Risk Management in Construction Sites by yfk12404

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									                                                                                                       1240dd64-f075-4cd9-ada6-2575bcbf8f37.xls


Generic risk assessment for draft standard rules set number SR2010No7
Standard Facility:                                                                    Waste Operation: Use of waste in construction (up to 50,000 tonnes of waste)

Location:                                                                             Applies to all potential locations.

Location of environmentally sensitive sites (km / m):                                 Greater than 500m (see below)

Risk assessment carried out by:                                                       Environment Agency

Date:                                                                                 19th Feb 09


                    The scope of the permit and associated rules is defined by the following risk criteria:
                    Parameter 1          Permitted activities - storage and use of waste in construction R13, R3, and R5).
                    Parameter 2          Permitted waste types - Non Hazardous as listed in rules other than waste consisting solely or mainly of dusts, powders or loose fibres or waste in liquid form
                    Parameter 3          Quantity of waste:<50,000 tonnes
                    Parameter 4          The only point source discharges to controlled waters or groundwater, are surface water from the roofs of buildings
                    Parameter 5          The activities shall not be carried out within 500m of a European Site (candidate or Special Area of Conservation, proposed or Special Protection Area or Ramsar site) or a
                                         Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI).
                    Parameter 6          The activities must also be outside groundwater source protection zones 1 (inner) or 2 (outer) and be 50 metres from any spring or well, or of any borehole not used to
                                         supply water for domestic or food production purposes or 250m from any spring or well or any borehole used to supply water for domestic or food production purposes.
                    Abbreviations:       SR - Standard Rule


                          Data and information                                                                     Judgement                                                        Action (by permitting)
    Receptor              Source                Harm                 Pathway           Probability of Consequence Magnitude of           Justification for magnitude         Risk management               Residual risk
                                                                                         exposure                         risk
What is at risk?    What is the agent    What are the          How might the          How likely is   How severe   What is the          On what did I base my              How can I best               What is the
What do I wish to   or process with      harmful               receptor come          this contact? will the       overall              judgement?                         manage the risk to           magnitude of the
protect?            potential to cause   consequences if       into contact with                      consequence magnitude of                                             reduce the                   risk after
                    harm?                things go wrong?      the source?                            s be if this the risk?                                               magnitude?                   management?
                                                                                                      occurs?                                                                                           (This residual risk
                                                                                                                                                                                                        will be controlled
                                                                                                                                                                                                        by Compliance
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Assessment).
Local human         Releases of          Harm to human           Air transport then   Medium            Medium              Medium      Permitted waste types are          SR - Emissions of            Low
population          particulate matter   health - respiratory inhalation.                                                               predominantly inert and have       substances not controlled
                    (dusts) and micro-   irritation and illness.                                                                        a low potential to produce         by emission limits
                                                                                                                                                                           (excluding odour and
                    organisms                                                                                                           bioaerosols, but the activities
                                                                                                                                                                           noise) shall not cause
                    (bioaerosols).                                                                                                      will produce some particulate
                                                                                                                                                                           pollution. The operator
                                                                                                                                        matter so a medium                 shall not be taken to have
                                                                                                                                        magnitude risk is estimated.       breached this rule if
                                                                                                                                        There is potential for             appropriate measures,
                                                                                                                                        increased dust generation          including, but not limited
                                                                                                                                        from permitted activities during   to, those specified in any
                                                                                                                                        prolonged dry periods e.g.         approved emissions
                                                                                                                                        summer months.                     management plan, have
                                                                                                                                                                           been taken to prevent or
                                                                                                                                                                           where that is not
                                                                                                                                                                           practicable, to minimise,
                                                                                                                                                                           those emissions. SR (if
                                                                                                                                                                           required) - emissions
                                                                                                                                                                           management plan.




