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FLOUR FORTIFICATION IN KAZAKHSTAN

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					FLOUR FORTIFICATION
        IN
    KAZAKHSTAN
           A Brief for Leaders




        Draft
Orientation for International Community




Capital: Astana (moved from Almaty in 1998)
Demography: Population 16,741,519 (July 2002 est.)
              Population growth rate = 0.1% (2002 est.) [1]
Geography: Central Asia, northwest of China [1]
Languages: Kazakh, Russian [1]
Government: Republic. President Nursultan A. NAZARBAYEV (chairman of the
Supreme Soviet from 22 February 1990, elected president 1 December 1991)
head of government: Prime Minister Imangali Tasmagambrtov (since 28 January 2002)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president [1]
Number of administrative devisions: 14 provinces (oblystar, singular - oblys) and 3
cities* (qala, singular - qalasy); [1]
GDP: GDP – US $98.1 billion (2001 est.),
     GDP growth rate =12.2% (2001 est),
     GDP per capita - US $5,900 (2001 est.) [1]
Agriculture – products: grain (mostly spring wheat), cotton; wool, livestock [1]
The Product

      Wheat Export/Import: Kazakhstan domestically produces 12.707 million tons of
      wheat. 45.000 tons are imported and 3.254 million tons are exported. Totally
      Kazakhstan utilizes 5.295 million tons of wheat per year (est.2001) [2] Export of
      wheat flour in 2000 was 350.000 millions tons. [3] Kazakhstan is a member of
      International Grains Council. [4]

      Type of Wheat

      Flour production: The total flour production of all Kazakh mills is about 3.6
      millions tons per year. [3]

      Flour Consumption: Kazakhs consume 2.025 million tons of wheat flour per
      year. The daily per capita consumption is quite high. It is almost twice as high as
      in USA and Canada (345) g. [2]

      Type of Flour:

      Milling Infrastructure: There are 980 operating mills in the country with total
      milling capacity 3.6 millions tons of wheat flour per year. [3]

      Milling Organizations: In 2000 in Kazakhstan was created a League of
      Kazakhstan Grain Processors and Bakers: the Association of “Flour Producers of
      Kazakhstan”. This league unites not only mills (the summary amount of flour of
      which is more then a million tons per year), but also bakeries. [5]



The Process

Cooperating organizations
       The following is a list of key organizations that have made commitments to
support flour fortification in Kazakhstan.

   Name of Organization                             Main Achivements
Ministry of Health of Kazakhstan
Ministry of Agriculture
Ministry of Economics
Kazakh Academy of Nutrition
The Association of “Flour
Producers of Kazakhstan”
Confederation       of      Non-
Governmental Organizations of
Kazakhstan
ADB                                          Implemented International project «Improving
                                             Nutrition of Mothers and Children in Asian
                                             Countries in Transition» [5]
UNICEF




RESPONDING to GAIN
    I. Governmental Organizations
    II. NGOs
    III. Cereal Industry
              1.    TOO “Altyn-Dirmen”
              2.    TOO “Nan – Onimderi”
              3.    ZAO “Novo-Alzhan Milling Combinat”
              4.    TOO “Kazagroservis”
              5.    TOO “Concern Cesna – Astyk”
              6.    OAO “Zhelaev Combinat of Bread Products”
              7.    Kostanay’s OAO “Milling Combinat”
              8.    TOO “Agrocent Astana”
              9.    TOO “Ramazan”
              10.   OAO “Karagandy – Nan”
              11.   TOO “Zolotoj Kolos”
              12.   TOO “Koluton – 95”
              13.   OAO “Mamljut’s Milling Combinat”
              14.   OAO “Kyzyltusk’s Milling Combinat”


Other Efforts with the support of International and Civic Organizations

Summary of Key Activities related to Flour Fortification

National Planning:

Some Landmark Occasions in Support of Flour Fortification:

Legislation:

Communication/Education:

                                  Event                                    Audience
Brochure “It is necessary to know about Iron Deficiency Anemia”   Policymakers, producers, and
                                                                  mass media
Booklet “Enriched wheat flour – the prevention of anemia”         Policymakers, producers, Mass
                                                                  media
Leaflet for policymakers “ Prevention of anemia”                  Policymakers
Leaflet for producers “ Fortification of the flour by Iron”       Producers, trade distributors
Leaflet for Mass-media                                                     Mass media
Leaflet for population “ Iron enriched wheat flour as mean of prevention   Women
of Iron deficiency anemia”
Booklet for pregnant women “Prevention of anemia. Booklet for              Pregnant women
mother.”
Comic book for schoolchildren                                              Schoolchildren
Poster                                                                     All groups of population
Methodological schoolbook for teachers “ Prevention of anemia in           School teachers
Kazakhstan with help of food products”
Methodological textbook for medical staff of Public Health                 Workers of system of Public
“Fortification of wheat flour by Iron and vitamin-mineral complex and it   Health, doctors, medical
significance in prevention of iron deficiency anemia”                      students



Monitoring/ Evaluation:

A Work Group of local experts of the International project «Improving Nutrition of
Mothers and Children in Asian Countries in Transition» analyzed the normative base for
food products fortification in Kazakhstan, issues of certification, food products inner and
outer quality control, issues of export/import food products quality control, methods of
fortified wheat flour and iodized salt quality control. [5]


Training and Technical support:


The Progress
Parameters to track progress could include:

Iron deficiency: according to the medico-demographic survey in 1999 the anemia
prevalence among women of reproductive age and children under 3 years old is 36% in
comparison to 69% in 1995. It is established that the iron deficiency prevalence among
the same groups of population is higher then 40%. [5] At the end of the last decade of the
twenties century the Republican Scientific and Research Institute for Mother and Child
Care showed that at the Pre - Aral region of Kazakhstan anemia prevalence among
women of reproductive age accomplishes 95-98% [5].

Folic Acid deficiency:

Product information:
      14 mills fortifying
      Volume of flour fortified
      Volume of bread fortified


References
    1. CIA World Factbook
       http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/up.html
2.    FAOSTAT Agriculture,
     http://apps.fao.org/lim500/wrap.pl?FoodBalanceSheet&Domain=FoodBalanceSh
     eet&Language=english

3. World Grain Milling and Backing News. Grain and Milling Annual. Country
   Data. Country Focus: Kazakhstan . http://www.world-
   grain.com/country_stories.asp?ArticleID=64041

4. International Grains Council. http://www.igc.org.uk/

5. JFPR Regional Project on Food Fortification “Improving Nutrition for Poor
   Mothers and Children in Kazakhstan”. http://www.cark-nutrition.kz/

6.

				
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