; Alcohol _ Marijuana
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Alcohol _ Marijuana


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									Tobacco Review

 1 Pack/2 Packs Day=$______
  3 Things You’d Do w/ $$$$$$
3 Long / 3 Short Term Effects
Chemicals in Tobacco Smoke
3/5 Advertising Techniques
2/3 Quick Facts that Count
              1       5       10      20      30
             Year    Years   Years   Years   Years
1 Pack     Row 1…

2 Packs    Row 2…

1 Pack     Row 3….

2 Packs    Row 4…

ALCOHOL NOTEMAKER                    The Least You Need to Know:
                                     1. Short term vs. Long term effects…
Alcohol is a depressant. It alters
                                     2. What is a ‘standard drink…’
mood, thinking and behavior. The
intoxicating ingredient in alcoholic 3. What is BAC?
drinks is ethyl alcohol (ETHANOL). 4. What is oxidation?
Pure alcohol has no color or taste. 5. How long to oxidize 1 drink?
Alcoholic drinks get their color and 6. Sobering Myths…
flavor from the ingredients used to
make them.
                                     7. Factors influencing absorption…
                                     8. F.A.S. (Fetal Alcohol Syndrome)
                                     9. Factors contributing to alcoholism.
Did You Know…
 40% of all crimes (violent and non-violent) were committed under
  the influence of alcohol (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1998)
 40% of convicted rape and sexual assault offenders said that they
  were drinking at the time of their crime (Greenfield, 2000).
 According to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 82
  percent of 12-17 year-olds do not drink. (2004 National Survey on
  Drug Use and Health).
 Alcohol consumption by college students is linked to at least 1,400
  student deaths and 500,000 unintentional injuries each year.
  (Statistic from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and
  Addiction, Alcohol Alert, 58:1-4, 2002.)
 In 2002, 17,419 people in the United States died in alcohol-related
  motor vehicle crashes, accounting for 41% of all traffic-related
  deaths (NHTSA, 2003).
Path of Alcohol   1. Mouth: alcohol enters the body.
                  2. Stomach: some alcohol gets in
                     the bloodstream in the stomach,
                     but most goes on to the small
                  3. Small Intestine: alcohol enters
                     the bloodstream through the
                     walls of the small intestine.
                  4. Heart: pumps alcohol throughout
                     the body.
                  5. Brain: alcohol reaches the brain.
                  6. Liver: alcohol is oxidized or
                     REMOVED/FILTERED by the
                     liver at a rate of about 1 drink per
                     hour. Alcohol is converted into
                     water, carbon dioxide and energy.

Brain- first area depressed (slowed down): speech,
thought, restraint, judgment, inhibition
• Then, spinal cord reflexes and respiration which
  can be fatal.
• disturbed sleep patterns, change in REM sleep
• black-outs may occur (periods of time that can’t
be remembered when sober)
   Effects on Body Continued

 Cardiovascular- dilates blood vessels which causes loss of heat
  *initially increases heart rate, then slows it down
 Gastrointestinal- toxic effect on stomach lining
  *irritates ulcers
  *increases acid and pepsin secretions (digestive fluid)
 Sexual Stimulation- too much alcohol abolishes sexual function
 Liver- (blood volume circulates through liver every 4 minutes)
   *cells in liver destroyed
   *scarring, also called Cirrhosis
  *fatty liver
   *can cause death long term
“Drunk Goggles Demonstration”

Movie clip
  Blood Alcohol Concentration
Blood Alcohol
 measured in percentages
*.10 means 10ml of
 alcohol per 100mL of blood
OR 10% of all the blood in
 your body is comprised of
*maximum BAC is reached
 within 20-30 minutes
Absorption and Metabolism
 Absorption and metabolism of alcohol:
 *rapid absorption
 *stomach absorbs ¼
 *rest is absorbed in small intestine
 *liver breaks down alcohol in about 1 drink an hour

 Amounts of alcohol: (2/3 ounce of pure ethanol)
 Same for all below!!
 *shot of hard liquor (86 proof/ 43% alcohol)
 *wine- 5 ounces (12% alcohol)
 *can of beer 12 ounces (4.5% alcohol)
Standard Drinks

    A standard drink contains
approximately 10 grams of alcohol.
       This is equivalent to:

1 bottle, 4 % - 6 %
1 small glass of wine, 10% - 14%
1 shot 30mL , (hard liquor), 37% - 43%
    Effects of Alcohol Chart
Factors Influencing Absorption
• Amount/Size of Drinks
• Food
• Body Size
• Drug Interaction (s)?
• Gender

Gender differences: women
tend to be more affected by
alcohol than men (< of alcohol
metabolizing enzyme)
What are the
Legal Limits?