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                             Data and information                                                        Judgement                                                       Action (by permitting)
     Receptor                Source             Harm              Pathway          Probability of Consequence Magnitude of     Justification for magnitude        Risk management            Residual risk
                                                                                     exposure                         risk
What is at risk?    What is the agent    What are the        How might the        How likely is   How severe   What is the    On what did I base my             How can I best            What is the
What do I wish to   or process with      harmful             receptor come        this contact? will the       overall        judgement?                        manage the risk to        magnitude of the
protect?            potential to cause   consequences if     into contact with                    consequence magnitude of                                      reduce the                risk after
                    harm?                things go wrong?    the source?                          s be if this the risk?                                        magnitude?                management?
                                                                                                  occurs?                                                                                 (This residual risk
                                                                                                                                                                                          will be controlled
                                                                                                                                                                                          by Compliance
                                                                                                                                                                                          Assessment).
Local human         As above             Nuisance - dust on Air transport then    Medium        Low          Medium           As above. Local residents         As above                  Low
population                               cars, clothing etc. deposition                                                       often sensitive to dust.


Local human         Litter               Nuisance, loss of   Air transport then   Low           Low          Low              Local residents often sensitive   SR requires an             Very low
population,                              amenity and harm    deposition                                                       to litter, however permitted      emissions management
livestock and                            to animal health                                                                     waste types have low litter       plan when appropriate -
wildlife.                                                                                                                     potential.                        appropriate measures
                                                                                                                                                                may include litter picking
                                                                                                                                                                affected areas/ rejection
                                                                                                                                                                of waste loads.


Local human         Waste, litter and  Nuisance, loss of     Vehicles entering    Medium        Medium       Medium           Road safety, local residents      As above. Appropriate Low
population          mud on local roads amenity, road traffic and leaving site.                                                often sensitive to mud on         measures could include
                                       accidents.                                                                             roads.                            clearing waste, litter and
                                                                                                                                                                mud arising from the
                                                                                                                                                                activities from affected
                                                                                                                                                                areas outside the site.



Local human         Odour                Nuisance, loss of   Air transport then   Low           Low          Low              Local residents often sensitive   SR - emissions shall be Very low
population                               amenity             inhalation.                                                      to odour, however permitted       free from odour…. SR
                                                                                                                              waste types have low odour        (if required) - odour
                                                                                                                              potential.                        management plan.


Local human         Noise and vibration Nuisance, loss of    Noise through the Medium           Medium       Medium           Local residents often sensitive SR - emissions shall be Low
population                              amenity, loss of     air and vibration                                                to noise and vibration          free from noise and
                                        sleep.               through the ground.                                                                              vibration...... SR (if
                                                                                                                                                              required) - noise and
                                                                                                                                                              vibration management
                                                                                                                                                              plan.




                                                                                                              Page 2
                                                                                              1240dd64-f075-4cd9-ada6-2575bcbf8f37.xls



                            Data and information                                                         Judgement                                                       Action (by permitting)
     Receptor               Source               Harm              Pathway         Probability of Consequence Magnitude of     Justification for magnitude         Risk management         Residual risk
                                                                                     exposure                         risk
What is at risk?     What is the agent    What are the        How might the       How likely is   How severe   What is the    On what did I base my              How can I best         What is the
What do I wish to    or process with      harmful             receptor come       this contact? will the       overall        judgement?                         manage the risk to     magnitude of the
protect?             potential to cause   consequences if     into contact with                   consequence magnitude of                                       reduce the             risk after
                     harm?                things go wrong?    the source?                         s be if this the risk?                                         magnitude?             management?
                                                                                                  occurs?                                                                               (This residual risk
                                                                                                                                                                                        will be controlled
                                                                                                                                                                                        by Compliance
                                                                                                                                                                                        Assessment).
Local human          Scavenging animals Harm to human        Air transport and    Low           Medium       Low              Permitted wastes unlikely to   SR - Emissions of          Very low
population           and scavenging     health - from waste over land                                                         attract scavenging animals     substances not
                     birds              carried off site and                                                                  and birds but may become       controlled by emission
                                        faeces. Nuisance                                                                      nesting / breeding sites.      limits (excluding odour
                                        and loss of                                                                                                          and noise) shall not
                                        amenity.                                                                                                             cause pollution. The
                                                                                                                                                             operator shall not be
                                                                                                                                                             taken to have breached
                                                                                                                                                             this rule if appropriate
                                                                                                                                                             measures, including, but
                                                                                                                                                             not limited to, those
                                                                                                                                                             specified in any
                                                                                                                                                             approved emissions
                                                                                                                                                             management plan, have
                                                                                                                                                             been taken to prevent or
                                                                                                                                                             where that is not
                                                                                                                                                             practicable, to minimise,
                                                                                                                                                             those emissions. SR (if
                                                                                                                                                             required) - emissions
Local human          Pests (e.g. flies)   Harm to human       Air transport and   Low           Medium       Low              Permitted waste types unlikely management plan.
                                                                                                                                                             As above                  Very low
population                                health, nuisance,   over land                                                       to attract pests.
                                          loss of amenity
Local human          Flooding of site     If waste is washed Flood waters         Low           Low          Low              Permitted waste types are          SR -requires a with a   Very low
population and local                      off site it may                                                                     predominately inert so any         written management
environment                               contaminate                                                                         waste washed off site will add     system that identifies
                                          buildings / gardens                                                                 to the volume of the local post-   and minimises risks of
                                          / natural habitats                                                                  flood clean up workload,           pollution, including
                                          downstream.                                                                         rather than the hazard.            those arising from
                                                                                                                                                                 operations,
                                                                                                                                                                 maintenance, accidents,
                                                                                                                                                                 incidents, non-
                                                                                                                                                                 conformances (will
                                                                                                                                                                 include flood risk
                                                                                                                                                                 management).




