 Typical Landscape Treatments Botanical Name Common Name HARD LANDSCAPE TREATMENTS primary landscape space University Central - Town Centre - Creative Gateway - Mixed Industry and Business Activities 01 Ficus spp. Fig 02 Casuarina cunninghamiana River She-oak 03 Asplenium nidus Birds Nest Fern 04 Brachychiton discolor Lacebark 05 Beaucarnea recurvata Pony-Tail 06 Araucaria cunninghamiana Hoop Pine 01 02 03 04 05 06 secondary landscape space Medium Density Residential - Learning - Biomedical - Sport - University Residential 01 Calophyllum inophyllum Tamanu 02 Elaeocarpus grandis Blue Quandong 03 Dianella caerulea Flax Lilly 04 Juncus usiatis Sedge 05 Alstonia actinophylla White Cheesewood 01 02 03 04 05 04 SECTION tertiary+ hinterland landscape space Residential - Hinterland - University East 07 01 02 Cycus media Flindersia australis Cycad Crows Ash 03 Haemodorum corymbosum Scarlet Bloodroot 04 Aidia racemosa Archer Cherry 05 Lophostemon grandiflorus Northern Swamp Box 01 02 03 04 05 James Cook University Village Iconic Plant Species Snapshot landscape character images 01 Adansonia gregorii Boab Tree 02 Acacia leptostachya Townville Wattle 03 Eucalyptus spp. Mixed species 04 Melaleuca leucadendra Broad Leaved Paperbark 05 Themeda triandra Kangaroo Grass 06 Xanthorrhoea spp. Grass Tree 01 02 03 04 05 06 university central town centre sports fields residential 80 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN 7.13.2 Entry Boulevard The Entry Boulevard will contribute to the entrance statement for the campus, and it will represent the expression of the University Village. Significant shade trees, with median planting, generous footpaths, and buildings fronting James Cook Drive will activate the street edge while facilitating an attractive engaging pedestrian environment. MEDIAN Existing Section A-A SECTION 07 UNIVERSITY ACADEMIC RESIDENTIAL UNI RESIDENTIAL ACADEMIC MEDIAN Entry Boulevard Proposed Section A-A 81 7.13.3 Main Street The Main Street will be a vibrant focal point for the campus based upon vehicle/ pedestrian activity and lifestyle experiences. In addition the main street represents an ‘urban’ environment different to the surrounding suburban centres. THE GREAT HALL ART GALLERY The Main Street will contain a wide mix of uses that will generate a high level of activity with priority given to pedestrian amenity. Uses such as ground level retail, and commercial and residential above ground level will be encouraged. This will also be a sought after address for medium density residential development. Public art and landscaping are to be used to enhance the setting. Section B-B RESIDENTIAL SECTION 07 RESIDENTIAL COMMERCIAL COMMERCIAL ACADEMIC RETAIL 82 Section C-C JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN 7.13.4 The Spine The Spine will provide for a pedestrian friendly environment COMMERCIAL within a themed landscape setting. Parts of the spine will incorporate formal avenue planting of large shade trees combined with understorey planting, and varied pavement COMMERCIAL treatments will delineate zones of activity. Other parts of the spine will be more organic with a strong natural character. Well COMMERCIAL placed seating, drinking fountains and public art will provide ART GALLERY a stimulating human scale environment conducive to student COMMERCIAL meetings, strolling, conversation, reading and other recreational ACADEMIC activities as well as allowing for pedestrian and bike movements required as part of the lecture/ study programs. RETAIL Section D-D SECTION 07 LIBRARY ACADEMIC ACADEMIC Section E-E 83 7.13.5 Library Forecourt The Library Forecourt is intended to become the ‘ceremonial heart’ of the university campus. It will become a familiar space for past and present students and staff, while also a marketspace on weekends. With a new shady and cool forecourt the library will remain a great place to meet people. The space could incorporate pieces of public art. The sound and images of the nearby water body will add tranquility and serenity to the space. It will also be a place of ceremony, learning, thinking and contemplation. SECTION 07 84 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN 7.13.6 The Courtyards Courtyards will be located throughout the Academic Core. These spaces will be connection points between campus precincts as well as shady outdoor rooms where students, staff and workers may retreat. These spaces could incorporate themed gardens. High quality pavements, grass mounds and customised furniture will provide necessary amenity. The Courtyards will be themed in appearance depending upon exact location, use and context. SECTION 07 85 7.13.7 Movement System Parking The Master Plan aims to achieve the following features. Roads and Traffic JCU is in the process of developing a new parking plan and the Each developable portion of land will supplement the street parking. While detailed traffic analysis has not been undertaken the key elements of this plan will merge with the UV plan. The basic In the academic core area parking capacity will be required to following traffic volumes are considered likely at the connection parameters of the plan include the following. increase to cover the projected student population increase over points to the greater Townsville system. — The provision of parking has substantial cost to JCU. A measure of the next 20 years. Current available parking is in the order of 3,060 user pays is anticipated as, apart from financial considerations, free spaces (plus 528 spaces in the colleges). It is envisaged that this Angus Smith Drive 25,000 Vpd master plan will deliver in the order of 3,700 spaces. parking has an element of inequity in that non car users effectively Discovery Drive 15,000 Vpd subsidise car users through their university fees. There is sufficient space within the core for at-grade parking to be Parkinson Road 10,000 Vpd — Low cost, all day parking will always be available for staff and used but James Cook University is continually reviewing the parking Angus Smith Drive and Discovery Drive would be Sub-Arterial students but it may be some distance from major destinations and options to maximise choice, availability and minimise cost. Roads with the link roads within University Village being Major commercial areas. Collectors. — Parking arrangements close to major destinations will favour short Sub-Arterial roads will have a minimum corridor width of 30 term users. metres that will provide for two 6 metre wide road carriageways — Customer parking will be available for commercial areas, with costs separated by a 5 metre wide median. On both sides of the of provision to be met by tenants. roads there will be a 600 mm kerb and a 5.9 metre verge in which a footpath can be established. JCU has and will continue to work with Queensland Transport in the TravelSmart program aimed at reducing the number of car journeys Major Collector roads will have a minimum corridor width of by encouraging public transport, shared car usage and pedestrian 20 metres that will provide for a 9 metre wide road carriageway. and cycle journeys. Success in this area will lead to reduced SECTION On both sides of the roads there will be a 600 mm kerb and a demand for car parking, reduced congestion and reduced energy 07 4.9 metre verge in which a footpath can be established. consumption, plus health gains for those who choose the cycle/ pedestrian option. 86 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN SECTION 07 87 7.13.8 Infrastructure The proposed layouts and indicative development densities detailed have been used to estimate relevant population data, and to determine the changes to infrastructure and services required to support this layout. Water Supply The fully developed Master Plan (based on the academic core being expanded to provide approximately 142,000 sqm of GFA) will provide an equivalent population (EP) of approximately 8500. With Townsville City Council taking over the water supply assets, they are unlikely to accept responsibility for the current pressurised system. They would require a dedicated pump system to an appropriately sized reservoir, which then feeds the reticulation system. For the fully developed layout the required total reservoir capacity is approximately 9.1 ML located on a pad at approximate RL 90. This could be located immediately above the existing 1.55 ML reservoir. Trunk reticulation mains would then be required around the development area. The existing pump station would be required to be upgraded to a 165 litre/ second pump capacity discharging directly to the new reservoir. There is potential to stage the required works utilising the existing SECTION reservoir and pressurised system but that would depend on what areas 07 were developed initially. Sewerage The fully developed Master Plan (based on the academic core being expanded to provide approximately 142,000 sqm of GFA) will provide an equivalent population of approximately 8700. The currently estimated EP entering the sewerage system at the top end of the south western trunk (SWT) sewer is 1500. Discussions with Townsville City Council and a review of the catchments feeding into the top end of the SWT sewer indicate that with the proposed ultimate population in University Village, the capacity of the 375mm section of the SWT sewer will be exceeded. Therefore any sewerage flows from new development in the area are required to be moved to a discharge point at the manhole where the 450mm sewer commences. 88 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN A trunk sewer network will be constructed throughout the The above works are required to handle 50 year Average University Village site. The land is generally sloping to the Recurrence Internal events. In order to achieve the desired north and a conventional gravity system is proposed. One environmental outcomes for this development, it is proposed pump station may be required at the north western corner of the that Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) principles will be entire site as this area is unlikely to be able to gravitate into the used. existing pump station serving the Western Campus. These include: The connection manhole is located within Defence Land, and — protecting natural systems; the sewer connecting the University to this manhole will be constructed in Defence Land, so approval from Defence will — integrating stormwater treatment into the landscape; need to be sought. — protecting water quality; Stormwater Drainage — reducing runoff and peak flows; and There are two primary drainage systems across the University — adding value while minimising development costs. Village site. University Creek to the Eastern side of the site and Some measures that could be included on this “Greenfield” site an un-named creek to the West, which was previously redirected include: to run through the middle of the Academic Core. — litter traps; Smaller catchment areas are located on the Upper North Western corner of the site. This area’s undeveloped land has — swales; multiple gullies and drainage paths all draining to a series of — infiltration trenches; culverts under Angus Smith Drive and the Ring Road. As this area is developed, a series of stormwater drainage paths and — bio-retention systems; SECTION easements will be set up. The culverts have been sized to take — wetlands; 50 years Average Recurrence Interval storm events. Given the size of the two primary drainage systems, their — porous paving; and 07 — rainwater tanks. contributing catchments are very large, with University Creek at the confluence of the two upper branches adjacent to Electrical the Facilities Management Office, having a catchment area A large electrical substation is located at the Northern edge of approximately 325ha in size. The current layout considers the the University site. This substation has recently been linked to area between the two upper arms of University Creek and the two additional substations near Lavarack Barracks and Kirwan area to the west as Academic Core area where fieldwork will take respectively. place. It is understood that these stations are likely to be able to On the “western” creek, preliminary calculations indicate that accommodate the proposed University Village layout, but this a small detention system is likely to be required just prior to has not been confirmed by Ergon. crossing the Ring Road. When the creeks combine around Tropical Veterinary Science, it is also likely that a small detention system will be required. 