• You
• > Age 21

1 Drink = ^.02

Bill (who is 55, has a good job, graduated and
  drinks in moderation….) has 4 beers over the
  course of 2 hours what is his BAC……
Factors Contributing
 Toward Alcoholism
        Genetics
        (Family History)
            2-7 X
        Drinking before
          age fifteen
        High Tolerance
      Use a designated driver, or one will
            be appointed for you !
•Estimated Cost = $9,070
• 2 year revocation license

Zero Tolerance
• 3 Month/6 Month

Sobering Myths

Exercise….   Showering…   Drinking Coffee….
Only TIME will sober you up
Who Suffers Through Your Poor

  Friends, Family, People with
             Family Themselves
Friends and the Most Through
Who Suffers
Your Decisions? You!
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Drugs and driving may be a
bigger problem than
generally recognized.

A New England Journal of
Medicine report on drivers
without alcohol in their
                               The images are of various pupil
                                sizes. A 6mm, 7mm, or 8mm
systems who were stopped        pupil size could indicate that a
                                person is under the influence of
by police for reckless          cocaine, crack, meth.,
                                hallucinogens, crystal, ecstasy, or
driving found that 45% had      other stimulant. A 1mm or 2mm

marijuana and 25% had
                                pupil size could indicate a person
                                under the influence of heroin,
                                opiates, or other depressant, (see
cocaine in their systems. 5     more examples below).
What is Marijuana?
  Marijuana is a green, brown, or gray mixture of
 dried, shredded leaves, stems, seeds, and flowers of
 the hemp plant.
  You may hear marijuana called by street names
 such as pot,
More than 200 slang terms
Is Marijuana a Gateway Drug?
 Is Marijuana
  Addicting I?

Is everyone addicted….No
When is someone dependent or addicted to the
 In 2002, 300,000 people entering drug
 treatment programs reported marijuana as their
 primary drug of abuse, showing they need help
 to stop using the drug.
Is Marijuana Addicting II?

  compulsive drug seeking and use,
  even in the face of negative health and social
Facts That Count

 Marijuana use also has the potential to promote cancer of the
  lungs and other parts of the respiratory tract because it contains
  irritants and carcinogens.
    • In fact, marijuana smoke contains 50 to 70 percent more carcinogenic
      hydrocarbons than does tobacco smoke
 THC impairs the immune system’s ability to fight off infectious
  diseases and cancer
 Depression(19), anxiety(20), and personality disturbances(21)
  have been associated with marijuana use
 In 2002, marijuana was the third most commonly abused drug
  mentioned in drug-related hospital emergency department (ED)
  visits in the continental United States
Marijuana's Effects on the Brain

                Cerebellum--Body movement
                Hippocampus--Learning and
                Cerebral cortex, especially
                 cingulate, frontal, and
                 parietal regions--Higher
                 cognitive functions
                Nucleus accumbens —Reward
                Basal ganglia--Movement
Effects on the Heart

One study has indicated that a user’s risk of heart
 attack more than quadruples in the first hour after
 smoking marijuana.
The researchers suggest that such an effect might
 occur from marijuana’s effects on blood pressure and
 heart rate and reduced oxygen-carrying capacity of
                 Effects on the Lungs…..

Someone who smokes marijuana
 regularly may have many of the
 same respiratory problems that
 tobacco smokers have.
  daily cough and phlegm,
  symptoms of chronic bronchitis,
  and more frequent chest colds.
  Continuing to smoke marijuana can lead to abnormal
   functioning of lung tissue injured or destroyed by marijuana
  amount of tar inhaled by marijuana smokers and the level of
   carbon monoxide absorbed are three to five times greater than
   among tobacco smokers.
     inhaling more deeply and holding the smoke in the lungs.

Cigarettes      Both        Marijuana
Marijuana Recent Developments

 Decriminalization in Canada
   Different than Legalization
   No prosecution for small amounts

 Medicinal Marijuana
   Raich v. Ashcroft
   State Vs. Federal Government
   Local Control
Controversial Issue Extra Credit
1.Three Reasons For 2. Three Against 3. Paragraph Reaction

 Should Pregnant Users Be Prosecuted?
Should Steroids Be Legal?
 Should Marijuana be Legal for Medicinal
Should Needle Exchange Programs be
Is Prozac Overprescribed?
Is DARE Effective?
 Are Anti-media Campaigns Effective?
 Should Drugs Be Legalized?

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