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SOLAR POWER TOWER SOLAR

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					SOLAR POWER TOWER

           โดย
    นายเศกศักดิ์ กามณี
       48402610 ET.
Solar power tower




        ความเป็ นมา
                โครงสร้ าง
                          ระบบการทางาน
                                ประโยชน์
                           ความเป็ นมา (History)
                           Power                                                Operation
       Project   Country   Output    Heat Transfer Fluid    Storage Medium       Began
                           (MWe)


SSPS             Spain     0.5      Liquid Sodium          Sodium               1981
EURELIOS         Italy     1        Steam                  Nitrate Salt/Water   1981
SUNSHINE         Japan     1        Steam                  Nitrate Salt/Water   1981
Solar One        USA       10       Steam                  Oil/Rock             1982
CESA-1           Spain     1        Steam                  Nitrate Salt         1983
MSEE/Cat B       USA       1        Molten Nitrate         Nitrate Salt         1984
THEMIS           France    2.5      Hi-Tec Salt            Hi-Tec Salt          1984
SPP-5            Russia    5        Steam                  Water/ Steam         1986
TSA              Spain     1        Air                    Ceramic              1993

Solar Two        USA       10       Molten Nitrate Salt    Nitrate Salt         1996
โครงสร้ าง
ระบบการทางาน
Solar Parabolic Troughs
Solar Parabolic Troughs
Solar Parabolic Dish/engine
Solar Parabolic Dish/engine
            Characteristics of solar thermal electric power systems.


                        Parabolic Trough      Dish/Engine         Power Tower

        Size                30-320 MW            5-25 kW           10-200 MW
Operating Temperature
                             390/734            750/1382            565/1049
         (ºC/ºF)
   Annual Capacity
                             23-50 %              25 %               20-77 %
        Factor
   Peak Efficiency            20%(d)            29.4%(d)             23%(p)
Net Annual Efficiency       11(d)-16%           12-25%(p)           7(d)-20%
                        Commercially Scale-
  Commercial Status                           Demonstration   AvailableDemonstration
                           up Prototype
     Technology
                               Low                High               Medium
    Development Risk
  Storage Available          Limited             Battery               Yes
   Hybrid Designs              Yes                 Yes                 Yes
    Cost USD/W                2,7-4,0            1,3-12,6            2,5-4,4

(p) = predicted; (d) = demonstrated;
  Comparison of Major Solar Thermal Technologies.



                                     Parabolic Dish        Power Tower
               Parabolic Trough


                Grid-connected                            Grid-connected
                      electric      Stand-alone small           electric
                      plants;               power               plants;
Applications
                   process heat         systems; grid        process heat
                  for industrial           support          for industrial
                        use.                                      use.

                 Dispatchable                            Dispatchable base
                      peaking         Dispatchable                load
                    electricity;         electricity,          electricity;
                  commercially              high                  high
                  available with         conversion           conversion
Advantages          4,500 GWh           efficiencies;         efficiencies;
                     operating          modularity;              energy
                    experience;            hybrid               storage;
                      hybrid            (solar/fossil)           hybrid
                   (solar/fossil)        operation.          (solar/fossil)
                     operation.                                operation.
             ประโยชน์(Benefits)
 ทรัพยากรธรรมชาติ
 สิ่ งแวดล้อม
 เศรษฐศาสตร์
           ิ
 คุณภาพชีวต
Reference
 http://www.fae.sk/Dieret/Solar/solar.html
 http://www.wipp.ws/science/index.htm
 http://www.colby.edu/personal/thtieten/case
  s.html
 http://www.volker-
  quaschning.de/articles/fundamentals2/inde
  x2_e.html

				
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posted:7/18/2011
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