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					                                                              Final Analysis &
                                                              Framework for
                                                              Justice Reinvestment
                                                              in Wisconsin

                                                              April 7, 2009

                                                              Dr. Tony Fabelo
                                                              Director of Research
                                                              Dr. Fred Osher
                                                              Director of Health Systems & Services Policy
                                                              Marshall Clement
                                                              Justice Reinvestment Project Director
                                                              Hope Glassberg & Marc Pelka
                                                              Policy Analysts

Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009                                                  1
  Overview

   1. Big Picture & Prison Population Projection
                Dr. Tony Fabelo

   2. Analyses of Crime
                Marshall Clement

   3. Substance Abuse & Mental Health Analyses
                Dr. Fred Osher

   4. Community Corrections & Employment
                Marshall Clement

   5. Framework for Justice Reinvestment in WI
                Dr. Tony Fabelo

Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009   2
  System Overview
  Percent Change in # of Incidents & Persons, 2000-2007


     Reported            Arrests          Court              Jail
      Crime                             Sentences         Population          Probation Population

     Violent           Violent          Stable                            Felony Up; Misd. Down
    Up +30%           Down -4%                             +12%


                                                                          Revocations
                                                      Prison Population
                                                                            +14%

                                                    1998-2008: +20%

                       Revocations

                         +83%


         Post-Release Supervision
               Population
                + 76%


Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009                                          3
  JFA vs. APL Projection

     JFA Simulation Model (2009)                              APL Projection (2008)

     • Based on admissions and                                • Percent of Resident
       releases from WI DOC                                     Population in Prison (Rate)
       facilities for a series of years                         X
     • Simulates the current                                    Projected Resident
       sentencing structure of WI to                            Population in a Given Year
       mimic how offenders flow                                 =
       through the state’s CJ                                   Projected Prison Population
       system
     • Allows policymakers to                                 • Applies rates of
       project the impact of policy                             incarceration by sex,
       options by modifying                                     race/ethnicity, and age to
       assumptions in the model                                 projected changes in the
                                                                resident population

Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009                                   4
  New Prison Population Projection
                        JFA Projection & Previous APL Projection

                                                                                                                        25% increase
29,000                                                                                                                  (JFA Projection)
                                                                                                               28,019
27,000
                                                                                                               26,446   14% increase
25,000                                                                                                                  (APL Projection)

23,000
                22,500
21,000
                                                                                                        21,084
                                                                                                                             Capacity
                                                                                 current capacity
19,000                                                                                                                       Shortfall
17,000                                                                                                                      6,935
15,000
             2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019




*Current Capacity Includes DAI Male and Female Operating Capacity. Does not include WRC (300 beds) or contract beds.

Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009                                                                                5
  Projection by Admission Type & Gender

                                           Males                                             Females
                                       Post-Release                                        Post-Release
                    New Crime &                                               New Crime &
       Year                             Revocations          Temp                           Revocations     Temp
                      Probation                               P&P
                                                                       ATR      Probation                    P&P
                                                                                                                   ATR
                                        with no new                                         with no new
                       Violators                                                 Violators
                                           sentence                                            sentence
       2009                  16,251            4,742           433      345          1,081          220       15     38
       2010                  16,851            4,836           438      319          1,180          229       19     32
       2011                  17,263            5,022           432      331          1,143          240       23     45
       2012                  17,706            5,085           451      339          1,217          222       23     39
       2013                  18,190            5,203           433      307          1,180          245       24     40
       2014                  18,571            5,229           458      321          1,142          254       17     50
       2015                  18,732            5,348           463      364          1,185          255       17     40
       2016                  19,052            5,488           487      354          1,226          263       17     39
       2017                  19,327            5,512           485      351          1,194          264       25     42
       2018                  19,647            5,605           496      338          1,242          250       24     43
       2019                  19,964            5,643           480      355          1,242          265       29     41
     Numeric
     Change                   3,713                 901          47      10           161              45     14      3
    2009-2019

    % Change
    2009-2019
                             22.8%               19.0%      10.9%     2.9%          14.9%        20.5% 93.3%       7.9%


* 45% of New Crime & Probation Violators Category are Probation Violators.

Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009                                                               6
  Cost of Building to Accommodate Growth
                                                              JFA Projection

29,000                                                                                                                              25% increase
                                                                                                                  28,019            (JFA Projection)
27,000
25,000                                                                                                                   10 Year Cumulative
23,000                                                                                                                   Cost Estimate
                 22,500
21,000
                                                                                     current capacity
                                                                                                                         $1.4b Construction
19,000
17,000                                                                                                                   $1.1b Operating (10 yrs.)

15,000                                                                                                                   $2.5b Total
             2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019


*Current Capacity Includes DAI Male and Female Operating Capacity. Does not include WRC (300 beds) or contract beds.
*Mead & Hunt 10 Year Plan, based on the APL Projection, estimated $1.2 billion in necessary construction costs to provide sufficient capacity to operate facilities at
      85%.
*The costs presented year assume 95% operating capacity.

Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009                                                                                                        7
  Admissions to Prison per 1000 Adults
  (2007) Wisconsin Counties

                                                               COUNTIES WITH AT LEAST 2% OF THE STATE’S PRISON ADMISSIONS

                                                                                                 Rate per     Est. Prison
                                                                          Count     % Black      1000         Expenditure
                                                                                                 Adults       (millions)

                                                              Milwaukee     2802        76.4            5.8        $200.0

                                                              Dane           563        50.3            2.0         $36.9

                                                              Racine         518        59.5            5.2         $30.1

                                                              Kenosha        320        38.1            3.8         $19.7

                                                              Brown          297        26.9            2.3         $20.2

                                                              Waukesha       272        15.4            1.4         $16.1

                                                              Rock           235        38.3            2.9         $15.4

                                                              Winnebago      171        22.8            2.0         $14.1




                                                                Milwaukee County is home to 16% of the State’s residents
                                                                but accounts for 37% of the State’s’ prison admissions; 76%
                                                                of whom are Black.
Data Source: Wisconsin Department of Corrections                                               Maps: Justice Mapping Systems

Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009                                                                   8
  Admissions to Prison per 1000 Adults
  (2007) Milwaukee Block-Groups with Alderman Districts

                                                               DISTRICTS WITH PRISON ADMISSION RATES OF AT LEAST 10 PER 1000

                                                                                      Rate per      % Black      Est. Prison
                                                              District       Count    1000          Neighbor-    Expenditure
                                                                                      Adults        hood         (millions)

                                                                     15         420        29.5         85.7%           $29.8

                                                                         6      372        21.8         86.2%           $26.2

                                                                         1      230        12.8         78.5%           $14.1

                                                                         7      259        12.4         83.5%           $19.7

                                                                         4      276        11.0         42.4%           $22.8

                                                              Citywide         2557          8.5        37.4%          $184.1




                                                                     Each District has nearly the same population; but
                                                                     while together, the 15th and 6th districts represent
                                                                     about 12% of the City’s population, they account for
                                                                     about 31% of the City’s prison admissions.




Data Source: Wisconsin Department of Corrections                                                   Maps: Justice Mapping Systems

Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009                                                                     9
  Overview

   1. Big Picture & Prison Population Projection
                Dr. Tony Fabelo

   2. Analyses of Crime
                Marshall Clement

   3. Substance Abuse & Mental Health Analyses
                Dr. Fred Osher

   4. Community Corrections & Employment
                Marshall Clement

   5. Framework for Justice Reinvestment in WI
                Dr. Tony Fabelo

Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009   10
  Percent Change in Violent Crime Rates
  (2000 – 2007) Wisconsin
                                                                                          STATEWIDE VIOLENT CRIME

                                                                                           2000              2007

                                                               Violent Crimes                 12,574               16,294
                                                               Population                  5,310,406          5,648,124
                                                               Crime Rate per 1000                2.37               2.88


                                                               Difference in Crime Rate                   + 0.51

                                                               Percent Change in Crime Rate              Up 21.5%



                                                              Milwaukee County‘s violent crime rate grew by
                                                              42% between 2000 and 2007. Its residents—
                                                              only 16% of the State’s population—bear over
                                                              half (54%) of the State’s violent crime.