89 “The things we have to learn before we can do them, we learn by doing them” Aristotle 8 The Delivery Framework — The Compliance Check (CC) stage ensures that constructed buildings have incorporated the requirements of the Design Design Guidelines Guidelines and capture the finer building details. The Strategic Design Guidelines, contained in Chapter 10, will 8.1 Planning Process, Governance and Implementation ensure the design and development of buildings and spaces support The objective of the governance and implementation framework is the vision for University Village. to provide an organisational structure for project implementation and the nature and extent of the roles and responsibilities of the parties involved. This section proposes a planning process and governance structure together with the systems and processes that could be adopted for Master Plan project implementation. The suggested model is based on previous project experience and takes account of the need to provide leadership and authority Preliminary Approval Application balanced with accountability, probity and transparency in the (Master Plan) delivery of the project. Site Specific Design Requirements Planning Process The suggested model for the planning process is illustrated in the For Each Development Proposal adjoining figure. Sketch Design (SD) Stage A Preliminary Approval Application could be made to Townsville Design Review Process City Council for the land uses (in principle) on the master plan. Site Specific Design Requirements could be prepared for each Pre - Development Application SECTION ‘super lot’ to provide a detailed framework for proponents. (Pre - DA) Stage 08 The Design Review Committee could guide the proponent through the following stages. Development Application (Townsville City Council) — The Sketch Design (SD) stage to ensure the proposal is heading in the right direction. — The Pre-Development Application (Pre-DA) for review and approval Developed Design (DD) Stage prior to formal DA submission. — The Developed Design (DD) stage in which the proponent demonstrates the proposed constructed building is designed in Compliance Check (CC) Stage accordance with the previous approvals and illustrates how the proposal achieves the requirements of the Design Guidelines. 90 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Effective Governance Executive Level To ensure that the ‘whole of project’ outcomes are achieved, it may be necessary to invite other stakeholders to attend the Governance is the set of processes, customs, policies, The executive level is the collaborative framework for the project PCGs in a non executive capacity. It is recommended that the regulations and institutions affecting the way the project is participants allowing them a forum to think holistically and act Local Authority should be invited to have a senior level officer in delivered. It also establishes accountability and authority and collaboratively in the best interest of the University Village. attendance, to aid the relationship between the property owner the relationships among the many agents involved as well as the It brings together the key stakeholders in a high level Project and the Local Authority, and assist informed decision making project goals which guide implementation. Control Group (PCG), responsible for the strategic direction of both strategically and operationally. Elements of project governance for UV will be: the development. It should not deal with operational decision The role of the PCG can be summarised as: — project leaders committed to the vision and delivery of project making. — guardian of the vision and proposition; goals; The authority of the executive level is derived from endorsement — a well documented governance structure supported by position by the boards of control of the project particpants of the project — project champion communicating and promoting the project to descriptions and consultant briefs which unambiguously specify vision and the direction of the University Village Master Plan. external audiences; responsibilities; — provide a vehicle for strategic decision making; The Project Control Group (PCG) — accountabilities and authority levels clearly documented; The PCG could drive the delivery of development to achieve the — endorse recommendations for action; — project participants aligned to the UV project vision; shared vision for JCU - University Village. — forum for information exchange between parties; — transparent procurement processes directed to achieving It directly controls all project activity, and receives status reports maximum value for the project; relating to the project activities. — budget control and cost and value monitoring; — a definition of value which is not exclusively financial in that it This group could also be responsible for all non fiscal project — project review – monitor progress and delivery of desired outcomes; also takes account of social and environmental values; risk, ensuring that efficient systems are in place for effective and — open communication and dissemination of information. monitoring, measurement and accountability. — monitor and guide external stakeholder relationships. — a recognition that all project participants contribute value through ideas, innovation, and leadership irrespective of SECTION responsibility and a commitment to acknowledge such contributions; — respect for diverse opinions with decisions taken on the basis of 08 reliable information, consultation and a consideration of social, environmental and financial effects; and — adequate project budgets to ensure project goals are achievable. Decision Making Models One model for decision making in the project has two layers; the executive (or decision making level) and the secretariat (implementation level). This model is outlined below. 91 The Secretariat Project Implementation Committee Design Review Committee The secretariat is the implementation arm of the project and The Project Implementation Committee (PIC) could manage and Initially, to control the quality and consistency of the design output comprises the Project Director (PD) and the dedicated services of a co-ordinate the project subject to the direction of the Project for University Village a set of strategic design guidelines have been Project Coordinator (PC) and a Community Development Manager Control Group. established. (CDM). The PIC meetings will be chaired by an independent project The Design Review Committee ensures that the Design Guidelines An independent Project Director could be appointed to co-ordinate coordinator and its membership consists of a representative from for University Village are developed in detail and are consistently and control the project at the direction of the PCG. The primary JCU and any relevant consultants, as required. The Project Director applied throughout the development and updated as required to objective of the role is to drive the development, manage the could also attend monthly PIC meetings. continue to support the Vision. decision making process and ensure the vision is turned into reality. During the development period, it may be appropriate to include The DRC would include representatives with expertise in ESD, The Project Co-ordinator could have operational responsibility for representation from the projects under construction for a proportion possibly nominated by the Centre for Excellence in Tropical Design. the site and the implementation of the strategic decisions taken of the meeting to allow on site co-ordination and encourage good It is recommended that this process be evolved to include greater by the PCG that relate to contractors, construction and operational channels of communication. integration with the Design Review Committee at the Request for budgets. This role primarily co-ordinates the work load of the Offer, DA and Approved for Construction stages. Project Implementation Committee and Design Review Committee. The Community Development Manager could have responsibility for Vision the social, civic and community fabric for University Village and is charged with the responsibility of establishing a community identity and fostering a sense of community spirit. Integrated Master Plan Together, the secretariat team could champion the project vision, manage the delivery of the project outcomes, and co-ordinate the execution of the master plan strategies and the Precinct Planning. Executive Project Control Group The secretariat is supported by both the Design Review (DRC) and James Cook University SECTION Project Implementation Committees (PIC). 08 Secretariat Project Director Community Project Coordinator Development Manager Project Design Review Implementation Committee Committee Suggested decision making model 92 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN 8.2 Site Specific Design Requirements (SSDR) — The ecology of the site and surrounds. — that the proposal does not prejudice the development of — Topography – contours and levels. adjoining sites by shifting unreasonable costs of infrastructure The SSDR are an integral part of defining the finer grain of on to adjoining properties, such as parks, and stormwater the master plan. — Existing street network and intersections, and their treatment and management facilities. The SSDR should identify the elements of the locality public transport routes and their stops. surrounding a development that can impact on the planning — Existing structures, adjoining land uses and approvals on Step 4 – Documenting the SSDR and design of the site. It must be clear how the proposed surrounding sites. The SSDR design, including land use allocation, movement development will integrate with the surrounding community and — Location of existing and proposed pedestrian and cyclist paths. system design, and open space and park network provision, with the existing and proposed parks, service and infrastructure must actively promote the intent of the precinct. Information networks and the movement system (road network, public Step 2 – Identification of site characteristics contained on the SSDR is to be prepared at a maximum scale of transport facilities and pedestrian and cycle paths) within and 1:2000. connected to James Cook University. Local site characteristics that must be identified prior to preparing the SSDR include waterway corridors, habitats and The SSDR should contain the degree of detail appropriate to the The scope of the SSDR is to be tailored to match the scale and ecological corridors and landscape features. Townsville City