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					Latin        Notes                                 Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
a, ab        + abl                                 prep             general          from, by
absum        abesse, afui                          verb irreg       general          be absent, be away, be distant
ac, atque    indeclinable                          conjunction      general          and
accido       accidere, accidi                      verb 3           general          happen
accipio      accipere, accepi, acceptus            verb 3           general          accept, take in, receive, hear
acer         acris, acre                           adj              general          keen, sharp, fierce
acies        aciei, f                              noun 5           military         line, battle line, army
ad           + acc                                 prep             general          to, towards, at, about, near
addo         addere, addidi, additus               verb 3           general          add, join
adeo         indeclinable                          adverb           general          so much, so greatly, to such an extent
adhuc        indeclinable                          adverb           general          till now, still
adimo        adimere, ademi, ademptus              verb             general          take away, remove
adipiscor    adipisci, adeptus sum                 verb 3 dep       general          obtain
adiuvo       adiuvare, adiuvi, adiutus             verb 1           general          help
adsum        adesse, adfui                         verb irreg       general          be here, be present
adulescens   adulescentis, m                       noun 3           general          youth, young man
advenio      advenire, adveni                      verb 4           general          arrive
adversus     + acc                                 prep             general          against, up(hill)
adversus                                           adverb           general          against, opposite
aedificium   aedificii, n                          noun 2           general          building
aedifico     aedificare, aedificavi, aedificatus   verb 1           general          build
aequus       aequa, aequum                         adj              general          equal, fair, favourable, calm
ager         agri, m                               noun 2           general          field, land, territory
aggredior    aggredi, aggressus sum                verb 3 dep       military         attack, approach
agmen        agminis, n                            noun 3           military         column of men, army
ago          agere, egi, actus                     verb 3           general          do, act, drive
             gratias ago                           verb phrase      general          thank, give thanks
aliquis      aliquid                               pron             general          someone, something, anyone, anything
alius        alia, aliud                           pron and adj     general          other, one, another, else
             alii ... alii                         pron             general          some ... others
alter        altera, alterum                       pron and adj     general          the other, one (of two), another, a second
altus        alta, altum                           adj              general          high, deep
ambulo       ambulare, ambulavi                    verb 1           general          walk
amica        amicae f                              noun 1           general          girl-friend
amicus       amici m                               noun 2           general          friend
Latin         Notes                                     Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
amitto        amittere, amisi, amissus                  verb 3           general          lose
amo           amare, amavi, amatus                      verb 1           general          love, like
amor          amoris, m                                 noun 3           general          love
an            indeclinable                              conjunction      general          or
angustus      angusta, angustum                         adj              general          narrow, confined
animadverto   animadvertere, animadverti,animadversus   verb 3           general          notice, observe
animus        animi, m                                  noun 2           general          spirit, soul, mind, courage
annus         anni, m                                   noun 2           general          year
ante          + acc                                     prep             general          before, in front of
antea         indeclinable                              adverb           general          before, previously
antequam      indeclinable                              conjunction      general          before
aperio        aperire, aperui, apertus                  verb 4           general          open, reveal, disclose
appareo       apparere, apparui                         verb 2           general          appear
appropinquo   appropinquare, appropinquavi +dat         verb 1           general          approach, come near to
apud          + acc                                     prep             domestic         among, at the house of, according to, in the opinion of
aqua          aquae, f                                  noun 1           general          water
aquila        aquilae, f                                noun 1           military         eagle, standard
ara           arae, f                                   noun 1           religious        altar
arbor         arboris, f                                noun 3           general          tree
arcesso       arcessere, arcessivi, arcessitus          verb 3           general          summon, send for
argentum      argenti, n                                noun 2           general          silver, money
arma          armorum, n pl                             noun 2           military         arms, weapons, armour
ars           artis, f                                  noun 3           general          art, skill
ascendo       ascendere, ascendi, ascensus              verb 3           general          climb
at            indeclinable                              conjunction      general          but
attonitus     attonita, attonitum                       adj              general          astonished, thunder-struck
audax         audacis                                   adj              military         bold, daring
audeo         audere, ausus sum                         verb semidep.    military         dare
audio         audire, audivi, auditus                   verb 4           general          hear, listen to
aufero        auferre, abstuli, ablatus                 verb 3           general          take away, carry off, steal
augeo         augere, auxi, auctus                      verb 2           general          increase, exaggerate
aut           indeclinable                              conjunction      general          or, either
autem         indeclinable                              conjunction      general          but, however
auxilium      auxilii, n                                noun 2           military         help; (pl ) (auxiliary) troops
bellum        belli, n                                  noun 2           military         war
Latin           Notes                     Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
bene            indeclinable              adverb           general          well
beneficium      beneficii, n              noun 2           general          kindness, service, favour
bis             indeclinable              adverb           general          twice
bona            bonorum, n pl             noun 2           general          goods, possessions, property
bonus           bona, bonum               adj              general          good
brevis          breve                     adj              general          short, brief
cado            cadere, cecidi, casus     verb 3           general          fall, perish
caedes          caedis, f                 noun 3           military         slaughter, killing, murder
caelum          caeli, n                  noun 2           religious        sky, heaven
campus          campi, m                  noun 2           military         plain, field
canis           canis, m and f            noun 3           domestic         dog
cano            canere, cecini, cantus    verb 3           general          sing, sound, play (of trumpets etc.)
capio           capere, cepi, captus      verb 3           military         take, catch, capture, choose
captivus        captivi, m                noun 2           military         captive, prisoner
caput           capitis, n                noun 3           general          head, person, life, capital
carus           cara, carum               adj              domestic         dear
castra          castrorum, n pl           noun 2           military         camp
causa           causae, f                 noun 1           legal            cause, reason, case
                causa + gen               noun 1           general          for the sake of
caveo           cavere, cavi, cautus      verb 2           general          beware (of), take care
cedo            cedere, cessi, cessus     verb 3           military         yield, give up; (in compounds) go
celer           celeris, celere           adj              general          quick
celo            celare, celavi, celatus   verb 1           general          hide
centurio        centurionis, m            noun 3           military         centurion
cerno           cernere, crevi, cretus    verb 3           general          see, perceive, decree
certamen        certaminis, n             noun 3           military         contest, battle, struggle
certus          certa, certum             adj              general          certain, sure, fixed
                certiorem facere          verb phrase      general          inform
ceteri          ceterae, cetera           adj              general          the rest, the other
cibus           cibi, m                   noun 2           domestic         food
cingo           cingere, cinxi, cinctus   verb 3           general          surround
circum, circa   + acc                     prep             general          around, about
civis           civis, m and f            noun 3           political        citizen
civitas         civitatis, f              noun 3           political        citizenship, state, city, tribe
clades          cladis, f                 noun 3           military         disaster, loss, defeat
Latin       Notes                                 Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
clam        indeclinable                          adverb           general          secretly
clamo       clamare, clamavi, clamatus            verb 1           general          shout, exclaim, proclaim
clamor      clamoris, m                           noun 3           general          shout, uproar, noise
clarus      clara, clarum                         adj              general          clear, famous, distinguished
coepi       coepisse, coeptus                     verb defective   general          began
cogito      cogitare, cogitavi, cogitatus         verb 1           general          think, consider
cognosco    cognoscere, cognovi, cognitus         verb 3           general          get to know, find out, learn
cogo        cogere, coegi, coactus                verb 3           general          force, compel, drive, assemble
cohors      cohortis, f                           noun 3           military         cohort, company
colo        colere, colui, cultus                 verb 3           general          cultivate, worship, honour
comes       comitis, m and f                      noun 3           military         comrade, companion
committo    committere, commisi, commissus        verb 3           military         commit, fight, begin (battle)
comparo     comparare, comparavi, comparatus      verb 1           general          prepare, provide, obtain, compare
condemno    condemnare, condemnavi, condemnatus   verb 1           legal            convict, condemn
condo       condere, condidi, conditus            verb 3           general          found, establish, hide
confero     conferre, contuli, conlatus           verb irreg       general          collect, compare, contribute, bestow
conficio    conficere, confeci, confectus         verb 3           general          complete, wear out
confido     confidere, confisus sum + dat         verb 3           general          trust, believe, have confidence
coniunx     coniugis, m and f                     noun 3           domestic         husband, wife, spouse
conor       conari, conatus sum                   verb 1 dep       general          try
consilium   consilii, n                           noun 2           political        council, plan, advice, prudence
consisto    consistere, constiti, constitus       verb 3           military         halt, stand, stand firm
conspicio   conspicere, conspexi, conspectus      verb 3           general          notice, observe, see
constituo   constituere, constitui, constitutus   verb 3           general          decide, establish
consul      consulis, m                           noun 3           political        consul
consulo     consulere, consului, consultus        verb 3           general          consult, consider, advise
consumo     consumere, consumpsi, consumptus      verb 3           general          eat, consume, spend
contendo    contendere, contendi, contentus       verb 3           military         hurry, march, contend, fight
contra      + acc                                 prep             military         against
copiae      copiarum, f pl                        noun 1           military         troops, forces, supplies
corpus      corporis, n                           noun 3           general          body
corripio    corripere, corripui, correptus        verb 3           military         seize, carry off
cotidie     indeclinable                          adverb           general          every day, daily
cras        indeclinable                          adverb           general          tomorrow
credo       credere, credidi, creditus + dat      verb 3           general          believe, trust, entrust
Latin          Notes                              Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
crimen         criminis, n                        noun 3           legal            accusation, charge, crime
crudelis       crudele                            adj              general          cruel
culpa          culpae, f                          noun 1           general          fault, blame
cum            indeclinable                       conjunction      general          when, since, although
cum            + abl                              prep             general          with
cunctus        cuncta, cunctum                    adj              general          all, whole
cupidus        cupida, cupidum + gen              adj              general          eager (for), greedy
cupio          cupere, cupivi, cupitus            verb 3           general          desire, wish, want
cur?           indeclinable                       adverb           general          why?
