Health Triangle by jizhen1947

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									      Health Triangle

Introduction to Health, Life Skills,
       and Practical Living
           Critical Vocabulary:
   Decision making process:
   Refusal skills:
   Fight or flight response:
   Adrenaline:
   Resilience:
   Anxiety:
   Values:
            Critical Vocabulary:
   Assertive:
   Peer-pressure:
   Mediation:
   Conflict resolution:
   Compromise:
   Eustress:
   Distress:
           Critical Vocabulary:
   Stress:
   Stressor:
   Self-concept:
   Self-esteem:
   Personality:
   Empathy:
 Would you agree or disagree with the
  following statement, AND WHY?
  – “Although being physically fit and being free
    from illness are important, there is much more
    to having good health or total wellness.”
            TOTAL HEALTH
 There is more to health and wellness than
  just being physically fit and being free from
  – For example, how well a person gets along with
    others shows they can adapt socially.
  – Being able to handle and express one’s
    emotions properly, shows signs of good
    mental/emotional health.
 Health: a combination of physical, mental/
  emotional, and social well-being
 Why are your personal choices so
 They indicate whether or not you truly care
  about total health and wellness.
  – Examples:
      What types of activities you participate in
      What types of food you ingest into your body (or eat).
      What types of people you spend your time with.
What are some healthy ways to
      spend your time?
          The Health Triangle
 Physical Health:
  – Physical health involves taking care of your
     This includes:
      eating well-balanced meals and snacks
      being physically active
      avoiding diseases
      getting enough rest
      having regular medical and dental checkups
          The Health Triangle
 Mental/ Emotional Health:
  – Mental and emotional health involves liking and
    accepting yourself for who you are.
     This includes:
       – Finding healthy solutions to problems
       – Expressing emotions in healthy ways
       – Finding positive ways to manage stress
            The Health Triangle
 Social Health:
  – Social health involves getting along with other
      This includes:
        –   Being a caring family member
        –   Making and keeping friends
        –   Giving and receiving support when it’s needed
        –    interacting effectively with many different types of people,
            including both males and females and members of different
            ethnic and cultural backgrounds
The three sides are inter-related
 Examples include?
        Balancing the triangle
 What do you think it means to BALANCE
  your health triangle?
  – Showing that each side of your triangle is
    equally important to you.
  – Doing things that promote each element of
     Physical health
     Mental/ emotional health
     Social health
 Once you have achieved balance for your
  own health triangle, then you can achieve
  total wellness.
  – Wellness: an overall state of well-being
       What does it all mean
 Total health or WELLNESS depends on a
      – CHOICES
          DECISIONS
  Teen Years: changing times:
 Grow taller
 Mood swings
 New friends
 Pay attention to health triangle:
 Physical:
  – Be active, eat nutritious meals, get enough sleep, avoid
    tobacco, alcohol and other drugs.
 Mental/ emotional:
  – Use your critical thinking skills, find positive ways to
    express feelings and manage stress. Seek advice from
    trusted adults in your life.
 Social:
  – Do your best to get along with others, keep others’
    needs in mind and offer support.
 The time of life between childhood and adulthood.
  – Growing taller
  – More hair growth
  – More perspiring