                                                              Dane County with the second highest share of
                                                              the State’s violent crime (7%), is home to 8% of
                                                              the State’s population, and experienced a
                                                              moderate 8% increase.
                                                              Home to 4% of the State’s residents, Brown
                                                              County experienced a 70% increase in violent
                                                              crime and has the State’s third highest share, a
                                                              still proportionate (4%).
Data Source: Office of Justice Assistance                                                   Maps: Justice Mapping Systems

Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009                                                                 11
  Crime v. Prison Admissions
  (2007) Milwaukee Incident Density
                          ADMISSIONS
                    PRISONVIOLENT CRIMES
                         PROPERTY CRIMES
                                                                                    District 15      Crimes: 2,509       Per 1000: 80.5
                                                                                    District 11      Crimes:    277      Per 1000: 8.1
                                                                                   The highest violent crime rate Alderman District is
                                                                                   10 times higher than the lowest violent crime rate
                                                                                   District.



                                                                                    District 15      Crimes: 3,334      Per 1000: 109.0
                                                                                    District 11      Crimes: 1,075      Per 1000: 31.3

                                                                                   The highest property crime rate Alderman District
                                                                                   is only 3.5 times higher than the lowest property
                                                                                   crime rate District.



                                                                                    District 15   Prison Adm.: 420       Per 1000: 29.5
                                                                                    District 11   Prison Adm.: 46        Per 1000: 1.5

                                                                                   Prison admissions are more concentrated than
                                                                                   either violent or property crime. The highest
                                                                                   prison admission rate Alderman District is 19 times
                                                                                   higher than the lowest prison admission rate
                                                                                   District.

Data Source: Milwaukee Police Department and Wisconsin Department of Corrections                               Maps: Justice Mapping Systems

Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009                                                                               12
  Violent and Property Crime in the Triangle
  (2007) Density of Incidents
                  VIOLENT CRIMES                      THE “TRIANGLE”              PROPERTY CRIMES




             Violent Crimes: 492 Total                                       Property Crimes: 561 Total
  Aggravated Assault : 114             Robbery: 91                            Burglary: 97 Motor Veh. Theft: 125
             Assault: 243    Sex Offence Forced: 6                     Larceny / Theft: 317    Stolen Property: 22
              Homicide: 9             Shooting: 29

Data Source: Milwaukee Police Department                                                Maps: Justice Mapping Systems

Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009                                                       13
  Reentry and Supervision in the Triangle
  Prison Releases (2007), Supervision (May, 13, 2007)
                  PRISON RELEASES                     THE “TRIANGLE”   PROBATIONERS AND POST-RELEASE SUPERVISION




       People Released from Prison: 136                                           Probationers: 161
                                                                            Post-Release Supervision: 190


Data Source: Wisconsin Department of Corrections                                         Maps: Justice Mapping Systems

Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009                                                        14
  Law Enforcement Focus Groups

                           Issue                                                Opportunity

   Communication and collaboration between                    Police departments reported success with
   police departments and state corrections.                  probation and parole officers who spend a
                                                              portion of their time in local stations or, in the
                                                              case of Milwaukee, in Community Prosecution
                                                              Units.

   Rising jail and prison populations impose                  Explore diversion, alternatives to incarceration,
   pressure on county and local jurisdictions                 and other cost-saving measures without
   facing serious budget challenges.                          compromising public safety. Electronic
                                                              monitoring, although not supported by all law
                                                              enforcement executives, was discussed as a
                                                              means of reducing demands for jail space.



   Police contact with people with serious mental             Expand Crisis Intervention Training (CIT) in
   illness.                                                   Wisconsin, and find ways to expand investment
                                                              in county mental health services for persons
                                                              involved in the criminal justice system.


Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009                                                        15
  Overview

   1. Big Picture & Prison Population Projection
                Dr. Tony Fabelo

   2. Analyses of Crime
                Marshall Clement

   3. Substance Abuse & Mental Health Analyses
                Dr. Fred Osher

   4. Community Corrections & Employment
                Marshall Clement

   5. Framework for Justice Reinvestment in WI
                Dr. Tony Fabelo

Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009   16
  Substance Use Disorders
  Among Jail Admissions (National Data)




Source: The National GAINS Center, 2004

Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009   17
  Serious Mental Disorders
  General Population vs. Jail Admissions (National Data)




Source: The National GAINS Center, 2004

Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009   18
  Co-Occurring Disorders
  Among Jail Detainees with SMI (National Data)




                 Without
            Co-Occurring
           Substance Use
               Disorders                                      With
                                                              Co-Occurring
                                                              Substance Use
                                                              Disorders




       Source: The National GAINS Center, 2004

Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009                   19
  Morphologic Changes Associated with MI




                                NORMAL                        DEPRESSION Figure 1
        J Douglas Bremner, MD, Yale University


Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009                         20
  Sequential Intercept Model




       Source: Munetz, Griffen, 2005

Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009   21
  Methods


   • Focused on individuals with behavioral health disorders on Probation,
     Parole, Mandatory Release (MR), and Extended Supervision (ES)

   • Analyzed data from the Division of Adult Institutions (DAI) and Division
     of Community Corrections (DCC) from 2005 and 2007

   • Assessed issue with subject matter experts from DAI, DCC, and DHS;
     judges, community behavioral healthcare providers; and group
     assembled by Chief Justice Abrahamson related to Chief Justice Initiative

   • Developed recommendations in key focus areas




Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009                      22
  Law-Enforcement:
  Current Practices


   • Law enforcement officers expressed concern about
     encounters with people with mental illnesses

   • Officers describe lack of booking alternatives

   • Officers from approximately 70 communities have
     received Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training




Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009   23
  Courts:
  Current Practices

       • Assess Inform and Measure (AIM) project
         implemented in six counties

       • 20 drug courts in Wisconsin, and Eau Claire
         County launched Mental Health Court Pilot

       • Chief Justice Mental Health Task Force




Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009   24
  DOC Intake:
  Behavioral Health Current Practices


     • At intake, all prisoners screened for mental health needs and
       substance use disorders all go through second level of
       screening with psychology staff

     • Unstructured assessment process
       (at Taycheedah more intensive follow-up and assessments
       required at Wisconsin Resource Center) †

     • Based on screen, may be transferred to special facility/unit,
       but treatment resources and housing capacity limited

     † For those with identified mental health needs, there is a mandate for mental health monitoring, which includes file
     reviews and interviews. Therefore, further "assessment" is routinely done on those with identified mental health needs,
     although it is not done with a structured, formal assessment instrument.


Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009                                                                    25
  DOC Intake:
  Prison Admissions Data: Mental Health, Alcohol, Drug
                                                          MENTAL HEALTH
                                Severity                                             Number/Percentage of Inmate Population*
                  MH 0 (No mental health need)                                                       14,943 (66.6%)
                MH 1 (Some mental health need)                                                         4694 (20.9%)
                  MH 2 (Serious mental illness)                                                        2263 (10.1%)

                                                          ALCOHOL USAGE
                                Severity                                                  Number/Percentage of Admissions†
                    No Interference/Occasional                                                          7679 (68%)
                                Frequent                                                                3546 (32%)

                                                              DRUG USAGE
                                Severity                                                  Number/Percentage of Admissions†
                    No Interference/Occasional                                                         6775 (60%)
                                Frequent                                                               4450 (40%)
      * Inmate population as of July 2008, from Legislative Audit Bureau Report, see pg. 24
      † AODA information is compiled from available DOC 502 Risk and Needs Assessment,, which takes place upon intake to supervision (not intake
     to prison), so percentages only apply to individuals who have been under community supervision prior to intake to prison. Also, for the AODA
     information, intake to prison includes any admission type (new sentence, no new sentence, ATR, and Temp P&P holds). This slide includes
     AODA information for individuals admitted to prison in 2007.


Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009                                                                                         26
  Reentry:
  Current Practices

    • Minimal specialized reentry planning focused on
      mental illnesses and substance abuse

    • All inmates complete a general health education
      module, includes some behavioral health elements

    • DOC policy is to provide two-week supply of meds,
      as well as 30-day prescription

    • Social workers in DOC assist MH-2 in applying for
      Social Security benefits before release

Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009   27
   Supervision:
   Current Practices


   • No standardized mental health or substance abuse screens
     used for probationers, limited assessment

   • Limited community-based options for continuum of services,
     sanctions, and alternative to revocation options

   • DCC agents do not routinely receive behavioral health
     information from institutions for parolees and ES

   • Specialized mental health supervision unit in Milwaukee (10
     agents) and Dane (2 agents)


Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009        28
   Supervision:
   Current Practices

   Best Practices                                             Features of Milwaukee
                                                              Mental Health Supervision Unit
   Specialized caseloads smaller, averaging                   Caseload sizes are comparable to other
   45 people per community corrections                        non-specialized community corrections
   agent                                                      agents (~75)

   Significant and sustained training on     No formal mental health training beyond 4
   mental health issues — averaging 20 to 40 hours during basic agent training.
   hours per year.

   Specialized agents collaborate extensively                 Refer supervisees to various community
   with community-based service providers.                    services, but little opportunity for
                                                              collaboration.

   Specialty agents are likely to employ                      Agents have few options for sanctions and
   problem-solving strategies.                                incentives.

Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009                                               29
   Community-Based Services:
   Current Practices
• Inadequate access to behavioral health services

       In rural communities, transportation to services a significant
        challenge
       Marked variations between counties in range and type of services
       Services for probationers not prioritized by county systems (in
        limited cases, some parolees/ES are prioritized)

• Inadequate access to Evidence-based Practices

       Separate mental health and substance use disorder service systems
        limit co-occurring treatment options
       Few Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions targeted to risk
       Long wait lists for Assertive Community Treatment (CSP)



Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009                 30
   Purchase of Service Overview
                                      2004              2009      Percent   • AODA spending
                                                                  Change    increased significantly
                                                                            over the past three years
 Population Under                   68,176           70,121         +3%
 Supervision
                                                                            • Limited POS for COD
 Total Purchase of                 $19.0 m          $27.5 m        +45%     and mental health
 Community-Based                                                            treatment
                                $279/offender     $392/offender
 Services
 Halfway Houses                    $13.6 m          $17.9 m        +32%     • Challenge to ensure
                                                                            that limited funding is
                                                                            directed to services that
 Drug and Alcohol                   $2.0 m           $4.1 m       +105%     match risk/needs of
 Treatment                                                                  supervised population
 Contract & Program                     1.5               2.2
 Oversight Staff                       FTE               FTE



Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009                                             31
 Tailor Supervision & Treatment
 to Level of Risk and Functional Impairment
                                             High Functional Impairment

                                                                                  Intensive supervision




                                                         Functional Impairments
                            Intensive mental health
                            case management                                       integrated with intensive
                            coordinated with good                                 mental health case
                            routine supervision                                   management (e.g., specialized
                            (e.g., Forensic Assertive                             probation caseloads that
                            Community Treatment)                                  integrate supervision and
                                                                                  treatment)

                 Low                                                                                              High
                 Risk       Criminogenic Risk                                      Criminogenic Risk              Risk




                                                         Functional Impairments
                                                                                     Intensive supervision
                            Good routine                                             coordinated with good
                            supervision coordinated                                  routine mental health
                            with good routine                                        services (programs based
                            mental health services                                   on RNR principles)


                                              Low Functional Impairment

   • New Justice Center guide, Improving Outcomes for People with Mental Illnesses
   under Community Corrections Supervision: A Guide to Research-Informed Policy and
   Practice available at www.consensusproject.org
Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009                                                              32
  Intercept-Specific Recommendations
  Law                         Courts                   Jails            Prison           Community
  Enforcement                                                           Reentry          Corrections




  • Increase training          • Expand AIM            •Address         •Assign agents   • Prioritize
  opportunities                                        medication gap   based on         people by
                               • Consider              issue            SA/MH needs      impairment/risk
  • Develop capacity           expansion of
  for drop-offs                specialized                              • Improve        • Increase agent
                               dockets                                  information      behavioral health
  • Increase number                                                     sharing          training
  of specialized LE            •Chief Justice
  programs across              Task Force                                                • Decrease size of
  the state                    follow-up                                                 specialized
                                                                                         caseloads




Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009                                             33
   System Recommendations

      • Screening & Assessment

      • Information Sharing Across Systems

      • Community-Based Service Capacity

      • Coordination



Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009   34
   Financing Recommendations