particular proposal and its circumstances and at a minimum likely impact of the proposed development, and depends on: Council’s City Plan 2005 broadly maps these features, however, map and report on: — the nature and extent of the issues associated with the site and detailed studies will be required as part of the SSDR process. — appropriate lot or dwelling yield for each part of the site immediate locality surrounding the site, such as environment, These site characteristics must be identified and mapped as (density); land uses, availability of infrastructure, topographical features, these implications could affect potential land uses, yield and/ or movement systems, natural features and existing character; and design considerations. — location of each proposed land use, including where applicable, the extent of facilities proposed such as community facilities, — The nature and extent of the proposal, its uses and the staging Step 3 – Analysis of site characteristics centres, and employment; of development and external impacts such as stormwater quality and quantity management, traffic generation, public transport Once the site characteristics have been identified they must — how and where physical infrastructure is to be provided, availability, infrastructure capacity, wildlife corridor linkages and inform a sensitive and considered design approach. consistent with the Masterplan e.g. water, sewerage and social impacts. stormwater; The SSDR documentation must demonstrate integration, The more constrained the site, the greater the level of detail namely: — general location and size of parks including networks, consistent SECTION required to accompany the proposal. with the Masterplan; Preparing the SSDR — compatibility of surrounding uses (existing and proposed) with the proposed use/s; — existing and proposed pedestrian and cyclist connections, 08 consistent with the Masterplan; The steps that should be followed and information provided when — how the proposal fits into the overall road hierarchy and transport network and how the street network will encourage the — existing and proposed road network, consistent with the preparing the SSDR are outlined below. Masterplan road hierarchy; emergence of a co-ordinated precinct; Step 1 – Site and context assessment — that consideration has been given to the potential for the — existing and proposed public transport routes and stops; Prior to preparing the SSDR an assessment of the site and its subdivision and co-ordinated and integrated development of — detailed design guidelines, consistent with the Strategic Design context must be undertaken and a site description of the land adjoining areas; and Guidelines of the Masterplan; prepared, supported by a map containing the following features — proposed staging of the development; and as a minimum. — effects on environment, ecology and ESD considerations. 93 8.3 Staging Plan The University Village Master Plan provides for a 20 year time horizon with implementation of the development occurring on a staged basis. The requirement to provide new infrastructure and roads within the site will be driven in response to market demand and requirements for the delivery of the University’s academic and research programs. The following staging plan shows an indicative sequencing of the development of the site based on the progressive implementation of infrastructure services in a logical manner. The timing of stages cannot be defined as they will be subject to changing market conditions over time. The detailed planning and development of the academic core is driven by the market, planning objectives and the delivery framework. The accompanying staging plan for the academic core, is based on the planning objectives alone. The overarching ‘phases’ are based on the ability for the campus to generate activity and interest close to the public frontage to the site. Therefore, appropriate development within Phase 1 should be developed whenever possible. The areas identified as high priority are based on: — the early establishment of a main street and town heart; SECTION — catalyst project such as relocation of the School of Education and School of Creative Arts; 08 — Australian Tropical Sciences and Innovation Precinct Building; and — adding to existing infrastructure such as Library forecourt. The areas identified as medium priority include planning and constructing of The Avenues and associated arbours. In addition, the Mixed Use and Commercial Precinct and adjoining frontage land with the Townsville Hospital. The areas identified as low priority are academic areas where the building/ priority areas are unknown. Development within these areas will largely occur as required. 94 The green spine should be planned and developed progressively. JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN “How can you take something good and turn it into something great?” Jim Collings, ‘Good to Great’. 9 Master Plan Strategies Goal 1: Establish a clear urban framework for the University Village that optimises the physical, virtual and social links with the surrounding Spatial Framework neighbourhoods, existing JCU campus and Townsville city. A set of goals are proposed which reinforce the vision and Goal 2: Position the University Village as a dynamic and vibrant quarter of the city with a strong sense of place and cultural identity. proposition for University Village. Identity and Urban Performance These goals, together with their corresponding desired Goal 3: Promote excellence in tropical design, establishing the University Village as an exemplar of ESD in the tropics and as a vibrant, outcomes, provide a suggested path to achieve the Master Plan. Tropical Design interesting, richly layered and inclusive place. They are supported by a series of implementation strategies which map how these results may be achieved through an Goal 4: Establish a planning framework in partnership with Townsville City Council and supported by the project participants, which encourages inclusive and collaborative approach. Planning innovative solutions and allows the vision for the University Village to be achieved. The target end dates and requirements will be developed by JCU. A review programme of the Strategies will need to be Goal 5: Acknowledge and respond to the heritage characteristics of James Cook University, interpreting its indigenous culture, contribution to agreed to ensure that the Strategies remain accurate and relevant Heritage European history and longstanding educational connections. during implementation. Goal 6: Incorporate the principles of environmentally sustainable development (triple bottom line) through the design, construction and Sustainability (Ecology) operations, and minimising the ecological footprint of University Village. Goal 7: Promote and harness innovation, stimulate enterprise and enrich employment opportunities. Economic Development Goal 8: Create safe neighbourhoods which champion equality of opportunity and focus on increasing both social capital and individual capacity. Social Benefit Goal 9: Develop University Village as a mini university town with a sense of community by using facilities, spaces, events and technology to Community Development deliver experiences that enrich Village life and the University. Goal 10: Ensure that people using University Village can be less reliant on cars. Transport SECTION Goal 11: ICT Enable a viable and enduring connected community, enhanced by continuing innovations in infrastructure Communications Technology (ICT). 09 Goal 12: Use University Village as a living research laboratory to improve social and urban outcomes across North Queensland. Research Goal 13: Deliver the master plan and associated strategies in a collaborative way, led by the Facilities Management Office of the University, Delivery supported by a dedicated delivery team. 95 Goal One: Spatial Framework Measurement University Village being publicly acknowledged as a successful example of urban renewal and effectively integrated into the Establish a clear urban framework for the University Village that surrounding fabric of Townsville City. optimises the physical, virtual and social links with the surrounding neighbourhoods, existing JCU campus and Townsville city. Context A well-defined spatial framework which is informed by the vision and provides a template that guides all aspects of the development. It promotes strong and legible connections between elements within University Village and with the surrounding neighbourhoods. Desired Outcomes 1.1 A physical and visual presence for JCU both on Angus Smith Drive and Bruce Highway bypass. 1.2 A ‘Main Street’ environment with a mixture of uses and strong urban form. 1.3 A network of popular parks and urban spaces. 1.4 Well-shaded pedestrian links between the university central and the surrounding zones. 1.5 Safe, legible, inviting and equitable access to, from and throughout all areas of University Village. 1.6 A strong spine which provides the civic structure of the University SECTION Village and connections between commercial, educational, community and residential land use. 09 1.7 A mix of commercial, educational, community and residential land use throughout University Village. 1.8 Natural features and qualities of the area which are recognisable as integral parts of the urban fabric and set the basis for the character of University Village. 96 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Desired Outcome Key Strategies 1.1 A physical and visual presence for 1.1.1 Deliver high quality built form and business and commercial precincts along the Angus Smith Drive and Highway bypass as a frontage to University Village. JCU both on Angus Smith Drive 1.1.2 Sites with long term development visions are developed with interim uses. and Bruce Highway bypass. 1.2 A ‘Main Street’ environment with a 1.2.1 Establish a centre that integrates retail, civic, business, education, community and recreational uses with public transport. mixture of uses and strong urban 1.2.2 Integrate main street with public spaces. form. 1.2.3 Ensure key tenants are established in centres to encourage other development. 1.2.4 Define a clear zone of character for the town centre area. 1.2.5 Support the delivery of an active ground plane in the Town Central Zone. 1.2.6 Adopt a staged approach to the town centre zone to ensure intensity of activity from the outset. 1.3 A network of popular parks and 1.3.1 Deliver an accessible quality public realm and network of open spaces. urban spaces. 1.3.2 Ensure the public realm is well maintained. 1.3.3 Create a public realm with places for pause, chance meeting and interaction. 1.3.4 Create streets that are pleasant places by using shade, and places to stop and relax and which act as open spaces and links between open spaces. 1.3.5 Manage park spaces including civic events and community recreation programs. 1.4 Well-shaded pedestrian links 1.4.1 Strengthen the pedestrian connection between the Town Central and University Central Zone. between the university central and 1.4.2 Promote walkability to reduce the dependence on the vehicle for internal trips. the surrounding zones. 1.4.3 Develop a clear strategy for after dark routes to transport interchanges. 1.4.4 Traffic and parking information signs in the Town Centre and University arenas. 1.5 Safe, legible, inviting and 1.5.1 Provide public spaces and streetscapes that exemplify the desired character of an area. equitable access to, from and 1.5.2 Clearly identify the external areas the University Village needs to connect with and establish a movement strategy that responds to the identified need. throughout all areas of University Village. 