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									2F ~ Savannah News-Press • Sunday, July 18, 1993


                                                                                                                              Key West Rediscovering Historic Link With Cuba

 ALL ABOARD !
       Special Event at AAA Travel:
                                                                                                                              By NANCY KLINQENER
                                                                                                                              Kmght-Rjdder Newspapers

                                                                                                                                   CAYO HUESO, Fla. - The Cu-
                                                                                                                              ban rafters arrive in small numbers
                                                                                                                               mostly, a few people clinging to im-
                                                                                                                              probably small craft, throwing their
                                                                                                                              lives at the mercy of the unforgiving
                                                    featuring                                                                 Florida Straits, risking death from                                IE
                                                                                                                              border guards who shoot to kill.
                Amtrak's Air-Rail Travel Plan                                                                                      Their story is as new as today's                         CUBAN
          Two threat wavs to travel — one low price!
                                                                                                                              headlines - and as old as the wood-
                                                                                                                              en cottages of Key West.
                                                                                                                                                                                          HERITAGE
                                                                                                                                   The rafters are retracing the                             TRAIL
                Come in and apeak with tfac opens from Arnoak.                                                                path that hundreds of thousands                Many of the landmarks
AAA Tiavd Agency wi boa an open housefeaturinga local opert on Amtrak ni Wvd.                                                 have crossed. They are adding an-
                                                                                                                              other strand to a thick rope, the ob-             in the long history of
                       Join Bill Ray                                                                                          vious but often ignored tie, some-             Cuban-Key West, Fla.,
                                                                                                                              times strained but never broken, be-               relations have been
           Friday, July 23,1993 • 1 — 3 p.m.                                                                                  tween the two islands, Cuba and                  ignored, unknown or
             712 Mall Boulevard, Savannah                                                                                     Cayp Hueso (Bone Island, the name
                                                                                                                              given to the key by Spanish explor-             unmarked. So the city
                        352-8222                                                                                              ers).                                               is creating a Cuban
                                                                                                                                   Nowadays, the emigres don't               Heritage Trail to guide
 ———GRAND PRIZE:                                                                                                   __         stay long. Miami is the Cuban-                   tourists and locals to
  Register to win a trip for two on Amtrak's Air-Rail Travd Plan*                                                             American capital, where they go in                homes, hotels, cigar
                                                                                                                              search of family and jobs. But be-
 AAA members receive a 5% discount on Auto Train, valid                                                        AMTRAK*        fore that city existed, South Florida              factories and monu-
 through Sept 30,1993. Book your holiday travel now.                                                                          was Key West. In the last third of              ments, some of which
                                                                                                                              the 19th Century, it was home to a                       were key in the
               TRAVEL AGENCY                                                            * Eastern Region       R-A-I-L        thriving Cuban community.                               struggle against
                Auto Club South                                                     Promo code: 50001/0793     TRAVTI PLAN
                                                                                                                                  You'd never know it now. Not un-            Spanish Colonial rule.
                                                                                                                              less you know where to look, how to
                                                                                                                              peel back the decay and neglect that                  ANALARRAURI
                                                                                                                              have obscured many of Key West's
                                                                                                                              historical ties with Cuba.                            Tht Miami H«r»W
 AMERICAN EXPRESS                                                                                                                 If you listen, you can hear the lilt
                                                                                                                              of Spanish in the inimitable Conch
                                                                                                                              accent. If you inhale, you can smell
                                                                                                                              the Cuban coffee brewing in homes
                                                                                                                              and cafes. If you talk to an old-tim-
 PRINCESS CRUISES                                                              KIDS CRUISE                                    er, you can look at an abandoned
                                                                                                                              Navy commissary and see a Cuban
   CHOOSE EITHER A "NIKON
     NICE TOUCH 35MM
   CAMERA11 OR A PAIR OF
                                                                               F                                              cigar factory. You can stop for a
                                                                                                                              drink at a fashionable guesthouse
                                                                                                                                                                    was driven by twin engines: political in service to his lifelong mission.
                                                                                                                                                                     freedom and economic benefit. Here Three years later, the United States
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 "There are some families where
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             they transmit from grandparents
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             and parents to the descendants, all
                                                                              THE BIG RED BOAT, ROYAL                         and see the mansion where exile        the revolutionaries could write and entered the fray and Spain left.
