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					  Tokyo
The city full of cities.
                                                    Tokyo
Literally "eastern capital"is located in the Kanto region on the island of Honshu in Japan. It is counted as one of the 47
      prefectures of Japan and commonly referred to as the capital of Japan with the government of Japan and the Emperor
      of Japan residing in Chiyoda Ward. With a population of over 12 million, or about 10 percent of Japan's population, it
      is by far the country's most populous and most densely populated prefecture.
Although Tokyo is considered one of the major cities of the world, it is technically not a city. There is no city named
      "Tokyo." Tokyo is actually designated as a "metropolis", similar to a prefecture consisting of 23 special wards 26
      cities (5 towns , and 8 villages each having a local government. It includes outlying islands in the Pacific Ocean as far
      as over 1,000 km south in the subtropics. Tokyo itself is headed by a publicly-elected governor (not mayor).
Over 8 million live within the 23 self-governing, special wards comprising "central Tokyo" which defines Tokyo for most
      people. The daytime population swells by over 2.5 million with workers and students commuting from neighboring
      prefectures. The total population of the three central wards of Chiyoda, Chuo, and Minato is less than 300,000 at
      night, but balloons to over 2 million during the day.
Being the nation's center of politics, business, finance, education, mass media, and pop culture, Tokyo has the country's
      highest concentration of corporate headquarters, financial institutions, universities and colleges, museums, theaters,
      and shopping and entertainment establishments. It boasts a highly developed public transportation system with
      numerous train and subway lines, buses, and a convenient airport at Haneda with more runways than Narita
      International Airport.
This extreme concentration is both a boon and bane, prompting an ongoing debate over moving the nation's capital to
      another region. There is also a great fear of a catastrophic earthquake striking Tokyo, which may in effect cripple the
      entire nation. Nevertheless, Tokyo continues to attract people from all over Japan and many countries, making a
      substantial portion of the population non-native to Tokyo and making it a great place to meet people from all over the
      country and the world.
                                   Goverment
Although it is counted as one of the 47 prefectures
    of Japan, it is technically not a prefecture.
Tokyo has an administrative structure unique
    among the prefectures of Japa. It is officially
    designated as a "metropolis" (都 to).
    Although it generally resembles a prefecture,
    the Tokyo Metropolitan Government also
    offers partial city government functions to the
    23 special wards included in the heart of
    Tokyo, with a combined population of over 8
    million and an area of 621.3 km². In addition
    to the special wards, Tokyo administers
    twenty-six suburban cities to the west, and a
    number of small islands in the Pacific Ocean.
    The Metropolitan Government's main offices
    (tochō) are located in the ward of Shinjuku



                                                      Tokyo Metropolitan Goverment Building
                                    Geography
Tokyo is located to the northwest of Tokyo Bay, about 90 km east to west and 25 km north to south. It
    borders Chiba Prefecture to the east, Yamanashi Prefecture to the west, Kanagawa Prefecture to the
    south, and Saitama Prefecture to the north. It also consists of islands in the Pacific Ocean directly
    south. The Izu Islands are closest, while the Ogasawara Islands stretch over 1,000 km away from
    mainland Japan.
Tokyo is also part of the Greater Tokyo Area by far the world's most populous metropolitan area that
    includes the surrounding prefectures of Kanagawa, Saitama and Chiba.
Tokyo consists of the following 23 special wards, 26 cities, 5 towns, and 8 villages:
                              23 Special Wards
Each ward (ku) is a local municipality with its own elected mayors and assemblies but differs from ordinary cities in that
     certain governmental functions are handled by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government.
As of September 1, 2003 the total population of the 23 wards was about 8.34 million, with a population density of 13,416
     persons per square kilometer.They are:Adachi, Arakawa, Bunkyo, Chiyoda, Chuo, Edogawa, Itabashi, Katsushika,
     Kita, Koto, Meguro, Minato, Nakano, Nerima, Ota, Setagaya, Shibuya, Shinagawa, Shinjuku, Suginami, Sumida,
     Toshima, Taito.
                                 National Parks
There are two national parks in West Tokyo: Chichibu-Tama National Park, located in Nishitama and spilling over into
     Yamanashi and Saitama Prefectures, and Meiji no Mori Takao Quasi-National Park, located around Mount Takao to
     the south of Hachioji.
South of Tokyo is the Ogasawara National Park.
