2F ~ Savannah News-Press • Sunday, July 18, 1993
Key West Rediscovering Historic Link With Cuba
ALL ABOARD !
Special Event at AAA Travel:
By NANCY KLINQENER
CAYO HUESO, Fla. - The Cu-
ban rafters arrive in small numbers
mostly, a few people clinging to im-
probably small craft, throwing their
lives at the mercy of the unforgiving
featuring Florida Straits, risking death from IE
border guards who shoot to kill.
Amtrak's Air-Rail Travel Plan Their story is as new as today's CUBAN
Two threat wavs to travel — one low price!
headlines - and as old as the wood-
en cottages of Key West.
The rafters are retracing the TRAIL
Come in and apeak with tfac opens from Arnoak. path that hundreds of thousands Many of the landmarks
AAA Tiavd Agency wi boa an open housefeaturinga local opert on Amtrak ni Wvd. have crossed. They are adding an-
other strand to a thick rope, the ob- in the long history of
Join Bill Ray vious but often ignored tie, some- Cuban-Key West, Fla.,
times strained but never broken, be- relations have been
Friday, July 23,1993 • 1 — 3 p.m. tween the two islands, Cuba and ignored, unknown or
712 Mall Boulevard, Savannah Cayp Hueso (Bone Island, the name
given to the key by Spanish explor- unmarked. So the city
352-8222 ers). is creating a Cuban
Nowadays, the emigres don't Heritage Trail to guide
———GRAND PRIZE: __ stay long. Miami is the Cuban- tourists and locals to
Register to win a trip for two on Amtrak's Air-Rail Travd Plan* American capital, where they go in homes, hotels, cigar
search of family and jobs. But be-
AAA members receive a 5% discount on Auto Train, valid AMTRAK* fore that city existed, South Florida factories and monu-
through Sept 30,1993. Book your holiday travel now. was Key West. In the last third of ments, some of which
the 19th Century, it was home to a were key in the
TRAVEL AGENCY * Eastern Region R-A-I-L thriving Cuban community. struggle against
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You'd never know it now. Not un- Spanish Colonial rule.
less you know where to look, how to
peel back the decay and neglect that ANALARRAURI
have obscured many of Key West's
historical ties with Cuba. Tht Miami H«r»W
AMERICAN EXPRESS If you listen, you can hear the lilt
of Spanish in the inimitable Conch
accent. If you inhale, you can smell
the Cuban coffee brewing in homes
and cafes. If you talk to an old-tim-
PRINCESS CRUISES KIDS CRUISE er, you can look at an abandoned
Navy commissary and see a Cuban
CHOOSE EITHER A "NIKON
NICE TOUCH 35MM
CAMERA11 OR A PAIR OF
F cigar factory. You can stop for a
drink at a fashionable guesthouse
was driven by twin engines: political in service to his lifelong mission.
freedom and economic benefit. Here Three years later, the United States
"There are some families where
they transmit from grandparents
and parents to the descendants, all
THE BIG RED BOAT, ROYAL and see the mansion where exile the revolutionaries could write and entered the fray and Spain left.
BUSHNELL BINOCULARS CARIBBEAN CRUISE LINE & hero Jose Marti spoke from a balco- speak freely. Here the cigar facto- In the long period of friendly re- the important things," said Sanchez,
WHEN YOU MAKE FINAL AMERICAN HAWAII CRUISES HAVE ny; ries were prospering, employing lations between Cuba and the United 76.
PAYMENT ON A EUROPEAN SPECIAL OFFERS EXCLUSIVELY AT Now there's a movement to redis- thousands. States, travel between the two is- Key West's mayor, Dennis Ward-
SAIUNG THROUGH cover the Cuban history of the is- Enterprising emigres opened lands was commonplace Juan low, knows how important the ties
YOUR LOCAL AMERICAN EXPRESS between islands are, His grandfa:
AMERICAN EXPRESS TRAVEL land. shops, restaurants and newspapers Carbonell was one of those revolu-
The city is putting together a to serve the new Cuban population of tionaries who came to Key West in ther, Bedado Rodriguez, came to
map, targeted at tourists and Keys Key West, which became known as 1885 and stayed, even when the Key West as Cuban consul in 1938,
CHRISTMAS IN JULY
BUY YOUR AIRLINE
ASK students, pointing out^ formerly ob- Cayo Hueso again - and the capital Spanish were gone from Cuba. He
scured landmarks. The tour will be of the Cuban revolutionary struggle. opened a restaurant and later the
bringing his family with him. The
consul's daughter attended the con-
TICKET FROM AMERICAN ABOUT OUR SPECIAL CAR
called the Cuban Heritage Trail. In 1870, a feud developed between Monroe and Strand movie theaters. vent school at Mary Immaculate.