                                                                                                              Page 3
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                            Data and information                                                                Judgement                                                        Action (by permitting)
     Receptor              Source                  Harm                   Pathway           Probability of Consequence Magnitude of     Justification for magnitude      Risk management                Residual risk
                                                                                              exposure                         risk
What is at risk?     What is the agent     What are the              How might the         How likely is   How severe   What is the    On what did I base my           How can I best                What is the
What do I wish to    or process with       harmful                   receptor come         this contact? will the       overall        judgement?                      manage the risk to            magnitude of the
protect?             potential to cause    consequences if           into contact with                     consequence magnitude of                                    reduce the                    risk after
                     harm?                 things go wrong?          the source?                           s be if this the risk?                                      magnitude?                    management?
                                                                                                           occurs?                                                                                   (This residual risk
                                                                                                                                                                                                     will be controlled
                                                                                                                                                                                                     by Compliance
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Assessment).
Local human         All on-site hazards: Bodily injury               Direct physical       Medium        Low          Low              Permitted waste types are       SR - activities shall be      Low
population and / or wastes; machinery                                contact                                                           predominantly inert therefore   managed and operated
livestock after     and vehicles.                                                                                                      only a low magnitude risk is    in accordance with a
gaining                                                                                                                                estimated                       management system
unauthorised                                                                                                                                                           (will include site security
access to the waste                                                                                                                                                    measures to prevent
operation                                                                                                                                                              unauthorised access).


Local human          Arson and / or        Respiratory               Air transport of      Medium        Low          Low              Permitted waste types are       As above. SR -requires Low
population and local vandalism causing     irritation, illness and   smoke. Spillages                                                  predominantly inert so only a   a with a written
environment.         the release of        nuisance to local         and contaminated                                                  low magnitude risk is           management system
                     polluting materials   population. Injury        firewater by direct                                               estimated.                      that identifies and
                     to air (smoke or      to staff, fire fighters   run-off from site                                                                                 minimises risks of
                     fumes), water or      or                        and via surface                                                                                   pollution, including
                     land.                 arsonists/vandals.        water drains and                                                                                  those arising from
                                           Pollution of water or     ditches.                                                                                          operations,
                                           land.                                                                                                                       maintenance, accidents,
                                                                                                                                                                       incidents, non-
                                                                                                                                                                       conformances (will
                                                                                                                                                                       include fire and
                                                                                                                                                                       spillages).
Local human          Accidental fire     Respiratory             As above.                 Low           Low          Low              As above.                       As above (excluding       Low
population and local causing the release irritation, illness and                                                                                                       comments on access to
environment          of polluting        nuisance to local                                                                                                             waste). Permitted
                     materials to air    population. Injury                                                                                                            activities do not include
                     (smoke or fumes), to staff or fire                                                                                                                the burning of waste.
                     water or land.      fighters. Pollution of
                                         water or land.




