Unit Part 61 Part 2 Part 3 Listening & Speaking Activities H Brainstorming Listening Speaking Brainstorming P1 Places to visit Expressions to describe travels People who travel Things people take/get when traveling Expressions of physical positions Expressions of enjoying views visit Places tooutskirts: [pl.] the parts of a town or city that are B furthest from the centre 郊区，郊外 tourist attractions, tourist site, mountains, countryside, village, mosque: [c] a building in which beach, scenic spot, city, downtown, outskirts, suburbs, fun park, Muslims worship 清真寺 entertainment/amusement park (游乐场）, museum, square, monument, temple, mosque, church, pagoda, pavilion, waterfalls, e.g. outdoors 在户外（在野外） in the open: Farmers pass the bigger skiing ground, camping site, lake, show, destination, hotel, part of their lives in the open. restaurant, hostel, in the open find travels package to a holiday your/ way (to): Expressionstour:describe organized by a to discover the right company vt. fixed price that a usuallythe a long route ( to includes for roam: vi. &at a to walk or travel, place) 找到正确的路（去某处） of travel, hotel, a slow relaxed stroll: vi. to walk somewhere inetc. 包办旅行 cost with no clear purpose or direction 漫步；漫游； time, take a boat/train/sightseeing coach (or book My sister and strolled waye.g. a trip, strollIdown/over/along 闲逛；漫步 流浪 roam about/through/around bus)/aeroplane/subway, join a package tour group, find the way to..., through the streets after supper. e.g. The traveler roamed about the world. get lost, walk, stroll, roam about, spend (time) visiting..., go by car/bus/train/plane/on foot People who travel B tourist, traveler, tour guide, travel agent, passenger souvenir: [c] an object that you buy or keep to remind Things people take/get when traveling itinerary: a special or list of the place you will yourself of [c] a planoccasion or a placesyou have visited visit on journey 旅程；路线；旅行计划 –SYNe.g.aHe has some more places to visit on his itinerary. memento 纪念品，纪念物 (digital) camera, sunglasses, helmet, map, itinerary, souvenir, tour guide, brochure Expressions of physical positions B on the left of, on the right of, on the left-hand side of, on the side of, on the edge of, on the other side of, in the comer of, at the top of, at the bottom of, in the middle of, at the back of, at the front of marvel at/over: (AmE) to feel or express great Expressions of enjoying views surprise or admiration at sth, esp. someone’s take behaviour 对...惊奇 one’s breath away: to extremely beautiful e.g. Visitors to Rome marvel over the beautyMythe city. of the island e.g. of first view or exciting 令人惊叹；让人叹绝 我第一次从空中看到这个岛时，叹赏不已。 from the air took / scenery charm, marvel at the view, admire the view / sight / scene my breath/away. delight one's eyes, refresh one's mind, ... take one's breath away Listening Where are they? P1 New words Answers to the questions Where are small shop that sells boutique: n. a the following places? fashionable clothes or other objects 精品店；流行女装商店 Boutiques: on thethe eighthsecondthe tower wings Hotel Garden: between the top of of the north floor floors Games Room: on first and north and south wing Chinese Study theRestaurant: on Junk Antique:following map and 废旧古玩店 Chinese Restaurant: on the top of the tower to the recording again. Mark listen侧厅，厢房 on the eighth floor of the north wing wing: Games Room: Hotel with appropriate numbers the names Garden: between the north and south wings make the most of sth: to get as much advantage as you can from1. Museum while you are able to 充分利用 a situation 2. Antique market and eateries 3. Hero's Square 4. Green Park on behalf of sb: instead of someone, or as their 5. Italian restaurant 6. Hotel Garden