Proposal for Fire Extinguisher Training in Industries - PDF by rau18735

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									 Maxis Experience in Working at
Height (Telecommunication related)
              Introduction
• Working at Height (WAH) has been an
  issue due to highest number of accident.
• According to SOCSO 2007 reports in
  ‘Person Falling’ there are 13417 reported
  cases with 228 reported fatalities.
• Current Guidelines is ‘Prevention of Falls at
  Workplaces year 2007’, and other
  legislation as well.
   Maxis Experience in Working at
  Height (Telecommunication related)
Sharing:
1. To share relevant local and other WAH
  legislations/requirements
2. To highlight vendor/contractors/industry
  concerns in WAH execution/implementation
3. Proposal of WAH guideline enhancement
5. To get more feedback from industries
 Maxis Experience in Working at
Height (Telecommunication related)

SCOPE:
• Has potential to fall more than 2
  meters
• Telecommunication structures &
  rooftop
• Trainees & Trainers needs
• New guideline for trainers
LEGISLATION &
 STANDARDS
    Occupational Safety & Health Act
             (OSHA),1994
•   Self regulation
•   Employer responsibilities
•   Employee Responsibilities
•   Designer, Manufacturer & Supplier
    Responsibilities

• Guidelines for the Prevention of
  Falls at Workplaces (GPFW), 2007
Factory and Machinery
   Act(FMA), 1967
 • Where any person is required to
   work at place, from which he will be
   liable to fall a distance of more than
   ten feet, means shall be provided to
   ensure his safety and such means
   shall where practicable include the
   use of fall arrest equipments
  Guideline for the Prevention of
   Falls at Workplaces (GPFW)
• ‘… has application to a wide range of work
  situations where workers are placed in a position
  from which falls are possible..’
• ‘… where an employee is at risk of a fall of 2
  metres or more.’

• www.dosh.gov.my > legislations > guidelines
Guideline for the Prevention of Falls
      at Workplaces (GPFW)
Content of GPFW:
• Hazard Management (Design, build, operation, maintain &
  information)
• General safety
   – Employee, competency & fitness, access & egress,
     lighting, PPE and ERP
• Fixed access & platform
• Temporary Non fixed access and platform
• Scaffolding
• Mechanical plant
• Safety line, harnesses and systems
• Building construction & plant maintenance
• Steel erection & rooftop safety
• Broadcast & Telecommunication Structures
Work at Height – UK : The Work at
          Height Regulations 2005
Work at Height mean:
• Work at any place (including a place at or below
  ground level from which a person could fall)
• Obtaining access to or egress from any place while
  at work, involving a risk of a person falling a
  distance liable to cause personal injury, but does
  not include obtaining access or egress by means of
  a permanent stairway or stair in a permanent work
  place(in building stairway)
      Legislation, Standard &
           Certification
The various legislations and standards on
 which this course is based are Malaysia
 (OSHA 94, FMA67) , UK (HSE), European
 (EN), International Standard (ISO) and not
 limited to some other cross reference to
 American (ANSI) and Australian and New
 Zealand (AS/NZS) Standards.
    Standard references



•   EN 363   •   Fall arrest equipment
•   EN 358   •   Work positioning
•   EN 354   •   Work restraint
•   EN 567   •   Rope clamp/grab/ ascending
•   EN 341   •   Descender
•   EN 361   •   Full body harness
•   EN 362   •   Carabiners
      Main Working at Height
            legislation
• Travel Restriction Systems (Work Restraint) –
  Technique that using PPE to prevent a person
  from entering an area where a risk of fall from
  height exist
• Fall Arrest – Technique that using PPE to stop a
  falling person in acceptable safe conditions
• Work Positioning – Technique that enable a
  person to work supported by PPE in tension, in
  such way as to prevent a fall
Work Restraint
Fall Arrest
Work positioning
Work at Height

   Elements
HIRARC
 – Hazard Identification
 – Risk Assessment
 – Risk Control
What is the Hazards
Type of Structures: Monopole Tree
Type of Structures: SignBoard
Unsafe Practice
        Risk Control Measures
•   Elimination
•   Substitute
•   Isolation
•   Engineering
•   Administration
•   Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
                RISK CONTROL MEASURES
ELIMINATION:
                                    ADMINISTRATIVE             PPE:
IS THERE A NEED TO WORK AT OR ON
THE TOWER ITSELF?                   CONTROL:                   • HEAD PROTECTION,
                                    • SKILL TRAINING,          • FALL PROTECTION,
                                    • SAFE WORK PROCEDURE,     • SKIN PROTECTION,
SUBSTITUTION:
                                    * WORK PERMIT,             • EYE PROTECTION
OTHER MEANS OF GETTING TO THE TOP
AND WORKING OUTSIDE WORK-           * INSTALL FALL SAFETY      • FOOT PROTECTION
PLATFORMS,                          SYSTEMS
• OTHER FORMS OF WORK PLATFORM.     * SAFE ACCESS,
                                    * LIFTING OF LOADS,
                                     EMERGENCY RESPONSE,
ISOLATION:
                                     USE OF PPEs.
• GUARD RAILS ALONG PLATFORMS
                                     AVOID EXPOSURE TO EMF.
                                    • PHYSICAL AND MENTAL
ENGINEERING CONTROL:                FITNESS.
• LADDER AND LADDER RUNG DESIGN
INCORPORATING SAFETY
• WALK-WAYS, STEP BOLTS
• HAND RAILS
• SOLID WORKING PLATFORMS.
Rest Platform & Handrail
Temporary Life Line
Personal Protective Equipments
Temporary Life Line
         Emergency Procedure
• Must be properly planned
• Must work in pairs
• Identify
  –   Evacuation route
  –   Nearest Hospital/Clinic
  –   Contact numbers (Bomba/Police/Hospital/ERT)
  –   Facilities/First aid box/Fire extinguisher
• Adhere to building ER procedure
Rope Access
Industries Concerns
         Industries Concerns
• Guidelines & References,
• Specific requirement for training
  provider/vendor recognition by local
  authorities/enforcer not available,
• Perception of different training contents
  from different vendors.
Moving Forward
 Standard Training Requirements
• Training content/activities
   – Safe maneuver
   – Safe equipment usage
   – Rescue/First Aid requirements
• Training competency levels/categories
   –   Level 1 for beginner
   –   Level 2 for advance
   –   Supervisor
   –   Trainers
Standard Training Requirements
• Training Guideline
  –   Prerequisite
  –   Assessment
  –   Refresher
  –   Competency level
• Registration of Trainer & Training Centre
• Training Procedure & etc
Questions
   &
Answers

								
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