DISCOUNTS AND The San Carlos Institute on Duval Gonzalo Castaon, a Havana newspa- His son; Ygnacio Carbonell, re- When Rodriguez died in 1944, his
EXPRESS AND REGISTER Street - founded as a social club by per editor loyal to the Spanish, and members riding Flagler's Overseas daughter stayed, translating docu-
FOR A $50.00 AMERICAN COMPARE OUR CAR Cuban exiles in 1871 and today a mu- Juaiv Reyes, editor of Key West's Railway and seeing inventor Thom- ments for the Navy. Then she mar-
EXPRESS GIFT CHEQUE RENTAL RATES BEFORE seum and concert hall - is trying to "El Republicano." Castaon crossed as Edison come into his father's ried into the Wardlow family.
-DRAWING ON AUGUST 16- YOU LEAVE TOWN rekindle the spirit of Cuban heri- the Straits to settle the feud in per- movie theater4. He also remembers Wardlow has fond memories of
tage. San Carlos President Rafael son and was shot in a crowd on taking part in dances held at the Cu- visiting cousins in Cuba as a child,
Look for our Special Announcement on Sunday Aug. 1st Pealver plans to bring in the Cuba- Duval Street, His killers were pro- ban Club on Duval Street every Sat- but few of the papers or paintings
Florida exhibit from Miami's His- tected by the community and spirit- urday nrght and visiting Cuba with from his grandfather's office. The
YOUR ONE-STOP TRAVEL AGENCY torical Museum of Southern Florida, ed away before they could be his mother. Cuban history of Key West, he
and he is planning a guidebook for charged. The place where Castaon "Every time my mother and my agrees, largely has been lost as offi-
5500 Abercom Street in students. was shot is now a bank parking lot. father had a fight or something, she cial ties between the two islands
Vacations ^s Twelve Oaks Shopping Center "Kids of Cuban descent will come No sign marks the tumultuous event. took off to Cuba," said Carbonell, 80, were cut off.
here and they will be able to walk The new arrivals didn't take long Later, he went back to play in tennis "i think the Cuban heritage is in
RoNn bo SMC] oo
ing cfa» RO*M wbf«cf to
ling on deport*
351-O77O through the steps of their history," to make their mark in local politics, tournaments or hunt on the Isle of
Peal versa id. either. Cubans were elected to the Pines.
the food and the households," Ward-
low said. "Myself. I can't survive
"When you go around Key West, state Legislature, to justice of the The Cuban influence on Key West without my "buche" (Cuban coffee)
it's amazing to see the lack of peace, to county judge. In 1875, in waned as the activists returned to in the morning and the afternoon
. ... S V , fA\
awareness/' said Florida historian time to preside over Centennial cele- Cuba and the cigar factories moved The renovation of the San Carlos
Glenn Westfall, author of "Key brations, the citizens chose as their to Tampa. Key West itself hit hard - with the money and energy com-
West: Cigar City U.S.A.", a chroni- mayor Carlos de Cespedes, son of times when a hurricane struck in ing from elsewhere/ mainly Miami
cle of the industry and its influence Cuba's revolutionary hero. (Dade 1919. The city went bankrupt in the - has provoked resentment among
on the island. "It's quite surprising. County at that time had a total voter Depression, so devastated that the some in the local Cuban community.