representative 代表 Speaking Activity 1 P1 Interview your partner and note down the key points. You may use the questions listed in the worksheet or use your own questions if you have any. Then have the class play a game: Expert in the Hot Seat. (Guideline of the game: Each group sends one student to give an introduction to their favourite scenic spot. The whole class then asks him or her questions. ) Speaking Activity 1 P1 Worksheet Interviewee’s name Favourite scenic spot What is there to be seen? Why does it appeal to them? The culture, customs, history How long? How can you get there? Best way to enjoy Any disadvantages? Interviewer’s name Reading Comprehension & Language Activities H Pre-reading Task Text Believe it or not, here is a story of the magic Lifting the Veil done by a blind man The night last-minute: adj. done at the last that a blind man helped me to see possible time 最后的；归根究底的 I was just formal a. to go accompany: vt. doing some last-minute preparations. e.g. was late afternoon when the chairman of our Bangkok-based company 1. It must ask with sb 陪同；陪伴 be I police station. somewherelast-minute vt. usually or fill a about the next day e.g. 我得要求你陪我去一趟警察局。 would leaveor room with tooaccompany to accompany me to angry space clutter: assignment: the Igave me a you fume: vt. [cto cover singular] a large amount of to backlog: & vi. to things, so that it ↔ in: to untidy 杂乱的，凌 put to tourist sites many that you need sthcomplete,spend northern sth （对…）大为生气，十分恼火 that sth or use energy work to sth: written to looks veryesp. time an important Chinese businessmanto show clearly inwork that Thailand. 尽管每周我把七天的时间都用在了工作上，可堆 testify 2. Silently fume case 作为某事的证明；表明；说明 花费，耗费，投入 day. 乱的，挤满的 be clutteredcompletedsthsth working or at/over/about cluttered practising stacks a lot of work into (up) should alreadymy e.g. She what with said. haveabout oftenhe’d 积累(积压待 She sat infuming, I stared fuming been desk. The put sth hours’ work a e.g. 她坐在车里，心中对他说的话感到十分愤怒。 twelve into sth 积如山的文件还是表明我仍有许多工作要做。 paper theis thesilently at （时间、心思等）also car, puts in She's putting of 办事项) backlog SYN- evidence of 她正在下功夫提高法语。 improving her French. testified to a huge backlog of work, even though I had been putting in seven-day weeks. How will I ever catch up? I wondered. The excellenceshops in the I met a polite and elegant man wearing fine 3. The empty of morning high e.g. Early the next Shakespeare's street testify to plays testifies a one-hour a complete lack day visiting attractions for disdain: [u] formal the depthAftertorecession. flight, we spent theof respect that you showalong clothes. of the his genius. someone or sth because you of them with hundreds of other tourists, most think they are not important or good 莎士比亚戏剧的卓越证明了他的天才。 overloaded with cameras and I 轻蔑, 鄙视 disdain for SYN- such a souvenirs. Ie.g. 记得当时我对这伙人的好奇和贪心感到不屑。 humanity. enough have 对这样一个人，我只有鄙视。person. remembernothing disdain for thiscontempt of ogling feeling but disdain for collection 4. That evening my Chinese companion and I climbed into a minibus to go to dinner and a show, one which I had attended many times before. Lifting the Veil By David Lambourne seat: vt. a. to arrange for someone to sit e.g. 向…提供座位 seat sb somewherePlease wait to be seated. While he chatted让那个孩子坐在他哥哥旁边。 polite conversation in the beside/near请等候安排入座。 brother. Seatetc sb/sth tourists, I exchanged the boy next with other to his darkness with a man seated in front of me, a Belgian who spoke fluent English. I wondered why he held his head motionless at an odd angle, as though he were in meditation. The truth struck me when I saw the pale- coloured cane beside him. He was blind. 