1.5.3 Conduct a Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) audit of University Village and its key connections. 1.6 A strong spine which provides the 1.6.1 Establish the formal landscaping treatment along the green spine to foster the ceremonial and academic heart. civic structure of the University 1.6.2 Deliver locally relevant focal points within discrete communities to engender a sense of identity and place. Village and connections between commercial, educational, 1.6.3 Influence the nature of future development in the extended site area through the Local Plan (Townsville City Council City Plan 2005) process. community and residential land 1.6.4 Integrate with the proposed master plan and developments for the existing JCU campus. use. 1.6.5 Ensure developers embrace the vision and contribute to its overall delivery. SECTION 1.7 A mix of commercial, educational, community and residential land use throughout University Village. 1.7.1 1.7.2 Establish the strategic committee to facilitate the high quality mixed development within University Village. Establish a series of zones of character across the site and use development management strategies to locate components to achieve optimum synergy and land value. 09 1.7.3 Conduct a social infrastructure audit. 1.8 Natural features and qualities of 1.8.1 Provide streets focused on local land marks and open space characteristics (such as Mt Stuart, Magnetic Island) and highlight the riparian zones and watercourses through the site. the area which are recognisable as 1.8.2 Ensure open spaces integrate with residential communities and provide physical and visual access to natural environments. integral parts of the urban fabric and set the basis for the character 1.8.3 Ensure landscaping is responsive to local climate and themed to contribute to character. of University Village. 1.8.4 Preserve wildlife corridors to ensure wildlife can move between habitats and to continue the presence of wildlife in the academic core. 97 Goal Two: Identity and Urban Measurement Performance Recognition of JCU University Village in relevant industry reports and publications. Achievement of 90 per cent brand penetration city wide and 100 per cent with its targeted audiences. Position the University Village as a dynamic and vibrant quarter of the city with a strong sense of place and cultural identity. Context Urban design is the link between built form and spaces, relating the quality of the place to people’s experience of it. A diverse mix of activity also underpins the success of a place and its contribution to its identity. The visual cues that confirm the identity and function of University Village are demonstrated through its gateways, landmarks and streetscapes. This identity must be authentic and believed equally by residents, workers and visitors to create a bond between community members and reinforce a sense of place and local identity. Desired Outcomes 2.1 Integration of the university community with the broader Townsville- Thuringowa community. 2.2 Active streets as people spaces – lively, interesting, safe and populated, during the day and night. SECTION 2.3 University Village is instantly and accurately recognised in the market place through strong brand penetration. 09 2.4 The natural features and qualities of the area are recognisable as integral parts of the urban fabric and sets the basis for the character of University Village. 2.5 Heritage elements recognised in the vision, development and management of University Village and contribute to its authenticity and sense of place. 98 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Desired Outcome Key Strategies 2.1 Integration of the university 2.1.1 In all aspects of the project, emphasise University connections to the community through design, marketing and economic and community development. community with the broader 2.1.2 Design elements which welcome the broader community and encourage entry to UV to use facilities. Townsville-Thuringowa community 2.2 Active streets as people spaces – 2.2.1 Define landscape requirements for each zone of character to achieve this outcome and include in the precinct plans and site specific design requirements. lively, interesting, safe and 2.2.2 Reinforce uses which encourage interaction at ground level through the contractual and design review processes. populated, during the day and night. 2.2.3 Commission public art and way finding strategies providing incidental interest and a sense of place throughout the site. 2.2.4 Encourage JCU to put learning activities beyond the lecture theatres into the public spaces. 2.2.5 Devise and implement a community safety program. 2.3 JCU University Village is instantly 2.2.1 Establish a clearly articulated vision and proposition. and accurately recognised in the 2.2.2 Develop key messages and images commonly used throughout marketing material. market place through strong brand penetration. 2.2.3 Develop combined marketing protocols relating to JCU University Village releases. 2.2.4 Maximise the opportunity for speaking engagements to broadcast the brand. 2.4 The natural features and qualities 2.4.1 Implement the zones of character strategy through development management. of the area are recognisable as 2.4.2 Identify a series of core components and signature pieces of public art. integral parts of the urban fabric and sets the basis for the character 2.4.3 Promote the points of difference strongly in the market place to stimulate demand. of University Village. 2.5 Heritage elements recognised in 2.5.1 Devise and implement a visitor strategy for the University Village, taking account of the key attractors and events program. the vision, development and 2.5.2 Develop a strategy to link University Village with Townsville wide festivals and activities. management of the University Village and contribute to its authenticity and sense of place. SECTION 09 99 Goal Three: Tropical Design Measurement JCU University Village wins at least one award for urban design excellence and secures at least two national architectural awards by Promote excellence in tropical design, establishing the University 2008. Village as an exemplar of ESD in the tropics and as a vibrant, Influence on development of urban design standards for Townsville interesting, richly layered and inclusive place. City Council. Context The built form is the physical, tangible expression of the place and therefore must endorse and support the vision for the University Village. Well designed buildings and spaces attract people, leading to their long term success and enhanced fiscal and social value. The context should inform the design response - the larger the project the greater the potential to create and control its own character. An emphasis on tropical design will enable University Village to become a leader in sustainable design in the tropics with opportunity for research spin-offs. It will also contribute to the cultural identity of the area and form part of its unique character. Desired Outcomes 3.1 The built form is acknowledged as reflecting best practice urban design and is recognised as being internationally significant. SECTION 3.2 The landscape and buildings within University Village are internationally recognised as being leading examples of tropical 09 design. 3.3 The philosophy of the design guidelines is adopted in the design of the buildings at University Village. 100 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Desired Outcome Key Strategies 3.1 The built form is acknowledged as 3.1.1 Ensure tender documents detail the requirements for the zones of character as well as the site specific requirements of design. reflecting best practice urban 3.1.2 Signature piece strategy to focus attention on UV. design and is recognised as being internationally significant. 3.1.3 Develop a program promoting the architecture and design to residents, workers and visitors. 3.1.4 Deliver state of the art examples of appropriate tropical design. 3.2 The landscape and buildings 3.2.1 Deliver academic core buildings with innovative and best practice design elements. within University Village are 3.2.2 Encourage research, innovation and prototype development in UV projects which have potential to enhance life in the tropics. internationally recognised as being leading examples of tropical 3.2.3 Explore the potential for the innovative delivery of a building at University Village. design. 3.2.4 Become a signature project and educational focus for the Centre for Excellence in Tropical Design and sustainable living initiative. 3.2.5 Publish articles in various publications about the philosophy and design intent of University Village. 3.3 The philosophy of the design 3.3.1 Develop design guidelines which enable UV to become a leader in sustainable design in the tropics. guidelines is adopted in the design 3.3.2 Implement a proactive/ interactive design management approach to concept and design development stages of key buildings. of the buildings at University Village. 3.3.3 The design review committee will not accept poor and non-compliant design. 3.3.4 Align the pre-lodgement process and the design review exercises. 3.3.5 Ensure compliance with the design guidelines is a condition of all relevant contract documents. SECTION 09 101 Goal Four: Planning Measurement A JCU Local Plan is developed with Townsville City Council which closely reflects the vision and desired outcomes for University Establish a planning framework in partnership with Townsville Village and is the key instrument driving compliance. City Council and supported by the project participants, which encourages innovative solutions and allows the vision for the University Village to be achieved. Context An effective, efficient and well-defined planning framework that reflects the vision for University Village will support the desired identity and stimulate appropriate development. It is critical that the statutory planning document reflects the University Village vision. The optimum balance of uses and development will best be achieved where the statutory planning framework is closely aligned with the ambition and strategies embodied in the Integrated Master Plan. Desired Outcomes 4.1 The planning framework reflects and endorses the vision and intent of JCU University Village Master Plan. 4.2 The planning scheme is the development control mechanism for both land uses and urban form outcomes. SECTION 09 102 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Desired Outcome Key Strategies 4.1 The planning framework reflects 4.1.1 Work within the Townsville City Council planning team to develop a Local Plan, supporting the vision, ambition and design guidelines of the Master Plan. and endorses the vision and intent 4.1.2 Work with Townsville City Council to understand plans for the future development of the surrounding area. of JCU University Village Master Plan. 4.2 The planning scheme is the 4.2.1 Ensure Townsville City Council (members and senior officers) are fully supportive of the vision and intent driving the Integrated Master Plan for JCU University Village. development control mechanism 4.2.2 Make the City Plan a major instrument for implementing the vision for the University Village. for both land uses and urban form outcomes. 4.2.3 Adopt and promote and, where necessary, influence as many Townsville City Council codes as practicable. 