It was the cigar industry that really registration of 17 people.) federal government considered shut- Audiences for the special events
brought Key West on the map." "In Miami, when the first Cuban ting the place down and sending its
there have largely been- groups
It's not that Key West doesn't legislators began to be elected in the people elsewhere. chartered from Miami and else-
know how to celebrate and sell histo- 1980s, I heard everywhere 'the first Throughout, some Cubans re- where.
ry - far from it. In guidebooks, on this, the first that,'" said Miami his- mained in Key West. The San Carlos But Pealver, the president, said
tours, in bars, Key West proudly torian Miguel Bretos. "Not really. was rebuilt after the hurricane with he is optimistic that the Cuban peo-
shows off its Bahamian-New Ene- The first Cuban legislator in Talla- money from the Cuban government, ple of Key West are accepting the
land-Victorian architecture, tells hassee dates back to the 1870s." becoming a consulate and school as San Carlos, happy to have the hall
tales of pirate wreckers luring ships In 1887, the island's English-lan- well as a club. back open and refurbished. The is-
onto the reef, and displays photos of guage paper, "The Equator", began Benildes Remond Sanchez was a land itself will always be in the
famous writers catching fish and publishing a Spanish edition, "El young teacher in Havana in 1936 hearts of the Cuban people, he said,
downing rum. Little is said about the Ecuador'1. In the 1890s, Marti was in when a delegation from Key West whether their grandparents came
Cubans, about what they did here, New York writing patriotic treatises arrived. They were looking for a here or they arrived at Truman An-
about their descendants who still and raising funds for an organized teacher for the San Carlos. Sanchez nex Navy docks during the Mariel
live here. uprising in Cuba. When he needed to agreed to take the job. boatlift.
About 16 percent of the popula- galvanize support and unite all the In 1938, she was appointed princi- In a post-Castro Cuba, when the
tion - or 4,959 people - is Hispanic, factions that had been feuding since pal, a job she held until 1962, when Cuban Americans of Miami and the
according to the 1990 Census. the Ten Years War, he came to Key the San Carlos foundered as diplo- people of Cuba are learning to live
From the beginning of Cuban in- West. matic ties between the two islands together, Key West and its long his-
surrection against the rule of Colo- Here, Marti laid out the princi- were severed. During that quarter- torical ties with Cuba will become
nial Spain, Key West has served as ples of his Cuban Revolutionary century, Sanchez taught Cuban his- even more important, Pealver said.
refuge and retreat. In his 1912 book Party, a federation of exiles based tory to legions of schoolchildren, re- "I really see Key West as a phys-
"Key West: The Old and the New", on the patriotic clubs that flourished minding them of Marti1s visits and ical and philosophical meeting
Jefferson Browne describes popular in Key West and other exile centers of Key West's role in the history of ground between the Cubans of Cuba
support for Cuban revolutionaries as such as New York and Tampa. Here Cuba. and the United States," he said.
early as 1850. When Carlos Manuel he appealed again and again for Now Sanchez is talking those sub- "Key West became the focal place
de Cespedes declared Cuban inde- money from wealthy factory owners jects again, on radio fund-raisers for because of its geographical proximi-
pendence in 1868, starting the like Eduardo Gato. Here he tried to the Transit Home for Cuban Refu- ty. That hasn't changed. The only
doomed Ten Years War for freedom, coax those with strong revolutionary gees and at the San Carlos, which thing that's changed is you've added
the exodus to Key West began in passions into waiting for a united at- reopened last year after a five-year a million Cubans at the other side of
vAnni Hotels Summer Break rates are earnest. tack on the Spanish rulers of Cuba. restoration. But she worries that for the bridge.
available Thursday through Sunday— Then, as now, the immigration Marti died in 1895, on Cuban soil, too long the history was neglected. "Key West is the bridge."
perfect for a short or longgetaway.
England are cozied up to weaving the rural communities I have been
Omni I iotel ,it C\ \ Outer
Omni Orlando Hotel
Arts imitations of Indian prayer cloths.