5. The man told me he had lost his sight in an accident when he was a teenager. But this did not prevent him from traveling alone. Now in his late 60s, he had mastered the skill of sightless tourism, using his remaining four luxurious: pictures expensive, senses to create adj. very in his mind. 我身后有人打开了一盏灯，能够看得见他一头浓密的银 luxuriant: and comfortable 奢侈的，豪hand, which, like a soft many beautiful, adj. growing strongly and adj. having a face with 发，他的脸坚毅而棱角分明，双眼迷蒙且眼窝深陷。 6. Turning to face me, hen. luxury craggy: slowly extended a animal, 华的；非常舒适的 deep lines on it 轮廓分明有皱纹的 explored the茂盛的；浓密的face. Behind me someone switched on a light, thickly contours of my n. luxuriance and I could see his luxuriant silvery hair and strong, craggy face. His eyes lay misted and deep in their sockets. “Could I please sit beside you at the dinner?” he asked. “And I’d love it if you’d describe a little of what you see.” Lifting the Veil By David Lambourne be/get caught up in sth: to be or get vt. to,” I replied. especially sth 7. “I’d be happy to guide someoneget a place, up in endless petty arguments. steer: e.g.involved want to to caught bad 被卷 I didn't in sth, 入；陷入 square yourInnocenttouching themrestaurant in the riots. shoulders/ toward the 带领； stand 8. My guest walked ahead shoulders: square: toupwith new-found friends. especially 无辜的路人被卷入了那场暴乱。 while passers-by got caught e.g. He steered me followed, etc sth me down into chair. straight and push yourtable and sat 引导 steer sb to a shoulders back, a long a The blind man and I towards/tocaught up inusually string of tourists. My show your determination 挺直身子；挺起胸膛 hand cupped his elbow to steer him, but he stepped forward unfalteringly, out of tune:e.g. his band doesn't sound he of tune his shoulders squared,Thehead high, as thoughout were guiding me. playing or singing higher or lower than 对我来说，乐队没有走调，不过我没 musical 跑调；走调 to me, tonotestage. no the correct 有欣赏音乐的才能。 ear for music. 9. We found a table close but then I'veAs we waited for our drinks, the blind the man said, “The music seems out of tune to our Western ears, but it has 街头殴斗可能是一个 e.g. The fighting in the streets may be a charm. Please describe the musicians.” 更严重事端的前奏。 prelude to more serious trouble. 10. I hadn’t noticed the five men performing at the side of the stage as a prelude to the show. “They’re seated cross-legged, dressed in loose white cotton shirts and baggy black trousers with bright-red sashes. Three are young, one middle-aged and one elderly. One beats a small drum, another plucks a wooden stringed instrument, and the other three have smaller, cello-like pieces they play with a bow.” Lifting the Veil By David Lambourne fashion A (from/ out of B)/ fashion B (into A): to make or shape sth., especially with your hands ( 11. He smiled. “And these small instruments are made of …?” 尤指用手工）制作，使成形，塑造 12. I looked again. “Wood…but the spherical sound box is fashioned out of a whole coconut shell,” I said, suppressing my surprise. 13. As the lights dimmed, the blind man asked, “What do your fellow tourists look like?” 14. “All nationalities, colors, shapes and sizes,” I whispered. “Very few are rapt: or written so interested neatlyadj.tastefully dressed.” in sth that you else 全神贯注的,入迷的 do We notice anything以前从来没有人这样专注而紧张地听我讲过话。 e.g. not Ilistened to her amazing story spoke close to his ear, the blind man 15. As lowered my voice further and 出神的 ,leaned his head eagerly toward me . I had 我们全神贯注地倾听她讲的惊人故事。 never before been listened to with rapt attention. with such rapt intensity. 16. “Very close to us is an elderly Japanese woman, whose profile is partially lit from the stage,” I said. “在她旁边是一位金发的斯堪的纳维亚男孩，约莫五岁，有一只可爱 Lifting the Veil 的翘鼻子，身体前倾，在她的下方形成了另一个被灯光照着的侧影。 By David Lambourne 他们一动不动，等待着演出开始。