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CHAPTER 29

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					CHAPTER 29
1. As president, Kennedy viewed __________ as his number one domestic concern.
 a. education
 b. health care
 c. the economy
 d. civil rights
 e. the hunt for subversives

2.    After the Cuban Missile Crisis ended, Kennedy and Khrushchev
 a.   never spoke again.
 b.   agreed to remove all troops from Cuba.
 c.   set up a direct telephone line between their two governments.
 d.   agreed to stop underground nuclear testing.
 e.   both c and d

3.    Martin Luther King, Jr., was a prominent leader in
 a.   the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
 b.   the Congress of Racial Equality.
 c.   the Students for a Democratic Society.
 d.   the NAACP.
 e.   both a and b

4.    The accused assassin of John F. Kennedy was
 a.   Sirhan B. Sirhan.
 b.   Jack Ruby.
 c.   Lee Harvey Oswald.
 d.   Fidel Castro.
 e.   John Foster.

5.    By the mid-1970s, a majority of legal immigrants to the United States came from
 a.   Asia and Eastern Europe.
 b.   Eastern Europe and Latin America.
 c.   Mexico and Canada.
 d.   Australia and Asia.
 e.   Latin America and Asia.

6.    The first protests of the Vietnam War came from
 a.   the religious community.
 b.   college campuses.
 c.   Veterans' groups.
 d.   American journalists.
 e.   African Americans.

7.    "Bloody Sunday" referred to
 a.   a bombing in Northern Ireland.
 b.   a church bombing in Atlanta, Georgia.
 c.   law enforcement attacks on marchers in Selma, Alabama.
 d.   the My Lai massacre.
 e.   police actions against protesters in Birmingham, Alabama.

8.    The founder of the Black Muslims was
 a.   Malcolm Muhammad.
 b.   Elijah Muhammad.
 c.   Malcolm X.
 d.   Stokely Carmichael.
 e.   Huey Newton.

9.    The smash hit of the 1968 Broadway season was
a.    I Love You, Alice B. Toklas.
b.    One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest.
c.    Hair.
d.    Easy Rider.
e.    Purple Haze.

10.   Which of the following individuals is incorrectly matched with his position in Kennedy's cabinet?
 a.   Robert McNamara – Secretary of Defense
 b.   Robert Kennedy – Attorney General
 c.   Dean Rusk – Secretary of State
 d.   Sergeant Shriver – Secretary of Labor
 e.   All of these are correctly matched.

11.   Since Kennedy considered the economy a major concern, he
 a.   proposed a major tax cut.
 b.   concentrated on balancing the budget.
 c.   made deals with the Teamsters and steel workers to allow small raises in the prices of their products.
 d.   all of the above
 e.   none of the above

12.   The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave Johnson the authority to
 a.   bomb military targets in Cambodia.
 b.   escalate the Vietnam War.
 c.   sink Vietnamese ships in the Gulf of Tonkin.
 d.   both b and c
 e.   both a and b

13.   From his jail cell in Birmingham, Alabama, Dr. King defended the morality of
 a.   active resistance.
 b.   civil disobedience.
 c.   violent protest.
 d.   all of the above
 e.   all of the above

CHAPTER 30
1. People attended "Mobilization Day" in November 1969 to
 a. call for removal of troops from Vietnam.
 b. pay homage to Veterans.
 c. burn their draft cards.
 d. show support for Nixon in Vietnam.
 e. enlist for fighting in Vietnam.

2.    The Philadelphia Plan dealt with
 a.   urban renewal.
 b.   minority hiring.
 c.   inner city education.
 d.   busing for desegregation.
 e.   all of the above

3.    When Nixon spoke of "the week that changed the world," he was referring to America's relations with
 a.   the Soviet Union.
 b.   Taiwan.
 c.   China.
 d.   Vietnam.
 e.   Cuba.

4.    Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein investigated
 a.   Vietnam atrocities.
 b.   the hippie lifestyle.
 c.   the Watergate burglary.
 d.   business misconduct.
 e.   all of the above
5.    Saigon fell to communism in
 a.   1969.
 b.   1975.
 c.   1979.
 d.   1980.
 e.   1973.

6.    Who promised "I will never lie to you"?
 a.   Ronald Reagan
 b.   Richard Nixon
 c.   Jimmy Carter
 d.   George McGovern
 e.   Walter Mondale

7.    Who said, referring to the Panama Canal, "We built it, we paid for it, it's ours"?
 a.   Richard Nixon
 b.   Jimmy Carter
 c.   George McGovern
 d.   Ronald Reagan
 e.   Theodore Roosevelt

8.    The case of University of California Regents v. Bakke dealt with
 a.   segregation in universities.
 b.   equal employment in state educational institutions.
 c.   reverse discrimination in higher education.
 d.   all of the above
 e.   none of the above

9.    Who orchestrated the Camp David Accords?
 a.   Jimmy Carter
 b.   Richard Nixon
 c.   Dwight Eisenhower.
 d.   Ronald Reagan
 e.   Andrew Young.