cura           curae, f                           noun 1           general          care, charge, anxiety
curo           curare, curavi, curatus            verb 1           general          care for, cure; with gerundive = get something done
curro          currere, cucurri, cursus           verb 3           general          run
custodio       custodire, custodivi, custoditus   verb 4           military         guard
custos         custodis, m and f                  noun 3           military         guard
de             + abl                              prep             general          about, from, down from
dea            deae, f                            noun 1           religious        goddess
deus           dei, m                             noun 2           religious        god
debeo          debere, debui, debitus             verb 2           general          owe, ought
decipio        decipere, decepi, deceptus         verb 3           general          deceive
defendo        defendere, defendi, defensus       verb 3           military         defend
defessus       defessa, defessum                  adj              general          tired
deinde, dein   indeclinable                       adverb           general          then, next, afterwards
deleo          delere, delevi, deletus            verb 2           military         destroy
denique        indeclinable                       adverb           general          at last, finally, in short
descendo       descendere, descendi, descensus    verb 3           general          descend, come down
desino         desinere, desii, desitus           verb 3           general          cease
despero        desperare, desperavi, desperatus   verb 1           general          despair
dexter         dextra, dextrum                    adj              general          right, on the right, right hand
dextra         dextrae, f                         noun 1           general          right hand, right side
dico           dicere, dixi, dictus               verb 3           general          say, speak, tell
dies           diei, m, occasionally f            noun 5           general          day
difficilis     difficile                          adj              general          difficult
dignitas       dignitatis, f                      noun 3           political        rank, dignity, importance, honour
dignus         digna, dignum + abl                adj              general          worthy (of), deserving (of)
diligens       diligentis                         adj              general          careful, diligent
Latin        Notes                           Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
dimitto      dimittere, dimisi, dimissus     verb 3           military         dismiss, scatter
dirus        dira, dirum                     adj              general          dreadful
discedo      discedere, discessi             verb 3           general          depart, leave
disco        discere, didici                 verb 3           general          learn
dissimilis   dissimile                       adj              general          different
diu          indeclinable                    adverb           general          for a long time
dives        divitis                         adj              general          rich
divitiae     divitiarum, f pl                noun 1           general          riches, wealth
divido       dividere, divisi, divisus       verb 3           general          divide, separate
do           dare, dedi, datus               verb 1           general          give
doceo        docere, docui, doctus           verb 2           general          teach, inform
doleo        dolere, dolui                   verb 2           general          hurt, be in pain, lament
dolor        doloris, m                      noun 3           general          pain, sorrow, anger
dolus        doli, m                         noun 2           general          trick, fraud
dominus      domini, m                       noun 2           domestic         master
domus        domus, f                        noun 4           domestic         house, home
donum        doni, n                         noun 2           general          gift, present
dormio       dormire, dormivi                verb 4           domestic         sleep
dubito       dubitare, dubitavi, dubitatus   verb 1           general          doubt, hesitate
dubius       dubia, dubium                   adj              general          doubtful, wavering
duco         ducere, duxi, ductus            verb 3           military         lead, take, marry, consider
dum          indeclinable                    conjunction      general          while, until
durus        dura, durum                     adj              general          hard, harsh, rough
dux          ducis, m                        noun 3           military         leader, general, ruler
e, ex        + abl                           prep             general          from, out of; (in compounds) out
efficio      efficere, effeci, effectus      verb 3           general          carry out, accomplish
effugio      effugere, effugi                verb 3           military         escape
egeo         egere, egui + gen or abl        verb 2           general          need, be in want of, lack
ego          mei                             pron             general          I, me
egredior     egredi, egressus sum            verb 3 dep       general          go out, come out
emo          emere, emi, emptus              verb 3           general          buy
enim         indeclinable                    conjunction      general          for
eo           indeclinable                    adverb           general          thither
eo           ire, i(v)i                      verb irreg       general          go
epistula     epistulae, f                    noun 1           general          letter
Latin       Notes                                 Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
eques       equitis, m                            noun 3           military         knight, horseman, (pl) cavalry
equus       equi, m                               noun 2           military         horse
erga        + acc                                 prep             general          towards
ergo        indeclinable                          adverb           general          therefore
erro        errare, erravi, erratus               verb 1           general          wander, make a mistake
et          indeclinable                          conjunction      general          and, both
etiam       indeclinable                          adverb           general          also, even, still
etsi        indeclinable                          conjunction      general          although
excipio     excipere, excepi, exceptus            verb 3           general          receive, take, welcome
excito      excitare, excitavi, excitatus         verb 1           general          wake, rouse, excite
exemplum    exempli, n                            noun 2           general          example, precedent
exercitus   exercitus, m                          noun 4           military         army
exilium     exilii, n                             noun 2           political        exile
exitium     exitii, n                             noun 2           general          ruin, destruction
exspecto    exspectare, exspectavi, exspectatus   verb 1           general          wait for, expect
extra       + acc                                 prep & adverb    general          outside, beyond
facilis     facile                                adj              general          easy
facinus     facinoris, n                          noun 3           legal            crime, outrage, deed
facio       facere, feci, factus                  verb 3           general          make, do
fallo       fallere, fefelli, falsus              verb 3           general          deceive, cheat, escape one's notice
fama        famae, f                              noun 1           general          rumour, fame, glory
familia     familiae, f                           noun 1           domestic         family, household
faveo       favere, favi, + dat                   verb 2           general          favour, support
felix       felicis                               adj              general          fortunate, happy, prosperous
femina      feminae, f                            noun 1           general          woman
fere        indeclinable                          adverb           general          nearly, about
fero        ferre, tuli, latus                    verb irreg       general          bear, carry, say
ferox       ferocis                               adj              military         fierce, cruel, brave
ferrum      ferri, n                              noun 2           military         iron, sword
festino     festinare, festinavi                  verb 1           general          hurry
fidelis     fidele                                adj              general          trustworthy, faithful, loyal
fides       fidei, f                              noun 5           general          trust, faith, confidence, loyalty
fido        fidere, fisus sum                     verb semidep     general          trust, rely upon
filia       filiae, f                             noun 1           domestic         daughter
filius      filii, m                              noun 2           domestic         son
Latin       Notes                           Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
finis       finis, m                        noun 3           general          end, boundary, pl territory
fio         fieri, factus sum               verb irreg       general          become, be made, happen
flamma      flammae, f                      noun 1           general          blaze, flame, passion
flumen      fluminis, n                     noun 3           general          river
fodio       fodere, fodi, fossus            verb 3           military         dig
foedus      foederis, n                     noun 3           military         treaty, agreement
fortasse    indeclinable                    adverb           general          perhaps
forte       indeclinable                    adverb           general          by chance
fortis      forte                           adj              military         brave, strong, bold
fortuna     fortunae, f                     noun 1           religious        fate, luck, fortune (good or bad)
forum       fori, n                         noun 2           general          forum, market place
fossa       fossae, f                       noun 1           military         ditch, trench
frango      frangere, fregi, fractus        verb 3           general          break, crush
frater      fratris, m                      noun 3           domestic         brother
frigus      frigoris, n                     noun 3           general          cold
frumentum   frumenti, n                     noun 2           general          corn, grain
frustra     indeclinable                    adverb           general          in vain
fuga        fugae, f                        noun 1           military         flight, escape
fugio       fugere, fugi                    verb 3           military         flee, run away from, avoid
fundo       fundere, fudi, fusus            verb 3           military         pour, shed, rout
furor       furoris, m                      noun 3           general          rage, fury, madness, passion
gaudeo      gaudere, gavisus sum            verb 2           general          rejoice
gaudium     gaudii, n                       noun 2           general          joy, delight
gens        gentis, f                       noun 3           general          race, people, family, tribe
genus       generis, n                      noun 3           general          race, descent, birth, kind
gero        gerere, gessi, gestus           verb 3           military         bear, wear, wage war, manage
gladius     gladii, m                       noun 2           military         sword
gratia      gratiae, f                      noun 1           general          favour, thanks, esteem
            gratias ago                     verb phrase      general          thank, give thanks
gravis      grave                           adj              general          heavy, serious, painful, important
habeo       habere, habui, habitus          verb 2           general          have, hold, consider
habito      habitare, habitavi, habitatus   verb 1           domestic         live, dwell
hasta       hastae, f                       noun 1           military         spear
haud I      ndeclinable                     adverb           general          not
heri        indeclinable                    adverb           general          yesterday
Latin       Notes                                       Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
hiberna     hibernorum, n pl                            noun 2           military         winter quarters
hic         haec, hoc                                   pron             general          this
hic         indeclinable                                adverb           general          here
hiems       hiemis, f                                   noun 3           general          winter, storm
hinc        indeclinable                                adverb           general          from here, hence, henceforth
hodie       indeclinable                                adverb           general          today
homo        hominis, m                                  noun 3           general          man, person
honor       honoris, m                                  noun 3           military         honour, esteem, glory
hora        horae, f                                    noun 1           general          hour
hortor      hortari, hortatus sum                       verb 1 dep       military         urge, encourage
hospes      hospitis, m                                 noun 3           domestic         guest, host
hostis      hostis, m                                   noun 3           military         enemy
huc         indeclinable                                adverb           general          here, to this place
humus       humi, f                                     noun 2           general          ground, earth
iaceo       iacere, iacui                               verb 2           general          lie (down)
iacio       iacere, ieci, iactus (in compounds -icio)   verb 3           military         throw
iam         indeclinable                                adverb           general          now, already
            non iam (indeclinable)                      adverb           general          no longer
ibi         indeclinable                                adverb           general          there, then
idem        eadem, idem                                 pron             general          the same
idoneus     idonea, idoneum                             adj              general          suitable, convenient
igitur      indeclinable                                adverb           general          therefore, and so
ignis       ignis, m                                    noun 3           general          fire
ignoro      ignorare, ignoravi, ignoratus               verb 1           general          do not know, be ignorant, misunderstand
ille        illa, illud                                 pron             general          that, he, she, it
illic       indeclinable                                adverb           general          there
impedio     impedire, impedivi, impeditus               verb 4           military         delay, hinder, prevent
imperator   imperatoris, m                              noun 3           political        emperor, general, leader
imperium    imperii, n                                  noun 2           political        command, power, empire
impero      imperare, imperavi, imperatus +dat          verb 1           military         order, command
impetus     impetus, m                                  noun 4           military         attack, impulse
in          + abl                                       prep             general          in, on
in          + acc                                       prep             general          into, onto, against, towards
incendium   incendii, m                                 noun 2           general          fire
incendo     incendere, incendi, incensus                verb 3           general          burn, set on fire, inflame, rouse
Latin            Notes                                 Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
incipio          incipere, incepi, inceptus            verb 3           general          begin
incito           incitare, incitavi, incitatus         verb 1           military         urge on, arouse, encourage
inde             indeclinable                          adverb           general          from there, thereupon, next
infero           inferre, intuli, illatus/inlatus      verb irreg       military         inflict, bring to, cause, carry against
                 signa inferre                         verb phrase      military         attack, charge
                 bellum inferre                        verb phrase      military         make war on
infra            indeclinable                          prep & adverb    general          below
ingenium         ingenii, n                            noun 2           general          character, ability
ingens           ingentis                              adj              general          huge
ingredior        ingredi, ingressus sum                verb 3 dep       general          enter, undertake
inimicus         inimici, m                            noun 2           general          (personal) enemy
iniquus          iniqua, iniquum                       adj              general          unfair, unjust, unfavourable
initium          initii, n                             noun 2           general          beginning
iniuria          iniuriae, f                           noun 1           legal            injustice, injury, wrong
inopia           inopiae, f                            noun 1           military         shortage, lack, poverty
inquam           inquit, inquiunt                      verb irreg       general          say
insidiae         insidiarum, f pl                      noun 1           military         ambush, trap, trick
insignis         insigne                               adj              general          distinguished, glorious
inspicio         inspicere, inspexi, inspectus         verb 3           military         look at, inspect, examine
instruo          instruere, instruxi, instructus       verb 3           military         draw up, prepare, equip, supply
insula           insulae, f                            noun 1           domestic         island
intellego        intellegere, intellexi, intellectus   verb 3           general          understand, perceive, realise
inter, intra     + acc                                 prep             general          between, among, inside, within
interea, interim indeclinable                          adverb           general          meanwhile, in the meantime
interficio       interficere, interfeci, interfectus   verb 3           military         kill
intro            intrare, intravi, intratus            verb 1           general          enter
invenio          invenire, inveni, inventus            verb 4           general          find, discover
invito           invitare, invitavi, invitatus         verb 1           general          invite
invitus          invita, invitum                       adj              general          unwillling, reluctant
ipse             ipsa, ipsum                           pron             general          -self
ira              irae, f                               noun 1           general          anger
iratus           irata, iratum                         adj              general          angry
is               ea, id                                pron             general          this, that, he, she, it
ita              indeclinable                          adverb           general          in this way, so, thus
ita vero         indeclinable                          adverb           general          yes
Latin      Notes                                        Part of Speech    Classification   Meaning(s)
itaque     indeclinable                                 adverb            general          and so, therefore
iter       itineris, n                                  noun 3            military         journey, march, way
iterum     indeclinable                                 adverb            general          again
iubeo      iubere, iussi, iussus                        verb 2            general          order, command
iudex      iudicis, m and f                             noun 3            legal            judge, juror
iungo      iungere, iunxi, iunctus                      verb 3            general          join, unite, fasten
iustus     iusta, iustum                                adj               legal            right, just, lawful, complete
iuvenis    iuvenis                                      noun & adj        general          young man, young
iuvo       iuvare, iuvi, iutus                          verb 1            general          help
labor      labi, lapsus sum                             verb 3 dep        general          glide, slip, fall
labor      laboris, m                                   noun 3            general          work, toil, trouble
laboro     laborare, laboravi, laboratus                verb 1            general          work, toil, be in difficulty
laedo      laedere, laesi, laesus                       verb 3            military         hurt, injure, harm
laetus     laeta, laetum                                adj               general          happy, glad
latus      lata, latum                                  adj               general          wide, broad
latus      lateris, n                                   noun 3            military         side, wing
laudo      laudare, laudavi, laudatus                   verb 1            general          praise
laus       laudis, f                                    noun 3            general          praise, honour, credit
legatus    legati, m                                    noun 2            military         (legionary) commander, ambassador, envoy
legio      legionis, f                                  noun 3            military         legion
lego       legere, legi, lectus                         verb 3            general          read, choose
lentus     lenta, lentum                                adj               general          slow
levis      leve                                         adj               general          light, slight
lex        legis, f                                     noun 3            political        law
libens     libentis                                     adj               general          willing, glad
liber      libera, liberum                              adj               general          free
liber      libri, m                                     noun 2            general          book
liberi     liberorum, m pl                              noun 2            domestic         children
libero     liberare, liberavi, liberatus                verb 1            legal            set free
libertas   libertatis, f                                noun 3            legal            freedom
libertus   liberti, m                                   noun 2            legal            freedman, ex-slave
licet      licere, licuit + dat                         verb impersonal   general          it is allowed
littera    litterae, f (usually pl. with sg. meaning)   noun 1            general          letter
litus      litoris, n                                   noun 3            general          sea-shore, beach
locus      loci, m                                      noun 2            general          place, position, situation, opportunity
Latin       Notes                              Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
longus      longa, longum                      adj              general          long
loquor      loqui, locutus sum                 verb 3 dep       general          speak, talk
lux         lucis, f                           noun 3           general          light, daylight
magister    magistri, m                        noun 2           general          teacher, master
magnus      magna, magnum                      adj              general          big, large, great
magnopere   indeclinable                       adverb           general          very much, greatly
magis       indeclinable                       comp adverb      general          more, rather
malo        malle, malui                       verb irreg       general          prefer
malus       mala, malum                        adj              general          evil, bad
mando       mandare, mandavi, mandatus         verb 1           general          commit, entrust, command
mane        indeclinable                       adverb           general          in the morning, early
maneo       manere, mansi                      verb 2           general          remain, stay
manus       manus, f                           noun 4           military         hand, band
mare        maris, n                           noun 3           general          sea
mater       matris, f                          noun 3           domestic         mother
medius      media, medium                      adj              general          middle (of)
mens        mentis, f                          noun 3           general          mind
mensis      mensis, m                          noun 3           general          month
mercator    mercatoris, m                      noun 3           general          merchant
metus       metus, m                           noun 4           general          fear
meus        mea, meum                          adj              general          my
miles       militis, m                         noun 3           military         soldier
minor       minari, minatus sum + dat          verb 1 dep       military         threaten
mirabilis   mirabile                           adj              general          strange, wonderful
miror       mirari, miratus sum                verb 1 dep       general          wonder at, admire
miser       misera, miserum                    adj              general          miserable, wretched, sad
mitto       mittere, misi, missus              verb 3           general          send, throw, let go
modo        indeclinable                       adverb           general          just now, only
modus       modi, m                            noun 2           general          manner, way, kind
moenia      moenium, n pl                      noun 3           military         city walls, city
moneo       monere, monui, monitus             verb 2           general          warn, advise, teach
mons        montis, m                          noun 3           general          mountain
monstro     monstrare, monstravi, monstratus   verb 1           general          show, point out, indicate, instruct
morbus      morbi, m                           noun 2           general          sickness, disease
morior      mori, mortuus sum                  verb 3 dep       military         die
Latin        Notes                           Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
mors         mortis, f                       noun 3           military         death
moror        morari, moratus sum             verb 1 dep       general          delay
mora         morae, f                        noun 1           general          delay
mos          moris, m                        noun 3           general          habit, custom, (pl) character, morals
moveo        movere, movi, motus             verb 2           general          move
mox          indeclinable                    adverb           general          soon
mulier       mulieris, f                     noun 3           general          woman
multitudo    multitudinis, f                 noun 3           general          crowd, multitude
multus       multa, multum                   adj              general          much, many
munio        munire, munivi, munitus         verb 4           military         fortify, defend, guard
munus        muneris, n                      noun 3           military         service, duty, present
murus        muri, m                         noun 2           general          wall, rampart
muto         mutare, mutavi, mutatus         verb 1           general          change, alter
nam          indeclinable                    conjunction      general          for
narro        narrare, narravi, narrates      verb 1           general          tell, relate
nascor       nasci, natus sum                verb 3 dep       general          am born
natura       naturae, f                      noun 1           general          nature
nauta        nautae, m                       noun 1           military         sailor
navigo       navigare, navigavi              verb 1           military         sail
navis        navis, f                        noun 3           military         ship
             navis longa                                      military         warship
             navis oneraria                                   military         merchant ship
-ne          indeclinable                    particle         general          (introduces question)
ne           indeclinable                    conjunction      general          lest, that not
nec, neque   indeclinable                    conjunction      general          and not, nor, neither
necesse      indeclinable                    adj              general          necessary
neco         necare, necavi, necatus         verb 1           military         kill
neglego      neglegere, neglexi, neglectus   verb 3           general          neglect, disregard
nego         negare, negavi, negatus         verb 1           general          say no, deny, refuse, say that ...not
negotium     negotii, n                      noun 2           general          business
nemo         nullius                         noun irreg       general          no one, nobody
nescio       nescire, nescivi                verb 4           general          not know
nihil        indeclinable                    noun irreg       general          nothing
nisi         indeclinable                    conjunction      general          unless, if not, except
nobilis      nobile                          adj              political        noble, famous
Latin        Notes                           Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
noceo        nocere, nocui + dat             verb 2           general          hurt, harm
nolo         nolle, nolui                    verb irreg       general          not want, be unwilling, refuse
nomen        nominis, n                      noun 3           general          name
non          indeclinable                    adverb           general          not
nondum       indeclinable                    adverb           general          not yet
nonne?       indeclinable                    adverb           general          surely?