Richards will use almost any med-
through - where they (GCA) want
to see arts going on - are very
Hall, Monday to July 31. An opening
reception will be held Tuesday, 5-7
at Centroplex ium to create his art. In the center of grassroots. I don't know if they have Hiroshi Fuchigany, a SCAD grad-
Continued From Page 1F the room is a collection of "Ukraini- that kind of funding." She explained uate student from Tokyo, Japan, will
*" , V <,;' an" eggs. Richard created the geo- that the arts in rural communities exhibit a collection of his photo-
CHARLESTON, SC TAMPA, FL conservation program (for outdoor metric batik designs on both chicken often consist of a few individual art- graphs as part of his master's the-
Omni Charleston PUia- ,- $4l"|(ft*t Omni Tampa Hotel art), you will come to Savannah." and the much larger ostrich eggs us- ists creating their own work rather sis, in the Rapid Transit Gallery, 342
Gardner said the city's preserva- ing European vegetable dyes. than a community program or asso- Bull St. An opening reception will be
tion program for its outdoor sculp- The New Forest Studio is open ciation. But the next step in the held Monday, 5-7 p.m. The show
JACKSONVILLE, FL WEST PALM BEACH, FL tures will become a "model for the from noon to 6 p.m., Tuesday Grassroots Program is to get the closes July 31.
(>mni !,iv k-Hnu'illt- \ jott'l $Cft* Omni West Palm Beach Hotel rest of the country." through Saturday. word out. Who knows what seeds • • •
• • • • • • might take roof
• • • Art in Augusta: The Morris Mu-
Other "Monumental" Stuff: Jack Reaching Out Rurally: The city's seum of Art in Augusta is holding an
Richards may not be working to pre- Department of Cultural Affairs has A Unique Body of Work: The exhibition of works by painter Will
Visit these or anv of the 43 Omni Hotels in serve outdoor sculpture, but he is been chosen to administer the new ART Center at City Market exhibi-
the U.S., Mexico, "Hong Kong and Singapore. Henry Stevens. The artist is report-
painting pictures of stone monu- Grassroots Arts Program. Granted, tion featuring new work by 25 in- edly one of the most compelling non-
ments. the Georgia Assembly has allocated house artists opened July 16. Catch objective artists in the category of
*'•'' Children's Activities Destination.
The Savannah artist and owner of only $3,973 to Chatham County, but the diverse collection of Savannah Southern modernism Born in Indi-
t Rate< mav be available 7 Javs a week, ask when making vour reservations, the New Forest Studios, 127 E. Con- the Georgia Council for the Arts art through Aug. 2 in the second
ana in 1881, Stevens lived and
gress St.. is exhibiting a new collec- (GCA) hopes the fund will work as floor gallery, 308 W St. Julian St.
City Market. worked in New Orleans and the
OMNI HOTELS' \\armlv Welcoming People
| tion of his works that depict huge ob-
elisks floating over English land-
scapes The stones are decorated
with symbols that have appeared in
seed money to help rural arts pro-
The fund is part of a $200,000 ap-
propriation shared among 38 agen-
• • •
SCAD Shows: A group photo
show featuring the work of 15 photo
mountains of North Carolina from
1921 until his death in 1949.
The show is open through the end
of the summer More information is
wheat fields in England, either cies that apportion the money to department staff members at SCAD
through ordinary or allegedly extra- each Georgia county. Savannah's is being held in the Main Gallery of available by calling (706^724-7501
Rt-.(. r \ < i t u < f i - i ,ti! V»ur I A-vnr <n
ordinary means, said Richards The Director of Cultural Affairs Annette Bergen Hall. 101 Martin Luthen • • •
1-800-THE-OMNI symbols, which date from ancient
times, are all spiritual in nature
Wallenmeyer said the program re-
quires that an agency or group of in-
King. Jr Blvd., through July 31. A
reception for the show will be held
Marty Shuter is a features writer
for the Savannah News-Press. Send
Richards' new works are nestled dividuals that want to use part of the July 29. 5-7 p m submissions to Eye on Art. c/o Mar-
••,.;.( " !.'".i,'. .,;>•'.. ' •• • in his small gallery that does double $3,973 must be able to match each Piranit Bhengsri, a SCAD gradu- ty Shuter, Features Department Sa-
duty as a studio All the paintings on state dollar they receive in grant ate student from Bangkok. Thailand, vannah News-Press, P.O. Box 1088,
the four walls of the front room are money with 75 cents of their own will exhibit a collection of his photo- Savannah, GA 31432. or send a fax to
hung cheek to jowl landscape "This is a good incentive." said graphs as part of his master's the- Marty Shuter, 234-6522 or call
pieces of thatched-root houses in Wallenmeyer "But unfortunately sis, in the M.F.A. Gallery of Bergen 234-9511. ext. 346