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de interés
de España

El enredo                          Hidalgo y sus estudiantes
                                   de Español 3, 2008-2009

   FYI: Not all the facts have been checked yet!
                            La Plaza España
                               de Madrid

   Está en la capital, al final de una avenida
    importante, la Gran Vía. Está cerca del
    Palacio Real.
   Tiene un monumento de Don Quijote y
    Sancho Panza.
       El Parque del Retiro, Madrid
   El Parque del Retiro is the most popular park in
   In 1505 Queen Isabel I moved a monastery from a
    bad location to the present location. The royal family
    had a retreat (un retiro) built as part of the church.
    King Philip II moved the Spanish court to Madrid in
    1561 and had the Retiro enlarged, and formal avenues
    of trees were laid out. The king would withdraw there
    during Lent. Eventually the park was given to the
    people of Spain to enjoy.
   At the park, there is el estanque del retiro ("Retiro
    Pond") and a monument to Alfonso XII. There is also a
    rose park, a museum, and a path of statues of kings.
    There are many street performers along the walkways
    to entertain park-goers including: puppet shows,
    jugglers, acrobats, comedians, and fortune tellers.
    Concerts and festivals are held during the summer.
             El Museo del Prado
   Biggest art gallery in the world with more then
    8,600 paintings
   Opened in 1819
source:   King Charles III

   La Puerta del Sol
    Madrid, Spain

            Kilometer zero
         La Puerta del Sol, Madrid
   Kilómetro cero (“Kilometer
    Zero”) for Spain’s radial
                                     El oso y el madroño
    network of roads                 (madrone tree,
                                     symbolic of Madrid)
   Famous clock for New Year’s
    celebration and the eating of
    12 grapes
   Originated as one of the gates
    in the 15th century city wall
    La Corrida de Toros “las Ventas”, Madrid
   One site called it the
    most important bullring
    in the world.
   Can seat 25,000
   Also used for concerts
    and tennis matches
               El Escorial, Madrid

   It is a residence for the king of Spain, and also
    has served as a monastery, royal palace,
    museum and school. It is 28 miles away from
   Its design is patterned after Solomon’s Temple.
            El Valle de los Caídos, Madrid

   “Valley of the Fallen” built by Spanish dictator
    Francisco Franco to commemorate those who fell
    during the Spanish Civil War
   Contains one of the world’s largest basilicas, 40,000
    graves from Civil War, Franco’s grave
   Controversial: built by political prisoners; only 2
    names are commemorated (one is Franco); the tone
    is distinctly “Nationalist” (Franco’s side in the war)
La arquitectura de Gaudí

   The architecture of Gaudi in Barcelona is found
    throughout Barcelona. Note his use of color, light, and
    sculpture. He often used colored tiles arranged in
    mosaic patterns. His work was influenced by nature:
    He often used curved stone, twisted iron sculptures,
    and organic-like forms.
                 La Pedrera
                 (apartment building)

On the roof of
   la Pedrera
      El Parque Güell, Barcelona
                            Named after the count
                             who tried to develop the
                            Built as a city park to
                             provide fresh air away
                             from the factories and
                             to bring peace and calm
   Note the multi-colored pieces of tiles
   One of the most important works of art
    nouveau in the world
                    Dragon fountain

Sea serpent bench
La Sagrada Familia, Barcelona
   Begun in 1882; Gaudí took over the work from
    another architect, but he died before it was
    finished. Other architects have worked on it, but
    it’s still not completed! (Maybe by 2026?)
   Its unique characteristics have made it famous.
    Check out some photos and details:
                                  Official web site
     Montjuich (“Montjuïc” in catalán)
   Used as a ceremonial place by the Romans
   1929 World Fair took place here; has Font Màgica
   1992 Olympics took place here—the stadium was
    built for an alternative to the Berlin Olympics in
    1936 but the Spanish Civil War broke out
   Various museums, including Palau Nacional
    (Catalán artwork), Fundació Joan Miró (modern art)
   Montjuïc Gardens: over 2,000 flowers
   Castell de Montjuïc (fortress from the 17th century)
                                              Castell de Montjuïc

  Fuent Màgica (1929): 15-minute light show

                                                            Amusement park
Palau Nacional (1929)
El Pueblo Español
(Spanish Village)