   BUSHNELL BINOCULARS                                                       CARIBBEAN CRUISE LINE &                          hero Jose Marti spoke from a balco-    speak freely. Here the cigar facto-       In the long period of friendly re-            the important things," said Sanchez,
   WHEN YOU MAKE FINAL                                                    AMERICAN HAWAII CRUISES HAVE                        ny;                                    ries were prospering, employing lations between Cuba and the United                     76.
  PAYMENT ON A EUROPEAN                                                    SPECIAL OFFERS EXCLUSIVELY AT                          Now there's a movement to redis- thousands.                               States, travel between the two is-                   Key West's mayor, Dennis Ward-
     SAIUNG THROUGH                                                                                                           cover the Cuban history of the is-        Enterprising emigres opened lands was commonplace Juan                               low, knows how important the ties
                                                                          YOUR LOCAL AMERICAN EXPRESS                                                                                                                                                        between islands are, His grandfa:
  AMERICAN EXPRESS TRAVEL                                                                                                     land.                                 shops, restaurants and newspapers Carbonell was one of those revolu-
                                                                                  TRAVEL AGENCY
                                                                                                                                  The city is putting together a to serve the new Cuban population of tionaries who came to Key West in                      ther, Bedado Rodriguez, came to
                                                                                                                              map, targeted at tourists and Keys Key West, which became known as 1885 and stayed, even when the                              Key West as Cuban consul in 1938,
 CHRISTMAS IN JULY
     BUY YOUR AIRLINE
                                                                                             ASK                             students, pointing out^ formerly ob- Cayo Hueso again - and the capital Spanish were gone from Cuba. He
                                                                                                                             scured landmarks. The tour will be of the Cuban revolutionary struggle. opened a restaurant and later the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             bringing his family with him. The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             consul's daughter attended the con-
  TICKET FROM AMERICAN ABOUT OUR SPECIAL CAR
                                                                                                                             called the Cuban Heritage Trail.           In 1870, a feud developed between Monroe and Strand movie theaters.                  vent school at Mary Immaculate.
                          DISCOUNTS AND                                                                                          The San Carlos Institute on Duval Gonzalo Castaon, a Havana newspa-           His son; Ygnacio Carbonell, re-               When Rodriguez died in 1944, his
   EXPRESS AND REGISTER                                                                                                      Street - founded as a social club by per editor loyal to the Spanish, and members riding Flagler's Overseas                     daughter stayed, translating docu-
 FOR A $50.00 AMERICAN   COMPARE OUR CAR                                                                                     Cuban exiles in 1871 and today a mu- Juaiv Reyes, editor of Key West's Railway and seeing inventor Thom-                        ments for the Navy. Then she mar-
   EXPRESS GIFT CHEQUE  RENTAL RATES BEFORE                                                                                  seum and concert hall - is trying to "El Republicano." Castaon crossed as Edison come into his father's                         ried into the Wardlow family.
 -DRAWING ON AUGUST 16-  YOU LEAVE TOWN                                                                                      rekindle the spirit of Cuban heri- the Straits to settle the feud in per- movie theater4. He also remembers                         Wardlow has fond memories of
                                                                                                                             tage. San Carlos President Rafael son and was shot in a crowd on taking part in dances held at the Cu-                          visiting cousins in Cuba as a child,
Look for our Special Announcement on Sunday Aug. 1st                                                                         Pealver plans to bring in the Cuba- Duval Street, His killers were pro- ban Club on Duval Street every Sat-                     but few of the papers or paintings
                                                                                                                             Florida exhibit from Miami's His- tected by the community and spirit- urday nrght and visiting Cuba with                        from his grandfather's office. The
YOUR ONE-STOP TRAVEL AGENCY                                                                                                  torical Museum of Southern Florida, ed away before they could be his mother.                                                    Cuban history of Key West, he
                                                                                                                             and he is planning a guidebook for charged. The place where Castaon               "Every time my mother and my                  agrees, largely has been lost as offi-
                                                                                      5500 Abercom Street in                 students.                              was shot is now a bank parking lot. father had a fight or something, she                 cial ties between the two islands
                    Vacations                                     ^s                Twelve Oaks Shopping Center                  "Kids of Cuban descent will come No sign marks the tumultuous event. took off to Cuba," said Carbonell, 80,                 were cut off.