10.   Just a month after Neil Armstrong stepped onto the surface of the moon, national attention shifted to
 a.   the tragedy at Kent State University in Ohio.
 b.   the three-day music festival at Woodstock, New York.
 c.   the ugly spectacle of the Altamont, California, music festival that turned violent and deadly.
 d.   the drug and alcohol deaths of Jimmy Hendrix and Janis Joplin.
 e.   the Watts riots in Los Angeles.

11.   In the area of foreign policy, Nixon
 a.   refused to recognize the growing power of Western Europe, Communist China, and Japan.
 b.   wanted the United States to continue to serve as the world's policeman.
 c.   still regarded Castro as an enemy.
 d.   reopened diplomatic relations with China in a dramatic personal visit there in 1972.
 e.   made friends with the newly elected Allende in Chile.

12. The energy crisis shook the foundations of the American dream of ongoing prosperity, causing
    Americans to
 a. convince the government to support development of new sources of energy.
 b. call for attacks on Arab countries in retaliation.
 c. realize they would have to pay more for their energy supplies in the future, and that perhaps
    they would be vulnerable to outside forces from that point on.
 d. increase domestic production of oil by tapping into the country's huge reserves, thereby assuring less
    dependence on foreign sources.
 e. open up formerly closed federal lands for oil drilling.

CHAPTER 31
1. Which of the following banned the use of Medicaid funds to pay for abortions for women on welfare?
a.    Christian Right
b.    Bakker Amendment
c.    Hyde Amendment
d.    Moral Majority
e.    Supreme Court

2.    Who was known as "The Great Communicator"?
 a.   Richard Nixon
 b.   Jimmy Carter
 c.   Jim Bakker
 d.   Ronald Reagan
 e.   George H.W. Bush

3.    As Reagan prepared to run for re-election, his only handicap seemed to be
 a.   the continuing recession.
 b.   his age.
 c.   his mental stability.
 d.   his wife Nancy's penchant for fortune tellers.
 e.   his failing health.

4.    Walter Mondale had little hope of winning the presidency in 1984, even had he not selected
      ______________ as his running mate.
a.    George McGovern
b.    Geraldine Ferraro
c.    Jesse Jackson
d.    Fritz Hollings.
e.    James Stockdale.

5.    As was true of his first term, Reagan in his second term failed to
 a.   obtain passage of the Equal Rights Amendment.
 b.   pass his much-wanted civil rights legislation.
 c.   balance the budget.
 d.   increase defense spending.
 e.   obtain more tax cuts.

6.    Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev of the Soviet Union met at Reykjavik, Iceland, where they
 a.   discussed their mutual plans for Star Wars.
 b.   argued over the number of new missiles each should develop.
 c.   discussed the future of communism throughout Europe.
 d.   called for major reductions in nuclear weapons in both their countries.
 e.   signed an arms limitations agreement.

7. Which of the following was true of the Tower Commission?
 a. Its original purpose was to investigate wrongdoing in the Reagan White House, but it was called upon to
    investigate the U.S. Senate.
 b. The person appointed to chair the commission was Frances D. Tower of Oregon.
 c. The commission chastised the president for his loose style of management.
 d. The investigations contributed to the notoriety of Robert Bork.
 e. none of the above

8.    As 1989 drew to an end, the United States arrested the drug dealing leader of
 a.   Colombia.
 b.   Ecuador.
 c.   Panama.
 d.   Mexico.
 e.   Nicaragua.

9. Immediately after the conclusion of Operation Desert Storm, President Bush's approval rating stood at
   almost
a. 60 percent.
b. 75 percent.
c. 90 percent.
d. 100 percent.
e. 50 percent.

10. U.S. Marines were sent to Lebanon in 1982 as part of a multinational peacekeeping force, with the
    result that
 a. Israel withdrew from Lebanon.
 b. terrorists bombed a marine barracks, killing over 200 Americans.
 c. the marines received reinforcements in numbers large enough to make their mission successful.
 d. all of the above
 e. none of the above

11. Which of the following does not describe the Reagan administration's policy toward the courts?
 a. Reagan was so concerned about changing the makeup of the Supreme Court that he made little
    impact on the rest of the federal judiciary.
 b. Reagan named the first Woman, Sandra Day O'Connor, to the Supreme Court.
 c. Robert Bork, a conservative who had denounced Roe v. Wade, found his nomination to the Supreme
    Court rejected.
 d. The Supreme Court nominating process was shown not to be above politics.
 e. Reagan named Antonin Scalia as the first Italian American Supreme Court justice.