     • Target resources toward those who are high/medium
       risk and high need, save resources and have greater
       impact

     • Investigate alternative use of jail assessment funds

     • Consider use of DOC POS dollars to leverage federal
       dollars as county match for Medicaid services




Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009   35
  Next Steps



         • Incorporate feedback from the committee on
           recommendations and areas of interest

         • Justice Center Justice Reinvestment staff to return
           next week with policy options




Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009      36
  Overview

   1. Big Picture & Prison Population Projection
                Dr. Tony Fabelo

   2. Analyses of Crime
                Marshall Clement

   3. Substance Abuse & Mental Health Analyses
                Dr. Fred Osher

   4. Community Corrections & Employment
                Marshall Clement

   5. Framework for Justice Reinvestment in WI
                Dr. Tony Fabelo

Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009   37
  Revocations Drive WI Prison Admissions

                                                              Revocations
                                                              (w/ No New Sentence)
                                                              increased from
                                                              50% to 61% of all prison
                                                              admissions

                                                              Cost of Incarceration for
                                                              Revocations (w/ No New
                                                              Sentence) in 2007: $286 m

                                                              % of prison population
                                                              incarcerated for a revocation
                                                              (w/ No New Sentence)
                                                              increased from
                                                              16% to 39%


Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009                                   38
    Revocations (w/ No New Sentence) by Type of Supervision
    (2000-2007)


                                       2000               2007

  Probation                                                      14%
                                      1,948              2,234
  Revocations

  Probation
  Population                        55,905             54,385    -3%


  Post-Release
  Supervision Revocations
                                      1,842              3,374   83%
  (ES/Parole/MR)


  Post-Release
  Population                          9,890            17,376    76%


Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009            39
  Supervision Period Has Doubled

                 Length of Prison Admissions w/ New Sentences
                                                              Post Release
                                                               Supervision
                                                                Population

                                                                  9890


                                                                 14,052



                                                                 17,376




Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009                  40
  Community Supervision per 1000 Adults
  (May 13, 2007) Milwaukee Block-Groups

                                                                 DISTRICTS WITH SUPERVISION RATES OF AT LEAST 50 PER 1000

                                                                                         ES,
                                                                                                               Supervision
                                                              District       Probation   Parole,     Total
                                                                                                               Rate per 1000
                                                                                         MR

                                                                     15            742     1,110       1,852            130.0

                                                                         6         769     1,088       1,857            108.8

                                                                         7         671       875       1,546             74.0

                                                                         1         576       729       1,305             72.4

                                                                         2         504       601       1,105             57.3

                                                                     12            599       441       1,040             52.0

                                                              Citywide           6,932     7,564      14,496             48.3



                                                                    Thirteen percent (13%) of adults in the 15th District
                                                                    and 11% of adults in the 6th District are under
                                                                    probation or post release (ES, Parole, MR)
                                                                    supervision.




Data Source: Wisconsin Department of Corrections                                                   Maps: Justice Mapping Systems

Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009                                                                     41
  Employment

   Employment Status of Post-Release Supervision Population

                  Employed 1 Year
                  1%
                   .   Employed           Unemployed                                          Unemployable
                       18%                71% (approximately 12,000 individuals)              11%



   Developing a Strategy              WI DOC Community-Based Programs                             Coordinating & Expanding
                                                                                                  Local Efforts
   Annie E. Casey Foundation is       Windows to Work
   supporting WI DOC in               Partnership between WI DOC and Bay Area Workforce           Numerous local non-profits and
   developing strategies for people   Investment Board serving 40 individuals/yr currently        foundations developing or running
   in prison and returning to the     across three counties providing job prep in prison and      employment programs either targeting
   community                          job development in the community. Planning to expand        people on community supervision or
                                      to Milwaukee                                                accessible to them.