                                                                                                                             here and they will be able to walk         The new arrivals didn't take long Later, he went back to play in tennis                  "i think the Cuban heritage is in
RoNn bo SMC] oo
ing cfa» RO*M wbf«cf to
                                                                  ling on deport*
                                                                                      351-O77O                               through the steps of their history," to make their mark in local politics, tournaments or hunt on the Isle of
                                                                                                                             Peal versa id.                         either. Cubans were elected to the Pines.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             the food and the households," Ward-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             low said. "Myself. I can't survive
                                                                                                                                 "When you go around Key West, state Legislature, to justice of the            The Cuban influence on Key West               without my "buche" (Cuban coffee)
                                                                                                                             it's amazing to see the lack of peace, to county judge. In 1875, in waned as the activists returned to                          in the morning and the afternoon
                 . ... S   V ,   fA\
                                                                                                                             awareness/' said Florida historian time to preside over Centennial cele- Cuba and the cigar factories moved                         The renovation of the San Carlos
                                                                                                                             Glenn Westfall, author of "Key brations, the citizens chose as their to Tampa. Key West itself hit hard                          - with the money and energy com-


      Omni Hotels...
                                                                                                                             West: Cigar City U.S.A.", a chroni- mayor Carlos de Cespedes, son of times when a hurricane struck in                           ing from elsewhere/ mainly Miami
                                                                                                                             cle of the industry and its influence Cuba's revolutionary hero. (Dade 1919. The city went bankrupt in the                      - has provoked resentment among
                                                                                                                             on the island. "It's quite surprising. County at that time had a total voter Depression, so devastated that the                 some in the local Cuban community.
                                                                                                                             It was the cigar industry that really registration of 17 people.)              federal government considered shut-              Audiences for the special events
                                                                                                                             brought Key West on the map."              "In Miami, when the first Cuban ting the place down and sending its

      Summer Break
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             there have largely been- groups
                                                                                                                                 It's not that Key West doesn't legislators began to be elected in the people elsewhere.                                     chartered from Miami and else-
                                                                                                                             know how to celebrate and sell histo- 1980s, I heard everywhere 'the first        Throughout, some Cubans re-                   where.
                                                                                                                             ry - far from it. In guidebooks, on    this, the first that,'" said Miami his- mained in Key West. The San Carlos                   But Pealver, the president, said
                                                                                                                             tours, in bars, Key West proudly torian Miguel Bretos. "Not really. was rebuilt after the hurricane with                        he is optimistic that the Cuban peo-
                                                                                                                             shows off its Bahamian-New Ene- The first Cuban legislator in Talla- money from the Cuban government,                           ple of Key West are accepting the
                                                                                                                             land-Victorian architecture, tells hassee dates back to the 1870s."            becoming a consulate and school as               San Carlos, happy to have the hall
                                                                                                                             tales of pirate wreckers luring ships      In 1887, the island's English-lan- well as a club.                                   back open and refurbished. The is-
                                                                                                                             onto the reef, and displays photos of  guage paper, "The Equator", began          Benildes Remond Sanchez was a                 land itself will always be in the
                                                                                                                             famous writers catching fish and       publishing a Spanish edition, "El young teacher in Havana in 1936                        hearts of the Cuban people, he said,
                                                                                                                             downing rum. Little is said about the Ecuador'1. In the 1890s, Marti was in when a delegation from Key West                     whether their grandparents came
                                                                                                                             Cubans, about what they did here, New York writing patriotic treatises arrived. They were looking for a                         here or they arrived at Truman An-
                                                                                                                             about their descendants who still and raising funds for an organized teacher for the San Carlos. Sanchez                        nex Navy docks during the Mariel
                                                                                                                             live here.                             uprising in Cuba. When he needed to agreed to take the job.                              boatlift.