4.2.4 Facilitate Townsville City Council changing their codes or establishing new ones as necessary. SECTION 09 103 Goal Five: Heritage Measurement University Village is included in the Townsville Heritage trail, supported by the interactive digital medium and real time project Acknowledge and respond to the heritage characteristics of James history. Cook University, interpreting its indigenous culture, contribution to European history and longstanding educational connections. Context The site’s unique and colourful history is an important part of its character. Recognising and responding to the heritage elements in the vision, development and management of the University Village will contribute to its authenticity and sense of place. Heritage also makes a significant contribution to the sustainability agenda. Desired Outcomes 5.1 The connections of indigenous people and their traditional use of the site are celebrated through public art and events. SECTION 09 104 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Desired Outcome Key Strategies 5.1 The connections of indigenous 5.1.1 Undertake a cultural heritage survey which includes wide consultation with indigenous land custodians. people and their traditional use of 5.1.2 Engage with the traditional people. the site are celebrated through public art and events. 5.1.3 Ensure the area’s cultural heritage is acknowledged and incorporated in design through interpretive signs, public art, traditional food gardens and the like. 5.1.4 Indigenous heritage of the region is documented and displayed. SECTION 09 105 Goal Six: Sustainability 6.7 The health of building users is improved by providing high indoor air quality and purified drinking water. 6.8 Owners and occupiers are informed of sustainability features Incorporate the principles of environmentally sustainable included within their building and throughout the University Village. development (triple bottom line) through the design, construction 6.9 Data is recorded for ongoing research and refinement of the and operations, and minimising the ecological footprint of the sustainability measures. University Village. 6.10 Transport and traffic systems within UV are models of long-term Context sustainable design and operation. There are environmental, social and economic benefits of Measurement developing more sustainable communities. Energy and water use per unit is demonstrably lower in University With a mix of residents, students, workers and visitors there is Village than the Townsville average. great potential to share the benefits of sustainability with a broad audience and use the University Village as part of a greater The eco-footprint for University Village is demonstrably lower than sustainability learning cycle. other urban areas in North Queensland. Domestic and commercial recycling behavior is measured at the Desired Outcomes point of collection and demonstrates increasing compliance over 6.1 The natural environment is protected and enhanced in the areas time. of ecological processes and natural landscape values involving vegetation, land and aquatic habitat, wildlife corridors, shade and scenic amenity. 6.2 The University Village is regarded as a model project for the promotion of energy efficiency and renewable energy sources. 6.3 A proactive approach to management of water consumption has SECTION quantifiable results within the University Village. 6.4 Whole-of-life costing is promoted throughout the University Village 09 to reduce the depletion of non- renewable resources. 6.5 Native vegetation is preserved wherever appropriate and native species are incorporated into landscape design. 6.6 Physical and sensory pollutants are reduced and managed. 106 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Desired Outcome Key Strategies 6.1 The natural environment is 6.1.1 Document all ESD requirements in design guidelines and make compliance a condition on all land development through application of covenants or lease conditions. protected and enhanced in the 6.1.2 Develop an Environmental Management Plan, which should be compliant with relevant environmental and cultural legislation, and address preservation of high-quality land and aquatic habitats and wildlife corridors, allowing only those enhancements which are highly compatible with the natural environment. areas of ecological processes and natural landscape values involving 6.1.3 Develop a landscape and watercourse enhancement strategy in harmony with the Environmental Management Plan. vegetation, land and aquatic 6.1.4 Consider the recommendations of the University Creek Catchment Management Advisory Committee into the Environmental Management Plan to ensure the long-term viability of the main waterway through Douglas campus. habitat, wildlife corridors, shade and scenic amenity 6.2 The University Village is regarded 6.2.1 Set minimum Green Star rating targets for all new buildings. as a model project for the 6.2.2 Facilitate research and development programs for energy-saving devices, designs and practices especially those best suited to tropical North Queensland. promotion of energy efficiency and renewable energy sources 6.2.3 Mandatory for all buildings to include renewable energy and/or gas systems as appropriate to reduce emission of greenhouse gases. 6.2.4 At least one energy-conscious showcase development in partnership with Federal or State funding. 6.2.5 Implement a neighbourhood purchasing scheme to encourage and promote purchase of energy-efficient household goods. 6.2.6 Investigate, implement and promote the supply of reticulated chilled water to all buildings needing air-conditioning (including residences), to be provided from a thermal storage tank and chillers using off-peak power. 6.2.7 Investigate, consider and promote application of ‘next generation’ service delivery in residential areas, incorporating integrated service provision (the so-called ‘smart’ housing features such as energy and security monitoring, ‘smart’ appliance controls, ‘smart’ lighting and cooling, ‘smart’ entertainment and communications, etc). 6.2.8 Consider options for group purchasing of green power. 6.2.9 Encourage ‘high end’ sustainable outcomes such as solar power generation through bonus schemes. 6.3 A proactive approach to 6.3.1 Reduce demand on potable water supplies by: management of water consumption 1. Investigating and implementing the use of humidity harvesting water dispensers, rain-water retention, grey water recycling and sub-surface irrigation to reduce the demand on potable water supplies. has quantifiable results within the University Village 2. Implementing best-practice micro-design solutions to manage household consumption to below-average rates. 3. Ensuring water meters are installed to allow effective monitoring and central reporting (a ‘smart’ housing feature). 4. Promoting awareness and responsible behaviour among all site occupants. 5. Publicising water consumption figures regularly and widely. 6.3.2 Apply water sensitive urban design (WSUD) principles such as protecting natural systems, integrating storm water treatment into the landscape and reducing runoff and peak flows. 6.4 Whole-of-life costing is promoted 6.4.1 Develop and implement a waste management plan for all sites including construction jobs. throughout the University Village to 6.4.2 Promote use of recycled and low energy materials in building construction or refurbishment. reduce the depletion of non- renewable resources 6.4.3 Encourage recycling of waste materials for all site occupants. 6.4.4 Promote recycling at, and through, community events. 6.4.5 Ensure accurate data is obtained for recyclable and non-recyclable waste produced. 6.5 Native vegetation is preserved 6.5.1 Incorporate retention of native vegetation into all landscape design packages. wherever appropriate and native 6.5.2 Develop an estate vegetation management plan. species are incorporated into landscape design 6.5.3 All common areas throughout the project are planted predominately with native species which encourage and maintain natural habitats. 6.5.4 Ensure that aquatic and riparian zones are included in the vegetation management plan. 6.6 Physical and sensory pollutants 6.6.1 Use zones-of-character strategy to ensure that sources of noise, such as vehicle traffic, car parks, places of entertainment and cafes / restaurants are appropriately located away from residential areas or provide sound attenuation solutions. are reduced and managed 6.6.2 Developments to comply with Council Regulations and Environmental Protection Act requirements. 6.6.3 Meet acoustic requirements of BCA/ Townsville City Council for mixed use. 6.6.4 Use minimal signage and promote use of low-profile identification systems such as kerb numbering. 6.7 The health of building users is 6.7.1 Submit an indoor air quality strategy with the design documentation for each development, incorporating optimum air quality and provision of natural ventilation in lieu of air conditioning as appropriate to the season. improved by providing high indoor 6.7.2 Consider the use of negative-ion generators in all air-handling systems to improve air quality and reduce positive ions in the environment. air quality and purified drinking water 6.7.3 Provide high quality (purified) drinking water to all communal areas and public places (for example, using humidity harvesting water dispensers). 6.8 Owners and occupiers are 6.8.1 Preparation of a UV sustainability handbook (printed and online copies). informed of sustainability features 6.8.2 Conduct, and monitor the impact of, community environmental educational programs to increase compliance with sustainability strategies. included within their building and throughout the University Village 6.8.3 Ensure display suites for residential, retail and commercial sites are fitted out with, and include information on, sustainability features and benefits. 6.8.4 Release and publicise measures of water and energy use for comparison and awareness building. 6.8.5 Develop a complete learning cycle which directs results of research and observation back into the community through learning institutions. 6.9 Data is recorded for ongoing 6.9.1 Collect grouped information on water use, energy use and waste minimisation measures. research and refinement of the 6.9.2 Develop a monitoring and review protocol to include: SECTION sustainability measures - A specification for consumption monitoring equipment with Facilities Management staff at JCU. 6.9.3 6.9.4 - Incorporating into development guidelines and agreements, that monitoring and recording infrastructure will be provided, and confirm that this occurs in all cases. Monitor, record and be capable of reporting energy, water and waste consumption per building or by occupant group. Incorporate a public statement feedback display system compatible with Principle 6.6.4. 09 6.10 Transport and traffic systems 6.10.1 Encourage Townsville City Council and Thuringowa City Council to allocate funding to encourage greater use of public transport, through such schemes as “Park and Bus”. within UV are models of long-term 6.10.2 Design road access pathways and implement management strategies through the UV which positively discourage the use of private motor vehicles. sustainable design and operation 6.10.3 Ensure that sustainable transport is a consideration in the development of the campus Environment Management Plan in order to encourage and reward the use of walking and cycling within the University and surrounding areas. 