nonnulli     nonnullae, nonnulla             adj              general          some, several
nos          nostrum                         pron             general          we, us
noster       nostra, nostrum                 pron             general          our
notus        nota, notum                     adj              general          known, well-known, famous
novi         notus                           verb 3           general          know
novus        nova, novum                     adj              general          new, fresh, recent
nox          noctis, f                       noun 3           general          night
             noctu                                                             by night
nullus       nulla, nullum                   adj              general          no, none, not any
num          indeclinable                    adverb           general          surely…not, whether
numerus      numeri, m                       noun 2           general          number
numquam      indeclinable                    adverb           general          never
nunc         indeclinable                    adverb           general          now
nuntio       nuntiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatus   verb 1           general          announce, report
nuntius      nuntii, m                       noun 2           military         messenger, message, news
ob           + acc                           prep             general          because of, on account of
obliviscor   oblivisci, oblitus sum          verb 3 dep       general          forget
obses        obsidis m and f                 noun 3           military         hostage
obsideo      obsidere, obsedi, obsessus      verb 2           military         besiege, blockade
obviam eo    ire, i(v)i + dat                verb phrase      military         meet, go to meet, oppose, resist
occasio      occasionis, f                   noun 3           general          opportunity, occasion
occido       occidere, occidi, occisus       verb 3           military         kill
occupo       occupare, occupavi, occupatus   verb 1           military         seize, take possession of, occupy
oculus       oculi, m                        noun 2           general          eye
odi          odisse                          verb irreg       general          hate
odium        odii, n                         noun 2           general          hatred
             odio est + dat                  verb phrase                       be hated by
offero       offerre, obtuli, oblatus        verb irreg       general          present, offer
officium     officii, n                      noun 2           political        duty, task, function
Latin        Notes                                    Part of Speech      Classification   Meaning(s)
olim         indeclinable                             adverb              general          once, formerly, one day
omitto       omittere, omisi, omissus                 verb 3              general          neglect, disregard, make no mention of
omnis        omne                                     adj                 general          all, every
             omnino                                   adverb              general          altogether, at all, entirely
onus         oneris, n                                noun 3              general          burden, load
opera        operae, f                                noun 1              general          work, effort, attention, trouble
             operam do                                verb phrase         general          I take pains, give attention (to)
oportet      oportere, oportuit                       verb 2 impersonal   general          be necessary, ought, must
oppidum      oppidi, n                                noun 2              military         town
opportunus   opportuna, opportunum                    adj                 general          suitable, opportune
opprimo      opprimere, oppressi, oppressus           verb 3              military         overwhelm, crush, weigh down
oppugno      oppugnare, oppugnavi, oppugnatus         verb 1              military         attack
(ops)        opis, f                                  noun 3              military         help; (pl) resources, riches
opus         operis, n                                noun 3              general          work, toil, construction
             opus est esse, fuit + abl (impersonal)   verb phrase         general          there is need (of)
ora          orae, f                                  noun 1              general          coast
oratio       orationis, f                             noun 3              legal            speech
ordo         ordinis, m                               noun 3              military         rank, order, line
orior        oriri, ortus sum                         verb 4 dep          general          rise, start, originate
orno         ornare, ornavi, ornatus                  verb 1              general          adorn, decorate, provide, equip
oro          orare, oravi, oratus                     verb 1              general          beg
os           oris, n                                  noun 3              general          mouth, face
ostendo      ostendere, ostendi, ostentus             verb 3              general          show, point out, indicate
otium        otii, n                                  noun 2              general          leisure, idleness, peace
paene        indeclinable                             adverb              general          almost, nearly
palam        indeclinable                             adverb              general          openly
par          paris                                    adj                 general          equal
parco        parcere, peperci + dat                   verb 3              military         spare
parens       parentis, m and f                        noun 3              domestic         parent; (pl) relations
pareo        parere, parui + dat                      verb 2              general          obey
pario        parere, peperi, partus                   verb 3              general          win, acquire, gain, secure
paro         parare, paravi, paratus                  verb 1              general          prepare, provide
pars         partis, f                                noun 3              general          part, some, direction
parvus       parva, parvum                            adj                 general          small
passim       indeclinable                             adverb              general          in all directions, far and wide
Latin           Notes                            Part of Speech    Classification Meaning(s)
passus          passus, m                        noun 4            general        pace
                mille passus                                                      mile
pater           patris, m                        noun 3            domestic       father
patior          pati, passus sum                 verb 3 dep        general        suffer, endure, allow
patria          patriae, f                       noun 1            political      homeland, native land
pauci           paucae, pauca                    adj plural        general        few, a few
paulatim        indeclinable                     adverb            general        gradually, little by little
paulisper       indeclinable                     adverb            general        for a short time
paulum, paulo   indeclinable                     adverb            general        a little, somewhat
pauper          pauperis                         adj               general        poor
pax             pacis, f                         noun 3            military       peace
pecunia         pecuniae, f                      noun 1            general        money
pedes           peditis, m                       noun 3            military       infantry
pello           pellere, pepuli, pulsus          verb 3            military       push, drive, rout
per             + acc                            prep              general        through, throughout, along
perdo           perdere, perdidi, perditus       verb 3            general        destroy, lose
pereo           perire, perii                    verb irreg        general        die, perish, be ruined
perficio        perficere, perfeci, perfectus    verb 3            general        bring about, complete, perfect
periculum       periculi, n                      noun 2            general        danger
peritus         perita, peritum + gen or abl     adj               general        skilled (in)
permitto        permittere, permisi, permissus   verb 3            general        hand over, entrust, permit, allow
persuadeo       persuadere, persuasi + dat       verb 2            general        persuade, convince
perterritus     perterrita, perterritum          adj               general        very frightened
pervenio        pervenire, perveni               verb 4            general        reach, arrive
pes             pedis, m                         noun 3            general        foot
peto            petere, petivi, petitus          verb 3            general        seek, ask for, make for, attack
pilum           pili, n                          noun 2            military       javelin
placet          placere, placuit + dat           verb 2 impersonal general        it pleases, suits, it is resolved
plebs           plebis, f                        noun 3            political      the people, common people
plenus          plena, plenum                    adj               general        full, filled
plerique        pleraeque, pleraque              adj               general        most, the majority
poena           poenae, f                        noun 1            legal          punishment, penalty
                poenas do                        verb phrase                      pay the penalty, am punished
polliceor       polliceri, pollicitus sum        verb 2 dep        general        promise
pono            ponere, posui, positus           verb 3            general        put, place, set up (camp)
Latin        Notes                              Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
pons         pontis, m                          noun 3           general          bridge
populus      populi, m                          noun 2           political        people, nation
porta        portae, f                          noun 1           general          gate
porto        portare, portavi, portatus         verb 1           general          carry, bear, take
portus       portus, m                          noun 4           general          harbour, port
posco        poscere, poposci                   verb 3           general          demand, ask for
possum       posse, potui                       verb irreg       general          can, be able
post         + acc                              prep             general          behind, after
post         indeclinable                       adverb           general          afterwards, next
postea       indeclinable                       adverb           general          afterwards, then
postquam     indeclinable                       conjunction      general          after, when
postremus    postrema, postremum                adj              general          last
postridie    indeclinable                       adverb           general          on the next day
postulo      postulare, postulavi, postulatus   verb 1           general          demand, ask
potens       potentis                           adj              general          powerful
potestas     potestatis, f                      noun 3           political        power, authority, opportunity
potior       potiri, potitus sum + gen or abl   verb 4           general          seize, get possession of
potius       indeclinable                       adverb           general          rather, more
praebeo      praebere, praebui, praebitus       verb 2           general          provide, give, show, offer
praeda       praedae, f                         noun 1           military         booty, plunder
praemium     praemii, n                         noun 2           general          prize, reward
praeficio    praeficere, praefeci, praefectus   verb 3           military         put in charge of
praesidium   praesidii, n                       noun 2           military         protection, garrison, fortification
praesum      praeesse, praefui + dat            verb irreg       military         be in charge of
praeter      + acc                              prep             general          beyond, except, besides
praeterea    indeclinable                       adverb           general          besides, moreover, in addition
praetor      praetoris, m                       noun 3           political        praetor (acted as judge or governor)
precor       precari, precatus sum              verb 1 dep       religious        pray, pray to, beg
pretium      pretii, n                          noun 2           general          price, value
primus       prima, primum                      adj              general          first, chief
princeps     principis, m                       noun 3           political        emperor, chief, chieftain
prior        prioris                            adj              general          previous, former
prius        indeclinable                       adverb           general          before, previously
priusquam    indeclinable                       conjunction      general          before, until
pro          + abl                              prep             general          in front of, for, on behalf of, in return for
Latin             Notes                            Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
procedo           procedere, processi              verb 3           general          advance, proceed
procul            indeclinable                     adverb           general          far away, distant
prodo             prodere, prodidi, proditus       verb 3           military         betray, surrender
proelium          proelii, n                       noun 2           military         battle
proficiscor       proficisci, profectus sum        verb 3 dep       general          set out, depart
progredior        progredi, progressus sum         verb 3 dep       general          advance, proceed
promitto          promittere, promisi, promissus   verb 3           general          promise
prope             + acc                            prep             general          near
propter           + acc                            prep             general          on account of, because of
provincia         provinciae, f                    noun 1           political        province
proximus          proxima, proximum                adj              general          nearest, next, last
publicus          publica, publicum                adj              political        public, common
pudor             pudoris, m                       noun 3           general          shame, modesty, honour, disgrace
puella            puellae, f                       noun 1           general          girl
puer              pueri, m                         noun 2           general          boy
pugna             pugnae, f                        noun 1           military         fight, battle
pugno             pugnare, pugnavi                 verb 1           military         fight
punio             punire, punivi, punitus          verb 4           legal            punish
puto              putare, putavi, putatus          verb 1           general          think, consider, reckon
quaero            quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitus    verb 3           general          search for, ask for, ask, inquire
qualis?           quale                            adj              general          what sort of?
quam              indeclinable                     adverb           general          how, than, as
                  quam + superlative                                                 as ... as possible
quamquam          indeclinable                     conjunction      general          although
quando?           indeclinable                     adverb           general          when?
quantus?          quanta, quantum                  adj              general          how big? how much?