                                                                                                                                  About 16 percent of the popula- galvanize support and unite all the          In 1938, she was appointed princi-                In a post-Castro Cuba, when the
                                                                                                                             tion - or 4,959 people - is Hispanic, factions that had been feuding since pal, a job she held until 1962, when                 Cuban Americans of Miami and the
                                                                                                                             according to the 1990 Census.          the Ten Years War, he came to Key the San Carlos foundered as diplo-                     people of Cuba are learning to live
                                                                                                                                 From the beginning of Cuban in- West.                                      matic ties between the two islands               together, Key West and its long his-
                                                                                                                             surrection against the rule of Colo-       Here, Marti laid out the princi- were severed. During that quarter-                  torical ties with Cuba will become
                                                                                                                             nial Spain, Key West has served as ples of his Cuban Revolutionary century, Sanchez taught Cuban his-                           even more important, Pealver said.
                                                                                                                              refuge and retreat. In his 1912 book Party, a federation of exiles based tory to legions of schoolchildren, re-                    "I really see Key West as a phys-
                                                                                                                              "Key West: The Old and the New", on the patriotic clubs that flourished minding them of Marti1s visits and                     ical and philosophical meeting
                                                                                                                             Jefferson Browne describes popular in Key West and other exile centers of Key West's role in the history of                     ground between the Cubans of Cuba
                                                                                                                              support for Cuban revolutionaries as such as New York and Tampa. Here Cuba.                                                    and the United States," he said.
                                                                                                                              early as 1850. When Carlos Manuel he appealed again and again for                Now Sanchez is talking those sub-             "Key West became the focal place
                                                                                                                              de Cespedes declared Cuban inde- money from wealthy factory owners jects again, on radio fund-raisers for                      because of its geographical proximi-
                                                                                                                              pendence in 1868, starting the like Eduardo Gato. Here he tried to the Transit Home for Cuban Refu-                            ty. That hasn't changed. The only
                                                                                                                              doomed Ten Years War for freedom, coax those with strong revolutionary gees and at the San Carlos, which                       thing that's changed is you've added
                                                                                                                              the exodus to Key West began in passions into waiting for a united at- reopened last year after a five-year                    a million Cubans at the other side of
              vAnni Hotels Summer Break rates are                                                                             earnest.                              tack on the Spanish rulers of Cuba.     restoration. But she worries that for            the bridge.
              available Thursday through Sunday—                                                                                  Then, as now, the immigration         Marti died in 1895, on Cuban soil, too long the history was neglected.                   "Key West is the bridge."
              perfect for a short or longgetaway.
                                                                                                                                                                         England are cozied up to weaving          the rural communities I have been
               ATLANTA, GA
                   ;
  Omni I iotel ,it C\ \ Outer
                                                                                           ORLANDO, FL
                                                                              Omni Orlando Hotel
                                                                                                                              Arts                                       imitations of Indian prayer cloths.
                                                                                                                                                                         Richards will use almost any med-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   through - where they (GCA) want
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   to see arts going on - are very
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Hall, Monday to July 31. An opening
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             reception will be held Tuesday, 5-7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             p.m.
                                                                              at Centroplex                                                                              ium to create his art. In the center of   grassroots. I don't know if they have          Hiroshi Fuchigany, a SCAD grad-
                                                                                                                              Continued From Page 1F                     the room is a collection of "Ukraini-     that kind of funding." She explained      uate student from Tokyo, Japan, will
                                                                                    *" , V <,;'                                                                          an" eggs. Richard created the geo-        that the arts in rural communities        exhibit a collection of his photo-
           CHARLESTON, SC                                                                          TAMPA, FL                   conservation program (for outdoor         metric batik designs on both chicken      often consist of a few individual art-    graphs as part of his master's the-
  Omni Charleston PUia- ,- $4l"|(ft*t                                         Omni Tampa Hotel                                 art), you will come to Savannah."         and the much larger ostrich eggs us-      ists creating their own work rather       sis, in the Rapid Transit Gallery, 342
                                                                              at Westshore
                                                                                                                                  Gardner said the city's preserva-      ing European vegetable dyes.              than a community program or asso-         Bull St. An opening reception will be
                                                                                                                               tion program for its outdoor sculp-           The New Forest Studio is open         ciation. But the next step in the         held Monday, 5-7 p.m. The show
         JACKSONVILLE, FL                                                           WEST PALM BEACH, FL                        tures will become a "model for the        from noon to 6 p.m., Tuesday              Grassroots Program is to get the          closes July 31.