                     El Poble
                    in catalán
              El Poble Espanyol
   An “urban collage”: representations of
    architectural building styles from the different
    regions of Spain
   Various museums of archaeology, industry or
    the arts; a sculpture garden
   Restaurants and bars
   Craft workshops: you can purchase items, learn
    how to make them
   Street entertainment, concerts
    Olympic venues
   On Montjuich—free to
   Remodeled for the 1992
    Olympics (originally built
    for but not used in the
    1936 Olympics)
   Capacity around 70,000
                            Telecommunications tower:
                            Based off a kneeling “figure” giving an

                            offering which is kneeling over broken
                            tiles in honor of Guadi (Antonio Guadi
                            Catalan architect)
                            Also acts as a sundial from the spindle

                            in the center from the shadows
Olympic Stadium
                                 Las Ramblas

   Las Ramblas is a very popular street in the heart of
    Barcelona, Spain. It is 1.2 kilometers and is very
    busy and has a great night life. It is most commonly
    used by pedestrians but cars are allowed on it too.
    When visiting Las Ramblas, you might want to see
    the wax museum and the Christopher Columbus
    Monument. There are very expensive shops and
    restaurants along Las Ramblas.
              El Barrio Gótico
          (“Barri Gòtic” in catalán)
   At the center of the old city, with buildings
    dating back to medieval and even Roman times
   Includes the medieval Jewish quarter
   The streets are like labyrinths
El Barrio
La Plaza del Rey
          Located in the center of
           el Barrio Gótico (the
           Gothic Quarter)
          The plaza, or square, is
           outlined by Gothic
         La Plaza del Rey
   “Most noble part” of Barcelona—
    buildings include the façade of a
   Where Columbus was welcomed
    back by Ferdinand and Isabelle
                                   A gargoyle
   La Catedral
                             The cathedral is in the
 de Santa Eulalia             center of the Barrio Gótico.
  (also known as “La
 Catedral Santa Creu”,       Eulalia is a co-patron saint
    “La Catedral de           of Barcelona
Barcelona” or “La Seu”)      Built from the 13th-15th
                              centuries; named after
                              Eulalia of Barcelona, a 13-
                              year-old virgin who was
                              martyred during the Roman
                              times in Barcelona.
                             You can take an elevator
                              up to the top of great views
                              of Barcelona .
The crypt of Santa Eulalia
           La Plaza de Cataluña
           (Plaça de Catalunya)
   Some of the city's most important streets and
    avenues meet in Plaça Catalunya, such as
    Passeig de Gràcia, las Ramblas
            La Plaza de Cataluña
            (Plaça de Catalunya)
   Known for its statues and fountains, it’s
    surrounded by monumental buildings
   The “center of the world”: a transportation hub
El Paseo de Gracia
(Passeig de Gràcia)
             El Paseo de Gracia
   One of the major avenues in Barcelona
   One of its most important shopping and
    business areas
   Contains several of the city's most celebrated
    pieces of architecture
   In terms of the cost of renting or buying property
    anywhere in this avenue, Passeig de Gràcia is
    nowadays regarded as the most expensive
    street in Barcelona and also in Spain
Monument to Columbus
   Built in 1886
   Commemorates
    the reception the
    Catholic Monarchs
    gave to Columbus
    in Barcelona once
    he arrived from
    America the first
the Picasso Museum
Artwork in the Picasso
    in Barcelona
La Ciudadela
             El Puerto de Barcelona

   The Port of Barcelona has a 2000-year history
    and a great contemporary commercial
    importance. It is Europe's ninth largest
    container port.

      Port Vell (Old Port) as viewed from the Monument a Colom
      (Columbus Monument) at the end of La Rambla.
      La Costa Brava
   214 km. of coast on the
    Mediterranean Sea
   Beaches, marinas, campsites,
    resorts, national park
   A mountain
    with an abbey
    where the
    Virgin Mary

   Running of the bulls (July
    6-14) during the Fiesta of
    San Fermín
   Setting for Hemingway’s
    The Sun Also Rises
   On the pilgrims’ route to
    Santiago de Compostela
                  Los Pirineos

   Mountains which form the border between
    France and Spain
   Great views, ancient picturesque villages,
    backpacking, hiking, mountain biking, skiing

   Shopping, skiing, fishing, hiking,
    biking, nature parks, hot springs
   Is a “tax haven” in Europe

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