quasi             indeclinable                     adverb           general          as if, just as, nearly
-que              indeclinable                     conjunction      general          and
queror            queri, questus sum               verb 3 dep       general          complain
qui               quae, quod                       pron             general          who, which, that
quia              indeclinable                     conjunction      general          because
quidam            quaedam, quoddam                 pron             general          one, a certain, some
quidem            indeclinable                     adverb           general          indeed, in fact, however
ne ... quidem i   ndeclinable                      adverb           general          not ... even
quies             quietis, f                       noun 3           general          rest, peace, quiet
Latin         Notes                           Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
quis?         quid                            pron             general          who? what? any
quisquam      quicquam                        pron             general          anyone, anything
quisque       quaeque, quidque                pron             general          each, each one, every
quisquis      quicquid                        pron             general          whoever, whatever
quo?          indeclinable                    adverb           general          where to?
quoad         indeclinable                    conjunction      general          as long as, until
quod          indeclinable                    conjunction      general          because, (as to) the fact that
              quod si                         conjunction                       but if
quomodo?      indeclinable                    adverb           general          how? in what way?
quoniam       indeclinable                    conjunction      general          since
quoque        indeclinable                    conjunction      general          also, too
quot?         indeclinable                    adj              general          how many?
quotiens      indeclinable                    adverb           general          how often? as often as
rapio         rapere, rapui, raptus           verb 3           military         seize, grab, carry off, plunder
ratio         rationis, f                     noun 3           general          account, reckoning, manner, reason
recens        recentis                        adj              general          recent, fresh
recipio       recipere, recepi, receptus      verb 3           general          regain, receive, welcome
              me recipio                      verb phrase      military         retreat, withdraw
recito        recitare, recitavi, recitatus   verb 1           general          recite, read aloud
rectus        recta, rectum                   adj              general          straight, direct, right, proper
reddo         reddere, reddidi, redditus      verb 3           general          give back, restore, hand over, make
redeo         redire, redii                   verb irreg       general          return, go back, come back
refero        referre, rettuli, relatus       verb irreg       general          bring back, report, refer
              pedem/me refero                 verb phrase                       retreat
reficio       reficere, refeci, refectus      verb 3           general          repair, restore, refresh
regina        reginae, f                      noun 1           political        queen
regnum        regni, n                        noun 2           political        kingdom, reign, rule
rego          regere, rexi, rectus            verb 3           political        rule, direct
regredior     regredi, regressus sum          verb 3 dep       general          go back, return
relinquo      relinquere, reliqui, relictus   verb 3           general          leave, leave behind, abandon
reliquus      reliqua, reliquum               adj              general          the rest of, the other
repente       indeclinable                    adverb           general          suddenly
res           rei, f                          noun 5           general          thing, affair, matter, business
res publica   rei publicae, f                 noun phrase      political        state, republic
resisto       resistere, restiti + dat        verb 3           military         resist, oppose
Latin       Notes                              Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
respondeo   respondere, respondi, responsus    verb 2           general          answer, reply
responsum   responsi, n                        noun 2           general          answer, reply
restituo    restituere, restitui, restitutus   verb 3           general          restore, give back
retineo     retinere, retinui, retentus        verb 2           general          hold back, restrain, keep
rex         regis, m                           noun 3           political        king
ripa        ripae, f                           noun 1           general          bank
rogo        rogare, rogavi, rogatus            verb 1           general          ask, ask for
rumpo       rumpere, rupi, ruptus              verb 3           general          break, burst, break through
rursus      indeclinable                       adverb           general          back, again
rus         ruris, n                           noun 3           general          country
sacerdos    sacerdotis, m and f                noun 3           religious        priest, priestess
saepe       indeclinable                       adverb           general          often
saevus      saeva, saevum                      adj              general          savage, cruel
salus       salutis, f                         noun 3           general          health, safety, greeting
saluto      salutare, salutavi, salutatus      verb 1           general          greet, salute
sanguis     sanguinis, m                       noun 3           general          blood
sapiens     sapientis                          adj              general          wise, sensible
sapientia   sapientiae, f                      noun 1           general          wisdom, good sense
satis       indeclinable                       adj              general          enough
scelus      sceleris, n                        noun 3           legal            crime, wickedness
scio        scire, scivi, scitus               verb 4           general          know
scribo      scribere, scripsi, scriptus        verb 3           general          write
scutum      scuti, n                           noun 2           military         shield
se          sui                                pron             general          himself, herself, itself, themselves
secundus    secunda, secundum                  adj              general          following, next, second, favourable
sed         indeclinable                       conjunction      general          but
sedes       sedis, f                           noun 3           domestic         seat, temple, home
semel       indeclinable                       adverb           general          once
semper      indeclinable                       adverb           general          always
senator     senatoris, m                       noun 3           political        senator
senatus     senatus, m                         noun 4           political        senate
senex       senis, m                           noun 3           general          old man
sententia   sententiae, f                      noun 1           legal            opinion, judgement, sentence
sentio      sentire, sensi, sensus             verb 4           general          feel, notice, hear, judge
sequor      sequi, secutus sum                 verb 3 dep       general          follow, pursue, attend
Latin       Notes                           Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
servo       servare, servavi, servatus      verb 1           general          save, protect, keep
servus      servi, m                        noun 2           domestic         slave
si          indeclinable                    conjunction      general          if
sic         indeclinable                    adverb           general          thus, in this way
sicut       indeclinable                    adverb           general          just as, like, as, as if
signum      signi, n                        noun 2           military         sign, signal, standard
silentium   silentii, n                     noun 2           general          silence
silva       silvae, f                       noun 1           general          wood, forest
similis     simile                          adj              general          similar, like
simul       indeclinable                    adverb           general          at the same time, together
simulac,    (simulatque) indeclinable       conjunction      general          as soon as
sine        + abl                           prep             general          without
sinister    sinistra, sinistrum             adj              general          left, on the left, unfavourable
sinistra    sinistrae, f                    noun 1           general          left hand, left side
sino        sinere, sivi, situs             verb 3           general          allow, permit
sive, seu   indeclinable                    conjunction      general          or if, whether
socius      socii, m                        noun 2           military         ally, comrade, companion
sol         solis, m                        noun 3           general          sun, sunlight
soleo       solere, solitus sum             verb 2 semidep   general          be accustomed
solum       indeclinable                    adverb           general          only
solus       sola, solum                     adj              general          alone, only, alone
solvo       solvere, solvi, solutus         verb 3           military         loose, pay
            navem solvo                     verb phrase                       set sail
somnus      somni, m                        noun 2           general          sleep
sonus       soni, m                         noun 2           general          noise, sound
soror       sororis, f                      noun 3           domestic         sister
spatium     spatii, n                       noun 2           general          interval, space, distance
specto      spectare, spectavi, spectatus   verb 1           general          look at, watch
sperno      spernere, sprevi, spretus       verb 3           general          despise, reject, scorn
spero       sperare, speravi, speratus      verb 1           general          hope, expect
spes        spei, f                         noun 5           general          hope
spolium     spolii, n                       noun 2           military         booty, spoil(s)
statim      indeclinable                    adverb           general          at once, immediately
statuo      statuere, statui, statutus      verb 3           general          fix, determine, decide, arrange
sto         stare, steti                    verb 1           general          stand, stand firm
Latin       Notes                           Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
studium     studii, n                       noun 2           general          eagerness, study, devotion
stultus     stulta, stultum                 adj              general          stupid, foolish
sub         + abl or + acc                  prep             general          under, beneath; up to
subito      indeclinable                    adverb           general          suddenly
sum         esse, fui                       verb irreg       general          be
summus      summa, summum                   adj              general          highest, greatest, top (of)
sumo        sumere, sumpsi, sumptus         verb 3           general          take, take up
supero      superare, superavi, superatus   verb 1           military         overcome, overpower
supersum    superesse, superfui             verb irreg       general          be left, remain, survive
superus     supera, superum                 adj              general          upper, higher
surgo       surgere, surrexi                verb 3           general          get up, stand up, rise
suscipio    suscipere, suscepi, susceptus   verb 3           general          take up, undertake, begin, bear
suspicor    suspicari, suspicatus sum       verb 1 dep       legal            mistrust, suspect
suus        sua, suum                       pron             general          his (own), her (own), its (own), their (own)
tacitus     tacita, tacitum                 adj              general          quiet, silent, in silence
talis       tale                            adj              general          such
tam         indeclinable                    adverb           general          so
tamen       indeclinable                    adverb           general          however, nevertheless, yet
tandem      indeclinable                    adverb           general          at last, finally
tango       tangere, tetigi, tactus         verb 3           general          touch
tantum      indeclinable                    adverb           general          only
tantus      tanta, tantum                   adj              general          so great, such a great, so much
tectum      tecti, n                        noun 2           general          roof, house
tego        tegere, texi, tectus            verb 3           general          cover, protect, hide
telum       teli, n                         noun 2           military         weapon, javelin, missile
tempestas   tempestatis, f                  noun 3           general          weather, storm, time
templum     templi, n                       noun 2           religious        temple
tempus      temporis, n                     noun 3           general          time
teneo       tenere, tenui, tentus           verb 2           general          hold, keep, maintain
tergum      tergi, n                        noun 2           military         back, rear
terra       terrae, f                       noun 1           general          ground, land, earth
terreo      terrere, terrui, territus       verb 2           general          frighten
terror      terroris, m                     noun 3           general          terror, panic
timeo       timere, timui                   verb 2           general          fear, be afraid
timor       timoris, m                      noun 3           general          fear, anxiety
Latin      Notes                        Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
tollo      tollere, sustuli, sublatus   verb 3           general          raise, lift up, remove, destroy
tot        indeclinable                 adj              general          so many
totus      tota, totum                  adj              general          the whole, entire, all
trado      tradere, tradidi, traditus   verb 3           general          hand over, entrust, hand down, surrender
traho      trahere, traxi, tractus      verb 3           general          pull, drag, draw
trans      + acc                        prep             general          across, over
tristis    triste                       adj              general          sad, gloomy, grim
tu         tui                          pron             general          you (singular)
tum        indeclinable                 adverb           general          then, next
tumultus   tumultus, m                  noun 4           military         uproar, disturbance, civil war
turba      turbae, f                    noun 1           general          crowd, mob, disturbance, multitude
tutus      tuta, tutum                  adj              military         safe
tuus       tua, tuum                    pron             general          your
ubi        indeclinable                 adverb           general          where? where, when
ubique     indeclinable                 adverb           general          everywhere
ullus      ulla, ullum                  adj              general          any
ultimus    ultima, ultimum              adj              general          furthest, last, utmost
umquam     indeclinable                 adverb           general          ever
una        indeclinable                 adverb           general          together
unda       undae, f                     noun 1           general          wave
unde       indeclinable                 adverb           general          from where, whence
undique    indeclinable                 adverb           general          from all sides, on all sides
urbs       urbis, f                     noun 3           general          city, town, Rome
usque      indeclinable                 adverb           general          all the way, right up to, continuously
usus       usus, m                      noun 4           general          use, experience, practice
           usui est                     verb phrase                       it is useful
ut         indeclinable + indic.        conjunction      general          as, where, when, how
ut         indeclinable + subjunc.      conjunction      general          that, so that
uter?      utra, utrum                  pron             general          which (of two)?