这真是童年与老年、欧洲与亚洲 的活生生的完美的写照。” “Just beyond her a blond Scandinavian boy about five, with a cute turned- up nose, is leaning forward, creating a second illuminated profile just below hers. They’re motionless, waiting for the performance to start. It’s the 六位十来岁的女孩出场了。我描述了她们像纱笼一样的丝裙，有肩 perfect living portrait of childhood and old age, of Europe and Asia.” 带的白色衬衫，和金色的犹如小巧的皇冠一样的头饰，它的尖端柔 “Yes, yes, I see them,” the blind 17.韧，随着舞蹈有节奏地晃动着。man said quietly, smiling. 18. A curtain at the back of the stage opened. Six girls in their early teen appeared, and I described their sarong-like silk skirts, white blouses with shoulder sashes, and gold-coloured head-dressed like small crowns, with accentuate: vt. to moved in flexible points that make sth more with the dance. “On their fingertips e.g. The tight jumper only rhythm noticeable 强调;使更突出 “这些指甲突出了手的每一个优雅的动作。效果很美。” 那件紧身套头毛衣反更突出了他那肥胖的肚子。 are golden fingernails perhaps four inches long.” I told the blind man. “The accentuated his fat stomach. nails accentuate each elegant movement of their hands. It’s a delightful effect.” 19. He smiled and nodded. “How wonderful-I would love to touch one of those fingernails.” Lifting the Veil excuse Lambourne By Davidyourself: to say politely that you need to leave a place 请求准予离开 20. When the first performance ended, I excused myself and went to talk to theater manager. Upon returning, I told my companion, “You’ve been the他慢慢伸出双手，那手有她的四倍大，就象捧着两只奇异的小鸟一 invited backstage.” 样握住了它们。他抚摸着金属指甲光滑、弯曲而又尖锐的线条，女 21.孩静静地站着，带着敬畏的神情抬头盯着他的脸。我的喉咙哽住了。 A few minutes later he was standing next to one of the dancers, her little crowned head hardly reaching his chest. She timidly extended both hands toward him, the metal fingernails glinting in the overhead light. His hands, four times as large, reached out slowly and clasped them as though they were cradling two tiny exotic birds. As he felt the smooth, curving sharpness of the metal tips, the girl stood quite still, gazing up into his face 在那天夜晚接下来的时间里，我观察得越多，盲人对我抱以激动的 with an expression of awe. A lump formed in my throat. 点头就越多，而我发现的也就越多 22. As the evening progressed, the more I observed and was rewarded with excited nods of the head, the more I discovered: colors, patterns and designs of local costumes; the texture of skin under soft lights; the movement of long, black Asian hair as elegant heads angled to the music; Lifting the Veil By David Lambourne 甚至半明半暗中被闪烁的灯光照亮的服务小姐的微笑。 the intense expressions of the musicians as they played; even the flashing white smile of our waitress in the half-darkness. 23. Back at the hotel lobby, with my Chinese guest still in the company of others, the blind man extended a large hand, which gripped mine warmly. It remained there for a moment, then traveled to my elbow and shoulder. Heads turned in surprise as the cane fell with a clatter to the marble floor. He made no attempt to retrieve it, but instead pulled me toward him and hugged me tightly. “How beautifully you saw everything for me,” he whispered. “I can never thank you enough.” 他帮我拨开了在这个忙碌的世上极易遮住我们双眼的面 纱，让我看到了以前没有为之赞叹的一切。 24. Later the realization struck me: I should have thanked him. I was the one who had been blind. He had helped me lift the veil that grows so quickly over our eyes in this hectic world, and to see all those things I’d failed to marvel at before. summon: vt. to order someone to come to Lifting the Veil By David Lambourne a place 召唤；传唤 summon sb to P2 e.g. He came downstairs and summoned her to his study. sth/summon sb to do sth 罗伯特召唤服务员过来结账。 Robert summoned the waiter for the bill. 25. About a week after our trip, the chairman summoned me to his office and told me he had received a call from the Chinese executive, who expressed great satisfaction with the trip. “Well done,” the chairman said, smiling. “I knew you could do the magic.” 