12.   In 1986, Congress made significant reforms in
 a.   the nation's tax laws.
 b.   Social Security.
 c.   defense spending.
 d.   the nation's AIDS policy.
 e.   Medicare.

13.   The event that caused Bush to forfeit the trust Americans placed in him was
 a.   the failure to bomb Baghdad after liberating Kuwait.
 b.   his reversal of his "no new taxes" pledge.
 c.   his dealings with Noriega before the American attack.
 d.   his response to the Chinese attack on its citizens in Tienanmen Square.
 e.   his involvement in the Iran-Contra Affair.

14. Reagan called his plan to boost the economy by lowering income and corporate tax rates so that
    individuals and businesses would have more money to spend,
 a. Keynesian economics.
 b. supply-side economics.
 c. Reaganomics.
 d. trickle-down economics.
 e. voodoo economics.

CHAPTER 32
1. A grassroots movement managed to get the name of Ross Perot on the 1992 presidential ballot in
 a. all southern states.
 b. a majority of the states.
 c. twenty of the most populous states.
 d. all fifty states.
 e. all states except New York and California.

2.    Robert Fiske was replaced as the special prosecutor investigating the Clintons in 1994 after he
 a.   declared that no evidence of wrongdoing by the Clintons existed.
 b.   ruled Vincent Foster's death a suicide.
 c.   wrote a letter in praise of Clinton that was published in the New York Times.
 d.   refused to investigate James and Susan McDougal's real estate dealings.
 e.   suggested that those who were trying to link the president to marital misconduct were conducting a
      witch hunt.

3.    In the aftermath of the 1994 elections, which of the following occurred?
 a.   Robert Dole became Senate minority leader.
 b.   Strom Thurmond became president pro tem of the Senate.
 c.   Newt Gingrich became speaker of the House.
d. all of the above
e. none of the above

4.    The Republicans gave themselves __________ to fulfill their Contract with America.
 a.   one year
 b.   one hundred days
 c.   six months
 d.   two Congressional sessions
 e.   nine months

5.    Which of the following was true concerning the battle over gay rights in America during the 1990s?
 a.   Homosexuals gained the right to marry legally in a majority of states.
 b.   Gay groups campaigned to have attacks on homosexuals labeled "hate crimes."
 c.   Civil rights activists from the 1960s embraced the cause of gay rights.
 d.   Even most liberal Democrats agreed with Republicans that homosexuality was a sin.
 e.   Gay couples obtained "spousal" benefits from a majority of the insurance companies.

6.    What dramatic gesture did Robert Dole make during his run for the White House in 1996?
 a.   He appeared in commercials for the male drug Viagra.
 b.   He conducted an interview with Playboy magazine.
 c.   He resigned his Senate seat.
 d.   He renewed his vows with his beloved wife, Elizabeth.
 e.   He asked Ross Perot to be his running mate.

7.    By 1998, ________ percent of American households had Internet access.
 a.   10
 b.   50
 c.   75
 d.   20
 e.   90

8.    George W. Bush campaigned for president in 2000 as a
 a.   "new-style Republican."
 b.   Vietnam era veteran.
 c.   "compassionate conservative."
 d.   truly different choice from Bill Clinton.
 e.   man of the people.

9.    The September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on the United States was blamed on
 a.   Al-Qaeda.
 b.   Saddam Hussein.
 c.   Libya.
 d.   Somalia.
 e.   Yemen.

10.   Which of the following was a source of voter dissatisfaction in 1992?
 a.   A recession plagued the country, leading many people to fear for their jobs.
 b.   The war in Iraq continued with no end in sight.
 c.   Lawmakers were upset with Bush's efforts at campaign finance reform.
 d.   Americans were upset with Bush for not prosecuting the Gulf conflict more vigorously.
 e.   both c and d

11. Which of the following was true of immigration in the early 1990s?
 a. Most immigrants were from war-torn Eastern Europe.
 b. The state of California passed Proposition 187, which barred illegal immigrants from receiving
    state education and health benefits.
 c. Immigration restrictions limited yearly quotas to about 250,000.
 d. Proponents of immigration charged that the country was too restrictive in its immigration policies.
 e. Most legal immigrants arrived in the United States from Mexico.

12. Clinton had an ambitious foreign policy for his second term. His goals included:
 a. the removal of American troops from Bosnia.
b.    a new peacekeeping force in Somalia.
c.    a peace agreement in the Middle East.
d.    maintenance of the status quo for NATO.
e.    a trade agreement with Russia.

13.   By the summer of 1997, economic forecasters were projecting for 1998 a
 a.   federal deficit of $150 billion.
 b.   budget surplus.
 c.   short-term recession.
 d.   short-term period of inflation.
 e.   none of the above