uterque    utraque, utrumque            pron             general          each (of two), both
utrum      indeclinable                 adverb           general          whether
utor       uti, usus sum + abl          verb 3 dep       general          use, enjoy
uxor       uxoris, f                    noun 3           domestic         wife
valeo      valere, valui                verb 2           general          be strong, have influence
validus    valida, validum              adj              general          strong, powerful
Latin        Notes                     Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
-ve          indeclinable              conjunction      general          or
vehementer   indeclinable              adverb           general          violently, loudly, strongly
veho         vehere, vexi, vectus      verb 3           general          carry, bear, convey
vel          indeclinable              conjunction      general          or, either
velut        indeclinable              adverb           general          just as, like, as, as if
venio        venire, veni              verb 4           general          come
ventus       venti, m                  noun 2           general          wind
verbum       verbi, n                  noun 2           general          word
vereor       vereri, veritus sum       verb 2 dep       general          fear, be afraid
vero         indeclinable              adverb           general          indeed, in fact, however
verto        vertere, verti, versus    verb 3           general          turn
             terga verto               verb phrase                       retreat
verus        vera, verum               adj              general          true, real
vesper       vesperis or vesperi, m    noun 2 + 3       general          evening
vester       vestra, vestrum           pron             general          your (pl)
vestis       vestis, f                 noun 3           general          clothes
veto         vetare, vetui, vetitus    verb 1           general          forbid, order…not
vetus        veteris                   adj              general          old
via          viae, f                   noun 1           general          street, road, way, path
victor       victoris, m               noun 3           military         victor, conqueror
victoria     victoriae, f              noun 1           military         victory
video        videre, vidi, visus       verb 2           general          see
videor       videri, visus sum         verb 2 dep       general          seem, appear, be seen
villa        villae, f                 noun 1           domestic         country-house, estate, farm
vinco        vincere, vici, victus     verb 3           military         conquer, defeat, win, be victorious
vir          viri, m                   noun 2           general          man, husband
virtus       virtutis, f               noun 3           military         courage, virtue
vis          pl vires, f               noun irreg       military         force, violence; (pl) strength, forces
vita         vitae, f                  noun 1           general          life
vito         vitare, vitavi, vitatus   verb 1           general          avoid
vivo         vivere, vixi              verb 3           general          live, be alive, (+ abl) live on
vivus        viva, vivum               adj              general          alive, living
vix          indeclinable              adverb           general          hardly, scarcely, with difficulty
voco         vocare, vocavi, vocatus   verb 1           general          call, summon, invite, name
volo         velle, volui              verb irreg       general          want, wish, be willing, intend
Latin     Notes                              Part of Speech   Classification   Meaning(s)
vos       vestrum                            pron             general          you (plural)
vox       vocis, f                           noun 3           general          voice, shout, word
vulnero   vulnerare, vulneravi, vulneratus   verb 1           military         wound, injure
vulnus    vulneris, n                        noun 3           military         wound, injury
vultus    vultus, m                          noun 4           general          face, expression
publicus     publica, publicum       adj   political
acer         acris, acre             adj   general
aequus       aequa, aequum           adj   general
altus        alta, altum             adj   general
angustus     angusta, angustum       adj   general
attonitus    attonita, attonitum     adj   general
audax        audacis                 adj   military
bonus        bona, bonum             adj   general
brevis       breve                   adj   general
carus        cara, carum             adj   domestic
celer        celeris, celere         adj   general
certus       certa, certum           adj   general
ceteri       ceterae, cetera         adj   general
clarus       clara, clarum           adj   general
crudelis     crudele                 adj   general
cunctus      cuncta, cunctum         adj   general
cupidus      cupida, cupidum + gen   adj   general
defessus     defessa, defessum       adj   general
dexter       dextra, dextrum         adj   general
difficilis   difficile               adj   general
dignus       digna, dignum + abl     adj   general
diligens     diligentis              adj   general
dirus        dira, dirum             adj   general
dissimilis   dissimile               adj   general
dives        divitis                 adj   general
dubius       dubia, dubium           adj   general
durus        dura, durum             adj   general
facilis      facile                  adj   general
felix        felicis                 adj   general
ferox        ferocis                 adj   military
fidelis      fidele                  adj   general
fortis       forte                   adj   military
gravis       grave                   adj   general
idoneus      idonea, idoneum         adj   general
ingens       ingentis                adj   general
iniquus      iniqua, iniquum         adj   general
insignis      insigne                        adj   general
invitus       invita, invitum                adj   general
iratus        irata, iratum                  adj   general
iustus        iusta, iustum                  adj   legal
laetus        laeta, laetum                  adj   general
latus         lata, latum                    adj   general
lentus        lenta, lentum                  adj   general
levis         leve                           adj   general
libens        libentis                       adj   general
liber         libera, liberum                adj   general
longus        longa, longum                  adj   general
magnus        magna, magnum                  adj   general
malus         mala, malum                    adj   general
medius        media, medium                  adj   general
meus          mea, meum                      adj   general
mirabilis     mirabile                       adj   general
miser         misera, miserum                adj   general
multus        multa, multum                  adj   general
necesse       indeclinable                   adj   general
nobilis       nobile                         adj   political
nonnulli      nonnullae, nonnulla            adj   general
notus         nota, notum                    adj   general
novus         nova, novum                    adj   general
nullus        nulla, nullum                  adj   general
omnis         omne                           adj   general
opportunus    opportuna, opportunum          adj   general
par           paris                          adj   general
parvus        parva, parvum                  adj   general
pauper        pauperis                       adj   general
peritus       perita, peritum + gen or abl   adj   general
perterritus   perterrita, perterritum        adj   general
plenus        plena, plenum                  adj   general
plerique      pleraeque, pleraque            adj   general
postremus     postrema, postremum            adj   general
potens        potentis                       adj   general
primus        prima, primum                  adj   general
prior          prioris               adj          general
proximus       proxima, proximum     adj          general
qualis?        quale                 adj          general
quantus?       quanta, quantum       adj          general
quot?          indeclinable          adj          general
recens         recentis              adj          general
rectus         recta, rectum         adj          general
reliquus       reliqua, reliquum     adj          general
saevus         saeva, saevum         adj          general
sapiens        sapientis             adj          general
satis          indeclinable          adj          general
secundus       secunda, secundum     adj          general
similis        simile                adj          general
sinister       sinistra, sinistrum   adj          general
solus          sola, solum           adj          general
stultus        stulta, stultum       adj          general
summus         summa, summum         adj          general
superus        supera, superum       adj          general
tacitus        tacita, tacitum       adj          general
talis          tale                  adj          general
tantus         tanta, tantum         adj          general
tot            indeclinable          adj          general
totus          tota, totum           adj          general
tristis        triste                adj          general
tutus          tuta, tutum           adj          military
ullus          ulla, ullum           adj          general
ultimus        ultima, ultimum       adj          general
validus        valida, validum       adj          general
verus          vera, verum           adj          general
vetus          veteris               adj          general
vivus          viva, vivum           adj          general
pauci          paucae, pauca         adj plural   general
deinde, dein   indeclinable          adverb       general
               quam + superlative    adverb
adeo           indeclinable          adverb       general
adhuc          indeclinable          adverb       general
adversus                          adverb   general
antea              indeclinable   adverb   general
bene               indeclinable   adverb   general
bis                indeclinable   adverb   general
clam               indeclinable   adverb   general
cotidie            indeclinable   adverb   general
cras               indeclinable   adverb   general
cur?               indeclinable   adverb   general
denique            indeclinable   adverb   general
diu                indeclinable   adverb   general
eo                 indeclinable   adverb   general
ergo               indeclinable   adverb   general
etiam              indeclinable   adverb   general
fere               indeclinable   adverb   general
fortasse           indeclinable   adverb   general
forte              indeclinable   adverb   general
frustra            indeclinable   adverb   general
haud I             ndeclinable    adverb   general
heri               indeclinable   adverb   general
hic                indeclinable   adverb   general
hinc               indeclinable   adverb   general
hodie              indeclinable   adverb   general
huc                indeclinable   adverb   general
iam                indeclinable   adverb   general
ibi                indeclinable   adverb   general
igitur             indeclinable   adverb   general
illic              indeclinable   adverb   general
inde               indeclinable   adverb   general
interea, interim   indeclinable   adverb   general
ita                indeclinable   adverb   general
ita vero           indeclinable   adverb   general
itaque             indeclinable   adverb   general
iterum             indeclinable   adverb   general
magnopere          indeclinable   adverb   general
mane               indeclinable   adverb   general
modo               indeclinable   adverb   general
mox               indeclinable   adverb   general
ne ... quidem i   ndeclinable    adverb   general
non               indeclinable   adverb   general
nondum            indeclinable   adverb   general
nonne?            indeclinable   adverb   general
num               indeclinable   adverb   general
numquam           indeclinable   adverb   general
nunc              indeclinable   adverb   general
olim              indeclinable   adverb   general
paene             indeclinable   adverb   general
palam             indeclinable   adverb   general
passim            indeclinable   adverb   general
paulatim          indeclinable   adverb   general
paulisper         indeclinable   adverb   general
paulum, paulo     indeclinable   adverb   general
post              indeclinable   adverb   general
postea            indeclinable   adverb   general
postridie         indeclinable   adverb   general
potius            indeclinable   adverb   general
praeterea         indeclinable   adverb   general
prius             indeclinable   adverb   general
procul            indeclinable   adverb   general
quam              indeclinable   adverb   general
quando?           indeclinable   adverb   general
quasi             indeclinable   adverb   general
quidem            indeclinable   adverb   general
quo?              indeclinable   adverb   general
quomodo?          indeclinable   adverb   general
quotiens          indeclinable   adverb   general
repente           indeclinable   adverb   general
rursus            indeclinable   adverb   general
saepe             indeclinable   adverb   general
semel             indeclinable   adverb   general
semper            indeclinable   adverb   general
sic               indeclinable   adverb   general
sicut             indeclinable   adverb   general
simul        indeclinable             adverb        general
solum        indeclinable             adverb        general
statim       indeclinable             adverb        general
subito       indeclinable             adverb        general
tam          indeclinable             adverb        general
tamen        indeclinable             adverb        general
tandem       indeclinable             adverb        general
tantum       indeclinable             adverb        general
tum          indeclinable             adverb        general
ubi          indeclinable             adverb        general
ubique       indeclinable             adverb        general
umquam       indeclinable             adverb        general
una          indeclinable             adverb        general
unde         indeclinable             adverb        general
undique      indeclinable             adverb        general
usque        indeclinable             adverb        general
utrum        indeclinable             adverb        general
vehementer   indeclinable             adverb        general
velut        indeclinable             adverb        general
vero         indeclinable             adverb        general
vix          indeclinable             adverb        general
             non iam (indeclinable)   adverb        general
             omnino                   adverb        general
magis        indeclinable             comp adverb   general
ac, atque    indeclinable             conjunction   general
an           indeclinable             conjunction   general
antequam     indeclinable             conjunction   general
at           indeclinable             conjunction   general
aut          indeclinable             conjunction   general
autem        indeclinable             conjunction   general
cum          indeclinable             conjunction   general
dum          indeclinable             conjunction   general
enim         indeclinable             conjunction   general
et           indeclinable             conjunction   general
etsi         indeclinable             conjunction   general
nam          indeclinable             conjunction   general
ne           indeclinable                conjunction   general
nec, neque   indeclinable                conjunction   general
nisi         indeclinable                conjunction   general
postquam     indeclinable                conjunction   general
priusquam    indeclinable                conjunction   general
quamquam     indeclinable                conjunction   general
-que         indeclinable                conjunction   general
quia         indeclinable                conjunction   general
quoad        indeclinable                conjunction   general
quod         indeclinable                conjunction   general
quoniam      indeclinable                conjunction   general
quoque       indeclinable                conjunction   general
sed          indeclinable                conjunction   general
si           indeclinable                conjunction   general
simulac,     (simulatque) indeclinable   conjunction   general
sive, seu    indeclinable                conjunction   general
ut           indeclinable + indic.       conjunction   general
ut           indeclinable + subjunc.     conjunction   general
-ve          indeclinable                conjunction   general
vel          indeclinable                conjunction   general
             quod si                     conjunction
iuvenis      iuvenis                     noun & adj    general
dea          deae, f                     noun 1        religious
filia        filiae, f                   noun 1        domestic
amica        amicae f                    noun 1        general
aqua         aquae, f                    noun 1        general
aquila       aquilae, f                  noun 1        military
ara          arae, f                     noun 1        religious
causa        causae, f                   noun 1        legal
copiae       copiarum, f pl              noun 1        military
culpa        culpae, f                   noun 1        general
cura         curae, f                    noun 1        general
dextra       dextrae, f                  noun 1        general
divitiae     divitiarum, f pl            noun 1        general
epistula     epistulae, f                noun 1        general
fama         famae, f                    noun 1        general
familia     familiae, f                                  noun 1   domestic
femina      feminae, f                                   noun 1   general
flamma      flammae, f                                   noun 1   general
fortuna     fortunae, f                                  noun 1   religious
fossa       fossae, f                                    noun 1   military
fuga        fugae, f                                     noun 1   military
gratia      gratiae, f                                   noun 1   general
hasta       hastae, f                                    noun 1   military
hora        horae, f                                     noun 1   general
iniuria     iniuriae, f                                  noun 1   legal
