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English grammar - Future Tense

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					Future Tense
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Task 1 - Identify the following future ‘tenses’: a) I am going to the theater later this evening. This is present continuous tense b) They’re going to play basketball on Tuesday afternoon. It is 'Going to' future tense c) Jane will have left her job by the end of the week. This is Future perfect tense d) The train leaves at 6.00 pm. This is Present simple tense e) At this time tomorrow I will be lying on the beach. This is future continuous tense f) Next year, Paul will have been living in Italy for 3 years. This is future perfect continuous tense g) It will probably rain tomorrow. This is future simple tense

Task 2 - State as many usages as possible of the future tenses below and give one example sentence of your own for each usage (not a sentence from the unit!): a) Future simple

Promises - I `ll help you later. - I 'll send you the information when I get it. To express a plan - He'll spend his vacation in Hawaii. Expressing prediction - Burak Obama will be the next President. Assumptions/speculations - I think they'll go there next year. b) Future continuous Interrupted Action in the Future - I will be watching TV when she arrives tonight. - I will be waiting for you when your bus arrives. Specific Time as an Interruption in the Future - At midnight tonight, we will still be driving through the desert To refer to future events which are fixed or decided - He will be coming to our house next year in summer. To predict the prsent - to guess what might be happening now - Smith might be working in his office at the moment. c) Future perfect Expresses the idea that something will occur before another action in the future - By next November, I will have received my promotion.

- I am not going to have finished this test by 3 o'clock. To show that something will continue up until another action in the future - By Monday, Susan is going to have had my book for a week. d) Future perfect continuous To show that something will continue up until a particular event or time in the future. - They will have been talking for over an hour by the time Thomas arrives. - How long will you have been studying when you graduate? Using the Future Perfect Continuous before another action in the future is a good way to show cause and effect. - John will be tired when he gets home because he will have been jogging for over an hour. e) ‘Going to’ future Predictions based on present evidence - I think he is going to give me money next month. Intentions - He is going to play football. Plans - I am going to finish my work within 2 hours.

Task 3 - State how the tenses below are formed grammatically. Explain positive, negative and question forms:

a) Future simple Positive form: Subject + will/shall + verb Examples 1. I will go 4. We will go 2. You will go 5. They will go 3. He/she/it will go 6. You will go Negative form: Subject + will + not + base form of verb Examples 1. I will not go 4. We will not go 2. You will not go 5. They will not go 3. He/She/It will not go 6. You will not go Question form: will + subject + base form of verb Examples 1. Will I go? 4. Will we go? 2. Will you go? 5. Will they go? 3. Will he/she/it go? 6. Will you go?

b) Future continuous Positive form: Subject + will + be + verb + ing (present participle) Examples: 1. I'll be eating. 4. We'll be eating. 2. You'll be eating. 5. They'll be eating. 3. He/She/It will be eating. 6. You'll eating. Negative form: Subject + will + not + verb + ing Examples: 1. I will not be eating. 4. We will not be eating. 2. You will not be eating. 5. They will not be eating. 3. He/She/It will not be eating. 6. You will not be eating. Question form: will + subject + be + verb + ing Examples: 1. Will I be eating? 4. Will we be eating? 2. Will you be eating? 5. Will they be eating? 3. Will he/she/it be eating? 6. Will you be eating?

c) Future perfect Positive form: Subject + will +have + past participle Examples: 1. I will have finished. 4. We will have finished. 2. You will have finished. 5. They will have finished. 3. He/she/It will have finished. 6. You will have finished. Negative form: Subject + will + not + have + past participle 1. I will not have finished. 4. We will not have finished. 2. You will not have finished. 5. They will not have finished. 3. He/She/It will not have finished. 6. You will not have finished. Question form: Will + Subject + have + past participle Examples: 1. Will I have finished? 4. Will we have finished? 2. Will you have finished? 5. Will they have finished? 3. Will he/she/it have finished? 6. Will you have finished?

d) Future perfect continuous Positive form: Subject + will + have + been + verb + ing Examples: 1. I will have been working. 4. We will have been working. 2. You will have been working. 5. They will have been working. 3. He/She/It have been working. 6. You will have been working. Negative form: Subject + will + not + have + been + verb + ing Examples: 1. I will not have been working. 4. We will not have been working. 2. You will not have been working. 5. They will not have been working. 3. He/She/It will not have been working. 6. You will not have been working. Question form: Will + subject + have + been + verb + ing Examples: 1. Will I have been working? 4. Will we have been working? 2. Will you have been working? 5. Will they have been working? 3. Will he/she/it have been working? 6. Will you have been working?

e) ‘Going to’ future Positive form: Subject + Auxiliary verb to be + going to + base form of verb Examples: 1. I am going to work next week. 4. We are going to work next week. 2. You are going to work next week. 5. They are going to work next week. 3. He/She/It is going to work next week. 6. You are going to work next week. Negative form: Subject + Auxiliary verb to be + not + going to + base form of verb Examples: 1. I am not going to work next week. 4. We are not going to work next week. 2. You are not going to work next week. 5. They are not going to work next week. 3. He/She/It is not going to work next week. 6. You are not going to work next week. Question form: Auxiliary verb to be + Subject + going to + base form of verb Examples: 1. Am I going to work next week? 4. Are we going to work next week? 2. Are you going to work next week? 5. Are they going to work next week? 3. Is he/she/it going to work next week? 6. Are you going to work next week?