                                             Cities
West of the 23 wards, Tokyo consists of cities (shi), which enjoy a similar legal status to cities elsewhere
    in Japan. While serving a role as "bed towns" for those working in central Tokyo, some of these
    cities also have a local commercial and industrial base. Collectively, these cities are often known as
    "West Tokyo.„They are as follows: Akiruno, Akishima, Chofu, Fuchu, Fussa, Hachioji, Hamura,
    Higashikurume, Higashimurayama, Higashiyamato, Hino, Inagi, Kiyose, Kodaira Koganei,
    Kokubunji, Komae, Kunitachi, Machida Mitaka, Musashimurayama, Musashino, Nishi-tokyo, Ome,
    Tachikawa, Tama
                                            Kokyo
Kokyo is the Japanese Imperial palace in the
     Chiyoda ward of Tokyo. After the Meiji
     Restoration, the Imperial court moved from
     Kyoto to Tokyo and the former Tokugawa
     stronghold of Edo castle became the
     residence of the Emperor of Japan.
It was destroyed during the Second World War by
     bombing, but was rebuilt in the same style in
     1968.
Most of the palace is generally off limits to the
     public, but the East Gardens are usually
     accessible to tourists. The inner palace is only
     open to the public on two days during each
     year, the Emperor's birthday and New Years
     (January 2).
Shinjuku
      Shinjuku is one of the special wards of Tokyo. It is a
           major commercial and administrative centre as well
           as the location of one of Tokyo's largest public
           transport interchanges, Shinjuku Station. Shinjuku is
           home to the Tokyo Metropolitan Government
           Building, Tokyo's tallest building, where political
           and public administration of Tokyo takes place.
      Shinjuku is a major urban-transit hub: Shinjuku Station
           sees an estimated 2 million passengers pass through
           it each day, with three subway lines, two private-rail
           commuter lines, and several JR lines passing through
           it. It is also home to a heavy concentration of
           department stores, movie theaters, hotels, bars, etc.
      The city of Shinjuku developed into its current form after
           the Great Kanto earthquake (Kantō-daishinsai) in
           1923, since the seismically stable area largely
           escaped the devastation. Consequently, West
           Shinjuku is one of the few areas in Tokyo with many
           skyscrapers. In 1698, during the Edo period,
           Shinjuku (or Naitō Shinjuku) had developed as a new
           (shin) station (shuku or juku) on the Kōshū Kaidō.
           Naitō was a daimyo whose mansion stood in the
           area; his land is now a public park, the Shinjuku
           Gyoen.
      As of 2003, the ward has an estimated population of
           297,135 and a density of 16,299.23 persons per km².
           The total area is 18.23 km².
                                      Tokyo Tower
Tokyo Tower is a tower in, Tokyo whose design is based          Although it is often compared to the Eiffel Tower
      on the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France. The Tower is            as being taller and lighter, Tokyo Tower is
      333 meters tall (9 meters taller than the Eiffel Tower,       not a work of architectural beauty like the
      or 33 if the latter's TV Antenna is not included)             Eiffel Tower. Thus, it never became as
      making it the world's highest self-supporting iron            famous, beloved, and symbolic for Tokyo as
      tower.                                                        the Eiffel Tower became for Paris. Although
Unlike the Eiffel Tower, Tokyo Tower is located in the              it chiefly functions as a radio and television
      middle of a city block. The tower only weighs about           broadcasting antenna, the Tower is best
      4000 tons, which is extremely light compared to the           known as a tourist destination.
      10100 ton Eiffel Tower, and it is painted in white and
      orange according to aviation safety regulations.
In the postwar boom of the 1950s, Japan was looking for a       The first floor houses an aquarium, home to
      monument to symbolize its ascendancy as a global              50,000 fish, the third floor a wax museum
      economic powerhouse. Looking to the Occident for              and an attraction called the Mysterious
      inspiration, the Tokyo Government decided to erect            Walking Zone, and the fourth floor a Trick
      its own Eiffel Tower. It was completed by the                 Art Gallery. There are also two observatory
      Takenaka Corporation in 1958 at a total cost of ¥2.8          floors, the main observatory (at 150 m) and
      billion. At the time it was built it was the tallest          the so-called "special observatory" (at 250
      structure in Tokyo, but it has since been superceded          m); both afford a spectacular 360 degree view
      by several buildings in the Shinjuku and                      of Tokyo and, if the weather is clear, Mt.
      Ikebukurodistricts.                                           Fuji.

				
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