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					• At ISSUE: slaughtering
  horses for meat.
• Who are the
• What areas of conflict?
• What should you do?
• Americans may not like the idea of horse
  meat consumption.
  – For humans . . .
     • Americans frown on eating horsemeat.

  – For animals . . .
     • Using horse meat in animal feed does not bother
       most people.
• Any horse owner        • The horse industry

• Animal rights groups   • Consumers

• The packing houses     • Importing countries
• A multi-million dollar U.S. industry.
  – Domestic.
     • Sale of lame, untreatable animals by horse owners.
     • 112,677 horses killed in the U.S. in 1995
  – International exports -- $200 million/year, 120
    million lbs (1978).
     •   France - 37,033,600 lbs imported (1978)
     •   Belgium - 19,506,400 lbs imported (1978)
     •   Japan
     •   Countries of the former Soviet Union
• In France, Holland,
  and Japan
   – chevaline = $12-15/lb
   – This produces a “floor”
     for investments.
• Nutritious and lean -
  leaner than beef
• Many cuts and uses of
  it, making it an
  alternative to beef.
• Tastes considerably like beef
• In 1994, 150,000 slaughter horses were
  shipped overseas.
• France is the largest consumer of this meat:
  – 1.8 kg/capita/year
  – ~100,000 tons/year
• Iceland is a larger consumer
  – 3.5 kg/capita/year
  – But it is all domestic meat
•   Pet Foods
•   Livestock feed additives
•   Tail and mane hair used for braiding
•   Hooves used in the glue industry
•   Blood and bone meal
• Only 4 states that have USDA-regulated
  slaughter houses
  –   Texas
  –   Idaho
  –   Nebraska
  –   Illinois
• Iowa is right in the middle of two of these
  – Makes us an important advocate of the industry
• Animal Rights groups are against
  – Don’t like the idea of slaughtering animals
  – They think that horses should be considered
    companion animals
• Producers, horse owners, and the horse
  industry are supportive
  – Provides a net for horse owners
  – Drives prices of horses in general up ($0.10-
• Passed Nov. 4th, 1998 in California
• Prohibits:
  – The slaughter of horses
  – The sale of horsemeat for human consumption
• Felony to buy, sell, or obtain:
  – horse, pony, burro, mule
  – with intent to slaughter for human consumption
• The sale of horsemeat for human
  consumption is a misdemeanor
• Considers a horse a companion animal
  – Same level as a dog and cat
  – Horse owners in a different tax bracket
  – Allows a person to cram a horse in their
    backyard in the middle of a city
     • providing city ordinances allow for it.
• Passed in September, 1997
• Requires brand inspectors to inspect
  slaughter horses carefully
• Makes it against the law to sell horsemeat
  for human consumption in the state
• Two USDA-regulated slaughterhouses in
  the state
  – export mainly to France and Belgium
• They are NOT companion animals
• They are raised on ranches and farms
  – not in operations comparible to puppy mills
  – not sold in a pet store
  – not kept in houses or yards (in most cases)
• They are treated like livestock
  – herding animals that are usually kept on pasture
• Used for work and recreational purposes
  – This does not make them companion animals
  – Started out as a way to sell a particular animal
     • compare to showing cattle, swine, sheep, etc.
• Some people keep horses solely as a
  companion animal
  – very, very few compared to the number of
    horses owned for livestock purposes.
• Horses are livestock and owners should be
  able to buy and sell them as they see fit.

• The industry drives up prices of all horses.

• Without the horsemeat market, many horses
  would be cruelly abandoned and die
• Horse slaughter for human consumption is
  USDA-regulated and is as safe and humane
  as possible.

• People should have the right to eat
  horsemeat if they want.

• The horsemeat industry is a major export
  industry for the U.S.
• Understand:
  – The horsemeat industry does not use inhumane
    methods and treatments
  – The industry is beneficial to the U.S. economy
  – Horses are livestock - not companion animals
  – Iowa is very close to states that have USDA-
    regulated slaughter houses
     • Why you need to understand the industry and its
• If a proposition such as the one enacted in
  California ever tries to make its way into
  Iowa’s law books - ACT.
  – Vote or write your local representatives to vote
    against it.
  – Explain to your family and friends what a
    proposition such as this can do
• Support any legislation that would continue
  to consider a horse a livestock species

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