                                                                                                                       Page 4
                                                                                                   1240dd64-f075-4cd9-ada6-2575bcbf8f37.xls



                           Data and information                                                             Judgement                                                        Action (by permitting)
     Receptor              Source                Harm                Pathway            Probability of Consequence Magnitude of     Justification for magnitude       Risk management              Residual risk
                                                                                          exposure                         risk
What is at risk?    What is the agent     What are the          How might the          How likely is   How severe   What is the    On what did I base my            How can I best              What is the
What do I wish to   or process with       harmful               receptor come          this contact? will the       overall        judgement?                       manage the risk to          magnitude of the
protect?            potential to cause    consequences if       into contact with                      consequence magnitude of                                     reduce the                  risk after
                    harm?                 things go wrong?      the source?                            s be if this the risk?                                       magnitude?                  management?
                                                                                                       occurs?                                                                                  (This residual risk
                                                                                                                                                                                                will be controlled
                                                                                                                                                                                                by Compliance
                                                                                                                                                                                                Assessment).
All surface waters Spillage of liquids,   Acute effects:        Direct run-off from Low              Low          Low              No point source emissions to     SR - All liquids shall be   Very low
close to and        leachate from         oxygen depletion,     site across ground                                                 water are permitted, but there   provided with secondary
downstream of site. waste,                fish kill and algal   surface, via surface                                               is potential for contaminated    containment.... (applies
                    contaminated          blooms                water drains,                                                      rainwater run-off from wastes    to non- wastes such as
                    rainwater run-off                           ditches etc.                                                       stored outside buildings         fuels). Run-off is
                    from waste e.g.                                                                                                especially during heavy rain.    controlled restricted by
                    containing                                                                                                                                      SR through the use of a
                    suspended solids.                                                                                                                               SR controls on
                                                                                                                                                                    emissions
                                                                                                                                                                    SR....appropriate
                                                                                                                                                                    measures, including, but
                                                                                                                                                                    not limited to, those
                                                                                                                                                                    specified in any
                                                                                                                                                                    approved emissions
                                                                                                                                                                    management plan, have
                                                                                                                                                                    been taken to prevent or
                                                                                                                                                                    where that is not
                                                                                                                                                                    practicable, to minimise,
                                                                                                                                                                    those emissions.



All surface waters As above               Chronic effects:      As above. Indirect     Low           Low          Low              Waste types are                As above                      Very low
close to and                              deterioration of      run-off via the soil                                               predominantly inert so harm is
downstream of site.                       water quality         layer                                                              likely to be temporary and
                                                                                                                                   reversible.

Abstraction from    As above              Acute effects,       Direct run-off from Low               Low          Low              Watercourse must have            As above. activities     Very low
watercourse                               closure of           site across ground                                                  medium / high flow for           must be 50 metres
downstream of                             abstraction intakes. surface, via surface                                                abstraction to be permitted,     from any spring or well,
facility (for                                                  water drains,                                                       which will dilute contaminated   or from any borehole not
agricultural or                                                ditches etc. then                                                   run-off.                         used to supply water for
potable use).                                                  abstraction.                                                                                         domestic or food
                                                                                                                                                                    production purposes or
                                                                                                                                                                    50 metres from any
                                                                                                                                                                    spring or well, or 250m
                                                                                                                                                                    from any borehole not
                                                                                                                                                                    used to supply water for
                                                                                                                                                                    domestic or food
                                                                                                                                                                    production purposes.




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                          Data and information                                                             Judgement                                                    Action (by permitting)
    Receptor              Source                Harm                Pathway          Probability of Consequence Magnitude of     Justification for magnitude     Risk management           Residual risk
                                                                                       exposure                         risk
What is at risk?    What is the agent    What are the          How might the        How likely is   How severe   What is the    On what did I base my          How can I best            What is the
What do I wish to   or process with      harmful               receptor come        this contact? will the       overall        judgement?                     manage the risk to        magnitude of the
protect?            potential to cause   consequences if       into contact with                    consequence magnitude of                                   reduce the                risk after
                    harm?                things go wrong?      the source?                          s be if this the risk?                                     magnitude?                management?
                                                                                                    occurs?                                                                              (This residual risk
                                                                                                                                                                                         will be controlled
                                                                                                                                                                                         by Compliance
                                                                                                                                                                                         Assessment).
Groundwater         As above             Chronic effects:      Transport through    Low           Low          Low              Permitted wastes unlikely to   As above . The activities Very low
                                         contamination of      soil/groundwater                                                 contaminate groundwater.       must also be outside
                                         groundwater,          then extraction at                                                                              groundwater source
                                         requiring treatment   borehole.                                                                                       protection zones 1
                                         of water or closure                                                                                                   (inner) or 2 outer.
                                         of borehole.                                                                                                          Excavated wastes from
                                                                                                                                                               potentially contaminated
                                                                                                                                                               sites require analysis.
                                                                                                                                                               Total quantity limited to
                                                                                                                                                               50,000T.