inopia      inopiae, f                                   noun 1   military
insidiae    insidiarum, f pl                             noun 1   military
insula      insulae, f                                   noun 1   domestic
ira         irae, f                                      noun 1   general
littera     litterae, f (usually pl. with sg. meaning)   noun 1   general
mora        morae, f                                     noun 1   general
natura      naturae, f                                   noun 1   general
nauta       nautae, m                                    noun 1   military
opera       operae, f                                    noun 1   general
ora         orae, f                                      noun 1   general
patria      patriae, f                                   noun 1   political
pecunia     pecuniae, f                                  noun 1   general
poena       poenae, f                                    noun 1   legal
porta       portae, f                                    noun 1   general
praeda      praedae, f                                   noun 1   military
provincia   provinciae, f                                noun 1   political
puella      puellae, f                                   noun 1   general
pugna       pugnae, f                                    noun 1   military
regina      reginae, f                                   noun 1   political
ripa        ripae, f                                     noun 1   general
sapientia   sapientiae, f                                noun 1   general
sententia   sententiae, f                                noun 1   legal
silva       silvae, f                                    noun 1   general
sinistra    sinistrae, f                                 noun 1   general
terra       terrae, f                                    noun 1   general
turba       turbae, f                                    noun 1   general
unda          undae, f          noun 1   general
via           viae, f           noun 1   general
victoria      victoriae, f      noun 1   military
villa         villae, f         noun 1   domestic
vita          vitae, f          noun 1   general
causa + gen                     noun 1   general
aedificium    aedificii, n      noun 2   general
caelum        caeli, n          noun 2   religious
murus         muri, m           noun 2   general
ager          agri, m           noun 2   general
amicus        amici m           noun 2   general
animus        animi, m          noun 2   general
annus         anni, m           noun 2   general
argentum      argenti, n        noun 2   general
arma          armorum, n pl     noun 2   military
auxilium      auxilii, n        noun 2   military
bellum        belli, n          noun 2   military
beneficium    beneficii, n      noun 2   general
bona          bonorum, n pl     noun 2   general
campus        campi, m          noun 2   military
captivus      captivi, m        noun 2   military
castra        castrorum, n pl   noun 2   military
cibus         cibi, m           noun 2   domestic
consilium     consilii, n       noun 2   political
deus          dei, m            noun 2   religious
dolus         doli, m           noun 2   general
dominus       domini, m         noun 2   domestic
donum         doni, n           noun 2   general
equus         equi, m           noun 2   military
exemplum      exempli, n        noun 2   general
exilium       exilii, n         noun 2   political
exitium       exitii, n         noun 2   general
ferrum        ferri, n          noun 2   military
filius        filii, m          noun 2   domestic
forum         fori, n           noun 2   general
frumentum     frumenti, n       noun 2   general
gaudium      gaudii, n          noun 2   general
gladius      gladii, m          noun 2   military
hiberna      hibernorum, n pl   noun 2   military
humus        humi, f            noun 2   general
imperium     imperii, n         noun 2   political
incendium    incendii, m        noun 2   general
ingenium     ingenii, n         noun 2   general
inimicus     inimici, m         noun 2   general
initium      initii, n          noun 2   general
legatus      legati, m          noun 2   military
liber        libri, m           noun 2   general
liberi       liberorum, m pl    noun 2   domestic
libertus     liberti, m         noun 2   legal
locus        loci, m            noun 2   general
magister     magistri, m        noun 2   general
modus        modi, m            noun 2   general
morbus       morbi, m           noun 2   general
negotium     negotii, n         noun 2   general
numerus      numeri, m          noun 2   general
nuntius      nuntii, m          noun 2   military
oculus       oculi, m           noun 2   general
odium        odii, n            noun 2   general
officium     officii, n         noun 2   political
oppidum      oppidi, n          noun 2   military
otium        otii, n            noun 2   general
periculum    periculi, n        noun 2   general
pilum        pili, n            noun 2   military
populus      populi, m          noun 2   political
praemium     praemii, n         noun 2   general
praesidium   praesidii, n       noun 2   military
pretium      pretii, n          noun 2   general
proelium     proelii, n         noun 2   military
puer         pueri, m           noun 2   general
regnum       regni, n           noun 2   political
responsum    responsi, n        noun 2   general
scutum       scuti, n           noun 2   military
servus       servi, m                 noun 2       domestic
signum       signi, n                 noun 2       military
silentium    silentii, n              noun 2       general
socius       socii, m                 noun 2       military
somnus       somni, m                 noun 2       general
sonus        soni, m                  noun 2       general
spatium      spatii, n                noun 2       general
spolium      spolii, n                noun 2       military
studium      studii, n                noun 2       general
tectum       tecti, n                 noun 2       general
telum        teli, n                  noun 2       military
templum      templi, n                noun 2       religious
tergum       tergi, n                 noun 2       military
ventus       venti, m                 noun 2       general
verbum       verbi, n                 noun 2       general
vir          viri, m                  noun 2       general
vesper       vesperis or vesperi, m   noun 2 + 3   general
(ops)        opis, f                  noun 3       military
adulescens   adulescentis, m          noun 3       general
agmen        agminis, n               noun 3       military
amor         amoris, m                noun 3       general
arbor        arboris, f               noun 3       general
ars          artis, f                 noun 3       general
caedes       caedis, f                noun 3       military
canis        canis, m and f           noun 3       domestic
caput        capitis, n               noun 3       general
centurio     centurionis, m           noun 3       military
certamen     certaminis, n            noun 3       military
civis        civis, m and f           noun 3       political
civitas      civitatis, f             noun 3       political
clades       cladis, f                noun 3       military
clamor       clamoris, m              noun 3       general
cohors       cohortis, f              noun 3       military
comes        comitis, m and f         noun 3       military
coniunx      coniugis, m and f        noun 3       domestic
consul       consulis, m              noun 3       political
corpus      corporis, n         noun 3   general
crimen      criminis, n         noun 3   legal
custos      custodis, m and f   noun 3   military
dignitas    dignitatis, f       noun 3   political
dolor       doloris, m          noun 3   general
dux         ducis, m            noun 3   military
eques       equitis, m          noun 3   military
facinus     facinoris, n        noun 3   legal
finis       finis, m            noun 3   general
flumen      fluminis, n         noun 3   general
foedus      foederis, n         noun 3   military
frater      fratris, m          noun 3   domestic
frigus      frigoris, n         noun 3   general
furor       furoris, m          noun 3   general
gens        gentis, f           noun 3   general
genus       generis, n          noun 3   general
hiems       hiemis, f           noun 3   general
homo        hominis, m          noun 3   general
honor       honoris, m          noun 3   military
hospes      hospitis, m         noun 3   domestic
hostis      hostis, m           noun 3   military
ignis       ignis, m            noun 3   general
imperator   imperatoris, m      noun 3   political
iter        itineris, n         noun 3   military
iudex       iudicis, m and f    noun 3   legal
labor       laboris, m          noun 3   general
latus       lateris, n          noun 3   military
laus        laudis, f           noun 3   general
legio       legionis, f         noun 3   military
lex         legis, f            noun 3   political
libertas    libertatis, f       noun 3   legal
litus       litoris, n          noun 3   general
lux         lucis, f            noun 3   general
mare        maris, n            noun 3   general
mater       matris, f           noun 3   domestic
mens        mentis, f           noun 3   general
mensis      mensis, m           noun 3   general
mercator    mercatoris, m       noun 3   general
miles       militis, m          noun 3   military
moenia      moenium, n pl       noun 3   military
mons        montis, m           noun 3   general
mors        mortis, f           noun 3   military
mos         moris, m            noun 3   general
mulier      mulieris, f         noun 3   general
multitudo   multitudinis, f     noun 3   general
munus       muneris, n          noun 3   military
navis       navis, f            noun 3   military
nomen       nominis, n          noun 3   general
nox         noctis, f           noun 3   general
obses       obsidis m and f     noun 3   military
occasio     occasionis, f       noun 3   general
onus        oneris, n           noun 3   general
opus        operis, n           noun 3   general
oratio      orationis, f        noun 3   legal
ordo        ordinis, m          noun 3   military
os          oris, n             noun 3   general
parens      parentis, m and f   noun 3   domestic
pars        partis, f           noun 3   general
pater       patris, m           noun 3   domestic
pax         pacis, f            noun 3   military
pedes       peditis, m          noun 3   military
pes         pedis, m            noun 3   general
plebs       plebis, f           noun 3   political
pons        pontis, m           noun 3   general
potestas    potestatis, f       noun 3   political
praetor     praetoris, m        noun 3   political
princeps    principis, m        noun 3   political
pudor       pudoris, m          noun 3   general
quies       quietis, f          noun 3   general
ratio       rationis, f         noun 3   general
rex         regis, m            noun 3   political
rus         ruris, n            noun 3   general
sacerdos    sacerdotis, m and f       noun 3   religious
salus       salutis, f                noun 3   general
sanguis     sanguinis, m              noun 3   general
scelus      sceleris, n               noun 3   legal
sedes       sedis, f                  noun 3   domestic
senator     senatoris, m              noun 3   political
senex       senis, m                  noun 3   general
sol         solis, m                  noun 3   general
soror       sororis, f                noun 3   domestic
tempestas   tempestatis, f            noun 3   general
tempus      temporis, n               noun 3   general
terror      terroris, m               noun 3   general
timor       timoris, m                noun 3   general
urbs        urbis, f                  noun 3   general
uxor        uxoris, f                 noun 3   domestic
vestis      vestis, f                 noun 3   general
victor      victoris, m               noun 3   military
virtus      virtutis, f               noun 3   military
vox         vocis, f                  noun 3   general
vulnus      vulneris, n               noun 3   military
domus       domus, f                  noun 4   domestic
exercitus   exercitus, m              noun 4   military
impetus     impetus, m                noun 4   military
manus       manus, f                  noun 4   military
metus       metus, m                  noun 4   general
passus      passus, m                 noun 4   general
portus      portus, m                 noun 4   general
senatus     senatus, m                noun 4   political
tumultus    tumultus, m               noun 4   military
usus        usus, m                   noun 4   general
vultus      vultus, m                 noun 4   general
acies       aciei, f                  noun 5   military
dies        diei, m, occasionally f   noun 5   general
fides       fidei, f                  noun 5   general
res         rei, f                    noun 5   general
spes        spei, f                   noun 5   general
nemo             nullius           noun irreg      general
nihil            indeclinable      noun irreg      general
vis              pl vires, f       noun irreg      military
res publica      rei publicae, f   noun phrase     political
navis longa                        noun phrase     military
navis oneraria                     noun phrase     military
noctu                              noun phrase
mille passus                       noun phrase
-ne              indeclinable      particle        general
a, ab            + abl             prep            general
ad               + acc             prep            general
adversus         + acc             prep            general
ante             + acc             prep            general
apud             + acc             prep            domestic
circum, circa    + acc             prep            general
contra           + acc             prep            military
cum              + abl             prep            general
de               + abl             prep            general
e, ex            + abl             prep            general
erga             + acc             prep            general
in               + abl             prep            general
in               + acc             prep            general
inter, intra     + acc             prep            general
ob               + acc             prep            general
per              + acc             prep            general
post             + acc             prep            general
praeter          + acc             prep            general
pro              + abl             prep            general
prope            + acc             prep            general
propter          + acc             prep            general
sine             + abl             prep            general
sub              + abl or + acc    prep            general
trans            + acc             prep            general
extra            + acc             prep & adverb   general
infra            indeclinable      prep & adverb   general
vos              vestrum           pron            general
aliquis       aliquid                               pron           general
ego           mei                                   pron           general
hic           haec, hoc                             pron           general
idem          eadem, idem                           pron           general
ille          illa, illud                           pron           general
ipse          ipsa, ipsum                           pron           general
is            ea, id                                pron           general
nos           nostrum                               pron           general
noster        nostra, nostrum                       pron           general
qui           quae, quod                            pron           general
quidam        quaedam, quoddam                      pron           general
quis?         quid                                  pron           general
quisquam      quicquam                              pron           general
quisque       quaeque, quidque                      pron           general
quisquis      quicquid                              pron           general
se            sui                                   pron           general
suus          sua, suum                             pron           general
tu            tui                                   pron           general
tuus          tua, tuum                             pron           general
uter?         utra, utrum                           pron           general
uterque       utraque, utrumque                     pron           general
vester        vestra, vestrum                       pron           general
              alii ... alii                         pron           general
alius         alia, aliud                           pron and adj   general
alter         altera, alterum                       pron and adj   general
adiuvo        adiuvare, adiuvi, adiutus             verb 1         general
aedifico      aedificare, aedificavi, aedificatus   verb 1         general
ambulo        ambulare, ambulavi                    verb 1         general
amo           amare, amavi, amatus                  verb 1         general
appropinquo   appropinquare, appropinquavi +dat     verb 1         general
celo          celare, celavi, celatus               verb 1         general
clamo         clamare, clamavi, clamatus            verb 1         general
cogito        cogitare, cogitavi, cogitatus         verb 1         general
comparo       comparare, comparavi, comparatus      verb 1         general
condemno      condemnare, condemnavi, condemnatus   verb 1         legal
curo          curare, curavi, curatus               verb 1         general
despero    desperare, desperavi, desperatus      verb 1   general
do         dare, dedi, datus                     verb 1   general
dubito     dubitare, dubitavi, dubitatus         verb 1   general
erro       errare, erravi, erratus               verb 1   general
excito     excitare, excitavi, excitatus         verb 1   general
exspecto   exspectare, exspectavi, exspectatus   verb 1   general
festino    festinare, festinavi                  verb 1   general
habito     habitare, habitavi, habitatus         verb 1   domestic
ignoro     ignorare, ignoravi, ignoratus         verb 1   general
impero     imperare, imperavi, imperatus +dat    verb 1   military
incito     incitare, incitavi, incitatus         verb 1   military
intro      intrare, intravi, intratus            verb 1   general
invito     invitare, invitavi, invitatus         verb 1   general
iuvo       iuvare, iuvi, iutus                   verb 1   general
laboro     laborare, laboravi, laboratus         verb 1   general
laudo      laudare, laudavi, laudatus            verb 1   general
libero     liberare, liberavi, liberatus         verb 1   legal
mando      mandare, mandavi, mandatus            verb 1   general