26. I was not able to tell him that the magic had been done to me. accompany b. [usually passive] to happen or exist at the same time as sth else 随着...发生, 伴有 e.g. Lightning usually accompanies thunder. The disease is accompanied by c. if a book, document etc sneezing and fever. accompanies sth, it comes with it使 附有 Each application should be accompanied by a stamped addressed envelope. d. to play a musical instrument 每份申请书均须附回邮信封, 贴上邮票, 写好地址。 Her mother accompanied her on while someone sings a song or the piano. plays the main tune为...伴奏,为... 伴唱 她的母亲为她作钢琴伴奏。 seat & seated seat: b. [not in progressive] if a place seats a number of people, it has enough 这个礼堂可坐三千人。 seats for that number 有...座位, 容纳... e.g. The auditorium seats 3,000 人 people. 他在椅子上坐下。 c. formal to sit down somewhere He seated himself in a chair. （使）就座；坐；落座 seat 飞机停好前，请坐着别动。 yourself (in/on/beside etc sth) Remain seated until the aircraft has come to a complete stop. Paul was seated at his desk. Please be seated. seated: adj. formal if someone is seated, they are sitting down 坐着 (=sit down) 请就座。 的 seated at/near/beside etc be seated: adj. spoken used to ask people politely to sit down Extended Activities H Dictation Read more Translation Dictation P3 Taste for natural beauty often changes with the times. The sunflower is a good case in point. The sunflower has been grown in Britain for four centuries, but it spent a long time out of favour. For years it was looked upon as something of a joke flower, climbing to a ridiculous height and bearing a top-heavy head that soon sagged and withered away. Some people grew them for their edible seeds, while school-children, interested by their size, strove to rival the world record of about seven metres. Not even the labours of the great artists such as Vincent van Gogh could transform the sunflower's unfashionable image. In the past two or three years, all this has changed. Vases of sunflowers appear in the corners of smart shops, departments and boutiques. They creep into the background of graceful advertisement for high fashion. Seed businessmen and florists report unprecedented demand for them for gardens and ambitious indoor arrangements. Read more Get Yourself Lost P3 scramble: [vi+adv./prep.] to climb up, down, or over sth quickly and with difficulty, esp. using your hands to help you （迅速而吃力地）爬，攀 登 scramble up/down/over etc e.g. She managed to scramble over the wall. intrigue: vt. [often passive] if sth intrigues you, it interests you a lot because it seems strange or mysterious 激起…的兴趣；引发…的好奇 心 e.g. What you say intrigues me; tell me more. authentic: adj. true and accurate 真实的；真正的 SYN-genuine e.g. an authentic account of life in the desert The report is authentic. Read more P3 plunge: [vi./vt.+adv./prep.] to move, fall, or be thrown suddenly forwards or downwards 投（入）；跳（入）；冲 plunge off/into etc e.g. The boys plunged into the river to swim. The car stopped suddenly and he plunged forward. map sth out: to plan carefully how sth will happen（精心细致地）规划， 安排 e.g. He’s already mapped out his whole future career. Grammar 现在分词作状语(1) P3 现在分词作状语： 现在分词及其短语从表意的角度看可作状语，表时间、 原因、结果、条件、让步、方式、或伴随情况等。其动作可以发生在 谓语动词之前或之后，也可能与谓语动词的动作同时发生。 与主语动词同时 分词作时间状语，如果先与主动词的动作， 且强调先后， jumped with joy. e.g. Hearing the news, he要用having done。=As he had 分词的动作（接信）发生在谓语动词的动作（决心再写信） 之前，因此用分词的完成式。分词的否定式的构成为not + While finished histhe garden，hewent out.leg. walking in homework, he hurt his 先于主动词 分词，故选C。该句可理解为：Because he had not received a reply, he decided to went again. Having finished his homework, he write out. C ___ a reply, he decided to write again. A. Not receiving B. Receiving not C. Not having received D. Having not received 表原因，可放在句首或句末。 