Task 4 - Give at least 2 activate stage teaching ideas for the tenses below and give examples of sentences that you would expect your students to produce: a) Future simple i. Predicting what others will be like in X years e.g. He will look like his father after 10 years. ii. Fortune telling/palm reading e.g. You will become very rich, if you start this business. b) Future continuous

i. Arranging diaries/dates e.g. I will be going to Paris on next friday. ii. Trying to get out of the date from the hell e.g. Can we play football on friday? No, I'll be washing my clothes. Saturday? No, I'll be visiting my friend. Sundy? No, I'll be resting at home. c) Future perfect i. Invention of extremely successful future career e.g. students tell each other what they will have done by certain age/year. ii. Fill in future diaries and elicit questions in future perfect e.g. What will you have done by next week? d) Future perfect continuous i. Asking questions e.g. How long will you have been living in this city/working/learning? ii. Estimating about something or activity.. e.g. They will have been talking for over an hour by the time

e) ‘Going to’ future i. Making predictions based on evidence, such as weather forcast. e.g. It's going to rain in the evening. ii. Making holidays/birthday party plans e.g. I am going to visit Barcelona in my summer holidays.

Task 5 - Give examples of each of the pairs of tenses listed below and explain the difference in usage and structure between them as you would do to a low-level student: a) Present continuous (with a future meaning) and the ‘going to’ future

i) Explanation of differences in structure: Present continuous tense is formed mainly with subject, auxiliary verb to be and base form of verb + ing. e.g. We're taking our holidays in june. The 'going to' future tense is formed with subject, auxiliary verb to be, going to and verb e.g. I am going to visit my family next month. ii) Differences in usage: Present continuous tense i. For definite arrangements ii. For decisions and plans without a time frame 'Going to' future i. For expressing intentions ii. Predictions based on present evidence iii. Plans (decisions made before speaking) iii) Example sentences: Present continuous tense i. I'm going for swimming on sunday. ii. I'm leaving her. 'Going to' future i. I am going to play football this evening. ii. I think it's going to rain later. b) Future simple and future continuous i) Explanation of differences in structure: Future simple tense is mainly formed with subject, will and verb, whereas future continuous is formed with subject, will, be, verb + ing. ii) Differences in usage:

Future simple i. To make Promises ii. To express a plan iii. Expressing prediction Future continuous i. Interrupted Action in the Future ii. Specific Time as an Interruption in the Future iii. To refer to future events which are fixed or decided iii) Example sentences: Future simple i. I 'll send you the information when I get it. ii. He'll spend his vacation in Hawaii. iii. Burak Obama will be the next President. Future continuous - I will be watching TV when she arrives tonight. - I will be waiting for you when your bus arrives. - At midnight tonight, we will still be driving through the desert c) Future simple and ‘going to’ future i) Explanation of differences in structure: Future simple tense is mainly formed with subject, will and verb e.g I will go, whereas 'going to' future tense is formed with subject, auxiliary verb be, going to and verb e.g. He is going to vist his grandmother. ii) Differences in usage:

Future simple i. To make Promises ii. To express a plan iii. Expressing prediction iv. Assumptions/speculations 'Going to' future i. For expressing intentions ii. Predictions based on present evidence iii. Plans (decisions made before speaking) iii) Example sentences: Future simple i. I 'll send you the gift when I buy it. ii. He'll spend his vacation in Hawaii. iii. John will be the next boxing champion. 'Going to' future i. I am going to visit my friend this evening. ii. I think she will going to cook food for me. iii.They will going to play football this evening. d) Future simple and future perfect i) Explanation of differences in structure: Future simple tense is formed with subject, will and verb e.g. He will go to school on monday. Future perfect tense is mainly formed with subject, will, have and past participle e.g. I am not going to have finished this job by 3 o'clock.

ii) Differences in usage: Future simple i. I 'll send you the gift when I buy it.

ii. He'll spend his vacation in Hawaii. iii. John will be the next boxing champion. Future perfect i. Expresses the idea that something will occur before another action in the future ii. To show that something will continue up until another action in the future

iii) Example sentences: Future simple i. I 'll help you in your problems. ii. He'll visit his friends in Hawaii. iii. She will meet him on next monday. Future perfect - By next November, I will have received my promotion. - I am not going to have finished this test by 3 o'clock. - By Monday, Susan is going to have had my book for a week.


				
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Description: English language teaching and learning, TEFL learning, English grammar, past and future tense, receptive skills are reading and listening, conditionals and reported speech, ESL/EFL learning, English for young and adults.