monstro    monstrare, monstravi, monstratus      verb 1   general
muto       mutare, mutavi, mutatus               verb 1   general
narro      narrare, narravi, narratus            verb 1   general
navigo     navigare, navigavi                    verb 1   military
neco       necare, necavi, necatus               verb 1   military
nego       negare, negavi, negatus               verb 1   general
nuntio     nuntiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatus         verb 1   general
occupo     occupare, occupavi, occupatus         verb 1   military
oppugno    oppugnare, oppugnavi, oppugnatus      verb 1   military
orno       ornare, ornavi, ornatus               verb 1   general
oro        orare, oravi, oratus                  verb 1   general
paro       parare, paravi, paratus               verb 1   general
porto      portare, portavi, portatus            verb 1   general
postulo    postulare, postulavi, postulatus      verb 1   general
pugno      pugnare, pugnavi                      verb 1   military
puto       putare, putavi, putatus               verb 1   general
recito     recitare, recitavi, recitatus         verb 1   general
rogo       rogare, rogavi, rogatus               verb 1   general
saluto      salutare, salutavi, salutatus      verb 1   general
servo       servare, servavi, servatus         verb 1   general
specto      spectare, spectavi, spectatus      verb 1   general
spero       sperare, speravi, speratus         verb 1   general
sto         stare, steti                       verb 1   general
supero      superare, superavi, superatus      verb 1   military
veto        vetare, vetui, vetitus             verb 1   general
vito        vitare, vitavi, vitatus            verb 1   general
voco        vocare, vocavi, vocatus            verb 1   general
vulnero     vulnerare, vulneravi, vulneratus   verb 1   military
appareo     apparere, apparui                  verb 2   general
augeo       augere, auxi, auctus               verb 2   general
caveo       cavere, cavi, cautus               verb 2   general
debeo       debere, debui, debitus             verb 2   general
deleo       delere, delevi, deletus            verb 2   military
doceo       docere, docui, doctus              verb 2   general
doleo       dolere, dolui                      verb 2   general
egeo        egere, egui + gen or abl           verb 2   general
faveo       favere, favi, + dat                verb 2   general
gaudeo      gaudere, gavisus sum               verb 2   general
habeo       habere, habui, habitus             verb 2   general
iaceo       iacere, iacui                      verb 2   general
iubeo       iubere, iussi, iussus              verb 2   general
maneo       manere, mansi                      verb 2   general
moneo       monere, monui, monitus             verb 2   general
moveo       movere, movi, motus                verb 2   general
noceo       nocere, nocui + dat                verb 2   general
obsideo     obsidere, obsedi, obsessus         verb 2   military
pareo       parere, parui + dat                verb 2   general
persuadeo   persuadere, persuasi + dat         verb 2   general
praebeo     praebere, praebui, praebitus       verb 2   general
respondeo   respondere, respondi, responsus    verb 2   general
retineo     retinere, retinui, retentus        verb 2   general
teneo       tenere, tenui, tentus              verb 2   general
terreo      terrere, terrui, territus          verb 2   general
timeo       timere, timui                      verb 2   general
valeo         valere, valui                             verb 2   general
video         videre, vidi, visus                       verb 2   general
accido        accidere, accidi                          verb 3   general
accipio       accipere, accepi, acceptus                verb 3   general
addo          addere, addidi, additus                   verb 3   general
adimo         adimere, ademi, ademptus                  verb 3   general
ago           agere, egi, actus                         verb 3   general
amitto        amittere, amisi, amissus                  verb 3   general
animadverto   animadvertere, animadverti,animadversus   verb 3   general
arcesso       arcessere, arcessivi, arcessitus          verb 3   general
ascendo       ascendere, ascendi, ascensus              verb 3   general
aufero        auferre, abstuli, ablatus                 verb 3   general
cado          cadere, cecidi, casus                     verb 3   general
cano          canere, cecini, cantus                    verb 3   general
capio         capere, cepi, captus                      verb 3   military
cedo          cedere, cessi, cessus                     verb 3   military
cerno         cernere, crevi, cretus                    verb 3   general
cingo         cingere, cinxi, cinctus                   verb 3   general
cognosco      cognoscere, cognovi, cognitus             verb 3   general
cogo          cogere, coegi, coactus                    verb 3   general
colo          colere, colui, cultus                     verb 3   general
committo      committere, commisi, commissus            verb 3   military
condo         condere, condidi, conditus                verb 3   general
conficio      conficere, confeci, confectus             verb 3   general
confido       confidere, confisus sum + dat             verb 3   general
consisto      consistere, constiti, constitus           verb 3   military
conspicio     conspicere, conspexi, conspectus          verb 3   general
constituo     constituere, constitui, constitutus       verb 3   general
consulo       consulere, consului, consultus            verb 3   general
consumo       consumere, consumpsi, consumptus          verb 3   general
contendo      contendere, contendi, contentus           verb 3   military
corripio      corripere, corripui, correptus            verb 3   military
credo         credere, credidi, creditus + dat          verb 3   general
cupio         cupere, cupivi, cupitus                   verb 3   general
curro         currere, cucurri, cursus                  verb 3   general
decipio       decipere, decepi, deceptus                verb 3   general
defendo      defendere, defendi, defensus                verb 3   military
descendo     descendere, descendi, descensus             verb 3   general
desino       desinere, desii, desitus                    verb 3   general
dico         dicere, dixi, dictus                        verb 3   general
dimitto      dimittere, dimisi, dimissus                 verb 3   military
discedo      discedere, discessi                         verb 3   general
disco        discere, didici                             verb 3   general
divido       dividere, divisi, divisus                   verb 3   general
duco         ducere, duxi, ductus                        verb 3   military
efficio      efficere, effeci, effectus                  verb 3   general
effugio      effugere, effugi                            verb 3   military
emo          emere, emi, emptus                          verb 3   general
excipio      excipere, excepi, exceptus                  verb 3   general
facio        facere, feci, factus                        verb 3   general
fallo        fallere, fefelli, falsus                    verb 3   general
fodio        fodere, fodi, fossus                        verb 3   military
frango       frangere, fregi, fractus                    verb 3   general
fugio        fugere, fugi                                verb 3   military
fundo        fundere, fudi, fusus                        verb 3   military
gero         gerere, gessi, gestus                       verb 3   military
iacio        iacere, ieci, iactus (in compounds -icio)   verb 3   military
incendo      incendere, incendi, incensus                verb 3   general
incipio      incipere, incepi, inceptus                  verb 3   general
inspicio     inspicere, inspexi, inspectus               verb 3   military
instruo      instruere, instruxi, instructus             verb 3   military
intellego    intellegere, intellexi, intellectus         verb 3   general
interficio   interficere, interfeci, interfectus         verb 3   military
iungo        iungere, iunxi, iunctus                     verb 3   general
laedo        laedere, laesi, laesus                      verb 3   military
lego         legere, legi, lectus                        verb 3   general
mitto        mittere, misi, missus                       verb 3   general
neglego      neglegere, neglexi, neglectus               verb 3   general
novi         notus                                       verb 3   general
occido       occidere, occidi, occisus                   verb 3   military
omitto       omittere, omisi, omissus                    verb 3   general
opprimo      opprimere, oppressi, oppressus              verb 3   military
ostendo     ostendere, ostendi, ostentus       verb 3   general
parco       parcere, peperci + dat             verb 3   military
pario       parere, peperi, partus             verb 3   general
pello       pellere, pepuli, pulsus            verb 3   military
perdo       perdere, perdidi, perditus         verb 3   general
perficio    perficere, perfeci, perfectus      verb 3   general
permitto    permittere, permisi, permissus     verb 3   general
peto        petere, petivi, petitus            verb 3   general
pono        ponere, posui, positus             verb 3   general
posco       poscere, poposci                   verb 3   general
praeficio   praeficere, praefeci, praefectus   verb 3   military
procedo     procedere, processi                verb 3   general
prodo       prodere, prodidi, proditus         verb 3   military
promitto    promittere, promisi, promissus     verb 3   general
quaero      quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitus      verb 3   general
rapio       rapere, rapui, raptus              verb 3   military
recipio     recipere, recepi, receptus         verb 3   general
reddo       reddere, reddidi, redditus         verb 3   general
reficio     reficere, refeci, refectus         verb 3   general
rego        regere, rexi, rectus               verb 3   political
relinquo    relinquere, reliqui, relictus      verb 3   general
resisto     resistere, restiti + dat           verb 3   military
restituo    restituere, restitui, restitutus   verb 3   general
rumpo       rumpere, rupi, ruptus              verb 3   general
scribo      scribere, scripsi, scriptus        verb 3   general
sino        sinere, sivi, situs                verb 3   general
solvo       solvere, solvi, solutus            verb 3   military
sperno      spernere, sprevi, spretus          verb 3   general
statuo      statuere, statui, statutus         verb 3   general
sumo        sumere, sumpsi, sumptus            verb 3   general
surgo       surgere, surrexi                   verb 3   general
suscipio    suscipere, suscepi, susceptus      verb 3   general
tango       tangere, tetigi, tactus            verb 3   general
tego        tegere, texi, tectus               verb 3   general
tollo       tollere, sustuli, sublatus         verb 3   general
trado       tradere, tradidi, traditus         verb 3   general
traho       trahere, traxi, tractus            verb 3           general
veho        vehere, vexi, vectus               verb 3           general
verto       vertere, verti, versus             verb 3           general
vinco       vincere, vici, victus              verb 3           military
vivo        vivere, vixi                       verb 3           general
advenio     advenire, adveni                   verb 4           general
aperio      aperire, aperui, apertus           verb 4           general
audio       audire, audivi, auditus            verb 4           general
custodio    custodire, custodivi, custoditus   verb 4           military
dormio      dormire, dormivi                   verb 4           domestic
impedio     impedire, impedivi, impeditus      verb 4           military
invenio     invenire, inveni, inventus         verb 4           general
munio       munire, munivi, munitus            verb 4           military
nescio      nescire, nescivi                   verb 4           general
pervenio    pervenire, perveni                 verb 4           general
potior      potiri, potitus sum + gen or abl   verb 4           general
punio       punire, punivi, punitus            verb 4           legal
scio        scire, scivi, scitus               verb 4           general
sentio      sentire, sensi, sensus             verb 4           general
venio       venire, veni                       verb 4           general
coepi       coepisse, coeptus                  verb defective   general
conor       conari, conatus sum                verb dep 1 dep   general
hortor      hortari, hortatus sum              verb dep 1 dep   military
minor       minari, minatus sum + dat          verb dep 1 dep   military
miror       mirari, miratus sum                verb dep 1 dep   general
moror       morari, moratus sum                verb dep 1 dep   general
precor      precari, precatus sum              verb dep 1 dep   religious
suspicor    suspicari, suspicatus sum          verb dep 1 dep   legal
polliceor   polliceri, pollicitus sum          verb dep 2       general
vereor      vereri, veritus sum                verb dep 2       general
videor      videri, visus sum                  verb dep 2       general
adipiscor   adipisci, adeptus sum              verb dep 3       general
aggredior   aggredi, aggressus sum             verb dep 3       military
egredior    egredi, egressus sum               verb dep 3       general
ingredior   ingredi, ingressus sum             verb dep 3       general
labor       labi, lapsus sum                   verb dep 3       general
loquor        loqui, locutus sum                 verb dep 3       general
morior        mori, mortuus sum                  verb dep 3       military
obliviscor    oblivisci, oblitus sum             verb dep 3       general
patior        pati, passus sum                   verb dep 3       general
proficiscor   proficisci, profectus sum          verb dep 3       general
progredior    progredi, progressus sum           verb dep 3       general
queror        queri, questus sum                 verb dep 3       general
regredior     regredi, regressus sum             verb dep 3       general
sequor        sequi, secutus sum                 verb dep 3       general
utor          uti, usus sum + abl                verb dep 3       general
nascor        nasci, natus sum                   verb dep 3       general
orior         oriri, ortus sum                   verb dep 4       general
fido          fidere, fisus sum                  verb semidep     general
soleo         solere, solitus sum                verb semidep 2   general
audeo         audere, ausus sum                  verb semidep.    military
absum         abesse, afui                       verb irreg       general
adsum         adesse, adfui                      verb irreg       general
confero       conferre, contuli, conlatus        verb irreg       general
eo            ire, i(v)i                         verb irreg       general
fero          ferre, tuli, latus                 verb irreg       general
fio           fieri, factus sum                  verb irreg       general
infero        inferre, intuli, illatus/inlatus   verb irreg       military
inquam        inquit, inquiunt                   verb irreg       general
malo          malle, malui                       verb irreg       general
nolo          nolle, nolui                       verb irreg       general
odi           odisse                             verb irreg       general
offero        offerre, obtuli, oblatus           verb irreg       general
pereo         perire, perii                      verb irreg       general
possum        posse, potui                       verb irreg       general
praesum       praeesse, praefui + dat            verb irreg       military
redeo         redire, redii                      verb irreg       general
refero        referre, rettuli, relatus          verb irreg       general
sum           esse, fui                          verb irreg       general
supersum      superesse, superfui                verb irreg       general
volo          velle, volui                       verb irreg       general
gratias ago                                      verb phrase      general
odio est + dat                                              verb phrase
operam do                                                   verb phrase     general
opus est + abl (impersonal)   opus esse, opus fuit + abl.   verb phrase     general
poenas do                                                   verb phrase
pedem/me refero                                             verb phrase
navem solvo                                                 verb phrase
usui est                                                    verb phrase
terga verto                                                 verb phrase
obviam eo                     ire, i(v)i + dat              verb phrase     military
certiorem facere                                            verb phrase     general
gratias ago                                                 verb phrase     general
signa inferre                                               verb phrase     military
bellum inferre                                              verb phrase     military
me recipio                                                  verb phrase     military
oportet                       oportere, oportuit                            general
                                                            verb 2 impersonal
placet                        placere, placuit + dat                        general
                                                            verb 2 impersonal
licet                         licere, licuit + dat          verb impersonal general
public, common
keen, sharp, fierce
equal, fair, favourable, calm
high, deep
narrow, confined
astonished, thunder-struck
bold, daring
good
short, brief
dear
quick
certain, sure, fixed
the rest, the other
clear, famous, distinguished
cruel
all, whole
eager (for), greedy
tired
right, on the right, right hand
difficult
worthy (of), deserving (of)
careful, diligent
dreadful
different
rich
doubtful, wavering
hard, harsh, rough
easy
fortunate, happy, prosperous
fierce, cruel, brave
trustworthy, faithful, loyal
brave, strong, bold
heavy, serious, painful, important
suitable, convenient
huge
unfair, unjust, unfavourable
distinguished, glorious
unwillling, reluctant
angry
right, just, lawful, complete
happy, glad
wide, broad
slow
light, slight
willing, glad
free
long
big, large, great
evil, bad
middle (of)
my
strange, wonderful
miserable, wretched, sad
much, many
necessary
noble, famous
some, several
known, well-known, famous
new, fresh, recent
no, none, not any
all, every
suitable, opportune
equal
small
poor
skilled (in)
very frightened
full, filled
most, the majority
last
powerful
first, chief
previous, former
nearest, next, last
what sort of?
