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					UNECE Capacity Building Programme and
                Tools


   UNNExT: Networking for Efficiency in Cross
                Border Trade
  United Nations Network of Experts for paperless Trade (UNNext)


        www.unescap.org/unnext




“an ongoing community of knowledge and practice to facilitate the
    implementation of single window and paperless trade in Central Asia
    http://www.unescap.org/unnext/
    and the Asia-Pacific region ”
                                                                   2
SW Implementation Support
National policy makers need a platform that can link
   them with the technical experts to be able to
   make better-informed decisions

SW managers and experts need a platform that can
  provide access to:
    Technical knowledge and expertise
    Capacity building and support

Both: Need for regional and global exchange on SW
   technology, concepts and policies

                                                       3
UNNExt Structure




                   6
UNNExT Activities


                         Tools and Guides
                           Development


   Capacity                                            Knowledge
   Building                                             Sharing




              Regional                      Research
              Advisory                         &
               Service                      Analysis



                                                                   7
UNNExT Activities (cont’)

 Tools &       • Business Process Analysis (BPA) Guide for Simplification
 Guides          of Trade Procedures (published Dec. 2009)
 Development   •Document Harmonization Guide for Single Window (2010)


 Capacity      • National Workshops on Single Window and BPA, Mongolia
 Building        (Sep. - Dec.09)
               • Workshop on BPA for Central Asian Countries (July 2010)

               • UNNExT Brief Series
 Knowledge     • Regional Meeting of central Asian countries in
 Sharing          Kuala Lumpur (Oct 2010)
               • Asia Pacific Trade Facilitation Forum

 Regional      • Mongolia Single Window Master Plan Peer Review (Oct. 2010)
 Advisory      • Nepal: Towards Single Window Environment (2011)
 Service       • Iran Single Window implementation (2011)


 Research      • Regional Study on Improving Trade Procedures
 & Analysis      (Using BPA Guide)
               • Single Window Implementation framework (EU ITAIDE)



                                                                              8
UNNEXT stepwise approach to       Objectives
electronic documents for Single
Window

 Digital Documents                  Define documents
                                    for electronic
                                    interchange

            Data Model

                                   Define information
                                   the SW will process
             Documentation
              simplification        Analyse, simplify and
                                    standardize paper
                                    documents


       Business Process
         Analysis and               Understand
        Simplification              Business
                                    Processes
       Business processes: Import by Sea
                                             Pilot’s Station
     Business Processes

                                                       Marine Department
                            Enter seaport



                            Report cargo                       Port Operator
                              manifest



                            Unload cargo
                                                                 Customs
   Vessel Agent

                             Clear goods
                           through customs
Other Government                                               Importer
    Agencies                                               or Representative
                             Arrange for
                              pick-up


                            Handle cargo
   Haulage/Truck             at terminal
                                                           Terminal Operator

                                                     Actor
                          Complete customs
                            requirements



                                                                               13
                                                   Source: Inova, Thailand
UNNExT Training for Business Process Analysis




 *Case Study: Exportation of Frozen Shrimp   14
… and Simplification




                       15
UNNExT Document Simplification Training
  UNNExT Data Model Training
                         24 Data
 Request form for
                        Elements
Permit for the export
       of rice

                         63 Data
 Request Form for       Elements                                                      Standardized
   Rice Quality                                                                       Data Set of 4
    Certificate
                                          Standardization and                          documents
                         30 Data
                        Elements
                                          Data Harmonization
Permit for the export
       of rice                                                                         (70 Data
                                                                                      Elements)
                         38 Data
    Rice Quality        Elements
     Certificate



   Data Harmonization delivers the data elements
   used in cross border data exchange
                                                                                               17
                          Source: KU-INOVA, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand                   17
UNNExT Data Model Training
 A country uses 200 – 300
  different documents for cross
  border trade
 Data Harmonization to
  develop..
 .. a data model that contains
  all data structures
 Each document is a subset of
  this data model
 WCO Data Model 3.0:
  international standard data
  model
 WCO Data Model is based
  on UN/CEFACT Standards

                                  18
Data Model to organise Cross Border Data Exchange




                                                                             National Documents and DR
                                                     Country B




                                                                                                         TDED



                                                                              UN Trade Data Directory
                                                       Regional Agreement




                                                                                                         WCO DM v3.0
                                                                            Regional
                                                                            Reference Cross Border DM