6.10.4 Investigate and develop systems for the use of electric (or other non-greenhouse-gas-emitting) vehicles to provide bulk passenger movement within the University and the immediate surrounding area. 6.10.5 Regularly monitor and report the volume and rate of traffic flow by different modes at various key locations, and use this data to devise and apply further strategies to reduce dependence on private motor vehicles. 6.10.6 Promote and coordinate the use of car sharing to reduce the volume of private motor vehicles entering the University each workday, and develop a car-pooling scheme for residents and university users. 107 Goal Seven: Economic Development Measurement One significant anchor tenant and 20 businesses establish themselves in University Village by 2020. Promote and harness innovation, stimulate enterprise and enrich employment opportunities. Context A mix of uses will ensure extended hours of activity and a mix of people in University Village. Increased and varied street activity attracts more people, with positive economic and community building flow-on effects. Similarly, a site wide culture of innovation will breed more creativity and innovation throughout all layers of the community. The base platforms required to make University Village attractive to new and relocating businesses are: — reduced costs of location and operation; — platforms for innovation available; — available pool of talent; — physical and virtual connectivity; and — Good lifestyle and environment. Desired Outcomes 7.1 Commercial and retail development is achieved within University Village. SECTION 7.2 On site industry clusters are established. 09 7.3 Functional links between research, commercialisation and enterprise development. 7.4 New long term employment opportunities are created. 7.5 Skills development is facilitated in support of relevant emerging industry sectors. 108 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Desired Outcome Key Strategies 7.1 Commercial and retail 7.1.1 Establish the scope of demand and identify target sectors/ businesses most likely to be viable in UV. development is achieved within 7.1.2 Prepare a commercial development strategy and implementation plan. University Village. 7.1.3 Early implementation of hotel/conference centre as a landmark facility and catalyst for ongoing commercial development. 7.1.4 Expand current understanding of ‘mixed use’ to include commercial office space. 7.1.5 Ensure planning framework, land release program and marketing plan promote mixed use commercial outcomes. 7.1.6 Identify potential key sites for mainstream commercial office use. 7.1.7 Identify locations where ground floor retail uses would be appropriate and achievable. 7.2 On site industry clusters are 7.2.1 Focus on a short to medium term strategy of developing a knowledge-based industry cluster. established. 7.2.2 Adopt a medium to long term strategy of establishing a second cluster around centres of excellence. 7.2.3 Position each cluster as capturing market share at an incubator, micro and small enterprise level. 7.2.4 Develop a detailed understanding of the work and lifestyle needs of these sectors. 7.2.5 Attract at least one headline tenant in each industry cluster. 7.3 Functional links between research, 7.3.1 Consider an Enterprise Centre linking students, small businesses, venture capitalists and customers. commercialisation and enterprise 7.3.2 Consider an Enterprise Director to act as the facilitator stitching ideas and organizations together: reaching beyond the Enterprise Centre. development. 7.3.3 Consider a UV entrepreneurs’ mentoring, business skills development, knowledge share and social network, linking students and businesses. 7.4 New long term employment 7.4.1 Position and market University Village as the place to locate an emerging creative enterprise. opportunities are created. 7.4.2 Leverage town centre retail opportunities and community services employment across site. 7.5 Skills development is facilitated in 7.5.1 Develop a key business skills program for UV. support of relevant emerging 7.5.2 Introduce vocational education and skills training programs. industry sectors. 7.5.3 School extension program to connect with talented non mainstream students. SECTION 09 109 Goal Eight: Social Benefit Measurement University Village has become an inner urban residential neighbourhood of choice. Create safe neighbourhoods which champion equality of opportunity and focus on increasing both social capital and individual capacity. Context Safe, open and accessible places bring people together – they provide places and opportunities to meet and contribute to the overall identity of the place. Positive social outcomes also include the people focused delivery of public realm facilities and creation of elements of ‘third place’ (after home place and unit place)which are particularly important to residents who do not have a regular job and are at risk of social isolation. Social benefit is strongly associated with the strategies contained in the following section relating to community development. Desired Outcomes 8.1 A safe, friendly and person centred environment exhibiting best practice Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) principles is created. 8.2 A variety of housing opportunities close to the town central zone is provided. SECTION 8.3 A network of passive and active indoor and outdoor recreational activities is developed. 09 8.4 Public access to and interaction with the university amenities is achieved. 8.5 The University Village is an environment that promotes social interaction and achieves integration with surrounding neighbourhoods. 8.6 The need for ‘whole of life’ services is acknowledged. 110 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Desired Outcome Key Strategies 8.1 A safe, friendly and person centred 8.1.1 Convene a regular CPTED advisory forum: environment exhibiting best 1. provide a base line audit of the spatial master plan; and practice Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) 2. offer periodic review. principles is created. 8.1.2 Establish the preferred pedestrian routes in, out and through the site as feature routes with elevated treatment standards. 8.1.3 Establish a neighbourhood watch program and community police beat. 8.2 A variety of housing opportunities 8.2.1 Include managed student accommodation. close to the town central zone is 8.2.2 Include managed accommodation for seniors. provided. 8.2.3 Include a mixture of housing choices at appropriate price points. 8.3 A network of passive and active 8.3.1 Implement a site-wide open space strategy. indoor and outdoor recreational 8.3.2 Develop an active parks program and community events. activities is developed. 8.3.3 Establish a Community Hub. 8.4 Public access to and interaction 8.4.1 Provide special arrangements to encourage University Village residents to participate in University programs. with the university amenities is 8.4.2 Engage the community into the University Village. achieved. 8.4.3 Incorporate University programs into site wide events. 8.4.4 Develop a well being program grounded in University functions/ publications/ events. 8.4.5 Promote social networks with open membership. 8.5 The University Village is an 8.5.1 See Community Development Section – specifically desired outcome 9.2. environment that promotes social interaction and achieves integration with surrounding neighbourhoods. 8.6 The need for ‘whole of life’ 8.6.1 Locate age-appropriate housing close to facilities and transport. services is acknowledged. 8.6.2 Conduct a human services infrastructure needs assessment. 8.6.3 Use triage agencies and services already active in the area. 8.6.4 Conduct gap analysis and determine a strategy for rectification. SECTION 8.6.5 Leverage services already available to the University. 09 111 Goal Nine: Community Development Measurement The number of people regularly participating in the community programs grows every year and represents more than 50% of the Develop University Village as a mini university town with a sense University Village population by 2010. of community by using facilities, spaces, events and technology to deliver experiences that enrich Village life and the University. The number of programs expanding to cater for increased range and complexity of community. Context A community development program brings together many of the other elements of the design, development and management of the Urban Village to maximise community outcomes. Community development is about educating, empowering, sharing skills, knowledge and experiences, responding to local needs, and identifying opportunities. It results in happier, healthier, sustainable communities where people want to live, learn and work – adding also to its value. Desired Outcomes 9.1 A strong sense of community and a tangible identity as a university town are engendered. 9.2 An inclusive community exhibiting a high degree of social capital is emerging and traditional barriers between residents, the university, business community and students are broken down. 9.3 Active learning opportunities are an important part of this community’s lifestyle. SECTION 9.4 Integration between the community hub and the university campus 09 established as a central focus for social and civic amenities, services and activities. 9.5 A program of social and cultural events and activities site wide and throughout the year is created. 9.6 A focus on personal wellbeing throughout the community promoted. 9.7 Active community development is enhanced by modern communication technologies. 112 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Desired Outcome Key Strategies 9.1 A strong sense of community and 9.1.1 Finalise the detailed short to medium term community development program. a tangible identity as a university 9.1.2 Secure a medium term Community Development Manager. town are engendered. 9.1.3 Incorporate a community association charge as an element of the Body Corporate costs. 9.1.4 Emphasise university connections and benefits in marketing the project to encourage those with an interest in university activity and programs to take up residence. 9.1.5 Encourage JCU alumni and retired staff to take up residence to enhance university to community networks. 9.1.6 Develop an information centre. 9.1.7 Commission public art which expresses the vision of UV and engenders a sense of place and belonging. 9.1.8 Initiate the online gallery and social archive. 9.1.9 Implement a brand reinforcement program in the local neighbourhood. 9.2 An inclusive community exhibiting 9.2.1 Constitute a community association and encourage local leadership in decision making. a high degree of social capital is 9.2.2 Use the research stages of the online gallery and social archive as a community building exercise. emerging and traditional barriers between residents, the university, 9.2.3 Explore the opportunity for open membership of University clubs and activities. business community and students 9.2.4 Run an annual community challenge weekend and volunteering extension program. are broken down. 9.3 Active learning opportunities are 9.3.1 Provide special arrangements to encourage University Village residents to participate in University programs. an important part of this 9.3.2 Establish short courses or summer schools targeted to different sectors such as arts programs for older adults and retired persons, vocational courses for mid career residents and so on. community’s lifestyle. 9.3.3 Implement a community environmental learning initiative. 9.3.4 Develop a schools program. 