Local human         Contaminated         Harm to human         Direct contact or    Low           Medium       Low              Unlikely to occur, but might   Emissions of              Very low
population          waters used for      health - skin         ingestion                                                        restrict recreational use.     substances not
                    recreational         damage or gastro-                                                                                                     controlled by emission
                    purposes             intestinal illness.                                                                                                   limits (excluding odour
                                                                                                                                                               and noise) shall not
                                                                                                                                                               cause pollution. The
                                                                                                                                                               operator shall not be
                                                                                                                                                               taken to have breached
                                                                                                                                                               this rule if appropriate
                                                                                                                                                               measures, including, but
                                                                                                                                                               not limited to, those
                                                                                                                                                               specified in any
                                                                                                                                                               approved emissions
                                                                                                                                                               management plan, have
                                                                                                                                                               been taken to prevent or
                                                                                                                                                               where that is not
                                                                                                                                                               practicable, to minimise,
                                                                                                                                                               those emissions.




                                                                                                                Page 6
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                          Data and information                                                             Judgement                                                    Action (by permitting)
    Receptor              Source               Harm               Pathway         Probability of Consequence Magnitude of        Justification for magnitude     Risk management              Residual risk
                                                                                    exposure                         risk
What is at risk?    What is the agent    What are the       How might the        How likely is   How severe   What is the       On what did I base my          How can I best              What is the
What do I wish to   or process with      harmful            receptor come        this contact? will the       overall           judgement?                     manage the risk to          magnitude of the
protect?            potential to cause   consequences if    into contact with                    consequence magnitude of                                      reduce the                  risk after
                    harm?                things go wrong?   the source?                          s be if this the risk?                                        magnitude?                  management?
                                                                                                 occurs?                                                                                   (This residual risk
                                                                                                                                                                                           will be controlled
                                                                                                                                                                                           by Compliance
                                                                                                                                                                                           Assessment).
Protected sites -  Any                   Harm to protected Any                   Medium          Medium          Medium         Waste operations may cause     SR - Emissions of           Low
European sites and                       site through toxic                                                                     harm to and deterioration of   substances not
SSSIs                                    contamination,                                                                         nature conservation sites.     controlled by emission
                                         nutrient enrichment,                                                                                                  limits (excluding odour
                                         smothering,                                                                                                           and noise) shall not
                                         disturbance,                                                                                                          cause pollution. The
                                         predation etc.                                                                                                        operator shall not be
                                                                                                                                                               taken to have breached
                                                                                                                                                               this rule if appropriate
                                                                                                                                                               measures, including, but
                                                                                                                                                               not limited to, those
                                                                                                                                                               specified in any
                                                                                                                                                               approved emissions
                                                                                                                                                               management plan, have
                                                                                                                                                               been taken to prevent or
                                                                                                                                                               where that is not
                                                                                                                                                               practicable, to minimise,
                                                                                                                                                               those emissions. At 500
                                                                                                                                                               metres or above, the
                                                                                                                                                               potential hazards from
                                                                                                                                                               the permitted activities
                                                                                                                                                               pose a low risk to the
                                                                                                                                                               broad sensitivity of
                                                                                                                                                               species and habitats
                                                                                                                                                               groups. The standard
                                                                                                                                                               permit only applies at
                                                                                                                                                               this distance or more. It
                                                                                                                                                               is also a requirement of
                                                                                                                                                               SR.




           Notes: Red triangle indicates comment containing supporting information
                    Yellow columns contain drop down menus that allow automatic evaluation of risk in green column




                                                                                                                     Page 7

								
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