                                                                                                         TDED
                                                                               UN Trade Data Directory
                                                    Country A
                                                                             National Documents and DR
    UNNExT: Capacity Building for Single Window
              Project Manaegment
                                      Policy Vision
         [APEC, Thailand] 5% Trade transaction cost reduction by 2010
[APEC, Thailand] 25% Better, Faster and Cheaper in Trading Across Border Index* by 2015

       There are a lot of obstacles
              to be solved.
                                    Many Document Requirements
            Complicated Trade Procedures  Laws and Regulations
                            Connectivity within
          Conflict of Interest                     Many Stakeholders
                                the country               Compliance
       Difficulty in trade Many different ICT systems
                                                              Governance
        data exchange
                                 Regional Connectivity
      People and Business
         In-Readiness     Inadequacy in Technology Infrastructure
               System Development Barriers in      Change Management
                                  Interoperability




                                        Reality       * Referring to World Bank’s Index (www.doingbusiness.org)
                            Single Window Development in Thailand
                                                                       Establishment of            Business model study inclusive of analysis and
                                                Agreement to Establish    National Root            simplification of business processes in export and
                                                and Implement ASEAN        Certification           import of strategic products
                                                 Single Window signed         Authority
                                                                                                   Analysis and simplification of business processes
                                       Cabinet’s allocation of 31 million                          for cross-border movement of goods in 4 modes
                                        USD for SWeL implementation             Computer
                                                                                Crime Act          (road, rail, sea, air)
                             Cabinet’s designation of Customs as agency                            Data Harmonization Phase 1:
                              to lead SWeL implementation and MICT to                              transport documents
                                 manage the project and allocated budget                                   Electronic Transaction Act (Amendment)

                          Implementation Plan for Thailand’s                 Royal Decree on                Data Harmonization Phase 2: permits,
                               SWeL approved by the Cabinet                     Regulatory                  licenses, certificates, and their
                                                                                Practices in                application forms from 21 OGAs
                  Logistics development as one of the                         e-Government
                                                                                                                     Data Harmonization Phase 3:
                        national agenda in Thailand’s                        Implementation
                                                                                                                     documents required by OGAs
                             Competitiveness Strategy
                                                                                         TH                          and trade community including
       Electronic Transaction Act                                                        eGIF                        bank and insurance




     1998         1999     2000 2001          2002 2003          2004       2005 2006 2007               2008 2009 2010

                                  Electronic application for Certificate of
 Submission of                        Origin and trade permit from MOC                                                         Cross-border
  declaration                      Electronic application for certificate, permit,                                             information sharing
  manually or                                   and license from DLD and DOF           Development                             and exchange
 electronically                                                                             of NSWx
                                              Paperless customs declaration and                                      Development of Single
    via EDI
                                                  clearance (ebXML/XML/PKI) Development of                           Window Entry Prototype
                                                                                e-Port, e-Toll, e-Gate               Development of trade
                                                             Pilot information sharing and exchange                  facilitation systems
                                                                       between Customs and 6 OGAs                    (ebXML/XML/PKI) in 12
                                                                                                                     OGAs
SWeL: Single Window e-Logistics             MICT: Ministry of Information and Communication Technology
MOC: Ministry of Commerce                   TH eGIF: Thailand’s e-Government Interoperability Framework
OGAs: Other government agencies             NSWx: National Single Window hub for information sharing and exchange
DOF: Department of Fisheries                DLD: Department of Livestock Development                                                            22
EDI: Electronic Data Interchange            PKI: Public Key Infrastructure
      UNNExT: Capacity Building for Single Window
                  Implementation


Supporting Governments to                               Preliminary

Define SW vision and objectives
Obtain support of key                                      A
                                                       Architecture
 stakeholders                              H
                                      Architecture
                                                          Vision            B
                                                                        Business
Develop High Level Project Plan Management
                                        Change
                                                                       Architecture


 Technical competence for           G
                                                                                  C
                                                                             Information
                               Implementation          Requirements
 decision makers:                Governance            Management
                                                                               Systems
                                                                             Architecture

  Business Process Analysis
                                                                            D
  Document Alignment                         F
                                           Migration                   Technology
                                           Planning         E          Architecture
  Data Harmonization and Data Model                   Opportunities
                                                          and
  Regional Integration                                 Solutions


Manage the SW project
Single Window: Networking across Borders

    www.unescap.org/unnext



                 www.unescap.org/unnext




http://www.unescap.org/unnext/

                                          26
Thank you


Markus.Pikart@unece.org




                          27

				
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