Binding Compressing the breasts to give the chest a flatter appearance. Many FTMs use binding
undergarments to make their chests look more masculine.
Bottom Surgery (e.g. hysterectomy, oopherectomy, metoidioplasty, phalloplasty) Surgery sought
by a trans person to alter the appearance and/or function of the genitals/reproductive organs to better
match their gender identity.
Female-to-Male (FTM, F2M, F-M, trans man) A female bodied trans person who identifies as
male/masculine. FTMs may seek a variety of procedures to become more masculine, including dressing
in male clothing, binding, packing, hormone therapy, gender reassignment surgery, speech therapy.
FTM See Female-to-Male
Gender Expression The way in which one's gender identity is communicated to others, through hair,
clothing, speech, mannerisms, etc.
Gender Identity A person's inner mental sense of their gender, regardless of physical sex
characteristics. There are countless gender identity possibilities, including male, female, masculine,
feminine, transgender, transsexual, genderqueer, androgyne, two-spirit, third gender.
Gender Identity Disorder A psychological condition in which a person's gender identity does not match
their assigned sex/gender. A GID diagnosis can be an important step in helping a trans person to begin
transition and access medical and other resources. However, the condition (and its inclusion in the DSM-
IV) is controversial because many trans people do not view their identity as a “disorder” in need of a cure.
Genderqueer A gender identity which rejects binary categories of sex/gender (e.g. male/female). A
genderqueer person may be of any sex or body type and exhibit characteristics that are masculine,
feminine, both, or none.
Gender Reassignment Surgery Any of a number of surgeries sought by trans people to alter their
bodies to better match their gender identities. Surgeries used by trans men include mastectomy,
hysterectomy, oopherectomy, metoidoplasty, phalloplasty.
Harry Benjamin Standards of Care (WPATH)
Health Law Standards of Care
Hormone Therapy (hormones, hormone replacement therapy, HRT) The use of prescribed hormones
by a trans person for the purpose of altering the function and appearance of the body to better match
one's gender identity.
Male-to-Female (MTF, M2F, M-F) A male bodied trans person who identifies as female/feminine. MTFs
may seek a variety of procedures to become more feminine, including dressing in female clothing,
hormone therapy, gender reassignment surgery, speech therapy, facial feminization surgery, laser hair
MTF See Male-to-Female
Packing The use of a penis prosthesis under clothing. FTMs often pack in order to give the appearance
of male genitals. Soft packers are generally used for day-to-day dressing/activities, while hard packers
are used for sexual purposes.
Preferred Gender Pronoun (PGP) The set of pronouns a person uses to best match their gender
identity, regardless of physical appearance or sex. Asking for and respecting a trans person's PGP is
essential to making them feel accepted. PGPs include he/him/his, she/her/hers, ze/hir/hers.
Sexual Orientation An identity category defined by which gender(s) a person is sexually attracted to.
This can include gay/homosexual, straight/heterosexual, bisexual, asexual, pansexual, queer. It is
important to note that sexual orientation is different and distinct from (although sometimes related to)
gender identity. For instance, if a person identifies as a trans man/FTM, his sexual orientation may be
gay, straight, or bisexual, etc.
Standards of Care (SOC) A set of guidelines used to diagnose transgender people with gender identity
disorder and allow them access to treatments (e.g., psychotherapy, hormones, surgery). Two primary
SOCs are Harry Benjamin/WPATH and Health Law.
Stand to Pee (STP) A device that allows a female-bodied person to urinate while standing. Some
transmen make or buy these devices in order to feel more comfortable with their bodies and be able to
use male-assigned restrooms inconspicuously.
Top Surgery (e.g. mastectomy, double incision, keyhole, periauricular) Surgery sought by a trans
person to alter the chest/breasts to better match their gender identity.
Transgender A gender identity in which a person's internal gender does not match the gender assigned
to them at birth. Transgender people may identify as male-to-female, female-to-male, transsexual,
genderqueer, two-spirit, third-gender.
Usage Note: “Transgender” is properly used as an adjective; in other words, it is appropriate to
say someone is a “transgender man” but not that a person is “a transgender.” In addition, some
trans people find the term “transgendered” to be problematic.
Trans Man (or transman) See Female-to-Male