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					3.. Mai 2006   TGV en Europe   1 / 33
               The TGV

               history, trains in other countries,
               comparison with planes and european
               technologies in China




               Name:           Jochen Rommel
               Studies:        Business in Europe
               Semester:       8th




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Summary

1.     Bullet Trains in the world
2.     History of the TGV
3.     TGV in France
4.     TGV in Europe
5.     Euralille
6.     European Technologie in China
7.     Train or Plain?

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Manufacturer of Bullet trains


•   Bombardier – Canada
•   Alstrom – France
•   Siemens – Germany
•   Kawasaki Heavy Industries - Japan




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Japanese Bullet Train

               Shinkansen – Top Speed 275 km / h




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American Bullet Train

                          Top Speed 240 km / h




                         "American Track and Travel"




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German Bullet Train


                    Top Speed of 330 km / h
                    (but only on some distances)




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French Bullet Train


                     Top Speed of 330 km / h




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Summary

1.     Bullet Trains in other countries
2.     History of Bullet trains
3.     TGV in France
4.     TGV in Europe
5.     Euralille
6.     European Technologie in China
7.     Train or Plain?

3.. Mai 2006          TGV en Europe       9 / 33
History of Bullet Trains

 1959
      Japan starts development of high speed trains
 1960
      Aérotrain, which runs with a gas turbine (France)
 1973
      Energy crisis
 1981
      First TGV runs between Paris and Lyon
 1991
      First ICE runs between Hamburg and Munich

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25 Years of TGV

 100 millions of passengers transported in
  2005
 1.2 billions of passengers transported
  since 1981 in France and Europe
 650 TGV‘s run every day in France
 1540 km of high speed rails
 250 stations are served every day


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Summary

1. Bullet Trains in other countries
2. History of the TGV
3. TGV in France
4.      TGV in Europe
5.      Euralille
6.      European Technologie in China
7.      Train or Plain?

3.. Mai 2006          TGV en Europe     12 / 33
TGV Lines in France and Europe




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Existing Lines

• LGV Sud-Est
     – Paris Gare de Lyon to Lyon-Perrache
• LGV Atlantique
     – Paris Gare Montparnasse to Tours and Le Mans
• LGV Rhône-Alpes
     – Lyon to Valence
• LGV Nord
     – Paris Gare du Nord to Lille
• LGV Interconnexion Est
     – LGV Sud-Est to LGV Nord Europe
• LGV Méditerranée
     – An extension of LGV Rhône-Alpes Valence to Marseille

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Summary

1.     Bullet Trains in other countries
2.     History of the TGV
3.     TGV in France
4.     TGV in Europe
5.     Euralille
6.     European Technologie in China
7.     Train or Plain?

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Main problems in „Train Europe“

• Electricity
• Signals
• Direction of traffic




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Eurostar




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Thalys




                   PBA (3 Countries)
                   PBKA (4 Countries)




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Summary

1.     Bullet Trains in other countries
2.     History of the TGV
3.     TGV in France
4.     TGV in Europe
5.     Euralille
6.     European Technologie in China
7.     Train or Plain?

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Euralille


               225 km

                                    110 km




                               220 km




                                             Travel time

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EuraLille: an idea from the
60’s to attract « the World »…
                       • Opportunity: A dynamic
                         city, in the North of
                         France, close to London
                         and Brussels
                       • Various means of
                         Transport:
                       • TGV station,
                         underground, tram, bus,
                         taxi, motorway
                         interchange, car parks !


3.. Mai 2006   TGV en Europe                    21 / 33
And a few American ingredients…

•   A big mall (10 000 m2)
•   Offices (52 000 m2)
•   An International Business Centre
•   Leisure facilities
•   A Business School
•   housing




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Result

    people living in Euralille, compared to those
    living in the old part of the city, do not prefer
    to walk…




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Summary

1.     Bullet Trains in other countries
2.     History of the TGV
3.     TGV in France
4.     TGV in Europe
5.     Euralille
6.     European Technologie in China
7.     Train or Plain?

3.. Mai 2006         TGV en Europe        24 / 33
The beginning…

•   Shoes (Adidas)
•   Watches (Rolex)
•   Clothes (Diesel Jeans)
•   Perfume (CK)

 Theft of the brand



3.. Mai 2006        TGV en Europe   25 / 33
Theft or transfer of technologies?

• China is a growing market
• Countries want to export to China
  BUT
  China is only buying the products if the
  exporting countries agree a joint venture!
   China gets the know-how / technology
   China will be able to produce the
     products on their own
3.. Mai 2006       TGV en Europe               26 / 33
Examples

• Maglev Train
• ICE Trains
• Airbus planes




3.. Mai 2006      TGV en Europe   27 / 33
Summary

1.     Bullet Trains in other countries
2.     History of the TGV
3.     TGV in France
4.     TGV in Europe
5.     Euralille
6.     European Technologie in China
7.     Train or Plane?

3.. Mai 2006          TGV en Europe       28 / 33
Train or Plane ?

Please find out which mean of
transportation you prefere. Please take
only care of the travel time… (not the
price…)

Here you can find all necessary
information…


3.. Mai 2006       TGV en Europe          29 / 33
Paris to Marseille (777 km)

Travel time      Hours               Minutes
by car           7                   16
by train         3                   10

by plane
to the Airport   0                   25
Check in         0                   30
Flight           1                   15
to the City      0                   34
Total            2                   44

3.. Mai 2006         TGV en Europe             30 / 33
  London to Paris (407 km)
Travel time                                      Hours   Minutes
by car                                           5       05
+ ferry (including 30 min check in)              1       45
+ tunnel (including 30 min check in)             1       05

by train                                         2       46
by plane
to the airport                                   0       34
Check in                                         0       30
Flight                                           1       10
to the city                                      0       46
Total                                            3       00

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       Do you have any
          questions?


3.. Mai 2006   TGV en Europe   32 / 33
          Thank you very
           much for your
             attention

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