                                                                                                  Opportunity in Milwaukee to review
                                      Community Corrections Employment                            target population and coordinate among
                                      Program                                                     programs
                                      71 transitional job slots currently occupied; 46 work
                                      subsidies/OJT currently being used



Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009                                                                                42
  Releases from Prison per 1000 Adults
  (2007) Milwaukee Block-Groups with Alderman Districts

                                                              DISTRICTS WITH PRISON REENTRY RATES GREATER THAN 15 PER 1000

                                                                                      Rate per   % Neighb’d      Est. Prison
                                                              District       Count    1000       Un-             Cost
                                                                                      Adults     employment      (millions)

                                                                     15         749       52.6           18.8%        $28.9

                                                                         6      699       41.0           17.6%        $26.3

                                                                         7      536       25.7           10.4%        $24.8

                                                                         1      446       24.7           10.2%        $17.2

                                                                         4      438       17.4           11.4%        $16.9

                                                                         2      324       16.8            7.4%        $13.8

                                                              Citywide        4,700       15.7            7.8%       $185.9


                                                                     People returning from prison to the 15th District and
                                                                     the 6th Districts are returning to neighborhoods with
                                                                     unemployment rates of 19% and 18% respectively.




Data Source: Wisconsin Department of Corrections                                                 Maps: Justice Mapping Systems

Council of State Governments Justice Center – April 7, 2009                                                                    43
  Employment Strategies

  In-Prison                        Pre-Release                Initial                    Stable
  Education &                      Preparation                Employment                 Employment
  Training                                                    Upon Release               & Job
                                                                                         Upgrades

  Fairly extensive                 Pre-release                Community                  Workforce Investment
  vocational training              curriculum offered to      Corrections                Board Job Centers
  offered by WI Technical          update resume,             Employment Program         across the state
  Colleges and DOC-hired           develop job search         (transitional jobs, wage
  instructors                      plan, fill out practice    subsidies, placement)
                                   applications
  Need to examine the alignment
                                                              Numerous nonprofit
  of training offered to current                              programs
                                   Development of
  employment sectors and job
                                   “portfolios” to help
  market                                                      Various foundations
                                   offenders present their
                                                              are interested in
  Work Release                     strengths to employers
                                                              employment strategies
                                                              for people on
  Bureau of Correctional           Windows to Work
                                                              community supervision
  Enterprises


Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009                                                     44
  Overview

   1. Big Picture & Prison Population Projection
                Dr. Tony Fabelo

   2. Analyses of Crime
                Marshall Clement

   3. Substance Abuse & Mental Health Analyses
                Dr. Fred Osher

   4. Community Corrections & Employment
                Marshall Clement

   5. Framework for Justice Reinvestment in WI
                Dr. Tony Fabelo

Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009   45
  Big Picture

    • Population Projection
        25% growth by 2019
        $2.5 billion (10 year cumulative cost)

    • Crime Analysis
        Despite rising prison population, violent crime has increased
        Milwaukee accounts for half of all violent crime
        Within Milwaukee, certain neighborhoods are
         disproportionately victimized

    • Substance Abuse & Mental Health
        Permeates key aspects of the CJ system’s population
        “Dropping the Baton”
        Limited access to services
Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009              46
  Big Picture, cont.

    • Community Corrections & Employment
        Another issue that permeates the CJ system’s population
        70% of people on community supervision are unemployed
        People released from prison disproportionately return     to
         neighborhoods with high unemployment




Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009             47
  Justice Reinvestment
  Policy Framework for Wisconsin
                  Goal: Increase Public Safety & Reduce Spending on Corrections


                             Front-End/Sentencing             Back-End/Supervision


Coordination
& Evaluation



Targeting
Supervision




Changing
Behavior


Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009                          48
  Next Meeting


    Bipartisan, inter-branch, bicameral structure

    1                                       2                          3
    Analysis                                Implementation             Accountability
   Identify Drivers
   •
    • Solicit Input from
      Stakeholders
                                              March 11:
                                              Meeting to              April 7:
                                                                       Meeting to review
    • Map Key Issues                          review progress          final analysis &
    • Develop Framework                                                framework
    • Identify Policy Options
    • Estimate Costs & Savings
                                              Next meeting to review policy options & cost
                                              savings estimates
Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009                                  49
  Thank You



                                                              CONTACT

                                                              Marc Pelka
                                                              Policy Analyst
                                                              (646) 383-5720
                                                              mpelka@csg.org




Council of State Governments Justice Center - April 7, 2009                    50

				
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