  (>mni !,iv k-Hnu'illt- \ jott'l                      $Cft*                  Omni West Palm Beach Hotel                       rest of the country."                     through Saturday.                         word out. Who knows what seeds                             • • •
                                                                                                                                               • • •                                    • • •                      might take roof
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • • •                           Art in Augusta: The Morris Mu-
                                                                                                                                  Other "Monumental" Stuff: Jack             Reaching Out Rurally: The city's                                                seum of Art in Augusta is holding an
                                                                                                                               Richards may not be working to pre-       Department of Cultural Affairs has            A Unique Body of Work: The            exhibition of works by painter Will
                                        Visit these or anv of the 43 Omni Hotels in                                            serve outdoor sculpture, but he is        been chosen to administer the new         ART Center at City Market exhibi-
                                       the U.S., Mexico, "Hong Kong and Singapore.                                                                                                                                                                           Henry Stevens. The artist is report-
                                                                                                                               painting pictures of stone monu-          Grassroots Arts Program. Granted,         tion featuring new work by 25 in-         edly one of the most compelling non-
                                                                                                                               ments.                                    the Georgia Assembly has allocated        house artists opened July 16. Catch       objective artists in the category of
                     *'•'' Children's Activities Destination.
                                                                                                                                   The Savannah artist and owner of      only $3,973 to Chatham County, but        the diverse collection of Savannah        Southern modernism Born in Indi-
  t Rate< mav be available 7 Javs a week, ask when making vour reservations,                                                   the New Forest Studios, 127 E. Con-       the Georgia Council for the Arts           art through Aug. 2 in the second
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ana in 1881, Stevens lived and
                                                                                                                               gress St.. is exhibiting a new collec-    (GCA) hopes the fund will work as         floor gallery, 308 W St. Julian St.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   City Market.                              worked in New Orleans and the

                             OMNI HOTELS'        \\armlv Welcoming People
                                                                                                                             | tion of his works that depict huge ob-
                                                                                                                               elisks floating over English land-
                                                                                                                               scapes The stones are decorated
                                                                                                                               with symbols that have appeared in
                                                                                                                                                                         seed money to help rural arts pro-
                                                                                                                                                                         grams grow.
                                                                                                                                                                             The fund is part of a $200,000 ap-
                                                                                                                                                                         propriation shared among 38 agen-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   • • •
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       SCAD Shows: A group photo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   show featuring the work of 15 photo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             mountains of North Carolina from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1921 until his death in 1949.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The show is open through the end
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             of the summer More information is
                                                                                                                               wheat fields in England, either           cies that apportion the money to          department staff members at SCAD
                                                                                                                               through ordinary or allegedly extra-      each Georgia county. Savannah's           is being held in the Main Gallery of      available by calling (706^724-7501
                                           Rt-.(. r \ < i t u < f i - i ,ti! V»ur I                A-vnr <n
                                                                                                                               ordinary means, said Richards The         Director of Cultural Affairs Annette      Bergen Hall. 101 Martin Luthen                             • • •
                                          1-800-THE-OMNI                                                                       symbols, which date from ancient
                                                                                                                               times, are all spiritual in nature
                                                                                                                                                                         Wallenmeyer said the program re-
                                                                                                                                                                         quires that an agency or group of in-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   King. Jr Blvd., through July 31. A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   reception for the show will be held
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Marty Shuter is a features writer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             for the Savannah News-Press. Send
                                                                                                                                   Richards' new works are nestled       dividuals that want to use part of the    July 29. 5-7 p m                          submissions to Eye on Art. c/o Mar-
                                                    ••,.;.(   "   !.'".i,'.    .,;>•'..   ' •• •                               in his small gallery that does double     $3,973 must be able to match each             Piranit Bhengsri, a SCAD gradu-       ty Shuter, Features Department Sa-
                                                                                                                               duty as a studio All the paintings on     state dollar they receive in grant        ate student from Bangkok. Thailand,       vannah News-Press, P.O. Box 1088,
                                                                                                                               the four walls of the front room are      money with 75 cents of their own          will exhibit a collection of his photo-   Savannah, GA 31432. or send a fax to
                                                                                                                               hung cheek to jowl landscape                 "This is a good incentive." said       graphs as part of his master's the-       Marty Shuter, 234-6522 or call
                                                                                                                              pieces of thatched-root houses in          Wallenmeyer "But unfortunately            sis, in the M.F.A. Gallery of Bergen      234-9511. ext. 346

								
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