9.3.5 Display research activity in exhibitions. 9.4 Integration between the community 9.4.1 Develop a brief for a combined community activity centre, early learning hub and University Village Info Centre. hub and the university campus 9.4.2 Attract third party sponsorship and funding. established as a central focus for social and civic amenities, 9.4.3 Explore innovative social, civic and community service models. services and activities. 9.5 A program of social and cultural 9.5.1 Site wide social and cultural events strategy across all UV venues, integrated with programs for surrounding venues. events and activities site wide and 9.5.2 Relationship with Townsville City Council events strategy encouraging third party sponsorship. SECTION throughout the year is created. 9.5.3 Neighbourhood activities scheduled through the community hub. 9.5.4 Make JCU University Village the home for one Townsville wide event or festival. 09 9.6 A focus on personal wellbeing 9.6.1 Construct a community wellbeing package using JCU services including preferential rates to use JCU facilities. throughout the community 9.6.2 Encourage an active lifestyle including walking programs and health monitoring. promoted. 9.6.3 Implement initiatives to encourage bicycle usage 9.7 Active community development is 9.7.1 Refer to goal 11. enhanced by modern communication technologies. 113 Goal Ten: Transport Measurement Journeys to and within University Village favour walking, cycling and bus trips rather than private cars, in comparison to Townsville Ensure that people using the University Village can be less reliant as a whole. on cars. Context Automobile dependence is damaging to health and the environment, costs the economy, and reduces social interaction by making streets less pedestrian friendly. A more sustainable University Village will encourage pedestrian and bicycle movements and greater reliance on public transport to external destinations. Large car parking areas are unattractive and reduce activity and safety of the Village. Desired Outcomes 10.1 A reduction in car trips made by residents, students, workforce and visitors. 10.2 The University Village well serviced by buses. 10.3 Effective pedestrian and bicycle routes access throughout the site and to neighbouring areas. 10.4 The carparking needs of visitors to University Village are met without dominating the urban environment. SECTION 10.5 The University Village is a pleasant, pedestrian-friendly place. 09 114 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Desired Outcome Key Strategies 10.1 A reduction in car trips made by 10.1.1 Continue the partnership with Queensland Transport in the TravelSmart program. residents, students, workforce and 10.1.2 Develop a transport plan. visitors. 10.1.3 Develop and implement key strategies with a view to achieving best practice. 10.2 The University Village well 10.2.1 Undertake a point of origin and demand study to develop effective route planning in association with Sunbus. serviced by buses. 10.2.2 Develop bus stops on James Cook Drive. 10.3 Effective pedestrian and bicycle 10.3.1 Establish the destination patterns, and connectivity requirements and route plan to meet these needs. routes access throughout the site 10.3.2 Develop a cycling strategy. and to neighbouring areas. 10.3.3 Identify preferred pedestrian routes through the site and upgrade to exceed CPTED minimum standards. 10.4 The carparking needs of visitors to 10.4.1 Develop a parking plan for the campus which has a measure of user payment. University Village are met without 10.4.2 Develop a work place travel plan for the University to reduce staff and student dependence on on-street parking. dominating the urban environment. 10.4.3 Establish a regime to manage on-street carparking. 10.5 The University Village is a 10.5.1 Pedestrian movement which is promoted over car movement. pleasant, pedestrian-friendly 10.5.2 Pedestrian movement which is reinforced by high quality materials, landscaping and public art. place. SECTION 09 115 Goal Eleven: Information and Measurement Everyone in University Village can access broad bandwidth, Communication integrated platform convergence technology to meet their domestic, Technology (ICT) workplace and leisure needs and benefits from competitive pricing. Enable a viable and enduring connected community, enhanced by continuing innovations in infrastructure Communications Technology (ICT). Context ICT connects people and workplaces, improves the delivery of basic services and provides greater learning opportunities. It can be used as a community development tool, promotes knowledge sharing and enables participation in a global marketplace. Desired Outcomes 11.1 A sustainable and progressive ICT solution delivered across the University Village. 11.2 ICT linking everyone participating in University Village life and promoting collaboration with off site partners. 11.3 The University and the community communicating and integrating online. 11.4 A sustainable IT framework provided that delivers reasonably SECTION priced high bandwidth communications to all Village residents and 09 businesses. 116 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Desired Outcome Key Strategies 11.1 A sustainable and progressive ICT 11.1.1 Install fibre optic spine throughout the site. solution delivered across the 11.1.2 Ensure connective ducts are in place past each of the development lots. University Village. 11.1.3 Set the specification for developers for the provision of connection to each lot via spurs and connection nodes. 11.1.4 Tender aggregated procurement model. 11.2 ICT linking everyone participating 11.2.1 Ensure each residence has the ability to be connected. in University Village life and 11.2.2 Make available connectivity in public spaces. promoting collaboration with off site partners. 11.2.3 Display visual evidence of connectivity within the community. 11.2.4 Create a community portal on line. 11.3 The University and the community 11.3.1 See community development strategy 9.7. communicating and integrating on line. 11.4 A sustainable IT framework 11.4.1 Conduct a tender to provide ICT to the Village community. provided that delivers reasonably 11.4.2 Establish a system of review to ensure that the infrastructure and service provided keep pace with emerging technology at minimised cost. priced high bandwidth communications to all Village 11.4.3 Request that stakeholders and developers deliver IT as part of their sales package. residents and businesses. SECTION 09 117 Goal Twelve: Research Measurement Successful research programs which: — directly support or impact the vision for University Village; Use the University Village as a living research laboratory to improve — enable University Village to achieve the goal of being an exemplar social and urban outcomes across North Queensland. of sustainable development in the tropics; Context — inform the development of public and affordable housing policy and implementation; and Research is an important element in the knowledge economy. It promotes and results in innovation and knowledge creation, leading — would contribute lessons learned and allow for improved outcomes to new initiatives, new jobs and wealth creation. on identified future developments State-wide. There are three routes for leveraging the research outcomes and these routes are not mutually exclusive: 1. commercialisation; 2. direct feedback loop leading to an improved product at University Village and contributing to its best practice status; and 3. commentary and analysis that contributes to market best practice or the further development of government policy. Desired Outcomes 12.1 Opportunities for research maximised with significant research outcomes. 12.2 A continuous learning cycle with outputs improving the development and operation of the Village and other relevant projects. 12.3 Active participation in State and regional research initiatives which SECTION improve outcomes in UV and enhance the State Government’s 09 reputation. 118 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Desired Outcome Key Strategies 12.1 Opportunities for research 12.1.1 Work with the JCU Research and Innovation division to identify, prioritise and progress research programs linked to UV. maximised with significant 12.1.2 Encourage and develop interest from JCU faculties in research initiatives based on UV. research outcomes. 12.1.3 Proactively encourage funding or sponsorship for new research ideas that could be instigated at University Village. 12.1.4 Provide resources to allow for enhanced research, teaching and community extension activities related to the natural environment and to University Creek in particular. 12.1.5 Establish a contestable research fund for programs which can benefit UV. 12.2 A continuous learning cycle with 12.2.1 Initially encourage research on: outputs improving the 1. Travel habits, monitoring and influencing household and business use patterns, impact of travel smart initiatives. development and operation of the Village and other relevant projects. 2. Monitoring to develop effective intervention strategies for ongoing stages of project. 3. Future proofing ICT arrangements for smart communities, intelligent e-networks and online communities. 4. The role and impact of social capital in community building. 5. Investigation into market attitudes and community perceptions of affordable housing. 12.3 Active participation in State and 12.3.1 Investigate any Townsville City Council initiatives and promote University Village as a desirable place and location for appropriate programs. regional research initiatives which 12.3.2 Incorporate the Smart State objectives in the University Village research initiatives where possible. improve outcomes in UV and enhance the State Government’s reputation. SECTION 09 119 Goal Thirteen: Delivery 13.6 The marketing and brand representation of the University Village product is communicated clearly and consistently between all project participants. Deliver the master plan and associated strategies in a collaborative 13.7 Clear documentation of University Village delivery mechanism is way, led by the Facilities Management Office of the University, achieved to enable its use as a model for future collaborations. supported by a dedicated delivery team. Measurement Context University Village has been value enhanced through its delivery Effective development management is required to identify mechanism, and its goals and ambitions have been realised. opportunities and resolve barriers to the successful implementation of the University Village Master Plan. Management must be proactive and encompass consideration of stakeholders, funding, timing, and resource allocation. A flexible, staged development process allows the development to respond to market demands. It ensures that informed, strategic decisions can be made so that the overall development continues to meet an emerging market. Desired Outcomes 13.1 A proactive development management approach to the delivery of the Master Plan for University Village which achieves the vision. 13.2 A staging strategy for the release and development of individual lots to stimulate demand and maximise outcomes for all participants. 13.3 A collaborative and communicative approach to the development of SECTION each lot is achieved. 13.4 A supportive and collaborative relationship fostered with Townsville 09 City Council at University Village. 13.5 The design guidelines support and reinforce the vision and strategic direction of the Master Plan achieving strong compliance across all developments at University Village. 