表时间，可置于句首，同时 e.g. Not receiving any letter from him, I gave him a call. Walking down the street, I ran into Sue. Grammar 现在分词作状语(2) P3 表条件，位置：之后或之前 e.g. Sit down, Emma. You will only make yourself more tired, keeping on your feet. 坐下吧，爱玛。你老站着，只会使得你更累。 表让步，位置：句首或句末 Finally we appealed to a famous doctor, knowing it was very improper 表结果，位置：句末 to ask him to work on a dog. 最后我们向一位名医呼救，虽然我们知 being followed 除表达被动之外，还有动作正在进行之 道请他给一条狗治病是很不恰当的。 It rained heavily, causing severe flooding in that country. 表方式或伴随情况，句首或句末 意。 followed by（被…跟随）。本题可改为：With 注意： 选择现在分词还是过去分词，关键看主句的主语。 came into her house carrying a bundle of clothes. Shesome officials following, Napoleon inspected his army. 如分词的动作是主句的主语发出，分词就选用现在分词， B _____ some officials, Napoleon ) used for a long time, 反之就用过去分词。e.g. (Being inspected his army. the Followed B. Followed by book, I find it useful. A. book looks old. Using the C. Being followed D. Having been followed B There was a terrible noise ___ the sudden burst of light. A. followed B. following C. to be followed D. being followed Grammar Absolute Nominative Structure1 P3 （一） 独立主格结构的构成： 名词普通格或代词主格+其它成分（形，副，介短，分词和不定式）（它 们之间存在着逻辑上的主谓关系） （二） 独立主格结构的特点： 1）独立主格结构的逻辑主语与句子的主语不同，它独立存在。 2）名词或代词与后面的分词，形容词，副词，不定 式，介词等是主谓关 系。 3）独立主格结构一般有逗号与主句分开。 e.g. The test finished, we began our holiday. Weather permitting, we are going to visit you tomorrow. He came into the room, his ears red with cold. Grammar Absolute Nominative Structure2 P3 e.g. He came out of the library, a large book under his arm. The meeting over, everyone tired to go home earlier. （三） 独立主格结构的用法： 注意：分词短语作状语时，它的逻辑主语 应该是句子的主语。但独立主格结构的逻 独立主格在句子中作状语，可以表示时间、原因、条件和方式、伴随。 B. It being Sunday, you needn't go to school. 辑主语与句子的主语不是同一个人或事。 school. 主要用于书面语，表示描述。 go to school. Being Sunday, you needn't A. Because it is Sunday, you needn't go to A. All the officials having arrived, B. After (when) all the officials had e.g. 今天是星期天，你不必去上学。（A. 原因从句 B. 分词独立结构） the meeting meeting was open. arrived, the was declareddeclared open. 官员们都到齐了，宣布开会。 （A. 时状从句 B. 分词独立结构） B. If weatherdone, you we'llhaveto the Summer Palace. permits , A. Weather permitting ,we'll go to the Summer Palace. All the work can go a rest. =All 天气允许的话，我们去颐和园。 （A. 条状从句 B. 分词独立结构） the work is done and you can have a rest. 所有的工作都完成了，你们可以休息了。 逻辑谓语是adj./adv 时,前面省略being 会议结束后，他们都回家了。 The meeting (being) over, they all went home. Grammar Absolute Nominative Structure3 P3 （四） 有时,独立主格结构可以由with引出 ： 当分词表示伴随状况时，其 表伴随时，既可用分词的独立结构，也可用with的复合结构：with +名词 主语常常用with来引导 (代词)+现在分词/过去分词/形容词/副词/不定式/介词短语 D The murder was brought in, with his hands ___ behind his back. A. being tied B. having tied C. to be tied D. tied 注意: 1. 有时, 这种结构中的冠词或物主代词可省去，称为泛指结构，反之， 称为特指结构. …, umbrella in be an e.g. Judging from her=accent, she must hand. American. He came out, with an umbrella in his hand. e.g. Generally speaking, the living costs are relatively higher in cities. = …, guns on shoulders. The guards stood at resources with are on their shoulders. Talking of the world attention, , theyguns very limited. 2. 分词固定短语：（有时表示说话人态度的分词结构已成为固定短语， 不遵循其逻辑主语和句子主语一致的原则）。 Translations for reference P3 Parents must accompany their children to school because the traffic is too busy on the road. Loaded with packs, I was unable to walk fast. He made several attempts before finally passing the university entrance examinations. Young people tend to feel disdain for anything old-fashioned. This novel testifies to his rich knowledge of the culture of the tribe. Due to a backlog of paper work, the company had to put off interviewing the job applicants. The teacher pointed out that there were several places in his performance that were out of tune.