how big? how much?
how many?
recent, fresh
straight, direct, right, proper
the rest of, the other
savage, cruel
wise, sensible
enough
following, next, second, favourable
similar, like
left, on the left, unfavourable
alone, only, alone
stupid, foolish
highest, greatest, top (of)
upper, higher
quiet, silent, in silence
such
so great, such a great, so much
so many
the whole, entire, all
sad, gloomy, grim
safe
any
furthest, last, utmost
strong, powerful
true, real
old
alive, living
few, a few
then, next, afterwards
as ... as possible
so much, so greatly, to such an extent
till now, still
against, opposite
before, previously
well
twice
secretly
every day, daily
tomorrow
why?
at last, finally, in short
for a long time
thither
therefore
also, even, still
nearly, about
perhaps
by chance
in vain
not
yesterday
here
from here, hence, henceforth
today
here, to this place
now, already
there, then
therefore, and so
there
from there, thereupon, next
meanwhile, in the meantime
in this way, so, thus
yes
and so, therefore
again
very much, greatly
in the morning, early
just now, only
soon
not ... even
not
not yet
surely?
surely…not, whether
never
now
once, formerly, one day
almost, nearly
openly
in all directions, far and wide
gradually, little by little
for a short time
a little, somewhat
afterwards, next
afterwards, then
on the next day
rather, more
besides, moreover, in addition
before, previously
far away, distant
how, than, as
when?
as if, just as, nearly
indeed, in fact, however
where to?
how? in what way?
how often? as often as
suddenly
back, again
often
once
always
thus, in this way
just as, like, as, as if
at the same time, together
only
at once, immediately
suddenly
so
however, nevertheless, yet
at last, finally
only
then, next
where? where, when
everywhere
ever
together
from where, whence
from all sides, on all sides
all the way, right up to, continuously
whether
violently, loudly, strongly
just as, like, as, as if
indeed, in fact, however
hardly, scarcely, with difficulty
no longer
altogether, at all, entirely
more, rather
and
or
before
but
or, either
but, however
when, since, although
while, until
for
and, both
although
for
lest, that not
and not, nor, neither
unless, if not, except
after, when
before, until
although
and
because
as long as, until
because, (as to) the fact that
since
also, too
but
if
as soon as
or if, whether
as, where, when, how
that, so that
or
or, either
but if
young man, young
goddess
daughter
girl-friend
water
eagle, standard
altar
cause, reason, case
troops, forces, supplies
fault, blame
care, charge, anxiety
right hand, right side
riches, wealth
letter
rumour, fame, glory
family, household
woman
blaze, flame, passion
fate, luck, fortune (good or bad)
ditch, trench
flight, escape
favour, thanks, esteem
spear
hour
injustice, injury, wrong
shortage, lack, poverty
ambush, trap, trick
island
anger
letter
delay
nature
sailor
work, effort, attention, trouble
coast
homeland, native land
money
punishment, penalty
gate
booty, plunder
province
girl
fight, battle
queen
bank
wisdom, good sense
opinion, judgement, sentence
wood, forest
left hand, left side
ground, land, earth
crowd, mob, disturbance, multitude
wave
street, road, way, path
victory
country-house, estate, farm
life
for the sake of
building
sky, heaven
wall, rampart
field, land, territory
friend
spirit, soul, mind, courage
year
silver, money
arms, weapons, armour
help; (pl ) (auxiliary) troops
war
kindness, service, favour
goods, possessions, property
plain, field
captive, prisoner
camp
food
council, plan, advice, prudence
god
trick, fraud
master
gift, present
horse
example, precedent
exile
ruin, destruction
iron, sword
son
forum, market place
corn, grain
joy, delight
sword
winter quarters
ground, earth
command, power, empire
fire
character, ability
(personal) enemy
beginning
(legionary) commander, ambassador, envoy
book
children
freedman, ex-slave
place, position, situation, opportunity
teacher, master
manner, way, kind
sickness, disease
business
number
messenger, message, news
eye
hatred
duty, task, function
town
leisure, idleness, peace
danger
javelin
people, nation
prize, reward
protection, garrison, fortification
price, value
battle
boy
kingdom, reign, rule
answer, reply
shield
slave
sign, signal, standard
silence
ally, comrade, companion
sleep
noise, sound
interval, space, distance
booty, spoil(s)
eagerness, study, devotion
roof, house
weapon, javelin, missile
temple
back, rear
wind
word
man, husband
evening
help; (pl) resources, riches
youth, young man
column of men, army
love
tree
art, skill
slaughter, killing, murder
dog
head, person, life, capital
centurion
contest, battle, struggle
citizen
citizenship, state, city, tribe
disaster, loss, defeat
shout, uproar, noise
cohort, company
comrade, companion
husband, wife, spouse
consul
body
accusation, charge, crime
guard
rank, dignity, importance, honour
pain, sorrow, anger
leader, general, ruler
knight, horseman, (pl) cavalry
crime, outrage, deed
end, boundary, pl territory
river
treaty, agreement
brother
cold
rage, fury, madness, passion
race, people, family, tribe
race, descent, birth, kind
winter, storm
man, person
honour, esteem, glory
guest, host
enemy
fire
emperor, general, leader
journey, march, way
judge, juror
work, toil, trouble
side, wing
praise, honour, credit
legion
law
freedom
sea-shore, beach
light, daylight
sea
mother
mind
month
merchant
soldier
city walls, city
mountain
death
habit, custom, (pl) character, morals
woman
crowd, multitude
service, duty, present
ship
name
night
hostage
opportunity, occasion
burden, load
work, toil, construction
speech
rank, order, line
mouth, face
parent; (pl) relations
part, some, direction
father
peace
infantry
foot
the people, common people
bridge
power, authority, opportunity
praetor (acted as judge or governor)
emperor, chief, chieftain
shame, modesty, honour, disgrace
rest, peace, quiet
account, reckoning, manner, reason
king
country
priest, priestess
health, safety, greeting
blood
crime, wickedness
seat, temple, home
senator
old man
sun, sunlight
sister
weather, storm, time
time
terror, panic
fear, anxiety
city, town, Rome
wife
clothes
victor, conqueror
courage, virtue
voice, shout, word
wound, injury
house, home
army
attack, impulse
hand, band
fear
pace
harbour, port
senate
uproar, disturbance, civil war
use, experience, practice
face, expression
line, battle line, army
day
trust, faith, confidence, loyalty
thing, affair, matter, business
hope
no one, nobody
nothing
force, violence; (pl) strength, forces
state, republic
warship
merchant ship
by night
mile
(introduces question)
from, by
to, towards, at, about, near
against, up(hill)
before, in front of
among, at the house of, according to, in the opinion of
around, about
against
with
about, from, down from
from, out of; (in compounds) out
towards
in, on
into, onto, against, towards
between, among, inside, within
because of, on account of
through, throughout, along
behind, after
beyond, except, besides
in front of, for, on behalf of, in return for
near
on account of, because of
without
under, beneath; up to
across, over
outside, beyond
below
you (plural)
someone, something, anyone, anything
I, me
this
the same
that, he, she, it
-self
this, that, he, she, it
we, us
our
who, which, that
one, a certain, some
who? what? any
anyone, anything
each, each one, every
whoever, whatever
himself, herself, itself, themselves
his (own), her (own), its (own), their (own)
you (singular)
your
which (of two)?
each (of two), both
your (pl)
some ... others
other, one, another, else
the other, one (of two), another, a second
help
build
walk
love, like
approach, come near to
hide
shout, exclaim, proclaim
think, consider
prepare, provide, obtain, compare
convict, condemn
care for, cure; with gerundive = get something done
despair
give
doubt, hesitate
wander, make a mistake
wake, rouse, excite
wait for, expect
hurry
live, dwell
do not know, be ignorant, misunderstand
order, command
urge on, arouse, encourage
enter
invite
help
work, toil, be in difficulty
praise
set free
commit, entrust, command
show, point out, indicate, instruct
change, alter
tell, relate
sail
kill
say no, deny, refuse, say that ...not
announce, report
seize, take possession of, occupy
attack
adorn, decorate, provide, equip
beg
prepare, provide
carry, bear, take
demand, ask
fight
think, consider, reckon
recite, read aloud
ask, ask for
greet, salute
save, protect, keep
look at, watch
hope, expect
stand, stand firm
overcome, overpower
forbid, order…not
avoid
call, summon, invite, name
wound, injure
appear
increase, exaggerate
beware (of), take care
owe, ought
destroy
teach, inform
hurt, be in pain, lament
need, be in want of, lack
favour, support
rejoice
have, hold, consider
lie (down)
order, command
remain, stay
warn, advise, teach
move
hurt, harm
besiege, blockade
obey
persuade, convince
provide, give, show, offer
answer, reply
hold back, restrain, keep
hold, keep, maintain
frighten
fear, be afraid
be strong, have influence
see
happen
accept, take in, receive, hear
add, join
take away, remove
do, act, drive
lose
notice, observe
summon, send for
climb
take away, carry off, steal
fall, perish
sing, sound, play (of trumpets etc.)
take, catch, capture, choose
yield, give up; (in compounds) go
see, perceive, decree
surround
get to know, find out, learn
force, compel, drive, assemble
cultivate, worship, honour
commit, fight, begin (battle)
found, establish, hide
complete, wear out
trust, believe, have confidence
halt, stand, stand firm
notice, observe, see
decide, establish
consult, consider, advise
eat, consume, spend
hurry, march, contend, fight
seize, carry off
believe, trust, entrust
desire, wish, want
run
deceive
defend
descend, come down
cease
say, speak, tell
dismiss, scatter
depart, leave
learn
divide, separate
lead, take, marry, consider
carry out, accomplish
escape
buy
receive, take, welcome
make, do
deceive, cheat, escape one's notice
dig
break, crush
flee, run away from, avoid
pour, shed, rout
bear, wear, wage war, manage
throw
burn, set on fire, inflame, rouse
begin
look at, inspect, examine
draw up, prepare, equip, supply
understand, perceive, realise
kill
join, unite, fasten
hurt, injure, harm
read, choose
send, throw, let go
neglect, disregard
know
kill
neglect, disregard, make no mention of
overwhelm, crush, weigh down
show, point out, indicate
spare
win, acquire, gain, secure
push, drive, rout
destroy, lose
bring about, complete, perfect
hand over, entrust, permit, allow
seek, ask for, make for, attack
put, place, set up (camp)
demand, ask for
put in charge of
advance, proceed
betray, surrender
promise
search for, ask for, ask, inquire
seize, grab, carry off, plunder
regain, receive, welcome
give back, restore, hand over, make
repair, restore, refresh
rule, direct
leave, leave behind, abandon
resist, oppose
restore, give back
break, burst, break through
write
allow, permit
loose, pay
despise, reject, scorn
fix, determine, decide, arrange
take, take up
get up, stand up, rise
take up, undertake, begin, bear
touch
cover, protect, hide
raise, lift up, remove, destroy
hand over, entrust, hand down, surrender
pull, drag, draw
carry, bear, convey
turn
conquer, defeat, win, be victorious
live, be alive, (+ abl) live on
arrive
open, reveal, disclose
hear, listen to
guard
sleep
delay, hinder, prevent
find, discover
fortify, defend, guard
not know
reach, arrive
seize, get possession of
punish
know
feel, notice, hear, judge
come
began
try
urge, encourage
threaten
wonder at, admire
delay
pray, pray to, beg
mistrust, suspect
promise
fear, be afraid
seem, appear, be seen
obtain
attack, approach
go out, come out
enter, undertake
glide, slip, fall
speak, talk
die
forget
suffer, endure, allow
set out, depart
advance, proceed
complain
go back, return
follow, pursue, attend
use, enjoy
am born
rise, start, originate
trust, rely upon
be accustomed
dare
be absent, be away, be distant
be here, be present
collect, compare, contribute, bestow
go
bear, carry, say
become, be made, happen
inflict, bring to, cause, carry against
say
prefer
not want, be unwilling, refuse
hate
present, offer
die, perish, be ruined
can, be able
be in charge of
return, go back, come back
bring back, report, refer
be
be left, remain, survive
want, wish, be willing, intend
thank, give thanks
be hated by
I take pains, give attention (to)
there is need (of)
pay the penalty, am punished
retreat
set sail
it is useful
retreat
meet, go to meet, oppose, resist
inform
thank, give thanks
attack, charge
make war on
retreat, withdraw
be necessary, ought, must
it pleases, suits, it is resolved
it is allowed

				
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