Career Decision Making by liaoqinmei

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									Guide to Decision-Making

Tutorial
  Decisions! Decisions! Decisions!
• You’ve come to the point where you have to
  make some choices.
• You’ve learned more about yourself: what you
  like, what you’re good at, and what your values
  are.
• You’ve found some occupations that seem to
  match your personality.
• You’ve done the research and learned more about
  these occupations.
• The next step is to evaluate your options and
  make a choice.
Your Goal….

      • Your goal
        should be to
        find the most
        appropriate
        occupation, not
        the “right” one.
This tutorial will introduce you to a five step
decision-making module and guide you in
applying the principles as you make career
decisions.
        Laying the Groundwork
Making a decision can be very easy or difficult, depending
on the amount of information you have about your choices.

In choosing a career path, it is important to think about
many factors, like the kind of decision-maker you are, what
decision-making style you use, and things that can interfere
with the decision-making process.
What Kind of Decision Maker Are You?
 Decided
      people who independently integrate knowledge
      about self and options that enable them to develop
      a satisfying and beneficial career plan

 Undecided
      people who have not made a commitment to an occupational
      choice

 Indecisive
       people who are unable to make a career decision and often
       find it difficult to make plans in all areas of life, and
       generally focus on outside events or people when making
       decisions
        Decision-Making Styles
Which style do you use when making decisions?
• Planning: You weigh all the facts first, then decide.

• Impulsive: You don’t look before you leap. You just
  decide.

• Intuitive: Your decision is based on what feels right.

• Compliant: Anything you say. Whatever someone else
  says or thinks…you do it.
        Decision-Making Styles
Which style do you use when making decisions?
• Fatalistic: You leave it up to fate. Whatever happens just
  happens.

• Agonizing: You can’t decide because you keep
  thinking…What if? I don’t know what to do

• Paralytic: Can’t face up to it so you don’t decide.

• Delaying: You put off making a decision and say, “I’ll
  cross that bridge later.”
      Things that Interfere with
          Decision Making
• Family (e.g., parents, spouses, children.)
  People who are highly interconnected with another family
  member can have difficulty separating themselves
  emotionally and psychologically in decision making.
  They may lack a distinction between what they want and
  what the family member thinks they should have. A lack
  of agreement among family members also present
  problems.
      Things that Interfere with
          Decision Making
• Personal
  Being tired, run down, stressed, anxious, and unable to
  focus and concentrate on the decision-making activity
  will not ensure good performance.

• Society
  Age, gender, ethnic prejudice and discrimination are
  factors that can affect your decisions, as well as,
  economic recessions (i.e., job demand for a particular
  occupation is low) and job growth.
                 The CASVE Cycle
• A cycle can be used to show the steps in making
  a career choice

• Pronounced ca-sa-vee

• Adapted from:
Sampson, J.P., Jr., Peterson, G.W., Lenz, J.G., & Reardon, R.C. (1992). A
   cognitive approach to career services: Translating concepts into practice.
   Career Development Quarterly, 41. 67-74

“Common Difficulties in Decision Making” developed by Ontario Women’s
   Directorate and Times Change and from
   www.langara.bc.ca/counseling/career/decision.html
    CASVE Cycle

          C

E                     A


     V            S
        CASVE Cycle

                      Communication


Execution                                     Analysis



            Valuing                   Synthesis
           CASVE Cycle
      Step #1: Communication
Knowing I need to make a choice

 Before you begin to gather
 information, you will need to
 define what it is you are trying
 to decide.
                     CASVE Cycle
                    Step #2: Analysis
Understanding myself and my options

   To make an informed career decision and prior to any exploration of the world
   of work, it is important to have a good understanding of your own personal
   attributes.

   Take steps to improve self knowledge (e.g., skills, interests, values) via career
   assessments.

   Take steps to improve knowledge about options with regards to occupations,
   college majors, work organizations and job industries.

Ask yourself:
What motivates me?                      What do I enjoy doing?
What are my skills and values?          Where do I envision myself working?
                     CASVE Cycle
                   Step #3: Synthesis
Expanding and narrowing my list of options
  Identify occupations, majors, or jobs that match your values, interests, and
  skills.

  Read books, search the Internet, and talk to individuals in the field to learn
  more about the occupation.

  Explore issues such as salary, duties and responsibilities, job outlook, and
  educational requirements.

  Obtain internship or cooperative education positions.

  Seek additional assistance from a career counselor or through the career
  services website.

  Narrow your list of options to three or five.
                     CASVE Cycle
                    Step #4: Valuing
Choosing an occupation, major or job
  Consider each alternative in terms of costs (consequences) and benefits to
  yourself, your family, your community, and your cultural group.

  Rank or Prioritize your options from the Synthesis stage.

  Make a choice.

  Make back-up choice (s) in case you have a problem with your first choice.
                       CASVE Cycle
                     Step #5: Execution
Implementing my choice

   Design a plan of action and implement the decision.

   Reframe your 1st alternative as a goal and then focus on the concrete, active
   things that will lead you to accomplishing the goal.

   Identify when to begin and end each step in the action plan.
          Be realistic
          Consider life circumstances (family, work, etc.)
          Consider potential obstacles and how you can handle them.
          Determine what resources and information are needed to complete each step in
          the action plan.

   Evaluate your progress from time to time. Change your decision if necessary.
                 Remember!
• Career problems are continuous…they tend to
  build upon one another.

• Using the CASVE cycle to solve one problem
  will lead to using it again to solve the next
  problem.

e.g. choosing a college leads to how to pay for it,
   which leads to when to start.

        Where are you in the CASVE cycle?
               Need More Help?
For additional
information, visit Career
Services in Smith House.

To schedule an appointment
with a career counselor,
complete the Talk to a Career
Counselor form on our
Website
  http://www.mcdanielcareers.org

								
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