  – These changes are due to the release of HORMONES:
    chemical substances, produced in glands, that help to
    regulate many body functions.
       Physical Development:
 Begin to develop the physical traits of adults
  of your gender. (changes begin at different
  ages for different people).
  – Boys – voices getting deeper
  – Girls – figures are developing
Mental/ Emotional Development:
 Changes in the way you think and feel – ability to
  think logically.
 Emotional changes:
  – Mood swings – due to release of hormones
  – New feelings toward others
      Recognizing the needs of others
  – Increased romantic interest
      Normal part of growing up
  – Increased interest in what is important to you
      Realizing how important family, friends, physical activity and
       educations are.
      Growing sense of responsibility
     Mental/ Emotional Health
 What are some causes, symptoms, and
  prevention strategies for the following
  mental/ emotional problems?
  – Depression
  – Anxiety
  – Eating disorders (anorexia, bulimia, binge
 A mood disorder in which a person loses interest in life and
  can no longer find enjoyment in anything.
   – Causes: genetic causes – family members have suffered from
     depression; life changing event; chemical imbalances in a person’s
     brain; chronic pain.
   – Symptoms: difficulty concentrating; fatigue, decreased energy;
     feelings of guilt, worthlessness, and helplessness; being hopeless
     and/or pessimistic; insomnia; irritability; loss of interest in activities
     or hobbies
   – Prevention/ treatment: medication; psychotherapy; electric shock
     treatment (in the case of severe depression and other treatment
     options have not worked).
 A condition in which intense anxiety or fear keeps
  a person from functioning normally.
  – Causes: chronic stress (school, work, financial,
    emotional); mental disorders (anxiety disorder, phobic
    disorders, stress disorders); side effect of medication;
    drug use (ex. Cocaine); symptom of a medical illness
    (heart attack)
  – Symptoms: racing heart; feeling weak, faint or dizzy;
    tingling, numbness in hands and fingers; sense of terror
    or impending doom; feeling sweaty or chills; chest
    pains; breathing difficulties; feeling a loss of control.
  – Prevention/ treatment: medications; psychotherapy
              Eating Disorders:
 Anorexia nervosa: an eating disorder
  characterized by self-starvation and/or excessive
  exercising leading to extreme weight loss.
  – Causes: psychological factors such as low self-
    esteem, unrealistic body image, depression
  – Symptoms: low body weight, excessive exercising,
    thinning hair, dry skin, brittle nails, no menstrual cycle
  - prevention/ treatment: hospital stay,
   psychological counseling.
                  Eating disorders
 Bulimia: a condition in which a person eats large amounts
  of food and then tries to purge, by either forcing
  themselves to vomit or by taking laxatives to force the food
  quickly through the body.
   - Causes: a person is extremely concerned with being thin, they
     have an overwhelming need to maintain control over their body.
   – Symptoms: Repeatedly eating large amounts of food in a short
     period of time, then purging the food; being secretive about eating
     and seldom eats in front of other people; frequent weight changes,
     irregular menstrual cycles
   – Prevention: focuses on catching the eating disorder early
              Eating disorders:
 Binge eating: compulsive overeating
  – Causes: results from a combination of psychological,
    biological and environmental factors; history of
    depression; anger, sadness, boredom, anxiety or other
    negative emotions can trigger an episode.
  – Symptoms: frequently eating large amounts of food;
    feelings of being unable to control what or how much is
    being eaten; eating more rapidly than usual; eating until
    uncomfortably full; eating a large amount even when not
  – Prevention: beginning treatment as soon as a person
    begins seeing symptoms of the disorder; teaching and
    encouraging healthy eating habits.
  Barriers to mental/emotional well-
 Stress: your body’s reaction to change
 Eustress: positive stress
  – The type of stress that motivates a person to do
 Distress: negative stress
  – The type of stress that causes negative
    reactions for your body.
 Conflict: a disagreement between people
  with opposing viewpoints, ideas, or goals.
           Social Development:
 Affects the way you interact with others.
 Social growth involves relating to the people in
  your life in different ways:
  – Your family:
      Learning to act independently and make decisions
  – Your friends and peers:
      Might prefer to share thoughts and feelings with friends rather
       than family
  – Your community:
      Beginning to recognize your role in the larger community that
       includes your school and your neighborhood
                      Social Health
 What are effective social interaction skills?
   – Respect: Showing respect means being considerate of others and
     tolerant of differences
   – Self-advocacy: Taking on or believing in a social cause.
   – Cooperation: Working together with others for a common goal.
   – Communication: Being able to express oneself in appropriate
   – Identifying and being open to different perspectives and points of
   – Empathy: Being able to put yourself in one’s shoes and understand
     what they might be experiencing.
        Sympathy: feeling sorry for someone else.
   – Friendship: Making sure you choose friends that are positive
     influences rather than ones that pressure you to participate in risky
Social and Mental/ Emotional Health
 Effective strategies for responding to stress, conflict, peer pressure,
  and bullying:
    – Communication: Expressing yourself effectively and appropriately.
    – Problem solving: Working through the issues to make a good decision,
      one that promotes wellness.
    – Decision making: Thinking about consequences before you choose to act.
    – Refusal skills: Saying no in risky situations.
    – Anger management: Being able to express your emotions in a healthful
    – Conflict resolution: Coming to a solution to a problem without risking your
    – Relaxation techniques: Ways in which you choose to relax (examples
      include meditation, deep breathing, journal writing)
    – Time management: Effective use of your time – getting priorities done first.
   More ways to resolve conflict:
 Mediation: the process of having a third party
  help resolve a conflict
 Peer mediation: a program in which a student
  helps resolve other students’ conflicts
 Win-win mediation: an agreement that gives
  each party something they want.
 Compromise: to give up something in order to
  reach a solution that satisfies everyone.
Social and Mental/ Emotional Health
 What are some changes that occur to physical,
  social and mental/ emotional health during
  –   Growth spurts – fastest growing period of your life.
  –   Peer influence – friends become more influential.
  –   Self confidence – gain/ and or loss self confidence.
  –   Mood swings – due to the changes in hormones during
      adolescence, this can cause varying degrees of mood
      swings in a young person.
 Where should a student go for help
for negative behaviors or addictions?
   Guidance counselors
   Drug counselors
   Parents
   Teachers
   Trusted adults
    Self-management and Coping
 Goal-setting
  – Short term goals: goals that you want to
    achieve in the next few days or weeks.
  – Long term goals: goals that you want to
    achieve in the next several weeks, months or
    even years.
 Time-management
 Personal learning styles and preferences
 Decision making procedures
       Ways to stay in “balance”:
 Choose healthy lifestyles:
   – Lifestyle factors: behaviors and habits that help determine a
     person’s level of health.
 Recognize risk behaviors:
   – Risk behaviors: actions or behaviors that might cause injury or
     harm to you or others.
 Abstain from risky behaviors:
   – Choose NOT to participate in risky behaviors.
 Take more responsibility:
   – Have a positive attitude; TAKE RESPONSIBILITY for your own
     actions; learn self-control.
 Stay informed:
   – Health education is essential for good health.

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