FLOUR FORTIFICATION IN KAZAKHSTAN A Brief for Leaders Draft Orientation for International Community Capital: Astana (moved from Almaty in 1998) Demography: Population 16,741,519 (July 2002 est.) Population growth rate = 0.1% (2002 est.)  Geography: Central Asia, northwest of China  Languages: Kazakh, Russian  Government: Republic. President Nursultan A. NAZARBAYEV (chairman of the Supreme Soviet from 22 February 1990, elected president 1 December 1991) head of government: Prime Minister Imangali Tasmagambrtov (since 28 January 2002) cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president  Number of administrative devisions: 14 provinces (oblystar, singular - oblys) and 3 cities* (qala, singular - qalasy);  GDP: GDP – US $98.1 billion (2001 est.), GDP growth rate =12.2% (2001 est), GDP per capita - US $5,900 (2001 est.)  Agriculture – products: grain (mostly spring wheat), cotton; wool, livestock  The Product Wheat Export/Import: Kazakhstan domestically produces 12.707 million tons of wheat. 45.000 tons are imported and 3.254 million tons are exported. Totally Kazakhstan utilizes 5.295 million tons of wheat per year (est.2001)  Export of wheat flour in 2000 was 350.000 millions tons.  Kazakhstan is a member of International Grains Council.  Type of Wheat Flour production: The total flour production of all Kazakh mills is about 3.6 millions tons per year.  Flour Consumption: Kazakhs consume 2.025 million tons of wheat flour per year. The daily per capita consumption is quite high. It is almost twice as high as in USA and Canada (345) g.  Type of Flour: Milling Infrastructure: There are 980 operating mills in the country with total milling capacity 3.6 millions tons of wheat flour per year.  Milling Organizations: In 2000 in Kazakhstan was created a League of Kazakhstan Grain Processors and Bakers: the Association of “Flour Producers of Kazakhstan”. This league unites not only mills (the summary amount of flour of which is more then a million tons per year), but also bakeries.  The Process Cooperating organizations The following is a list of key organizations that have made commitments to support flour fortification in Kazakhstan. Name of Organization Main Achivements Ministry of Health of Kazakhstan Ministry of Agriculture Ministry of Economics Kazakh Academy of Nutrition The Association of “Flour Producers of Kazakhstan” Confederation of Non- Governmental Organizations of Kazakhstan ADB Implemented International project «Improving Nutrition of Mothers and Children in Asian Countries in Transition»  UNICEF RESPONDING to GAIN I. Governmental Organizations II. NGOs III. Cereal Industry 1. TOO “Altyn-Dirmen” 2. TOO “Nan – Onimderi” 3. ZAO “Novo-Alzhan Milling Combinat” 4. TOO “Kazagroservis” 5. TOO “Concern Cesna – Astyk” 6. OAO “Zhelaev Combinat of Bread Products” 7. Kostanay’s OAO “Milling Combinat” 8. TOO “Agrocent Astana” 9. TOO “Ramazan” 10. OAO “Karagandy – Nan” 11. TOO “Zolotoj Kolos” 12. TOO “Koluton – 95” 13. OAO “Mamljut’s Milling Combinat” 14. OAO “Kyzyltusk’s Milling Combinat” Other Efforts with the support of International and Civic Organizations Summary of Key Activities related to Flour Fortification National Planning: Some Landmark Occasions in Support of Flour Fortification: Legislation: Communication/Education: Event Audience Brochure “It is necessary to know about Iron Deficiency Anemia” Policymakers, producers, and mass media Booklet “Enriched wheat flour – the prevention of anemia” Policymakers, producers, Mass media Leaflet for policymakers “ Prevention of anemia” Policymakers Leaflet for producers “ Fortification of the flour by Iron” Producers, trade distributors Leaflet for Mass-media Mass media Leaflet for population “ Iron enriched wheat flour as mean of prevention Women of Iron deficiency anemia” Booklet for pregnant women “Prevention of anemia. Booklet for Pregnant women mother.” Comic book for schoolchildren Schoolchildren Poster All groups of population Methodological schoolbook for teachers “ Prevention of anemia in School teachers Kazakhstan with help of food products” Methodological textbook for medical staff of Public Health Workers of system of Public “Fortification of wheat flour by Iron and vitamin-mineral complex and it Health, doctors, medical significance in prevention of iron deficiency anemia” students Monitoring/ Evaluation: A Work Group of local experts of the International project «Improving Nutrition of Mothers and Children in Asian Countries in Transition» analyzed the normative base for food products fortification in Kazakhstan, issues of certification, food products inner and outer quality control, issues of export/import food products quality control, methods of fortified wheat flour and iodized salt quality control.  Training and Technical support: The Progress Parameters to track progress could include: Iron deficiency: according to the medico-demographic survey in 1999 the anemia prevalence among women of reproductive age and children under 3 years old is 36% in comparison to 69% in 1995. It is established that the iron deficiency prevalence among the same groups of population is higher then 40%.  At the end of the last decade of the twenties century the Republican Scientific and Research Institute for Mother and Child Care showed that at the Pre - Aral region of Kazakhstan anemia prevalence among women of reproductive age accomplishes 95-98% . Folic Acid deficiency: Product information: 14 mills fortifying Volume of flour fortified Volume of bread fortified References 1. CIA World Factbook http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/up.html 2. FAOSTAT Agriculture, http://apps.fao.org/lim500/wrap.pl?FoodBalanceSheet&Domain=FoodBalanceSh eet&Language=english 3. World Grain Milling and Backing News. Grain and Milling Annual. Country Data. Country Focus: Kazakhstan . http://www.world- grain.com/country_stories.asp?ArticleID=64041 4. International Grains Council. http://www.igc.org.uk/ 5. JFPR Regional Project on Food Fortification “Improving Nutrition for Poor Mothers and Children in Kazakhstan”. http://www.cark-nutrition.kz/ 6.