120 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN Desired Outcome Key Strategies 13.1 A proactive development 13.1.1 An innovative approach to the tender process to deliver the partnerships and businesses that the University Village is targeting. management approach to the 13.1.2 Encourage and stimulate interest and excitement in the market place through agents and marketing strategies. delivery of the Master Plan for University Village which achieves 13.1.3 Undertake an assessment of potential tenants that would be interested in University Village. the vision. 13.1.4 Liaise with JCU about their internal demand for new premises that could be developed at University Village. 13.1.5 Assist JCU with their objective of attracting business and industry related to its science and engineering activity for co-location and shared use of University Village facilities. 13.1.6 Assist the project participants with the authority approval process for new sites. 13.2 A staging strategy for the release 13.2.1 Actively manage all the agents involved in the sale and release of the land holdings. and development of individual lots 13.2.2 Take a whole of University Village approach to assessing the commercial feasibility of all components – based on current market data and regularly update to reflect site wide to stimulate demand and maximise developments. outcomes for all participants. 13.2.3 Explore innovative funding alternatives for core components at University Village. 13.2.4 Identify the tenancies that should be promoted in the mixed use areas to meet the University Village vision. 13.3 A collaborative and communicative 13.3.1 Establish a Project Control Group in which progress and reporting of each site is tabled and minuted. approach to the development of 13.3.2 Ensure that the Design Review Committee is represented by all project participants. each lot is achieved. 13.4 A supportive and collaborative 13.4.1 Ensure that a senior level executive from Townsville City Council is involved in the University Village Project Control Group forum. relationship fostered with 13.4.2 Endeavour to get a Townsville City Council Project Officer assigned to University Village to maintain consistency. Townsville City Council at University Village. 13.4.3 Involve a Townsville City Council Project Officer in all University Village design review meetings to align the review processes. 13.4.4 In conjunction with Townsville City Council adjust, where appropriate, the design review guidelines to reflect the Townsville City Council requirements. 13.5 The design guidelines support and 13.5.1 Reinforce a design review process to reflect integration with the development application process. reinforce the vision and strategic 13.5.2 Ensure that the design guidelines reflect the vision and key strategies of the Master Plan in the long term. direction of the Master Plan achieving strong compliance across all developments at University Village. 13.6 The marketing and brand 13.6.1 Co-ordinate and review all project participant’s marketing plans to ensure the consistency of the messages to the market. representation of the University 13.6.2 Employ a Community Development Manager to manage all the non-physical attributes and social and community benefits of University Village. Village product is communicated SECTION clearly and consistently between 13.6.3 Manage the agents with their marketing strategies to ensure that the Integrated Master Plan is delivered. all project participants. 13.6.4 Promote the physical and visual elements of University Village as a creative community and active learning destination. 09 13.7 Clear documentation of University 13.7.1 Write papers discussing the merits of delivery and lessons learnt with future recommendations at important milestones in the project. Village delivery mechanism is achieved to enable its use as a model for future collaborations. 121 10 University Village Strategic Design — Residential; and — protect the privacy of adjoining and nearby properties; and — Open Space/ Landscape. — help develop a strong urban street-related character for The Village. Guidelines These strategic guidelines are indicative and preliminary and will be 5 Residential development must be designed to be compatible with developed by the Design Review Committee. the character and amenity of the zone, maintain residential privacy The purpose of these Design Guidelines is to detail the design of adjoining dwellings and retain significant trees. principles to be adopted for any development proposed for Integration 6 Sufficient private outdoor spaces, livable balconies or verandahs University Village. The development of the Master Plan enables 1 The location of key uses and buildings must strengthen integration with appropriate shelter, shade and privacy must be provided the preparation of design guidelines for the next stage of the design between zones, particularly providing for active, safe and attractive for residential dwelling units to contribute to a pleasant living process. The preparation of precinct plans include the preparation pedestrian integration with public transport. environment. of the detailed development criteria which are aligned with the strategic outcomes detailed below. Adherence to these principles Building Design and Siting Retail and Commercial is critical to the long-term success of the University Village and will be checked to ensure the design and development of buildings and 2 Buildings must: 7 Retail and commercial uses must achieve the following. spaces supports the vision for the University Village to provide: — be of a size and bulk that is consistent with the medium density — Development must be principally concentrated within the town — a sense of community; nature of The Village. Lower density development is appropriate centre, with a supermarket providing neighbourhood-level shopping within the Residential Zone; and facilities. — an exemplar of ESD in the tropics; — retain an appropriate human scale and relationship with the — Pedestrian access to the supermarket must be legible and — a university which is engaged with the broader community; streetscape and with other buildings within The Village. convenient. — a visually interesting and attractive place; 3 Buildings must enhance the character of streetscapes, maintain a — Support retail and other commercial services should be located — a highly legible urban environment, at both the pedestrian and sense of open space and pedestrian scale in public and pedestrian within the creative gateway zone. vehicle scale; areas, and provide a high level of amenity for the occupants. — In support of active street frontages, development along the Main — the integration of a range of different uses into a dynamic and Above the lower ‘podium’ levels, buildings must: Street and James Cook Drive (within the creative gateway zone) exciting university village (rather than their separation into different — allow light penetration, air circulation, views, vistas and outlook; and should make provision at street level for retail/ commercial uses. land use precincts); — ensure windows are not built out by adjoining buildings. Landscape — best practice outcomes are reflected during design, delivery, operation and use; The impacts of non-residential proposals must not unduly 8 Landscaping must be consistent with the dry tropical characteristic compromise the amenity of residential zones. of Townsville. — inclusive and collaborative approaches and outcomes; and 4 Buildings must: 9 Footpaths, cycleways and pedestrian spaces must be designed — sustainable change over time. SECTION — blend with the landscape and minimise environmental impacts; to reinforce the character of the precinct and be smooth, safe and The guidelines have been prepared to include the different types of direct to promote usability. — contribute to the creation of safe streets and public open spaces; 10 development including: — Education; — provide an appropriate transition from the building form to the 10 Landscaping to site frontage and pedestrian building entries must integrate with the materials and design of the adjoining footpaths. external landscape and public realm; — Commercial; — Retail; 122 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN 11 Development must be designed and landscaped to avoid or ESD and resource efficiency 24 Demolition and construction waste must be minimised and minimize edge effects and protect the various functions of the strategies implemented to facilitate recycling and re-use of 17 Development must enable sustainable and resource-efficient research, conservation, natural drainage and wildlife corridor. waste materials. tropical design by: 12 Development in areas supporting valued vegetation is designed — integrating and respecting the site, its features and its surrounds; and located so as to maximize the retention of existing valued vegetation and its associated wildlife habitats and movement — designing for climate; functions. — minimising energy use and greenhouse gas emissions; and Views, vistas and landmarks — minimising general waste and supporting recycling. 13 The establishment of prominent focal points and the 18 Building design, layout and landscaping must incorporate best preservation and/ or creation of the significant views to Mount practice passive design to improve thermal comfort for residents Stuart and Magnetic Island must be facilitated. and users. 14 The establishment of prominent gateways or entry points must 19 Landscaping must enable sustainable tropical design outcomes reinforce the sense of arrival at James Cook Drive, Discovery in University Village. Drive and Parkinson Road. 20 Buildings must maximize energy efficiency, and minimise embodied energy. Access, parking and servicing 21 Buildings must incorporate suitable infrastructure to provide 15 Parking areas should not be obvious from the adjacent streets choice in energy supply to internal appliances. and parks. Parking entrances should be located in non-critical 22 Development must minimize impacts on the water cycle and areas away from retail frontages and building entrances and aim to: should, together with access ramps, be perpendicular, not parallel, to the street frontage to minimise impact upon the — protect waterway health by improving stormwater quality and function and amenity of the public realm. reducing site run-off; 16 Parking and access layout must: — minimise effluent discharge; — achieve a balance between controlling congestion and providing — reduce sewage discharge; sufficient short-term parking both to retain the viability of the — maximise recycling opportunities; anticipated commercial components of University Village and to — reduce mains potable water demand by utilizing alternative service the needs of other users of UV’s facilities; sources and technology; and — reduce and charge for on-site car parking where appropriate, to — reduce run-off by ensuring maximum absorption within property SECTION encourage greater use of public transport; and boundary. — be provided in a manner that is visually unobtrusive from the street, and does not unreasonably impact upon the amenity of, 23 Site and building design must facilitate the efficient sorting and 10 disposal of waste to maximize recycling opportunities. the public realm. 123 124 JAMES COOK UNIVERSITY - TOWNSVILLE UNIVERSITY VILLAGE MASTER PLAN
"James Cook University Douglas Campus_ Townsville University "